CN204762268U - Rape thresher - Google Patents

Rape thresher Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204762268U
CN204762268U CN201520496840.1U CN201520496840U CN204762268U CN 204762268 U CN204762268 U CN 204762268U CN 201520496840 U CN201520496840 U CN 201520496840U CN 204762268 U CN204762268 U CN 204762268U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
threshing
cage
rape
motor
thick bamboo
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201520496840.1U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张文斌
杨茂典
苏艳萍
俞利宾
郭德伟
闵洁
吴昊
普亚松
王鸿钧
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Honghe University
Original Assignee
Honghe University
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Honghe University filed Critical Honghe University
Priority to CN201520496840.1U priority Critical patent/CN204762268U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN204762268U publication Critical patent/CN204762268U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a rape thresher, it has the frame, the cage section of thick bamboo of threshing, threshing warehouse, motor and feed inlet, the cage section of thick bamboo of threshing is installed at the frame top through its axle, and by the threshing warehouse shroud, there is the screen cloth threshing warehouse lower part, there is the fan below the screen cloth, garrulous straw export and rape seed export, install the motor below the fan, the feed inlet is the side of a horn mouth dress at threshing warehouse, the cage section of thick bamboo of threshing is through its epaxial cage section of thick bamboo band pulley, belt and motor band pulley are realized being connected the transmission with the motor, the cage section of thick bamboo of threshing is formed by the disc at both ends and the welding of cage strip, or drum, it has radial scraper blade to distribute on the section of thick bamboo wall. The motor drives that to thresh a cage section of thick bamboo rotatory, and the tea -oil camellia reachs threshing warehouse through the feed inlet, threshing the effect of cage section of thick bamboo striking down, the rape seed is beaten to leave, through the screen cloth, reach the fan when preceding and garrulous straw separate. The utility model discloses simple structure, convenient operation, small light in weight, easily transport, the mountain region level land all can be used, its through threshing, throughput is big, and vegetable seed and the disposable autosegregation of straw can be gathered in the crops on the spot in the field and take off the seed, and labor - and time -saving is laborsaving, and animal fodder or fertilizer can also be regarded as to the straw of smashing.

Description

Rape thresher
Technical field
The utility model is a kind of rape thresher, for being separated of rape seed and stalk.
Background technology
Tendency of Agricultural Machinery in China level is constantly progress and improve, but the Mechanization Level of rape machine results is also relatively backward comparatively speaking.At the end of 2006; what China rape harvest used rape thresher only accounts for 5.3% of rapeseed cultivation harvest, and Rape Straw stem intersect many, branch is low, during results rape really pod easily burst; and maturity these factors inconsistent, all very large obstruction is produced to the mechanized harvest of rape.
Current, on market, the harvesting approach of rape thresher mainly contains two kinds: one is combining; Two is swath harvestings.Compared to domestic, external level of farming mechanization is higher, development is comparatively perfect, to the research starting comparatively morning of rape harvest mechanization, thus the degree of rape production mechanization results is also higher, be mostly how excellent harvest method, most data shows, uses the percent of loss of rape during swath harvesting method relatively little in actual production, and the oil-containing of rape seed is also relatively high.But operation is many, cost is relatively high.
Market also has large-scale associating rape thresher and small-sized rape thresher, large-scale associating rape thresher is mainly applicable to the large area rape threshing of flat area, its threshing excellent performance, but it is not suitable for the rape threshing of plateau, alpine region; And small-sized rape thresher in the market utilizes threshing cylinder and wind cylinder type sorting mechanism to realize threshing and the screening of rape, its structure is comparatively complicated, and manufacturing cost is higher, expensive, is not too applicable to rural area, particularly hill farmer and uses.The peasant in mountain area wishes that the rape seed threshing machine tool being more suitable for them occurs.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model proposes a kind of new rape thresher; it is simple that it has structure; easy to operate; small in volume, is easy to carrying, all spendable feature in field on mountain region, level land; in addition; this machine also should possess through threshing, and disposal ability is large, the vegetable seed advantage that be automatically separated disposable with stalk.
This rape thresher that the utility model proposes; its organic frame, threshing cage cylinder, threshing bin, motor and charging aperture; it is characterized in that threshing cage cylinder is arranged on frame top by its axle; and by threshing bin cover cap; screen cloth is arranged at threshing bin bottom; blower fan, crushing straw is had to export below screen cloth and rape seed outlet; mounted motor below blower fan; charging aperture is the side that a horn mouth is contained in threshing bin, and threshing cage cylinder is realized and motor connection for transmission by cage cylinder belt wheel, belt and the electrical machine belt pulley on its axle.
Blower fan can be the blower fan having individual motor, also can be the blower fan indirectly driven by motor through cage cylinder belt wheel.
The blade of blower fan is the straight plate of cross.
Crushing straw outlet is an infundibulate, and the bucket end connects rape seed outlet, and rape seed outlet is a skewed slot.
Screen cloth tilts to the direction that crushing straw exports, and extends to outside frame.
Threshing cage cylinder is welded by the disk at two ends and cage bar, or a cylinder, barrel is distributed with radial scraper plate.
During utility model works, driven by motor threshing cage cylinder rotates, the rape after results, together with branches and leaves cane, arrive threshing bin, under threshing cage cylinder effect of impact through charging aperture, rape seed is beaten separated branch leaf and is dissociated with fruit pod, fall on screen cloth, rape seed and stalk in small, broken bits fall through screen cloth, when arriving before blower fan, light crushing straw is dispelled, fly out outside frame through crushing straw outlet, heavy rape seed then continues to fall, and is discharged in container through rape seed outlet.The threshing so just achieving rape seed be automatically separated.
Near the stalk not fruit pod of root, threshing bin can be shifted out after the fruit pod of ending has departed from.Certainly, also can continue to push inward, until smash completely, blow to outside frame.
The utility model structure is simple, easy to operate, small in volume, and be easy to carrying, the field on mountain region, level land all can use, its through threshing, and disposal ability is large, has the vegetable seed feature that be automatically separated disposable with stalk.Be equipped with a small fuel oil generator, can gather in the crops de-seed on the spot in the wild, exempt the rape transport after results and shine the operation of beating, time saving and energy saving, the stalk smashed as animal feed or fertilizer, can also be achieved many things at one stroke.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is stereogram of the present utility model.
Fig. 2 is the stereogram of threshing cage cylinder.
In Fig. 1-2, the label of each parts is:
1-charging aperture; 2-threshing bin; 3-screen cloth; 4-crushing straw exports; 5-frame; 6-rape seed exports; 7-motor; 8-electrical machine belt pulley; 9-bearing; 10-fan shaft; 11-blower fan belt wheel; 12-blower fan; 13-threshing cage cylinder; 14-cage cylinder axle; 15-cage cylinder belt wheel.
Number in the figure is the bearing of 9, and include all bearings on machine, each bearing all has the accessories such as its axle bed.
Embodiment
As shown in Figure 1-2.Frame 5, threshing bin 2, charging aperture 1 etc. are common configuration, generally make of the material such as angle steel, steel plate, screen cloth 3, motor 7, electrical machine belt pulley 8, blower fan belt wheel 11, and cage cylinder belt wheel 15 etc. can be made by oneself, or market is bought obtain.Size between each belt wheel is determined by concrete rotation speed requirements.
Threshing cage cylinder is a critical component of the present utility model, makes cage bar with reinforcing bar, is welded in abreast on the disk at two ends with cage cylinder axle 14, and this structure is conducive to the additional effect fractureed when clashing into stalk, improves the efficiency of threshing.Certain use cylinder, barrel welds some equally distributed radial scraper plates and is also fine.But the effect that scraper plate fractures is not as cage bar.Use during the utility model and can select to make.
Threshing bin is a cover cap, the first half of threshing cage cylinder is covered, in case materials from spattering during work.
As mentioned above, blower fan 12 can be an independent blower fan having from gas-distributing motor, may also be by same motor-driven blower fan.Belong to the latter shown in figure, the position of the blower fan belt wheel indentation belt on fan shaft 10, cage cylinder belt wheel is double pulley, and outside belt is connected with electrical machine belt pulley, and inner side belt wheel is connected with blower fan belt wheel.Also blower fan belt wheel, cage cylinder belt wheel and electrical machine belt pulley can be placed in same vertical plane, allow the axle center of three belt wheels form triangle, driven by motor with same belt simultaneously.
The blower fan of this example is fan form, and blade is the straight plate of cross, and this design can provide the flat blowing air flow of traditional windmill, strengthens the wind area of material.Certainly, the effect of blower fan is that stalk for crashing provides distinguished and admirable, the form of its blade not necessarily shown in figure, as being the electric fan etc. of axial fan, normal wind.
Blower fan and threshing cage cylinder are all installed in frame with accessories such as bearings 9.
Crushing straw exports 4 shapes as funnel, before being placed in blower fan, wind Shu Congqi funnel is blown over by inclined-plane, crushing straw is blown from opening's edge, the seed of heavy then rolls down along slope, the slope of infundibulate crushing straw outlet also has the effect being separated seed and crushing straw further, prevents the seed wrapped in crushing straw from being taken out of outside bucket, reduces the loss.Rape seed outlet 6 is a skewed slot, is welded on crushing straw outlet bottom, allows rape seed automatically flow in container and accumulate.
Screen cloth is commercial goods, can monoblock change.Screen cloth should have certain slope and extend to outside frame when installing, and allows thick crushing straw directly fall outside frame, instead of infiltrates in stalk in small, broken bits.
NM parts are described above.
Through applicant unit, model machine material object is tested, and when adopting the micro-machine of 300-750W to drive, the efficiency of its threshing is equivalent to 20 labours, represents and will order goods after tested peasant household's examination.

Claims (6)

1. a rape thresher; its organic frame, threshing cage cylinder, threshing bin, motor and charging aperture; it is characterized in that threshing cage cylinder is arranged on frame top by its axle; and by threshing bin cover cap; screen cloth is arranged at threshing bin bottom, has blower fan, crushing straw to export and rape seed outlet, mounted motor below blower fan below screen cloth; charging aperture is the side that a horn mouth is contained in threshing bin, and threshing cage cylinder is realized and motor connection for transmission by cage cylinder belt wheel, belt and the electrical machine belt pulley on its axle.
2. rape thresher according to claim 1, is characterized in that blower fan is the blower fan having individual motor, or through cage cylinder belt wheel by motor-driven blower fan.
3. rape thresher according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that the blade of blower fan is the straight plate of cross.
4. rape thresher according to claim 1, it is characterized in that crushing straw outlet is an infundibulate, the bucket end, connects rape seed outlet, and rape seed outlet is a skewed slot.
5. rape thresher according to claim 1, is characterized in that screen cloth tilts to the direction that crushing straw exports, and extends to outside frame.
6. rape thresher according to claim 1, is characterized in that threshing cage cylinder is welded by the disk at two ends and cage bar, or a cylinder, barrel is distributed with radial scraper plate.
CN201520496840.1U 2015-07-10 2015-07-10 Rape thresher Expired - Fee Related CN204762268U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520496840.1U CN204762268U (en) 2015-07-10 2015-07-10 Rape thresher

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520496840.1U CN204762268U (en) 2015-07-10 2015-07-10 Rape thresher

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN204762268U true CN204762268U (en) 2015-11-18

Family

ID=54502440

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201520496840.1U Expired - Fee Related CN204762268U (en) 2015-07-10 2015-07-10 Rape thresher

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN204762268U (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106063411A (en) * 2016-06-07 2016-11-02 刘运华 A kind of quick stripping off device of agricultural oils Semen Allii Tuberosi
CN109012833A (en) * 2018-08-24 2018-12-18 沈阳工业大学 Gyratory crusher

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106063411A (en) * 2016-06-07 2016-11-02 刘运华 A kind of quick stripping off device of agricultural oils Semen Allii Tuberosi
CN106063411B (en) * 2016-06-07 2018-03-02 民乐县碧如意种植有限责任公司 A kind of quick stripping off device of agricultural oils vegetable seed
CN107950202A (en) * 2016-06-07 2018-04-24 合肥智慧龙机械设计有限公司 A kind of quick stripping off device of agricultural oils vegetable seed
CN107950202B (en) * 2016-06-07 2020-11-10 姜志祥 Agricultural rapeseed quick stripping device
CN109012833A (en) * 2018-08-24 2018-12-18 沈阳工业大学 Gyratory crusher

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Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20151118

Termination date: 20180710