CN215301581U - Multi-directional forage grass harvester - Google Patents

Multi-directional forage grass harvester Download PDF

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Publication number
CN215301581U
CN215301581U CN202120011867.2U CN202120011867U CN215301581U CN 215301581 U CN215301581 U CN 215301581U CN 202120011867 U CN202120011867 U CN 202120011867U CN 215301581 U CN215301581 U CN 215301581U
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China
Prior art keywords
mowing
grass
rotating shaft
crushing
gathering
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Active
Application number
CN202120011867.2U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
童彤
闫树龙
袁强
刘志成
常亮
杨晓凤
杨涛
杨波
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Ningxia Lenong Grass Industry Operation Management Co ltd
Ningxia Datian Xintiandi Bioengineering Co ltd
Original Assignee
Ningxia Lenong Grass Industry Operation Management Co ltd
Ningxia Datian Xintiandi Bioengineering Co ltd
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Priority to CN202120011867.2U priority Critical patent/CN215301581U/en
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Publication of CN215301581U publication Critical patent/CN215301581U/en
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Abstract

The utility model belongs to the technical field of agricultural machinery, and relates to a multi-azimuth forage grass harvester. The multi-azimuth forage grass harvester comprises a rack, walking wheels arranged at the bottom of the rack, a bottom mowing mechanism, a grass gathering mechanism, a crushing mechanism, a material raising mechanism, a material collecting box and an upper mowing mechanism, wherein the bottom mowing mechanism, the grass gathering mechanism, the crushing mechanism, the material raising mechanism and the material collecting box are sequentially arranged on the rack from the front end to the rear end of the rack, and the upper mowing mechanism is arranged on the rack and is positioned above the bottom mowing mechanism. This diversified forage grass harvester can realize cutting, gathering together, breakage and the collection to the forage grass, still can carry out diversified cutting to the forage grass of different parts, and the cutting collection efficiency of forage grass is high.

Description

Multi-directional forage grass harvester
Technical Field
The utility model belongs to the technical field of agricultural machinery, and relates to a multi-azimuth forage grass harvester.
Background
Forage harvesters are a common agricultural machine for cutting and breaking forage. The existing forage grass harvester can only cut the forage grass from the root of the forage grass and crush and collect the whole forage grass; however, when the withered degree of the forage grass is different, that is, part of the whole forage grass is withered and part of the whole forage grass is not withered, or the upper part and the lower part of the forage grass have different effects, the upper part and the lower part of the forage grass need to be cut and collected respectively; however, the existing harvester can not meet the requirements, and the application range of the forage grass harvester is severely limited.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model aims to provide a multi-azimuth forage grass harvester which can respectively cut and collect the upper part and the lower part of forage grass so as to realize the all-round harvesting of the forage grass.
The technical scheme of the utility model for solving the technical problems is as follows.
A multi-azimuth forage grass harvester comprises a frame, walking wheels arranged at the bottom of the frame, a bottom mowing mechanism, a grass gathering mechanism, a crushing mechanism, a material raising mechanism, a material collecting box and an upper mowing mechanism, wherein the bottom mowing mechanism, the grass gathering mechanism, the crushing mechanism, the material raising mechanism and the material collecting box are sequentially arranged on the frame from the front end to the rear end of the frame; the bottom mowing mechanism comprises a bottom mowing motor, a mowing rotating shaft and a cutting knife, wherein an output shaft of the bottom mowing motor is connected with the rotating shaft, and the cutting knife is spirally arranged on the mowing rotating shaft; the grass gathering mechanism comprises a grass gathering wheel and a grass gathering rotating shaft, and a mandrel of the grass gathering wheel is sleeved and fixed on the grass gathering rotating shaft; the crushing mechanism comprises a cylinder body, an upper crushing roller and a lower crushing roller, the upper crushing roller and the lower crushing roller are sequentially arranged in the cylinder body from top to bottom, and crushing teeth are arranged on the outer walls of the upper crushing roller and the lower crushing roller; the material lifting mechanism comprises a material lifting cylinder and a fan, and the fan is arranged on the cylinder wall of the material lifting cylinder; the material collecting box is of a box body structure with an opening at the top; the upper mowing mechanism comprises an upper mowing motor, a mowing disc and a grass baffle, wherein an output shaft of the upper mowing motor is connected with a rotating shaft of the mowing disc, the grass baffle is positioned at the rear end of the mowing disc, and one end of the grass baffle is fixed on the upper mowing motor through a connecting rod; the two bottom mowing mechanisms are symmetrically arranged on two sides of the front end of the rack, and the two upper mowing mechanisms are correspondingly arranged above the two bottom mowing mechanisms. According to the technical scheme, the forage grass is cut, gathered, crushed and collected through a series of mechanisms; simultaneously, through the bottom and the upper portion mechanism of mowing that set up respectively, can realize cutting respectively and collecting forage grass lower part and upper portion, and then it is different from the withered degree at root to top to the forage grass, perhaps other needs are to the upper portion of forage grass and the condition when separately reaping lower part, reach the purpose that diversified forage grass was reaped.
Furthermore, in the harvester, the upper mowing mechanism also comprises a telescopic cylinder; one end of the telescopic cylinder is fixed on the frame, and the other end of the telescopic cylinder is fixed on the upper mowing motor through a connecting rod; through setting up telescopic cylinder for the dish of mowing can reciprocate according to the demand.
Furthermore, in the harvester, the upper mowing mechanism also comprises a grass collecting rod; the grass collecting rod is positioned at the outer side of the grass cutting disc, and one end of the grass collecting rod is fixed on the grass blocking plate; through setting up the pole of gathering together grass, can play the effect of gathering together upper portion forage grass when upper portion mowing mechanism operates.
Furthermore, in the harvester, the mowing rotating shaft is arranged in an inclined downward manner, namely, the height of the tail end of the mowing rotating shaft is lower than that of the connecting part of the mowing rotating shaft and the bottom mowing motor, and meanwhile, the outer diameter of the cutting knife is gradually reduced from the connecting end of the mowing rotating shaft to the tail end; the cutting effect of the cutting knife of the bottom mowing mechanism can be better through the arrangement.
Furthermore, in the harvester, the mowing disc comprises an upper mowing knife and a lower mowing knife which are sequentially arranged from top to bottom; the blade tip part of the outer edge of the upper mowing knife and the blade tip part of the outer edge of the lower mowing knife are arranged in a staggered manner; the arrangement can ensure that the cutting effect of the mowing disc of the upper mowing mechanism is better.
Further, in the harvester, the crushing mechanism also comprises a material guide plate; the material guide plate is an arc-shaped plate and is arranged inside the cylinder body and above the discharging position of the crushing mechanism; through setting up the stock guide, can play certain guide effect to the material after the breakage, make its more smooth entering raise material mechanism in.
The multi-azimuth forage grass harvester has the advantages that the forage grass can be cut, gathered, crushed and collected by arranging a series of mechanisms, meanwhile, the multi-azimuth forage grass harvester can cut and collect forage grass in different parts in a multi-azimuth mode, and the cutting position of the upper part of the forage grass can be adjusted according to requirements; this harvester, integrated design, multiple functional, the material flows smoothly, and the cutting collection efficiency of forage grass is high.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of a multi-directional forage harvester according to the present invention;
fig. 2 is a schematic top view of the multi-directional forage harvester of the present invention.
The codes in the figures are respectively: 1. a frame; 2. a traveling wheel; 3. a bottom mowing mechanism; 3-1, a bottom mowing motor; 3-2, a mowing rotating shaft; 3-3, a cutter; 4. a grass gathering mechanism; 4-1, a grass gathering wheel; 4-2, a grass gathering rotating shaft; 5. a crushing mechanism; 5-1, a cylinder body; 5-2, mounting a crushing roller; 5-3, a lower crushing roller; 5-4, a material guide plate; 6. a material raising mechanism; 6-1, a material lifting cylinder; 6-2, a fan; 7. a material collecting box; 8. an upper mowing mechanism; 8-1, an upper mowing motor; 8-2, a mowing disc; 8-3, grass blocking plates; 8-4, a telescopic cylinder; 8-5, a grass gathering rod.
Detailed Description
As shown in fig. 1 and 2, the multi-directional forage grass harvester comprises a frame 1, a traveling wheel 2 arranged at the bottom of the frame 1, a bottom mowing mechanism 3, a grass gathering mechanism 4, a crushing mechanism 5, a material raising mechanism 6, a material collecting box 7 and an upper mowing mechanism 8, wherein the bottom mowing mechanism 3, the grass gathering mechanism 4, the crushing mechanism 5, the material raising mechanism 6 and the material collecting box are sequentially arranged on the frame 1 from the front end to the rear end of the frame 1, and the upper mowing mechanism 8 is arranged on the frame 1 and is positioned above the bottom mowing mechanism 3.
The bottom mowing mechanism 3 comprises a bottom mowing motor 3-1, a mowing rotating shaft 3-2 and a cutting knife 3-3; an output shaft of a bottom mowing motor 3-1 is connected with a rotating shaft, a cutting knife 3-3 is spirally arranged on the mowing rotating shaft 3-2, the mowing rotating shaft 3-2 is obliquely and downwards arranged, namely, the height of the tail end of the mowing rotating shaft is lower than that of the connecting part of the mowing rotating shaft and the bottom mowing motor 3-1, and the outer diameter of the cutting knife 3-3 is gradually reduced from the connecting end of the mowing rotating shaft 3-2 to the tail end; the root of the forage is cut by the bottom mowing mechanism 3.
The upper mowing mechanism 8 comprises an upper mowing motor 8-1, a mowing disc 8-2, a grass baffle 8-3, a telescopic cylinder 8-4 and a grass gathering rod 8-5; the mowing disc 8-2 comprises an upper mowing knife and a lower mowing knife which are sequentially arranged from top to bottom, and the blade tip part of the outer edge of the upper mowing knife and the blade tip part of the outer edge of the lower mowing knife are arranged in a staggered mode; an output shaft of the upper mowing motor 8-1 is connected with a rotating shaft of the mowing disc 8-2, a grass baffle 8-3 is positioned at the rear end of the mowing disc 8-2, one end of the grass baffle is fixed on the upper mowing motor 8-1 through a connecting rod, a grass gathering rod 8-5 is positioned at the outer side of the mowing disc 8-2, one end of the grass gathering rod is fixed on the grass baffle 8-3, one end of a telescopic cylinder 8-4 is fixed on the machine frame 1, and the other end of the telescopic cylinder is fixed on the upper mowing motor 8-1 through the connecting rod; the upper forage grass is cut by the upper mowing mechanism 8.
The number of the bottom mowing mechanisms 3 is two, the two bottom mowing mechanisms are symmetrically arranged on two sides of the front end of the rack 1, and the number of the upper mowing mechanisms 8 is two, and the two upper mowing mechanisms are correspondingly arranged above the two bottom mowing mechanisms 3.
The grass gathering mechanism 4 comprises a grass gathering wheel 4-1 and a grass gathering rotating shaft 4-2; the core shaft of the grass gathering wheel 4-1 is sleeved and fixed on the grass gathering rotating shaft 4-2; the forage grass cut by the bottom grass cutting mechanism 3 is gathered and collected by the grass gathering mechanism 4 and is conveyed into the crushing mechanism 5.
The crushing mechanism 5 comprises a cylinder 5-1, an upper crushing roller 5-2, a lower crushing roller 5-3 and a material guide plate 5-4; the upper crushing roller 5-2 and the lower crushing roller 5-3 are sequentially arranged in the barrel 5-1 from top to bottom, crushing teeth are arranged on the outer walls of the upper crushing roller 5-2 and the lower crushing roller 5-3, and the material guide plate 5-4 is an arc-shaped plate and is arranged in the barrel 5-1 and above the discharging position of the crushing mechanism 5; the cut forage grass is crushed by the crushing mechanism 5.
The material raising mechanism 6 comprises a material raising barrel 6-1 and a fan 6-2; the fan 6-2 is arranged on the cylinder wall of the material lifting cylinder 6-1, and a feed inlet of the material lifting cylinder 6-1 is connected with a discharge outlet of the crushing mechanism 5; the material collecting box 7 is of a box body structure with an opening at the top, and the opening at the top is positioned below the discharge hole of the material lifting cylinder 6-1; the broken forage grass is lifted out and sent into the material collecting box 7 through the material lifting mechanism 6 and the material collecting box 7.
The multi-azimuth forage grass harvester has the working process that the harvester is placed on a forage grass land to be harvested and moves forwards under the pushing of the advancing mechanism; the mowing mechanism at the front end of the harvester starts to cut forage grass along with the advancing of the harvester; specifically, two cutting knives 3-3 of two bottom mowing mechanisms 3 positioned at the lower end start to rotate oppositely under the action of a bottom mowing motor 3-1 and a mowing rotating shaft 3-2 and cut the root of the forage grass; meanwhile, the two grass gathering rods 8-5 of the two upper grass mowing mechanisms 8 positioned at the upper ends gather the upper parts of the forage grass, and the two grass mowing discs 8-2 rotate oppositely under the driving of the upper grass mowing motor 8-1 and cut the upper parts of the forage grass; when the upper part of the forage grass is cut, the cut forage grass is brought to the rear end of the mowing disc 8-2 along with the operation of the mowing disc 8-2 and is thrown out along the two sides of the grass baffle 8-3 under the action of the grass baffle 8-3; in addition, in the operation process of the upper mowing mechanism 8, the telescopic cylinder 8-4 can be adjusted in a telescopic mode according to requirements, and then the upper mowing motor 8-1, a mowing disc 8-2 connected with the upper mowing motor, a grass baffle 8-3 and a grass gathering rod 8-5 are driven to move up and down; when the forage grass begins to fall down after being cut by the bottom grass cutting mechanism 3, at the moment, a grass collecting wheel 4-1 of the grass collecting mechanism 4 begins to rotate under the action of a grass collecting rotating shaft 4-2 and drives the cut forage grass to enter a barrel body 5-1 of the crushing mechanism 5, then the forage grass is crushed under the action of an upper crushing roller 5-2 and a lower crushing roller 5-3, and the crushed forage grass flows out of a discharge hole of the crushing mechanism 5 under the action of a guide plate 5-4; with the starting of the fan 6-2, the forage grass flows through the material raising cylinder 6-1 and is raised into the material collecting box 7, so that the forage grass is cut, crushed and collected in all directions.

Claims (6)

1. A multi-azimuth forage grass harvester is characterized by comprising a rack (1), walking wheels (2) arranged at the bottom of the rack (1), a bottom mowing mechanism (3), a grass collecting mechanism (4), a crushing mechanism (5), a material lifting mechanism (6), a material collecting box (7) and an upper mowing mechanism (8) which is arranged on the rack (1) and is positioned above the bottom mowing mechanism (3) from the front end to the rear end of the rack (1);
the bottom mowing mechanism (3) comprises a bottom mowing motor (3-1), a mowing rotating shaft (3-2) and a cutting knife (3-3); an output shaft of the bottom mowing motor (3-1) is connected with the rotating shaft, and the cutting knife (3-3) is spirally arranged on the mowing rotating shaft (3-2);
the grass gathering mechanism (4) comprises a grass gathering wheel (4-1) and a grass gathering rotating shaft (4-2); the core shaft of the grass gathering wheel (4-1) is sleeved and fixed on the grass gathering rotating shaft (4-2);
the crushing mechanism (5) comprises a cylinder body (5-1), an upper crushing roller (5-2) and a lower crushing roller (5-3); the upper crushing roller (5-2) and the lower crushing roller (5-3) are sequentially arranged in the barrel body (5-1) from top to bottom, and crushing teeth are arranged on the outer walls of the upper crushing roller (5-2) and the lower crushing roller (5-3);
the material raising mechanism (6) comprises a material raising barrel (6-1) and a fan (6-2); the fan (6-2) is arranged on the cylinder wall of the charging raising cylinder (6-1);
the material collecting box (7) is of a box body structure with an opening at the top;
the upper mowing mechanism (8) comprises an upper mowing motor (8-1), a mowing disc (8-2) and a grass baffle (8-3); an output shaft of the upper mowing motor (8-1) is connected with a rotating shaft of the mowing disc (8-2), the grass baffle (8-3) is positioned at the rear end of the mowing disc (8-2), and one end of the grass baffle is fixed on the upper mowing motor (8-1) through a connecting rod;
the number of the bottom mowing mechanisms (3) is two, the two bottom mowing mechanisms are symmetrically arranged on two sides of the front end of the rack (1), and the number of the upper mowing mechanisms (8) is two, and the two upper mowing mechanisms are correspondingly arranged above the two bottom mowing mechanisms (3).
2. The multi orientation forage harvester of claim 1 wherein the upper mowing mechanism (8) further comprises a telescopic cylinder (8-4); one end of the telescopic cylinder (8-4) is fixed on the frame (1), and the other end is fixed on the upper mowing motor (8-1) through a connecting rod.
3. The multi orientation forage harvester of claim 1 wherein the upper mowing mechanism (8) further comprises a grass gathering bar (8-5); the grass gathering rod (8-5) is positioned at the outer side of the grass cutting disc (8-2), and one end of the grass gathering rod is fixed on the grass blocking plate (8-3).
4. The multi-azimuth forage harvester according to claim 1, wherein the mowing rotating shaft (3-2) is arranged obliquely downwards, i.e. the height of the tail end of the mowing rotating shaft is lower than the height of the connecting part of the mowing rotating shaft and the bottom mowing motor (3-1), and the outer diameter of the cutting knife (3-3) is gradually reduced from the connecting end of the mowing rotating shaft (3-2) to the tail end.
5. The multi azimuth forage harvester according to claim 1, wherein the mowing disc (8-2) comprises an upper mowing knife and a lower mowing knife arranged in sequence from top to bottom; the outer edge blade tip of the upper mowing knife and the outer edge blade tip of the lower mowing knife are arranged in a staggered mode.
6. The multi orientation forage harvester according to claim 1 wherein the crushing mechanism (5) further comprises a material guide plate (5-4); the material guide plate (5-4) is an arc-shaped plate and is arranged inside the barrel (5-1) and above the discharging position of the crushing mechanism (5).
CN202120011867.2U 2021-01-05 2021-01-05 Multi-directional forage grass harvester Active CN215301581U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202120011867.2U CN215301581U (en) 2021-01-05 2021-01-05 Multi-directional forage grass harvester

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202120011867.2U CN215301581U (en) 2021-01-05 2021-01-05 Multi-directional forage grass harvester

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN215301581U true CN215301581U (en) 2021-12-28

Family

ID=79571503

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202120011867.2U Active CN215301581U (en) 2021-01-05 2021-01-05 Multi-directional forage grass harvester

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN215301581U (en)

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