CN204762122U - Automatic change fertilizer distributor - Google Patents

Automatic change fertilizer distributor Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204762122U
CN204762122U CN201520412101.XU CN201520412101U CN204762122U CN 204762122 U CN204762122 U CN 204762122U CN 201520412101 U CN201520412101 U CN 201520412101U CN 204762122 U CN204762122 U CN 204762122U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
main line
fertilizer
branch road
controller
fertilizer distributor
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Active
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CN201520412101.XU
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王永刚
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Wo Sheng Sheng (beijing) Agricultural Science And Technology Co Ltd
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Wo Sheng Sheng (beijing) Agricultural Science And Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201520412101.XU priority Critical patent/CN204762122U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture, e.g. CO2
    • Y02P60/21Dinitrogen oxide [N2O], e.g. using aquaponics, hydroponics or efficiency measures

Abstract

The utility model relates to the field of agricultural machinery, especially, relate to an automatic change fertilizer distributor. This automatic change fertilizer distributor includes water pump, main line, automatic fertile branch road, control valve, flow monitor and the controller of supplying, and under the control of controller, the fertilization water is carried for the main line to the water pump, supplies the parallelly connected setting of fertile branch road and main line automatically, can carry fertilizer to the main line part automatically, mixes with the fertilization water, accomplishes the liquid manure integration, the flow monitor sets up in the pipeline section that main line solution and water mix, can carry out real time monitoring to the flow of solution and the mixed liquid of water, and then the controller judges the back to this information, and the accurate control to the flow of mixed liquid is realized to the work of control pump and the degree of opening and shutting of control valve, liquid manure integration supply can be realized to whole fertilizer distributor, has the degree of automation height, production efficiency is high, control accuracy is high, with low costs and compact structure's advantage.

Description

A kind of automation fertilizer distributor
Technical field
The utility model relates to agricultural mechanical field, particularly relates to a kind of automation fertilizer distributor.
Background technology
At present, in plant cultivation, particularly fruits and vegetables plantation aspect, more and more by adopting greenhouse gardening technology to improve the scale and output of producing, but the watering, fertilizing at present in booth is produced is more adopt traditional mode of production, and traditional watering, fertilizing mode liquid manure separately carries out, the human resources of at substantial, automaticity and production efficiency low, and during fertilising, the size of flow is not monitored, thus accurate monitoring cannot be accomplished to fertilizing amount, be unfavorable for plant growth and the waste source of manure.
Therefore, for above deficiency, need to provide a kind of automation fertilizer distributor.
Utility model content
(1) technical problem that will solve
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of automation fertilizer distributor and separates operation, human cost is high, automaticity, production efficiency low and fertilizing amount cannot accurately be monitored problem with the liquid manure solving existing watering, fertilizing mode and exist.
(2) technical scheme
In order to solve the problems of the technologies described above, the utility model provides a kind of automation fertilizer distributor, it comprises main line, automatically fertilizer branch road, control valve, flow monitor and controller, water source is connected with main line, control valve is arranged on main line, automatic fertilizer branch road and main line are arranged in parallel, and fertilizer branch road is communicated with the source of manure automatically; Flow monitor is arranged in the line segments that main line solution mixes with water, and is connected with controller, goes out flow quantity to monitor main line and fluid flow information is passed to controller; Controller control valve be connected, to control out flow quantity.
Wherein, also comprise frame and water pump, described water pump, main line and controller are arranged in described frame, and water source is connected with main line by water pump, and control valve is arranged on the position near main line outlet.
Wherein, described automatic fertilizer branch road comprises Venturi tube and enters fertile pipe, and the two ends of described Venturi tube are communicated to leading portion and the back segment of main line respectively, and the entrance of one end and Venturi tube of entering fertile pipe is communicated with, and the other end is communicated with the source of manure.
Wherein, the pipeline that described Venturi tube is communicated with the leading portion of main line is provided with the first gauge tap.
Wherein, the line segments of described main line and automatic fertilizer branch circuit parallel connection is provided with the second gauge tap.
Wherein, described Venturi tube with enter on pipeline that fertile pipe is communicated with to be provided with the 3rd gauge tap.
Wherein, multiple described automatic fertilizer branch road and main line are arranged in parallel, and the fertile pipe that respectively enters in multiple automatic fertilizer branch road is communicated with different types of source of manure respectively.
Wherein, the number of described automatic fertilizer branch road is two.
Wherein, the pipeline section near control valve inlet on described main line is provided with filter.
Wherein, described main line to detour setting along the edge of frame, and automatic fertilizer branch road is erected at the top of frame, and the source of manure is arranged on the below of automatic fertilizer branch road.
(3) beneficial effect
Technique scheme tool of the present utility model has the following advantages: in the automation fertilizer distributor that the utility model provides, under the control of the controller, water pump is to main line conveying fertilising water, automatic fertilizer branch road and main line are arranged in parallel, automatically fertilizer can be delivered to main line part, mix with fertilising water, accomplish water-fertilizer integral; Flow monitor is arranged in the line segments that main line solution mixes with water, can monitor in real time the flow of the mixed liquor of solution and water, and then after controller judges this information, control the work of water pump and the opening degree of control valve, realize the accurate control of the flow to mixed liquor; Whole fertilizer distributor can realize water-fertilizer integral supply, has that automaticity is high, production efficiency is high, control accuracy is high, cost is low and the advantage of compact conformation.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the stereogram of the utility model embodiment automation fertilizer distributor;
Fig. 2 is the end view of the utility model embodiment automation fertilizer distributor;
Fig. 3 is the vertical view of the utility model embodiment automation fertilizer distributor;
Fig. 4 is the control principle drawing of the utility model embodiment automation fertilizer distributor controller.
In figure, 1: frame; 2: water pump; 3: main line; 4: control valve; 5: fertilizer branch road automatically; 6: controller; 7: the first gauge taps; 8: the second gauge taps; 9: filter; 10: controller support; 11: flow monitor; 501: Venturi tube; 502: enter fertile pipe.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, embodiment of the present utility model is described in further detail.Following examples for illustration of the utility model, but are not used for limiting scope of the present utility model.
" front " of the present invention and " afterwards " refer to flowing to of liquid respectively and flow out direction.
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, Figure 3 and Figure 4, automation fertilizer distributor provided by the invention, it comprises frame 1, water pump 2, main line 3, automatically fertilizer branch road 5, control valve 4, flow monitor 11 and controller 6, and water pump 2, main line 3 and controller 6 are arranged on frame 1; Water pump 2 is connected with main line 3, and control valve 4 is arranged on the position exported near main line 3, and certainly, control valve also can be arranged on other positions of main line 3, and automatic fertilizer branch road 5 is arranged in parallel with main line 3, and fertilizer branch road 5 is communicated with the source of manure automatically; Flow monitor 11 is arranged in the line segments that main line 3 solution mixes with water, and is connected with controller 6, goes out flow quantity to monitor main line 3 and fluid flow information is passed to controller 6; Described water pump 2, control valve 4 are all connected with controller 6, and controller 6 is arranged on the side of frame 1 by controller support 10.Certainly, main line 3 also without water pump, directly can be received water source place, as faucet by automation fertilizer distributor.
In above-mentioned embodiment, under the control of controller 6, water pump 2 works and carries fertilising water to main line 3, automatic fertilizer branch road 5 is arranged in parallel with main line 3, and fertilizer branch road 5 is communicated with the source of manure automatically, automatically fertilizer can be delivered to the hindfoot portion of main line 3, mix with fertilising water, accomplish water-fertilizer integral; Flow monitor 11 is arranged in the line segments that main line 3 solution mixes with water, can monitor in real time the flow of the mixed liquor of solution and water, and by this information Real-time Feedback to controller 6, after controller 6 judges this information, make the instruction of the flow reducing or increase mixed liquor, and then control the work of water pump 2 and the opening degree of control valve 4, realize the accurate control of the flow to mixed liquor.
Particularly, automatic fertilizer branch road 5 comprises Venturi tube 501 and enters fertile pipe 502, and the two ends of described Venturi tube 501 are communicated to leading portion and the back segment of main line 3 respectively, and the one end entering fertile pipe 502 is communicated with the entrance of Venturi tube 501, and the other end is communicated with the source of manure.By adopting Venturi tube 501, the negative pressure produced when utilizing fluid to flow through in Venturi tube 501, is drawn to the fertilizer in the source of manure in Venturi tube 501, and is delivered in main line 3, achieve the automatic supply of fertilizer, and production cost is low.
Preferably, the pipeline that described Venturi tube 501 is communicated with the leading portion of main line 3 is provided with the first gauge tap 7.Shut this first gauge tap 7, then the water sent here from water pump 2 through Venturi tube 501, but directly can not be watered by main line 3, and certain this setup is applicable to only need water does not need the situation of fertilising.
Preferably, the line segments that described main line 3 is in parallel with automatic fertilizer branch road 5 is provided with the second gauge tap 8.Shut this second gauge tap 8, current can not flow through the main line 3 in parallel with automatic fertilizer branch road 5, but enter automatic fertilizer branch road 5, thus produce negative pressure in automatic fertilizer branch road 5, and the sucking-off source of manure, realizes mixing and the conveying of liquid manure.
Further, described Venturi tube 501 with enter on pipeline that fertile pipe 502 is communicated with to be provided with the 3rd gauge tap.Under fertilizer distributor fault or other situations, can closedown the 3rd gauge tap be passed through, avoid the outflow of fertilizer.
Further, multiple described automatic fertilizer branch road 5 is arranged in parallel with main line 3, and the fertile pipe 502 that respectively enters in multiple automatic fertilizer branch road 5 is communicated with different types of source of manure respectively.The fertile pipe 502 that respectively enters in multiple automatic fertilizer branch road 5 is communicated with different types of source of manure respectively, thus can the most multiple fertilizer of crop applying; Usually, the number of automatic fertilizer branch road 5 is two, supplies A fertilizer and B fertilizer respectively.
Preferably, the pipeline section near control valve 4 inlet on described main line 3 is provided with filter 9.By this filter 9, the impurity in mixed liquor can be filtered on the one hand, the more important thing is and can be uniformly mixed fully fertilizer and water inlet, make fertilizer concentration homogeneous, improve the stability of crop production.
Preferably, described main line 3 to detour setting along the edge of frame 1, and automatic fertilizer branch road 5 is erected at the top of frame 1, and the source of manure is arranged on the below of automatic fertilizer branch road 5.Such structure is compacter, take up an area that space is few, to carry transfer also more convenient, drastically increases the flexibility that fertilizer distributor uses.
The utility model is when applying fertilizer use, first open the first gauge tap 7 and close the second gauge tap 8, control water pump 2 by controller 6 to work, water pump 2 water delivery enters in the Venturi tube 501 of automatic fertilizer branch road 5 through main line 3 leading portion, under the effect of Venturi tube 501 negative pressure, fertilizer inspiration Venturi tube 501 is delivered to main line 3 back segment, after automatic fertilizer branch road 5 realizes automatic fertilizer, the second gauge tap 8 can be opened, the main line 3 in parallel with automatic fertilizer branch road 5 is connected, after this part pipeline, defeated next fertilizer is mixed to form mixed liquor to water with automatic fertilizer branch road 5, flow monitor 11 can be monitored in real time to the flow of the mixed liquor of solution and water, and by this information Real-time Feedback to controller 6, after controller 6 judges this information, make the instruction of the flow reducing or increase mixed liquor, and then control the work of water pump 2 and the opening degree of control valve 4, realize the control to the flow of mixed liquor.
In sum, in the automation fertilizer distributor that the utility model provides, by adopting automatic fertilizer branch road 5, the automatic supply of fertilizer can be realized; Be connected with controller 6 by water pump 2, control valve 4, the control that fertilising water inlet and mixed liquor are flowed out can be realized; Can be monitored in real time the flow of the mixed liquor of solution and water by flow monitor 11, controller 6 and then control the work of water pump 2 and the opening degree of control valve 4, realize the accurate control of the flow to mixed liquor, thus be beneficial to plant growth and save the source of manure; Whole fertilizer distributor can realize water-fertilizer integral supply, has that automaticity is high, production efficiency is high, control accuracy is high, cost is low and the advantage of compact conformation.
The above is only preferred embodiment of the present utility model; should be understood that; for those skilled in the art; under the prerequisite not departing from the utility model know-why; can also make some improvement and modification, these improve and modification also should be considered as protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (10)

1. an automation fertilizer distributor, it is characterized in that: it comprises main line, automatically fertilizer branch road, control valve, flow monitor and controller, and water source is connected with main line, and control valve is arranged on main line, automatic fertilizer branch road and main line are arranged in parallel, and fertilizer branch road is communicated with the source of manure automatically; Flow monitor is arranged in the line segments that main line solution mixes with water, and is connected with controller, goes out flow quantity to monitor main line and fluid flow information is passed to controller; Controller control valve be connected, to control out flow quantity.
2. automation fertilizer distributor according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: also comprise frame and water pump, described water pump, main line and controller are arranged in described frame, and water source is connected with main line by water pump, and control valve is arranged on the position near main line outlet.
3. automation fertilizer distributor according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described automatic fertilizer branch road comprises Venturi tube and enters fertile pipe, the two ends of described Venturi tube are communicated to leading portion and the back segment of main line respectively, the entrance of one end and Venturi tube of entering fertile pipe is communicated with, and the other end is communicated with the source of manure.
4. automation fertilizer distributor according to claim 3, is characterized in that: the pipeline that described Venturi tube is communicated with the leading portion of main line is provided with the first gauge tap.
5. automation fertilizer distributor according to claim 3, is characterized in that: the line segments of described main line and automatic fertilizer branch circuit parallel connection is provided with the second gauge tap.
6. automation fertilizer distributor according to claim 3, is characterized in that: described Venturi tube with enter on pipeline that fertile pipe is communicated with to be provided with the 3rd gauge tap.
7. automation fertilizer distributor according to claim 3, is characterized in that: multiple described automatic fertilizer branch road and main line are arranged in parallel, and the fertile pipe that respectively enters in multiple automatic fertilizer branch road is communicated with different types of source of manure respectively.
8. automation fertilizer distributor according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the number of described automatic fertilizer branch road is two.
9. automation fertilizer distributor according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the pipeline section near control valve inlet on described main line is provided with filter.
10. automation fertilizer distributor according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described main line to detour setting along the edge of frame, and automatic fertilizer branch road is erected at the top of frame, and the source of manure is arranged on the below of automatic fertilizer branch road.
CN201520412101.XU 2015-06-15 2015-06-15 Automatic change fertilizer distributor Active CN204762122U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520412101.XU CN204762122U (en) 2015-06-15 2015-06-15 Automatic change fertilizer distributor

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520412101.XU CN204762122U (en) 2015-06-15 2015-06-15 Automatic change fertilizer distributor

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108012640A (en) * 2017-11-29 2018-05-11 上海华维节水灌溉股份有限公司 It is a kind of based on the Irrigation and fertilization system for making substance environment collaborative feedback
CN109743944A (en) * 2017-11-03 2019-05-14 中国农业大学 A kind of heliogreenhouse liquid manure one intelligent control system and its method
CN110710375A (en) * 2019-11-04 2020-01-21 河北雨农灌溉设备制造有限公司 Intelligent fertilizer applicator

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109743944A (en) * 2017-11-03 2019-05-14 中国农业大学 A kind of heliogreenhouse liquid manure one intelligent control system and its method
CN108012640A (en) * 2017-11-29 2018-05-11 上海华维节水灌溉股份有限公司 It is a kind of based on the Irrigation and fertilization system for making substance environment collaborative feedback
CN110710375A (en) * 2019-11-04 2020-01-21 河北雨农灌溉设备制造有限公司 Intelligent fertilizer applicator

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