A kind of multilayer is without dodging multi-storied garage
The utility model belongs to mechanical type three-dimensional parking garage technical field, relates to a kind of multilayer without dodging multi-storied garage.
Increasing along with vehicle, parking difficulty problem not only have impact on the development in city, also be the application of the focal issue affecting realty industry and development of automobile industry, Mechanical parking system, become the important means solving parking difficulty problem when Residential Areas In Metropolitan anxiety.
The pattern of Mechanical parking system in the market mainly contains lifting cross sliding type, planar movement class, vertical lifting etc., these equipment Problems existing are: large-scale, high automation, construction operation cost is high, need reserved designated lane, space availability ratio is low, higher to site requirements, is difficult to transform existing parking lot, or be difficult to apply in the place of narrow field, solve the problems referred to above without the appearance of dodging parking apparatus.
Little by place restriction without dodging multi-storied garage, arrange flexibly, be especially applicable to the place being arranged on narrow field, can effectively solve parking difficulty problem, develop rapidly in each metropolis of China, nothing is in the market dodged multi-storied garage and is mainly contained several as follows:
1, lower floor is from walking to stop, and car is carried on upper strata, has the function shifting out, be elevated, rotate.The parking apparatus of this pattern is provided with ground guide, and mobile base carries out planar movement in ground guide; Mobile base is installed head tree and electric rotating machine, and electric rotating machine drives head tree to rotate; Head tree is provided with lifting drive, drives vehicle-containing lifting.
This parking apparatus is divided into and longitudinally stops and laterally stop two kinds, and longitudinal parking needs shift out, be elevated, spinning movement, and it has a kind of pattern that changes to add and get on the right track; The equipment laterally stopped does not have spinning movement, only has the function laterally shifting out, be elevated, and is all suitable for increasing curb parking position.
Shortcoming: can only arrange two-layer; Pre-buried installation foundation (in ground built-in connection) must be excavated, make troubles to installation, destroy original smooth ground, add the cost of whole parking apparatus; Vehicle-containing bias is installed, guide rail unbalance stress, and running easily rocks, and is difficult to ensure the directed linear running on guide rail such as movable chassis and column; And monolateral stressed fragile roller, Rotary cloumn and guide rail, there is potential safety hazard, application life is short.
2, lower floor's vehicle-containing moves forward and rotates, and upper strata vehicle-containing is elevated.
Be still monolateral force structure, comparatively, a kind of equipment is slightly good, and shortcoming to arrange two-layer, and during access upper deck, lower floor's sweep must shift out and rotate, and plugs track, very inconvenient, and chronic when causing access upper strata vehicle.
3, drawer type parking apparatus.
Have and longitudinally stop and horizontal parking two profiles formula, can as catching front and back drawer, moving up and down, control the vehicle-containing that free berth puts when parked vehicle as required and move to ground, after being stopped by vehicle, retract parking stall.
Shortcoming: each parking stall needs power, for movable vehicle-containing; After the necessary extending equipment framework suspention of lifting frame, ability lifting car carrying board, poor stability.
4, without dodging disengaged parking apparatus, comprise framework and lifting appliance, vehicle-containing is parked on framework, and lifting appliance is made up of lifting motor, elevating chain, public lifting track, electric rotating machine and public Rotary cloumn, and lifting appliance completes the function fetched and delivered, rotate, be elevated of vehicle-containing.
When picking up the car, lifting appliance is driven by lifting motor, climb along public Rotary cloumn, after the parking tier transferred, column rotates and makes hoisting mechanism towards the vehicle-containing for transferring, and then track moves in the middle of parking space along the longitudinal, and hoisting mechanism again rises and to be mentioned by vehicle-containing, column longitudinally shifts out rear rotation, and under being rotated in place rear lifting appliance, general who has surrendered's vehicle-containing falls earthward.
In the process of whole Transport Vehicle, vehicle and vehicle-containing are all undertaken transferring by Rotary cloumn, rotate, descending operation, so although this equipment solves the monolateral unbalance stress of aforementioned 1st kind of equipment when parking cars for a long time, easy inclination, the problem that application life is short, but access vehicle time operating principle identical with aforementioned 1st kind of equipment, also there is identical shortcoming, and along with the number of plies increase access speed slowly.
In sum, there is the problem of cost height and poor stability in parking apparatus of the prior art.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of multilayer without dodging multi-storied garage, overcome two-layer nothing to dodge garage and disengaged garage infrastructure requirement is high, force structure is unreasonable without dodging, poor stability, life-span short, slow-footed shortcoming, solve drawer type and need power without dodging each parking stall, garage, cost is high, the problem of poor stability, adopt sandwich construction, add land utilization efficiency.
In order to achieve the above object, the technical solution adopted in the utility model is: a kind of multilayer is without dodging multi-storied garage, comprise support frame, some layers of parking space are provided with in support frame, except top, Wai Meiceng parking space, bottom parking space is all provided with fixed guide, fixed guide is provided with coaster, and ass is connected with and carries vehicle frame, and coaster is provided with a year vehicle frame sucking plate towards one end of access, parking space; Access, parking space place is vertically provided with riser guide, riser guide is provided with lift platform, lift platform is provided with moving guide rail, moving guide rail docks composition guide rail with level fixed guide, moving guide rail is provided with electric block sport car, electric block sport car is provided with the magnechuck coordinated with year vehicle frame sucking plate.
Described riser guide is arranged between two adjacent parking spaces of level, and moving guide rail is arc-shaped guide rail, and electric block sport car two ends are all provided with magnechuck.
Within described year, vehicle frame comprises vehicle-containing suspension bracket and vehicle-containing, each fixed guide is provided with two coasters, and coaster is connected with by suspention axle and carries vehicle frame suspension gear, and carrying vehicle frame suspension gear internal fixtion has vehicle-containing suspension bracket, and vehicle-containing suspension bracket is connected with vehicle-containing.
The top of described support frame is provided with the apparatus for controlling of lifting controlling lift platform, described apparatus for controlling of lifting comprise be arranged on support frame top cable drum, drive the drive motors of cable drum and be arranged on the wire rope bend wheel on riser guide top, the wire rope that cable drum is drawn is connected with lift platform by wire rope bend wheel.
Described trapped orbit is provided with a holder, holder upper hinge is connected to an anti-fall hook, and anti-fall hook one end is connected with the anti-fall electromagnet be arranged on trapped orbit, and the other end is stretch in coaster the crotch structure preventing coaster from sliding.
The pulley set guider described lift platform being provided with cable drum and being made up of two cable bend wheels, two cable bend wheels are horizontally set in same plane, the excircle of two cable bend wheels is tangent, and both hold wire casing docking composition can the through hole that passes of current supply cable, the cable that cable drum is drawn is linked into electric block sport car through pulley set guiding.
Compared with prior art, the utility model at least has following beneficial effect, the utility model improves existing double-deck without dodging the unreasonable of stereoscopic garage structure, can be arranged to multilayer form, add land utilization ratio simple and reasonable according to site environment and user's request; Infrastructure simply, is easily installed, and adopts one to drag many structures, and drive motors is few, cost is low, energy-conserving and environment-protective, meets the large situation of economical environment-protective instantly.
Further, secondly use roller steel wire to dodge elevating mechanism as nothing, decrease the Transport Vehicle time used, Transport Vehicle speed is fast.
Further, fixed guide is provided with anti-fall hook, avoids carrying vehicle frame, when not carrying out Transport Vehicle operation, landing occurs, improve the safety that garage uses.
Above-mentioned explanation is only the general introduction of technical solutions of the utility model, in order to technological means of the present utility model can be better understood, and can be implemented according to the content of manual, and can become apparent to allow above and other object of the present utility model, feature and advantage, below especially exemplified by preferred embodiment, be described in detail as follows.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the support frame structure schematic diagram of the utility model multi-storied garage.
Fig. 2 is the front view of the utility model multi-storied garage.
Fig. 3 is part A schematic enlarged-scale view in Fig. 2.
Fig. 4 is part B schematic enlarged-scale view in Fig. 2.
Fig. 5 is the lateral view of the utility model multi-storied garage.
Fig. 6 is C part-structure enlarged drawing in Fig. 5.
Fig. 7 is D part-structure enlarged drawing in Fig. 5.
Fig. 8 is the top view of the utility model multi-storied garage.
Fig. 9 is the lift platform structural representation of the utility model multi-storied garage.
Figure 10 is that the cable drum of the utility model multi-storied garage arranges schematic diagram.
Figure 11 is that the cable drum of the utility model multi-storied garage arranges schematic diagram.
In figure, 1-contact roller, 2-magnechuck, 3-contact roller elastic adjusting device, 4-electric block sport car, 5-carries vehicle frame sucking plate, and 6-carries vehicle frame suspension gear, and 61-suspends axle in midair, 7-coaster, 8-drive motors, 9-cable drum, 10-wire rope bend wheel, 11-cable drum, 12-cable bend wheel, 13-lift platform, the anti-fall hook of 14-, the anti-fall electromagnet of 15-, 16-vehicle-containing, 17-vehicle-containing suspension bracket, 18-support frame, 21-riser guide, 22-fixed guide, 23-moving guide rail.
Detailed description of the invention
The technical solution of the utility model is further illustrated below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments.
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, for the support frame 18 of multi-storied garage of the present utility model, support frame 18 adopts steel structure frame, some layers of parking space are provided with in support frame 18, except top, Wai Meiceng parking space, bottom parking space is all provided with fixed guide 22, access, parking space place is vertically provided with riser guide 21;
As shown in Fig. 2, Fig. 5 and Fig. 9, fixed guide 22 is provided with the coaster 7 along fixed guide 22 movement, coaster 7 is provided with a year vehicle frame sucking plate 5 towards one end of access, parking space, coaster 7 lower end is connected with carries a vehicle frame, carries vehicle frame and comprises the vehicle-containing suspension bracket 17 that is connected with coaster 7 and the vehicle-containing 16 for vehicle; Riser guide 21 is provided with lift platform 13, lift platform 13 soffit is provided with moving guide rail 23; Dock composition guide rail during fixed guide 22 co-altitude of moving guide rail 23 with certain one deck parking space, moving guide rail 23 is provided with the electric block sport car 4 along guide rail movement, electric block sport car 4 is provided with and the magnechuck 2 carrying vehicle frame sucking plate 5 and coordinate;
Support frame 18 top is provided with the lifting power plant of lift platform 13, described lifting power plant comprises cable drum 9 and for driving the drive motors 8 of cable drum 9, described cable drum 9 is wound with wire rope, and one end of wire rope is fixed on lift platform 13 by the wire rope bend wheel 10 being arranged on riser guide 21 top;
Lift platform 13 is provided with cable drum 11 and pulley set guider.
As shown in Fig. 4, Figure 10 and Figure 11, pulley set guider lift platform 13 being provided with cable drum 11 and being made up of two cable bend wheels 12, two cable bend wheels 12 are horizontally set in same plane, the excircle of two cable bend wheels 12 is tangent, and both hold wire casing docking composition can the through hole that passes of current supply cable, the cable that cable drum 11 is drawn is linked into electric block sport car 4 through pulley set guiding, for electric block sport car 4 provides electric power, drive trailing cable when electric block sport car 4 moves, cable drum 11 ensures that trailing cable can folding and unfolding freely.
As shown in Figure 3, the cross sectional shape of trapped orbit 22 is " work " font, coaster 7 is positioned on trapped orbit 22 by the pulley being arranged on coaster 7 both sides inwall, realize being connected by suspending axle 61 in midair between coaster 7 with year vehicle frame suspension gear 6, and relative rotation can be there is between coaster 7 with suspention axle 61, carry in vehicle frame suspension gear 6 and be fixed with vehicle-containing suspension bracket 17, as shown in Figure 6, carry on vehicle frame suspension gear 6 and be provided with a fixing hole, vehicle-containing suspension bracket 17 is fixed in fixing hole.
As shown in Figure 6, trapped orbit 22 is provided with a holder, holder upper hinge is connected to an anti-fall hook 14, anti-fall hook 14 one end is connected with the anti-fall electromagnet 15 be arranged on trapped orbit 22, the other end is crotch structure, stretch in coaster 7, prevent coaster 7 from skidding off fixed guide 22 when not carrying out Transport Vehicle operation and cause falling accident;
When not carrying out Transport Vehicle operation, anti-fall electromagnet 15 no power, anti-fall hook 14 is in level, and the hook part of anti-fall hook 14 stretches in coaster 7 and prevents coaster 7 from sliding; When carrying out Transport Vehicle operation, anti-fall electromagnet 15 is energized, and anti-fall hook 14 hook part is upwards lifted, and does not limit the slip of coaster 7.
As shown in Figure 7, the two ends of electric block sport car 4 are all provided with magnechuck 2, magnechuck 2 coordinates and draw a year vehicle frame with the vehicle frame sucking plate 5 that carries be arranged on coaster 7 and move, and two magnechucks 2 are corresponding with year vehicle frame sucking plate 5 in two parking spaces at arc moving guide rail 23 two ends respectively.
As shown in Figure 8, moving guide rail 23 is arc-shaped guide rail, and the two ends of moving guide rail 23 complete with the fixed guide 22 of co-altitude two adjacent stalls respectively docks; Within each year, vehicle frame top is all connected with trapped orbit 22 by two coasters 7, and near the outer face of the coaster 7 of access, a year vehicle frame sucking plate 5 is installed, carry the magnechuck cooperating that vehicle frame sucking plate 5 and electric block sport car 4 are installed, the two ends of electric block sport car 4 are provided with magnechuck 2, and when Transport Vehicle, electric block sport car 4 can carry vehicle frame sucking plate 5 with either side and completes and be connected as required.
The course of work of the utility model multi-storied garage, when carrying out ground floor and stopping, directly reversing is put in storage;
When needs are at upper-layer parking position access automobile, first the vehicle frame that carries in upper-layer parking position to be taken out from parking space, detailed process is as follows: first, lifting drives reducing motor 8 to drive cable drum 9 to rotate, wire rope vertical lift platform 13 that drives after altering course through wire rope changed course rope sheave 10 is elevated, lift platform 13 is provided with multiple guide wheel above, riser guide 21 is provided with track above, lift platform 13 is under the restriction of guide wheel, track along riser guide 19 is elevated to specifies parking space aspect, arc moving guide rail 23 interface is completed with the fixed guide 22 of specifying top, parking space to install dock, now arc moving guide rail 23 and fixed guide 22 connect to form a guide rail, electric block sport car 4 arcuately moving guide rail 23 and fixed guide 22 moves to appointment parking space, contact roller 1 is at the tight orbit of guide rail of the pressure of contact roller elastic adjusting device 3, for electric block sport car 4 increases force of rolling friction, prevent push-and-pull from skidding,
After electric block sport car 4 moves to and specifies parking stall also to locate, magnechuck 2 docks with a year vehicle frame sucking plate 5, carrying vehicle frame sucking plate 5 is circular steel plates, be welded on above coaster 7, after magnechuck 2 energising holds and carries vehicle frame sucking plate 5, anti-fall electromagnet 15 is energized adhesive moving downward, and the anti-fall hook 14 of band dynamic load vehicle frame upwards rotates and opens, and electric block sport car 4 carries by traction the vehicle frame that carries that coaster 7 and it suspend in midair by vehicle frame sucking plate 5 below and pulls out from parking space.
Coaster 7 is connected with a year vehicle frame by carrying car suspension gear 6, coaster 7 can rotate to carry centered by car suspension gear 6, when electric block sport car 4 extension pulley enters arc moving track 23, vehicle-containing 16 occurred level rotates, when vehicle-containing 16 horizontal rotary turn 90 degrees, carry vehicle frame and shift out from appointment parking space completely, now drive motors 8 drives lift platform 13 to decline, vehicle frame will be carried and drop to ground, and car can be entered or go out car.
Entering car or after going out car, needing to carry vehicle frame and transfer go back to former parking space, putting back to the operation of carrying vehicle frame is take out the inverse process carrying vehicle frame.