CN204404186U - A kind of inner chimney formula incinerator - Google Patents

A kind of inner chimney formula incinerator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204404186U
CN204404186U CN201420762133.8U CN201420762133U CN204404186U CN 204404186 U CN204404186 U CN 204404186U CN 201420762133 U CN201420762133 U CN 201420762133U CN 204404186 U CN204404186 U CN 204404186U
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Prior art keywords
heater
chimney
support
feed
arranges
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Withdrawn - After Issue
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CN201420762133.8U
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Chinese (zh)
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朱肖州
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朱肖州
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of inner chimney formula incinerator, comprises body of heater, combustion chamber, feed hopper, support and chimney; The top of body of heater arranges feed hopper, and the centre of body of heater arranges support, body of heater be configured to combustion chamber; The top of support is provided with chimney, and the lower end of chimney is located in feed hopper, and upper end is higher than feed hopper; Body of heater also comprises automatically for feed-tank, outer water pipe and water main; The automatic outside being arranged on body of heater for feed-tank; Water main is arranged on the middle part of support and chimney; The bottom of water main is communicated with automatically supplying feed-tank by outer water pipe, and the top of water main is communicated with endless tube of giving vent to anger.The utility model is provided with water main and inner conduit, and be communicated with for feed-tank with the automatic of outside, make in incineration firing process, define a large amount of steam, and fog is formed above body of heater, the dust settling of discharging outside chimney is extremely burned in body of heater, decreases the pollution of dust to environment, there is good economic benefit and environmental benefit.

Description

A kind of inner chimney formula incinerator
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of refuse disposal installation, especially relates to a kind of interior chimney formula incinerator.
Background technology
Along with the development of economy, the quantity that annual small towns house refuse produces also is multiplied.The traditional approach of garbage disposal makes construction refuse landfill, and rubbish is carried out landfill.But garbage loading embeading also exists many defects: one, build refuse landfill and occupy a large amount of soil, soil is non-renewable resource, and land resource is more nervous; Two, pollution is caused to environment, increase management cost; After entering refuse landfill owing to there being the material such as large amount of organic and battery, its poisonous percolate produced will bring severe contamination to soil and groundwater, consider from the angle of environmental protection, must set up that percolate from garbage filling field is impermeable, collection processing system implementing, this will improve technical difficulty, also increase investment simultaneously, landfill complicated operation, difficult management, in addition, the methane, hydrogen sulfide etc. of landfill yard are discarded also must be processed, to guarantee to reach explosion-proof and requirement that is environmental protection; Three, waste resource, a large amount of dumpings, in landfill yard, wherein has a matter and energy to be utilized, and which results in resource waste to a certain extent.Therefore, the processing mode of garbage loading embeading has been replaced gradually.
Compared with landfill disposal, waste incineration is a kind of processing method preferably.By burning, not only reduce the volume of rubbish, but also the heat that burning can be utilized to produce carries out heating homenergic and recycles, the lime-ash after burning can brickmaking.Traditional incinerator in use, rubbish is devoted on the fire grate in incinerator to carry out burning, but, when the rubbish on fire grate burns, the rubbish that new input is come in covers the rubbish burnt instantaneously, easily by spark extinguishing, causes in-furnace temperature unstable, waste incineration is insufficient, and waste incineration is insufficient just easily produces pernicious gas.
Meanwhile, component of refuse is complicated, and wherein various combustible has different character, and make rubbish in burning process, produce the phenomenons such as frit, clinker, sintering, combustion rate is low.Fuel gas in flue gas and the combustible in flying dust can not be burned completely, and final harmful substances in flue gas of discharging is more, contaminated environment.Rubbish burns insufficient sometimes, and incomplete combustion can produce black smoke, secondary pollution environment, simultaneously due to high temperature action make combustion furnace be oxidized fast, the life-span is low, and the heat that burning produces is not utilized yet.
Chinese patent CN2503360Y discloses a kind of environment protection garbage incineration device, be made up of body of heater, catalyst converter, deduster, spray thrower part, the body of heater of a charge door is had at least when it is characterized in that described incinerator, its air-introduced machine inlet end connects through leading taste suction pipe with garbage house space, sewage backflow pipe is had to be connected to garbage house and body of heater combustion zone, slit type cyclone dust collectors, its outlet flue end is connected with the catalyst converter of sorbing material, spray thrower has two, on mutual serial connection and flue gas flow channel, at spray thrower outlet flue, place is connected with cleaner.The dirt of refuse container chamber, sewage, dirty gas can be processed simultaneously, the heat of burning is utilized and heat supply, flue dust multistep treatment, and discharge meets environmental requirement.It is particularly suitable in treatment of!medical waste, but structure is comparatively complicated, and garbage disposal cost is higher.
Summary of the invention
For the deficiencies in the prior art, the utility model provides a kind of sufficient combustion, structure is simple, environmental pollution is little interior chimney formula incinerator.
For achieving the above object, the technical solution of the utility model is as follows:
A kind of inner chimney formula incinerator, comprises body of heater, combustion chamber, feed hopper, support and chimney; The top of described body of heater arranges feed hopper, and the centre of body of heater arranges support, body of heater be configured to combustion chamber, the bottom of body of heater and support arranges fire bars and swash plate; The top of described support is provided with chimney, and the lower end of chimney is located in feed hopper, and upper end is higher than feed hopper; Described bottom of furnace body arranges between fire bars and swash plate and is evenly provided with cover plate, and each cover plate is provided with ventilating opening, and cover plate forms ash hole; Described body of heater also comprises automatically for feed-tank, outer water pipe and water main; The described automatic outside being arranged on body of heater for feed-tank; Described water main is arranged on the middle part of support and chimney; The bottom of described water main is communicated with automatically supplying feed-tank by outer water pipe, and the top of water main is communicated with endless tube of giving vent to anger.
Above-described endless tube of giving vent to anger, around chimney upper end extenal fixation, evenly sets out gas port above endless tube of giving vent to anger.
Above-described inboard wall of furnace body surrounding is uniformly distributed peg; Described peg is the seamless steel pipe of hollow.
Above-described outer water pipe arranges 4-8 bar, and every bar outer water pipe is provided with 3-4 bar inner conduit, is provided with jack in the corresponding position of body of heater and peg, inner conduit by jack sleeve in peg; Described outer water pipe is evenly located at the outside of body of heater, and the two ends up and down of outer water pipe were provided with the mouth of a river, is connected to upper and lower the crossing on the mouth of a river of outer water pipe between two outer water pipes by tube connector.
Four sides on above-described water main is evenly provided with branching pipe, and branching pipe arranges 2-3 group.
Above-described automatic confession is provided with float control in feed-tank.
Above-described support is long caged, is to be welded by many vertical bar seamless steel pipes and the alternate certain distance of horizontal stripe seamless steel pipe.
Above-described fire bars be set to inclined or horizontal type.
Above-described body of heater is square tube shape or cylindrical shape, and lower end arranges fixed pedestal.
The above-described swash plate side of being taper or taper shape, fixed support on swash plate.
During use, the rubbish thrown in enters in body of heater by feed hopper, is supported on support or peg, then opens cover plate, ignites to rubbish igniting.Because support or peg support rubbish, by lower floor's spark extinguishing, thus can not ensure to continue in this body of heater to keep higher temperature, in this body of heater, there is stable thermal source, and sufficient combustion.Due to mid-stent water main and the inner conduit in peg all with automatically supply water tank and is formed and be communicated with, automatic confession feed-tank can to the inner conduit automatic water-supply in water main and peg, and moisture forms a large amount of steam through the heat that incineration firing produces.Water main extends chimney, and at endless tube place of giving vent to anger, have gas outlet to discharge, steam defines fog, thus is extremely burned in body of heater by the dust settling of discharging outside chimney, decreases the pollution of dust to environment.
Compared to prior art, the utility model has the following advantages and good effect:
1, the utility model is provided with water main and inner conduit, and is communicated with for feed-tank with the automatic of outside, makes in incineration firing process, define a large amount of steam, and fog is formed above body of heater, the dust settling of discharging outside chimney is extremely burned in body of heater, decreases the pollution of dust to environment.
2, chimney part of the present utility model is built in body of heater, not only makes incineration firing obtain more abundant, is more conducive to the sedimentation of dust.
3, the utility model arranges support for supporting the rubbish be devoted in this body of heater and peg in body of heater, prevent in burning process, can by lower floor's spark extinguishing during garbage throwing, ensure to continue in this body of heater to keep higher temperature, more effective oxygen supply simultaneously, by all kinds of material Thorough combustion in rubbish, combustion rate can be improved, and effectively can prevent the generation of pernicious gas.
4, the utility model is simple and reasonable, consumes energy low, reduces costs, and is adapted at the extensive promotion and application in rural area and small towns.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of embodiment 2.
Accompanying drawing identifies:
1-feed hopper, 2-body of heater, 3-peg, 4-outer water pipe, 5-inner conduit, 6-branching pipe, 7-cover plate, 8-swash plate, 9-water main, 10-support, 11-crosses the mouth of a river, and 12-supplies feed-tank automatically, 13-float control, 14-gives vent to anger endless tube, 15-gas outlet, 16-chimney, 17-fixed pedestal.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with specific embodiment, the utility model is described in further detail.
Embodiment 1:
A kind of inner chimney formula incinerator, comprises body of heater 2, combustion chamber, feed hopper 1, support 10 and chimney 16.Body of heater 2 is cylindrical shape.The top of body of heater 2 arranges feed hopper 1, and the centre of body of heater 2 arranges support 10, and support 10, in long caged, is be welded by many vertical bar seamless steel pipes and the alternate certain distance of horizontal stripe seamless steel pipe.Body of heater 2 and support 10 form combustion chamber, and body of heater 2 arranges fire bars and swash plate 8 with the bottom of support 10, described fire bars be set to inclined, swash plate 8 be taper shape, fixed support 10 on swash plate 8.The top of described support 10 is provided with chimney 16, and the lower end of chimney 16 is located in feed hopper 1, and upper end is higher than feed hopper 1.Arrange bottom body of heater 2 between fire bars and swash plate 8 and be evenly provided with cover plate 7, each cover plate 7 is provided with ventilating opening, and ventilating opening is provided with adjustment aerofoil, and cover plate 7 forms ash hole; Described body of heater 2 also comprises automatically for feed-tank 12, outer water pipe 4 and water main 9; The described automatic outside being arranged on body of heater 2 for feed-tank 12, described automatic confession is provided with float control 13 in feed-tank 12.Described water main 9 is arranged on the middle part of support 10 and chimney 16; The bottom of described water main 9 is communicated with automatically supplying feed-tank 12 by outer water pipe 4, and the top of water main 9 is communicated with endless tube 14 of giving vent to anger.Described endless tube 14 of giving vent to anger, around chimney 16 upper end extenal fixation, evenly sets out gas port 15 above endless tube 14 of giving vent to anger.Four sides on described water main 9 is evenly provided with branching pipe 6, and branching pipe 6 arranges 2 groups.Described body of heater 2 inwall surrounding is uniformly distributed peg 3; Described peg 3 is the seamless steel pipe of hollow.Described outer water pipe 4 arranges 4, and every bar outer water pipe 4 is provided with 3 inner conduits 5, is provided with jack at body of heater 2 and the corresponding position of peg 3, inner conduit 5 by jack sleeve in peg 3; Described outer water pipe 4 is evenly located at the outside of body of heater 2, and the two ends up and down of outer water pipe 4 were provided with between the outer water pipe 4 of 11, two, the mouth of a river and are connected to crossing on the mouth of a river 11 of outer water pipe about 4 by tube connector.
During use, the rubbish thrown in is entered in body of heater 2 by feed hopper 1, is supported on support 10 or peg 3, then opens cover plate 7, ignites to rubbish igniting.Because support 10 or peg 3 support rubbish, can not by lower floor's spark extinguishing, thus ensure to continue to keep higher temperature in this body of heater 2, in this body of heater, 2 have stable thermal source, and sufficient combustion.Be communicated with because the water main 5 in the middle part of support 10 and the inner conduit 5 in peg 3 are all formed with automatic confession feed-tank 12, the automatic feed-tank 12 that supplies can to inner conduit 6 automatic water-supply in water main 5 and peg 3, and moisture forms a large amount of steam through the heat that incineration firing produces.Water main 5 extends chimney 16, and at endless tube 14 place of giving vent to anger, have gas outlet 15 to discharge, steam defines fog, thus is extremely burned in body of heater by the dust settling of discharging outside chimney 16, decreases the pollution of dust to environment.
Embodiment 2:
A kind of inner chimney formula incinerator, comprises body of heater 2, combustion chamber, feed hopper 1, support 10 and chimney 16.Body of heater 2 is square tube shape, and lower end arranges fixed pedestal 17.The top of body of heater 2 arranges feed hopper 1, and the centre of body of heater 2 arranges support 10, and support 10, in long caged, is be welded by many vertical bar seamless steel pipes and the alternate certain distance of horizontal stripe seamless steel pipe.Body of heater 2 and support 10 form combustion chamber, and body of heater 2 arranges fire bars and swash plate 8 with the bottom of support 10, described fire bars be set to horizontal type, swash plate 8 side's of being taper, fixed support 10 on swash plate 8.The top of described support 10 is provided with chimney 16, and the lower end of chimney 16 is located in feed hopper 1, and upper end is higher than feed hopper 1.Arrange bottom body of heater 2 between fire bars and swash plate 8 and be evenly provided with cover plate 7, each cover plate 7 is provided with ventilating opening, and ventilating opening is provided with adjustment aerofoil, and cover plate 7 forms ash hole; Described body of heater 2 also comprises automatically for feed-tank 12, outer water pipe 4 and water main 9; The described automatic outside being arranged on body of heater 2 for feed-tank 12, described automatic confession is provided with float control 13 in feed-tank 12.Described water main 9 is arranged on the middle part of support 10 and chimney 16; The bottom of described water main 9 is communicated with automatically supplying feed-tank 12 by outer water pipe 4, and the top of water main 9 is communicated with endless tube 14 of giving vent to anger.Described endless tube 14 of giving vent to anger, around chimney 16 upper end extenal fixation, evenly sets out gas port 15 above endless tube 14 of giving vent to anger.Four sides on described water main 9 is evenly provided with branching pipe 6, and branching pipe 6 arranges 3 groups.Described body of heater 2 inwall surrounding is uniformly distributed peg 3; Described peg 3 is the seamless steel pipe of hollow.Described outer water pipe 4 arranges 8, and every bar outer water pipe 4 is provided with 4 inner conduits 5, is provided with jack at body of heater 2 and the corresponding position of peg 3, inner conduit 5 by jack sleeve in peg 3; Described outer water pipe 4 is evenly located at the outside of body of heater 2, and the two ends up and down of outer water pipe 4 were provided with between the outer water pipe 4 of 11, two, the mouth of a river and are connected to crossing on the mouth of a river 11 of outer water pipe about 4 by tube connector.
The using method of this embodiment is identical with embodiment 1.

Claims (10)

1. an inner chimney formula incinerator, comprises body of heater (2), combustion chamber, feed hopper (1), support (10) and chimney (16); It is characterized in that: the top of described body of heater (2) arranges feed hopper (1), the centre of body of heater (2) arranges support (10), and body of heater (2) and support (10) form combustion chamber, and body of heater (2) arranges fire bars and swash plate (8) with the bottom of support (10); The top of described support (10) is provided with chimney (16), and the lower end of chimney (16) is located in feed hopper (1), and upper end is higher than feed hopper (1); Described body of heater (2) bottom arranges between fire bars and swash plate (8) and is evenly provided with cover plate (7), and each cover plate (7) is provided with ventilating opening, and cover plate (7) forms ash hole; Described body of heater (2) also comprises automatically for feed-tank (12), outer water pipe (4) and water main (9); The described automatic outside being arranged on body of heater (2) for feed-tank (12); Described water main (9) is arranged on the middle part of support (10) and chimney (16); The bottom of described water main (9) is communicated with automatically supplying feed-tank (12) by outer water pipe (4), and the top of water main (9) is communicated with endless tube of giving vent to anger (14).
2. a kind of inner chimney formula incinerator according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described endless tube of giving vent to anger (14) is around chimney (16) upper end extenal fixation, and endless tube of giving vent to anger (14) top evenly sets out gas port (15).
3. a kind of inner chimney formula incinerator according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described body of heater (2) inwall surrounding is uniformly distributed peg (3); The seamless steel pipe that described peg (3) is hollow.
4. a kind of inner chimney formula incinerator according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described outer water pipe (4) arranges 4-8 bar, every bar outer water pipe (4) is provided with 3-4 bar inner conduit (5), be provided with jack in the corresponding position of body of heater (2) and peg (3), inner conduit (5) by jack sleeve in peg (3); Described outer water pipe (4) is evenly located at the outside of body of heater (2), and the two ends up and down of outer water pipe (4) were provided with the mouth of a river (11), is connected to upper and lower the crossing on the mouth of a river (11) of outer water pipe (4) between two outer water pipes (4) by tube connector.
5. a kind of inner chimney formula incinerator according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the four sides on described water main (9) is evenly provided with branching pipe (6), and branching pipe (6) arranges 2-3 group.
6. a kind of inner chimney formula incinerator according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described automatic confession is provided with float control (13) in feed-tank (12).
7. a kind of inner chimney formula incinerator according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described support (10), in long caged, is be welded by many vertical bar seamless steel pipes and the alternate certain distance of horizontal stripe seamless steel pipe.
8. a kind of inner chimney formula incinerator according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described fire bars be set to inclined or horizontal type.
9. a kind of inner chimney formula incinerator according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described body of heater (2) is square tube shape or cylindrical shape, and lower end arranges fixed pedestal (17).
10. a kind of inner chimney formula incinerator according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described swash plate (8) is square taper or taper shape, the upper fixed support (10) of swash plate (8).
CN201420762133.8U 2014-12-08 2014-12-08 A kind of inner chimney formula incinerator Withdrawn - After Issue CN204404186U (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104456572A (en) * 2014-12-08 2015-03-25 朱肖州 Garbage incinerator with built-in chimney
CN107890730A (en) * 2017-12-13 2018-04-10 林庆樵 A kind of waste incinerator high-temperature nano ion vapor dust treatment system

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104456572A (en) * 2014-12-08 2015-03-25 朱肖州 Garbage incinerator with built-in chimney
CN107890730A (en) * 2017-12-13 2018-04-10 林庆樵 A kind of waste incinerator high-temperature nano ion vapor dust treatment system

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AV01 Patent right actively abandoned

Granted publication date: 20150617

Effective date of abandoning: 20160914

C25 Abandonment of patent right or utility model to avoid double patenting