CN103742917B - A kind of burning is completely to the free of contamination consumer waste incineration device of air - Google Patents

A kind of burning is completely to the free of contamination consumer waste incineration device of air Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103742917B
CN103742917B CN201410004514.4A CN201410004514A CN103742917B CN 103742917 B CN103742917 B CN 103742917B CN 201410004514 A CN201410004514 A CN 201410004514A CN 103742917 B CN103742917 B CN 103742917B
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China
Prior art keywords
garbage
heating room
flue gas
communicated
fast cooling
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CN201410004514.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103742917A (en
Inventor
杨健
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桂林洁宇环保科技有限责任公司
杨健
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Priority to CN201410004514.4A priority Critical patent/CN103742917B/en
Publication of CN103742917A publication Critical patent/CN103742917A/en
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Publication of CN103742917B publication Critical patent/CN103742917B/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of burning completely to the free of contamination consumer waste incineration device of air, it is characterized in that: this device comprises garbage grab bucket, garbage incinerator body, air blast, garbage pre-heating room, flue gas fast cooling device, smoke filtration equipment and chimney, air blast is communicated with incinerator burner hearth, burner hearth is communicated with garbage pre-heating room, garbage pre-heating room is communicated with flue gas fast cooling device, and flue gas fast cooling device is communicated with smoke filtration equipment, chimney.This device can make incineration firing complete, can reduce generation and the discharge of dioxin significantly, pollution-free to air.In addition, structure is simple, small investment, and garbage pre-heating room is tilting, easy to operate, laborsaving, the process of county town, villages and small towns house refuse under very applicable present condition.

Description

A kind of burning is completely to the free of contamination consumer waste incineration device of air
Technical field
The present invention relates to domestic rubbish disposal, specifically a kind of burning is completely to the free of contamination consumer waste incineration device of air.
Background technology
The pollution of house refuse is a hard nut to crack, at present, the mode of small city, small towns, rural area many employings burning disposal rubbish, there is the incinerator of a lot of different structure, these incinerators mostly have a great defect, the secondary pollution being exactly flue gas is serious, the dioxin contamination of especially difficult decomposition, severe toxicity, and the designer of a lot of incinerator is basic does not just consider this problem.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to provide a kind of structure simple, small investment, ventilates, and burning completely, significantly can eliminate dioxin contamination, the consumer waste incineration device of suitable especially small city, small towns, rural area use.
The technical scheme realizing the object of the invention is:
A kind of burning is completely to the free of contamination consumer waste incineration device of air, comprise garbage grab bucket, garbage incinerator body, air blast, garbage pre-heating room, flue gas fast cooling device, smoke filtration equipment and chimney, air blast is communicated with incinerator burner hearth, burner hearth is communicated with garbage pre-heating room, garbage pre-heating room is communicated with flue gas fast cooling device, and flue gas fast cooling device is communicated with smoke filtration equipment, chimney.
Described incinerator comprises body of heater, fire bars and deslagging chamber, described body of heater adopts refractory brick to make, its periphery is provided with heat-insulation layer, and center of top is provided with rectangle garbage inlet and docks with the discharging opening of garbage pre-heating room, separately on the sidewall of body of heater, is provided with burning observation window; Described fire bars is placed in lower furnace portion, is divided into 3 layers from bottom to up, and nethermost one deck is interval, parallel, the close straight line putting arrangement is close puts fire bars, and the spacing of fire bars is 1-2cm, is deslagging chamber below it; Middle one deck is waveform fire grate, and the crest of fire grate and lower floor's fire bars are at a distance of 5-10cm, and the angle of crest can be right angle or obtuse angle, and the corrugated of waveform fire grate is provided with mesh, and mesh can be triangle, circle or polygon, and mesh area is 4-6cm 2; Most last layer is interval, parallel, rare rare fire bars of putting of straight line putting arrangement, and the spacing of fire bars is 2-4cm; All fire bars are all vertical with the long limit of garbage inlet.
Described garbage pre-heating room is tilting garbage pre-heating room, and its gradient is 35-50 °, and bottom is interval, straight line pipe draw runner arranged in parallel, the rubbish of garbage pre-heating room push mouth be provided with in over close the door, door is connected with the platform of heap garbage.The rubbish that this incinerator burns, through roughly selecting (removing the non-combustible matter such as brick, glass), before pushing garbage pre-heating room, rubbish spreads the white lime of 1-2%.
Described flue gas fast cooling device is tube-shaped column body, is provided with spiral flue and is communicated with smoke filtration equipment with tilting garbage pre-heating room in it, and spiral flue is outward the cooling water of flowing.
Described smoke filtration equipment adopts Ge Er membrane bag filter (produced in USA) and active carbon.
During work, first close the door over garbage pre-heating indoor and push combustion adjuvant, light a fire from deslagging chamber, then garbage grab bucket is caught rubbish on litter platform, push garbage pre-heating room from closing the door over interior in batches, after preheating, garbage inlet above burner hearth enters burner hearth, the rare waveform fire grate putting fire bars and middle level of the straight line falling into upper strata burns, and air blast starts air blast, and rubbish is burnt completely, flue gas is discharged to the spiral flue of flue gas fast cooling device through garbage pre-heating room, after the cooling water chilling of flowing, enter filter plant, finally, discharge through chimney.The filter residue excessively of slag and flue gas can be mixed cement and fix buried.
The advantage of this consumer waste incineration device is:
(1) fire bars is three layers, and built on stilts setting, has two air blast air blast, the oxygen content in burner hearth can be made greatly to improve, and rubbish is through preheating, rubbish conflagration can be made complete, make the temperature in stove reach more than 1000 DEG C, make dioxin cracking;
(2) be provided with flue gas fast cooling device, flue-gas temperature can be reduced fast, prevent dioxin from regenerating;
(3) be provided with the smoke filtration equipment of Ge Er membrane bag filter, dioxin can be tackled, be not discharged into aerial;
(4) in rubbish sprinkled with white lime, the sour gas in flue gas can be neutralized;
(5) this apparatus structure is simple, small investment, and garbage pre-heating room is tilting, easy to operate, laborsaving, the process of county town, villages and small towns house refuse under very applicable present condition.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of consumer waste incineration device of the present invention.
In figure: 1. rare mesh 6. air blast 7. straight line put on fire bars 5. waveform fire grate 5-1 waveform fire grate of body of heater 2. heat-insulation layer 3. garbage inlet 4. straight line is close puts 14. flue gas fast cooling device 14-1. spiral flue 14-2. cooling water 15. smoke filtration equipment 16. chimneys of closing the door in fire bars 8. deslagging chamber 9. burner hearth outlet flue 10. garbage pre-heating room 11. straight line pipe draw runner 12. litter platform 13..
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, apparatus of the present invention are further elaborated, but are not limitation of the invention.
Embodiment
A kind of burning is completely to the free of contamination consumer waste incineration device of air, comprise garbage grab bucket, garbage incinerator body 1, air blast 6, garbage pre-heating room 10, flue gas fast cooling device 14, smoke filtration equipment 15 and chimney 16, air blast 6 is communicated with the burner hearth of garbage incinerator body 1, burner hearth is communicated with garbage pre-heating room 10, garbage pre-heating room 10 is communicated with flue gas fast cooling device 14, flue gas fast cooling device 14 is communicated with smoke filtration equipment 15, and flue gas is discharged from chimney 16 after smoke filtration equipment 15 filters.
Described incinerator comprises body of heater 1, fire bars and deslagging chamber 8, and the volume of body of heater 1 is 5m 3, adopt refractory brick to make, body of heater 1 inner peripheral wall is provided with heat-insulation layer 2, is provided with rectangle garbage inlet 3 and docks with the discharging opening of garbage pre-heating room 10, separately on the sidewall of body of heater 1, be also provided with burning observation window in the center of top of body of heater 1.
Described fire bars 1 is divided into 3 layers from bottom to up, and nethermost one deck is interval, parallel, the close straight line putting arrangement is close puts fire bars 7, and the spacing of fire bars 7 is 1.5cm, is deslagging chamber 8 below it; Middle one deck is waveform fire grate 5, and the crest of fire grate 5 and lower floor's fire bars are at a distance of 8cm, and the angle of crest is obtuse angle, and the corrugated of waveform fire grate 5 is provided with mesh 5-1, and mesh 5-1 is circular, and its area is 4-6cm 2; Most last layer is the rare fire bars 4 of putting of straight line, and the spacing of fire bars 4 is 3cm; Fire bars 4,5,7 is all vertical with the long limit of garbage inlet 3.
Described garbage pre-heating room 10 is tilting garbage pre-heating room 10, and its gradient is 45 °, and bottom is the straight line pipe draw runner 11 at interval, the rubbish of garbage pre-heating room 10 push mouth be provided with in over close the door 13, door 13 is connected with litter platform 12.Preheating chamber 10 is connected with burner hearth outlet flue 9.The rubbish that this incinerator burns, through roughly selecting (removing the non-combustible matter such as brick, glass), before pushing garbage pre-heating room 10, rubbish spreads the white lime of 1-2%.
Described flue gas fast cooling device 14 is tube-shaped column body, is provided with spiral flue 14-1 in it, and flue is communicated with tilting garbage pre-heating room 10, and spiral flue 14-1 is outward the cooling water 14-2 of flowing.
Described smoke filtration equipment 15 is by Ge Er membrane bag filter produced in USA and active carbon, and smoke filtration equipment 15 is communicated with chimney 16.
During use, close the door over first in garbage pre-heating room 10 and 13 push combustion adjuvant, light a fire from deslagging chamber 8, then the rubbish sprinkled with white lime is caught on litter platform 12 by garbage grab bucket, 13 push garbage pre-heating room 10 from closing the door over interior in batches, after preheating, garbage inlet 3 above burner hearth enters burner hearth, the rare waveform fire grate 5 putting fire bars 4 and middle level of the straight line falling into upper strata, air blast 6 air blast, rubbish is burnt completely, flue gas is discharged to the spiral flue 14-1 of flue gas fast cooling device 14 through garbage pre-heating room 10, smoke filtration equipment 15 is entered after the cooling water 14-2 chilling of flowing, finally, discharge through chimney 16.The filter residue excessively of slag and flue gas can be mixed cement and fix buried.

Claims (3)

1. burning is completely to the free of contamination consumer waste incineration device of air, comprises incinerator body, chimney and garbage grab bucket, it is characterized in that: also comprise air blast, garbage pre-heating room, smoke filtration equipment, flue gas fast cooling device;
Described body of heater center of top is provided with rectangular garbage inlet and docks with the discharging opening of garbage pre-heating room, in three layers of fire bars that lower furnace portion is arranged, nethermost one deck is that spacing 1-2cm is parallel, the close straight line putting arrangement is close puts fire bars, middle one deck is waveform fire grate, and the crest of fire grate and lower floor's fire bars, at a distance of 5-10cm, the corrugated of waveform fire grate are provided with mesh, most last layer is that spacing 2-4cm is parallel, rare rare fire bars of putting of straight line putting arrangement;
Described air blast is 2;
Described garbage pre-heating room is tilting garbage pre-heating room, and its gradient is 35-50 °, and bottom is interval, straight line pipe draw runner arranged in parallel, the rubbish of garbage pre-heating room push mouth be provided with in over close the door, door is connected with litter platform;
Described flue gas fast cooling device is tube-shaped column body, is made up of the cooling water of spiral flue with the flowing be arranged on outside spiral flue;
Described smoke filtration equipment adopts Ge Er membrane bag filter;
Above-mentioned air blast is communicated with incinerator burner hearth, and burner hearth is communicated with garbage pre-heating room, and garbage pre-heating room is communicated with flue gas fast cooling device, and flue gas fast cooling device is communicated with smoke filtration equipment, chimney;
Its course of work is as follows:
First close the door over garbage pre-heating indoor and push combustion adjuvant, light a fire from deslagging chamber, then garbage grab bucket is caught rubbish on litter platform, push garbage pre-heating room from closing the door over interior in batches, after the pyrotechnics preheating of burner hearth, garbage inlet above burner hearth enters burner hearth, the rare waveform fire grate putting fire bars and middle level of the straight line falling into upper strata burns, air blast starts air blast, rubbish is burnt completely, and flue gas is discharged to the spiral flue of flue gas fast cooling device through garbage pre-heating room, after the cooling water chilling of flowing, enter filter plant, finally, discharge through chimney.
2. consumer waste incineration device according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the angle of the crest of described waveform fire grate is right angle or obtuse angle.
3. consumer waste incineration device according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that: the mesh of described waveform fire grate is triangle, circle or polygon, and mesh area is 4-6cm 2.
CN201410004514.4A 2014-01-06 2014-01-06 A kind of burning is completely to the free of contamination consumer waste incineration device of air CN103742917B (en)

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CN201410004514.4A CN103742917B (en) 2014-01-06 2014-01-06 A kind of burning is completely to the free of contamination consumer waste incineration device of air

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CN201410004514.4A CN103742917B (en) 2014-01-06 2014-01-06 A kind of burning is completely to the free of contamination consumer waste incineration device of air

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Families Citing this family (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103994457A (en) * 2014-05-13 2014-08-20 桂林洁宇环保科技有限责任公司 Flue gas cleaning device with flue gas quencher
CN106482160B (en) * 2016-12-08 2019-01-22 重庆华万伦生物新能源科技有限公司 A kind of wavy comb bio-fuel furnace
CN108443891B (en) * 2018-03-20 2020-11-17 安徽中源能环科技股份有限公司 High-efficiency environment-friendly household garbage incinerating device
CN109882848B (en) * 2019-03-01 2020-08-21 徐海军 Vibrations formula furnace chamber waste incinerator

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB921890A (en) * 1960-02-16 1963-03-27 L Von Roll Ag Improvements in or relating to refuse incinerators
US4080910A (en) * 1975-04-29 1978-03-28 Von Roll Ag Process for cooling the flue gases in waste material incineration plants without heat utilization
CN2245195Y (en) * 1996-02-17 1997-01-15 薛显堂 Energy-saving boiler with no-pressure screw flue
CN2398515Y (en) * 1999-08-19 2000-09-27 佛山市山水环保工程有限公司 Garbage furnace with manual supply
CN2462251Y (en) * 2001-01-18 2001-11-28 清华大学 Feeding and drying appts. for garbage burning equipment
CN102878563A (en) * 2012-09-12 2013-01-16 吕庆忠 Multi-drive high-pressure-loss fire grate type household garbage burning device
CN203671610U (en) * 2014-01-06 2014-06-25 桂林洁宇环保科技有限责任公司 Household garbage incinerator with zero pollution on atmosphere during burning

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB921890A (en) * 1960-02-16 1963-03-27 L Von Roll Ag Improvements in or relating to refuse incinerators
US4080910A (en) * 1975-04-29 1978-03-28 Von Roll Ag Process for cooling the flue gases in waste material incineration plants without heat utilization
CN2245195Y (en) * 1996-02-17 1997-01-15 薛显堂 Energy-saving boiler with no-pressure screw flue
CN2398515Y (en) * 1999-08-19 2000-09-27 佛山市山水环保工程有限公司 Garbage furnace with manual supply
CN2462251Y (en) * 2001-01-18 2001-11-28 清华大学 Feeding and drying appts. for garbage burning equipment
CN102878563A (en) * 2012-09-12 2013-01-16 吕庆忠 Multi-drive high-pressure-loss fire grate type household garbage burning device
CN203671610U (en) * 2014-01-06 2014-06-25 桂林洁宇环保科技有限责任公司 Household garbage incinerator with zero pollution on atmosphere during burning

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Effective date of registration: 20191120

Address after: 537300 Pingnan County, Guigang City, the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region

Patentee after: Pingnan County food and drug inspection and Testing Center

Address before: Xinyi Road Xiufeng District, Guilin city 541002 No. 1 the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region GUI Lake Garden

Co-patentee before: Yang Jian

Patentee before: The clean space environmental protection in Guilin science and technology limited Company

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