CN204187606U - Change type fire coal and gasification of biomass energy-saving, environmental protection boiler - Google Patents

Change type fire coal and gasification of biomass energy-saving, environmental protection boiler Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204187606U
CN204187606U CN201420654220.1U CN201420654220U CN204187606U CN 204187606 U CN204187606 U CN 204187606U CN 201420654220 U CN201420654220 U CN 201420654220U CN 204187606 U CN204187606 U CN 204187606U
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fire
ash
vaporizer
gasification
furnace
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CN201420654220.1U
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李文学
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李文学
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of change type fire coal and gasification of biomass energy-saving, environmental protection boiler, it comprises the ash-falling chamber of water jacket furnace and water jacket furnace bottom, is vaporizer, the first combustion chamber, the second combustion chamber and heat absorption district in water jacket furnace from top to bottom successively; Vaporizer is divided into left vaporizer and right vaporizer by fire-resistant furnace wall, fire-resistant furnace wall is arranged the wind distributing hole at some its tops of connection; Ash-falling chamber is separated into left ash-falling chamber and right ash-falling chamber by central dividing plate; Be provided with fire-resistant interlayer between first combustion chamber and the second combustion chamber, fire-resistant interlayer was provided with burner; The front side of left ash-falling chamber, right ash-falling chamber, left vaporizer, right vaporizer, the first combustion chamber and the second combustion chamber is all provided with fire door.The operation of two vaporizer reversible types realizes uninterrupted burning, has more sufficient vaporization time, gasification more abundant, is conducive to improving coal fuel heating efficiency, decreases flue gas pollutant discharge.

Description

Change type fire coal and gasification of biomass energy-saving, environmental protection boiler
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of boiler, particularly relates to a kind of change type fire coal and gasification of biomass energy-saving, environmental protection boiler.
Background technology
Coal-fired and biomass gasification boiler utilizes fuel under the condition of high temperature, and dry distillation reactor generates a kind of gasification boiler that fuel gas principle design manufactures.It is more abundant that it has burning, and the advantages such as the thermal efficiency is high, and smoke emissioning pollution is little are a kind of energy-saving, environmental protection boilers of widely praising highly in recent years.
The gasification boiler of prior art, generally all comprises a vaporizer, one or two combustion chamber, heat absorption district and blowing system.It adds fuel from the top of vaporizer, and start gasification, and combustion at bottom, fuel gas is discharged from bottom and entered combustion chamber oxy combustion, and ashes are discharged successively from bottom.Its shortcoming is: boiler structure is complicated, needs constantly to add fuel and ash disposal, uses inconvenience; Also there is the shortcomings such as air distribution structure is unreasonable, and the thermal efficiency is low in addition.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of change type fire coal and gasification of biomass energy-saving, environmental protection boiler, and it is simple and reasonable, energy-conserving and environment-protective, easy to use.
The purpose of this utility model is achieved in that a kind of change type fire coal and gasification of biomass energy-saving, environmental protection boiler, it comprises the ash-falling chamber of water jacket furnace and water jacket furnace bottom, it is characterized in that: be vaporizer, the first combustion chamber, the second combustion chamber and heat absorption district from top to bottom successively in water jacket furnace; Vaporizer is divided into left vaporizer and right vaporizer by fire-resistant furnace wall, fire-resistant furnace wall is arranged the wind distributing hole at some its tops of connection; Ash-falling chamber is separated into left ash-falling chamber and right ash-falling chamber by central dividing plate, arranges left fire grate between left ash-falling chamber and left vaporizer, arranges right fire grate between right ash-falling chamber and right vaporizer; Be provided with fire-resistant interlayer between first combustion chamber and the second combustion chamber, fire-resistant interlayer was provided with burner; Left ash disposal air distribution fire door and right ash disposal air distribution fire door is respectively equipped with on front side of left ash-falling chamber and right ash-falling chamber, the front side of left vaporizer and right vaporizer is respectively equipped with left igniting scarfing cinder fire door and right igniting scarfing cinder fire door, the front side of the first combustion chamber is provided with left stoking fire door and right stoking fire door, is provided with sight furnace door on front side of the second combustion chamber.
Further, described fire-resistant furnace wall is the fire-resistant furnace wall of middle duct-ventilated reverse U shape, and refractory-lined ovens coping arranges some wind distributing holes of some connection ventilating ducts, and in the front side of water jacket furnace, corresponding ventilating duct position is provided with air distribution door.
Further, sight furnace door, left stoking fire door, right stoking fire door, left ash disposal air distribution fire door and right ash disposal air distribution fire door are all provided with air register.
Further, described fire-resistant interlayer inside arranges the heat-absorbing water pipe of some connection water jackets.
Further, described inside, heat absorption district arranges the heat-absorbing water pipe of some connection water jackets, arranges the engine firewall that a piece extends fireworks channel in the side of outlet flue.
Further, arrange at heat-absorbing water pipe inclination 5 ~ 15 degree of angles of heat absorption inside, district.
Further, 1 ~ 2 deashing inspection socket is set in the side in heat absorption district.
Further, it also comprises desulfurization dust-removal system.
The utility model compared to the prior art its advantage is:
1, its vaporizer is divided into left vaporizer and right vaporizer by fire-resistant furnace wall, this design can realize left vaporizer and the operation of right vaporizer change type, a vaporizer is closed its ash disposal air distribution fire door and is carried out gasification of smouldering, another vaporizer completes dehydration through smouldering after a while, the destructive distillation chemical reactions such as pyrolysis also start aerogenesis, open ash disposal air distribution fire door and carry out gasification, and combustion, when this vaporizer fire coal or biomass gasification fired be over after, add coal-fired or living beings by stoking fire door and close ash disposal air distribution fire door and to smoulder gasification, at this moment another vaporizer gasification, and combustion is converted to again.The operation of two vaporizer change types can realize uninterrupted burning, has more sufficient vaporization time, gasification more abundant, is conducive to improving the thermal efficiency, decreases the discharge of flue gas pollutant, more energy-conserving and environment-protective.
2, between left vaporizer and right vaporizer, be provided with fire-resistant furnace wall, fire-resistant furnace wall upper end arranges some wind distributing holes, is conducive to fully mixing of fuel gas and air, air distribution structure is reasonable, realize the Thorough combustion of fuel gas, improve the thermal efficiency, reduce flue gas pollutant discharge.
3, the fuel gas produced through gasification directly escapes and enter the first combustion chamber from the top of vaporizer, and burning in aerogenesis limit, limit, does not have a large amount of coal gas to assemble, can not blast, safe and reliable.
4, the burner hearth of two vaporizers is all very large, and it can do fuel with fire coal, changes and can use biomass as fuel, is adapted at vast rural residence houses and surrounding city is applied.
On the whole it have that reasonable in design, the thermal efficiency are high, energy-conserving and environment-protective, feature easy to use.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the utility model change type fire coal and gasification of biomass energy-saving, environmental protection boiler perspective view;
Fig. 2 is the perspective view that the utility model change type fire coal and gasification of biomass energy-saving, environmental protection boiler leading flank cut open.
In figure: 1-water jacket furnace, 2-first combustion chamber, 3-second combustion chamber, 4-absorbs heat district, the fire-resistant furnace wall of 5-, the left vaporizer of 6-, the right vaporizer of 7-, 8-wind distributing hole, 9-central dividing plate, the left ash-falling chamber of 10-, the right ash-falling chamber of 11-, the left fire grate of 12-, the right fire grate of 13-, the fire-resistant interlayer of 14-, 15-crosses burner, 16-left ash disposal air distribution fire door, 17-right ash disposal air distribution fire door, 18-left igniting scarfing cinder fire door, 19-right igniting scarfing cinder fire door, the left stoking fire door of 20-, the right stoking fire door of 21-, 22-sees furnace door, 23-air distribution door, 24-air register, 25-heat-absorbing water pipe, 26-engine firewall, 27-deashing inspection socket, 28-desulfurization dust-removal system.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the utility model is described in detail.
A kind of change type fire coal and gasification of biomass energy-saving, environmental protection boiler, it comprises the ash-falling chamber of water jacket furnace 1 and water jacket furnace bottom, is vaporizer, the first combustion chamber 3, combustion chamber 2, second and heat absorption district 4 in water jacket furnace 1 from top to bottom successively; Vaporizer is divided into left vaporizer 6 and right vaporizer 7 by the fire-resistant furnace wall of the duct-ventilated reverse U shape in centre 5, and the top of fire-resistant furnace wall 5 arranges some wind distributing holes 8 of some connection ventilating ducts, and in the front side of water jacket furnace 1, corresponding ventilating duct position is provided with air distribution door 23; Ash-falling chamber is separated into left ash-falling chamber 10 and right ash-falling chamber 11 by central dividing plate 9, arranges left fire grate 12 between left ash-falling chamber 10 and left vaporizer 6, arranges right fire grate 13 between right ash-falling chamber 11 and right vaporizer 7; Be provided with fire-resistant interlayer 14 between first combustion chamber 2 and the second combustion chamber 3, fire-resistant interlayer 14 was provided with burner 15, and fire-resistant interlayer 14 inside arranges the heat-absorbing water pipe of some connection water jackets; Left ash disposal air distribution fire door 16 and right ash disposal air distribution fire door 17 is respectively equipped with on front side of left ash-falling chamber 10 and right ash-falling chamber 11, the front side of left vaporizer 6 and right vaporizer 7 is respectively equipped with left igniting scarfing cinder fire door 18 and right igniting scarfing cinder fire door 19, the front side of the first combustion chamber 2 is provided with on front side of left stoking fire door 20 and right stoking fire door 21, second combustion chamber 3 and is provided with sight furnace door 22; Sight furnace door 22, left stoking fire door 20, right stoking fire door 21, left ash disposal air distribution fire door 16 and right ash disposal air distribution fire door 17 are all provided with air register 24; Described inside, heat absorption district 4 arranges the heat-absorbing water pipe 25 of some connection water jackets, arranges the engine firewall 26 that a piece extends fireworks channel in the side of outlet flue; Arrange at heat-absorbing water pipe inclination 8 degree of angles of heat absorption inside, district; In the front side in heat absorption district 4, two deashing inspection sockets 27 are set; It also comprises desulfurization dust-removal system 28.

Claims (8)

1. change type fire coal and a gasification of biomass energy-saving, environmental protection boiler, it comprises the ash-falling chamber of water jacket furnace and water jacket furnace bottom, it is characterized in that: be vaporizer, the first combustion chamber, the second combustion chamber and heat absorption district from top to bottom successively in water jacket furnace; Vaporizer is divided into left vaporizer and right vaporizer by fire-resistant furnace wall, fire-resistant furnace wall is arranged the wind distributing hole at some its tops of connection; Ash-falling chamber is separated into left ash-falling chamber and right ash-falling chamber by central dividing plate, arranges left fire grate between left ash-falling chamber and left vaporizer, arranges right fire grate between right ash-falling chamber and right vaporizer; Be provided with fire-resistant interlayer between first combustion chamber and the second combustion chamber, fire-resistant interlayer was provided with burner; Left ash disposal air distribution fire door and right ash disposal air distribution fire door is respectively equipped with on front side of left ash-falling chamber and right ash-falling chamber, the front side of left vaporizer and right vaporizer is respectively equipped with left igniting scarfing cinder fire door and right igniting scarfing cinder fire door, the front side of the first combustion chamber is provided with left stoking fire door and right stoking fire door, is provided with sight furnace door on front side of the second combustion chamber.
2. change type fire coal according to claim 1 and gasification of biomass energy-saving, environmental protection boiler, it is characterized in that: described fire-resistant furnace wall is the fire-resistant furnace wall of middle duct-ventilated reverse U shape, refractory-lined ovens coping arranges some wind distributing holes of some connection ventilating ducts, and in the front side of water jacket furnace, corresponding ventilating duct position is provided with air distribution door.
3. change type fire coal according to claim 1 and 2 and gasification of biomass energy-saving, environmental protection boiler, is characterized in that: on sight furnace door, left stoking fire door, right stoking fire door, left ash disposal air distribution fire door and right ash disposal air distribution fire door, be all provided with air register.
4. change type fire coal according to claim 2 and gasification of biomass energy-saving, environmental protection boiler, is characterized in that: described fire-resistant interlayer inside arranges the heat-absorbing water pipe of some connection water jackets.
5. change type fire coal according to claim 4 and gasification of biomass energy-saving, environmental protection boiler, is characterized in that: described inside, heat absorption district arranges the heat-absorbing water pipe of some connection water jackets, arranges the engine firewall that a piece extends fireworks channel in the side of outlet flue.
6. change type fire coal according to claim 5 and gasification of biomass energy-saving, environmental protection boiler, is characterized in that: arrange at heat-absorbing water pipe inclination 5 ~ 15 degree of angles of heat absorption inside, district.
7. change type fire coal according to claim 6 and gasification of biomass energy-saving, environmental protection boiler, is characterized in that: arrange 1 ~ 2 deashing inspection socket in the side in heat absorption district.
8. change type fire coal according to claim 3 and gasification of biomass energy-saving, environmental protection boiler, is characterized in that: it also comprises desulfurization dust-removal system.
CN201420654220.1U 2014-10-30 2014-10-30 Change type fire coal and gasification of biomass energy-saving, environmental protection boiler Withdrawn - After Issue CN204187606U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420654220.1U CN204187606U (en) 2014-10-30 2014-10-30 Change type fire coal and gasification of biomass energy-saving, environmental protection boiler

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420654220.1U CN204187606U (en) 2014-10-30 2014-10-30 Change type fire coal and gasification of biomass energy-saving, environmental protection boiler

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN204187606U true CN204187606U (en) 2015-03-04

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104390209A (en) * 2014-10-30 2015-03-04 李文学 Switching type fire coal and biomass gasifying energy-saving environment-friendly boiler
CN109737381A (en) * 2019-01-09 2019-05-10 安徽金联地矿科技有限公司 Combustion furnace based on biomass resource comprehensive utilization

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104390209A (en) * 2014-10-30 2015-03-04 李文学 Switching type fire coal and biomass gasifying energy-saving environment-friendly boiler
CN104390209B (en) * 2014-10-30 2017-05-03 李文学 Switching type fire coal and biomass gasifying energy-saving environment-friendly boiler
CN109737381A (en) * 2019-01-09 2019-05-10 安徽金联地矿科技有限公司 Combustion furnace based on biomass resource comprehensive utilization

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Granted publication date: 20150304

Effective date of abandoning: 20170503