CN206755182U - Spiral-flow type incinerator - Google Patents

Spiral-flow type incinerator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206755182U
CN206755182U CN201720475607.4U CN201720475607U CN206755182U CN 206755182 U CN206755182 U CN 206755182U CN 201720475607 U CN201720475607 U CN 201720475607U CN 206755182 U CN206755182 U CN 206755182U
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China
Prior art keywords
air duct
mentioned
air
main chamber
heat collector
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Application number
CN201720475607.4U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
于志永
刘智东
乌杰明
代浩岩
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Guangxi Shuangjing Environmental Protection Technology Co.,Ltd.
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于志永
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Priority to CN201720475607.4U priority Critical patent/CN206755182U/en
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Abstract

A kind of spiral-flow type incinerator, it is by shell, heat-insulation layer(4), flame retardant coating, main chamber(1), secondary combustion chamber(13), normal temperature air distribution device, high temperature air distribution device, heat collector form;Two inner furnace walls are set in main chamber(7), fire grate is set between two inner furnace walls(9), the oblique jet orifice of a row is set respectively on two inner furnace walls(6);By being passed through the injection air duct for high temperature air distribution outside stove outside above-mentioned jet orifice(5);In main chamber(1)Top both sides set oblique guiding air duct respectively(2), the internal orifice direction of above-mentioned guiding air duct is correspondingly tempered window(15), convolution air compartment is formed between inner furnace wall top and flame retardant coating(11), the room is with being tempered window(15)Connection, top exhaust opening, which connects, states heat collector.The present apparatus is by changing air feed direction simultaneously while for the hot blast of recovery, making flame transverse rotation in burner hearth, form two recirculating zones, in the presence of swirling eddy, improve ignition temperature and combustion efficiency.

Description

Spiral-flow type incinerator
Technical field
A kind of incinerator is the utility model is related to, specifically burns the rotation of the new combustion system of use of low heat value material Streaming incinerator.
Background technology
Traditional incinerator power consumption is high, and for human body cremate, animal is incinerated, municipal garbage burns, medical refuse burning, dirty Mud burning etc., ignition temperature is low, and burning velocity is slow, it is impossible to which fully burning, generation pernicious gas is more, and discharge gas does not reach mark It is accurate.Particularly current rubbish is not classified, and overall moisture content is big, and calorific value is low, does not reach burning condition, is with traditional combustion method It is difficult to burn, and reach discharge standard.
The content of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of spiral-flow type incinerator, and it is to change traditional air feed direction, is made in stove Flame rotated in burner hearth, and provide circulating air, improve temperature of charge, make increased flame speeds, and then energy-saving and emission-reduction.
The technical solution of the utility model is as follows:
A kind of spiral-flow type incinerator, it is by shell, heat-insulation layer, flame retardant coating, main chamber, secondary combustion chamber, normal temperature air distribution Device, high temperature air distribution device, heat collector, fuel oil supply system are formed;It is hogging above above-mentioned main chamber, is two in hogging Secondary combustion chamber;Two inner furnace walls are set in above-mentioned main chamber, fire grate is set between two inner furnace walls, are grey room under fire grate, on two inner furnace walls The oblique jet orifice of a row is set respectively, and above-mentioned two discharges discharge orifice is vertically symmetrical;By being passed through outside stove outside above-mentioned jet orifice Injection air duct, the air duct is corresponding with above-mentioned jet orifice direction, and the injection air duct is above-mentioned high temperature air distribution device;In main combustion Burn room top both sides and set oblique guiding air duct respectively, it is normal temperature air distribution device, and left and right is oriented to air duct not in same water In plane, the internal orifice direction of above-mentioned guiding air duct is correspondingly tempered window, and convolution wind is formed between inner furnace wall top and flame retardant coating Room, the room connect with tempering window, and in hogging side, main combustion chamber outlet main chamber connects with secondary combustion chamber, secondary combustion chamber It is exhaust opening above, exhaust opening, which connects, states heat collector, and the hot-blast outlet of heat collector, which connects, states high temperature air distribution device.
Oblique jet orifice set by above-mentioned two inner furnace wall, its exit orifice aperture are more than endoporus aperture.
The structure of above-mentioned heat collector be lower end through flange platoon mouth, it sets windband, and windband is provided with normal temperature wind inlet, windband Even warm-air pipe, the pipe hot-blast outlet connect injection air duct through jet air-valve.
The utility model has the advantage of:1st, present apparatus normal temperature air feed uses oblique air supply mode, and wind is supplied into convolution Air compartment, simultaneously because air feed flow velocity is fast, main combustion chamber is produced negative pressure, flue gas, flame in the presence of negative pressure injection to the wind that circles round Room 11, secondary mixing is carried out in convolution air compartment, remake and used by combustion things through oblique jet orifice 6, to reach with by combustion things Flame reburns by the purpose of combustion things.Flame is set laterally to be revolved in burner hearth by changing the direction of burning wind and angle in supply stove Turn, form two recirculating zones, in the presence of swirling eddy, flue gas mixes and improves combustion efficiency very well with air.2nd, with collection The energy recovery that hot device discharges exhaust opening, then added to through injection air duct 5 in stove, increase ignition temperature, burning velocity Accelerate, and then improve low heat value by combustion things matter combustion intensity and the stability of flame.Make burning abundant, reach discharge standard, together When reduce burn cost.3rd, spiral-flow type, which is burned, is burnt downwards from surface of material, and the hot blast of heat collector supply passes through jet air feed Hot blast is applied directly on the surface by combustion things by pipe 5, so hot blast loss is small, and is reduced thermic load of the hot blast to fire grate, is made Fire grate long lifespan.4th, the hot blast that this spiral-flow type incinerator is supplied is high-pressure hot wind, its burning velocity it is fast, slowly can be by regulation high pressure The pressure of hot blast is just realized.The present apparatus is suitable for the burning of all low calorie fuels.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the utility model embodiment cross-sectional view;
Fig. 2 is Fig. 1 A-A direction views;
Fig. 3 is heat collector cross-sectional view.
Embodiment
The utility model is described in further detail below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
In Fig. 1~3,1, main chamber;2nd, it is oriented to air duct;3rd, hogging;4th, heat-insulation layer;5th, injection air duct;6th, jet Hole;7th, inner furnace wall;8th, grey room;9th, fire grate;10th, furnace wall;11st, circle round air compartment;12nd, exhaust opening;13rd, secondary combustion chamber;14th, on stove Arch;15th, it is tempered window;16th, refractory wall;17th, oil gun;18th, rear furnace wall;19th, smoke elimination air holes;20th, preceding smoke elimination air holes;21st, forehearth Wall;22nd, big fire door;23rd, small fire door;24th, ash door;25th, vent is seen;26th, flange base;27th, main combustion chamber exports;28th, normal temperature wind Import;29th, windband;30th, warm-air pipe;31st, heat collector hot-blast outlet.
By Fig. 1~3 it can be seen that the structure of the present apparatus, this spiral-flow type incinerator by it is outer and in for shell, heat-insulation layer 4 and resistance to Fire bed, stove arch 14 is flame retardant coating top, and bottom is refractory wall 16;Main chamber 1 is above hogging 3, is secondary combustion in hogging Burn room 13;Two inner furnace walls 7 are set in above-mentioned main chamber, fire grate 9 is set between two inner furnace walls, are that grey room 8,24 is ash door under fire grate. The oblique jet orifice 6 of a row is set on two inner furnace walls respectively, above-mentioned two discharges discharge orifice 6 is vertically symmetrical;With it is above-mentioned oblique The direction of jet orifice 6 is corresponding, and respectively by being passed through injection air duct 5 outside stove on the outside of jet orifice, the injection air duct is to supply high warm air; Main chamber top both sides set oblique guiding air duct 2 respectively, and left and right is oriented to air duct 2 not in one plane, so that for Wind energy reaches respective tempering window 15, is oriented to air duct 2 and connects guide air valve, for normal temperature wind, the internal orifice of above-mentioned guiding air duct Direction is correspondingly tempered window 15.Convolution air compartment 11 is formed between the top of inner furnace wall 7 and flame retardant coating 16, the room connects with tempering window 15 Logical, in hogging side, main combustion chamber exports 27 main chambers and connected with secondary combustion chamber, is exhaust opening 12 above secondary combustion chamber, row Mouth connects the heat collector stated through flange, and 26 be flange base, and heat collector hot-blast outlet 31, which connects, states high temperature air distribution device.
Seen by Fig. 1, Fig. 2, two inner furnace walls set 3 oblique jet orifices 6 respectively, and its exit orifice aperture is more than endoporus aperture. 17 be oil gun, and 18 be rear furnace wall, and 21 be preceding furnace wall, and smoke elimination air holes 20,19 is another group of smoke elimination air holes before being set on preceding furnace wall;25 To see vent.
The structure of heat collector is seen by Fig. 3, its lower end is through flange platoon mouth 12, and it sets windband 29, and windband is provided with normal Warm air import 28, this mouthful of wind-connector, windband connect warm-air pipe 30, and the pipe hot-blast outlet is heat collector hot-blast outlet 31 through jet air-valve Even injection air duct 5.
The running of this stove:Open big fire door 22 and install the rubbish material fired and shut fire door, press power supply and watch the instruments Normally, blower fan is opened, then opens oil gun air-valve, burner is put, makes burner normal work, burner is lighted material and fired Burn, now reconcile smoke elimination air-valve, flue gas is reached discharge standard, it is micro- to open guide air valve and jet air-valve, make the guiding of both sides Air duct 2 and injection air duct 5 have a small amount of wind to carry out maintaining convolution burning, and the lasting furnace temperature with burning is constantly raising, When heat collector is to more than 400 DEG C, the jet air-valve of injection air duct 5 is opened, increases blast, the high-temperature hot-air of ejection is circling round In air compartment 11, with combustible fumes mixed combustion, injected directly on through left and right jet orifice 6 on the material fired, carry out overheavy firing, The speed of burning velocity can adjust the blast height of injection air duct 5, at this moment under running status, closes fuel tap fuel cut-off, makes Stove maintains self-burning, when needing to add the rubbish thing being incinerated in stove, can open small fire door 23 and add.Left and right is oriented to air feed The air feed pressure of pipe 2 makes main chamber produce negative pressure, and the flame in main chamber is guided into tempering window 15, into convolution air compartment 11 by left and right jet orifice 6 after the reaction of high temp jet wind with spraying into material in stove;Each arrow represents flame, flue gas and heat in Fig. 1 The direction of wind, thus transverse rotation, forms two recirculating zones.

Claims (3)

  1. A kind of 1. spiral-flow type incinerator, it is characterised in that:It is by shell, heat-insulation layer(4), flame retardant coating, main chamber(1), it is secondary Combustion chamber(13), normal temperature air distribution device, high temperature air distribution device, heat collector, fuel oil supply system form;On above-mentioned main chamber Face is hogging(3), it is secondary combustion chamber in hogging(13);Two inner furnace walls are set in above-mentioned main chamber(7), set between two inner furnace walls Fire grate(9), it is grey room under fire grate(8), the oblique jet orifice of a row is set respectively on two inner furnace walls(6), above-mentioned two discharges discharge orifice edge Vertical direction is symmetrical;By being passed through injection air duct outside stove outside above-mentioned jet orifice(5), the air duct and above-mentioned jet orifice direction pair Should, the injection air duct(5)It is above-mentioned high temperature air distribution device;In main chamber(1)Top both sides set oblique guiding and supplied respectively Airduct(2), it is normal temperature air distribution device, and left and right is oriented to air duct not in same level, the internal orifice of above-mentioned guiding air duct Direction is correspondingly tempered window(15), convolution air compartment is formed between inner furnace wall top and flame retardant coating(11), the room is with being tempered window (15)Connection, in hogging(3)Side main combustion chamber outlet(27)Place's main chamber connects with secondary combustion chamber, above secondary combustion chamber For exhaust opening(12), exhaust opening, which connects, states heat collector, the hot-blast outlet of heat collector(31)Connect and state high temperature air distribution device.
  2. 2. spiral-flow type incinerator according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Oblique jet set by its two inner furnace walls Hole(6), its exit orifice aperture is more than endoporus aperture.
  3. 3. spiral-flow type incinerator according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The structure of its heat collector is lower end through flange Platoon mouth(12), it sets windband(29), windband is provided with normal temperature wind inlet(28), windband connects warm-air pipe(30), the pipe hot blast goes out Mouthful(31)Connect injection air duct through jet air-valve(5).
CN201720475607.4U 2017-05-02 2017-05-02 Spiral-flow type incinerator Active CN206755182U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201720475607.4U CN206755182U (en) 2017-05-02 2017-05-02 Spiral-flow type incinerator

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201720475607.4U CN206755182U (en) 2017-05-02 2017-05-02 Spiral-flow type incinerator

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN206755182U true CN206755182U (en) 2017-12-15

Family

ID=60616027

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201720475607.4U Active CN206755182U (en) 2017-05-02 2017-05-02 Spiral-flow type incinerator

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN206755182U (en)

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GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant
TR01 Transfer of patent right
TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20200723

Address after: Yonghua Industrial Zone, Qingshan Town, Lipu City, Guilin City, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region

Patentee after: Guilin future environmental protection technology Co., Ltd

Address before: 024200 the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region Chifeng city Liucun Ningcheng County, 1 groups of Han Qi

Patentee before: Yu Zhiyong

TR01 Transfer of patent right
TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20210607

Address after: 546600 No.51 Shayuan Road, Luoyuan community, Licheng Town, Lipu County, Guilin City, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region

Patentee after: Guangxi Shuangjing Environmental Protection Technology Co.,Ltd.

Address before: 546600 Yonghua Industrial Zone, Qingshan Town, Lipu City, Guilin City, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region

Patentee before: Guilin future environmental protection technology Co., Ltd