CN202012948U - Three-return counter heating type biomass super-thermal-conductive semi-gasification furnace - Google Patents

Three-return counter heating type biomass super-thermal-conductive semi-gasification furnace Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202012948U
CN202012948U CN2010201788669U CN201020178866U CN202012948U CN 202012948 U CN202012948 U CN 202012948U CN 2010201788669 U CN2010201788669 U CN 2010201788669U CN 201020178866 U CN201020178866 U CN 201020178866U CN 202012948 U CN202012948 U CN 202012948U
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China
Prior art keywords
combustion chamber
burning
type biomass
stove
plate
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN2010201788669U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
高云书
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BEIJING BRIDGECOM SE Co Ltd
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BEIJING BRIDGECOM SE Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P20/00Technologies relating to chemical industry
    • Y02P20/10Process efficiency

Abstract

The utility model belongs to the domestic three-return counter heating type biomass super-thermal-conductive semi-gasification furnace in rural areas, relating to rural energy development and utilization technology and being suitable for novel stoves for domestic cooking, warming, bathing and heating of a heatable brick bed. The stove comprises a material storage chamber 1, a combustion chamber 2, a front counter heating plate 3, an air vent 4, an air duct 5, a fire grate 6, a fuel sliding plate 7, a rear counter heating plate 8, a flame sealing cover 9, an iron pipe 10, a flue 11, a super-thermal-conductive heat pipe 12, a chimney 13 (or a heatable brick opening 13), a combustion chamber furnace cover 14, a material storage chamber cover 15 and an ash bucket 16. The stove has the advantages as follows: 1) heating effect is excellent, a stove body has a water jacket and is provided with a deflection heat absorbing plate, so the stove body is large in heating area and can save more than 60% of energy in comparison with a common stove under the same condition; 2) energy is saved and environment is protected, and in the aspect of a combustion method, the stove is based on the principle of supplying air from top to bottom primarily and supplying air from bottom secondarily, so that oxygen supply is sufficient, flames move downwards for counter heating, volatile components in flue gas are combusted sufficiently by being heated by the counter heating plates, bright yellow flames at a very high temperature are formed, and the chimney does not smoke upwards, the flue gas is deflected twice in the deflection heat absorbing plate and then discharged by the chimney, a super-thermal-conductive heat pipe which is capable of absorbing residual heat effectively is arranged in the chimney, thus reducing the waste of lots of heat energy; 3) the operation is simple and convenient, and direct switching can be performed between warming and cooking.

Description

The hot half-gasification oven of three backhaul counter-burning type biomass superconductives
Technical field:
The present invention relates to the hot half-gasification oven of three backhaul counter-burning type biomass superconductives that a kind of northern area is used for aspects such as rural area heating, cooking, logical a heatable brick bed and bathing, belong to the civil heating technical field.
Background technology:
At present, the cooking heating furnace that use the rural area mainly is main fuel with bituminous coal and anthracite etc., this cooking heating furnace mainly is made up of parts such as body of heater, water jacket, fire grate, burner hearth, chimneys, mainly, adopt combustion system from bottom to top, adopt this combustion system from the fire grate oxygen supply, the fuel that adds and the coal ash of generation will stop up the oxygen supply passage, fuel combustion is insufficient, makes some fuel gas directly arrange to atmosphere, has not only wasted the energy but also polluted environment.Find that by on-site inspection existing cooking and heating furnace mainly is to have following defective: 1, fuel combustion is insufficient.Produce tar when 2, burning.3, fire-sealing time is short.4, expend the energy.5, the chimney utilization rate of waste heat is low.6, indoor temperature rises slow.
Summary of the invention:
Purpose of the present invention is exactly to change the existing rural area defective that the used cooking stove of heating exists of cooking, under the preceding topic of energy savings, provide a kind of hot half-gasification oven of three backhaul counter-burning type biomass superconductives rational in infrastructure, easy to use, sanitation and hygiene, multi-use when burning.
Problem solved by the invention is achieved through the following technical solutions:
Structure at first of the present invention comprises what several main parts such as body of heater, combustion chamber, storage compartment, heat-insulation layer, water jacket, super heat-conductive pipe, hot-water heating mouth, smoke tube mouth constituted.Its improvement is: 1) four oxygen supply burning is respectively to give wind twice before fire door, and wind is given twice in the furnace side, and behind the air intake, below water tank, in the burner hearth, there are two row's air inlets at the flame middle part, 3 gasifications of last row holes, 4 of next rows holes of gasifying; 2) with storage compartment and combustion chamber separately, dwindled the volume of combustion chamber, increased storage compartment's volume.3) storage compartment is built-in with the fuel slide plate, and after the biomass fuel in the combustion chamber burnouted, the fuel in the storage compartment can flow in the combustion chamber automatically.4) built-in four super heat-conductive pipes at the water jacket place that chimney links to each other with exhaust gases passes are welded on four jiaos of places, exhaust gases passes top with four super heat-conductive pipes, and the upper end places in the water jacket, and the lower end places in the flue; 5) welded the iron pipe that is connected with water jacket in exhaust gases passes, the absorption that it has increased heat in the flue gas has reduced the loss of heat.
Description of drawings:
Fig. 1 Fig. 2 is a structure cutaway view of the present invention, and Fig. 3 Fig. 4 is four oxygen supply burning structure figure, and Fig. 5 Fig. 6 is the structure chart of super heat-conductive pipe, Fig. 7 is the anti-structure charts that burn of three backhauls, Fig. 8 is the structure chart of fuel slide plate, and Fig. 9 is the structure chart of burner hearth inside, further the present invention is narrated in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
The specific embodiment:
Shown in Figure 2 as Fig. 1, Fig. 1 Fig. 2 is a cutaway view of the present invention, and its structure is formed and comprised: storage compartment 1, combustion chamber 2, preceding anti-burning plate 3, air vent 4, wireway 5, fire grate 6, fuel slide plate 7, back anti-burning plate 8, fire sealing cover 9, iron pipe 10, flue 11, super heat-conductive pipe 12, chimney 13, combustion chamber bell 14, storing chamber cap 15, ash bucket 16, logical a heatable brick bed mouth 17 constitute.At first air vent 4 is opened, ash bucket 16 is pulled out a segment distance, adds a certain amount of fuel then in storage compartment 1, lights, and when treating that burning has certain fire in a stove before fuel is added, adds required fuel.During burning, be advanced into combustion chamber 2 under the flue gas, oxygen supply burning from the bottom to top, the wireway 5 of side flame and flame envelope in flame carry out the oxygen supply burning once more, be folded back behind the anti-burning plate 8 and carry out secondary to three after flue gas runs to and burn, fully gas fume after burning is passed through flue 11, the heat in the flue gas is absorbed with the super heat-conductive pipe that is connected with water jacket by the iron pipe 10 that is connected with water jacket, reduce heat to airborne discharging, play energy-conservation effect.The hot half-gasification oven of this three backhauls counter-burning type biomass superconductive also can be banked up a fire, and when banking up a fire, the fire sealing cover 9 of closing ash bucket 16, air vent 4, combustion zone and exhaust gases passes district can be effective.The difference of Fig. 1 Fig. 2 is that Fig. 2 is applied to logical a heatable brick bed area, the north more.
Fig. 3 Fig. 4 is four oxygen supply burning structures of the present invention figure, is respectively to give wind twice before fire door, and wind is given twice in the furnace side, and behind the air intake, below water tank, in the burner hearth, there are two row's air inlets at the flame middle part, 3 gasifications of last row holes, 4 of next rows holes of gasifying.
Fig. 5 Fig. 6 is the structure chart of super heat-conductive pipe of the present invention, its upper end places in the water jacket, the lower end places in the flue, utilize the fast characteristics of heat transfer rate, be delivered to the heat in the flue gas in the water jacket fast and effectively, its heat transfer rate is 1.5 times of the velocity of sound, and this design has improved the speed of conducting heat greatly, and the heating device is rapidly heated.
Fig. 5 still is an iron pipe part of the present invention, and its feature also is: welded the iron pipe that is connected with water jacket in exhaust gases passes, the absorption that it has increased heat in the flue gas has reduced the loss of heat.
Fig. 7 is the anti-structure charts that burn of three backhauls of the present invention, the flue gas that fuel produces in the burner hearth internal combustion carries out primary combustion, second-time burning, three burnings flowing into again through piping in the burner hearth, so repeatedly, gases such as carbon dioxide in the flue gas, sulfur dioxide are more fully burnt, reach the effect of energy-saving and emission-reduction.
Fig. 8 is the structure chart of fuel slide plate of the present invention, and the fuel slide plate places in the storage compartment, and after the biomass fuel in the combustion chamber burnouted, the fuel in the storage compartment can flow in the combustion chamber automatically.
Fig. 9 is the structure chart of burner hearth of the present invention inside, and storage compartment and combustion chamber are separated, and has dwindled the volume of combustion chamber, has increased storage compartment's volume, and fuel saving reaches 60%, and fire-sealing time reached more than 14 hours.

Claims (6)

1. the present invention relates to the hot half-gasification oven of a kind of three backhaul counter-burning type biomass superconductives, its primary structure comprises storage compartment (1), combustion chamber (2), the preceding anti-plate (3) that burns, air vent (4), wireway (5), fire grate (6), backboard (7), the anti-plate (8) that burns in back, fire sealing cover (9), iron pipe (10), flue (11), super heat-conductive pipe (12), chimney (13), combustion chamber bell (14), storing chamber cap (15), ash bucket (16) constitutes, it is characterized in that, body of heater divides three parts, storing district (1), combustion zone (2) and exhaust gases passes district (11), be separated by with preceding anti-burning plate (3) between storing district (1) and combustion zone (2), the bottom is fire grate (6) and ash bucket (16), can apace the ash after the burning be got rid of by stirring fire grate (6), between combustion chamber (2) and exhaust gases passes district (11), there is the anti-plate (8) that burns in back to be separated by, make flue gas carry out second-time burning, in exhaust gases passes, also have wireway to communicate with the combustion zone, middle flame and flame envelope to flame carry out oxygen supply, make burning more abundant.
2. the hot half-gasification oven of three backhaul counter-burning type biomass superconductives according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: four oxygen supply burnings of combustion system, be respectively before fire door, to give wind twice, wind is given twice in the furnace side, behind the air intake, below water tank, in the burner hearth, there are two row's air inlets at the flame middle part, 3 gasifications of last row hole, 4 gasifications of next row hole.
3. the architectural feature in the hot half-gasification oven of three backhaul counter-burning type biomass superconductives according to claim 1, its burner hearth is: storage compartment and combustion chamber are separated, dwindled the volume of combustion chamber, increased storage compartment's volume.
4. the hot half-gasification oven of three backhaul counter-burning type biomass superconductives according to claim 1, architectural feature in its burner hearth is: the storage compartment is built-in with the fuel slide plate, after the biomass fuel in the combustion chamber burnouted, the fuel in the storage compartment can flow in the combustion chamber automatically.
5. the hot half-gasification oven of three backhaul counter-burning type biomass superconductives according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: built-in four super heat-conductive pipes at the water jacket place that chimney links to each other with exhaust gases passes, four super heat-conductive pipes are welded on four jiaos of places, exhaust gases passes top, the upper end places in the water jacket, and the lower end places in the flue.
6. the hot half-gasification oven of three backhaul counter-burning type biomass superconductives according to claim 1, its feature also is: welded the iron pipe that is connected with water jacket in exhaust gases passes, the absorption that it has increased heat in the flue gas has reduced the loss of heat.
CN2010201788669U 2010-05-05 2010-05-05 Three-return counter heating type biomass super-thermal-conductive semi-gasification furnace Expired - Fee Related CN202012948U (en)

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CN2010201788669U CN202012948U (en) 2010-05-05 2010-05-05 Three-return counter heating type biomass super-thermal-conductive semi-gasification furnace

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010201788669U CN202012948U (en) 2010-05-05 2010-05-05 Three-return counter heating type biomass super-thermal-conductive semi-gasification furnace

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CN202012948U true CN202012948U (en) 2011-10-19

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105222165A (en) * 2015-09-18 2016-01-06 路泽民 A kind of cooking stove
WO2016011916A1 (en) * 2014-07-24 2016-01-28 车站斌 Ash chamber structure and combustion device comprising ash chamber

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2016011916A1 (en) * 2014-07-24 2016-01-28 车站斌 Ash chamber structure and combustion device comprising ash chamber
CN105222165A (en) * 2015-09-18 2016-01-06 路泽民 A kind of cooking stove

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Addressee: Beijing BridgeCom SE Co., Ltd.

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20111019

Termination date: 20140505