WO2016011916A1 - Ash chamber structure and combustion device comprising ash chamber - Google Patents

Ash chamber structure and combustion device comprising ash chamber Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2016011916A1
WO2016011916A1 PCT/CN2015/084288 CN2015084288W WO2016011916A1 WO 2016011916 A1 WO2016011916 A1 WO 2016011916A1 CN 2015084288 W CN2015084288 W CN 2015084288W WO 2016011916 A1 WO2016011916 A1 WO 2016011916A1
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Prior art keywords
ash
furnace
door
opening
port
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PCT/CN2015/084288
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French (fr)
Chinese (zh)
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车站斌
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车站斌
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Priority to CN201410356095.0 priority Critical
Priority to CN201410356095 priority
Application filed by 车站斌 filed Critical 车站斌
Publication of WO2016011916A1 publication Critical patent/WO2016011916A1/en

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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23JREMOVAL OR TREATMENT OF COMBUSTION PRODUCTS OR COMBUSTION RESIDUES; FLUES 
    • F23J3/00Removing solid residues from passages or chambers beyond the fire, e.g. from flues by soot blowers

Abstract

Disclosed are an ash chamber (4) structure and a combustion device (100) comprising the ash chamber (4) structure. An ash cleaning port (41) is provided on a side wall of the ash chamber (4), a barrier layer (6) is provided between a fire grate (14) and the ash cleaning port (41), an ash falling port (61) is provided on the barrier layer (6), and the ash falling port (61) is provided with an on/off device (62). In an ash discharging state, the on/off device (62) is turned off, so that the ash falling port (61) is in a closed state, thereby preventing air from entering a combustion chamber, reducing or avoiding the influence of an airflow on a combustion state.

Description

灰室结构及固体燃料的燃烧装置Ash chamber structure and solid fuel combustion device 技术领域Technical field
本发明涉及固体燃料燃烧领域,具体地讲,有关于一种固体燃料的燃烧装置及灰室结构。The present invention relates to the field of solid fuel combustion, and more particularly to a solid fuel combustion apparatus and a ash chamber structure.
背景技术Background technique
生物质燃烧目前,现有的固体燃料燃烧装置一般通过开设于炉膛上的清灰口来清理炉膛内的炉灰。在清灰的过程中,炉膛外部的空气形成的气流必然会通过该清灰口进入到炉膛中。这些空气气流进入到炉膛后,处于不可控状态,可能会对炉膛内所需要的燃烧状态产生不利的影响。例如,在清灰过程中,如果炉膛内的固体燃料处于封火状态,空气气流进入到炉膛后会重新助燃炉膛内的固体燃料,增加了封火时固体燃料的燃烧损耗;如果炉膛内的燃料处于燃烧状态,突然进入的气流有可能卷起炉膛内的火焰,卷起的火焰很容易从炉膛的其他出口冒出而导致严重的安全事故。Biomass Combustion At present, existing solid fuel combustion devices generally clean the furnace ash in the furnace through a ash cleaning opening on the furnace. During the cleaning process, the airflow formed by the air outside the furnace will inevitably enter the furnace through the cleaning port. These air flows enter the furnace and are in an uncontrollable state, which may adversely affect the desired combustion state within the furnace. For example, in the process of cleaning, if the solid fuel in the furnace is in a closed state, the air flow will re-ignite the solid fuel in the furnace after entering the furnace, increasing the burning loss of the solid fuel during the sealing; if the fuel in the furnace In a burning state, the sudden incoming airflow may roll up the flame in the furnace, and the rolled up flame easily emerges from other outlets of the furnace, causing serious safety accidents.
因此,有必要提供一种固体燃料的燃烧装置的灰室结构,能够在清灰时防止气流通过清灰口进入炉膛内,进而避免该气流对炉膛内的燃烧状态产生影响,减少安全事故的发生。Therefore, it is necessary to provide a ash chamber structure of a solid fuel combustion device, which can prevent airflow from entering the furnace through the ash cleaning port during cleaning, thereby preventing the airflow from affecting the combustion state in the furnace and reducing the occurrence of safety accidents. .
发明内容Summary of the invention
本发明的目的在于,提供一种灰室结构,能够在清灰时能阻止气流从清灰口进入炉膛内,进而有效减少或避免该气流对炉膛内的燃烧状态产生影响。It is an object of the present invention to provide a ash chamber structure that prevents airflow from entering the furnace chamber from the ash cleaning port during cleaning, thereby effectively reducing or avoiding the influence of the gas flow on the combustion state within the furnace.
本发明的目的还在于,提供一种固体燃料的燃烧装置,不但能够使固体燃料中的挥发份充分燃烧,而且解决了熔灰问题,保证了燃料的持续燃烧,同时有效减少或避免了清灰时气流对燃烧状态的影响。It is also an object of the present invention to provide a solid fuel combustion apparatus which not only can fully burn volatile matter in a solid fuel, but also solves the problem of welding, ensures continuous combustion of fuel, and effectively reduces or avoids cleaning. The effect of airflow on the state of combustion.
为达到上述发明目的,本发明提供一种灰室结构,该灰室结构包括形成于炉膛的炉箅下方用于承接炉灰的灰室,在所述灰室的侧壁上设有清灰口,在炉膛内的炉箅与清灰口之间的高度上设有隔层,隔层下方构成所述灰室;所述隔层上设有落灰口,所述落灰口对应形成于炉箅下方;该落灰口设有启闭装置;在出灰状态下控制启闭装置关闭从而使落灰口呈闭合状态,从而阻挡从清灰口进入的气体进入隔层上方的炉膛。In order to achieve the above object, the present invention provides a ash chamber structure including a ash chamber formed under the furnace of the furnace for receiving the ash, and a ash cleaning port on the side wall of the ash chamber a gap is arranged between the height of the furnace and the cleaning port in the furnace, and the gray chamber is formed below the partition; the partition is provided with a falling ash port, and the falling ash port is correspondingly formed in the furnace The ash outlet is provided with an opening and closing device; in the ashing state, the opening and closing device is closed to close the ash ash port, thereby blocking the gas entering from the ash cleaning port from entering the furnace above the partition.
本发明还提供了一种固体燃料的燃烧装置,包括炉膛,在炉膛上设有进风口和固体燃料进料口,所述进料口设在炉膛顶部,在炉膛内对应所述进料口设置有承接从进料口进入的固体燃料的炉箅,在进料口一侧的炉箅上方炉膛形成为进风侧,与该进风侧相对的进料口另一 侧的炉膛形成为燃烧侧;在所述燃烧侧形成有导通于尾气出口的燃烧腔;所述炉箅下方设置有灰室,所述灰室具有上述的灰室结构。The invention also provides a solid fuel combustion device, comprising a furnace, an air inlet and a solid fuel feed inlet are arranged on the furnace, the feed inlet is arranged at the top of the furnace, and the inlet is arranged in the furnace There is a furnace for receiving solid fuel entering from the inlet, and the furnace is formed on the inlet side above the furnace on the side of the inlet, and the inlet is opposite to the inlet side. The side furnace is formed as a combustion side; a combustion chamber that is open to the exhaust gas outlet is formed on the combustion side; and a ash chamber is provided below the furnace, the ash chamber having the above-described ash chamber structure.
采用本发明的灰室结构,在炉膛内的固体燃料燃烧时,利用在炉膛内的炉箅与清灰口之间设有的隔层,以及设置于隔层上的落灰口的启闭装置,实现在清灰口关闭或打开清灰的状态下,控制从清灰口与燃烧腔的气流导通或阻隔状态,防止清灰时空气由清灰口进入炉膛。According to the ash chamber structure of the present invention, when the solid fuel in the furnace is burned, the partition provided between the furnace and the ash cleaning port in the furnace, and the ash ash opening and closing device provided on the partition layer are used. In the state where the cleaning port is closed or the cleaning is turned off, the airflow from the cleaning port and the combustion chamber is controlled to be conducted or blocked, and the air is prevented from entering the furnace by the cleaning port when the cleaning is performed.
在打开清灰门清灰状态下,利用落灰口的启闭装置先关闭落灰口,有效地将气流阻挡于位于隔层下方的灰室内而不能进入炉膛。在燃烧状态下将清灰门关闭,落灰口受控打开,炉灰顺利从落灰口进入灰室。从而在从燃烧状态至清灰状态全部过程中,该灰室结构均能避免或减少空气进入炉膛内,相应的也就避免或减少了这些不可控的气流对于炉膛内固体燃料的燃烧状态的影响,提高了燃烧装置的燃烧状态的可控性。When the cleaning door is opened and cleaned, the ashing port is closed by the opening and closing device of the ashing port, and the airflow is effectively blocked by the ash chamber located below the compartment and cannot enter the furnace. In the burning state, the cleaning door is closed, the falling ash port is controlled to open, and the furnace ash smoothly enters the ash chamber from the falling ash port. Therefore, in the whole process from the combustion state to the cleaning state, the gray chamber structure can avoid or reduce the entry of air into the furnace, and correspondingly avoid or reduce the influence of these uncontrollable air flows on the combustion state of the solid fuel in the furnace. The controllability of the combustion state of the combustion device is improved.
并且,由于落灰口上的启闭装置能够将落灰口关闭,也就避免了因气流进入炉膛内卷起火焰冲出炉膛而导致的安全事故的发生,提高了燃烧装置运行的安全性能。Moreover, since the opening and closing device on the ash discharge port can close the ash ash port, the occurrence of a safety accident caused by the airflow entering the furnace and rolling up the flame out of the furnace is avoided, and the safety performance of the combustion device operation is improved.
附图说明DRAWINGS
为了更清楚地说明本发明实施例或现有技术中的技术方案,下面将对实施例或现有技术描述中所需要使用的附图作简单地介绍,显而易见地,下面描述中的附图仅仅是本发明的一些实施例,对于本领域普通技术人员来讲,在不付出创造性劳动性的前提下,还可以根据这些附图获得其他的附图。In order to more clearly illustrate the embodiments of the present invention or the technical solutions in the prior art, the drawings used in the embodiments or the description of the prior art will be briefly described below. Obviously, the drawings in the following description are only It is a certain embodiment of the present invention, and other drawings can be obtained from those skilled in the art without any inventive labor.
图1为本发明抽拉门设置于隔层上方的灰室结构示意图(落灰口关闭);Figure 1 is a schematic view showing the structure of a ash chamber in which the drawing door is disposed above the partition layer (the ash ash port is closed);
图2为本发明抽拉门设置于隔层上方的灰室结构示意图(落灰口打开);2 is a schematic structural view of a ash chamber in which the drawing door is disposed above the partition layer according to the present invention (the ash opening is opened);
图3为本发明抽拉门设置于隔层下方的灰室结构示意图(落灰口关闭);Figure 3 is a schematic view showing the structure of the ash chamber in which the drawing door of the present invention is disposed under the partition layer (the ash ash port is closed);
图4为本发明抽拉门设置于隔层下方的灰室结构示意图(落灰口打开);Figure 4 is a schematic view showing the structure of the ash chamber in which the drawing door of the present invention is disposed under the partition layer (opening ash opening);
图5为本发明抽拉门连接有拉杆的灰室结构示意图(落灰口打开);Figure 5 is a schematic view showing the structure of the ash chamber with the drawbar attached to the drawing door of the present invention (opening ash opening);
图6为本发明抽拉门连接有拉杆的灰室结构示意图(落灰口关闭);Figure 6 is a schematic view showing the structure of the ash chamber with the drawbar attached to the drawing door of the present invention (the ash ash port is closed);
图7为本发明抽拉门连接有拉索的灰室结构示意图(落灰口打开);Figure 7 is a schematic view showing the structure of the ash chamber with the cable connected to the drawing door of the present invention (the ash opening is opened);
图8为本发明抽拉门连接有拉索的灰室结构示意图(落灰口关闭);Figure 8 is a schematic view showing the structure of the ash chamber with the cable connected to the drawing door of the present invention (the ash ash port is closed);
图9为本发明隔层为倾斜设置的灰室结构示意图(落灰口打开);Figure 9 is a schematic view showing the structure of the ash chamber in which the partition layer of the present invention is inclined (opening ash opening);
图10为本发明隔层为倾斜设置的灰室结构示意图(落灰口关闭);Figure 10 is a schematic view showing the structure of the gray chamber in which the partition layer of the present invention is inclined (the falling ash port is closed);
图11为本发明具有一个翻转门的灰室结构示意图(落灰口关闭);Figure 11 is a schematic view showing the structure of a gray chamber having a flip door according to the present invention (the falling ash port is closed);
图12为本发明具有一个翻转门的灰室结构示意图(落灰口打开); Figure 12 is a schematic view showing the structure of a gray chamber having a flip door according to the present invention (opening ash opening);
图13为本发明具有两个以上翻转门的灰室结构示意图(落灰口关闭);Figure 13 is a schematic view showing the structure of a gray chamber having two or more flip doors according to the present invention (the falling ash port is closed);
图14为本发明具有两个以上翻转门的灰室结构示意图(落灰口打开);Figure 14 is a schematic view showing the structure of a gray chamber having two or more flip doors according to the present invention (opening ash opening);
图15为本发明具有百叶结构的灰室结构示意图(落灰口打开);Figure 15 is a schematic view showing the structure of a ash chamber having a louver structure according to the present invention (opening ash opening);
图16为本发明具有百叶结构的灰室结构示意图(落灰口关闭);Figure 16 is a schematic view showing the structure of a ash chamber having a louver structure according to the present invention (the ash port is closed);
图17为本发明翻转门(或门枢结构)连接有旋钮的结构示意图;17 is a schematic structural view of a flip door (or a door pivot structure) with a knob attached thereto;
图18为本发明翻转门(或门枢结构)连接有摇杆的结构示意图;18 is a schematic structural view of a flip door (or a door pivot structure) connected with a rocker according to the present invention;
图19为本发明具有升降装置的折页门的灰室结构示意图(落灰口关闭);Figure 19 is a schematic view showing the structure of the ash chamber of the folding door with the lifting device of the present invention (the ash ash opening is closed);
图20为本发明具有升降装置的折页门的灰室结构的示意图(落灰口打开);Figure 20 is a schematic view showing the structure of the ash chamber of the folding door with the lifting device of the present invention (opening ash opening);
图21为图19沿B-B方向的剖视图;Figure 21 is a cross-sectional view taken along line B-B of Figure 19;
图22为本发明具有单开的折页门的灰室结构示意图(落灰口打开);Figure 22 is a schematic view showing the structure of a gray chamber having a single-open folding door according to the present invention (opening ash opening);
图23为本发明具有单开的折页门的灰室结构示意图(落灰口关闭);Figure 23 is a schematic view showing the structure of a gray chamber having a single-open folding door according to the present invention (the falling ash opening is closed);
图24为本发明具有对开的折页门的灰室结构示意图(落灰口关闭);Figure 24 is a schematic view showing the structure of the ash chamber of the folding door of the present invention (the ash ash is closed);
图25为本发明具有对开的折页门的灰室结构示意图(落灰口打开);Figure 25 is a schematic view showing the structure of the ash chamber of the folding door of the present invention (opening ash opening);
图26为本发明具有折叠门的灰室结构示意图(落灰口打开);Figure 26 is a schematic view showing the structure of a gray chamber having a folding door according to the present invention (opening ash opening);
图27为本发明具有折叠门的灰室结构示意图(落灰口关闭);Figure 27 is a schematic view showing the structure of a ash chamber having a folding door according to the present invention (the ash port is closed);
图28为本发明具有卷帘门的灰室结构示意图(落灰口打开);Figure 28 is a schematic view showing the structure of a ash chamber having a rolling door according to the present invention (opening ash opening);
图29为本发明具有卷帘门的灰室结构示意图(落灰口关闭);Figure 29 is a schematic view showing the structure of a ash chamber having a rolling door according to the present invention (the ash port is closed);
图30为本发明燃烧装置的结构示意图(落灰口关闭);Figure 30 is a schematic structural view of the combustion apparatus of the present invention (the falling ash port is closed);
图31为本发明燃烧装置的结构示意图(落灰口打开)。Figure 31 is a schematic view showing the structure of the combustion apparatus of the present invention (the ash opening is opened).
附图标记说明:Description of the reference signs:
燃烧装置100;换热装置200;尾气排出口201;Combustion device 100; heat exchange device 200; exhaust gas discharge port 201;
炉膛10;进风侧101;燃烧侧102;Furnace 10; inlet side 101; combustion side 102;
堆料层1;进料口11;进风口12;炉箅14;进料斗15;Stack layer 1; feed port 11; air inlet 12; furnace 14; feed hopper 15;
燃烧腔3;Combustion chamber 3;
固体燃料5;炉灰53Solid fuel 5; furnace ash 53
灰室4;清灰口41;灰斗42;Ash chamber 4; cleaning port 41; ash hopper 42;
隔层6;落灰口61;启闭装置62;抽拉门621;销轴6211;销轴套6212;滑轨622;拉索623;拉杆623’;弹性复位装置624;翻转门625;转动轴端6251;旋钮6253;摇柄6254; 折页门626;枢轴6261;门枢结构6262;控制装置627;支撑杆6271;升降装置6272;支撑轴6273;滑套6274;杠杆6275;支点6276;折叠门628;收拉机构6282;卷帘门629;Compartment 6; ash port 61; opening and closing device 62; pull door 621; pin shaft 6211; pin bushing 6212; slide rail 622; cable 623; pull rod 623'; elastic reset device 624; flip door 625; Shaft end 6251; knob 6253; crank handle 6254; Folding door 626; pivot 4261; door pivot structure 6262; control device 627; support rod 6271; lifting device 6272; support shaft 6273; sliding sleeve 6274; lever 6275; fulcrum 6276; folding door 628; pull-up mechanism 6282; 629;
炉壁7;缝隙71;通孔72。Furnace wall 7; slit 71; through hole 72.
具体实施方式detailed description
下面将结合本发明实施例中的附图,对本发明实施例中的技术方案进行清楚、完整地描述,显然,所描述的实施例仅仅是本发明一部分实施例,而不是全部的实施例。基于本发明中的实施例,本领域普通技术人员在没有作出创造性劳动前提下所获得的所有其他实施例,都属于本发明保护的范围。The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention are clearly and completely described in the following with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention. It is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, but not all embodiments. All other embodiments obtained by those skilled in the art based on the embodiments of the present invention without creative efforts are within the scope of the present invention.
请参考图1至图29,本发明提出了一种灰室结构,该灰室结构包括形成于炉膛10的炉箅14下方用于承接炉灰的灰室4,在灰室4的侧壁上设有清灰口41,在炉膛10内的炉箅14与清灰口41之间的高度上设有隔层6,隔层6下方构成灰室4;隔层6上设有落灰口61,落灰口61对应形成于炉箅14的下方;落灰口61设有启闭装置62;在出灰状态下控制启闭装置62关闭使落灰口61呈闭合状态,从而阻挡从清灰口41进入的气体进入燃烧室。Referring to FIG. 1 to FIG. 29, the present invention proposes a ash chamber structure including a ash chamber 4 formed under the furnace 14 of the furnace 10 for receiving ash, on the side wall of the ash chamber 4. A ash cleaning port 41 is provided, and a partition layer 6 is disposed at a height between the furnace 14 and the ash cleaning port 41 in the furnace 10, and a ash chamber 4 is formed below the partition layer 6; the ash layer 61 is provided on the partition layer 61. The falling ash port 61 is correspondingly formed under the furnace 14; the ash falling port 61 is provided with the opening and closing device 62; in the ash discharging state, the control opening and closing device 62 is closed to close the ash falling port 61, thereby blocking the cleaning from the ash The gas entering the port 41 enters the combustion chamber.
在本发明中,如图1至图29所示,对应于炉箅14下方的隔层6的形状可以为平板形或锥斗形。当然隔层6也可以采用本领域技术人员熟悉的其他形状,只要能将炉膛10与灰室4分隔开即可。In the present invention, as shown in FIGS. 1 to 29, the shape of the barrier layer 6 corresponding to the underside of the furnace 14 may be a flat plate shape or a cone shape. Of course, the barrier layer 6 can also take other shapes familiar to those skilled in the art, as long as the furnace 10 can be separated from the ash chamber 4.
采用本发明的灰室结构,在炉膛10内的固体燃料燃烧时,控制设置于隔层6上的启闭装置62开启从而使落灰口61呈打开状态,这样固体燃料燃烧产生的炉灰53能够经落灰口61落入位于其下方的灰室4内。当需要出灰时,利用在炉膛10内的炉箅14与清灰口41之间设有的隔层6,以及设置于隔层6上的落灰口的启闭装置62,实现在清灰口41打开清灰的状态下,控制清灰口41与燃烧腔3的气流导通或阻隔状态,防止空气由清灰口41进入炉膛10。With the ash chamber structure of the present invention, when the solid fuel in the furnace 10 is burned, the opening and closing device 62 disposed on the partition 6 is controlled to open so that the ash discharge port 61 is opened, so that the ash 53 generated by the combustion of the solid fuel is used. It is possible to fall through the ash port 61 into the ash chamber 4 located below it. When ash is required, the partition 6 provided between the furnace 14 and the cleaning port 41 in the furnace 10, and the opening and closing device 62 of the ash opening provided on the partition 6 are realized in the cleaning. When the port 41 is opened and cleaned, the air flow of the cleaning port 41 and the combustion chamber 3 is controlled to be conducted or blocked, and air is prevented from entering the furnace 10 by the cleaning port 41.
在打开清灰门41的清灰状态下,利用落灰口61的启闭装置62先关闭落灰口61,有效地阻止气流于隔层6下方的灰室4内而不能直接进入炉膛10。在燃烧状态下将清灰门41关闭,落灰口61受控打开,炉灰顺利从落灰口61进入灰室4。进而在从燃烧状态至清灰状态全部过程中,该灰室结构均能避免或减少空气进入炉膛10内,相应的也就避免或减少了这些不可控的气流对于炉膛10内固体燃料的燃烧状态的影响,提高了燃烧装置的燃烧状态的可控性。When the cleaning door 41 is opened, the ash opening 61 is closed by the opening and closing device 62 of the ash discharge port 61, thereby effectively preventing the airflow from entering the ash chamber 4 below the partition 6 and not directly entering the furnace 10. The cleaning door 41 is closed in the burning state, the ash opening 61 is controlled to open, and the furnace ash smoothly enters the ash chamber 4 from the ash discharge port 61. Further, in the whole process from the combustion state to the cleaning state, the ash chamber structure can avoid or reduce the entry of air into the furnace 10, and correspondingly avoid or reduce the combustion state of the solid fuel in the furnace 10 by these uncontrollable air flows. The effect of improving the controllability of the combustion state of the combustion device.
并且,由于落灰口61上的启闭装置62能够将落灰口61关闭,也就避免了因气流进入 炉膛10内卷起火焰冲出炉膛10而导致的安全事故的发生,提高了燃烧装置运行的安全性能。Moreover, since the opening and closing device 62 on the ash discharge port 61 can close the ash discharge port 61, the airflow entry is avoided. The occurrence of a safety accident caused by the rolling of the flame out of the furnace 10 in the furnace 10 improves the safety performance of the combustion device.
在本发明一个可选的例子中,如图15、图16所示,灰室4内设有灰斗42,灰斗42可以从清灰口41拉出,在落灰口61关闭状态下拉出灰斗42即可进行出灰操作。In an optional example of the present invention, as shown in FIG. 15 and FIG. 16, a ash hopper 42 is disposed in the ash chamber 4, and the ash hopper 42 can be pulled out from the ash cleaning port 41 and pulled out when the ash ash port 61 is closed. The ash hopper 42 can perform the ashing operation.
在本发明中,清灰口41常态下(非清灰状态中)处于关闭状态。清灰口41可如图1所示,由灰斗42的外壁来形成遮挡而处于关闭状态。当然可以采用其它方式,例如清灰口41上可以设置有清灰门(图中未示出),当灰斗42插装于灰室4内时,清灰门将清灰口41封闭,防止了空气由清灰口41进入炉膛10;当需要清灰时,在落灰口61关闭状态下打开清灰门将炉灰清出,或拉出灰斗42进行出灰操作。In the present invention, the cleaning port 41 is in a closed state in a normal state (in a non-cleaning state). The cleaning port 41 can be closed by the outer wall of the ash hopper 42 as shown in FIG. Of course, other methods may be used. For example, the cleaning door 41 may be provided with a cleaning door (not shown). When the ash hopper 42 is inserted into the ash chamber 4, the cleaning door closes the cleaning port 41, preventing the ash door 41 from being closed. The air enters the furnace 10 from the cleaning port 41; when the cleaning is required, the cleaning door is opened in the closed state of the falling gray port 61 to clear the furnace ash, or the ash hopper 42 is pulled out to perform the ash discharging operation.
本发明的启闭装置62,本领域技术人员可以理解,只要能够在出灰状态下关闭从而使落灰口61呈闭合状态,在燃烧状态下开启使落灰口61呈打开状态即可,其具体结构可以根据需要设计,在此不做限制。The opening and closing device 62 of the present invention can be understood by those skilled in the art as long as it can be closed in the ashing state to make the ash ash port 61 closed, and in the burning state, the ash ash opening 61 can be opened. The specific structure can be designed as needed, and no limitation is imposed here.
下面通过几种启闭装置62结构的具体例子,来更为详细地说明本发明。The present invention will now be described in more detail by way of specific examples of the construction of several opening and closing devices 62.
实施例一Embodiment 1
在本实施例中,如图1至4所示,启闭装置62为沿隔层6上表面或下表面移动的抽拉门621,抽拉门621位于落灰口61处为闭合状态。这样,在燃烧状态下,关闭清灰口41,并移动抽拉门621使其沿着隔层6的上表面或下表面向远离落灰口61的位置移动,以使落灰口61处于打开的状态,此时炉膛10内固体燃料燃烧产生的炉灰53经过落灰口61下落至位于该落灰口61下方的灰室4内。当需要进行清灰时,移动抽拉门621使其移动回落灰口61处并遮挡住落灰口61,使落灰口61处于闭合状态,此时再打开清灰口41,由清灰口41进入的气流被隔层6及抽拉门621有效地阻挡住而不能直接的进入炉膛时,相应的也就避免或减少了这些不可控的气流对于炉膛10内固体燃料的燃烧状态的影响,提高了燃烧装置的燃烧状态的可控性。In the present embodiment, as shown in FIGS. 1 to 4, the opening and closing device 62 is a drawing door 621 that moves along the upper surface or the lower surface of the partition 6, and the drawing door 621 is in a closed state at the ash port 61. Thus, in the burning state, the cleaning port 41 is closed, and the drawing door 621 is moved to move along the upper surface of the partition 6 or the lower surface facing away from the ash opening 61, so that the ash opening 61 is opened. In this state, the ash 53 generated by the combustion of the solid fuel in the furnace 10 at this time falls through the ash discharge port 61 into the ash chamber 4 located below the ash discharge port 61. When it is necessary to perform cleaning, the sliding door 621 is moved to move back to the ash ash port 61 and block the ash ash port 61, so that the ash ash port 61 is in a closed state, and at this time, the ash cleaning port 41 is opened again, and the ash cleaning port is opened. When the incoming airflow is effectively blocked by the compartment 6 and the extraction door 621 and cannot directly enter the furnace, the effect of these uncontrollable airflows on the combustion state of the solid fuel in the furnace 10 is correspondingly avoided or reduced. The controllability of the combustion state of the combustion device is improved.
在本实施例一个可选的例子中,如图1至图4所示,隔层6一端上方或下方的炉壁7处设有抽拉门621插入的缝隙71,抽拉门621能够由该缝隙71沿隔层6的表面插入炉膛10内遮挡住落灰口61使落灰口61呈闭合状态。当固体燃料燃烧时,关闭清灰口41,并将抽拉门621由缝隙71处向外拉出,使落灰口61处于打开的状态,固体燃料燃烧产生的炉灰53能够经过落灰口61顺利下落至灰室4内;当需要清灰时,由缝隙71将抽拉门621插回炉膛10内并遮挡住落灰口61,使该落灰口61处于闭合状态,打开清灰口41进行清灰即可。In an optional example of the embodiment, as shown in FIG. 1 to FIG. 4, the furnace wall 7 above or below one end of the partition 6 is provided with a slit 71 into which the drawing door 621 is inserted, and the drawing door 621 can be The slit 71 is inserted into the furnace 10 along the surface of the partition 6 to block the ash discharge port 61 so that the ash discharge port 61 is closed. When the solid fuel burns, the cleaning port 41 is closed, and the drawing door 621 is pulled out from the slit 71, so that the falling ash port 61 is in an open state, and the ash 53 generated by the combustion of the solid fuel can pass through the ash port. 61 smoothly falls into the ash chamber 4; when cleaning is required, the drawing door 621 is inserted into the furnace 10 by the slit 71 and blocks the ash port 61, so that the ash port 61 is closed, and the ash port is opened. 41 can be cleaned.
在本实施例一个可选的例子中,如图1至图4所示,抽拉门621的里端设有销轴6211, 炉壁7的一侧设有销轴套6212,当抽拉门621向外拉出炉膛10后,销轴6211能够进入销轴套6212内,并且抽拉门621可以通过销轴6211与销轴套6212的转动配合向上或向下折贴于炉壁7的外侧。由于拉出炉膛10后的抽拉门621折贴于炉壁7的外侧,进一步节省了燃烧装置所占用的空间,同时也方便了操作人员的操作。并且折贴于炉壁7外侧的抽拉门621能够将炉壁处的缝隙71封堵住,防止了炉外的空气通过缝隙71进入炉膛10内,提高了燃烧装置内的固体燃料燃烧状态的可控性。In an optional example of the embodiment, as shown in FIG. 1 to FIG. 4, the inner end of the drawing door 621 is provided with a pin 6211. One side of the furnace wall 7 is provided with a pin bushing 6212. When the drawing door 621 is pulled out of the grate 10, the pin shaft 6211 can enter the pin bushing 6212, and the drawing door 621 can pass through the pin shaft 6211 and the pin shaft. The rotation of the sleeve 6212 is folded up or down to the outside of the furnace wall 7. Since the drawing door 621 pulled out of the furnace 10 is folded on the outer side of the furnace wall 7, the space occupied by the combustion device is further saved, and the operation of the operator is also facilitated. And the drawing door 621 folded on the outside of the furnace wall 7 can block the gap 71 at the furnace wall, prevent the air outside the furnace from entering the furnace 10 through the slit 71, and improve the combustion state of the solid fuel in the combustion device. Controllability.
在抽拉门621的一个可选的例子中,如图1、图2所示,抽拉门621可以设置于隔层6的上方并能沿隔层6的上表面滑动。In an alternative example of the draw gate 621, as shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, the draw gate 621 can be disposed above the barrier layer 6 and can slide along the upper surface of the barrier layer 6.
在抽拉门621的另一个可选的例子中,如图3、图4所示,抽拉门621可以设置于隔层6的下方,如图3、4所示,在隔层6的下表面设置有滑轨622,抽拉门621插设于滑轨622内并能沿隔层6的下表面滑动。In another optional example of the pull gate 621, as shown in FIGS. 3 and 4, the pull gate 621 may be disposed under the spacer 6, as shown in FIGS. 3 and 4, under the spacer 6. The surface is provided with a slide rail 622 which is inserted into the slide rail 622 and can slide along the lower surface of the partition layer 6.
在本实施例中,如图1至图4所示,对应于炉箅14下方的隔层6的形状为平板形,以便于抽拉门621的往复移动。In the present embodiment, as shown in FIGS. 1 to 4, the shape of the spacer 6 corresponding to the lower portion of the furnace 14 is a flat plate shape to facilitate the reciprocating movement of the drawing door 621.
实施例二Embodiment 2
在本实施例中,如图5至10所示,启闭装置62也为沿隔层6上表面或隔层6下表面移动的抽拉门621,抽拉门621位于落灰口61处时为闭合状态。本实施例与实施例一的区别在于,在本实施例中,抽拉门621的至少一端连接有拉索623或拉杆623’。当固体燃料燃烧时,关闭清灰口41,使抽拉门621沿隔层6上表面或下表面向远离落灰口61的方向移动,使落灰口61处于打开的状态,固体燃料燃烧产生的炉灰能够经过落灰口61顺利下落至灰室4内;当需要清灰时,使抽拉门621向反方向移动并遮挡住落灰口61,使该落灰口61处于闭合状态,打开清灰口41进行清灰即可。In the present embodiment, as shown in FIGS. 5 to 10, the opening and closing device 62 is also a drawing door 621 that moves along the upper surface of the partition 6 or the lower surface of the partition 6, and the drawing door 621 is located at the ash port 61. It is in a closed state. The difference between this embodiment and the first embodiment is that in the present embodiment, at least one end of the drawing door 621 is connected with a cable 623 or a tie rod 623'. When the solid fuel is burned, the cleaning port 41 is closed, and the drawing door 621 is moved along the upper surface of the partition layer 6 or the lower surface facing away from the ash discharge port 61, so that the ash discharge port 61 is in an open state, and the solid fuel is burned. The ash can be smoothly dropped into the ash chamber 4 through the ash port 61; when the ash is required to be cleaned, the drawing door 621 is moved in the opposite direction to block the ash port 61, so that the ash port 61 is closed. Open the cleaning port 41 for cleaning.
在本实施例一个可选的例子中,如图5、图6所示,抽拉门621一端连接有拉杆623’,拉杆623’通过位于炉壁7上的通孔72导通于炉壁7外,通过向外拉动拉杆623’可以使抽拉门621沿隔层6的上表面移动以控制抽拉门621的启闭状态。由通孔72拉出后的拉杆623’可以向上或向下折贴于炉壁7的外侧,以方便固定并节约空间。In an optional example of the embodiment, as shown in FIG. 5 and FIG. 6, one end of the drawing door 621 is connected with a pull rod 623', and the pull rod 623' is electrically connected to the furnace wall 7 through a through hole 72 located in the furnace wall 7. Further, the pulling door 621 can be moved along the upper surface of the partition 6 by pulling the pull rod 623' outward to control the opening and closing state of the drawing door 621. The pull rod 623' pulled out by the through hole 72 can be folded up or down to the outside of the furnace wall 7 to facilitate fixing and save space.
在本实施例另一个可选的例子中,如图7、图8所示,抽拉门621一端连接有拉索623,拉索623通过位于炉壁7上的通孔72导通于炉壁7外,通过拉动拉索623可以使拉索623沿隔层6的上表面移动以控制抽拉门621的启闭状态。In another optional example of the embodiment, as shown in FIG. 7 and FIG. 8 , the drawing door 621 is connected with a cable 623 at one end thereof, and the cable 623 is electrically connected to the furnace wall through a through hole 72 located in the furnace wall 7 . Further, by pulling the cable 623, the cable 623 can be moved along the upper surface of the partition 6 to control the opening and closing state of the drawing door 621.
在本实施例一个可选的例子中,如图7、图8所示,在抽拉门621与拉索623的对应端 还可以设有弹性复位装置624,该弹性复位装置624可以由弹簧或其他弹性体构成,如图7所示,在弹性复位装置624的弹性回复力的作用下将抽拉门621拉持在落灰口61的一侧而使落灰口61呈开启状态,此时,固体燃料燃烧产生的炉灰53能够经过落灰口61顺利下落至灰室4内。当需要清灰时,如图8所示,在炉壁7外拉动拉索623,在拉索623的带动下抽拉门621克服弹性复位装置624的弹性恢复力向落灰口61处移动并最终遮挡住落灰口61,使该落灰口61处于闭合状态,打开清灰口41进行清灰即可。In an optional example of the embodiment, as shown in FIG. 7 and FIG. 8, at the corresponding end of the drawing door 621 and the cable 623 An elastic return device 624 may also be provided. The elastic return device 624 may be formed of a spring or other elastic body. As shown in FIG. 7, the pull-back door 621 is pulled under the elastic restoring force of the elastic return device 624. The ash port 61 is opened on one side of the ash port 61. At this time, the ash 53 generated by the combustion of the solid fuel can smoothly fall into the ash chamber 4 through the ash port 61. When the cleaning is required, as shown in FIG. 8, the cable 623 is pulled outside the furnace wall 7, and the pulling door 621 is moved by the cable 623 against the elastic restoring force of the elastic returning device 624 to move toward the ash port 61. Finally, the ash discharge port 61 is blocked, the ash ash port 61 is closed, and the ash cleaning port 41 is opened for cleaning.
在本实施例另一个可选的例子中,如图9、图10所示,隔层6自炉箅14一侧向另一侧向下倾斜,在自身重力的作用下抽拉门621向隔层6的低端移动,如图9所示,当抽拉门621保持在燃烧膛侧时,落灰口61呈开启状态,此时,固体燃料燃烧产生的炉灰53能够经过落灰口61顺利下落至灰室4内。当需要清灰时,如图10所示,在炉壁7外拉动拉索623,在拉索623的带动下抽拉门621克服自身重力而向落灰口61处移动并最终遮挡住落灰口61,使该落灰口61处于闭合状态,打开清灰口41进行清灰即可。In another optional example of the embodiment, as shown in FIG. 9 and FIG. 10, the partition layer 6 is inclined downward from the side of the furnace 14 to the other side, and the door 621 is pulled apart by the gravity of the self. The low end movement of the layer 6 is as shown in Fig. 9. When the drawing door 621 is kept on the burning side, the ash opening 61 is opened, and at this time, the ash 53 generated by the combustion of the solid fuel can pass through the ash port 61. Dropped smoothly into the ash room 4. When the cleaning is required, as shown in FIG. 10, the cable 623 is pulled outside the furnace wall 7, and the pulling door 621 is moved by the cable 623 to overcome the gravity of the cable to move toward the ash hopper 61 and finally block the ash. The port 61 is such that the ash discharge port 61 is in a closed state, and the ash cleaning port 41 is opened to perform cleaning.
在本实施例的一个可选的例子中,抽拉门621的两侧沿炉壁7的内侧可以设有定位滑槽,抽拉门621能够沿滑槽抽拉,以进一步保证抽拉门621能够顺利的抽出和拉回。In an optional example of the embodiment, the two sides of the drawing door 621 may be provided with a positioning chute along the inner side of the furnace wall 7, and the drawing door 621 can be pulled along the chute to further ensure the drawing door 621. Can be smoothly pulled out and pulled back.
在本实施例中,如图5至10所示,对应于炉箅14下方的隔层6的形状为平板形,以便于抽拉门621的往复移动。In the present embodiment, as shown in FIGS. 5 to 10, the shape of the spacer 6 corresponding to the lower portion of the furnace 14 is a flat plate shape to facilitate the reciprocating movement of the drawing door 621.
实施例三Embodiment 3
在本实施例中,如图11至18所示,启闭装置62由至少一个、且设置于落灰口61的翻转门625构成,控制翻转门625呈基本水平状态落灰口61呈闭合状态。在燃烧状态下,控制翻转门625使其呈基本竖直的状态,这样落灰口61便呈打开的状态,此时炉膛10内固体燃料燃烧产生的炉灰能够经过落灰口61下落至位于该落灰口61下方的灰室4内。当需要进行清灰时,控制翻转门625呈基本水平状态并使其遮挡住落灰口61,这样落灰口61便呈闭合状态,此时再打开清灰口41,由清灰口41进入的气流被隔层6及翻转门625有效地阻挡住而不能直接的进入炉膛,相应的也就避免或减少了这些不可控的气流对于炉膛10内固体燃料的燃烧状态的影响,提高了燃烧装置的燃烧状态的可控性。In the present embodiment, as shown in FIGS. 11 to 18, the opening and closing device 62 is constituted by at least one inverting door 625 disposed at the ash discharge port 61, and the control flip door 625 is in a substantially horizontal state, and the ash discharge port 61 is closed. . In the burning state, the flip door 625 is controlled to be in a substantially vertical state, so that the ash discharge port 61 is opened, and the ash generated by the combustion of the solid fuel in the furnace 10 can be dropped to the ash port 61. The ash chamber 4 below the ash discharge port 61 is inside. When it is necessary to perform cleaning, the control flip door 625 is in a substantially horizontal state and is shielded from the ash discharge port 61, so that the ash discharge port 61 is in a closed state, and at this time, the ash cleaning port 41 is opened again, and is entered by the ash cleaning port 41. The airflow is effectively blocked by the compartment 6 and the flip door 625 and cannot directly enter the furnace, thereby correspondingly avoiding or reducing the influence of these uncontrollable airflows on the combustion state of the solid fuel in the furnace 10, and improving the combustion apparatus. The controllability of the combustion state.
在本实施例一个可选的例子中,翻转门625上还可以安装有扭转弹性元件,在本发明中对扭转弹性元件的形式不做限制,扭转弹性元件的作用是能够将翻转门625扭持在呈基本竖直的位置,以使落灰口61呈开启状态。In an alternative example of the embodiment, the flip door 625 can also be mounted with a torsion elastic element. In the present invention, the form of the torsion elastic element is not limited. The function of the torsion elastic element is to be able to twist the flip door 625. In a substantially vertical position, the ash port 61 is opened.
在本实施例一个可选的例子中,如图11、图12所示,启闭装置62仅由一个翻转门625 构成。当翻转门625呈基本水平状态时,翻转门625的周缘与落灰口61的周缘相接,以将落灰口61闭合。In an optional example of the embodiment, as shown in FIGS. 11 and 12, the opening and closing device 62 is only provided by a flip door 625. Composition. When the flip door 625 is in a substantially horizontal state, the periphery of the flip door 625 is in contact with the periphery of the ash apex 61 to close the ash apex 61.
在本实施例的另一个可选的例子中,如图13、图14所示,启闭装置62具有两个以上的翻转门625,该两个以上的翻转门625的转动轴平行,当该两个以上的翻转门625处于基本水平状态时,能够将落灰口口61关闭。该两个以上的翻转门625之间由连动杆连接,通过连动杆能够控制所有翻转门625同时转动。In another optional example of the embodiment, as shown in FIGS. 13 and 14, the opening and closing device 62 has two or more flip doors 625, and the rotation axes of the two or more flip doors 625 are parallel. When the two or more flip doors 625 are in a substantially horizontal state, the dust discharge port 61 can be closed. The two or more flip doors 625 are connected by a linkage rod, and all the flip doors 625 can be controlled to rotate simultaneously by the linkage lever.
在本实施例的一个较佳的例子中,如图13、14所示,翻转门625由百叶结构构成,该百叶的转动轴基本呈水平设置。并且该百叶结构还可以设有连动杆,通过连动杆控制百叶结构的转动。In a preferred embodiment of the embodiment, as shown in Figures 13 and 14, the flip door 625 is constructed of a louver structure, the axis of rotation of which is substantially horizontal. And the louver structure can also be provided with a linkage rod, and the rotation of the louver structure is controlled by the linkage rod.
在本实施例一个可选的例子中,至少一个翻转门625的转动轴端6251或者每个翻转门625的转动轴端6251伸出炉壁7的外侧,转动轴端6251可以连接有如图17所示的旋钮6253,或者,转动轴端6251可以连接有如图18所示的摇柄6254,通过转动旋钮6253或摇柄6254来控制翻转门625的转动,使落灰口61处于开启或关闭的状态。In an optional example of the embodiment, the rotating shaft end 6251 of the at least one flip door 625 or the rotating shaft end 6251 of each flip door 625 extends out of the outer side of the furnace wall 7, and the rotating shaft end 6251 can be connected as shown in FIG. The knob 6253, or the rotating shaft end 6251, may be connected with a crank 6254 as shown in FIG. 18, and the rotation of the flip door 625 is controlled by rotating the knob 6253 or the crank 6254 so that the ash port 61 is in an open or closed state.
在本实施例中,如图11至14所示,对应于炉箅14下方的隔层6的形状可以为锥斗形,或者,如图15、16所示,隔层6也可以设计为平板形。In the present embodiment, as shown in FIGS. 11 to 14, the shape of the spacer 6 corresponding to the lower portion of the furnace 14 may be a cone shape, or, as shown in FIGS. 15 and 16, the spacer 6 may also be designed as a flat plate. shape.
实施例四Embodiment 4
在本实施例中,如图19至25所示,启闭装置62为单开(如图22、图23所示)或对开(如图24、25所示)的绕枢轴6261转动的折页门626。当固体燃料燃烧时,控制折页门626处于基本竖直的状态将落灰口61打开,这样固体燃料燃烧产生的炉灰53能够经落灰口61落入位于其下方的灰室4内。当需要出灰时,控制折页门626处于基本水平的状态并遮挡住落灰口61,以使落灰口61呈闭合状态,此时再打开清灰口41,由清灰口41进入的气流被隔层6及折页门626有效地阻挡住而不能直接的进入炉膛,相应的也就避免或减少了这些不可控的气流对于炉膛10内固体燃料的燃烧状态的影响,提高了燃烧装置的燃烧状态的可控性。In the present embodiment, as shown in FIGS. 19 to 25, the opening and closing device 62 is rotated about the pivot 6261 in a single opening (as shown in FIGS. 22 and 23) or off (as shown in FIGS. 24 and 25). Folding door 626. When the solid fuel is burned, the control folding door 626 is in a substantially vertical state to open the ash discharge port 61, so that the ash 53 produced by the combustion of the solid fuel can fall into the ash chamber 4 located below it through the ash discharge port 61. When the ash is required to be ashed, the control folding door 626 is in a substantially horizontal state and blocks the ash discharge port 61 so that the ash discharge port 61 is in a closed state. At this time, the ash discharge port 41 is opened again, and the ash discharge port 41 enters. The airflow is effectively blocked by the compartment 6 and the folding door 626 and cannot directly enter the furnace, and accordingly the effect of these uncontrollable airflows on the combustion state of the solid fuel in the furnace 10 is avoided or reduced, and the combustion apparatus is improved. The controllability of the combustion state.
在本实施例一个可选的例子中,如图19、20所示,折页门626还包括有控制装置627,折页门626的控制装置627至少包括一支撑杆6271,支撑杆6271一端铰接支撑于折页门626对应于折页的一侧;支撑杆6271的另一端具有受控升降装置6272。升降装置6272驱动支撑杆6271上下移动,从而带动折页门626绕枢轴6261转动。In an optional example of the embodiment, as shown in FIGS. 19 and 20, the folding door 626 further includes a control device 627. The control device 627 of the folding door 626 includes at least one support rod 6271, and the support rod 6271 is hinged at one end. Supported on the side of the folding door 626 corresponding to the folding; the other end of the support rod 6271 has a controlled lifting device 6272. The lifting device 6272 drives the support rod 6271 to move up and down, thereby driving the folding door 626 to rotate about the pivot 6261.
在本实施例的一个可选的例子中,如图19至图21所示,升降装置6272具有可沿垂直设置支撑轴6273上下移动的滑套6274,支撑杆6271的一端接于滑套6274上,通过滑套6274 沿支撑轴6273的升降可以控制支撑杆6271另一端的折页门626的开启和关闭。In an optional example of the embodiment, as shown in FIG. 19 to FIG. 21, the lifting device 6272 has a sliding sleeve 6274 which can be moved up and down along the vertical setting support shaft 6273, and one end of the supporting rod 6271 is connected to the sliding sleeve 6274. Through the slip sleeve 6274 The opening and closing of the folding door 626 at the other end of the support rod 6271 can be controlled by the lifting along the support shaft 6273.
在本实施例一个可选的例子中,如图21所示,滑套6274可由导通于炉壁7之外的杠杆6275控制其升降,杠杆6275的一端铰接于滑套6274,杠杆6275的支点6276位于炉壁7;杠杆6275的另一端位于炉壁7外,并设有固定装置。当需要关闭落灰口61时,下压杠杆6275位于炉壁7外的一端,使得杠杆6275位于炉膛10内的一端上翘并带动滑套6274上升;在上升的滑套6274的驱动下,支撑杆6271带动折页门626绕枢轴6261向上转动将落灰口61关闭。当需要开启落灰口61时,上提杠杆6275位于炉壁外的一端,使得杠杆6275位于炉膛10内的一端下移并带动滑套6274下降;在下降的滑套6274的驱动下,支撑杆6271带动折页门626绕枢轴6261向下转动将落灰口61开启。当需要使落灰口61长时间处于开启状态或关闭状态时,用固定装置将杠杆6275位于炉壁7外的一端固定即可。In an optional example of the embodiment, as shown in FIG. 21, the sliding sleeve 6274 can be controlled by the lever 6275 which is open outside the furnace wall 7, and one end of the lever 6275 is hinged to the sliding sleeve 6274, and the fulcrum of the lever 6275 6276 is located on the furnace wall 7; the other end of the lever 6275 is located outside the furnace wall 7 and is provided with fixing means. When it is necessary to close the ash port 61, the pressing lever 6275 is located at one end of the furnace wall 7, so that the end of the lever 6275 located in the furnace 10 is upturned and drives the sliding sleeve 6274 to rise; under the driving of the rising sliding sleeve 6274, the support The lever 6271 drives the folding door 626 to rotate upward about the pivot 6261 to close the ash port 61. When it is necessary to open the ash ash port 61, the lifting lever 6275 is located at one end of the furnace wall, so that the lever 6275 is located at one end of the furnace 10 and moves down the sliding sleeve 6274; under the driving of the descending sliding sleeve 6274, the supporting rod The 6271 drives the folding door 626 to rotate downward about the pivot 6261 to open the ash port 61. When it is necessary to leave the ash discharge port 61 in an open state or a closed state for a long time, the fixing device may be used to fix the end of the lever 6275 outside the furnace wall 7.
在本实施例另一个可选的例子中,如图22至25所示,折页门626设有门枢轴结构;该门枢轴结构6262的轴端伸出炉壁7外侧,该伸出炉壁7外侧的轴端连接有旋钮或摇杆,由旋钮或摇杆带动上述门枢轴结构6262转动,从而控制折页门626的启闭状态。In another optional example of the embodiment, as shown in FIGS. 22 to 25, the folding door 626 is provided with a door pivot structure; the shaft end of the door pivot structure 6262 extends beyond the outside of the furnace wall 7, and the extending wall The outer shaft end of the 7 is connected with a knob or a rocker, and the door pivot structure 6262 is rotated by a knob or a rocker to control the opening and closing state of the folding door 626.
在本实施例的一个可选的例子中,折页门626的门枢轴结构6262上设有扭转弹性元件,在本实施例中对扭转弹性元件的形式不做限制,扭转弹性元件的作用是能够将折页门625扭持在呈基本竖直的位置,以使落灰口61呈开启状态。In an alternative example of the embodiment, the door pivot structure 6262 of the folding door 626 is provided with a torsion elastic element. In this embodiment, the form of the torsion elastic element is not limited, and the function of the torsion elastic element is The folding door 625 can be twisted in a substantially vertical position to open the ash opening 61.
在本实施例中,如图22至24所示,对应于炉箅14下方的隔层6的形状可以为锥斗形,或者,如图19至图21所示,隔层6也可以设计为平板形。In the present embodiment, as shown in FIGS. 22 to 24, the shape of the spacer 6 corresponding to the lower portion of the furnace 14 may be a cone shape, or, as shown in FIGS. 19 to 21, the spacer 6 may also be designed as Flat shape.
实施例五Embodiment 5
在本实施例中如图26、图27所示,启闭装置62为平行于落灰口61设置的折叠门628。在燃烧状态下,控制折叠门628使其收拢于落灰口61的外侧,这样落灰口61便呈打开的状态,此时炉膛10内固体燃料燃烧产生的炉灰能够经过落灰口61下落至位于该落灰口61下方的灰室4内。当需要进行清灰时,控制折叠门628使其拉展于落灰口61处并遮挡住落灰口61,这样落灰口61便呈闭合状态,此时再打开清灰口41,由清灰口41进入的气流被隔层6及折叠门628有效地阻挡住而不能直接的进入炉膛,相应的也就避免或减少了这些不可控的气流对于炉膛10内固体燃料的燃烧状态的影响,提高了燃烧装置的燃烧状态的可控性。In the present embodiment, as shown in Figs. 26 and 27, the opening and closing device 62 is a folding door 628 provided parallel to the ash discharge port 61. In the burning state, the folding door 628 is controlled to be gathered to the outside of the ash discharge port 61, so that the ash discharge port 61 is opened, and the ash generated by the combustion of the solid fuel in the furnace 10 can be dropped through the ash discharge port 61. To the ash chamber 4 located below the ash apex 61. When it is necessary to perform cleaning, the folding door 628 is controlled to be stretched at the ash discharge port 61 and the ash discharge port 61 is blocked, so that the ash discharge port 61 is closed, and then the ash cleaning port 41 is opened again. The airflow entering the ash port 41 is effectively blocked by the partition 6 and the folding door 628 and cannot directly enter the furnace, and accordingly the effect of these uncontrollable air flows on the combustion state of the solid fuel in the furnace 10 is avoided or reduced. The controllability of the combustion state of the combustion device is improved.
在本实施例一个可选的例子中,如图26、27所示,在折叠门628的至少一端设有弹性复位装置,弹性复位装置能够保持折叠门628收拢为收拢状态;在折叠门628的另一端设有收拉机构6282,在出灰状态下,收拉机构6282将折叠门628拉展于落灰口处。在本实 施例中,对于弹性复位装置和收拉机构6282的具体形式可以不做限制,只要能满足收拢和拉展折叠门的功能即可。In an optional example of the embodiment, as shown in FIGS. 26 and 27, at least one end of the folding door 628 is provided with an elastic returning device capable of keeping the folding door 628 folded into a collapsed state; The other end is provided with a pulling mechanism 6282. In the ashing state, the pulling mechanism 6282 stretches the folding door 628 at the ash ash opening. In this reality In the embodiment, the specific form of the elastic return device and the retracting mechanism 6282 may be not limited as long as the function of folding and pulling the folding door can be satisfied.
在本实施例一个可选的例子中,收拉机构6282可以为拉索或接杆或拨杆。In an alternative example of this embodiment, the pull mechanism 6282 can be a cable or a post or lever.
在本实施例一个可选的例子中,如图26、图27所示,对应于炉箅14下方的隔层6的形状为平板形,以便于折叠门621的收拢和展开。In an alternative example of this embodiment, as shown in FIGS. 26 and 27, the shape of the barrier layer 6 corresponding to the underside of the furnace 14 is in the shape of a flat plate to facilitate the folding and unfolding of the folding door 621.
实施例六Embodiment 6
在本实施例中,如图28、29所示,启闭装置62为基本平行于落灰口的卷帘门629。在燃烧状态下,控制卷帘门629使其收拢于落灰口61的外侧,这样落灰口61便呈打开的状态,此时炉膛10内固体燃料燃烧产生的炉灰53能够经过落灰口61下落至位于该落灰口61下方的灰室4内。当需要进行清灰时,控制卷帘门629使其拉展于落灰口61处并遮挡住落灰口61,这样落灰口61便呈闭合状态,此时再打开清灰口41,由清灰口41进入的气流被隔层6及卷帘门629有效地阻挡住而不能直接的进入炉膛,相应的也就避免或减少了这些不可控的气流对于炉膛10内固体燃料的燃烧状态的影响,提高了燃烧装置的燃烧状态的可控性。In the present embodiment, as shown in Figs. 28 and 29, the opening and closing device 62 is a roller shutter door 629 which is substantially parallel to the ash discharge port. In the burning state, the rolling door 629 is controlled to be gathered to the outside of the ash discharge port 61, so that the ash discharge port 61 is opened, and the ash 53 generated by the combustion of the solid fuel in the furnace 10 can be dropped through the ash discharge port 61. To the ash chamber 4 located below the ash apex 61. When it is necessary to perform cleaning, the rolling door 629 is controlled to be stretched at the ash discharge port 61 and the ash discharge port 61 is blocked, so that the ash discharge port 61 is closed, and then the ash cleaning port 41 is opened again, and the ash cleaning port 41 is opened. The airflow entering the port 41 is effectively blocked by the partition 6 and the shutter door 629 and cannot directly enter the furnace, thereby correspondingly avoiding or reducing the influence of these uncontrollable air flows on the combustion state of the solid fuel in the furnace 10, thereby improving Controllability of the combustion state of the combustion device.
在本实施例的一个可选的例子中,卷帘门629至少一端卷轴伸出于炉壁7外,由手动控制该卷轴的转动改变来控制卷帘门629相对于落灰口61的启闭状态。In an alternative example of the present embodiment, at least one end of the rolling door 629 protrudes beyond the furnace wall 7, and the opening and closing state of the shutter door 629 with respect to the ash discharge port 61 is controlled by manually controlling the rotation change of the reel.
在本实施例的另一个可选的例子中,卷帘门629至少一端卷轴伸出于炉壁7外,在卷轴伸出炉壁7外的一端连接有电动装置,由该电动装置控制卷轴的转动,进而改变卷帘门629相对于落灰口61的启闭状态。In another optional example of the embodiment, at least one end of the rolling door 629 protrudes from the furnace wall 7, and an electric device is connected to one end of the reel extending from the furnace wall 7, and the rotation of the reel is controlled by the electric device. The opening and closing state of the shutter door 629 with respect to the ash discharge port 61 is changed.
在本实施例一个可选的例子中,如图28、图29所示,对应于炉箅14下方的隔层6的形状为平板形,以便于卷帘门629的收拢和展开。In an alternative example of the present embodiment, as shown in FIGS. 28 and 29, the shape of the partition 6 corresponding to the underside of the furnace 14 is in the shape of a flat plate to facilitate the gathering and unfolding of the shutter door 629.
本发明还提出一种具有上述灰室结构的固体燃料的燃烧装置100,如图30、图31所示,该燃烧装置100包括炉膛10,在炉膛10上设有进风口12和固体燃料进料口11,进料口11设在炉膛10的顶部,在炉膛10内对应进料口11设置有承接从进料口11进入的固体燃料5的炉箅14,在进料口一侧的炉箅14上方炉膛形成为进风侧101,与该进风侧101相对的进料口11另一侧的炉膛形成为燃烧侧102;在燃烧侧102形成有导通于尾气出口201的燃烧腔3;炉箅14具有用于排灰的空隙结构,炉箅14下方设置有灰室4,在灰室4的侧壁上设有清灰口41,在炉膛10内的炉箅14与清灰口41之间的高度上设有隔层6,隔层6下方构成灰室4;隔层6上设有落灰口61,落灰口61对应形成于炉箅14的下方;落灰口61设有启闭装置62;在出灰状态下控制启闭装置62关闭从而使落灰口61呈闭合状态,从而阻挡从清灰口41进入 的气体进入燃烧室。The present invention also provides a solid fuel combustion apparatus 100 having the above-described gray chamber structure. As shown in FIGS. 30 and 31, the combustion apparatus 100 includes a furnace 10 on which an air inlet 12 and a solid fuel feed are provided. The port 11, the feed port 11 is provided at the top of the furnace 10, and the corresponding feed port 11 in the furnace 10 is provided with a furnace 14 for receiving the solid fuel 5 entering from the feed port 11, and a furnace on the side of the feed port The upper furnace is formed as the inlet side 101, the furnace on the other side of the inlet port 11 opposite to the inlet side 101 is formed as a combustion side 102; on the combustion side 102 is formed a combustion chamber 3 which is electrically connected to the outlet outlet 201; The furnace 14 has a void structure for ash discharge, a ash chamber 4 is disposed below the furnace 14, a ash cleaning port 41 is provided on the side wall of the ash chamber 4, and a furnace 14 and a ash cleaning port 41 in the furnace 10 are provided. A partition layer 6 is disposed between the heights, and a ash chamber 4 is formed below the partition layer 6; the ash layer 61 is disposed on the partition layer 6, and the ash ash port 61 is formed correspondingly below the furnace raft 14; The opening and closing device 62; in the ash discharging state, the control opening and closing device 62 is closed to make the ash ash port 61 closed, thereby blocking entry from the ash cleaning port 41. The gas enters the combustion chamber.
本发明的固体燃料的燃烧装置100的具体例子中,可以采用上述实施例一至实施例六所述的任意一种灰室结构,在此不在一一详述。In the specific example of the solid fuel combustion apparatus 100 of the present invention, any of the gray chamber structures described in the above-described first to sixth embodiments may be employed, and will not be described in detail herein.
本发明的上述描述仅为示例性的属性,因此没有偏离本发明要旨的各种变形理应在本发明的范围之内。这些变形不应被视为偏离本发明的精神和范围。 The above description of the present invention is intended to be illustrative only, and various modifications that do not depart from the gist of the present invention are intended to be within the scope of the present invention. These variations are not to be regarded as a departure from the spirit and scope of the invention.

Claims (23)

  1. 一种灰室结构,该灰室结构包括形成于炉膛的炉箅下方用于承接炉灰的灰室,在所述灰室的侧壁上设有清灰口,其特征在于,在炉膛内的炉箅与清灰口之间的高度上设有隔层,隔层下方构成所述灰室;所述隔层上设有落灰口,所述落灰口对应形成于炉箅下方;该落灰口设有启闭装置;在出灰状态下控制启闭装置关闭使落灰口呈闭合状态,阻挡从清灰口进入的气体进入燃烧室。A ash chamber structure comprising a ash chamber formed under the furnace of the furnace for receiving ash, and a ash cleaning port on the side wall of the ash chamber, characterized in that a height is disposed between the furnace and the cleaning port, and the ash chamber is formed below the partition; the partition layer is provided with a ash ash opening, and the ash ash port is correspondingly formed under the furnace; The ash port is provided with an opening and closing device; in the ash discharging state, the opening and closing device is closed to close the ash ash port, and the gas entering from the ash cleaning port is blocked from entering the combustion chamber.
  2. 如权利要求1所述的灰室结构,其特征在于,所述对应于炉箅下方的隔层的形状为平板形或锥斗形。A ash chamber structure according to claim 1, wherein said partition corresponding to the underside of the furnace is in the shape of a flat plate or a cone.
  3. 如权利要求1所述的灰室结构,其特征在于,所述启闭装置为沿隔层上表面或下表面移动的抽拉门,抽拉门位于落灰口处为闭合状态。The ash chamber structure according to claim 1, wherein the opening and closing device is a drawing door that moves along an upper surface or a lower surface of the partition, and the drawing door is in a closed state at the ash ash opening.
  4. 如权利要求3所述的灰室结构,其特征在于,所述的隔层一端上方或下方的炉壁处设有抽拉门插入的缝隙,所述抽拉门由该缝隙沿隔层表面插入炉膛内,落灰口呈闭合状态。The ash chamber structure according to claim 3, wherein a gap in which the drawing door is inserted is provided at a furnace wall above or below one end of the partition, and the drawing door is inserted along the surface of the partition by the slit. In the furnace, the ash outlet is closed.
  5. 如权利要求4所述的灰室结构,其特征在于,抽拉门的里端设有销轴,炉壁一侧设有销轴套,销轴进入销轴套转动向上或向下折贴于炉壁外侧。The ash chamber structure according to claim 4, wherein the inner end of the drawing door is provided with a pin shaft, and one side of the furnace wall is provided with a pin bushing, and the pin shaft enters the pin bushing and is rotated upward or downward to be folded on Outside the furnace wall.
  6. 如权利要求3所述的灰室结构,其特征在于,所述的抽拉门一端连接有拉索或拉杆,拉索通过炉壁通孔导通于炉壁外,拉动拉索控制抽拉门的启闭状态。The ash chamber structure according to claim 3, wherein one end of the drawing door is connected with a cable or a pull rod, and the cable leads through the through hole of the furnace wall to the outside of the furnace wall, and pulls the cable to control the drawing door. Open and close state.
  7. 如权利要求6所述的灰室结构,其特征在于,所述抽拉门的与拉索的对应端设有弹性复位装置,将抽拉门拉持在落灰口的开启状态。The ash chamber structure according to claim 6, wherein the corresponding end of the drawing door and the cable is provided with an elastic returning device for pulling the drawing door in an open state of the ash ash opening.
  8. 如权利要求6所述的灰室结构,其特征在于,所述隔层自炉箅一侧向燃烧腔一侧向下倾斜,抽拉门保持在燃烧膛侧,落灰口呈开启状态。The ash chamber structure according to claim 6, wherein the partition layer is inclined downward from the furnace side toward the combustion chamber side, the drawing door is maintained on the combustion side, and the ash discharge opening is opened.
  9. 如权利要求3-8中任意一项所述的灰室结构,其特征在于,所述抽拉门的两侧沿炉壁内侧设有定位滑槽,抽拉门沿滑槽抽拉。The ash chamber structure according to any one of claims 3-8, characterized in that both sides of the drawing door are provided with positioning sliding grooves along the inner side of the furnace wall, and the drawing doors are pulled along the sliding grooves.
  10. 如权利要求1所述的灰室结构,其特征在于,所述启闭装置由至少一个设置于落灰口的翻转门构成。A ash chamber structure according to claim 1, wherein said opening and closing means is constituted by at least one inverting door provided at the ash ash opening.
  11. 如权利要求10所述的灰室结构,其特征在于,所述至少一个翻转门或者每个翻转门的转动轴端伸出炉壁外侧,由旋钮或摇柄的控制翻转门的转动。The ash chamber structure according to claim 10, wherein the at least one flip door or the rotating shaft end of each flip door extends outside the furnace wall, and the rotation of the door is reversed by the control of the knob or the crank handle.
  12. 如权利要求11所述的灰室结构,其特征在于,所述翻转门具有两个以上,该两个以上的翻转门之间由连动杆连接,控制所有翻转门同时转动。The ash chamber structure according to claim 11, wherein the flip door has two or more, and the two or more flip doors are connected by a linkage rod to control all the flip doors to rotate at the same time.
  13. 如权利要求10所述的灰室结构,其特征在于,所述翻转门由百叶结构构成,所述 百叶的转动轴基本呈水平设置。A ash chamber structure according to claim 10, wherein said flip door is constructed of a louver structure, said The axis of rotation of the louvers is substantially horizontal.
  14. 如权利要求1所述的灰室结构,其特征在于,所述启闭装置为单开或对开的绕枢轴转动的折页门。The ash chamber structure of claim 1 wherein said opening and closing means is a single-open or split pivoting hinge door.
  15. 如权利要求14所述的灰室结构,其特征在于,所述折页门的控制装置至少包括一支撑杆,该支撑杆一端铰接支撑于折页门对应于折页一侧;支撑杆的另一端具有受控升降装置。The ash chamber structure according to claim 14, wherein the folding door control device comprises at least one support rod, the support rod is hingedly supported at one end to the hinge door corresponding to the folding side; and the support rod is further A controlled lifting device is provided at one end.
  16. 如权利要求15所述的灰室结构,其特征在于,所述的升降装置具有可沿垂直设置支撑轴升降的滑套,所述支撑杆接于滑套上,滑套的升降能控制支撑杆另一端的折页门的开启。The ash chamber structure according to claim 15, wherein the lifting device has a sliding sleeve that can be raised and lowered along a vertical setting support shaft, the support rod is connected to the sliding sleeve, and the lifting and lowering of the sliding sleeve can control the supporting rod The folding door at the other end is opened.
  17. 如权得要求16所述的灰室结构,其特征在于,所述滑套可由导通于炉壁之外的杠杆控制其升降,所述杠杆一端铰接于滑套,支点位于炉壁;所述杠杆的另一端位于炉壁外,并设有固定装置。The ash chamber structure according to claim 16, wherein the sliding sleeve is controlled to be lifted and lowered by a lever that is open outside the furnace wall, the lever is hinged at one end to the sliding sleeve, and the fulcrum is located at the furnace wall; The other end of the lever is located outside the furnace wall and is provided with a fixture.
  18. 如权利要求17所述的灰室结构,其特征在于,所述折页门设有门枢轴结构;该门枢轴结构的轴端伸出炉壁外侧,由旋钮或摇杆带动其转动,控制折页门的启闭状态。The ash chamber structure according to claim 17, wherein the folding door is provided with a door pivot structure; the shaft end of the door pivot structure extends outside the furnace wall, and is rotated by a knob or a rocker to control The opening and closing state of the folding door.
  19. 如权利要求1所述的灰室结构,其特征在于,所述启闭装置为平行于落灰口设置的折叠门。A ash chamber structure according to claim 1, wherein said opening and closing means is a folding door disposed parallel to the ash ash opening.
  20. 如权利要求19所述的灰室结构,其特征在于,所述的折叠门至少的一端设有弹性复位装置,该弹性复位装置保持折叠门收拢为收拢状态;另一端设有收拉机构,在出灰状态下,该收拉机构将折叠门拉展于落灰口处。The ash chamber structure according to claim 19, wherein at least one end of the folding door is provided with an elastic returning device, the elastic returning device keeps the folding door gathered to be in a folded state; and the other end is provided with a pulling mechanism, In the ashing state, the pulling mechanism pulls the folding door at the ash ash opening.
  21. 如权利要求1所述的灰室结构,其特征在于,所述启闭装置为基本平行于落灰口的卷帘门。A ash chamber structure according to claim 1 wherein said opening and closing means is a roller shutter that is substantially parallel to the ash ash opening.
  22. 如权利要求21所述的灰室结构,其特征在于,所述卷帘门至少一端卷轴伸出于炉壁外,由手动或电动控制其转动改变其相对于落灰口的启闭状态。The ash chamber structure according to claim 21, wherein at least one end of the rolling door protrudes outside the furnace wall, and its rotation relative to the ash ash opening is changed by manual or electric control of its rotation.
  23. 一种固体燃料的燃烧装置,包括炉膛,在炉膛上设有进风口和固体燃料进料口,其特征在于,所述进料口设在炉膛顶部,在炉膛内对应所述进料口设置有承接从进料口进入的固体燃料的炉箅,在进料口一侧的炉箅上方炉膛形成为进风侧,与该进风侧相对的进料口另一侧的炉膛形成为燃烧侧;在所述燃烧侧形成有导通于尾气出口的燃烧腔;所述炉箅下方设置有灰室,所述灰室具有如权利要求1至22任一权利要求所述的灰室结构。 A solid fuel combustion device includes a furnace having an air inlet and a solid fuel feed port on the furnace, wherein the feed port is disposed at the top of the furnace, and the feed port is disposed corresponding to the feed port in the furnace a furnace for receiving solid fuel entering from the feed inlet, the furnace is formed on the inlet side above the furnace on the side of the inlet, and the furnace on the other side of the inlet opposite to the inlet is formed as a combustion side; A combustion chamber that is open to the exhaust gas outlet is formed on the combustion side; a ash chamber is provided below the furnace, the ash chamber having the ash chamber structure according to any one of claims 1 to 22.
PCT/CN2015/084288 2014-07-24 2015-07-17 Ash chamber structure and combustion device comprising ash chamber WO2016011916A1 (en)

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Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US830895A (en) * 1905-07-07 1906-09-11 Patrick Hannan Dustless ash-sifter and draft-regulator for stoves.
US944317A (en) * 1909-12-28 Mame Carney Attachment for stoves.
US2695010A (en) * 1950-02-02 1954-11-23 Directie Staatsmijnen Nl Furnace for burning solid fuels
CN2103749U (en) * 1991-07-03 1992-05-06 同心县修配厂 Multifunctional water-gas stove
CN2151389Y (en) * 1993-03-15 1993-12-29 赵象清 Multifunctional household heating stove using gangue
CN202012948U (en) * 2010-05-05 2011-10-19 北京科技桥科贸有限公司 Three-return counter heating type biomass super-thermal-conductive semi-gasification furnace
WO2012155869A1 (en) * 2011-05-18 2012-11-22 Hendrych Peter Stove base, with storage area

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US944317A (en) * 1909-12-28 Mame Carney Attachment for stoves.
US830895A (en) * 1905-07-07 1906-09-11 Patrick Hannan Dustless ash-sifter and draft-regulator for stoves.
US2695010A (en) * 1950-02-02 1954-11-23 Directie Staatsmijnen Nl Furnace for burning solid fuels
CN2103749U (en) * 1991-07-03 1992-05-06 同心县修配厂 Multifunctional water-gas stove
CN2151389Y (en) * 1993-03-15 1993-12-29 赵象清 Multifunctional household heating stove using gangue
CN202012948U (en) * 2010-05-05 2011-10-19 北京科技桥科贸有限公司 Three-return counter heating type biomass super-thermal-conductive semi-gasification furnace
WO2012155869A1 (en) * 2011-05-18 2012-11-22 Hendrych Peter Stove base, with storage area

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