CN203996777U - Boats and ships are opening cover plate under water - Google Patents

Boats and ships are opening cover plate under water Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203996777U
CN203996777U CN201420429466.9U CN201420429466U CN203996777U CN 203996777 U CN203996777 U CN 203996777U CN 201420429466 U CN201420429466 U CN 201420429466U CN 203996777 U CN203996777 U CN 203996777U
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cover plate
ships
boats
under water
opening
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CN201420429466.9U
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鲍波
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鲍波
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a kind of boats and ships opening cover plate under water, for being sealed in the opening under water of boats and ships, and for example thruster cylindrical shell, sea chest and outboard hole.This cover plate comprises a plate body and a seal ring, this plate body matches with the shape of shell contact portion and the shape of corresponding opening, sealing circle is arranged on this plate body, on this plate body, also there is the first connection structure, for and corresponding opening on second connection structure coordinate, so that this cover plate is installed to corresponding opening.

Description

Boats and ships are opening cover plate under water
Technical field
The utility model relates to maintenance of the vessel field, especially relates to a kind of boats and ships opening cover plate under water.
Background technology
Boats and ships arrange propelling unit and make boats and ships transverse shifting in the cylindrical shell of thruster, so that boats and ships are near harbour or undock.In the tenure of use of boats and ships, approximately have and be wound around and need keep in repair because of thruster damage or by pasture and water and fishing net for 3~5 times.Current maintenance mode is to drive boats and ships into dock, and draining is keeped in repair.But the expense of the maintenance that lies up is higher, and consuming time longer.Consider that again boats and ships cannot navigate by water in the maintenance period loss causing, the cost of the maintenance that at every turn lies up is surprising.Similarly, boats and ships sea chest or outboard hole also exist by pasture and water and fishing net and are wound around and the situation of the maintenance that need to lie up.
In order to reduce the maintenance cost of boats and ships, improve Shipping efficiency and marine technology economy index, need to there is a kind of better maintenance mode.
Utility model content
Technical problem to be solved in the utility model is to provide a kind of boats and ships opening cover plate under water, can cover at boats and ships opening under water with insulating sea water, so that boats and ships keep in repair in the situation that not entering dock.
The utility model is that to solve the problems of the technologies described above the technical scheme adopting be to propose a kind of boats and ships opening cover plates under water, for being sealed in the opening under water of boats and ships, it is characterized in that, this cover plate comprises a plate body and a seal ring, this plate body matches with the shape of shell contact portion and the shape of corresponding opening, and sealing circle is arranged on this plate body, also has the first connection structure on this plate body, for and corresponding opening on second connection structure coordinate, so that this cover plate is installed to corresponding opening.
In an embodiment of the present utility model, on this plate body, comprise exterior skin, inside panel and be wrapped in this exterior skin and this inside panel between core.
In an embodiment of the present utility model, this plate body inside has reinforced rib.
In an embodiment of the present utility model, the proportion of this cover plate is about 1g/cm 3.
In an embodiment of the present utility model, the material of this plate body is poly-ester fibres or resin fibre.
In an embodiment of the present utility model, this first connection structure is bolt, and this second connection structure is nut.
In an embodiment of the present utility model, this first connection structure is the screw rod of front end with hook portion, and this second connection structure is the grid on shell.
In an embodiment of the present utility model, this cover plate is polygon.
In an embodiment of the present utility model, the face that this cover plate contacts with shell is plane.
In an embodiment of the present utility model, the face that this cover plate contacts with shell is curved surface.
The utility model is by boats and ships opening cover plate under water, keep in repair boats and ships under water before open device by corresponding underwater sealing, to stop seawater to enter.Like this, the maintenance of equipment work in opening under water of these boats and ships needn't be arrived in dock and be carried out, thereby has saved service expenditure and maintenance time.
Brief description of the drawings
For above-mentioned purpose of the present utility model, feature and advantage can be become apparent, below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, detailed description of the invention of the present utility model is elaborated, wherein:
Fig. 1 illustrates the boats and ships opening cover plate front view under water of the utility model one embodiment.
Fig. 2 illustrates the boats and ships opening cover plate lateral plan under water of the utility model one embodiment.
Fig. 3 illustrates the boats and ships local edge view of opening cover plate under water of the utility model one embodiment.
Fig. 4 illustrates boats and ships angular views of opening cover plate under water of another embodiment of the utility model.
Fig. 5 illustrates boats and ships another angular views of opening cover plate under water of another embodiment of the utility model.
Fig. 6 illustrates the boats and ships local edge view of opening cover plate under water of another embodiment of the utility model.
Detailed description of the invention
Embodiment of the present utility model proposes a kind of boats and ships opening cover plate under water, for being sealed in boats and ships opening under water, so that insulating sea water.After the opening under water of boats and ships is sealed, boats and ships just can keep in repair in the situation that not entering dock.Boats and ships under water opening include but not limited to, boats and ships thruster cylinder two ends port, boats and ships sea chest and boats and ships outboard hole.Corresponding maintenance comprises removing of thruster maintenance, subsea pump maintenance and mud shellfish etc.
Fig. 1 illustrates the boats and ships opening cover plate front view under water of the utility model one embodiment.Fig. 2 illustrates the boats and ships opening cover plate lateral plan under water of the utility model one embodiment.Fig. 3 illustrates the boats and ships local edge view of opening cover plate under water of the utility model one embodiment.Shown in figure 1-3, boats and ships under water opening comprise plate body 11 and seal ring 12 with cover plate 10.The shape of the opening under water that plate body 11 is corresponding with boats and ships with the shape of hull contact portion matches.In the present embodiment, opening is the both sides port of boats and ships thruster cylinder under water.Correspondingly, in the present embodiment, the shape of plate body 11 is set to polygon, for example octagon.Plate body 11 is curved surface slightly.Seal ring 12 is arranged on plate body 11.Particularly, seal ring 12 is located at plate body 11 on sealing surface (inside face).On plate body 11, also there is the first connection structure, for the corresponding oral area of thruster cylinder on the second connection structure coordinate, cover plate is installed to the corresponding oral area of thruster cylinder.In the present embodiment, the first connection structure comprises multiple screw rods 20.One end of each screw rod 20 is arranged in the perforation of plate body 11 by nut 21.The other end of each screw rod 20 has hook portion 22 so that and the second connection structure cooperation.In the present embodiment, the second connection structure is the grid in the both sides port of thruster cylinder.
Plate body 11 can be double layer sandwich structure, comprise exterior skin, inside panel and be wrapped in this exterior skin and this inside panel between core.
Preferably, the proportion of cover plate 10 is about 1g/cm 3.This proportion and sea water density are suitable, can allow cover plate 10 substantially can be suspended under water, are convenient to Divers and operate under water cover plate and install.In order to obtain lighter density, the material of plate body 11 can be glass-felt plastic, such as poly-ester fibres or resin fibre etc.
Owing to will bearing certain sea pressure, cover plate 10 has certain requirement of strength.For instance, if require cover plate 10 can bear 15 meters of pressure under water, can set cover plate 10 15 meters of under water, maximum displacement is 5.2mm, and maximum Mises' (Mises) stress value is 47MPa.Cover plate 10 can calculate through finite element method, to meet requirement of strength.In order to improve intensity, can be at the interior reinforced rib that arranges of plate body 11.
Fig. 4 illustrates boats and ships angular views of opening cover plate under water of another embodiment of the utility model.Fig. 5 illustrates boats and ships another angular views of opening cover plate under water of another embodiment of the utility model.Fig. 6 illustrates the boats and ships local edge view of opening cover plate under water of another embodiment of the utility model.Shown in figure 4-6, boats and ships under water opening comprise plate body 31 and seal ring 32 with cover plate 30.The shape of the opening under water that plate body 31 is corresponding with boats and ships with the shape of hull contact portion matches.In the present embodiment, opening is boats and ships sea chest under water.Correspondingly, in the present embodiment, the shape of plate body 31 is set to polygon, for example rectangle.Plate body 31 is plane.Seal ring 32 is arranged on plate body 31.Particularly, seal ring 32 is located at plate body 31 on sealing surface (inside face).On plate body 31, also there is the first connection structure, for sea chest on second connection structure coordinate, so that cover plate is installed on sea chest.In the present embodiment, the first connection structure can comprise multiple bolts.In the screw 41 of the each ear 40 that is arranged on plate body 31 of each bolt.Second connection structure (nut) of each bolt and sea chest coordinates.In another embodiment, the first connection structure can comprise multiple screw rods.One end of each screw rod is arranged in the perforation of plate body 31 by screw thread.The other end of each screw rod has hook portion so that and the second connection structure cooperation.The second connection structure of sea chest is the grid on doorway, seabed.
Plate body 31 can be double layer sandwich structure, comprise exterior skin, inside panel and be wrapped in this exterior skin and this inside panel between core.
Preferably, the proportion of cover plate 30 is about 1g/cm 3.This proportion and sea water density are suitable, can allow cover plate 30 substantially can be suspended under water, are convenient to Divers and operate under water cover plate and install.In order to obtain lighter density, the material of plate body 31 can be glass-felt plastic, such as poly-ester fibres or resin fibre etc.
Owing to will bearing certain sea pressure, cover plate 30 has certain requirement of strength.For instance, if require cover plate 30 can bear 15 meters of pressure under water, can set cover plate 30 15 meters of under water, maximum displacement is 5.2mm, and maximum Mises' (Mises) stress value is 47MPa.Cover plate 20 can calculate through finite element method, to meet requirement of strength.In order to improve intensity, can be at the interior reinforced rib that arranges of plate body 31.
In each embodiment, cover plate the 10, the 30th, matches with the corresponding opening shape of boats and ships.For instance, boats and ships thruster is equipped with cover plate 10.Before installation, first two braids are tied down to cover plate 10, use crane to hang two braids, cover plate 10 is mentioned near the seawater slowly putting into.Diver buttresses buoyancy cover plate 10 in water, coordinates crane to be moved to the oral area of thruster cylinder.Diver dives beneath the water, and fastening all screw rods are until cover plate for sealing circle and hull are identical.Once thruster cylinder internal pressure reduces, outside sea pressure can be tighter cover plate being sealed on hull.The operation of another piece cover plate is identical with first.After the buoyancy cover plate of boats and ships both sides is all in place, the water in thruster cylindrical shell is all extracted out with inner lift pump and drainage system.Diver does safety inspection in buoyancy cover plate, after all are normal repairmans can approaching side ejector sleeve in the work that places under repair.The installation process of the cover plate 30 of sea chest is similar.
Therefore by the setting of cover plate, the maintenance of equipment work in boats and ships thruster cylinder, sea chest, outboard hole needn't be arrived in dock and be carried out, saved thus 60% lie up maintenance cost and save 70% navigation maintenance time.Because ships quantity is huge, this technical scheme can be saved every year several hundred million costs for whole maritime industry.
Although the utility model discloses as above with preferred embodiment; so it is not in order to limit the utility model; any those skilled in the art; not departing from spirit and scope of the present utility model; when doing a little amendment and perfect, therefore protection domain of the present utility model is worked as with being as the criterion that claims were defined.

Claims (10)

1. boats and ships opening cover plate under water, for being sealed in the opening under water of boats and ships, it is characterized in that, this cover plate comprises a plate body and a seal ring, this plate body matches with the shape of shell contact portion and the shape of corresponding opening, and sealing circle is arranged on this plate body, also has the first connection structure on this plate body, for and corresponding opening on second connection structure coordinate, so that this cover plate is installed to corresponding opening.
2. boats and ships as claimed in claim 1 opening cover plate under water, is characterized in that, this plate body comprise exterior skin, inside panel and be wrapped in this exterior skin and this inside panel between core.
3. boats and ships as claimed in claim 2 opening cover plate under water, is characterized in that, this plate body inside has reinforced rib.
4. boats and ships as claimed in claim 1 opening cover plate under water, is characterized in that, the proportion of this cover plate is about 1g/cm 3.
5. boats and ships as claimed in claim 1 opening cover plate under water, is characterized in that, the material of this plate body is poly-ester fibres or resin fibre.
6. boats and ships as claimed in claim 1 opening cover plate under water, is characterized in that, this first connection structure is bolt, and this second connection structure is nut.
7. boats and ships as claimed in claim 1 opening cover plate under water, is characterized in that, this first connection structure is the screw rod of front end with hook portion, and this second connection structure is grid.
8. boats and ships as claimed in claim 1 opening cover plate under water, is characterized in that, this cover plate is polygon.
9. boats and ships as claimed in claim 1 opening cover plate under water, is characterized in that, this cover plate and shell contact surface are plane.
10. boats and ships as claimed in claim 1 opening cover plate under water, is characterized in that, this cover plate and shell contact surface are curved surface.
CN201420429466.9U 2014-07-31 2014-07-31 Boats and ships are opening cover plate under water Active CN203996777U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420429466.9U CN203996777U (en) 2014-07-31 2014-07-31 Boats and ships are opening cover plate under water

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420429466.9U CN203996777U (en) 2014-07-31 2014-07-31 Boats and ships are opening cover plate under water

Publications (1)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110274119A (en) * 2019-06-27 2019-09-24 广船国际有限公司 A kind of marine piping component and the ship comprising it
CN112389583A (en) * 2020-11-25 2021-02-23 江南造船(集团)有限责任公司 Submarine door rapid water supply device during ship dry dock

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110274119A (en) * 2019-06-27 2019-09-24 广船国际有限公司 A kind of marine piping component and the ship comprising it
CN110274119B (en) * 2019-06-27 2021-04-30 广船国际有限公司 Ship pipeline assembly and ship comprising same
CN112389583A (en) * 2020-11-25 2021-02-23 江南造船(集团)有限责任公司 Submarine door rapid water supply device during ship dry dock

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