CN203600646U - Biomass briquette and particle all-in-one machine - Google Patents

Biomass briquette and particle all-in-one machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203600646U
CN203600646U CN201320785941.1U CN201320785941U CN203600646U CN 203600646 U CN203600646 U CN 203600646U CN 201320785941 U CN201320785941 U CN 201320785941U CN 203600646 U CN203600646 U CN 203600646U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
particle
power
mould
punching
walking
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CN201320785941.1U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
马玲
董传玺
王振海
胡明业
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山东汇恒机电有限公司
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Priority to CN201320785941.1U priority Critical patent/CN203600646U/en
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Publication of CN203600646U publication Critical patent/CN203600646U/en

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a biomass briquette and particle all-in-one machine, belongs to the field of biomass briquette forming equipment, and particularly relates to a biomass briquette and particle forming and extruding all-in-one machine. According to the machine, a feeding mechanism comprises an auger (3). The machine is characterized in that a forming and extruding mechanism is a punch-forming mechanism and comprises a die device, a punching mechanism and a power connection mechanism which are connected sequentially, one end of the punching mechanism is installed at the feeding end of the die device in a sleeved mode, the other end of the punching mechanism is connected with a power source through a power connecting mechanism, the punching mechanism comprises a plunger chip (10), a plunger (11), a sliding rod (12) and a sliding sleeve (13), the other end of the plunger (11) is conical and is fixedly connected with one end of the sliding rod (12), and the other end of the sliding rod (12) is connected with the power connecting structure. According to the biomass briquette and particle all-in-one machine, the split type punching mechanism is adopted, the connecting accuracy and coaxiality of the plunger are guaranteed, maintenance probability is reduced, the service life is prolonged, punching is conducted through the crank connecting rod structure, and the quality and compactness of biomass briquettes are fully guaranteed.

Description

Biomass block particle all-in-one
Technical field
Biomass block particle all-in-one, belongs to biomass block former field, is specifically related to a kind of biomass block grain forming and extrudes all-in-one.
Background technology
Biomass block particle all-in-one, be mainly used in making by carrying out the biomass fuel that briquetting is made after the crushing materials such as straw class, grain shell class, peanut seedling (shell), cotton stem, wood chip, sawdust, branch, bark, bamboo powder, furfural (soy sauce, vinegar) slag (raw material mixes use), timber leftover bits and pieces, forest residue, house refuse, through stamping forming fuel slug, can be used for boiler generating, heating, life fuel etc., a kind of reproducible bioenergy, alternative a large amount of fossil energies.
At present, produce briquetting particle all-in-one production equipment field both at home and abroad, there is following defect in great majority: one, great majority are all the modes that adopts cylinder axis and cylindrical hole to connect, this connecting mode not only difficulty of processing is large, and the labour intensity of installing/dismounting is also larger, can not meet fast assembling-disassembling requirement, use cost is very high; Two, find using in the process of this connection, unreasonable due to punching structure self design, jumper bar, through using distortion larger, can not meet product quality requirement, thereby cause cycle and the cost that need to increase manufacturing facilities; Three, the pressure that punching mechanism forms is inadequate, and the degree of packing of the biomass block after moulding is inadequate, and density is low, easily occurs the phenomenon fractureing.
Summary of the invention
The technical problems to be solved in the utility model is: overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, a kind of easy accessibility is provided, reduces costs and production cycle, long service life, the effective biomass block particle all-in-one of punching press.
The utility model solves the technical scheme that its technical problem adopts: this biomass block particle all-in-one, comprise feeding casing, feed mechanism and the moulding extrusion mechanism of splendid attire material, feed mechanism comprises screw auger, screw auger discharge end connects moulding extrusion mechanism, it is characterized in that: described moulding extrusion mechanism is punch forming mechanism, comprise the die device, punching mechanism and the power connecting mechanism that are linked in sequence, punching mechanism one end is sleeved on die device charging end, and the other end connects power source by power connecting mechanism; Described punching mechanism comprises drift, jumper bar, slide bar and sliding sleeve, dismountable jumper bar one end that is arranged on of drift, and jumper bar the other end is cone and is fixedly connected with slide bar one end, the outside suit of slide bar sliding sleeve, the slide bar other end connects power syndeton.Jumper bar one end is cone, directly insert and be connected on slide bar by cone, can make the positioning precision of jumper bar and slide bar higher, and cone surface conjunction area is larger, intensity is higher, can improve the shock loading of jumper bar, thereby extended the service life of jumper bar, reduced cost, drift and jumper bar adopt split type mounting structure, be convenient to change at any time drift, also reduced the size of part exchanging.
Described screw auger comprises symmetrically arranged two groups, between two groups of screw augers, connect moulding extrusion mechanism charging aperture by four-way, two groups of screw augers connect corresponding power set by transmission mechanism respectively, and two groups of screw augers configure respectively a feeding casing.By the charging simultaneously of two groups of screw augers, raw material is forced and sent into, be also a pre-stamped process of raw material, two reductors can be controlled respectively, also can control separately, therefore, two screw augers can move simultaneously, also isolated operation in short-term, convenient control, operates more flexible.
Described transmission mechanism is sprocket chain strip transmission mechanism, comprises chain, is arranged on the sprocket wheel of screw auger outer end and is arranged on the sprocket wheel as the reductor output end of power set, and chain connects above-mentioned two sprocket wheels.Sprocket wheel chain drive guarantees the stationarity of transmission.
Described power syndeton is toggle, comprises connecting rod, eccentric wheel, flying wheel and main shaft, and connecting rod is fixedly connected with eccentric wheel, and eccentric wheel is arranged on main shaft middle part, and one group of flying wheel is installed respectively at main shaft two ends.Be stressed temperature impact of the moulding of biomass block, utilize the impulse force principle of crank block to carry out press work, when normal work, carry out punching press as the eccentric wheel of crank block with 280 times per minute, pressure can reach 300 tons, temperature can reach 150-200 ℃, therefore, more intense to the adaptability of raw material, can guarantee good punch forming effect.
Described die device comprises stock mould, shaping mould and mould positioning disk, stock mould one end is fixedly connected with shaping mould by mould positioning disk, stock mould and shaping mould are the sleeve that is provided with inner via hole, and the diameter of shaping mould inner via hole progressively successively decreases from feed end to discharge end.The diameter of shaping mould inner via hole changes, there is reducing tapering, therefore, by repeatedly the raw material of impact extruded starts to become reality, hardening is also finally extruded by the discharge end of stock mould gradually, raw material is heated up rapidly through high speed impact extruding is lower, fiber softening, volume compression, and then reach close caked object.
One side in described stock mould exit is provided with particle shearing device, and particle shearing device comprises pendulum cutter, locating shaft, pendulum cutter eccentric wheel, eccentric shaft, base, reductor and motor.Thoroughly having solved the product that briquetting granulator extrudes fractures automatically; the phenomenons such as the product varying length of producing; can also be according to the length of user's request product; by the speed of governing speed; depend on the length of product, thereby reach best object, this particle shearing device can be around its die device central rotation; easy to install, cost is lower.
Described stock mould exit connects briquetting shearing device, briquetting shearing device comprises frame and rack-mounted walking mechanism, clamp mechanism, shut-off mechanism, sizing mechanism of reinforcing, blanking mechanism and pneumatic mechanism, walking mechanism both sides are provided with clamp mechanism, clamp mechanism top is provided with shut-off mechanism, walking mechanism discharge end is provided with blanking mechanism, and blanking mechanism one side is provided with sizing mechanism of reinforcing; Walking mechanism below is provided with the pneumatic mechanism that walking power is provided.Mainly be applicable to the cut-out work of the bar after biomass block particle all-in-one compound stalk forming, it can cut off round charge bar and square charge bar, be arranged on biomass block particle all-in-one after, be convenient to go into flow production line, further shorten the production cycle.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effect that the utility model has is:
1, easy accessibility, reduce costs with the production cycle, increase the service life: jumper bar one end is cone, directly insert and be connected on slide bar by cone, can make the positioning precision of jumper bar and slide bar higher, and cone surface conjunction area is larger, intensity is higher, can improve the shock loading of jumper bar, thereby extend the service life of jumper bar; Meanwhile, drift and jumper bar adopt split type mounting structure, are convenient to change at any time drift, have also reduced the size of part exchanging, have reduced use cost.
2, force charging, increase precompression, punching press effect strengthens: by the charging simultaneously of two groups of screw augers, raw material is forced and sent into, also be a pre-stamped process of raw material, change in conjunction with the diameter of the shaping mould inner via hole of die device again, there is reducing tapering, therefore, by repeatedly the raw material of impact extruded starts to become reality, hardening is also finally extruded by the discharge end of stock mould gradually, raw material is heated up rapidly through high speed impact extruding is lower, fiber softening, volume compression, and then reach close caked object, fully guarantee the solid degree of moulding briquetting.
3, be stressed temperature impact of the moulding of biomass block, utilize the impulse force principle of crank block to carry out press work, when normal work, carry out punching press as the eccentric wheel of crank block with 280 times per minute, pressure can reach 300 tons, temperature can reach 150-200 ℃, therefore, adaptability to raw material is more intense, can further guarantee good punch forming effect, raw material heats up rapidly through high speed impact extruding is lower, make fiber softening, volume compression, reach the close piece of forming, density is apparently higher than other molding mode.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is this biomass block particle all-in-one side view schematic diagram.
Fig. 2 is this biomass block particle all-in-one moulding extrusion mechanism top view schematic diagram.
Fig. 3 is the particle shearing device schematic diagram of the present embodiment 2.
Fig. 4 is the briquetting shearing device schematic diagram of the present embodiment 3.
Wherein: 1, feeding casing 2, four-way 3, screw auger 4, bearing block 5, chain 6, reductor 7, stock mould 8, shaping mould 9, mould positioning disk 10, drift 11, jumper bar 12, slide bar 13, sliding sleeve 14, connecting rod 15. eccentric wheels 16, flying wheel 17, pendulum cutter 18, locating shaft 19, pendulum cutter eccentric wheel 20, eccentric shaft 21, base 22, reductor 23. motors 24, frame 25, walking mechanism 26, clamp mechanism 27, shut-off mechanism 28, sizing mechanism of reinforcing 29, blanking mechanism 30, pneumatic mechanism 31, main shaft.
The specific embodiment
Fig. 1 ~ 2nd, most preferred embodiment of the present utility model, is described further below in conjunction with 1 ~ 4 pair of the utility model of accompanying drawing.
Embodiment 1
With reference to accompanying drawing 1: biomass block particle all-in-one, comprise the feeding casing 1 of splendid attire material, feed mechanism and moulding extrusion mechanism, feed mechanism is auger feed mechanism, comprise screw auger 3, screw auger 3 discharge ends connect moulding extrusion mechanism, screw auger 3 is provided with symmetrically arranged two groups, between two groups of screw augers 3, connect moulding extrusion mechanism charging aperture by four-way 2, two groups of screw augers 3 connect corresponding power set by transmission mechanism respectively, two groups of screw auger 3 outer ends are fixing by bearing block 4, two groups of screw augers 3 configure respectively a feeding casing 1, feeding casing 1 is provided with observation window, transmission mechanism is sprocket chain strip transmission mechanism, comprises chain 5, is arranged on the sprocket wheel of screw auger 3 outer ends and is arranged on the sprocket wheel of exporting end as the reductor 6 of power set.
With reference to accompanying drawing 2: moulding extrusion mechanism is punch forming mechanism, comprises the die device, punching mechanism and the power connecting mechanism that are linked in sequence, and punching mechanism one end is sleeved on die device charging end, and the other end connects power source by power connecting mechanism.Punching mechanism comprises drift 10, jumper bar 11, slide bar 12 and sliding sleeve 13, drift 10 is by dismountable jumper bar 11 1 ends that are arranged on of bolt, jumper bar 11 the other end are cone and are directly inserted and be fixedly connected with slide bar 12 one end by cone, the outside suit sliding sleeve 13 of slide bar 12, slide bar 12 can be in the interior linear slide of sliding sleeve 13, and slide bar 12 other ends connect power syndeton.
Power syndeton is toggle, comprise connecting rod 14, eccentric wheel 15, flying wheel 16 and main shaft 31, connecting rod 14 is fixedly connected with eccentric wheel 15, and eccentric wheel 15 is arranged on main shaft 31 middle parts, one group of flying wheel 16 is installed respectively at main shaft 31 two ends, and flying wheel 16 connects motor by belt.
Die device comprises stock mould 7, shaping mould 8 and mould positioning disk 9, stock mould 7 one end are fixedly connected with shaping mould 8 by mould positioning disk 9, stock mould 7 and shaping mould 8 are the sleeve that is provided with inner via hole, and the diameter of shaping mould 8 inner via holes progressively successively decreases from feed end to discharge end, the open end contact that shaping mould 8 diameters are larger connects drift 10, and drift 10 can insert the certain distance in shaping mould 8 ends.
The course of work is as follows: the utility model is in the time of work, the effect of feeding casing 1 is raw material point both sides and gives certain pressure, reductor 6 drives screw auger 3 to rotate by chain 5 and two sprocket wheels, and raw material is forced and sent in four-way 2, and this process is also a pre-stamped process of raw material.Two reductors 6 of feeding casing 1 bottom can be controlled respectively, also can control separately, therefore, two screw augers 3 can move simultaneously, also isolated operation in short-term, observes by observation window, if material extrusion appears in raw material, the situation that charging is not smooth, also can be by entering forward duty after reversion screw auger 3 again.
As shown in Figure 2, jumper bar 11 one end are cone, are directly inserted and are connected on slide bar 12 by cone, can make jumper bar 11 higher with the positioning precision of slide bar 12, and cone surface conjunction area is larger, and intensity is higher, can bear larger shock loading.When raw material enters after four-way 2, be connected with flying wheel 16 by belt by main motor, flying wheel 16 is with movable eccentric wheel 15 to rotate, eccentric wheel 15 drivening rods 14 swing, thereby band moving slide-bar 12 does punching type and moves back and forth in sliding sleeve 13, raw material is heated up rapidly through high speed impact extruding is lower, fiber softening, volume compression, and then reach close caked object.Because the diameter of the inner via hole of shaping mould 8 changes, there is reducing tapering again, therefore, started to become real, hardening and finally extruded gradually by the discharge end of stock mould 7 by the raw material of impact extruded repeatedly.
Embodiment 2
With reference to accompanying drawing 3: a side in stock mould 7 exits also can be provided with particle shearing device, particle shearing device comprises pendulum cutter 17, locating shaft 18, pendulum cutter eccentric wheel 19, eccentric shaft 20, base 21, reductor 22 and motor 23.Particle shearing device is directly fixed on briquetting granulator fuselage upside, can also be according to the length of user's request product, by the speed of governing speed; depend on the length of product; thereby reach best object, this particle shearing device can be around its die device central rotation, easy to install.
Embodiment 3
With reference to accompanying drawing 4: stock mould 7 exits also can connect briquetting shearing device, briquetting shearing device comprises frame 24 and is arranged on walking mechanism 25, clamp mechanism 26, shut-off mechanism 27, sizing mechanism of reinforcing 28, blanking mechanism 29 and the pneumatic mechanism 30 in frame 24, walking mechanism 25 both sides are provided with clamp mechanism 26, clamp mechanism 26 tops are provided with shut-off mechanism 27, walking mechanism 25 discharge ends are provided with blanking mechanism 29, and blanking mechanism 29 1 sides are provided with sizing mechanism of reinforcing 28; Walking mechanism 25 belows are provided with the pneumatic mechanism 30 that walking power is provided.Briquetting shearing device is mainly applicable to the cut-out work of the bar after biomass block particle all-in-one compound stalk forming, it can cut off round (¢ 50-¢ 80) charge bar and square (85 × 85,50 × 50) charge bar, be arranged on biomass block particle all-in-one after, go into flow production line.
The above, it is only preferred embodiment of the present utility model, be not the restriction of the utility model being made to other form, any those skilled in the art may utilize the technology contents of above-mentioned announcement to be changed or be modified as the equivalent embodiment of equivalent variations.But every technical solutions of the utility model content that do not depart from, any simple modification, equivalent variations and the remodeling above embodiment done according to technical spirit of the present utility model, still belong to the protection domain of technical solutions of the utility model.

Claims (7)

1. biomass block particle all-in-one, comprise feeding casing (1), feed mechanism and the moulding extrusion mechanism of splendid attire material, feed mechanism comprises screw auger (3), screw auger (3) discharge end connects moulding extrusion mechanism, it is characterized in that: described moulding extrusion mechanism is punch forming mechanism, comprise the die device, punching mechanism and the power connecting mechanism that are linked in sequence, punching mechanism one end is sleeved on die device charging end, and the other end connects power source by power connecting mechanism; Described punching mechanism comprises drift (10), jumper bar (11), slide bar (12) and sliding sleeve (13), dismountable jumper bar (11) one ends that are arranged on of drift (10), jumper bar (11) the other end is cone and is fixedly connected with slide bar (12) one end, slide bar (12) outside suit sliding sleeve (13), slide bar (12) other end connects power syndeton.
2. biomass block particle all-in-one according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described screw auger (3) comprises symmetrically arranged two groups, between two groups of screw augers (3), connect moulding extrusion mechanism charging aperture by four-way (2), two groups of screw augers (3) connect corresponding power set by transmission mechanism respectively, and two groups of screw augers (3) configure respectively a feeding casing (1).
3. biomass block particle all-in-one according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: described transmission mechanism is sprocket chain strip transmission mechanism, comprise chain (5), be arranged on the sprocket wheel of screw auger (3) outer end and be arranged on the sprocket wheel of reductor (6) as power set output end, chain (5) connects above-mentioned two sprocket wheels.
4. biomass block particle all-in-one according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described power syndeton is toggle, comprise connecting rod (14), eccentric wheel (15), flying wheel (16) and main shaft (31), connecting rod (14) is fixedly connected with eccentric wheel (15), eccentric wheel (15) is arranged on main shaft (31) middle part, and one group of flying wheel (16) is installed respectively at main shaft (31) two ends.
5. biomass block particle all-in-one according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described die device comprises stock mould (7), shaping mould (8) and mould positioning disk (9), stock mould (7) one end is fixedly connected with shaping mould (8) by mould positioning disk (9), stock mould (7) and shaping mould (8) are the sleeve that is provided with inner via hole, and the diameter of shaping mould (8) inner via hole progressively successively decreases from feed end to discharge end.
6. biomass block particle all-in-one according to claim 5, it is characterized in that: a side in described stock mould (7) exit is provided with particle shearing device, particle shearing device comprises pendulum cutter (17), locating shaft (18), pendulum cutter eccentric wheel (19), eccentric shaft (20), base (21), reductor (22) and motor (23).
7. biomass block particle all-in-one according to claim 5, it is characterized in that: described stock mould (7) exit connects briquetting shearing device, briquetting shearing device comprises frame (24) and is arranged on the walking mechanism (25) in frame (24), clamp mechanism (26), shut-off mechanism (27), sizing mechanism of reinforcing (28), blanking mechanism (29) and pneumatic mechanism (30), walking mechanism (25) both sides are provided with clamp mechanism (26), clamp mechanism (26) top is provided with shut-off mechanism (27), walking mechanism (25) discharge end is provided with blanking mechanism (29), blanking mechanism (29) one sides are provided with sizing mechanism of reinforcing (28), walking mechanism (25) below is provided with the pneumatic mechanism (30) that walking power is provided.
CN201320785941.1U 2013-12-04 2013-12-04 Biomass briquette and particle all-in-one machine CN203600646U (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104228128A (en) * 2014-09-16 2014-12-24 济南港源机械制造有限公司 Biomass energy source equipment with water cooling circulation system
CN105192568A (en) * 2015-10-17 2015-12-30 晋江市恒松机械制造有限公司 Automatic forming device for grain particle materials
CN104960234B (en) * 2015-07-28 2016-08-03 济南精创模具技术开发有限公司 Biomass forming machine eccentric installs axle
CN110202826A (en) * 2019-05-31 2019-09-06 河源博维塑胶制品有限公司 A kind of production equipment about degradable cutlery box material
US10933603B2 (en) 2019-06-12 2021-03-02 Ernest J. Sweetland, Iii Device for forming bio-logs and method therefor

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104228128A (en) * 2014-09-16 2014-12-24 济南港源机械制造有限公司 Biomass energy source equipment with water cooling circulation system
CN104960234B (en) * 2015-07-28 2016-08-03 济南精创模具技术开发有限公司 Biomass forming machine eccentric installs axle
CN105192568A (en) * 2015-10-17 2015-12-30 晋江市恒松机械制造有限公司 Automatic forming device for grain particle materials
CN110202826A (en) * 2019-05-31 2019-09-06 河源博维塑胶制品有限公司 A kind of production equipment about degradable cutlery box material
US10933603B2 (en) 2019-06-12 2021-03-02 Ernest J. Sweetland, Iii Device for forming bio-logs and method therefor

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Granted publication date: 20140521

Termination date: 20151204

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