CN201325196Y - Tobacco stem briquette forming machine - Google Patents

Tobacco stem briquette forming machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201325196Y
CN201325196Y CNU2008202232874U CN200820223287U CN201325196Y CN 201325196 Y CN201325196 Y CN 201325196Y CN U2008202232874 U CNU2008202232874 U CN U2008202232874U CN 200820223287 U CN200820223287 U CN 200820223287U CN 201325196 Y CN201325196 Y CN 201325196Y
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
forming machine
stalk
cigarette
shaping mould
power set
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CNU2008202232874U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘征明
杨彤
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Sichuan Agricultural Machinery Research and Design Institute
Original Assignee
Sichuan Agricultural Machinery Research and Design Institute
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Sichuan Agricultural Machinery Research and Design Institute filed Critical Sichuan Agricultural Machinery Research and Design Institute
Priority to CNU2008202232874U priority Critical patent/CN201325196Y/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201325196Y publication Critical patent/CN201325196Y/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B11/00Presses specially adapted for forming shaped articles from material in particulate or plastic state, e.g. briquetting presses, tabletting presses
    • B30B11/22Extrusion presses; Dies therefor
    • B30B11/26Extrusion presses; Dies therefor using press rams
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B11/00Presses specially adapted for forming shaped articles from material in particulate or plastic state, e.g. briquetting presses, tabletting presses
    • B30B11/22Extrusion presses; Dies therefor

Abstract

The utility model discloses a tobacco stem briquette forming machine which comprises a power device, a feeding device and an extruding device. The extruding device comprises a forming die (20), a puncher pin (11) and a straight reciprocating mechanism which is driven by a power drive device and connected with the puncher pin (11) in a transmission way; the forming die (20) and the puncher pin (11) are correspondingly arranged in a forming bin (10). The tobacco stem briquette forming machine has the advantages that the single-stage punching and forming way is adopted to forcibly extrude finished stems with good densification effect and high production efficiency; dies are not easily blocked, which can be used for processing tobacco stems with high lignin content and great densification resistance; the power load is low, thereby meeting the need of recycling tobacco stems in rural areas planting tobacco leaves well.

Description

Cigarette stalk compound stalk forming machine
Technical field
The utility model relates to the agricultural crop straw processing unit (plant), particularly a kind of make-up machine that is used to produce cigarette stalk briquetting.
Background technology
Along with developing rapidly and the change of pattern of farming and pattern of agricultural, stalk output significantly increases, except that part as the feed and the raw material of industry, comprehensive utilization ratio is extremely low, the overwhelming majority is burned.Not only waste resource but also environment is caused severe contamination, have influence on the both urban and rural residents's life and the safety that road traffic, civil aviaton fly.For forbidding crop straw burning, country is annual to spend great amount of manpower and material resources, but effect is very unobvious, and economic loss is huge.
For addressing this problem, people have invented stalk block making machine, and promptly the mode by mechanical presses is pressed into the bigger cake mass of density with stalk, make agricultural crop straw can be used as feed or fuel thus and obtain recycling.Existing stalk block making machine mainly comprises power set, feed arrangement, pressurizing unit etc., what wherein pressurizing unit adopted is the ring mould, the ring mould is normally extruded the splicing of ring mould module by a circle and is fixedly formed, and central recess is arranged to being connected into material extrusion molding hole on each adjacent ring mould module.Owing to adopt the mode of multistation extrusion modling simultaneously,, moulding hole plug phenomenon very easily takes place, so its scope of application is narrower when being used to process this class content of lignin height of cigarette stalk, stalk that fine and close drag is big.In addition, also there is the big deficiency of dynamic load, is difficult to adapt to the electrical network weight bearing power in vast rural area.
The utility model content
Technical problem to be solved in the utility model provides a kind of cigarette stalk compound stalk forming machine, can not only be used to process content of lignin height, cigarette stalk that fine and close drag is big, and dynamic load is little, can satisfy the needs that the cigarette stalk is recycled in rural area, tobacco leaf planting district.
The technical scheme that its technical problem that solves the utility model adopts is: cigarette stalk compound stalk forming machine of the present utility model, comprise power set, feed arrangement and pressurizing unit, it is characterized in that: described pressurizing unit is that one group of correspondence is arranged on shaping mould and the drift in the moulding storehouse, and forms the linear reciprocating mechanism that is in transmission connection by the power set driving and with drift.
Described shaping mould has cone-shaped cavity, and the bottom of this cone-shaped cavity has a discharge opening that leads to outside the moulding storehouse.
Described shaping mould periphery is provided with electric heater, at the discharge opening nose end of shaping mould to being connected to cooling tube.
Be provided with spiral pressure conveying mechanism in the feeding-passage between described feed arrangement and the moulding storehouse.
What described feed arrangement adopted is the adjustable speed feeding machine.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are, adopt single station stamping molding mode, and it is fine and close effective to force to push out the finished product rod, the production efficiency height, and mould is difficult for blocked, can be used to process content of lignin height, cigarette stalk that fine and close drag is big; Dynamic load is little, can adapt to the needs that the cigarette stalk is recycled in rural area, tobacco leaf planting district well.
Description of drawings
This specification comprises following by width of cloth accompanying drawing:
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of pressurizing unit in the utility model cigarette stalk compound stalk forming machine;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of pressurizing unit in the utility model cigarette stalk compound stalk forming machine;
Fig. 3 is the partial structurtes schematic diagram of pressurizing unit in the utility model cigarette stalk compound stalk forming machine;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of drawing-in device and spiral pressure conveying mechanism in the utility model cigarette stalk compound stalk forming machine;
Parts shown in the figure, toponym and pairing mark: moulding storehouse 10, drift 11, jumper bar 12, connecting rod 13, eccentric wheel 14, flying wheel 15, shaping mould 20, electric heater 21, cooling tube 22, helical pressure conveyer 30, adjustable speed feeding machine 40.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples the utility model is further specified.
With reference to Fig. 1, cigarette stalk compound stalk forming machine of the present utility model, comprise power set, feed arrangement and pressurizing unit, described pressurizing unit is that one group of correspondence is arranged on shaping mould 20 and the drift 11 in the moulding storehouse 10, and forms the linear reciprocating mechanism that is in transmission connection by the power set driving and with drift 11.Owing to adopt single station stamping molding mode, force the finished product rod pushed out fine and close effective, the production efficiency height, mould is difficult for blocked, can be used to process content of lignin height, cigarette stalk that fine and close drag is big; Dynamic load is little, can adapt to the needs that the cigarette stalk is recycled in rural area, tobacco leaf planting district well.
With reference to Fig. 3, described shaping mould 20 has cone-shaped cavity, and the bottom of this cone-shaped cavity has a discharge opening that leads to outside the moulding storehouse 10.Be to improve the fine and close effect of finished product rod, and make its smooth in appearance, described shaping mould 20 peripheries are provided with electric heater 21, at the discharge opening nose end of shaping mould 20 to being connected to cooling tube 22.Rub broken cigarette stalk material and be forced to feed in the cone-shaped cavity of shaping mould 20 crowded the pushing of the punching of drift 11, cigarette stalk material is extruded densification when advancing, and by electric heater 21 heating carbonization or surface carbonations, discharges the finished product rods through cooling tube 22 simultaneously.Electric heater 21 can preferably adopt high-power ceramic heater, and charing is effective, and the heater life-span is long.
The utility model can be pressed into high density (about 1.1~1.2g/m through high temperature cabonization with the tobacco rod of rubbing after broken 3) bar, bar-shaped finished product both can be used for the cooking of cigarette man, heating, can replace coal to carry out the tobacco leaf barbecue again, helped promoting the comprehensive coordinate development of cigarette district tobacco leaf economic benefit, ecological benefits, social benefit.
See figures.1.and.2, described linear reciprocating mechanism comprises the toggle that is made of connecting rod 13, eccentric wheel 14, wherein eccentric wheel 14 is driven by power set, and the front end of connecting rod 13 is then hinged with the rear end of jumper bar 12,11 front ends that are fixedly mounted on jumper bar 12 of drift.Described power set motor and belt gear, wherein the belt pulley that is connected with eccentric wheel 14 is a flying wheel 15, flying wheel 15 can absorb kinetic energy in the punching press backhaul, in punching stroke, there is enough kinetic energy to discharge work done, so main drive motor power is much smaller than the multistation make-up machine, so can adapt to the electrical network weight bearing power in vast rural area well.
With reference to Fig. 4, for further improving the fine and close effect of finished product rod, be provided with helical pressure conveyer 30 in the feeding-passage between described feed arrangement and the moulding storehouse 10, cigarette stalk material carries out precompressed by spiral pressure conveying mechanism before entering moulding storehouse 10.What described feed arrangement adopted is adjustable speed feeding machine 40, and when the compacting different material, feed quantity is easy to adjust reliable.
Some principles of the above the utility model cigarette stalk compound stalk forming machine that just explains through diagrams, be not be the utility model to be confined to shown in and in described concrete structure and the scope of application, so every the corresponding modify and equivalent that might be utilized all belongs to the claim that the utility model is applied for.

Claims (7)

1. cigarette stalk compound stalk forming machine, comprise power set, feed arrangement and pressurizing unit, it is characterized in that: described pressurizing unit is that one group of correspondence is arranged on shaping mould (20) and the drift (11) in the moulding storehouse (10), and forms the linear reciprocating mechanism that is in transmission connection by the power set driving and with drift (11).
2. cigarette stalk compound stalk forming machine as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described shaping mould (20) has cone-shaped cavity, and the bottom of this cone-shaped cavity has one and leads to the outer discharge opening in moulding storehouse (10).
3. cigarette stalk compound stalk forming machine as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: described shaping mould (20) periphery is provided with electric heater (21), at the discharge opening nose end of shaping mould (20) to being connected to cooling tube (22).
4. cigarette stalk compound stalk forming machine as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described linear reciprocating mechanism comprises the toggle that is made of connecting rod (13), eccentric wheel (14), wherein eccentric wheel (14) is driven by power set, the front end of connecting rod (13) is then hinged with the rear end of jumper bar (12), and drift (11) then is fixedly mounted on the front end of jumper bar (12).
5. cigarette stalk compound stalk forming machine as claimed in claim 4 is characterized in that: described power set motor and belt gear, wherein the belt pulley that is connected with eccentric wheel (14) is flying wheel (15).
6. cigarette stalk compound stalk forming machine as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: be provided with helical pressure conveyer (30) in the feeding-passage between described feed arrangement and moulding storehouse (10).
7. as claim 1 or 6 described cigarette stalk compound stalk forming machines, it is characterized in that: what described feed arrangement adopted is adjustable speed feeding machine (40).
CNU2008202232874U 2008-12-10 2008-12-10 Tobacco stem briquette forming machine Expired - Fee Related CN201325196Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNU2008202232874U CN201325196Y (en) 2008-12-10 2008-12-10 Tobacco stem briquette forming machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNU2008202232874U CN201325196Y (en) 2008-12-10 2008-12-10 Tobacco stem briquette forming machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN201325196Y true CN201325196Y (en) 2009-10-14

Family

ID=41177175

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CNU2008202232874U Expired - Fee Related CN201325196Y (en) 2008-12-10 2008-12-10 Tobacco stem briquette forming machine

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN201325196Y (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106923353A (en) * 2017-03-16 2017-07-07 河北科技大学 Almond extrudes shedding motion
CN108797666A (en) * 2018-05-28 2018-11-13 王赐福 A kind of civil engineering environment protection multifunctional construction equipment

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106923353A (en) * 2017-03-16 2017-07-07 河北科技大学 Almond extrudes shedding motion
CN108797666A (en) * 2018-05-28 2018-11-13 王赐福 A kind of civil engineering environment protection multifunctional construction equipment
CN108797666B (en) * 2018-05-28 2021-11-05 赵学彬 Civil engineering is with multi-functional construction equipment of environmental protection

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Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
EE01 Entry into force of recordation of patent licensing contract

Assignee: SICHUAN HUINONG MACHINERY CO., LTD.

Assignor: Sichuan Research & Design Institute of Agricultural Machinery

Contract fulfillment period: 2009.11.5 to 2014.12.30

Contract record no.: 2009510000160

Denomination of utility model: Tobacco stem briquette forming machine

Granted publication date: 20091014

License type: Exclusive license

Record date: 20091119

LIC Patent licence contract for exploitation submitted for record

Free format text: EXCLUSIVE LICENSE; TIME LIMIT OF IMPLEMENTING CONTACT: 2009.11.5 TO 2014.12.30; CHANGE OF CONTRACT

Name of requester: SICHUAN HUINONG MACHINERY CO., LTD

Effective date: 20091119

C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20091014

Termination date: 20131210