CN102794921B - High-efficiency energy-saving plunger type straw fuel forming machine - Google Patents

High-efficiency energy-saving plunger type straw fuel forming machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102794921B
CN102794921B CN201110134070.2A CN201110134070A CN102794921B CN 102794921 B CN102794921 B CN 102794921B CN 201110134070 A CN201110134070 A CN 201110134070A CN 102794921 B CN102794921 B CN 102794921B
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China
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plunger
described
provided
feed bin
forming machine
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CN201110134070.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102794921A (en
Inventor
马亮
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辽宁鑫能机械设备制造有限公司
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Abstract

A high-efficiency energy-saving plunger type straw fuel forming machine has an improved plunger type straw fuel forming machine structure. The invention provides a plunger type straw fuel forming machine which has the characteristics of low energy consumption, high production efficiency and damaging difficulties. The forming machine comprises a casing. A main shaft inside the casing is provided with eccentric discs. Each eccentric disc is connected with one end of each plunger inside a plunger case. The other end of each plunger extends out of the plunger case and is equipped inside one bunker. Each bunker end part corresponding to the plunger is provided with a material die. Feed hoppers are equipped above the bunkers. Each feed hopper has an inner side corresponding to each bunker provided with a feeding spiral with a drive gear box. The feeding spirals are located inside spiral channels making the feed hoppers communicated with the bunkers. The forming machine is characterized in that the spiral channels are circular truncated-cone type channels each with a large upper part and a small lower part; each feeding spiral has a shape corresponding to that of each spiral channel and an outer diameter characterized by large upper part and small lower part; and the inner chamber shape of each bunker is corresponding to the shape of each plunger.

Description

High-efficiency energy-saving plunger type straw fuel forming machine

Technical field

The present invention relates to stalk fuel curing molding equipment technical field, more particularly, relate to a kind of improvement of plunger type straw fuel forming machine structure.

Background technology

All kinds of stalk (as corn, Chinese sorghum, beanstalk, wheat straw, peanut skin, wood chip, bamboo bits, the dregs of a decoction, chaste tree grass etc.) can be compressed into the moulding stick with certain density by straw fuel molding machine, are commonly called as " straw coal ", as industry or civilian fuel.

Stalk is that a kind of storage is huge, and the reproducible environment-friendly type energy.According to statistics, on the earth, the annual production of stalk green bio raw material is about 1,170 hundred million tons, China's stalk annual production about 700,000,000 tons, but its utilization rate is very low.The stalk that China rural area consumes every year only accounts for the sub-fraction of total output, and directly the thermal efficiency of burning is extremely low.The stalk of most area is burnt in field by as discarded object, not only wastes resource, also causes new public hazards.The best use way of stalk biomass raw material is curing molding, is compressed into the fuel rod with certain density by it, and its calorific value can match in excellence or beauty with coal facies, and its burning is free from environmental pollution, and lime-ash also can be made into fertilizer.Current domestic and international existing several stalk fuel curing molding equipment all has certain shortcoming: such as, spiral squeezing type forming machine big energy-consuming, and spiral wear is serious; Hydraulic drive piston formula forming machine productivity ratio is low, and energy consumption is higher; The forming machine changed a social system by the roller machinery producing feed, maximum shortcoming is that stalk need be compressing through certain hour " modification " process ability, and the forming blocks be pressed into (rod) density is low, can not as high-grade fuel.Domestic and international existing crank plunger type forming machine plunger number mostly is one (individual other has two), and productivity ratio is on the low side, and energy consumption is higher, and noise and vibration larger.

The patent No. of being declared by the applicant is the utility model patent of 200720011651.6 and 200820012310.5, quantitatively traditional design is breached at plunger, forming machine performance is had significantly improve, but these two kinds of forming machines and domestic and international existing plunger type forming machine same, still there are some shortcomings: the bronze slip lining tile frictional power loss that (1) is loaded on crank and eccentric disc is very large, and very easily grind watt (gummed) damage; (2) feed bin (space temporary before material press-in material mould) shape is arbitrary cuboid, has the dead band can accumulating material, can be produced huge bounce in dead band by the material compressed in feed bin, produces destruction to plunger and support.

Summary of the invention

The present invention is exactly for the problems referred to above, provides that a kind of energy consumption is low, production efficiency is high, non-damageable plunger type straw fuel forming machine.

For reaching above-mentioned purpose of the present invention, the present invention adopts following technical scheme, the present invention includes casing, main shaft in casing is provided with eccentric disc, eccentric disc is connected with one end of plunger case inner plunger, and the other end of plunger stretches out plunger case and is arranged in feed bin, and the end of feed bin is provided with material mould corresponding to plunger, be feed hopper above feed bin, the pressure feeding spiral with uni-drive gear box is set corresponding to feed bin in feed hopper; Pressure feeding spiral is positioned at the helical duct being communicated with feed hopper and feed bin, and it is characterized in that: described helical duct is set to up big and down small truncated cone-shaped channel, described pressure feeding spiral is that its external diameter corresponding to the shape of helical duct is up big and down small; The shape of described feed bin inner chamber is corresponding with the shape of plunger.

Beneficial effect of the present invention: 1, because the internal diameter of helical duct of the present invention is set to up big and down small truncated cone-shaped, pressure feeding spiral is the Reducing screw corresponding to the shape of helical duct; Therefore, in the process of feed, in helical duct, achieve the precommpression to material, add the feeding coal of spiral, substantially increase operating efficiency of the present invention.

2, because the shape of feed bin of the present invention is corresponding with the shape of plunger, and the inwall of feed bin fits with the outer wall of plunger; Can ensure that the material transported through pressure feeding spiral is kept in it, all be squeezed into pan feeding mould by plunger subsequently, avoid the destruction of material dead band and generation thereof.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present invention.

Fig. 2 is the top view of Fig. 1.

Fig. 3 is the top view of the present invention only with a plunger.

Fig. 4 is the structural representation of feed bin.

Fig. 5 is the A-A sectional view of Fig. 4.

Fig. 6 is the structural representation of connecting rod with plunger junction.

Fig. 7 is the structural representation of plunger of the present invention.

Fig. 8 is the left view of Fig. 7.

Fig. 9 is the structural representation of poking device of the present invention.

In accompanying drawing, 1 is lower box, 2 is eccentric disc, 3 is upper box, 4 is main shaft, 6 is rolling bearing, 7 is the collar, 8 is casing, 9 is connecting rod, 10 is plunger case, 11 is lining tile, 12 is plunger, 13 is feed bin, 14 is helical duct, 15 is poking device, 16 is uni-drive gear box, 17 is pressure feeding spiral, 18 is feed hopper, 19 is material mould, 20 is key block, 21 is wear-resisting head, 22 is locking pin, 23 is drift, 24 is locking slot, 25 is counterbore, 26 is bearing pin, 28 is material toggling dish, 29 is rod for stiring materials, 30 is material toggling rotating shaft, 31 is bevel gear group.

Detailed description of the invention

The present invention includes casing 8, main shaft 4 in casing 8 is provided with eccentric disc 2, eccentric disc 2 is connected with one end of plunger case 10 inner plunger 12, the other end of plunger 12 stretches out plunger case 10 and is arranged in feed bin 13, the end of feed bin 13 is provided with material mould 19 corresponding to plunger 12, be feed hopper 18 above feed bin 13, the pressure feeding spiral 17 with uni-drive gear box 16 is set corresponding to feed bin 13 in feed hopper 18; Pressure feeding spiral 17 is positioned at the helical duct 14 being communicated with feed hopper 18 and feed bin 13; Described helical duct 14 is set to up big and down small truncated cone-shaped channel, and described pressure feeding spiral 17 is that its external diameter corresponding to the shape of helical duct 14 is up big and down small; The shape of described feed bin 13 inner chamber is corresponding with the shape of plunger 12, and the inwall of feed bin 13 fits with the outer wall of plunger 12.

Main shaft 4 of the present invention can be arranged one or 2 ~ 6 eccentric discs 2 as shown in Figure 2 and Figure 3; Can increase work efficiency greatly; The plunger 12 be connected with 2 ~ 6 eccentric discs 2 is provided with 2 ~ 6 feed bins 13, pressure feeding spiral 17 is provided with above each feed bin 13, all pressure feeding spirals 17 can use same drive unit to be driven by uni-drive gear box 16, uni-drive gear box 16 adopts enclosed construction, reduce the space occupied by transmission system, volume is little, and efficiency is high, also improves service life of the present invention and reliability.

Described eccentric disc 2 is outer to be connected by the collar 7 of rolling bearing 6 with connecting rod 9 one end; Use rolling bearing 6 to substitute existing crank bearing liner, the friction power loss of machine and the temperature rise of machine can be made significantly to reduce, and capacity and output significantly improves; Completely avoid existing eccentric disc 2 with grinding watt phenomenon that (gummed) damages between crank bearing liner.

Described rolling bearing 6 adopts ultra-thin rolling bearing 6.

As shown in Figure 6, in the middle part of described plunger 12, inner chamber is provided with groove, and the termination of connecting rod 9 is arranged in groove, and connecting rod 9 is hinged with plunger 12 by bearing pin 26.Existing connecting rod 9 is undertaken hinged by connecting rod 9 and the end of plunger 12 with the connected mode of plunger 12, its shortcoming can produce deflection relative to its theoretical axis direction at connecting rod 9 power effect lower plunger 12, and a series of parts (support, sealing etc.) that this kind of deflection contacts to plunger 12, drift 23 cause damage.The mid point of connecting rod 9 with plunger 12 is hinged by the present invention, eliminates plunger 12 moving off-line, and consequent harm.

As shown in Figure 7,8, described plunger 12 comprises drift 23 and wear-resisting head 21, drift 23 and wear-resisting head 21 junction are locked by locking pin 22, and the end of wear-resisting head 21 arranges the counterbore 25 with locking slot 24, and drift 23 and wear-resisting head 21 are provided with screwed hole corresponding to counterbore 25; Due to plunger 12 long compressive material, bear impulsive force and the strong wear of huge, high frequency, after it produces a certain amount of wearing and tearing, must change; Plunger 12 of the present invention is made up of drift 23 and wear-resisting head 21, after wear-resisting head 21 damages, only can change wear-resisting head 21, cost-saving; In addition, locked by locking pin 22 between drift 23 and wear-resisting head 21, and be bolted, key block 20 can be set between bolt and locking slot 24, and fixed by the mode of welding; Reach locking object.

Described casing 8 is removably connected by upper box 3 and lower box 1 and forms, and described upper box 3 is removably connected by front casing and rear box and forms, and is convenient to overhaul the lining tile in front casing or change.

Be provided with lining tile 11 in described plunger case 10, plunger 12 is arranged in lining tile 11, and described plunger case 10 is removably connected by upper plug case and lower plunger case and forms; Described lining tile 11 is removably connected by upper lining tile and lower lining tile and forms; Be convenient to overhaul the lining tile 11 in plunger case 10 and plunger 12 or change.

As shown in Figure 9, be provided with poking device 15 in feed hopper 18, described poking device 15 comprises the material toggling rotating shaft 30 that same uni-drive gear box 16 is connected, and the two ends of material toggling rotating shaft 30 arrange the material toggling dish 28 with rod for stiring materials 29; Because the proportion of stalk material is very light, falls into feed hopper 18 and often can produce fluffy material phenomenon and affect blanking, when running into this situation, need artificial club to stir material, increase labor strength, also reduce output; The material toggling dish 28 that the present invention has rod for stiring materials 29 is arranged in material toggling rotating shaft 30, material toggling rotating shaft 30 is connected with uni-drive gear box 16 with power transmission shaft by bevel gear group 31, and during machine run, material toggling rotating shaft 30 drives rod for stiring materials 29 to rotate by material toggling dish 28, by material scattering, completely eliminate fluffy material phenomenon.

Claims (1)

1. high-efficiency energy-saving plunger type straw fuel forming machine, comprise casing (8), main shaft (4) in casing (8) is provided with eccentric disc (2), eccentric disc (2) is connected with one end of plunger case (10) inner plunger (12), the other end of plunger (12) stretches out plunger case (10) and is arranged in feed bin (13), the end of feed bin (13) is provided with material mould (19) corresponding to plunger (12), feed bin (13) top is feed hopper (18), arranges the pressure feeding spiral (17) with uni-drive gear box (16) in feed hopper (18) corresponding to feed bin (13); Pressure feeding spiral (17) is positioned at the helical duct (14) being communicated with feed hopper (18) and feed bin (13); It is characterized in that: described helical duct (14) is set to up big and down small truncated cone-shaped channel, described pressure feeding spiral (17) is that its external diameter corresponding to the shape of helical duct (14) is up big and down small; The shape of the same plunger of cavity shape (12) of described feed bin (13) is corresponding, and the outer wall of the same plunger of inwall (12) of feed bin (13) fits; The middle part inner chamber of described plunger (12) is provided with groove, and the termination of connecting rod (9) is arranged in groove, and connecting rod (9) is hinged by bearing pin (26) same to plunger (12);
Described eccentric disc (2) is connected by the collar (7) of rolling bearing (6) same to connecting rod (9) one end outward;
Described plunger (12) comprises drift (23) and wear-resisting head (21), drift (23) and wear-resisting head (21) junction are by locking pin (22) locking, the end of wear-resisting head (21) arranges the counterbore (25) with locking slot (24), and drift (23) and wear-resisting head (21) are provided with screwed hole corresponding to counterbore (25);
Described casing (8) is removably connected by upper box (3) and lower box (1) and forms; Described upper box (3) is removably connected by front casing and rear box and forms;
Be provided with lining tile (11) in described plunger case (10), plunger (12) is arranged in lining tile (11), and described plunger case (10) is removably connected by upper plug case and lower plunger case and forms; Described lining tile (11) is removably connected by upper lining tile and lower lining tile and forms;
Be provided with poking device (15) in feed hopper (18), described poking device (15) comprises the material toggling rotating shaft (30) that same uni-drive gear box (16) is connected, and the two ends of material toggling rotating shaft (30) arrange the material toggling dish (28) with rod for stiring materials (29);
Main shaft (4) is provided with 2 ~ 6 eccentric discs (2); The plunger (12) be connected with 2 ~ 6 eccentric discs (2) is provided with 2 ~ 6 feed bins (13), and each feed bin (13) top is provided with pressure feeding spiral (17);
Pressure feeding spiral (17) uses same drive unit to be driven by uni-drive gear box (16).
CN201110134070.2A 2011-05-24 2011-05-24 High-efficiency energy-saving plunger type straw fuel forming machine CN102794921B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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CN201110134070.2A CN102794921B (en) 2011-05-24 2011-05-24 High-efficiency energy-saving plunger type straw fuel forming machine

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN102794921B true CN102794921B (en) 2015-06-03

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CN102774026A (en) * 2012-07-16 2012-11-14 北京林业大学 Reciprocate plunger type biomass briquetting machine
CN103448279A (en) * 2013-09-13 2013-12-18 章丘市龙腾水泥机械制造有限公司 Double connecting rod biomass briquetting machine with cooling device
CN103935065B (en) * 2014-03-21 2015-08-12 北京林业大学 A kind of plunger type biomass forming machine
CN104999691B (en) * 2015-07-28 2016-11-23 济南精创模具技术开发有限公司 Biomass forming machine
CN105214560A (en) * 2015-10-27 2016-01-06 范县绿源生物质能源科技有限公司 A kind of biological particles comminutor

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CN2598328Y (en) * 2003-03-31 2004-01-14 河南农业大学 Crops straw forming machine
CN2701883Y (en) * 2004-05-09 2005-05-25 王兰法 Rotary high speed multi-arm shedding device
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