CN203502017U - Full-automatic sliding type inclinometry system - Google Patents

Full-automatic sliding type inclinometry system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203502017U
CN203502017U CN201320645925.2U CN201320645925U CN203502017U CN 203502017 U CN203502017 U CN 203502017U CN 201320645925 U CN201320645925 U CN 201320645925U CN 203502017 U CN203502017 U CN 203502017U
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China
Prior art keywords
inclinometer
remote control
monitoring
full
sliding inclinometer
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Expired - Lifetime
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CN201320645925.2U
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Chinese (zh)
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粟闯
王建东
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CHINESE NONFERROUS METAL SURVEY AND DESIGN Institute OF CHANGSHA Co Ltd
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CHINESE NONFERROUS METAL SURVEY AND DESIGN Institute OF CHANGSHA Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model provides a full-automatic sliding type inclinometry system comprising a sliding type inclinometer which is arranged in an inclinometry tube and is used for monitoring the gradient of each position in the inclinometry tube. The inclinometry system also comprises a remote control device and a power device, wherein the power device comprises a servo motor and a servo driver for driving the servo motor; the servo driver is connected with the remote control device; the sliding type inclinometer is connected with the remote control device through a communication cable; the servo motor is used for driving the sliding type inclinometer to slide at multiple test positions in the inclinometry tube; the gradients tested at the multiple test positions by the sliding type inclinometer are transmitted to the remote control device. The number of monitoring sensors is reduced, one sensor can be used for monitoring all measuring points in holes, the interval between the monitoring points can be automatically set, and the monitoring reliability is improved.

Description

Full-automatic slide dynamic formula deviational survey system
Technical field
The utility model relates to Safety of Tailings Dam on-line monitoring technique, the Full-automatic slide dynamic formula deviational survey system of a plurality of position displacement situations in an especially a kind of Supervision gaging hole.
Background technology
China introduces tiltmeter since the nineties in 20th century some great Geotechnical Engineerings is carried out to in-situ monitoring, has obtained good result.Up to the present, various tiltmeters are widely used in water conservancy and hydropower, mineral products metallurgy, traffic and Geotechnical Engineering field.Tiltmeter is a kind of in-situ monitoring instrument of measuring dip angle of hole, the principle of sliding inclinometer monitoring is the result being affected by gravity according to in-built servo-drive system, test the angle between test tube axis and pedal line, thereby calculate horizontal shift and the clinographic curve of each measuring point in boring.
As shown in Figure 3, the structural representation while implementing for existing slideable tiltmeter, it is mainly comprised of gauge head 95, pulley 951, cable 92 and reader 91.During installation, first on Geotechnical Engineering body, hole 941, then inclinometer pipe 943 is packed in boring 941, between inclinometer pipe 943 and boring 941, fill filler 942, thereby form deviational survey hole 94.Then gauge head 95 is put into inclinometer pipe 943, with pulley 951 guiding gauge heads 95, arrive assigned address, and finally by covering 93, cable 92 is fixed, to locate gauge head 95 height in inclinometer pipe 94.Gauge head 95 mainly comprises the quartz pendulous reed of a gravitate, its essence is the servo accelerometer of dynamic balance, and it can provide enough recovery capabilities to swing back vertical zero bit position, tilts larger from zero-bit, and restoring force is also larger.Because pendulum can not free movement, the size of restoring force is transformed into electric signal output, on reader 91, shows, becomes angle of inclination.Because the sine at restoring force and pitch angle is directly proportional, thereby output valve is also directly proportional with gaging hole horizontal-shift.
In recent years, because the development of Safety of Tailings Dam on-line monitoring field is swift and violent, safe on-line monitoring technique was widely used.Internal displacement on-line monitoring is widely used in the object monitorings such as tailing dam, side slope.Tailings Dam on-line monitoring system mainly utilizes a plurality of serial connections of electronic clinometer or is installed in parallel, and coordinates inclinometer pipe to use, and realizes the on-line monitoring of internal displacement.Current dam body inner horizontal displacement concrete methods of realizing: adopt and bore straight down deviational survey hole on dam facing, at broken charges, arrange fixedly tiltmeter or sliding inclinometer, tiltmeter is connected with automatic monitoring modular by instrument cable, and automatic monitoring system software records each point displacement in hole and draws integral dam horizontal shift.
Existing monitoring equipment need to be installed a plurality of electronic clinometers in same deviational survey hole, and communication cable is laid difficulty, especially during deep hole internal displacement monitoring, and installation of sensors operational difficulties, later maintenance workload is large.
Utility model content
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, it is a kind of simple in structure that the utility model object is to provide, and economical and convenient is practical, and can monitor the Full-automatic slide dynamic formula deviational survey system of a plurality of position displacement situations simultaneously.
Technical problem to be solved in the utility model is mainly in existing deep hole internal displacement monitoring, the problems such as sensor, clinometer cable is many, installation workload is large, a kind of full-automatic sliding inclinometer system that can Long-distance Control is provided, can increase monitoring point density in monitoring holes, improve the fiduciary level of entire system data simultaneously.
The utility model provides a kind of Full-automatic slide dynamic formula deviational survey system, has a sliding inclinometer being installed in flexible inclinometer pipe, for monitoring the tilt quantity of described inclinometer pipe; It is characterized in that, described deviational survey system also comprises: remote control and propulsion system; Described remote control is controlled described propulsion system, on described remote control, has data output apparatus; Described propulsion system comprise the servo-driver of servomotor and driving servomotor, and described servomotor drives a traction sheave to rotate, and by described traction sheave, furls traction rope, and the described traction rope other end connects described sliding inclinometer; Described servo-driver connects described remote control, and described sliding inclinometer connects described remote control by communication cable; Described servomotor drives described sliding inclinometer to slide on a plurality of test positions in described inclinometer pipe, and the tilt quantity that described sliding inclinometer records on a plurality of test positions transfers to described remote control.
Based on above-mentioned design, another angle sheave is installed on described inclinometer pipe top, and described traction rope is on described angle sheave.
Based on above-mentioned design, described sliding inclinometer length is greater than the twice of its external diameter, is furnished with two groups of pulleys on described sliding inclinometer length direction, and each is organized in pulley has at least two with respect to the symmetrically arranged pulley of described sliding inclinometer axis.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are: reduced monitoring sensor quantity, a sensor gets final product all measuring points in monitoring holes, and monitoring point spacing can be set voluntarily, improves monitoring reliability.Simplify the course of work of sensor installation in inclinometer pipe, with the fixing independent sensor of steel cable, reduced communication cable laying work, alleviated later maintenance work.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the utility model Full-automatic slide dynamic formula deviational survey system;
Fig. 2 is the control section schematic diagram of the utility model Full-automatic slide dynamic formula deviational survey system;
Structural representation when Fig. 3 is the slideable tiltmeter enforcement of prior art.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the utility model is described in further details.
The utility model patent discloses a kind of Full-automatic slide dynamic formula deviational survey system, can be applicable to the displacement monitoring of Tailings Dam dam, on dam, can be provided with a plurality of vertical deviational survey holes, deviational survey hole can utilize the existing practice, namely after boring, pass into the inner tube that Multi-section active connects, then between pore, fill filler and be fixed.Inner tube can be the flexible pipe that the materials such as ABS plastic are made, and section distortion can occur, and guide groove is set in tube wall.
As shown in Figure 1, the utility model is disposed in an inclinometer pipe with a sliding inclinometer 1, for monitoring the tilt quantity of each position in inclinometer pipe 5; Sliding inclinometer 1 can be the quartz pendulous reed that comprises a gravitate, its essence is the servo accelerometer of dynamic balance, and it can provide enough recovery capabilities to swing back vertical zero bit position, tilts larger from zero-bit, and restoring force is also larger.Because pendulum can not free movement, the size of restoring force is transformed into electric signal output, on reading device, shows, becomes angle of inclination.Because the sine at restoring force and pitch angle is directly proportional, thereby output valve is also directly proportional with gaging hole horizontal-shift.Full-automatic slide dynamic formula deviational survey system of the present utility model has the function of automatic on-line monitoring, and 1 sliding inclinometer 1 can be monitored the internal displacement of different depth simultaneously.
The utility model deviational survey system also comprises: remote control 2 and propulsion system 3.
As shown in Figure 2, propulsion system 3 comprise servomotor 31 and drive the servo-driver 32 of servomotor 31, servo-driver 32 connection remote controls 2, and sliding inclinometer 1 connects remote controls 2 by communication cable 4.On remote control 2, also having data output apparatus, can be display or wire/wireless communication apparatus.
The servo-driver 32 of servomotor 31 provides automation interface, can carry out easily the conversion of operational module and fieldbus module, servo-driver 32 is position servo control module, by communication modes, directly speed and displacement are carried out to assignment, control the specify Spacing measurement of monitoring point of sliding inclinometer 1.The ultimate principle of remote control 2 is: main frame connects servo-driver 32 by motion control card, controls servomotor 31 runnings, and gathers motor operating parameter.
(1) have can interruption period sex work for low speed servo motor 31, can frequent starting, and performance that can both forward and reverse directions running.
(2) described remote control 2 is fieldbus module, can, by the communication of the realization of secondary development control program and servo-driver 32, automatically control the start and stop of servo-driver 32.
As shown in Figure 1, servomotor 31 drives a traction sheave 32 to rotate, and by traction sheave 32, furls traction rope 33, and another angle sheave 34 is installed on inclinometer pipe 5 tops, and traction rope 33 is on angle sheave 34.Traction rope 33 other ends connect sliding inclinometer 1.Servomotor 31 is connected with sliding inclinometer 1 through angle sheave 34 by traction steel-cable 33, the output torque of servomotor 31 sends sliding inclinometer 1 to by traction steel-cable 33, and driving force is to produce by the friction force between traction steel-cable 34 and rope sheave.Servomotor 31 drives sliding inclinometer 1 to slide on a plurality of test positions in inclinometer pipe 5, and the tilt quantity that sliding inclinometer 1 records on a plurality of test positions can transfer to remote control 2.
Sliding inclinometer 1 length is preferably greater than the twice of its external diameter, so that it can tilt with the inclination of inclinometer pipe 5, on sliding inclinometer 1 length direction, be furnished with two groups of pulleys 11, each is organized in pulley has at least two with respect to the symmetrically arranged pulley 11 of sliding inclinometer axis.To utilize pulley 11 to make sliding inclinometer 1 in the more convenient slip of the interior energy of inclinometer pipe 5, and the inclination of mating better inclinometer pipe 5.Sliding inclinometer 1 pulley 11 is pressed technical grade design and processing, guarantees its serviceable life and quality.Sliding inclinometer is strengthened pulley formula tiltmeter, pulley structure long service life.
And the utility model inclinometer pipe 5 interior troughs are in order to location and leading block 11, guide groove preferably will carry out Wear-resistant Treatment.
Full-automatic sliding inclinometer system of the present utility model realizes sliding up and down of pulley-type tiltmeter 1 by the control of propulsion system 3, by pulley-type tiltmeter 1, itself tests Tailings Dam dam internal displacement.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are: reduced monitoring sensor quantity, a sensor gets final product all measuring points in monitoring holes, and monitoring point spacing can be set voluntarily, improves monitoring reliability.Simplify the course of work of sensor installation in inclinometer pipe, with the fixing independent sensor of steel cable, reduced communication cable laying work, alleviated later maintenance work.
As known by the technical knowledge, the utility model can be realized by other the embodiment that does not depart from its Spirit Essence or essential feature.Therefore, above-mentioned disclosed embodiment, with regard to each side, all just illustrates, and is not only.All changes within the scope of the utility model or within being equal to scope of the present utility model are all included in the utility model.

Claims (3)

1. a Full-automatic slide dynamic formula deviational survey system, has a sliding inclinometer being installed in flexible inclinometer pipe, for monitoring the tilt quantity of described inclinometer pipe; It is characterized in that, described deviational survey system also comprises: remote control and propulsion system;
Described remote control is controlled described propulsion system, on described remote control, has data output apparatus;
Described propulsion system comprise the servo-driver of servomotor and driving servomotor, and described servomotor drives a traction sheave to rotate, and by described traction sheave, furls traction rope, and the described traction rope other end connects described sliding inclinometer; Described servo-driver connects described remote control, and described sliding inclinometer connects described remote control by communication cable;
Described servomotor drives described sliding inclinometer to slide on a plurality of test positions in described inclinometer pipe, and the tilt quantity that described sliding inclinometer records on a plurality of test positions transfers to described remote control.
2. Full-automatic slide dynamic formula deviational survey system according to claim 1, is characterized in that, another angle sheave is installed on described inclinometer pipe top, and described traction rope is on described angle sheave.
3. Full-automatic slide dynamic formula deviational survey system according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that, described sliding inclinometer length is greater than the twice of its external diameter, on described sliding inclinometer length direction, be furnished with two groups of pulleys, each is organized in pulley has at least two with respect to the symmetrically arranged pulley of described sliding inclinometer axis.
CN201320645925.2U 2013-10-18 2013-10-18 Full-automatic sliding type inclinometry system Expired - Lifetime CN203502017U (en)

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Cited By (16)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104678453A (en) * 2015-02-15 2015-06-03 山东大学 Drilling radar antenna automatic detection auxiliary device for advance geological detection of tunnel
CN105403197A (en) * 2015-12-29 2016-03-16 上海强劲地基工程股份有限公司 Automatic monitoring apparatus and safety early warning system of deep horizontal displacement of ground pit and slope
CN105444711A (en) * 2014-09-26 2016-03-30 中铁西北科学研究院有限公司深圳南方分院 Anti-torsion universal deep-hole inclinometry method, anti-torsion universal deep-hole inclinometer and anti-torsion universal deep-hole inclinometry system
CN106017418A (en) * 2016-07-22 2016-10-12 北京久感科技有限公司 Full-automatic inclination measurement and alarming system
CN106197375A (en) * 2016-08-31 2016-12-07 广州市吉华勘测股份有限公司 A kind of remote automation tilt measurement and device
CN106482707A (en) * 2016-10-21 2017-03-08 上海建工集团股份有限公司 Self-propelled tracking inclination measurement device and method
CN106545334A (en) * 2016-11-01 2017-03-29 中国电力科学研究院 The automatic inclination measurement device of porous
CN106759532A (en) * 2016-10-21 2017-05-31 上海建工集团股份有限公司 Automatic lifting inclination measurement device and method
CN107119658A (en) * 2017-06-28 2017-09-01 福州大学 Fill out and dig the horizontal deviational survey wire installation and construction method that combine settlement of subgrade
CN107677244A (en) * 2017-09-12 2018-02-09 北京启联恒通轨道交通科技有限公司 A kind of full-automatic inclinometer
CN108088416A (en) * 2017-12-23 2018-05-29 哈尔滨工业大学 A kind of cold area's side slope place inclination monitoring system
CN108303068A (en) * 2018-03-05 2018-07-20 中国矿业大学(北京) A kind of varifocal angle adjustable pries through inclinometer and monitoring method
CN108469247A (en) * 2018-03-22 2018-08-31 湖南科技大学 A kind of karst area overlength anchor cable hole quality detection device and detection method
CN111351471A (en) * 2018-12-21 2020-06-30 航天科工惯性技术有限公司 Cable depth suspension device and system of sliding inclinometer
CN111779473A (en) * 2020-06-11 2020-10-16 安徽二水测绘院 Inclinometer and installation fixing structure thereof
CN112197744A (en) * 2020-12-07 2021-01-08 上海米度测控科技有限公司 Automatic rotation device for inclinometer tube

Cited By (21)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105444711A (en) * 2014-09-26 2016-03-30 中铁西北科学研究院有限公司深圳南方分院 Anti-torsion universal deep-hole inclinometry method, anti-torsion universal deep-hole inclinometer and anti-torsion universal deep-hole inclinometry system
CN104678453A (en) * 2015-02-15 2015-06-03 山东大学 Drilling radar antenna automatic detection auxiliary device for advance geological detection of tunnel
CN105403197A (en) * 2015-12-29 2016-03-16 上海强劲地基工程股份有限公司 Automatic monitoring apparatus and safety early warning system of deep horizontal displacement of ground pit and slope
CN106017418A (en) * 2016-07-22 2016-10-12 北京久感科技有限公司 Full-automatic inclination measurement and alarming system
CN106197375A (en) * 2016-08-31 2016-12-07 广州市吉华勘测股份有限公司 A kind of remote automation tilt measurement and device
CN106482707A (en) * 2016-10-21 2017-03-08 上海建工集团股份有限公司 Self-propelled tracking inclination measurement device and method
CN106759532B (en) * 2016-10-21 2019-03-12 上海建工集团股份有限公司 Automatic lifting inclination measurement device and method
CN106759532A (en) * 2016-10-21 2017-05-31 上海建工集团股份有限公司 Automatic lifting inclination measurement device and method
CN106482707B (en) * 2016-10-21 2019-08-30 上海建工集团股份有限公司 Self-propelled tracking inclination measurement device and method
CN106545334A (en) * 2016-11-01 2017-03-29 中国电力科学研究院 The automatic inclination measurement device of porous
CN106545334B (en) * 2016-11-01 2021-10-12 中国电力科学研究院 Porous automatic inclination measuring device
CN107119658A (en) * 2017-06-28 2017-09-01 福州大学 Fill out and dig the horizontal deviational survey wire installation and construction method that combine settlement of subgrade
CN107677244A (en) * 2017-09-12 2018-02-09 北京启联恒通轨道交通科技有限公司 A kind of full-automatic inclinometer
CN108088416A (en) * 2017-12-23 2018-05-29 哈尔滨工业大学 A kind of cold area's side slope place inclination monitoring system
CN108303068A (en) * 2018-03-05 2018-07-20 中国矿业大学(北京) A kind of varifocal angle adjustable pries through inclinometer and monitoring method
CN108303068B (en) * 2018-03-05 2023-07-25 中国矿业大学(北京) Variable-focus angle-adjustable peeping inclinometer and monitoring method
CN108469247A (en) * 2018-03-22 2018-08-31 湖南科技大学 A kind of karst area overlength anchor cable hole quality detection device and detection method
CN111351471A (en) * 2018-12-21 2020-06-30 航天科工惯性技术有限公司 Cable depth suspension device and system of sliding inclinometer
CN111351471B (en) * 2018-12-21 2022-05-31 航天科工惯性技术有限公司 Cable depth suspension device and system of sliding inclinometer
CN111779473A (en) * 2020-06-11 2020-10-16 安徽二水测绘院 Inclinometer and installation fixing structure thereof
CN112197744A (en) * 2020-12-07 2021-01-08 上海米度测控科技有限公司 Automatic rotation device for inclinometer tube

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Granted publication date: 20140326