CN203499693U - Dual-hinged and dual-mode explosion-proof inclined shaft tunnel boring machine - Google Patents

Dual-hinged and dual-mode explosion-proof inclined shaft tunnel boring machine Download PDF

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CN203499693U
CN203499693U CN 201320589247 CN201320589247U CN203499693U CN 203499693 U CN203499693 U CN 203499693U CN 201320589247 CN201320589247 CN 201320589247 CN 201320589247 U CN201320589247 U CN 201320589247U CN 203499693 U CN203499693 U CN 203499693U
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shield
dual
explosion
boring machine
rock
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CN 201320589247
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Chinese (zh)
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李建斌
贺飞
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中铁隧道装备制造有限公司
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a dual-hinged and dual-mode explosion-proof inclined shaft tunnel boring machine. The tunnel boring machine comprises a cutterhead boring mechanism used for breaking rocks; a shield protection apparatus including a front shield, a middle shield and a rear shield that are connected in order; and a driving apparatus disposed on the front shield, connected with the cutterhead boring mechanism and used for driving a cutterhead to rotate. The front shield and the middle shield are hinged in an active manner. The middle shield and the rear shield are hinged in a passive manner. Since the front shield and the middle shield of the shield protection apparatus of the tunnel boring machine are hinged in an active manner, the middle shield and the rear shield are hinged in a passive manner, that is to say, the shield protection apparatus is of a dual-hinged structure, the tunnel boring machine can adapt to conditions of a small radius of curvature at a connecting position between a transitional gradient and a slope in an inclined shaft tunnel, has high turning capabilities, and then posture adjustment of the whole machine is convenient.

Description

一种双铰接双模式防爆型斜井全断面岩石掘进机 A dual articulated dual mode explosion-inclined Full Section Rock

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本实用新型涉及掘进机技术领域,特别是涉及一种双铰接双模式防爆型斜井全断面岩石掘进机。 [0001] The present invention relates to a boring machine technical field, particularly to a dual mode dual-hinge type explosion inclined Full Section Rock.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 随着我国经济建设的快速发展,铁路工程、公路交通、煤矿建设的隧道工程不断增多,在进行长隧道施工时,通常会设置斜井,以增加工作面,缩短工期。 [0002] With the rapid development of China's economic construction, railway construction, road transport, coal mine tunnel construction projects continue to increase, during long tunnel construction, typically set inclined to increase the working surface, shorten the construction period.

[0003]目前,国内在斜井岩石隧道施工方面,主要采用钻爆法施工,或者改为竖井施工,施工速度和效率低,而且安全性和环保性较低。 [0003] At present, in terms of inclined rock tunnel construction, mainly drilling and blasting method, or changed shaft construction, construction of low speed and efficiency, and safety and environmental protection is low. 专门用于斜井岩石隧道施工的掘进机的研发和使用有限,由于斜井岩石隧道的设计中,整个斜井隧道每隔一段距离需要设置一缓和坡段,该缓和坡段可作为运输车的长距离下坡的缓冲段,以减轻制动系统的负担,还可作为车辆的临时检修空间,缓和坡段与斜坡连接处的曲率半径较小,所以,在斜井岩石隧道的施工过程中,面临着转弯、上软下硬等复杂地质条件的限制,常规的应用于水平隧道的掘进机无法适应该环境,转弯能力较弱,整机姿态不便调整。 Specifically for development and use of finite slope rock tunnel boring machine construction, since the inclined design of rock tunnels, the tunnels at intervals throughout inclined to set a slope sections relaxation, the relaxation period as the slope of the transport vehicle buffer segment downhill over long distances, to reduce the burden of the braking system, but also as a temporary repair space of the vehicle, the radius of curvature relaxation slope ramp section is connected at the small, in the construction of inclined rock tunnels, turn restrictions faced, soft down hard on other complex geological conditions, the level used in conventional tunnel boring machine can not adapt to the environment, cornering ability is weak, the whole attitude adjustment inconvenience.

[0004] 此外,斜井岩石隧道同水平隧道一样,会因为地层收敛导致卡机,降低掘进效率。 [0004] In addition, the same level as inclined rock tunnel tunnel, because of the formation of convergence lead card machine, lower tunneling efficiency. 而且,斜井多应用于煤矿巷道,而,煤矿巷道含有煤尘和瓦斯,常用的掘进机由于包括电气系统等,如果应用于煤矿巷道作业,难免会因产生电火花而发生灾难性事故。 Moreover, inclined more used in coal mine tunnel, which, contains Roadway dust and gas, due to the usual boring machine including electrical systems, if used in coal mine tunnel work, will inevitably produce sparks due to a catastrophic accident.

[0005] 有鉴于此,如何设计出一种双铰接双模式防爆型斜井全断面岩石掘进机,能够适应斜井隧道中缓和坡段与斜坡连接处曲率半径小的工况,转弯能力强,整机姿态便于调整,是本领域技术人员亟待解决的技术问题。 [0005] In view of this, how to design a dual mode dual-hinge type explosion inclined face rock boring machine, the tunnel can be inclined to adapt to the slope segment relaxation small radius of curvature at the junction slope conditions, strong cornering power, easy to adjust the overall attitude, it is skilled in the art to be solved technical problems.

实用新型内容 SUMMARY

[0006] 本实用新型的目的是提供一种双铰接双模式防爆型斜井全断面岩石掘进机,该掘进机能够适应斜井隧道中缓和坡段于斜坡连接处曲率半径小的工况,转弯能力强,整机姿态便于调整。 [0006] The object of the present invention is to provide a dual mode dual-hinge type explosion inclined face rock boring machine, the tunnel boring machine can be adapted to the inclined groove section to ease the small radius of curvature at the junction conditions ramp, turning ability, the whole attitude easy to adjust.

[0007]为解决上述技术问题,本实用新型提供一种双铰接双模式防爆型斜井全断面岩石掘进机,包括: [0007] In order to solve the above problems, the present invention provides a dual mode dual-hinge type explosion inclined face rock boring machine, comprising:

[0008] 刀盘掘进机构,用于破碎岩石; [0008] The boring cutter mechanism for breaking rock;

[0009] 护盾装置,包括依次连接的前盾、中盾和后盾; [0009] The shield apparatus includes a front shield are sequentially connected, the shield and the backing;

[0010] 驱动装置,安装于所述前盾,与所述刀盘掘进机构连接,用于驱动刀盘旋转; [0010] drive means mounted to said front shield, connected to the boring cutter mechanism for driving the rotating cutter;

[0011] 所述前盾和所述中盾主动铰接,所述中盾和所述后盾被动铰接。 The [0011] In the front shield and active shield articulated, and the shield in the passive backing hinge.

[0012] 由于该掘进机护盾装置的前盾和中盾主动铰接,中盾和后盾被动铰接,即护盾装置采用双铰接结构,从而能够适应斜井隧道中缓和坡段与斜坡连接处曲率半径小的工况,转弯能力较强,且便于整机姿态调整。 [0012] Since the front shield of the shield tunneling machine apparatus and hinged active shield, the shield and the hinge backing passive, i.e. double shield means articulated structure, it is possible to accommodate relaxation slope inclined tunnel junction section and the curvature of the ramp small radius conditions, cornering ability, and easy to machine attitude adjustment.

[0013] 优选地,所述前盾和所述中盾之间设置有防扭转装置。 [0013] Preferably, the anti-twist device is provided between the front of the shield and the shield.

[0014] 优选地,所述防扭转装置包括连接块和扭转缸,所述扭转缸固设于所述中盾,所述连接块的一端与所述前盾固接,另一端卡置于两所述扭转缸之间。 [0014] Preferably, the anti-twist device comprises a connector block and a cylinder torsion, the torsion cylinder fixed to said shield in said one end of the connector block is fixed to the front shield, the other end of the card in two the twist between cylinders.

[0015] 优选地,所述刀盘掘进机构的旋转中心线位于所述护盾装置的中心线上方。 [0015] Preferably, the rotation center line of the excavating disc cutter is positioned above the centerline of the shield means.

[0016] 优选地,所述驱动装置的下端设有抬升装置。 [0016] Preferably, the drive means is provided with a lower end of the lifting device.

[0017] 优选地,所述抬升装置包括举升油缸和调节所述举升油缸伸缩方向的导向装置,所述举升油缸的活动端与所述驱动装置的下端连接。 [0017] Preferably, the lifting means is connected to a lower end of said drive means comprises a free end of the lift cylinder and lift cylinder of the adjustable guide means stretching direction, the lifting cylinder.

[0018] 优选地,所述前盾、所述中盾和所述后盾三者的径向尺寸依次减小。 [0018] Preferably, the front shield, the shield and the radial dimension of said backing three successively reduced.

[0019] 优选地,所述刀盘掘进机构的刀盘为双向旋转刀盘。 [0019] Preferably, the excavating cutter disc is a bi-directional rotation of the cutter the cutter.

[0020] 优选地,所述刀盘掘进机构包括土压平衡模式回转接头和TBM模式回转接头。 [0020] Preferably, the cutter mechanism includes a tunneling mode EPB TBM swivel joints and swivel joints mode.

[0021] 优选地,所述掘进机整机的电设备及液压设备均为防爆设备。 [0021] Preferably, the boring machine electrical equipment and hydraulic machine equipment are explosion-proof equipment.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0022]图1为本实用新型所提供双铰接双模式防爆型斜井全断面岩石掘进机在TBM模式下的结构示意图; [0022] FIG. 1 is a schematic structure of a dual mode dual-hinge type explosion inclined Full Section Rock TBM in the present mode is provided a novel and practical;

[0023] 图2为本实用新型所提供双铰接双模式防爆型斜井全断面岩石掘进机在土压平衡模式下的结构示意图; [0023] FIG. 2 is a schematic view of a dual mode utility explosion-proof Full Section Rock inclined at EPB provided a novel dual mode hinge;

[0024]图3为本实用新型所提供的双铰接双模式防爆型斜井全断面岩石掘进机在斜井缓和坡段的工作示意图; [0024] Figure 3 a dual mode dual hinge provided novel explosion-inclined slope section of a schematic whole work Section Rock alleviated inclined present utility;

[0025] 图4为图1中防扭转装置的结构示意图; [0025] FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the anti-rotation device of Figure 1;

[0026] 图5为图1中AA向剖面示意图; [0026] FIG. 5 is a schematic view of the cross-section AA in FIG. 1;

[0027] 图6为图1中BB向剖面示意图; [0027] Figure 6 is a schematic view of the cross-sectional view along line BB;

[0028] 图7为图1中CC向剖面示意图; [0028] FIG. 7 is a schematic view of FIG. 1 to the CC cross-sectional view;

[0029] 图8为图1中DD向剖面示意图; [0029] FIG. 8 is a schematic view of the FIG. 1 DD cross-sectional view;

[0030] 图9为图1中EE向剖面示意图。 [0030] FIG. 9 is a schematic view of the Figure 1 cross-section EE.

[0031]图 1-9 中: [0031] FIG. 1-9:

[0032] 刀盘1、溜渣板2、驱动装置3、前盾4、前盾稳定器5、前铰接油缸6、推进装置7、中盾8、中盾稳定器9、除尘装置10、后盾11、后铰接油缸12、管片安装机13、主机皮带机14、管片15、螺旋机座16、防扭转装置17、螺旋输送机18、封板19、双向刮渣板101、滚刀102、举升油缸301、导向装置302、连接块171、扭转缸172、安装座173。 [0032] The cutter 1, slide slag plate 2, the driving device 3, the front shield 4, the front shield stabilizer 5, the first hinge cylinder 6, the propulsion device 7, the shield 8, the shield holder 9, the dust removing device 10, the backing 11, the hinged cylinder 12, the tube sheet mounting machine 13, the master belt conveyor 14, the tube sheet 15, the coil base 16, anti-rotation device 17, screw conveyor 18, sealing plate 19, the bidirectional scum plate 101, 102 hob , lift cylinder 301, the guide 302, connecting block 171, the torsion cylinder 172, the mount 173.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0033] 本实用新型的核心是提供一种双铰接双模式防爆型斜井全断面岩石掘进机,该掘进机能够适应斜井隧道中缓和坡段于斜坡连接处曲率半径小的工况,转弯能力强,整机姿态便于调整。 [0033] The core of the present invention is to provide a dual mode dual-hinge type explosion inclined face rock boring machine, the tunnel boring machine can be adapted to the inclined groove section to ease the small radius of curvature at the junction conditions ramp, turning ability, the whole attitude easy to adjust.

[0034] 为了使本技术领域的人员更好地理解本实用新型方案,下面结合附图和具体实施方式对本实用新型作进一步的详细说明。 [0034] In order to make those skilled in the art better understand the solutions of the present disclosure, the drawings and the following detailed description in conjunction with specific embodiments of the present invention further.

[0035] 请参考图1,图1为本实用新型所提供双铰接双模式防爆型斜井全断面岩石掘进机在TBM (Tunnel Boring Machine,硬岩掘进)模式下的结构示意图。 [0035] Please refer to FIG 1, FIG. 1 is a schematic structural explosion-proof dual mode dual hinge Full Section Rock inclined at TBM (Tunnel Boring Machine, TBM) provide useful new mode.

[0036] 该实施例中,双铰接双模式防爆型斜井全断面岩石掘进机包括: [0036] In this embodiment, dual mode dual-hinge type explosion inclined Full Section Rock comprising:

[0037] 刀盘掘进机构,用于破碎岩石;[0038] 护盾装置,包括依次连接的前盾4、中盾8和后盾11 ; [0037] The boring cutter mechanism for breaking rock; [0038] Shield apparatus, comprising a front shield 4 are sequentially connected, the shield 8 and the backing 11;

[0039] 其中,前盾4和中盾8的上部可分别设置前盾稳定器5和中盾稳定器9,掘进过程中,可以吸收主机的振动,换刀时也可防振并稳定护盾装置。 [0039] wherein the upper shield 4 and the front shield 8 may be respectively provided front shield 5 and the shield stabilizer stabilizer 9, during excavation, the host can absorb vibration, and the vibration-proof when the tool change can be stabilized shield device.

[0040] 驱动装置3,安装于所述前盾,与所述刀盘掘进机构连接,用于驱动刀盘I旋转; [0040] The drive means 3 mounted on the front shield, connected to the boring cutter mechanism for driving the rotating cutter I;

[0041] 其中,如盾4和中盾8王动绞接,中盾8和后盾11被动绞接。 [0041] wherein, as the shield 4 and the movable shield 8 king spliced, the shield 8 and the passive backing 11 hinged.

[0042] 前盾4和中盾8通过前铰接油缸6主动铰接,前铰接油缸6沿前盾4和中盾8交接处的周向布置。 [0042] The front shield 4 and the front shield by a hinge cylinder 6 8 active hinge, the front cylinder 6 along the front hinge 4 and peripheral shield 8 shields the junction arrangement. 这里,主动铰接是指前铰接油缸6主动伸缩调节掘进机前盾4和中盾8的弯折角度,实现转弯;具体地,根据隧道曲线的半径调节前铰接油缸6的行程差,可以精确控制前铰接油缸6的行程,准确控制掘进机前后部之间的角度。 Here, active refers to a precursor articulated hinge active cylinder 6 telescopically adjustable front shield tunneling machine 4 and the bending angle of the shield 8, turning achieved; in particular, according to the radius of the tunnel profile before adjustment hinge 6 difference cylinder stroke can be precisely controlled 6 before the hinge cylinder stroke, accurate control of the angle between the front and rear portions TBM.

[0043] 中盾8和后盾11通过后绞接油缸12被动绞接,后绞接油缸12沿中盾8和后盾11交接处的周向布置;这里,被动铰接是指后铰接油缸12依靠外力伸缩,从而使掘进机中盾8和后盾11之间形成弯折角度。 [0043] In the shield 8 and the backing 11 through the hinge cylinder passive hinge 12, the hinge 12 along the cylinder circumference of the shield 8 and the backing 11 to the junction of the arrangement; herein, refers to the passive articulation hinge rely on external cylinder 12 stretching, so that the shield tunneling machine 8 and the bending angle is formed between the backing 11.

[0044] 请一并参考图3,图3为本实用新型所提供的双铰接双模式防爆型斜井全断面岩石掘进机在斜井缓和坡段的工作示意图。 [0044] Please refer to FIG. 3, FIG. 3 is a schematic view of practical work slope segments articulated dual mode dual slope novel explosion-proof provided full Section Rock inclined alleviated.

[0045] 掘进机在通过斜井缓和坡段时,依靠前铰接油缸6的主动伸缩使前盾4和中盾8发生弯折,推进装置7的推力作用于掘进机的后部,再通过前铰接油缸6传递到掘进机的前部;利用推进装置7的推进油缸推动中盾8往前掘进,利用后铰接油缸12牵引后盾11。 [0045] When boring machine alleviated by inclined slope sections, before relying on active hinge telescopic cylinder 6 of the front shield and the shield 4 is bent 8 occurs, propulsion thrust means 7 in the rear of the boring machine, and then through the front hinge cylinder 6 is transmitted to the front portion of the boring machine; cylinder propulsion by the pusher pushing means 7 forward tunneling shield 8, the traction backing 12 with a hinge 11 cylinder.

[0046] 如此,掘进机的护盾装置采用双铰接结构,能够很好地适应斜井隧道中缓和坡段与斜坡连接处曲率半径小的工况,转弯能力较强,而且,便于整机姿态调整,适应性强。 [0046] Thus, the shield tunneling machine apparatus dual hinge structure, able to adapt to inclined slope section tunnel relaxation small radius of curvature at the junction slope conditions, cornering ability, and convenient for the machine attitude adjustment and adaptability.

[0047] 请一并参考图4-9,图4为图1中防扭转装置的结构示意图;图5-9分别示出了图1中AA向、BB向、CC向、DD向及EE向的剖面示意图。 [0047] Please refer to FIGS. 4-9, FIG. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of one of the rotation-prevention means; Figures 5-9 illustrate in FIG. 1 to AA, BB direction, to the CC, DD and EE to the the cross-sectional view.

[0048] 进一步地,前盾4和中盾8之间设置有防扭转装置17。 [0048] Further, the front shield is provided between the shield 4 and 8 anti-twist means 17. 在直线段掘进时,可防止前盾4和中盾8发生扭转。 When boring straight segment, the front shield 4 prevents the shield 8 and twisting.

[0049] 具体地,该防扭转装置17包括连接块171和扭转缸172,扭转缸172通过安装座173固设于中盾8,连接块171的一端与前盾4固定,另一端卡置于两扭转缸172之间,不于图4中。 [0049] In particular, the anti-rotation means 17 comprises a torsion cylinder 171 and the connecting block 172, the torsion cylinder 172 by the mounting seat 173 fixed to the shield 8, an end block 171 is connected with the front shield 4 is fixed, the other end of the card in between two torsion cylinder 172, not in FIG. 4.

[0050] 进一步地,刀盘掘进机构的旋转中心线位于护盾装置的中心线上方;如此设置,掘进机在斜井向下掘进时,处于埋深较大或收敛地质变形工况时,可以防止卡机。 [0050] Further, the rotational centerline of the cutter shield tunneling mechanism is located above the center line of the device; thus arranged, when the boring machine tunneling downwardly inclined, at a greater depth when deformed or convergent geologic conditions, can be prevent the card from the machine.

[0051] 更进一步地,在驱动装置3的下端设有抬升装置,通过该抬升装置,可以进一步将刀盘掘进机构的刀盘I抬升,同时,刀盘I的滚刀102也进行相应的调整,能够扩大开挖间隙,进一步减小掘进机卡机的危险。 [0051] Still further, in the lower end of the drive means 3 is provided with a lifting device, by which lifting device may further boring cutter the cutter I lift mechanism, while the hob cutter 102 I can also be adjusted , to expand the excavation gap, further reducing the risk of boring machine card machine.

[0052] 具体地,所述抬升装置包括举升油缸301和调节举升油缸301活动方向的导向装置302,举升油缸301的活动端与驱动装置3的下端连接,如图6中所示。 [0052] In particular, the lifting means comprises a lifting cylinder 301 and the lift cylinder 301 regulating activity direction guide device 302, the lower end of the lift cylinder 301 and the free end of the drive means 3 is connected, as shown in FIG. 当需要提升刀盘I时,可控制举升油缸301的活动端伸出,同时导向装置302调节该活动端的运动方向,使其将驱动装置3向上抬升,由于驱动装置3与刀盘掘进机构连接,所以同时也将刀盘掘进机构的刀盘I抬升。 When the need to upgrade the cutter I, may control the lift cylinder 301 is extended movable end, the guide device 302 while adjusting the direction of movement of the movable end, it will lift up the drive means 3, the drive unit 3 is connected to the cutter mechanism tunneling so also the cutter cutter tunneling mechanism I uplift.

[0053] 在此基础上,护盾装置的前盾4、中盾8和后盾11三者的径向尺寸依次减小设置,也有利于避免掘进机卡机。 [0053] Based on this, the front shield of the shield apparatus 4, the shield 8 and the radial dimension of backing 11 is provided to reduce the order of the three, but also help to avoid TBM card machine.

[0054] 进一步地,刀盘掘进机构的刀盘I为双向旋转刀盘,即刀盘I在驱动装置3的带动下能够正反向旋转,相应地,刀盘掘进机构的刮渣板也设置为双向刮渣板101,以使刀盘I正反转时均可出渣。 [0054] Further, the cutter mechanism I boring cutter is reversible rotary cutter, i.e. I driven cutter driving apparatus 3 is capable of rotating forward and reverse, respectively, cutter plate tunneling mechanism is also provided scum bidirectional residue scraping plate 101, so that the cutter can slag when reversing I. 如此设置,能够防止掘进机主机和管片15滚转,具体地,正常掘进时,刀盘I朝一个方向旋转,当掘进机主机和管片15出现滚转现象,无法继续掘进时,可以控制刀盘I朝相反方向旋转,从而对掘进机主机进行纠偏。 Thus arranged, can be prevented and the host segment boring machine roll 15, specifically, during normal excavation, the cutter rotates in a direction I, when the host and the tunneling machine roll phenomenon occurs tube sheet 15, we can not continue tunneling can be controlled I cutterhead rotation in the opposite direction, thereby correcting boring machine host.

[0055] 进一步地,刀盘掘进机构包括土压平衡模式回转接头和TBM模式回转接头,也就是说,该掘进机可以在土压平衡掘进模式和TBM掘进模式之间转换,当开挖面围岩能够自稳,岩层稳定性较好时采用TBM模式施工,可参考图1,当开挖面稳定性差或者含水较多时,采用土压平衡模式施工,可参考图2。 [0055] Further, the cutter mechanism includes a tunneling earth pressure balance TBM mode swivel joint and the swivel joint mode, i.e., the tunneling machine can EPB tunneling between the TBM and the mode conversion mode, when the excavation face enclosed It can be self-stabilizing rock, rock good stability when using TBM construction mode, refer to Figure 1, when the difference between the aqueous stability, or more excavation surface, using the earth pressure balance mode of construction, refer to Figure 2.

[0056] 具体地,采用TBM掘进模式时,刀盘I上装有溜渣板2,出渣装置为主机皮带机14 ;刀盘I在驱动装置3的带动下旋转,通过推进装置7的推进油缸提供的推力向前方掘进,将切削的岩渣输送到主机皮带机14,同时除尘装置10进行除尘作业,降低作业区域的粉尘含量;当推进油缸达到最大行程时,停止掘进,利用安装于后盾11下方的管片安装机13拼装管片15 ;依此往复作业,实现掘进作业和支护作业,隧道一次成型。 [0056] In particular, when using the TBM mode, with slip cutterhead I slag plate 2, the tap device is a master belt 14; cutterhead I rotating driven drive means 3, by advancing the propulsion cylinder device 7 thrust provided tunneling forward conveying rock slag cut into host belt conveyor 14, while the dust removing device 10 for dust removal operation, reducing the dust content of a work area; when the propulsion cylinder reaches the maximum stroke, stopping tunneling by attached to the backing 11 below the segment tube sheet assembly 13 mounted machine 15; and so reciprocates jobs, excavation work and support operations, forming a tunnel.

[0057] 采用土压平衡掘进模式时,刀盘I不需要安装溜渣板2,此时安装封板19,为封闭式掘进模式;出渣装置采用螺旋输送机18,螺旋输送机18倾斜设置,安装于螺旋机座16 ;刀盘I在驱动装置3带动下旋转,通过推进装置7的推进油缸提供的推力向前方掘进,将切削的岩渣送到螺旋输送机18 ;当推进油缸达到最大行程时,停止掘进,利用管片安装机13拼装管片15 ;依此往复作业,实现掘进作业和支护作业,隧道一次成型。 [0057] When using earth pressure balance tunneling mode, I need to install the cutter slag slide plate 2, mounting seal plate 19 at this time, a closed tunneling mode; tapping screw conveyor means 18 employed, inclined screw conveyor 18 attached to the coil base 16; I cutterhead driven by drive means 3 in the rotation, through tunneling forward propulsion thrust cylinder propulsion means 7 provided, the rock cutting slag to screw conveyor 18; maximum when the propulsion cylinder the stroke stop tunneling machine 15 using a mounting plate 13 assembled pipe segment; so reciprocally jobs, excavation work and support operations, forming a tunnel.

[0058] 进一步地,掘进机整机的电设备及液压设备均设为防爆设备。 [0058] Further, roadheader machine electrical equipment and hydraulic equipment are set to explosion-proof equipment. 具体地,驱动装置的驱动电机采用防爆电机,与电机相配套的电设备也均采用防爆设置;推进装置的推进油缸的液压设备、铰接油缸的液压设备等均为防爆设备;实际上,掘进机上可产生电火花的设备均采用防爆设备,也就是说,整机集成防爆电器、液压、流体设备,使得整机符合国家防爆标准。 Specifically, the drive motor driving device in the explosion-proof motor, and the motor supporting electrical explosion-proof equipment are also provided; propulsion thrust hydraulic cylinder device means, hydraulic equipment and the like are hinged cylinder explosion-proof equipment; in fact, the boring machine equipment may spark explosion-proof devices are used, that is to say, the whole integrated explosion-proof electrical, hydraulic, fluid equipment, which makes compliance with national standards for explosion. 如此设置,可以提高作业安全性,使掘进机能够在含爆炸性气体的隧道内进行掘进,如煤矿巷道等。 Thus arranged, operational safety can be improved, so can be boring tunneling machine, such as a tunnel like Roadway containing explosive gas.

[0059]以上对本实用新型所提供的一种双铰接双模式防爆型斜井全断面岩石掘进机进行了详细介绍。 [0059] The foregoing present invention a dual articulated dual mode provided novel explosion-proof Inclined Section Rock full described in detail. 本文中应用了具体个例对本实用新型的原理及实施方式进行了阐述,以上实施例的说明只是用于帮助理解本实用新型的方法及其核心思想。 Herein through specific examples of the principles of the present invention and embodiments are set forth in the above described embodiments are only for assisting understanding of the present invention a method and core ideas. 应当指出,对于本技术领域的普通技术人员来说,在不脱离本实用新型原理的前提下,还可以对本实用新型进行若干改进和修饰,这些改进和修饰也落入本实用新型权利要求的保护范围内。 It should be noted that those of ordinary skill in the art, in the present invention without departing from the principles of the premise, may also be several improvements and modifications of the present invention is carried out, and these improvements and modifications also fall within the claims of the present invention range.

Claims (10)

  1. 1.一种双铰接双模式防爆型斜井全断面岩石掘进机,包括: 刀盘掘进机构,用于破碎岩石; 护盾装置,包括依次连接的前盾、中盾和后盾; 驱动装置,安装于所述前盾,与所述刀盘掘进机构连接,用于驱动刀盘旋转; 其特征在于,所述前盾和所述中盾主动铰接,所述中盾和所述后盾被动铰接。 An explosion-proof double articulated dual mode inclined face rock boring machine, comprising: excavating cutter for breaking rock; shield means comprises a front shield, the shield and the backing are sequentially connected; drive means mounted to the front shield, connected to the boring cutter mechanism for driving the rotating cutter; wherein said shield and said front shield are active hinge, and the shield in the passive backing hinge.
  2. 2.如权利要求1所述的双铰接双模式防爆型斜井全断面岩石掘进机,其特征在于,所述前盾和所述中盾之间设置有防扭转装置。 2. The dual hinge according to claim 1 explosion-dual mode inclined face rock boring machine, characterized in that the anti-twist device is provided between the front of the shield and the shield.
  3. 3.如权利要求2所述的双铰接双模式防爆型斜井全断面岩石掘进机,其特征在于,所述防扭转装置包括连接块和扭转缸,所述扭转缸固设于所述中盾,所述连接块的一端与所述前盾固接,另一端卡置于两所述扭转缸之间。 The dual hinge according to claim 2 dual mode explosion-inclined face rock boring machine, characterized in that the connecting means comprising a cylinder block and a twist, the twist cylinder fixed to said shield in said anti-twist one end of the connector block and the front shield is fixed to the other end of the card placed between two torsion cylinders.
  4. 4.如权利要求1所述的双铰接双模式防爆型斜井全断面岩石掘进机,其特征在于,所述刀盘掘进机构的旋转中心线位于所述护盾装置的中心线上方。 4. The dual mode of one pair of hinge explosion-inclined Full Section Rock claim, wherein the rotation center line of the excavating disc cutter is positioned above the centerline of the shield means.
  5. 5.如权利要求4所述的双铰接双模式防爆型斜井全断面岩石掘进机,其特征在于,所述驱动装置的下端设有抬升装置。 5. The dual hinge according to claim 4 dual mode explosion-inclined face rock boring machine, characterized in that the drive means is provided with a lower end of the lifting device.
  6. 6.如权利要求5所述的双铰接双模式防爆型斜井全断面岩石掘进机,其特征在于,所述抬升装置包括举升油缸和调节所述举升油缸伸缩方向的导向装置,所述举升油缸的活动端与所述驱动装置的下端连接。 6. The dual hinge according to claim 5 dual mode explosion-inclined face rock boring machine, characterized in that the lifting means comprises a lifting cylinder and the lifting cylinder adjustable guide means stretching direction, the movable end connected to the lower end of the lift cylinder to said drive means.
  7. 7.如权利要求1至6任一项所述的双铰接双模式防爆型斜井全断面岩石掘进机,其特征在于,所述前盾、所述中盾和所述后盾三者的径向尺寸依次减小。 7. A hinge according to any one to six pairs of dual mode according to an explosion-proof Shaft Section Rock full claim, wherein said front shield, the shield and the radial direction of the backing of the three size successively reduced.
  8. 8.如权利要求1至6任一项所述的双铰接双模式防爆型斜井全断面岩石掘进机,其特征在于,所述刀盘掘进机构的刀盘为双向旋转刀盘。 As claimed in any one of claims 1 to 6 pairs of dual mode explosion-proof hinge according to one full inclined Section Rock, characterized in that the cutter for excavating cutter reversible rotary cutter.
  9. 9.如权利要求1至6任一项所述的双铰接双模式防爆型斜井全断面岩石掘进机,其特征在于,所述刀盘掘进机构包括土压平衡模式回转接头和TBM模式回转接头。 As claimed in claims 1 to 9. The articulated dual mode dual explosion-proof according to any one inclined Full Section Rock 6, wherein said cutter mechanism comprises a tunneling mode EPB swivel joints and swivel joints mode TBM .
  10. 10.如权利要求1至6任一项所述的双铰接双模式防爆型斜井全断面岩石掘进机,其特征在于,所述掘进机整机的电设备及液压设备均为防爆设备。 As claimed in any one of claims 1 to 6 pairs of dual mode explosion-proof hinge according to one full inclined Section Rock, characterized in that said electrical apparatus and boring machine machine hydraulic equipment are explosion-proof equipment.
CN 201320589247 2013-09-23 2013-09-23 Dual-hinged and dual-mode explosion-proof inclined shaft tunnel boring machine CN203499693U (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104196538A (en) * 2014-09-05 2014-12-10 中船重工(青岛)轨道交通装备有限公司 Combined type double-shield tunneling machine
CN104453927A (en) * 2013-09-23 2015-03-25 中铁隧道装备制造有限公司 Double-hinged-joint double-mode anti-explosion type inclined shaft full face rock tunnel boring machine
WO2015188356A1 (en) * 2014-06-12 2015-12-17 中国铁建重工集团有限公司 Hard rock tunnel boring machine
CN106246198A (en) * 2016-08-26 2016-12-21 辽宁三三工业有限公司 Bidirectional rotary cutter head of rock boring machine and bidirectional rotary boring method

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104453927A (en) * 2013-09-23 2015-03-25 中铁隧道装备制造有限公司 Double-hinged-joint double-mode anti-explosion type inclined shaft full face rock tunnel boring machine
WO2015188356A1 (en) * 2014-06-12 2015-12-17 中国铁建重工集团有限公司 Hard rock tunnel boring machine
CN104196538A (en) * 2014-09-05 2014-12-10 中船重工(青岛)轨道交通装备有限公司 Combined type double-shield tunneling machine
CN104196538B (en) * 2014-09-05 2015-09-30 中船重工(青岛)轨道交通装备有限公司 A composite double shield tunnel boring machine
CN106246198A (en) * 2016-08-26 2016-12-21 辽宁三三工业有限公司 Bidirectional rotary cutter head of rock boring machine and bidirectional rotary boring method

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