CN102996063A - Drilling mechanism for mine rock drilling and tunneling - Google Patents

Drilling mechanism for mine rock drilling and tunneling Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102996063A
CN102996063A CN2012105733993A CN201210573399A CN102996063A CN 102996063 A CN102996063 A CN 102996063A CN 2012105733993 A CN2012105733993 A CN 2012105733993A CN 201210573399 A CN201210573399 A CN 201210573399A CN 102996063 A CN102996063 A CN 102996063A
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China
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drilling
end
cylinder
connected
mechanism
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CN2012105733993A
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Chinese (zh)
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徐杰
王凯
杨树龙
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张家口宣化华泰矿冶机械有限公司
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Priority to CN2012105733993A priority Critical patent/CN102996063A/en
Publication of CN102996063A publication Critical patent/CN102996063A/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses a drilling mechanism for mine rock drilling and tunneling. The drilling mechanism comprises a supporting arm, a compensation mechanism and a thruster, wherein the compensation mechanism is arranged between the supporting arm and the thruster. One end of the supporting arm is arranged on a driving device through a connection base, the other end of the supporting arm is connected with the compensation mechanism through a connection base, the compensation mechanism is arranged in the drilling thruster in sliding mode, and a tilt angle oil cylinder disposed in the compensation mechanism is arranged in the drilling thruster in pivoted mode. The maximum rotating angles of the compensation mechanism and the thruster in the horizontal direction and the vertical direction respectively relative to the supporting arm are respectively not smaller than 180 degrees, the maximum pitch angles of the compensation mechanism and the thruster in the vertical direction relative to the supporting arm are respectively not smaller than 90 degrees, accordingly the mine rock drilling and tunneling range covers the 360-degree range in the vertical surface direction and all directions in the front, and operation range is enlarged. Simultaneously, the drilling mechanism has an automatic parallel keeping function so that all drilled holes face to the same direction. The drilling mechanism is simple in drilling positioning operation, is greatly improved in operation efficiency and has appreciable economic benefit.

Description

矿山凿岩掘进用钻孔机构 Mining drilling boring with drilling agency

技术领域 FIELD

[0001 ] 本发明涉及矿山机械技术领域。 [0001] The present invention relates to the field of mining machinery.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002]目前的矿山开挖中,采用凿岩(钻孔)后爆破成形的钻爆法是占主导地位的开采方法。 [0002] It mine excavation, drilling and blasting method using the drilling (drilling) Blow molding is the dominant mining method. 显然,用最快的速度完成按一定规律分布的爆破孔的钻凿,成了人们在工程实践中追求的经济技术指标。 Obviously, the completion of drilling blast holes according to certain rules of distribution with the fastest speed, has become the people's pursuit of engineering practice in the economic and technical indicators. 凿岩设备通常包括底盘系统、工作机构以及提供动力的动力系统和液压、电器系统。 Rock drilling apparatus typically includes a chassis system, and a working mechanism and a power hydraulic systems, electrical systems powered. 其中工作机构是凿岩设备的关键部件,它决定了凿岩的范围和速度。 Wherein the operating mechanism is a key component of the drilling equipment, which determines the range and speed of drilling. 目前市场中凿岩机用的工作机构角度调整范围小,钻孔时为了达到预定位置需要十分繁琐的操作步骤,工作效率极其低下。 Currently working angle mechanism market drilling machine of small range of adjustment, in order to achieve a predetermined desired position very complicated steps during drilling, work efficiency is extremely low.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0003] 本发明要解决的技术问题是提供一种矿山凿岩掘进用钻孔机构,本发明可以在矿山凿岩掘进中对垂直面360度范围及前方所有方位进行钻凿爆破孔,同时角度调整方便准确、操作效率高、有自动保持平行功能。 [0003] The present invention is to solve the technical problem of providing a mine drilling with drilling tunneling mechanism, the present invention may be boosting holes 360 and the front range in all directions vertical drilling mine excavation while the angle easy adjustment accuracy, high operating efficiency, there is an automatic function remain parallel.

[0004] 为解决上述技术问题,本发明所采取的技术方案是:一种矿山凿岩掘进用钻孔机构,包括钻孔推进器,其特征在于还包括支臂,所述支臂包括钻臂、平动油缸、十字铰座和连接座,所述钻臂一端与连接座I通过十字铰座I相连,所述钻臂另一端通过十字铰座IV与连接座II销轴相连,所述平动油缸由两个平动前油缸和两个平动后油缸组成,所述两个平动前油缸一端与钻臂中部连接,另一端通过十字铰座III用销轴与连接座II相连,所述两个平动后油缸一端与钻臂中部连接,另一端通过十字铰座II用销轴与连接座I相连; [0004] To solve the above technical problem, the technical solution by the present invention is: A mine excavation rock drilling with means, comprising a drill pusher, characterized by further comprising a support arm, the boom arm comprises , translation cylinder, and the cross connecting seat hinge base, one end of the boom are connected by the connecting base I I cross hinge base, the other end of the arm by the cross drill hinge base connected to the connection base II IV pin, said flat by the movable cylinder two cylinders and two translational level before the movable cylinder components, the two front flat movable cylinder having one end connected to the middle boom, the other end of the connecting pin connected with the seat by the cross II hinge base III, the One end of the cylinder to be described later and two translational middle boom and the other end by the cross connected by a hinge pin and II seat connecting base I;

对上述结构作进一步说明,所述支臂和钻孔推进器之间设有补偿机构,所述补偿机构包括旋转油缸、补偿油缸、顶尖油缸、补偿架、摆角油缸、和回转支承,所述旋转油缸一端固定安装于连接座II,另一端固定安装于两个连接面垂直布置连接座III上,所述回转支承一端固定安装连接座III,另一端固定安装于90度布置的连接座IV,连接座IV另一端连接有补偿架,所述摆角油缸一端与连接座IV连接,另一端与补偿架连接,所述补偿油缸一端与补偿架连接,另一端与钻孔推进器连接; The above-described structure will be further described, is provided between the compensating means and the drill pusher arm, said compensating means comprises a rotating cylinder, the compensation cylinder, the cylinder top, compensation frame, swing angle cylinder, and rotary support, said one end fixed to a rotating cylinder mounted II connector holder, another end is fixed mounted on the two connecting surfaces arranged vertically III connector holder, one end of the rotary bearing fixedly mounted connector base III, the other end 90 is fixed mounted to the connector holder IV arrangement, the other end is connected to the compensation IV base frame, the swing angle cylinder base end connected to IV, and the other end connected to the frame compensation, the compensation and the compensation cylinder end frame and the other end connected to the pusher and the bore;

对上述结构作进一步说明,所述钻孔推进器包括推进油缸、凿岩机、滑架、钎杆夹具,所述推进油缸固定安装于滑架上,推进油缸的推杆与凿岩机连接,凿岩机与滑架滑动配合,所述钎杆夹具固定安装于滑架的前端。 The above-described structure will be further described, includes advancing the pusher cylinder bore, drilling machine, the carriage, drill rod clamp, fixedly mounted on the cylinder advancing carriage, advancing the pusher cylinder is connected with the rock drill, rock drill carriage sliding fit, the drill rod fixedly mounted to a front end of the clamp carriage.

[0005] 采用上述技术方案所产生的有益效果,本发明与现有技术相比,具有如下显著的进步:1.本发明中的支臂包括四个平动油缸,四个平动油缸可以驱动包括钻臂、补偿机构和钻孔推进器进行左右摆动,若使用联动功能则利用两个平动油缸进行自动保持平行功能,可以使钻孔都指向同一方向,对钻孔的定位操作变得十分简单,钻孔作业的效率大大提高,经济效益十分可观;2.本发明中的补偿机构,通过补偿机构中的旋转油缸、摆角油缸和回转支承的驱动使得钻孔推进器能够在水平方向和垂直屏幕方向最大转动角度不小于180度,在垂直方向最大俯仰角度不小于90度,使凿岩掘进范围覆盖了垂直面方向360度范围及前方所有方位,加大了工作机构的作业范围,工作效率大大提高; [0005] The beneficial effects produced by the above-described aspect, the present invention compared to the prior art, a significant progress as follows: one arm of the present invention includes a translational four cylinders, four cylinders can be driven translational includes a boom, and the compensation mechanism for the pusher swing around the borehole, the use of two interlocking function using the automatically translating cylinders remain parallel feature that allows the drilling point to the same direction, the positioning of the drilling operation becomes very simple, the efficiency of drilling operations is greatly improved, very substantial economic benefits; 2. compensation mechanism in the present invention, the rotating cylinder compensation mechanism, and the swing angle slewing cylinder bore such that drive the pusher and can be horizontally vertical screen direction of the maximum rotation angle of not less than 180 degrees, the maximum angle of tilt in the vertical direction is not less than 90 degrees, so that the rock excavation coverage range 360 ​​and the front vertical orientation directions of all, increase the operating range of the working body, work efficiency is greatly improved;

3.本发明中使用装有两个顶尖油缸的钻孔推进器,可通过该两顶尖油缸的活塞杆的伸缩固定本发明工作机构,使得凿岩钻孔作业更加稳定。 3. The present invention is equipped with two top pusher cylinder bore, through the work of fixing the telescopic mechanism of the present invention, the two piston cylinder top, such that the rock drilling operation more stable.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0006] 下面结合附图和具体实施方式对本发明作进一步详细的说明。 [0006] The present invention will be further described in detail in conjunction with accompanying drawings and specific embodiments.

[0007] 图1是本发明所述矿山凿岩掘进用钻孔机构的主视结构示意图; [0007] FIG. 1 is a schematic front view of a structure of the present invention, the drilling mechanism drilling mine excavation;

图2是本发明所述矿山凿岩掘进用钻孔机构的俯视结构示意图; The present invention FIG. 2 is a schematic plan view mine drilling structure borehole boring mechanism;

其中:1、支臂;11、连接座I,12、十字铰座I,13、十字铰座11,14、钻臂,15、平动后油缸,16、平动前油缸,17、十字铰座III,18、十字铰座IV,19、连接座II ; Wherein: 1, the arm; 11, connecting base I, 12, cross hinge base I, 13, 11, 14 cross hinge base, the boom 15, the translation cylinder 16, before the translation cylinder 17, the cross hinge seat III, 18, cross hinge base IV, 19, connecting base II;

2、补偿机构,20、旋转油缸,21、补偿油缸,22、连接座IV,23、顶尖油缸,24、回转支承,25、补偿架,26、连接座III,27、摆角油缸; 2, compensating mechanism 20, the rotating cylinder 21, the compensation cylinder 22, connecting base IV, 23, the top cylinder, 24, the rotary support 25, compensation frame 26, connecting base III, 27, swing angle cylinder;

3、钻孔推进器,31、推进油缸,32、凿岩机,33、滑架,34、钎杆夹具。 3, the pusher drill, 31, propulsion cylinders 32, drilling machines, 33, a carriage 34, drill rod clamp.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0008] 下面结合附图和具体实施方式对本发明作进一步详细的说明,但本发明的保护范围并不限于此。 [0008] DRAWINGS and DETAILED DESCRIPTION The present invention will be described in further detail, but the scope of present invention are not so limited.

[0009] 结合图1、图2所示,对本发明的结构及工作方式做详细介绍。 [0009] in conjunction with FIG. 1 and FIG. 2, a detailed description of the structure and mode of operation of the present invention.

[0010] 矿山凿岩掘进用钻孔机构包括支臂1、补偿机构2、钻孔推进器3,支臂I和钻孔推进器3之间设有补偿机构2。 [0010] mine drilling with drill boring mechanism comprises an arm, compensating mechanism 2, the pusher drill 3, 3 is provided with compensation means between the arm 2 and the drill I pusher.

[0011] 支臂I包括连接座I 11、十字铰座I 12、十字铰座II 13、钻臂14、平动后油缸(2个)15、平动前油缸(2个)16、十字铰座III 17、十字铰座IV 18、连接座II 19,连接座I 11通过螺栓固定安装于凿岩设备台车上,钻臂14 一端与连接座I 11通过十字铰座I 12用销轴相连,钻臂14另一端通过十字铰座IV 18用销轴与连接座II 19相连,2个平动前油缸16一端枢转安装于钻臂,另一端通过十字铰座III 17用销轴与连接座II 19相连,2个平动后油缸15 —端枢转安装于钻臂,另一端通过十字铰座II 13用销轴与连接座I 11相连,在不使用联动功能的情况下2个平动前油缸16和2个平动后油缸15在液压驱动下同时动作进行不同程度的伸缩,实现支臂I相对连接座I 11左右、上下摆动,在使用联动功能的情况下则只有2个平动前油缸16伸缩实现自动保持平行功能,可以使钻孔都指向同一方向。 [0011] arm I comprises a connecting base I. 11, Cross hinge base I 12 is, cross hinge base II 13, 14, the translational cylinder (2) 15, the translational front cylinder (2) 16, cross hinge drilling boom Block III 17, cross hinge base IV 18, connecting base II 19, I 11 is connected by a bolt holder fixedly mounted to a carriage drilling equipment, the drill boom 14 is connected at one end to the seat 12 is connected by a pin I 11 by the cross hinge base I , the other end of the boom is connected by pins 14 to the connecting seat by the cross hinge base II 19 IV 18, 2 th translational front end of cylinder 16 pivotally mounted to the boom, the other end of the hinge block by the cross connected by pins III 17 Block II. 19 connected to the two cylinders translational 15-- end pivotally mounted to the booms, and the other end is connected to cross-II hinge base 13 by pins connected holder I 11 through, without the use of interlocking features two levels pre-action cylinder 16, and two post-translational cylinder 15 while the operation of the different degrees of stretching under hydraulic drive achieve arm I relative to the connector housing about I. 11, swing up and down, in the case where the interlocking function is only two levels pre-action cylinder 16 automatically remain parallel telescopic function, can point to the same direction of drilling.

[0012] 补偿机构2包括旋转油缸20、补偿油缸21、连接座IV 22、顶尖油缸23、回转支承24、补偿架25、连接座III 26、摆角油缸27,旋转油缸20 —端通过螺栓固定安装于连接座II19,另一端通过螺栓固定安装于两个连接面90度布置连接座III 26,在液压驱动下旋转油缸驱动连接座III 26相对连接座II 19旋转,也即钻孔推进器3相对连接座II 19旋转,实现钻孔推进器3在垂直屏幕方向作左右不小于180度旋转,回转支承24 —端通过螺栓固定安装连接座III 26,另一端固定安装于90度布置的连接座IV 22,连接座IV 22另一端枢转装于补偿架25,回转支承24在液压驱动下使连接座III 26相对连接座IV 22旋转,也即钻孔推进器3相对连接座II 19旋转,实现钻孔推进器3在水平方向作左右不小于180度旋转,摆角油缸27 —端枢转装于连接座IV 22,另一端枢转装于补偿架25,在液压驱动下摆角油缸27通 [0012] The compensating means 2 includes a rotary cylinder 20, the compensation cylinder 21, connecting base IV 22, the top cylinder 23, the rotary support 24, compensation frame 25, connecting base III 26, swing angle cylinder 27, the rotating cylinder 20 - terminal bolted attached to the connecting base II19, and the other end is fixed by a bolt 90 attached to the two connecting surfaces arranged connecting seat III 26 degrees, the rotating cylinder 26 is drivingly connected to the seat relative to the connector housing III II 19 rotates in a hydraulic drive, i.e. drill pusher 3 II 19 rotating relative to the connector housing, the pusher 3 as a drill to achieve approximately in vertical screen direction is not less than 180 degrees of rotation, the rotary bearing 24-- ends fixedly mounted by a bolt connection base III 26, and the other end fixedly mounted to the connector holder 90 disposed 22 IV, 22 IV connecting base is pivotally mounted to the other end of the compensating frame 25, the rotary support 24 of the connector holder III at the hydraulic drive housing 22 is rotated relative to the connector 26 IV, i.e. drill pusher relative to the connector housing 3 II 19 rotates, 3 as a drill to achieve the pusher in a horizontal direction of not less than about 180 degrees of rotation, swing angle cylinder 27 - end pivotally mounted to the connecting base IV 22, and the other end pivotally mounted to frame 25 to compensate, drive hem angle cylinder 27 through the hydraulic 伸缩使补偿架25相对连接座IV 22在竖直方向旋转,也即实现了钻孔推进器3在竖直方向做不小于90度俯仰旋转,补偿油缸21 —端枢转安装于补偿架25,另一端枢转安装于钻孔推进器3,通过补偿油缸21的伸缩带动钻孔推进器3做前后移动。 Stretching of the compensating frame 25 relative to the connector housing IV 22 is rotated in a vertical direction, i.e. to achieve a drill pusher 3 do not less than 90 degrees pitch in the vertical direction of rotation, the compensation cylinder 21 - end pivotally mounted to the frame 25 to compensate, the other end pivotally mounted to the pusher drill 3, drive the drill longitudinal movement made by the pusher 3 compensating cylinder 21 telescopically.

[0013] 钻孔推进器3包括推进油缸31、凿岩机32、滑架33、钎杆夹具34,推进油缸31两端均枢转安装于滑架33,同时固定安装于凿岩机32,通过推进油缸31的伸缩实现凿岩机32的前后移动,凿岩机32与滑架33滑动安装,钎杆夹具34固定安装于滑架33的前端,他可以完成针杆的接卸工作。 [0013] Drilling pusher 3 includes advancing cylinder 31, the rock drilling machine 32, the carriage 33, drill rod holder 34, advancing cylinder 31 at both ends is pivotally mounted to the carriage 33, and is fixedly mounted to the drilling machine 32 by advancing the cylinder 31 the rock drill moves back and forth to achieve stretching 32, and the rock drill 32 is mounted a sliding carriage 33, the jig 34 is fixed to the drill rod is attached to the distal end of the carriage 33, he can complete unloading of the work needle bar.

[0014] 本发明不限于上述实施例,对于本领域技术人员来说,对本发明的上述实施例所做出的任何显而易见的改进或变更都不会超出仅以举例的方式示出的本发明的实施例和所附权利要求的保护范围。 [0014] The present invention according to the present invention is not limited to the above-described embodiments, the skilled artisan, any obvious modifications and variations of the above-described embodiments of the present invention are made without departing shown by way of example only of embodiment examples and the scope of the appended claims.

Claims (3)

1. 一种矿山凿岩掘进用钻孔机构,包括钻孔推进器(3),其特征在于还包括支臂(1), 所述支臂(I)包括钻臂(14)、平动油缸(15、16)、十字铰座(12、13、17、18)和连接座(11、 19),所述钻臂(14) 一端与连接座I (11)通过十字铰座I (12)相连,所述钻臂(14)另一端通过十字铰座IV (18)与连接座II (19)销轴相连,所述平动油缸由两个平动前油缸(16)和两个平动后油缸(15)组成,所述两个平动前油缸(16)—端与钻臂(16)中部连接,另一端通过十字铰座III(17)用销轴与连接座II (19)相连,所述两个平动后油缸(15) 一端与钻臂(16)中部连接,另一端通过十字铰座II (13)用销轴与连接座I (11)相连。 A mine excavation drilling with drilling means, including drilling pusher (3), characterized by further comprising a support arm (1), the arm (I) comprises a boom (14), translation cylinder (15,16), cross hinge base (12,13,17,18) and the connecting base (1, 19), said boom (14) with one end connected to the I base (11) by the cross hinge base I (12) connected to the boom (14) and the other end connected to the connecting base II (19) by a pin hinge base cross IV (18), the translation cylinder actuated by two flat front cylinder (16) and two translational after the cylinder (fifteen), with the two front flat movable cylinder (16) - end of the boom (16) central and the other end (17) connected by pins to the connecting seat II (19) by the cross hinge base III after translating the two cylinders (15) and the boom end (16) central and the other end is connected with the pin and the connecting base I (11) by the cross hinge base II (13).
2.根据权利要求1所述的矿山凿岩掘进用钻孔机构,其特征在于所述支臂(I)和钻孔推进器(3)之间设有补偿机构(2),所述补偿机构(2)包括旋转油缸(20)、补偿油缸(21)、顶尖油缸(23)、补偿架(25)、摆角油缸(27)、和回转支承(24),所述旋转油缸(20)—端固定安装于连接座II (19),另一端固定安装于两个连接面垂直布置连接座111(26)上,所述回转支承(24)—端固定安装连接座III (26),另一端固定安装于90度布置的连接座IV (22),连接座IV (22)另一端连接有补偿架(25),所述摆角油缸(27)—端与连接座IV (22)连接,另一端与补偿架(25)连接,所述补偿油缸(21)—端与补偿架(25)连接,另一端与钻孔推进器(3)连接。 The mine drilling with drill boring mechanism according to claim 1, characterized in that the compensating means is provided with (2) between the arm (I) and drill pusher (3), said compensating means (2) comprises a rotating cylinder (20), the compensation cylinder (21), the top cylinder (23), the compensation frame (25), swing angle of the cylinder (27), and a rotary bearing (24), said rotating cylinder (20) - end fixedly attached to the connecting base II (19), and the other end fixedly mounted to the two connecting surfaces arranged vertically connector holder 111 (26), the swivel bearing (24) - III base end fixedly mounted connector (26), the other end fixedly mounted on the connecting base 90 IV (22) arranged, (22) and the other end connected to connector holder IV compensation frame (25), the swing angle of the cylinder (27) - end of the connector holder IV (22) connected to the other One end of the compensating frame (25), said compensating cylinder (21) - compensation end frame (25) and the other end of the borehole pusher (3) is connected.
3.根据权利要求1或2所述的矿山凿岩掘进用钻孔机构,其特征在于所述钻孔推进器(3)包括推进油缸(31)、凿岩机(32)、滑架(33)、钎杆夹具(34),所述推进油缸(31)固定安装于滑架(33 )上,推进油缸(31)的推杆与凿岩机(32 )连接,凿岩机(32 )与滑架(33 )滑动配合,所述钎杆夹具(34)固定安装于滑架(33)的前端。 The mine rock or the drilling means 12 DRIVING claim, wherein said drill pusher (3) comprises a propulsion cylinder (31), rock drill (32), the carriage (33), rod clamp (34), the propulsion cylinder (. 31) fixedly mounted to the carriage (33), propulsion cylinder (. 31) of the push rod and the drilling machine (32), rock drill (32) to the carriage (33) slide with the drill rod clamp (34) fixedly mounted to the distal end of the carriage (33).
CN2012105733993A 2012-12-26 2012-12-26 Drilling mechanism for mine rock drilling and tunneling CN102996063A (en)

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CN103485714A (en) * 2013-09-06 2014-01-01 三一重型装备有限公司 Drilling mechanism and drill loader
CN104499949A (en) * 2014-10-17 2015-04-08 合肥工业大学 Movable drill arm for supporting coal mine
CN104763329A (en) * 2015-04-27 2015-07-08 陕西道一智能科技有限公司 Propelling beam normal position servo mechanism of drill jumbo
CN105971523A (en) * 2016-06-30 2016-09-28 冀凯河北机电科技有限公司 Drilling system provided with folding arm

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103485714A (en) * 2013-09-06 2014-01-01 三一重型装备有限公司 Drilling mechanism and drill loader
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CN105971523A (en) * 2016-06-30 2016-09-28 冀凯河北机电科技有限公司 Drilling system provided with folding arm

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