CN102704927B - Comprehensive mechanization stone drift heading machine set - Google Patents

Comprehensive mechanization stone drift heading machine set Download PDF

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CN102704927B
CN102704927B CN201210199386.4A CN201210199386A CN102704927B CN 102704927 B CN102704927 B CN 102704927B CN 201210199386 A CN201210199386 A CN 201210199386A CN 102704927 B CN102704927 B CN 102704927B
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supporting
sleeve
support
hinged
cylinder
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CN102704927A (en
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马晓山
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马晓山
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Abstract

The invention relates to a comprehensive mechanization stone drift heading machine set, which comprises a shovel plate part, a caterpillar band travelling part, a rack, a belt conveying part, a flexible cutting part, a hydraulic drilling rig device, an advance support device, a hydraulic control system and an electric control system. The comprehensive mechanization stone drift heading machine set is characterized by also comprising a rotation part, two side supporting devices and top and bottom plate supporting devices. The comprehensive mechanization stone drift heading machine set disclosed by the invention is improved and perfected to enable the structure design to be more reasonable and compact, and the performances, such as working efficiency, stability, reliability, and safety of the set, are improved. Comprehensive mechanization construction equipment is provided for mine underground stone drift heading, and is especially adaptive to the underground stone drift mechanization operation and construction of various big, medium and small mines.

Description

A kind of comprehensive mechanized rock roadway tunneling machine group
Technical field
The invention belongs to underground coal mine developing equipment technical field, be particularly applicable to the comprehensive mechanized rock roadway tunneling machine group of large, medium and small type coal mine down-hole rock tunnel mechanization developing operation.
Background technology
In underground coal mine developing equipment technical field, the traditional handicraft mode of all kinds of mine stone drifting is mainly big gun pick, and support pattern is anchor pole, anchor cable, joist, anchor net combination supporting.Big gun pick is the perforating of gas leg type air drill, powder charge, blows out; Blow out the spoil fallen, first adopt rock rake to transport work plane again by hand breaking; After work plane spoil cleans out, monomer air drill is used to carry out bolting and rope support.Mainly there is following problem in this stone drifting construction method of blowing out:
1, tunnelling section is little: excavated section, generally at about 15 ㎡, when head-room is more than 2m, just must can carry out top-assisting anchor rod and anchor cable construction by scaffolding;
2, non_mechanical operation: borehole construction, spoil fragmentation are manual work, the top anchor shaft anchor cable construction of supported laneway still adopts monomer air drill, and assisting anchor rod and anchor cable construction adopts jackhammer, the thrust of perforating derives from arm and the arm of people, and worker's labour intensity is large.Because assisting anchor rod and anchor cable construction mainly relies on manpower, the construction quality of assisting anchor rod and anchor cable can not fundamentally be guaranteed;
3, speed of application is slow: when construction section is more than 2m height, must builds and remove scaffold, needing a large amount of time; Spoil width, more than just necessary hand breaking during 300mm, takes a large amount of time, otherwise can destroy main delivery system.Integral construction advance of working cycle is low, all within 2m;
4, efficiency is low: because perforating, broken spoil, bolting and rope support are manual work, constructor is many, causes operating efficiency low;
5, safety factor is low: constructor is interlocked in high-altitude operation, and job safety environment is poor.The all operations under sky top of perforating, broken spoil, bolting and rope support, also exist potential safety hazard;
6, operating environment is poor: the dust when blasting fume after blowing out and whitewashing all easily causes the PUD D of constructor, affects the health of operating personnel.
For this reason, in industry many scientific and technical personnel are constantly for improving the technical level of rock gangway mechanization developing operation, improve execution conditions and construction technology and effort, as Chinese Patent Application No. 200820077065.6 disclose one " stone drifting and supporting construction rig " comprise track unit and belt-conveying part, a temporary lining and harrow that rock breaks that petrosa divides, anchor bar anchor cable rig part, hydraulic pressure and the operating system of two liftables and swing.This equipment on the operational platform face has three for the pedestal of fixed oil cylinder, and wherein two pedestals are used for fixing anchor bar anchor cable rig part, and a pedestal breaks petrosa for fixing temporary lining and rake rock and divides.Temporary lining and rake rock break pedestal that petrosa divides in the centre of operating platform, and the pedestal of the anchor bar anchor cable rig part of described two liftables and swing is in the both sides of operating platform.Though it is for realizing the construction of large, medium and small rock roadway in coal mine driving borehole, top-assisting anchor rod and anchor cable construction, broken rock rake rock, detritus transport, the mechanical technical equipment changing into cover of temporary lining, the most basic condition is created for large, medium and small colliery realizes safety in production, but---------line---is blown out and---is broken rock and---harrow rock and transport rock---mucking---temporary lining---anchor bar anchor cable supporting---whitewashing in powder charge in warning because construction technology is: perforating.Still can not break away from the traditional handicraft of rock of drilling and blasting brokenly, still can not solve the stone drifting difficult problem that complex process, driving progress are slow.
For this reason, the present inventor is devoted to the developmental research of underground coal mine machinery, devise comprehensive mechanized rock roadway tunneling machine group at present, primarily of comprising track unit, belt conveyer part, the frame be arranged on track unit, anchor bar anchor cable rig, operating desk and hydraulic pressure and control system, at least one topping machanism and swinging up and down thrust unit, temporary lining and front fastening devices and posterior fixation devices.Described transport section is made up of rake pawl, belt conveyer, on the front that its rake pawl is contained in described track unit and shovel board; Belt conveyer is arranged on the rear of shovel board and the centre in crawler travel portion; Described operating platform, hydraulic pressure and operating system are contained in the top of frame.But not wide popularization and application, its reason is that product is also immature.Through actual motion verification experimental verification, this owner to also have problems following some:
1. comprehensive mechanized rock roadway tunneling machine group topping machanism with swing up and down thrust unit part, in stone drifting, cutting power is also lower; In stone drifting, compliance is poor.
2, the advanced stand device supporting height of comprehensive mechanized rock roadway tunneling machine group is lower, and majority is with development machine in conjunction with imperfect, and volume after folding is larger, and poor to the compliance of top board, bad adaptability when particularly top board tilts more serious.
3. comprehensive mechanized rock roadway tunneling machine group is exposed in frame all the time at its anchor bar anchor cable rig of the work progresss such as walking, driving cutting and temporary lining, affect the operation of these operations, easily be subject to rock hit and damage, the structure design of anchor bar anchor cable rig and installation site are not too reasonable.
4., when comprehensive mechanized rock roadway tunneling machine group works, concerning complete machine, only rely on this backplanes support assembly support and stablize, its effect is not ideal, and stablizing effect is poor.
For this reason, comprehensive mechanized rock roadway tunneling machine group, through actual motion verification experimental verification, is necessary to carry out technological improvement and perfect very much.
Summary of the invention
Object of the present invention solves above-mentioned coal mine down-hole rock tunnel tunneling technique Problems existing exactly, for improving mechanized construction level further, Improvement and perfection comprehensive mechanized rock roadway tunneling machine group, make structure design more reasonable and compact, to improve operating efficiency, stability, the performance such as reliability and safety of this unit.
Technical scheme of the present invention is to achieve these goals:
A kind of comprehensive mechanized rock roadway tunneling machine group, comprises shovel board portion, crawler travel portion, frame, belt-conveying portion, flexible cutting units, hydraulic drilling rig device, advanced stand device, hydraulic control system and electrical control system; It is characterized in that: also comprise rotating part, supported on both sides device and roof and floor bracing or strutting arrangement; Described flexible cutting units is installed on directly over shovel board portion, by pin and rotating part hinged; Described hydraulic drilling rig device is fixedly mounted on the two sides of flexible cutting units, and every side comprises one group of hydraulic drilling rig device; Described collateral support part is positioned at middle part and the rear portion of frame; Rear support portion is positioned at drive end unit; Described rotating part is made up of bearing support, bearing, rotation support body, rotary oil cylinder; Described bearing support, bearing are fixedly mounted on upper rack, and rotating support body can rotate around bearing support; Rotary oil cylinder one end by pin hinges in frame base, the other end by pin hinges on rotation support body hinged ear.
Described flexible cutting units comprises Telescopic height-adjusting frame, extensible canopy, hydraulically powered Cutting tool, telescopic oil cylinder, adjust high cylinder; Described Telescopic height-adjusting frame support body afterbody to be rotated in rotating part by pin hinges to be heightened on upper hinged seat on front side of support body; Adjust high cylinder one end is articulated with under the heightening that rotating part rotates on front side of support body on hinged seat, and the described adjust high cylinder other end is articulated with the hinged ear place of Telescopic height-adjusting frame front part sides; Be provided with slideway in described Telescopic height-adjusting frame, extensible canopy is inserted in Telescopic height-adjusting frame; Described telescopic oil cylinder is arranged between Telescopic height-adjusting frame and extensible canopy;
Described hydraulically powered Cutting tool comprises bite and bite tumbler; Described bite tumbler comprises rolling disc, turning cylinder, bearing, bearing gland, joint ring, bearing holder (housing, cover), baffle ring, linkage, hydraulic motor, outer sleeve and wear-resistant sleeve; Described rolling disc is contained in turning cylinder front portion, and turning cylinder is loaded onto bearing and is arranged in bearing holder (housing, cover), is fixed by bearing by bearing gland; Its turning cylinder is connected by linkage and hydraulic motor, and linkage is fixedly connected with bearing holder (housing, cover) bolt; Described bearing holder (housing, cover) bolt is fixedly connected with outer sleeve; Described wear-resistant sleeve is contained in outside outer sleeve; Described joint ring is contained between bearing gland and turning cylinder, and between the baffle ring be contained in bearing holder (housing, cover) and turning cylinder; Rolling disc installs bite.
Described hydraulic drilling rig device has two, fixedly mounts comprehensive mechanized rock roadway tunneling machine respectively and to stretch the Telescopic height-adjusting frame both sides of cutting units;
Described hydraulic drilling rig device comprises hydraulic drill rig, cursor, sliding seat, slide rail, oil cylinder, horizontal rotating shaft and horizontally rotates hydraulic motor, vertically rotating shaft and vertical rotational hydraulic motor, horizontal swivel base, vertically swivel base; Described hydraulic drill rig is loaded among cursor, cursor inside is provided with slide rail, sliding seat is arranged in slide rail, rig afterbody and sliding seat hinged, described oil cylinder one end is hinged on the ear place that to be fixedly hinged inside cursor, the other end is hinged on sliding seat, slides on slide rail by controlling the flexible rig that drives of oil cylinder; Described cursor end is connected with vertical rotating shaft, and vertical rotating shaft and vertical rotational hydraulic motor are arranged in vertical swivel base; Drive cursor to rotate in perpendicular by controlling vertical rotation motor, the portion of pinching holes; Described vertical swivel base is connected with horizontal rotating shaft, horizontal rotating shaft with horizontally rotate hydraulic motor and be arranged in horizontal swivel base, drive cursor to rotate in horizontal plane by level of control rotation motor, beat portion of side and hole; Described horizontal swivel base is fixed on comprehensive mechanized rock roadway tunneling machine group and stretches the Telescopic height-adjusting frame both sides of cutting units.
Described advance support portion comprise be fixedly mounted on cutting units top on the supporting holder of front side, supporting outer sleeve, outer sleeve pin, supporting support cylinder seat, supporting support cylinder, back timber pin, supporting inner sleeve, supporting telescopic oil cylinder and support top beam; Described supporting outer sleeve and supporting holder pass through together with outer sleeve pin hinges; Described supporting support cylinder seat is fixedly mounted on the rear side on the top of cutting units, and supporting support cylinder one end is hinged on supporting support cylinder seat, and the other end is hinged on supporting outer sleeve; Be provided with slideway inside described supporting outer sleeve, supporting inner sleeve slides in supporting outer sleeve; Described supporting telescopic oil cylinder one end is hinged on supporting outer sleeve, and the other end is hinged on supporting inner sleeve; Described support top beam passes through back timber pin hinges at supporting inner sleeve end; Described supporting support cylinder is erect by controlling the flexible supporting outer sleeve that can regulate or is folded flat; Described supporting telescopic oil cylinder can regulate supporting inner sleeve to slide in supporting outer sleeve by controlling to stretch.
Described collateral support part, by four groups, front and back supporting mechanism, comprises side support arm, temporary lining supporting plate, support cylinder composition respectively; Described side support arm is fixed in frame, and support cylinder is hinged between side support arm and temporary lining supporting plate, and being stretched by support cylinder controls temporary lining pallet support at roadway's sides.
Described roof and floor bracing or strutting arrangement comprises backplanes support assembly, roof and floor associating supporting component;
Described backplanes support assembly is positioned at comprehensive mechanized rock roadway tunneling machine unit afterbody, from middle symmetrical each one group of unit, props up armlet, lower support oil cylinder forms by base plate; Described backplanes support arm bearing pin is hinged on the holder of frame respectively, and lower support oil cylinder one end bearing pin is loaded in the middle part of backplanes support arm, and the other end and frame are fixedly hinged seat hinge;
Described roof and floor associating supporting component is also arranged on unit tail position, lays respectively at outside backplanes support assembly two; Be made up of combined supporting arm outer sleeve, combined supporting arm inner sleeve, rotary oil cylinder, top board temporary lining supporting plate, base plate temporary lining supporting plate, main support cylinder; Rotary oil cylinder one end is hinged on combined supporting arm outer sleeve hinged seat, and the other end is hinged on frame and is fixedly hinged on seat; Main support cylinder one end is hinged on combined supporting arm inner sleeve, and the other end is hinged on lower combined supporting arm inner sleeve;
Described top board temporary lining supporting plate hinge is at upper combined supporting arm inner sleeve top, and base plate temporary lining supporting plate hinge is bottom lower combined supporting arm inner sleeve.
A kind of comprehensive mechanized rock roadway tunneling machine group of the present invention compared with prior art, has outstanding substantive distinguishing features and significant beneficial effect is:
1, solve the difficult problem that Polodyakonov coefficient is greater than the rock gangway mechanical drivage of more than 8, fill up the blank that domestic Polodyakonov coefficient is greater than more than 8 rock lane comprehensive mechanization outfits;
2, the comprehensive mechanical equalization of stone drifting is achieved: adopt comprehensive mechanized rock roadway tunneling machine, changing original rock of blowing out brokenly is mechanical rock breaking; Adopt airborne hydraulic rig to carry out anchor bar anchor cable supporting, reduce the labour intensity of workman, ensure that the construction quality of anchor shaft anchor cable simultaneously.Broken rock, muck, Yun Yan, supporting all achieve mechanization, mechanical rate 100%;
3, strong adaptability: be 1. applicable to large, medium and small type mine; 2. be applicable to large and small section, maximumly reach 36 ㎡; 3. 0 ~ 20 ° of gradient exploitation is applicable to;
4, coal, rock gangway road are exploited general: when tunnel is soft rock or the coal road of Polodyakonov coefficient less than 8, coal mine tunneling machine can be adopted to carry out swinging and cutting form; When tunnel is the hard rock of Polodyakonov coefficient more than 8, pushing tow, swing and cutting form can be adopted.This unit is specially adapted to tomography and constructs more mine development end, greatly can improve drivage efficiency;
5, speed of application is fast: newly-increased revolve portion and flexible cutting units can be opened up section 36 ㎡ tunnel, decreases unit and moves number of times, need not repeatedly carry out moving back machine, the operation of falling machine; Employing cutterhead cuts, and spoil block rate is little, does not need to carry out crushing operation.Save a large amount of non-cutting times, efficiency promotes at double;
6, efficiency is high: adopt comprehensive mechanized rock roadway tunneling machine, and the list water inlet that greatly can improve rock gangway is flat, is more than 3 times of rock-gangway bomb-dug level;
7, safety factor is high: have reliable advanced stand device, can controlroof effectively, prevents the generation of all kinds of roof accident, achieves safety in production;
8, operating environment obviously improves: adopt comprehensive mechanized rock roadway tunneling machine Cutting tool rig to cut rock mass, effectively reduce the generation of dust, when adopting the perforating of hydraulic anchor rod anchor cable drill carriage, supporting, workman can avoid operation under the mal-condition having dust and trickle harm, effectively improve workman's operating environment, reduce worker's anthraco-silicosis and rheumatismal generation;
Support when 9, adopting top to help, add the stability of flexible cutting units pushing tow cut, also increase gradient adaptive capacity.
In a word, the present invention, by Improvement and perfection comprehensive mechanized rock roadway tunneling machine group, makes structure design more reasonable and compact, improves the performances such as the operating efficiency of this unit, stability, reliability and safety.For coal mine down-hole rock tunnel tunnels the comprehensive mechanization construction equipment provided, be adapted to rock gangway do mechanization operation and the construction of various big or middle and small-size coal mine down-hole especially.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the front view of a kind of comprehensive mechanized rock roadway tunneling machine group of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the top view of a kind of comprehensive mechanized rock roadway tunneling machine group of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is rotating part structural front view.
Fig. 4 is rotating part structure top view.
Fig. 5 stretches the front view of cutting units.
Fig. 6 stretches the top view of cutting units.
Fig. 7 is the front view of bite.
Fig. 8 is the top view of bite.
Fig. 9 is the sectional view of bite.
Figure 10 is the structural front view of hydraulic drilling rig device.
Figure 11 is the structure top view of hydraulic drilling rig device.
Figure 12 is the structural perspective of hydraulic drilling rig device.
Figure 13 is the structural front view of advanced stand device.
Figure 14 is the structure top view of advanced stand device.
Figure 15 is the expanded view of advanced stand device.
Figure 16 is supported on both sides apparatus structure front view.
Figure 17 is supported on both sides apparatus structure lateral view.
Figure 18 is supported on both sides apparatus structure top view.
Figure 19 is the structure chart of backplanes support assembly.
Figure 20 is the structure chart of roof and floor associating supporting component.
Detailed description of the invention
The specific embodiment of the present invention detailed description is carried out below in conjunction with accompanying drawing:
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, a kind of comprehensive mechanized rock roadway tunneling machine group of the present invention, it is the type filling three topping machanisms in this unit front portion.
This comprehensive mechanized rock roadway tunneling machine group, comprises shovel board portion 1, crawler travel portion 2, frame 3, rotating part 4, belt-conveying portion 5, flexible cutting units 6, hydraulic drilling rig device 7, advanced stand device 8, supported on both sides device 9, roof and floor bracing or strutting arrangement 10, hydraulic control system 11 and electrical control system 12; Described shovel board portion 1 is positioned at whole unit below foremost, and crawler travel portion 2 is arranged on immediately below unit, and frame 3 is installed on crawler travel portion 2, for supporting other all parts of whole unit; Rotating part 4 is installed in frame 3, near middle top; Belt-conveying portion 5 is made up of rake pawl 51, belt conveyer 52, and on the front that its rake pawl 51 is contained in described crawler travel portion 2 and shovel board portion 1, belt conveyer 52 is arranged on the rear in shovel board portion 1 and the centre in crawler travel portion 2; Flexible cutting units 6 is installed on directly over shovel board portion 1, by pin and rotating part 4 hinged; Hydraulic drilling rig device 7 is fixedly mounted on the two sides of flexible cutting units 6, and every side comprises one group of anchor bar anchor cable rig 71; Supported on both sides device 9 is positioned at middle part and the rear portion of frame; Roof and floor bracing or strutting arrangement 10 is positioned at drive end unit, and hydraulic control system 11 and electrical control system 12 lay respectively at the left and right sides of frame 3.
Described shovel board portion 1 is made up of shovel board 11, lift cylinder 12, and shovel board 11 is hinged ear 14 under being hinged on frame front by pin 13, and lift cylinder 12 one end is hinged on hinged ear 16 on frame front by pin 15, and the other end is hinged in shovel board by pin 17.Stretched by control lift cylinder and mention and put down shovel board.
Described crawler travel portion 2 is hydraulic motor, reducer drives crawler travel.
Described frame 3 is the whole bearing part of unit, and shovel board portion, crawler travel portion, rotating part, belt-conveying portion, supported on both sides device, roof and floor bracing or strutting arrangement, hydraulic control system and electrical control system are arranged on each orientation of frame respectively.
As shown in Figure 3 and Figure 4, described rotating part 4 is made up of bearing support 41, bearing 42, rotation support body 43, rotary oil cylinder 44.Bearing support, bearing are fixedly mounted on upper rack, and rotating support body can rotate around bearing support.Rotary oil cylinder one end is articulated with in frame base 46 by pin 45, and the other end is articulated with by pin 47 and rotates on the hinged ear 48 of support body.Rotate by controlling rotary oil cylinder extension and contraction control support body to do 40 ° in horizontal plane rotation around bearing support, thus drive the cutting units that stretches to carry out cut to the drift section of 2.7 ~ 6 meters wide.
As shown in Figure 5 and Figure 6, described flexible cutting units 6 comprises expansion bracket 61, extensible canopy 62, hydraulically powered Cutting tool device 63, telescopic oil cylinder 64, adjust high cylinder 65.Described expansion bracket 61 support body afterbody is articulated with rotating part by pin 66 and rotates heightening on upper hinged seat 67 on front side of support body 43.Adjust high cylinder one end is articulated with under the heightening that rotating part rotates on front side of support body on hinged seat 68, and the adjust high cylinder other end is articulated with hinged ear 69 place of Telescopic height-adjusting frame front part sides.Be provided with slideway in Telescopic height-adjusting frame, extensible canopy is inserted in Telescopic height-adjusting frame, and described telescopic oil cylinder is arranged between Telescopic height-adjusting frame and extensible canopy.In perpendicular, carry out 55 ° of scopes rotations by control adjust high cylinder and the flexible common Cutting tool that drives of telescopic oil cylinder, cut is carried out to less than 0.8 ~ 6 meter tunnel.
As shown in Fig. 5,6,7,8,9, described hydraulically powered Cutting tool 63 comprises bite 631 and bite tumbler 632; Described bite tumbler comprises rolling disc 633, turning cylinder 634, bearing 635, bearing gland 636, joint ring 637, bearing holder (housing, cover) 638, baffle ring 639, linkage 640, hydraulic motor 641, outer sleeve 642 and wear-resistant sleeve 643; Described rolling disc is contained in turning cylinder front portion, and turning cylinder is loaded onto bearing and is arranged in bearing holder (housing, cover), is fixed by bearing by bearing gland; Its turning cylinder is connected by linkage and hydraulic motor, and linkage is fixedly connected with bearing holder (housing, cover) bolt; Described bearing holder (housing, cover) bolt is fixedly connected with outer sleeve; Described wear-resistant sleeve is contained in outside outer sleeve; Described joint ring is contained between bearing gland and turning cylinder, and between the baffle ring be contained in bearing holder (housing, cover) and turning cylinder; Rolling disc installs bite.
As shown in Fig. 7,8,9, described bite 631 comprises cutting disc 644, conical hob, conical hob axle 645, cutter bearing and hobboing cutter axle bed 646; Described cutting disc fills hobboing cutter axle bed, conical hob axle and cutter bearing in conical hob, cutter shaft is contained in hobboing cutter axle bed.
Described bite uses in groups, and the conical hob often organizing bite has four, every platform comprehensive mechanization rock gangway combination bite; Wherein: have a single hobboing cutter axle bed sharp cone distal hobboing cutter in four described conical hobs, have a single cutter shaft seat stand conical hob, and two thread hob axle bed platform conical hobs; Described single hobboing cutter axle bed sharp cone distal hobboing cutter is contained on the first cut surface; Single cutter shaft seat stand conical hob is on the second cut surface; Two thread hob axle bed platform conical hobs are contained in respectively on the 3rd or the 4th cut surface, and described single hobboing cutter axle bed sharp cone distal hobboing cutter and single cutter shaft seat stand conical hob are arranged symmetrically with on cutting disc, and two thread hob axle bed platform conical hobs are being arranged symmetrically with too on cutting disc.
As shown in Figure 10,11,12, described hydraulic drilling rig device is anchor bar anchor cable rig, has two, fixedly mounts comprehensive mechanized rock roadway tunneling machine respectively and to stretch the Telescopic height-adjusting frame both sides of cutting units.Mainly comprise hydraulic drill rig 71, cursor 72, sliding seat 73, slide rail 74, oil cylinder 75, horizontal rotating shaft and horizontally rotate hydraulic motor 76, vertically rotating shaft and vertical rotational hydraulic motor 77, horizontal swivel base 78, vertically swivel base 79; Described hydraulic drill rig is loaded among cursor, cursor inside is provided with slide rail, sliding seat is arranged in slide rail, rig afterbody and sliding seat hinged, described oil cylinder one end is hinged on the ear place that to be fixedly hinged inside cursor, the other end is hinged on sliding seat, slides on slide rail by controlling the flexible rig that drives of oil cylinder.Described cursor end is connected with vertical rotating shaft, and vertical rotating shaft and vertical rotational hydraulic motor are arranged in vertical swivel base, and drive cursor to rotate in perpendicular by controlling vertical rotation motor, the portion of pinching holes; Described vertical swivel base is connected with horizontal rotating shaft, horizontal rotating shaft with horizontally rotate hydraulic motor and be arranged in horizontal swivel base, drive cursor to rotate in horizontal plane by level of control rotation motor, beat portion of side and hole; Described horizontal swivel base is fixed on comprehensive mechanized rock roadway tunneling machine and stretches the Telescopic height-adjusting frame both sides of cutting units.
As shown in Figure 13,14,15, described advance support portion comprise be fixedly mounted on cutting units top on the supporting holder 81 of front side, supporting outer sleeve 82, outer sleeve pin 83, supporting support cylinder seat 84, supporting support cylinder 85, back timber pin 86, supporting inner sleeve 87, supporting telescopic oil cylinder 88 and support top beam 89; It is hinged that described supporting outer sleeve and supporting holder pass through outer sleeve pin 83; Described supporting support cylinder seat is fixedly mounted on the rear side on the top of cutting units, and supporting support cylinder one end is hinged on supporting support cylinder seat, and the other end is hinged on supporting outer sleeve; Be provided with slideway inside described supporting outer sleeve, supporting inner sleeve slides in supporting outer sleeve; Described supporting telescopic oil cylinder one end is hinged on supporting outer sleeve, and the other end is hinged on supporting inner sleeve; Described support top beam is hinged on supporting inner sleeve end by back timber pin 86; Described supporting support cylinder is erect by controlling the flexible supporting outer sleeve that can regulate or is folded flat; Described supporting telescopic oil cylinder can regulate supporting inner sleeve to slide in supporting outer sleeve by controlling to stretch.Described support top beam is overall structure, and whole plane is convenient to and top plate contact, and carries out supporting to top board under the acting in conjunction of support cylinder and supporting telescopic oil cylinder.
As shown in Figure 16,17,18, described collateral support part 9, by four groups, front and back supporting mechanism, comprises side support arm 91, temporary lining supporting plate 92, support cylinder composition 93 respectively.Described side support arm is fixed in frame, and support cylinder is hinged between side support arm and temporary lining supporting plate, and being stretched by support cylinder controls temporary lining pallet support at roadway's sides.
As illustrated in figures 19 and 20, described roof and floor bracing or strutting arrangement 10, comprises backplanes support assembly 101, roof and floor associating supporting component 102.
Described backplanes support assembly is positioned at the afterbody of comprehensive mechanized rock roadway tunneling machine group, from middle symmetrical each one group of unit, props up armlet 103, lower support oil cylinder 104 by base plate.It is characterized in that: described backplanes support arm bearing pin 105 is hinged on the holder of frame respectively, lower support oil cylinder one end bearing pin is loaded in the middle part of backplanes support arm, and the other end and frame are fixedly hinged seat hinge.
Described roof and floor associating supporting component is also arranged on unit tail position, lays respectively at outside backplanes support assembly two.113 are formed by combined supporting arm outer sleeve 108, combined supporting arm inner sleeve 109, rotary oil cylinder 110, top board temporary lining supporting plate 111, base plate temporary lining supporting plate 112, main support cylinder.Rotary oil cylinder one end is hinged on combined supporting arm outer sleeve hinged seat, and the other end is hinged on frame and is fixedly hinged on seat.Main support cylinder one end is hinged on combined supporting arm inner sleeve, and the other end is hinged on lower combined supporting arm inner sleeve.
Described top board temporary lining supporting plate hinge is at upper combined supporting arm inner sleeve top, and base plate temporary lining supporting plate hinge is bottom lower combined supporting arm inner sleeve.Described combined supporting arm outer sleeve and unit hinged seat hinged, by control rotary oil cylinder can rotate to horizontal level around bearing pin, be convenient to transport.

Claims (2)

1. a comprehensive mechanized rock roadway tunneling machine group, comprises shovel board portion, crawler travel portion, frame, belt-conveying portion, flexible cutting units, hydraulic drilling rig device, advanced stand device, hydraulic control system and electrical control system; It is characterized in that: also comprise rotating part, supported on both sides device and roof and floor bracing or strutting arrangement; Described flexible cutting units is installed on directly over shovel board portion, by pin and rotating part hinged; Described hydraulic drilling rig device is fixedly mounted on the two sides of flexible cutting units, and every side comprises one group of hydraulic drilling rig device; Described supported on both sides device is positioned at middle part and the rear portion of frame; Rear support portion is positioned at drive end unit; Described rotating part is made up of bearing support, bearing, rotation support body, rotary oil cylinder; Described bearing support, bearing are fixedly mounted on upper rack, and rotating support body can rotate around bearing support; Rotary oil cylinder one end by pin hinges in frame base, the other end by pin hinges on rotation support body hinged ear; Wherein: described advance support portion comprise be fixedly mounted on cutting units top on the supporting holder of front side, supporting outer sleeve, outer sleeve pin, supporting support cylinder seat, supporting support cylinder, back timber pin, supporting inner sleeve, supporting telescopic oil cylinder and support top beam; Described supporting outer sleeve and supporting holder pass through together with outer sleeve pin hinges; Described supporting support cylinder seat is fixedly mounted on the rear side on the top of cutting units, and supporting support cylinder one end is hinged on supporting support cylinder seat, and the other end is hinged on supporting outer sleeve; Be provided with slideway inside described supporting outer sleeve, supporting inner sleeve slides in supporting outer sleeve; Described supporting telescopic oil cylinder one end is hinged on supporting outer sleeve, and the other end is hinged on supporting inner sleeve; Described support top beam passes through back timber pin hinges at supporting inner sleeve end; Described supporting support cylinder is erect by controlling the flexible supporting outer sleeve that can regulate or is folded flat; Described supporting telescopic oil cylinder can regulate supporting inner sleeve to slide in supporting outer sleeve by controlling to stretch.
2. a kind of comprehensive mechanized rock roadway tunneling machine group according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described roof and floor bracing or strutting arrangement comprises backplanes support assembly, roof and floor associating supporting component;
Described backplanes support assembly is positioned at comprehensive mechanized rock roadway tunneling machine unit afterbody, from middle symmetrical each one group of unit, props up armlet, lower support oil cylinder forms by base plate; Described backplanes support arm bearing pin is hinged on the holder of frame respectively, and lower support oil cylinder one end bearing pin is loaded in the middle part of backplanes support arm, and the other end and frame are fixedly hinged seat hinge;
Described roof and floor associating supporting component is also arranged on unit tail position, lays respectively at outside backplanes support assembly two; Be made up of combined supporting arm outer sleeve, combined supporting arm inner sleeve, rotary oil cylinder, top board temporary lining supporting plate, base plate temporary lining supporting plate, main support cylinder; Rotary oil cylinder one end is hinged on combined supporting arm outer sleeve hinged seat, and the other end is hinged on frame and is fixedly hinged on seat; Main support cylinder one end is hinged on combined supporting arm inner sleeve, and the other end is hinged on lower combined supporting arm inner sleeve;
Described top board temporary lining supporting plate hinge is at upper combined supporting arm inner sleeve top, and base plate temporary lining supporting plate hinge is bottom lower combined supporting arm inner sleeve.
CN201210199386.4A 2012-06-15 2012-06-15 Comprehensive mechanization stone drift heading machine set Active CN102704927B (en)

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