CN102704927A - Comprehensive mechanization stone drift heading machine set - Google Patents

Comprehensive mechanization stone drift heading machine set Download PDF

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CN102704927A
CN102704927A CN2012101993864A CN201210199386A CN102704927A CN 102704927 A CN102704927 A CN 102704927A CN 2012101993864 A CN2012101993864 A CN 2012101993864A CN 201210199386 A CN201210199386 A CN 201210199386A CN 102704927 A CN102704927 A CN 102704927A
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supporting
hinged
support
cylinder
bearing
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CN102704927B (en
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马晓山
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Abstract

The invention relates to a comprehensive mechanization stone drift heading machine set, which comprises a shovel plate part, a caterpillar band travelling part, a rack, a belt conveying part, a flexible cutting part, a hydraulic drilling rig device, an advance support device, a hydraulic control system and an electric control system. The comprehensive mechanization stone drift heading machine set is characterized by also comprising a rotation part, two side supporting devices and top and bottom plate supporting devices. The comprehensive mechanization stone drift heading machine set disclosed by the invention is improved and perfected to enable the structure design to be more reasonable and compact, and the performances, such as working efficiency, stability, reliability, and safety of the set, are improved. Comprehensive mechanization construction equipment is provided for mine underground stone drift heading, and is especially adaptive to the underground stone drift mechanization operation and construction of various big, medium and small mines.

Description

A kind of comprehensive mechanization stone drifting unit
Technical field
The invention belongs under the coal mine and open up equipment technical field, particularly be applicable to the comprehensive mechanization stone drifting unit of rock gangway mechanization developing operation under the large, medium and small moulded coal mine.
Background technology
Under coal mine, open up equipment technical field, the traditional handicraft mode of all kinds of mine stone driftings is mainly the big gun pick, and support pattern is anchor pole, anchor cable, joist, anchor net combination supporting.The big gun pick is the perforating of gas leg type air drill, powder charge, blows out; Blow out the spoil that falls, adopt rock rake to transport work plane again through hand breaking earlier; After the work plane spoil cleans out, use the monomer air drill to carry out the anchor shaft anchor cable supporting.Mainly there is following problem in this stone drifting job practices of blowing out:
1, the tunnelling section is little: excavated section generally about 15 ㎡, when head-room surpasses 2m, must just can carry out top-assisting anchor rod and anchor cable construction by scaffolding;
2, on-mechanical equalization: borehole construction, spoil fragmentation are manual work; The top anchor shaft anchor cable construction in supporting tunnel still adopts the monomer air drill; And assisting anchor rod and anchor cable construction adopts jackhammer, and the thrust of perforating derives from people's arm and arm, and worker's labour intensity is big.Because assisting anchor rod and anchor cable construction mainly relies on manpower, the construction quality of assisting anchor rod and anchor cable can not fundamentally be guaranteed;
3, speed of application is slow: when the construction section surpasses the 2m height, must build and remove scaffold, need great amount of time; Just must hand breaking when the spoil width surpasses 300mm, spend great amount of time, otherwise can destroy main fortune system.The integral construction advance of working cycle is low, all in 2m;
4, efficient is low: owing to perforating, broken spoil, anchor shaft anchor cable supporting are manual work, the constructor is many, causes operating efficiency low;
5, safety factor is low: the constructor is staggered operation in the high-altitude, and the job safety environment is poor.Perforating, broken spoil, anchor shaft anchor cable supporting be operation under the sky top all, exists potential safety hazard;
6, operating environment is poor: the dust when blasting fume after blowing out and whitewashing all causes constructor's PUD D easily, influences operating personnel's health.
For this reason; Many in industry scientific and technical personnel are constantly for improving the technical level of rock gangway mechanization developing operation; Improve execution conditions and construction technology and effort; Anchor bar anchor cable rig part, hydraulic pressure and the operating system that a kind of " stone drifting and supporting construction rig " comprises track unit and belt transport section, temporary lining and the broken petrosa branch of rake rock, two liftables and swing is disclosed like one Chinese patent application numbers 200820077065.6.This equipment has three pedestals that are used for fixing oil cylinder on operating platform, wherein two pedestals are used for fixing anchor bar anchor cable rig part, and a pedestal is used for fixing temporary lining and the broken petrosa branch of rake rock.The pedestal that temporary lining and the broken petrosa of rake rock divide is in the centre of operating platform, and the pedestal of the anchor bar anchor cable rig of described two liftables and swing part is in the both sides of operating platform.Though it changes into the technical equipment of cover for realizing the construction of large, medium and small rock roadway in coal mine driving borehole, top-assisting anchor rod and anchor cable construction, broken rock rake rock, detritus transportation, temporary lining machinery; Realize safety in production for large, medium and small colliery and created the most basic condition; But------line--is blown out and--is broken rock and--harrow--mucking--temporary lining--anchor bar anchor cable supporting---whitewashing of rock fortune rock in powder charge in warning because construction technology is: perforating.Still can not break away from the traditional handicraft of the rock of drilling and blasting brokenly, still can not solve complex process, the slow stone drifting difficult problem of driving progress.
For this reason; The inventor is devoted to the developmental research of colliery down-hole mechanical; Designed comprehensive mechanization stone drifting unit at present, mainly by comprise track unit, belt conveyer part, be installed in frame on the track unit, anchor bar anchor cable rig, operating desk, and hydraulic pressure with control system, at least one topping machanism and swing up and down thrust unit, temporary lining and preceding fastening devices, reach posterior fixation devices.Described transport section is to be made up of rake pawl, belt conveyer, and its rake pawl is contained on the place ahead and shovel plate of described track unit; Belt conveyer is installed in the rear of shovel plate and the centre of crawler travel portion; Described operating platform, hydraulic pressure and operating system are contained in the top of frame.But wide popularization and application not, its reason are that is that all right is ripe for product.Through the actual motion verification experimental verification, this machine mainly also existing problems have following some:
The topping machanism of comprehensive mechanization stone drifting unit with swing up and down the thrust unit part, cutting power is also lower in the stone drifting; Compliance is relatively poor in stone drifting.
2, the advanced stand device supporting height of comprehensive mechanization stone drifting unit is lower, and majority combines imperfect with development machine, and volume after folding is bigger, and relatively poor to the compliance of top board, bad adaptability when particularly top board tilts seriously.
3. comprehensive mechanization stone drifting unit its anchor bar anchor cable rig of being expert at, tunneling cutting and work progresss such as temporary lining is exposed on the frame all the time; Influence the operation of these operations; Receive rock easily and hit and damage, the structure design of anchor bar anchor cable rig and installation site are not too reasonable.
4. when comprehensive mechanization stone drifting unit is worked, concerning complete machine, only rely on this backplanes support assembly to support and stablize, its effect is not ideal, and stablizing effect is relatively poor.
For this reason, comprehensive mechanization stone drifting unit is necessary to carry out technological improvement and perfect through the actual motion verification experimental verification very much.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is exactly to solve the problem that the stone drifting construction technology exists under the above-mentioned coal mine; For further improving the mechanized construction level; Improve and improve comprehensive mechanization stone drifting unit; Make structure design more reasonable and compact, with the performances such as operating efficiency, stability, reliability and safety that improve this unit.
Technical scheme of the present invention to achieve these goals is:
A kind of comprehensive mechanization stone drifting unit comprises shovel board, crawler travel portion, frame, belt Department of Transportation, flexible cutting units, hydraulic drilling rig device, advanced stand device, hydraulic control system and electrical control system; It is characterized in that: also comprise rotating part, supported on both sides device and roof and floor bracing or strutting arrangement; Said flexible cutting units be installed on the shovel board directly over, hinged through pin and rotating part; Said hydraulic drilling rig device is fixedly mounted on the two sides of flexible cutting units, and every side comprises one group of hydraulic drilling rig device; Said side support zone is in the middle part and the rear portion of frame; Back support zone is in drive end unit; Said rotating part is made up of bearing support, bearing, rotation support body, rotary oil cylinder; Said bearing support, bearing fixing are installed in upper rack, and the rotation support body can rotate around bearing support; Rotary oil cylinder one end is articulated on the frame base through pin, and the other end is articulated on the hinged ear of rotation support body through pin.
Said flexible cutting units comprises flexible adjusting height, extensible canopy, hydraulically powered cutting cutterhead, telescopic oil cylinder, adjust high cylinder; Said flexible adjusting height support body afterbody is articulated in heightening on the hinged seat of rotating part rotation support body front side through pin; On the hinged seat, the said adjust high cylinder other end is articulated in the hinged ear place of the adjusting height front part sides of stretching to the heightening that adjust high cylinder one end is articulated in rotating part rotation support body front side down; Be provided with slideway in the said flexible adjusting height, extensible canopy is inserted in the flexible adjusting height; Said telescopic oil cylinder is installed between flexible adjusting height and the extensible canopy;
Said hydraulically powered cutting cutterhead comprises bite and bite tumbler; Said bite tumbler comprises rolling disc, turning cylinder, bearing, bearing gland, joint ring, bearing holder (housing, cover), baffle ring, linkage, hydraulic motor, outer sleeve and wear-resistant sleeve; Said rolling disc is contained in the turning cylinder front portion, and turning cylinder is loaded onto bearing and is installed in the bearing holder (housing, cover), by bearing gland bearing is fixed; Its turning cylinder is linked by linkage and hydraulic motor, and linkage is connected with bolt with bearing holder (housing, cover); Said bearing holder (housing, cover) is fixedly connected with outer sleeve with bolt; Said wear-resistant sleeve is contained in outside the outer sleeve; Said joint ring is contained between bearing gland and the turning cylinder, and is contained between the baffle ring and turning cylinder in the bearing holder (housing, cover); Bite is installed on the rolling disc.
Said hydraulic drilling rig device has two, fixedly mounts the flexible adjusting height both sides of the flexible cutting units of comprehensive mechanization stone head development machine respectively;
Said hydraulic drilling rig device comprises hydraulic drill rig, cursor, sliding seat, slide rail, oil cylinder, horizontal rotating shaft and horizontally rotates hydraulic motor, vertically rotating shaft and vertical hydraulic motor, horizontal swivel base, the vertical swivel base of rotating; Said hydraulic drill rig is loaded among the cursor; Cursor inside is provided with slide rail; Sliding seat is installed in the slide rail, and rig afterbody and sliding seat are hinged, and said oil cylinder one end is hinged on the ear place that is fixedly hinged, cursor inboard; The other end is hinged on the sliding seat, slides on slide rail through the flexible rig that drives of control oil cylinder; Terminal and the vertical rotating shaft of said cursor is connected, and vertically rotating shaft is installed in the vertical swivel base with the vertical hydraulic motor that rotates; In perpendicular, rotate the portion's of pinching boring through controlling vertical rotation motor drive cursor; Said vertical swivel base is connected with horizontal rotating shaft, horizontal rotating shaft with horizontally rotate hydraulic motor and be installed in the horizontal swivel base, drive cursor through the controlling level rotation motor and in horizontal plane, rotate, beat portion of group and hole; Said horizontal swivel base is fixed on the flexible adjusting height both sides of the flexible cutting units of comprehensive mechanization stone drifting unit.
Said advance support portion comprises supporting holder, supporting outer sleeve, outer sleeve pin, supporting support cylinder seat, supporting support cylinder, back timber pin, supporting inner sleeve, supporting telescopic oil cylinder and the supporting back timber of front side on the top that is fixedly mounted on cutting units; Said supporting outer sleeve and supporting holder are hinged through the outer sleeve pin; Said supporting support cylinder seat is fixedly mounted on the rear side on the top of cutting units, and supporting support cylinder one end is hinged on the supporting support cylinder seat, and the other end is hinged on the supporting outer sleeve; Said supporting outer sleeve inboard is provided with slideway, and the supporting inner sleeve slides in the supporting outer sleeve; Said supporting telescopic oil cylinder one end is hinged on the supporting outer sleeve, and the other end is hinged on the supporting inner sleeve; Said supporting back timber is hinged on supporting inner sleeve end through the back timber pin; Said supporting support cylinder can be regulated the setting of supporting outer sleeve or roll over flat through controlling to stretch; Said supporting telescopic oil cylinder flexible can be regulated the supporting inner sleeve and in the supporting outer sleeve, slides through controlling.
Said side support portion comprises side support arm, temporary lining supporting plate, support cylinder composition respectively by the four groups of supporting mechanisms in front and back; Said side support arm is fixed on the frame, and support cylinder is hinged between side support arm and the temporary lining supporting plate, stretches through support cylinder and controls the temporary lining supporting plate and be supported on tunnel two and help.
Said roof and floor bracing or strutting arrangement comprises backplanes support assembly, roof and floor associating supporting component;
Said backplanes support assembly is positioned at comprehensive mechanization stone head development machine unit afterbody, and bilateral symmetry is each one group from the unit centre, is propped up armlet, is played support cylinder to form by base plate; Described backplanes support arm is hinged on respectively with bearing pin on the holder of frame, and following support cylinder one end is loaded on backplanes support arm middle part with bearing pin, and it is hinged with bearing pin that the other end and frame are fixedly hinged;
Said roof and floor associating supporting component also is installed in unit tail position, lays respectively at backplanes support assembly two outsides; Form by combined supporting arm outer sleeve, combined supporting arm inner sleeve, rotary oil cylinder, top board temporary lining supporting plate, base plate temporary lining supporting plate, main support cylinder; Rotary oil cylinder one end is hinged on the combined supporting arm outer sleeve hinged seat, and the other end is hinged on frame and is fixedly hinged on the seat; Main support cylinder one end is hinged on the combined supporting arm inner sleeve, and the other end is hinged on down combined supporting arm inner sleeve;
Said top board temporary lining supporting plate is hinged on combined supporting arm inner sleeve top with bearing pin, and base plate temporary lining supporting plate is hinged on down combined supporting arm inner sleeve bottom with bearing pin.
A kind of comprehensive mechanization stone drifting of the present invention unit has outstanding substantive distinguishing features with significant beneficial effect to be compared with prior art:
1, solved the difficult problem of Polodyakonov coefficient, filled up the blank of domestic Polodyakonov coefficient greater than 8 above rock lane comprehensive mechanization outfits greater than the driving of the rock gangway mechanization more than 8;
2, realized the comprehensive mechanical equalization of stone drifting: adopt the comprehensive mechanization stone head development machine, changing the original rock of blowing out brokenly is mechanical rock breaking; Adopt the airborne hydraulic rig to carry out the anchor bar anchor cable supporting, reduced working strength of workers, guaranteed the construction quality of anchor shaft anchor cable simultaneously.Broken rock, muck, Yun Yan, supporting have all realized mechanization, mechanization rate 100%;
3, compliance is strong: 1. be applicable to large, medium and small type mine; 2. be applicable to large and small section, maximum can reach 36 ㎡; 3. be applicable to 0~20 ° of gradient exploitation;
4, the exploitation of coal, rock gangway road is general: when the tunnel is soft rock or the coal road of Polodyakonov coefficient below 8, can adopt coal mine tunneling machine to swing and the cut mode; When the tunnel is the hard rock of Polodyakonov coefficient more than 8, can adopt pushing tow, swing and cut mode.This unit is specially adapted to tomography and constructs more mine development end, can greatly improve drivage efficiency;
5, speed of application is fast: newly-increased revolve portion and flexible cutting units can be opened up section 36 ㎡ tunnels, reduced unit and moved number of times, need not move back machine, the operation of falling the machine repeatedly; The cutting of employing cutterhead, spoil piece rate is little, need not carry out crushing operation.Saved a large amount of non-cutting times, efficient promotes at double;
6, efficient is high: adopt the comprehensive mechanization stone head development machine, single water inlet that can greatly improve rock gangway is flat, is more than 3 times of rock gangway big gun pick level;
7, safety factor is high: have reliable advanced stand device, can control top board effectively, prevent the generation of all kinds of roof accidents, realized safety in production;
8, operating environment obviously improves: adopt comprehensive mechanization stone head development machine cutting cutterhead rig cutting rock mass; Reduced the generation of dust effectively; When adopting the perforating of hydraulic anchor anchor cable drill carriage, supporting; The workman can avoid operation under the mal-condition that the harm of dust and trickle is arranged, and has effectively improved workman's operating environment, reduces worker's anthraco-silicosis and rheumatismal generation;
Support when 9, adopting the top to help, increased the stability of flexible cutting units pushing tow cut, also increase gradient adaptive capacity.
In a word, the present invention makes structure design more reasonable and compact through improving and improving comprehensive mechanization stone drifting unit, has improved the performances such as operating efficiency, stability, reliability and safety of this unit.Be the comprehensive mechanization construction equipment that stone drifting under the coal mine provides, be adapted to the rock gangway mechanized and the construction of various big or middle and small-size coal mine down-holes especially.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the front view of a kind of comprehensive mechanization stone drifting of the present invention unit.
Fig. 2 is the vertical view of a kind of comprehensive mechanization stone drifting of the present invention unit.
Fig. 3 is the rotating part structural front view.
Fig. 4 is a rotating part structure vertical view.
The front view of the flexible cutting units of Fig. 5.
The vertical view of the flexible cutting units of Fig. 6.
Fig. 7 is the front view of bite.
Fig. 8 is the vertical view of bite.
Fig. 9 is the sectional view of bite.
Figure 10 is the structural front view of hydraulic drilling rig device.
Figure 11 is the structure vertical view of hydraulic drilling rig device.
Figure 12 is the structural perspective of hydraulic drilling rig device.
Figure 13 is the structural front view of advanced stand device.
Figure 14 is the structure vertical view of advanced stand device.
Figure 15 is the expanded view of advanced stand device.
Figure 16 is a supported on both sides apparatus structure front view.
Figure 17 is a supported on both sides apparatus structure lateral view.
Figure 18 is a supported on both sides apparatus structure vertical view.
Figure 19 is the structure chart of backplanes support assembly.
Figure 20 is the structure chart of roof and floor associating supporting component.
The specific embodiment
Carrying out the specific embodiment of the present invention below in conjunction with accompanying drawing specifies:
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, a kind of comprehensive mechanization stone drifting of the present invention unit, it is a type of adorning three topping machanisms in this unit front portion.
This comprehensive mechanization stone drifting unit comprises shovel board 1, crawler travel portion 2, frame 3, rotating part 4, belt Department of Transportation 5, flexible cutting units 6, hydraulic drilling rig device 7, advanced stand device 8, supported on both sides device 9, roof and floor bracing or strutting arrangement 10, hydraulic control system 11 and electrical control system 12; Said shovel board 1 is positioned at whole unit below foremost, crawler travel portion 2 be installed in unit under, frame 3 is installed on the crawler travel portion 2, is used to support other each parts of whole unit; Rotating part 4 is installed on the frame 3, near the top of centre; Belt Department of Transportation 5 is made up of rake pawl 51, belt conveyer 52, and its rake pawl 51 is contained on the place ahead and shovel board 1 of described crawler travel portion 2, and belt conveyer 52 is installed in the rear of shovel board 1 and the centre of crawler travel portion 2; Flexible cutting units 6 be installed on shovel board 1 directly over, hinged through pin and rotating part 4; Hydraulic drilling rig device 7 is fixedly mounted on the two sides of flexible cutting units 6, and every side comprises one group of anchor bar anchor cable rig 71; Supported on both sides device 9 is positioned at the middle part and the rear portion of frame; Roof and floor bracing or strutting arrangement 10 is positioned at drive end unit, and hydraulic control system 11 and electrical control system 12 lay respectively at the left and right sides of frame 3.
Said shovel board 1 is made up of shovel plate 11, lift cylinder 12, and shovel plate 11 is hinged on hinged ear 14 under the frame front through pin 13, and lift cylinder 12 1 ends are hinged on hinged ear 16 on the frame front through pin 15, and the other end is hinged on the shovel plate through pin 17.Stretch through the control lift cylinder and to mention and put down the shovel plate.
Said crawler travel portion 2 is hydraulic motor, the walking of reducer driven caterpillar tracks.
Said frame 3 is the whole bearing part of unit, and shovel board, crawler travel portion, rotating part, belt Department of Transportation, supported on both sides device, roof and floor bracing or strutting arrangement, hydraulic control system and electrical control system are installed in each orientation of frame respectively.
Like Fig. 3 and shown in Figure 4, said rotating part 4 is made up of bearing support 41, bearing 42, rotation support body 43, rotary oil cylinder 44.Bearing support, bearing fixing are installed in upper rack, and the rotation support body can rotate around bearing support.Rotary oil cylinder one end is articulated on the frame base 46 through pin 45, and the other end is articulated on the hinged ear 48 of rotation support body through pin 47.In horizontal plane, do 40 ° rotation through control rotary oil cylinder extension and contraction control rotation support body around bearing support, 2.7~6 meters wide drift sections are carried out cut thereby drive flexible cutting units.
Like Fig. 5 and shown in Figure 6, said flexible cutting units 6 comprises expansion bracket 61, extensible canopy 62, hydraulically powered cutting cutter head 63, telescopic oil cylinder 64, adjust high cylinder 65.Said expansion bracket 61 support body afterbodys are articulated in heightening on the hinged seat 67 of rotating part rotation support body 43 front sides through pin 66.On the hinged seat 68, the adjust high cylinder other end is articulated in hinged ear 69 places of the adjusting height front part sides of stretching to the heightening that adjust high cylinder one end is articulated in rotating part rotation support body front side down.Be provided with slideway in the flexible adjusting height, extensible canopy is inserted in the flexible adjusting height, and said telescopic oil cylinder is installed between flexible adjusting height and the extensible canopy.In perpendicular, carry out 55 ° of scopes through control adjust high cylinder and the flexible common drive cutting cutterhead of telescopic oil cylinder and rotate, cut is carried out in tunnel below 0.8~6 meter.
Like Fig. 5,6,7,8, shown in 9, described hydraulically powered cutting cutterhead 63 comprises bite 631 and bite tumbler 632; Described bite tumbler comprises rolling disc 633, turning cylinder 634, bearing 635, bearing gland 636, joint ring 637, bearing holder (housing, cover) 638, baffle ring 639, linkage 640, hydraulic motor 641, outer sleeve 642 and wear-resistant sleeve 643; Described rolling disc is contained in the turning cylinder front portion, and turning cylinder is loaded onto bearing and is installed in the bearing holder (housing, cover), by bearing gland bearing is fixed; Its turning cylinder is linked by linkage and hydraulic motor, and linkage is connected with bolt with bearing holder (housing, cover); Described bearing holder (housing, cover) is fixedly connected with outer sleeve with bolt; Described wear-resistant sleeve is contained in outside the outer sleeve; Described joint ring is contained between bearing gland and the turning cylinder, and is contained between the baffle ring and turning cylinder in the bearing holder (housing, cover); Bite is installed on the rolling disc.
Like Fig. 7,8, shown in 9, described bite 631 comprises cutting disc 644, conical hob, conical hob axle 645, cutter bearing and hobboing cutter axle bed 646; Dress hobboing cutter axle bed on the described cutting disc, conical hob axle and cutter bearing in the conical hob, cutter shaft is contained in the hobboing cutter axle bed.
Described bite uses in groups, and the conical hob of every group of bite has four, every comprehensive mechanization rock gangway combination bite; Wherein: a single hobboing cutter axle bed sharp cone distal hobboing cutter is arranged in described four conical hobs, a single cutter shaft seat stand conical hob is arranged, and two thread hob axle bed platform conical hobs; Described single hobboing cutter axle bed sharp cone distal hobboing cutter is contained on first cut surface; Single cutter shaft seat stand conical hob is on second cut surface; Two thread hob axle bed platform conical hobs are contained in respectively on the 3rd or the 4th cut surface; And described single hobboing cutter axle bed sharp cone distal hobboing cutter and single cutter shaft seat stand conical hob symmetric arrangement on cutting disc, and two thread hob axle bed platform conical hobs are in symmetric arrangement too on cutting disc.
Like Figure 10,11, shown in 12, said hydraulic drilling rig device is the anchor bar anchor cable rig, has two, fixedly mounts the flexible adjusting height both sides of the flexible cutting units of comprehensive mechanization stone head development machine respectively.Mainly comprise hydraulic drill rig 71, cursor 72, sliding seat 73, slide rail 74, oil cylinder 75, horizontal rotating shaft and horizontally rotate hydraulic motor 76, vertically rotating shaft and vertical hydraulic motor 77, horizontal swivel base 78, the vertical swivel base 79 of rotating; Said hydraulic drill rig is loaded among the cursor; Cursor inside is provided with slide rail; Sliding seat is installed in the slide rail, and rig afterbody and sliding seat are hinged, and said oil cylinder one end is hinged on the ear place that is fixedly hinged, cursor inboard; The other end is hinged on the sliding seat, slides on slide rail through the flexible rig that drives of control oil cylinder.Terminal and the vertical rotating shaft of said cursor is connected, and vertically rotating shaft is installed in the vertical swivel base with vertically rotating hydraulic motor, in perpendicular, rotates the portion's of pinching boring through controlling vertical rotation motor drive cursor; Said vertical swivel base is connected with horizontal rotating shaft, horizontal rotating shaft with horizontally rotate hydraulic motor and be installed in the horizontal swivel base, drive cursor through the controlling level rotation motor and in horizontal plane, rotate, beat portion of group and hole; Said horizontal swivel base is fixed on the flexible adjusting height both sides of the flexible cutting units of comprehensive mechanization stone head development machine.
Like Figure 13,14, shown in 15, said advance support portion comprises supporting holder 81, supporting outer sleeve 82, outer sleeve pin 83, supporting support cylinder seat 84, supporting support cylinder 85, back timber pin 86, supporting inner sleeve 87, supporting telescopic oil cylinder 88 and the supporting back timber 89 of front side on the top that is fixedly mounted on cutting units; Said supporting outer sleeve and supporting holder are hinged through outer sleeve pin 83; Said supporting support cylinder seat is fixedly mounted on the rear side on the top of cutting units, and supporting support cylinder one end is hinged on the supporting support cylinder seat, and the other end is hinged on the supporting outer sleeve; Said supporting outer sleeve inboard is provided with slideway, and the supporting inner sleeve slides in the supporting outer sleeve; Said supporting telescopic oil cylinder one end is hinged on the supporting outer sleeve, and the other end is hinged on the supporting inner sleeve; Said supporting back timber is hinged on supporting inner sleeve end through back timber pin 86; Said supporting support cylinder can be regulated the setting of supporting outer sleeve or roll over flat through controlling to stretch; Said supporting telescopic oil cylinder flexible can be regulated the supporting inner sleeve and in the supporting outer sleeve, slides through controlling.Said supporting back timber is an overall structure, and whole plane is convenient to contact with top board, and under the acting in conjunction of support cylinder and supporting telescopic oil cylinder, top board is carried out supporting.
Like Figure 16,17, shown in 18, said side support portion 9 comprises side support arm 91, temporary lining supporting plate 92, support cylinder composition 93 respectively by the four groups of supporting mechanisms in front and back.Said side support arm is fixed on the frame, and support cylinder is hinged between side support arm and the temporary lining supporting plate, stretches through support cylinder and controls the temporary lining supporting plate and be supported on tunnel two and help.
Like Figure 19 and shown in Figure 20, said roof and floor bracing or strutting arrangement 10 comprises backplanes support assembly 101, roof and floor associating supporting component 102.
Said backplanes support assembly is positioned at the afterbody of comprehensive mechanization stone drifting unit, from each one group of the middle bilateral symmetry of unit, props up armlet 103, following support cylinder 104 by base plate.It is characterized in that: described backplanes support arm is hinged on respectively with bearing pin 105 on the holder of frame, and following support cylinder one end is loaded on backplanes support arm middle part with bearing pin, and it is hinged with bearing pin that the other end and frame are fixedly hinged.
Said roof and floor associating supporting component also is installed in unit tail position, lays respectively at backplanes support assembly two outsides.Form 113 by combined supporting arm outer sleeve 108, combined supporting arm inner sleeve 109, rotary oil cylinder 110, top board temporary lining supporting plate 111, base plate temporary lining supporting plate 112, main support cylinder.Rotary oil cylinder one end is hinged on the combined supporting arm outer sleeve hinged seat, and the other end is hinged on frame and is fixedly hinged on the seat.Main support cylinder one end is hinged on the combined supporting arm inner sleeve, and the other end is hinged on down combined supporting arm inner sleeve.
Said top board temporary lining supporting plate is hinged on combined supporting arm inner sleeve top with bearing pin, and base plate temporary lining supporting plate is hinged on down combined supporting arm inner sleeve bottom with bearing pin.Said combined supporting arm outer sleeve and unit hinged seat are hinged, can rotate to horizontal level around bearing pin through the control rotary oil cylinder, are convenient to transportation.

Claims (6)

1. a comprehensive mechanization stone drifting unit comprises shovel board, crawler travel portion, frame, belt Department of Transportation, flexible cutting units, hydraulic drilling rig device, advanced stand device, hydraulic control system and electrical control system; It is characterized in that: also comprise rotating part, supported on both sides device and roof and floor bracing or strutting arrangement; Said flexible cutting units be installed on the shovel board directly over, hinged through pin and rotating part; Said hydraulic drilling rig device is fixedly mounted on the two sides of flexible cutting units, and every side comprises one group of hydraulic drilling rig device; Said side support zone is in the middle part and the rear portion of frame; Back support zone is in drive end unit; Said rotating part is made up of bearing support, bearing, rotation support body, rotary oil cylinder; Said bearing support, bearing fixing are installed in upper rack, and the rotation support body can rotate around bearing support; Rotary oil cylinder one end is articulated on the frame base through pin, and the other end is articulated on the hinged ear of rotation support body through pin.
2. a kind of comprehensive mechanization stone drifting unit according to claim 1 is characterized in that: said flexible cutting units comprises flexible adjusting height, extensible canopy, hydraulically powered cutting cutterhead, telescopic oil cylinder, adjust high cylinder; Said flexible adjusting height support body afterbody is articulated in heightening on the hinged seat of rotating part rotation support body front side through pin; On the hinged seat, the said adjust high cylinder other end is articulated in the hinged ear place of the adjusting height front part sides of stretching to the heightening that adjust high cylinder one end is articulated in rotating part rotation support body front side down; Be provided with slideway in the said flexible adjusting height, extensible canopy is inserted in the flexible adjusting height; Said telescopic oil cylinder is installed between flexible adjusting height and the extensible canopy;
Said hydraulically powered cutting cutterhead comprises bite and bite tumbler; Said bite tumbler comprises rolling disc, turning cylinder, bearing, bearing gland, joint ring, bearing holder (housing, cover), baffle ring, linkage, hydraulic motor, outer sleeve and wear-resistant sleeve; Said rolling disc is contained in the turning cylinder front portion, and turning cylinder is loaded onto bearing and is installed in the bearing holder (housing, cover), by bearing gland bearing is fixed; Its turning cylinder is linked by linkage and hydraulic motor, and linkage is connected with bolt with bearing holder (housing, cover); Said bearing holder (housing, cover) is fixedly connected with outer sleeve with bolt; Said wear-resistant sleeve is contained in outside the outer sleeve; Said joint ring is contained between bearing gland and the turning cylinder, and is contained between the baffle ring and turning cylinder in the bearing holder (housing, cover); Bite is installed on the rolling disc.
3. a kind of comprehensive mechanization stone drifting unit according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: said hydraulic drilling rig device has two, fixedly mounts the flexible adjusting height both sides of the flexible cutting units of comprehensive mechanization stone head development machine respectively;
Said hydraulic drilling rig device comprises hydraulic drill rig, cursor, sliding seat, slide rail, oil cylinder, horizontal rotating shaft and horizontally rotates hydraulic motor, vertically rotating shaft and vertical hydraulic motor, horizontal swivel base, the vertical swivel base of rotating; Said hydraulic drill rig is loaded among the cursor; Cursor inside is provided with slide rail; Sliding seat is installed in the slide rail, and rig afterbody and sliding seat are hinged, and said oil cylinder one end is hinged on the ear place that is fixedly hinged, cursor inboard; The other end is hinged on the sliding seat, slides on slide rail through the flexible rig that drives of control oil cylinder; Terminal and the vertical rotating shaft of said cursor is connected, and vertically rotating shaft is installed in the vertical swivel base with the vertical hydraulic motor that rotates; In perpendicular, rotate the portion's of pinching boring through controlling vertical rotation motor drive cursor; Said vertical swivel base is connected with horizontal rotating shaft, horizontal rotating shaft with horizontally rotate hydraulic motor and be installed in the horizontal swivel base, drive cursor through the controlling level rotation motor and in horizontal plane, rotate, beat portion of group and hole; Said horizontal swivel base is fixed on the flexible adjusting height both sides of the flexible cutting units of comprehensive mechanization stone drifting unit.
4. a kind of comprehensive mechanization stone drifting unit according to claim 1 is characterized in that: said advance support portion comprises supporting holder, supporting outer sleeve, outer sleeve pin, supporting support cylinder seat, supporting support cylinder, back timber pin, supporting inner sleeve, supporting telescopic oil cylinder and the supporting back timber of front side on the top that is fixedly mounted on cutting units; Said supporting outer sleeve and supporting holder are hinged through the outer sleeve pin; Said supporting support cylinder seat is fixedly mounted on the rear side on the top of cutting units, and supporting support cylinder one end is hinged on the supporting support cylinder seat, and the other end is hinged on the supporting outer sleeve; Said supporting outer sleeve inboard is provided with slideway, and the supporting inner sleeve slides in the supporting outer sleeve; Said supporting telescopic oil cylinder one end is hinged on the supporting outer sleeve, and the other end is hinged on the supporting inner sleeve; Said supporting back timber is hinged on supporting inner sleeve end through the back timber pin; Said supporting support cylinder can be regulated the setting of supporting outer sleeve or roll over flat through controlling to stretch; Said supporting telescopic oil cylinder flexible can be regulated the supporting inner sleeve and in the supporting outer sleeve, slides through controlling.
5. a kind of comprehensive mechanization stone drifting unit according to claim 1 is characterized in that: said side support portion comprises side support arm, temporary lining supporting plate, support cylinder composition respectively by the four groups of supporting mechanisms in front and back; Said side support arm is fixed on the frame, and support cylinder is hinged between side support arm and the temporary lining supporting plate, stretches through support cylinder and controls the temporary lining supporting plate and be supported on tunnel two and help.
6. a kind of comprehensive mechanization stone drifting unit according to claim 1 is characterized in that: said roof and floor bracing or strutting arrangement comprises backplanes support assembly, roof and floor associating supporting component;
Said backplanes support assembly is positioned at comprehensive mechanization stone head development machine unit afterbody, and bilateral symmetry is each one group from the unit centre, is propped up armlet, is played support cylinder to form by base plate; Described backplanes support arm is hinged on respectively with bearing pin on the holder of frame, and following support cylinder one end is loaded on backplanes support arm middle part with bearing pin, and it is hinged with bearing pin that the other end and frame are fixedly hinged;
Said roof and floor associating supporting component also is installed in unit tail position, lays respectively at backplanes support assembly two outsides; Form by combined supporting arm outer sleeve, combined supporting arm inner sleeve, rotary oil cylinder, top board temporary lining supporting plate, base plate temporary lining supporting plate, main support cylinder; Rotary oil cylinder one end is hinged on the combined supporting arm outer sleeve hinged seat, and the other end is hinged on frame and is fixedly hinged on the seat; Main support cylinder one end is hinged on the combined supporting arm inner sleeve, and the other end is hinged on down combined supporting arm inner sleeve;
Said top board temporary lining supporting plate is hinged on combined supporting arm inner sleeve top with bearing pin, and base plate temporary lining supporting plate is hinged on down combined supporting arm inner sleeve bottom with bearing pin.
CN201210199386.4A 2012-06-15 2012-06-15 Comprehensive mechanization stone drift heading machine set Expired - Fee Related CN102704927B (en)

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