CN204899935U - All -hydraulic entry driving machine of 6 -degree of freedom series -parallel connection formula - Google Patents

All -hydraulic entry driving machine of 6 -degree of freedom series -parallel connection formula Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204899935U
CN204899935U CN201520654914.XU CN201520654914U CN204899935U CN 204899935 U CN204899935 U CN 204899935U CN 201520654914 U CN201520654914 U CN 201520654914U CN 204899935 U CN204899935 U CN 204899935U
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China
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hinge
fuselage
cutting head
axis
universal joint
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CN201520654914.XU
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Chinese (zh)
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王成军
胡松
李英明
张超
沈豫浙
郑艳
贺鑫
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Anhui University of Science and Technology
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Anhui University of Science and Technology
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Abstract

The utility model discloses an all -hydraulic entry driving machine of 6 -degree of freedom series -parallel connection formula, including loading part, walking portion, scratch board conveyor, fuselage body, two degree of freedom revolving beds, parallel operation arm and cutting head. The loading part lies in the front end of fuselage body, and the fuselage body is installed in walking portion, the cutting head loops through the parallel operation arm, two degree of freedom revolving beds are connected with the fuselage body. Walking portion is by installing the motor drive that walks on the track frame, the scratch board conveyor is by installing the transportation that realizes the material at two transportation motor drive scraper chains of its afterbody, and the cutting head is driven by three cutting motors jointly. The utility model discloses a cutting head has independent moving in the space, three independent totally four independent motion degrees of freedom of rotating, still has two redundant rotations on the horizontal direction, has that the operation space is big, convenient advantage is adjusted to the gesture. The utility model discloses compact structure still has, control decoupling zero nature is good, adjusts, maintains characteristics such as convenient.

Description

Six degree of freedom series parallel type full-hydraulic tunneling machine
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of development machine, particularly relates to a kind of six degree of freedom series parallel type full-hydraulic tunneling machine, and the motion of totally four independent degree is rotated in one, the space translation three that simultaneously can realize at most cutting head.
Background technology
Coal in China exploitation is based on underground mining, and the raw coal output of State owned coal mine 90.72% in 2005 is from underground mining.China's condition of coal seam occurrence is complicated, presents diversity, and coal seam thickness changed to tens meters from zero point several meters, in order to cut coal, needs to dig a large amount of coal petrography tunnels.Simultaneously, along with the development of combining technology of adopting, domesticly there is the super work plane of annual output millions of tonnes, even ten-million-ton scale, made to consume stope drift active workings quantity year and increase considerably, thus tunnelling is become general character that colliery high-efficiency intensifying produces and guardian technique.Driving and back production are the important production links of coal production, and extraction technique and equipment thereof are directly connected to ability and the safety of coal production.Efficient mechanical driving and support technology ensure that mine realizes the necessary condition of high-yield and high-efficiency, is also the developing direction of tunnelling technology.Therefore, development machine as comprehensive mechanical coal mining work capital equipment, must have safety, efficiently with become the advantages such as lane quality is good.
China's coal road high efficient driving mode mainly contains three kinds: the first is boom-type roadheader and monomer jumbolter supporting operation line, also referred to as coal road comprehensive mechanized driving, in China, State owned coal mine is widely applied, and road heading machinery mostly is cantilevered coal mine tunneling machine, its wide accommodation; The second is continuous miner and roofboltier supporting operation line, and apply in the mining areas such as China Shen Dong, Wan Li and Erdos area, main road heading machinery is continuous miner, and it needs many lanes to tunnel, and coordinated transposition is constructed; The third is rock tunnelling bolting combined machine pick integration driving, only tries out in minority mining area.The coal roadway tunneling in domestic most mining area, still based on boom-type roadheader, coordinates the equipment composition comprehensive mechanized driving systems such as elevating conveyor, extensible belt conveyor (or drag conveyor), monomer jumbolter, dust removal by ventilation equipment and electric power system.
Bomm type cantileverroadheader is a kind of comprehensive extractive equipment, and integrating cutting, walking, shipment, spray for dust suppression, comprise multiple mechanism, have multi-functional, is main force's equipment of current coal mining.According to the direction of cutterhead rotating shaft and working arm, boom-type roadheader can be divided into horizontal shaft type and longitudinal axis formula two type.
From the twentieth century later stage thirties, people start the trial of excavating tunnel with development machine.Within 1949, π κ-2M type development machine is made by the Soviet Union, within 1956, makes π κ-3 type development machine.The F5 type development machine of Hungary's development in 1958 obtains to be promoted the use of.Since the sixties, development machine has become one of indispensable production equipment of each main coal producer, and various countries competitively develop development machine.Britain's nineteen sixty introduces π κ-3 type development machine, on this basis many this section MK2 type of development and production and MK2A type and RH type development machine.Japan, on the basis of introducing the Soviet Union, Britain's development machine, improves and is developed into MRH series development machine.Beetle type and EV type development machine etc. are made by West Germany.Within 1962, China starts the development work of development machine, is originally on the basis of Soviet Union π κ-2M, π κ-3 type development machine, to carry out improvement improve, and then sets about development, and what reach preliminary also small lot batch manufacture of shaping has ELMA type, EM1-30 type coal mine tunneling machine.Within 1979, China introduces coal and alternate heading development machine over one hundred by states such as Britain, Japan, the Soviet Union, and in the whole nation, some mineral bureaus use, and achieve good techno-economic effect.To the beginning of this century, along with the needs that mining industry develops rapidly, mine heavy roadheader in China through 20 years of researches, rapidly, the design and manufaction level of boom-type roadheader is more advanced, current in development, China has become development machine manufacture base the biggest in the world and application market, road heading machinery industry has become domestic high-end equipment manufacture and emerging strategic industries emphasis supports developing industry, and China's development machine market prospects are considerable, and its market demand is huge.
At present, the cantilever of most boom-type roadheaders adopts cascaded structure, as the boom-type roadheader that 31 heavy industrys are produced, the boom-type roadheader etc. that Sandvik is produced, but adopt the development machine of this kind of structure, the reaction force that the weight of its series connection cantilever self and Cutting Rock produce all is born by revolving dial, and rotatable platform also needs to provide rotation while load-bearing.Therefore, in actual use, the bearing load of rotatable platform is large, serious wear, and the rigidity requirement of rotatable platform is high, and manufacture difficulty is large.Meanwhile, the broken coal petrography of development machine is mainly by cutter squeeze crack rock, and the load of therefore bearing is comparatively large, requires larger rigidity, intensity and good structural stability, also has stricter requirement for the hole type of tunneling and hole line.And serial mechanism boom-type roadheader structural stability is poor at present, complete machine is heavier, huge, and system inertia is large, and power performance is bad; Movement locus is single, and when carrying out the renovation work in tunnel, whole machine will adjust in real time, and very inconvenient, waste comparatively multiple-energy-source, the surface finish in the tunnel of excavation is bad, is unfavorable for the later stage work such as supporting management.
The rotation of full-hydraulic tunneling machine and the maximum difference cutterhead of traditional development machine is also by hydraulic-driven, complete machine power concentration is provided by the pumping plant of a driven by motor, the electric control operation system of such full-hydraulic tunneling machine is simpler than traditional development machine, makes complete machine more safe and reliable in explosion-proof performance.Rotating speed can be reduced along with coal seam or formation hardness increase by the cutting head of fluid motor-driven in addition, increase cutting force, more can adapt to the operating mode of underground coal mine complexity.
The problem of not enough for existing development machine freedom of motion in limited working space, existing patent document it is also proposed some solutions, the Chinese patent being 201210289363.2 as application number announces one a kind of development machine propulsion plant and full face tunnel boring machine, development machine propulsion plant forms the 6SPS type six-degree-of-freedom parallel connection mechanism of redundant drive, mechanism does not have decoupling, controls difficulty; Due to a large amount of unmanageable spherical hinge adopted, make device fabrication difficulty, cost increases, and also have impact on the working space of cutting head simultaneously.Application number be 201510146648.4 Chinese patent disclose a kind of cantilever and adopt the development machine of parallel institution, the structure of its parallel institution adopted is 2RPS+2SPS, though its cutting head has four, space freedom of motion, but the amplitude of its rotational freedom is limited, have impact on the real work space of cutting head.In above-mentioned design scheme, the Unit-type sclection of parallel institution is unreasonable, and the support chain intensity chosen is not high, and the range of movement that parallel institution realizes can not meet underground work needs.Although parallel institution has, the rigidity of structure is large, location and the feature such as kinematic accuracy is high, supporting capacity is strong, freedom of motion is many, but it is not enough also to there is the little grade of working space, comprehensively should play the advantage of parallel institution and serial mechanism, the development machine cantilever of design hybrid connected structure, solves the technical problem that existing development machine exists.
A kind of hybrid mechanism that adopts that the utility model relates to is as the six degree of freedom series parallel type full-hydraulic tunneling machine of development machine cantilever, its cutting head has three, space independence and rotates and an independent movement, and also there are two redundancies rotations in the horizontal direction, namely swing and upper and lower elevating movement realize by two revolute pairs, not only can expand the rotation amplitude of its cutting head, also help the attitude of adjustment cutting head, cutting head can be realized under level, carry out cutting operation; In addition, control decoupling of the present utility model is good, regulate, easy to maintenance, can overcome existing development machine exist technological deficiency.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is for the deficiencies in the prior art, a kind of six degree of freedom series parallel type full-hydraulic tunneling machine is provided, its cutting head has three, space independence and rotates and an independent movement, and also there are two redundancies rotations in the horizontal direction, swing and upper and lower elevating movement realize by two revolute pairs, not only can overcome the defects such as existing development machine working arm freedom of motion is few, motion amplitude is little, cutting head can also be realized under level, carry out cutting operation, control decoupling is good, regulate, easy to maintenance.
Technical problem to be solved in the utility model realizes by the following technical solutions.
A kind of six degree of freedom series parallel type full-hydraulic tunneling machine, comprises loading part, running part, scratch board conveyor, fuselage body, two-freedom revolving bed, parallel operation arm and cutting head.Wherein, for loading the front end of loading station in fuselage body of the material such as rock, coal cinder, and be positioned at the below of cutting head and parallel operation arm, described loading part comprises shovel board, star-wheel, shovel board hoist cylinder and front chute, described star-wheel has two groups and symmetry is arranged in shovel board, for being carried backward to enter in front chute by the material in shovel board; Described front chute is positioned at the centre position of shovel board postmedian, and described shovel board is connected by hinge with fuselage body, and shovel board hoist cylinder is for regulating the elevation-depression angle of shovel board, and the two ends of shovel board hoist cylinder are all connected by hinge with shovel board, fuselage body.Described running part comprises track frame, crawler belt and running motor.Described running motor is arranged on track frame, for crawler belt provides power; Driving wheel is provided with at the output of running motor; Crawler belt is wrapped on track frame, and is meshed with driving wheel.Described scratch board conveyor is positioned at the centre position of fuselage body inside, comprises transport motor, rear chute and scraper chain.Described transport motor is positioned at the afterbody of rear chute, and is connected with rear chute by screw, and described rear chute is inclined and mounted on the middle part of fuselage body, and the front end of rear chute is lower than rear end.Described fuselage body is arranged on running part, and is connected mutually with the track frame of running part, on the left of the middle part of described fuselage body, be provided with operating desk, is provided with rear lighting lamp at the upper rear of fuselage body, below the afterbody of fuselage body, be provided with rear support leg.Described two-freedom revolving bed faces upward the function of swing adjustment and the support and connection of bowing in adjustment, horizontal plane for realizing cutting head, the rear end of two-freedom revolving bed is connected by pivoting support bearing with fuselage body, and the front end of two-freedom revolving bed is connected by bolt mutually with parallel operation arm.Described parallel operation arm between two-freedom revolving bed and cutting head, face upward for realizing cutting head adjustment of bowing, swing regulate and along the large regulatory function of cutting head own axes telescopic adjustment three.Described cutting head is used for cutting rock or coal seam, and cutting head is arranged on the front end of parallel operation arm, and is connected mutually by bolt with parallel operation arm.
Described two-freedom revolving bed comprises rotary table, angling cylinder, tie-beam, pitching oil cylinder and postbrachium backplate.The rear end of described rotary table is connected by pivoting support bearing with fuselage body, and the front end of described rotary table is connected by hinge with the rear end of tie-beam.Described angling cylinder have two, and being arranged symmetrically in the both sides of rotary table, rotating around the axis of vertical direction for driving rotary table; The rear end of angling cylinder is connected by hinge with fuselage body, and the front end of angling cylinder is connected by hinge with rotary table.Described pitching oil cylinder is for regulating tie-beam elevation-depression angle, and the rear end of pitching oil cylinder is connected by hinge with rotary table, and the front end of pitching oil cylinder is connected by hinge with tie-beam.Two ears hinge seats be arranged symmetrically with are provided with in the both sides, front end of described tie-beam, two monaural hinge seats be arranged symmetrically with are provided with in the both sides, rear end of tie-beam, be provided with waling and horizontal stiffener in the inside of tie-beam, be provided with fitting operation hole in the front top of tie-beam.Described postbrachium backplate is positioned at the top of tie-beam, for avoiding the rock after fragmentation or coal to fall in two-freedom revolving bed, and protects pitching oil cylinder; Described postbrachium backplate is connected by screw mutually with tie-beam.
Described parallel operation arm comprises fixed platform, outer kinematic chain, intermediary movements chain, moving platform and forearm backplate.Wherein, described fixed platform is connected by bolt with the tie-beam in two-freedom revolving bed; Described outer kinematic chain has three, and is arranged symmetrically between fixed platform and moving platform, and the two ends of described outer kinematic chain are all connected by screw with fixed platform, moving platform; The forward and backward two ends of described intermediary movements chain are connected mutually with fixed platform, moving platform respectively; Described forearm backplate is fixedly mounted on the outer kinematic chain that is positioned at above intermediary movements chain by screw, rock or coal for avoiding cutting rear generation enter the inside of parallel operation arm, to protect outer kinematic chain and intermediary movements chain.
Described moving platform comprises rear mount pad, T-shaped joint pin and front mount pad.Wherein, the cross section of described T-shaped joint pin presents T-shaped, and the forward and backward two ends of described T-shaped joint pin are connected mutually with front mount pad, rear mount pad respectively; Described front mount pad is connected by bolt with cutting head; Described rear mount pad is provided with pipeline hole, mount pad is provided with motor installing hole before described.
Described outer kinematic chain comprises rear universal joint, liquids double-rows cylinder pressure and front universal joint.Wherein, the rear end of described rear universal joint is installed on the stationary platform by screw, the described rear end of liquids double-rows cylinder pressure and the front end of rear universal joint are connected, and the front end of liquids double-rows cylinder pressure and the rear end of front universal joint are connected, and the front end of described front universal joint is connected by screw with moving platform.An axis of the cross axle of described rear universal joint parallels with an axis of the cross axle of front universal joint, and another axis of the cross axle of rear universal joint parallels with another axis of the cross axle of front universal joint; In the same direction, the axis keeping parallelism of the cross axle of three rear universal joints is on the stationary platform installed; In the same direction, the axis keeping parallelism of the cross axle of three front universal joints on moving platform is arranged on.
Described intermediary movements chain comprises rear hinge, intermediate liquid cylinder pressure and front hinge.Wherein, described rear hinge fixedly mounts on the stationary platform by screw, and the forward and backward two ends of described intermediate liquid cylinder pressure are connected mutually with front hinge, rear hinge respectively, and described front hinge is fixedly mounted on the rear mount pad of moving platform by screw.The described axis of rear hinge parallels with an axis of the cross axle of rear universal joint, and the axis of described front hinge parallels with an axis of the cross axle of front universal joint, and the axis of described rear hinge and the axis of front hinge mutually vertical.
Described cutting head comprises cutting motor, cutting head body, driving gear, driven gear, driven shaft and pick.Wherein, described cutting motor has three, and is arranged on before moving platform on mount pad, for providing power for driving gear by screw symmetry; Described driving gear is arranged on the output shaft of cutting motor, and is connected by flat key with the output shaft of cutting motor; Described driven gear is arranged on driven shaft, and is connected by flat key with driven shaft, and described driven gear is meshed with three driving gears simultaneously; The front end of described driven shaft is connected with cutting head body by bearing, and the rear end of driven shaft is connected with mount pad before moving platform by bearing; Described pick helically line style mounting arrangements, on the lateral surface of cutting head body, and is provided with diamond like carbon coating at the external surface of described pick.
Dimensional constraints relation between the axis of the cross axle of rear universal joint, front universal joint, and dimensional constraints relation between the axis of the cross axle of rear hinge and rear universal joint, the dimensional constraints relation between the axis of front hinge and the axis of the cross axle of front universal joint, the dimensional constraints relation between rear hinge and the axis of front hinge combination define the freedom of motion of parallel operation arm.
Running motor described in the utility model, transport motor and cutting motor all adopt hydraulic motor.
From the angle of theory of mechanisms, described two-freedom revolving bed is a kind of two-freedom serial mechanism of RR structure, and the axis of two revolute pair R is mutually vertical; Parallel operation arm is a kind of four side chain parallel institutions of 3UPU+RPR structure, and has the independent rotation of one, space movement two totally three freedoms of motion.Two-freedom revolving bed and parallel operation arm together form one, and { hybrid mechanism of-3UPU+RPR-}-RR structure, symbol R represents revolute pair, and symbol U represents universal joint, and symbol P represents moving sets.{-3UPU+RPR-}-RR has a movement four and rotates totally five freedoms of motion described hybrid mechanism, wherein have two to rotate as redundant degree of freedom, the rotation of cutting head around driven shaft axis under the driving of cutting motor is the six degrees of freedom of motion of cutting head.It is { the hybrid mechanism of-3UPU+RPR-}-RR-R that cutting head, parallel operation arm and two-freedom revolving bed form a structure.
During use, according to the actual cutting operation needs of heading machine cutting head, the attitude of cutting head can be determined.The left and right of the cutting head extension and contraction control rotary table significantly swung by angling cylinder swings and realizes, and the left and right of cutting head swings by a small margin also to swing by the extension and contraction control moving platform of liquids double-rows cylinder pressure in outer kinematic chain and realizes; Cutting head significantly faces upward the facing upward to bow and realize of extension and contraction control tie-beam of bowing and regulating by pitching oil cylinder up and down, and cutting head facing upward up and down is by a small margin bowed and regulated also by the facing upward to bow and realize of extension and contraction control moving platform of liquids double-rows cylinder pressure in outer kinematic chain; The flexible of cutting head realizes by controlling liquids double-rows cylinder pressure and the flexible of intermediate liquid cylinder pressure in parallel operation arm; Cutting head drives the rotation of driven gear and driven shaft to realize around the rotation of own axes mainly through cutting motor.In actual cutting operation, the operation pose adjustment of cutting head needs to control the rotation of multiple directions or mobile realization simultaneously.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are, compared with prior art, cutting head of the present utility model is except rotating around self, also there is three, space independence rotate and an independent movement, and horizontal direction has two to rotate as redundancy is rotated, namely swinging realizes by two revolute pairs with upper and lower elevating movement, not only can expand the rotation amplitude of its cutting head, also help the attitude of adjustment cutting head, cutting head axis of rotation can be realized under level, carry out cutting operation; The utility model adopts full hydraulic drive mode, and the rotation of cutterhead is also by fluid motor-driven, and electric control operation system is simpler than traditional development machine, makes complete machine more safe and reliable in explosion-proof performance; Rotating speed can be reduced along with coal seam or formation hardness increase by the cutting head of fluid motor-driven, increase cutting force, more can adapt to the operating mode of underground coal mine complexity.In addition, the utility model also has compact conformation, it is good to control decoupling, regulates, the feature such as easy to maintenance, can overcome the technological deficiency that existing development machine exists, not only can be used as underground coal mine coal road, rock gangway development machine, the development machine that also can be used as the purposes such as ground constructing tunnel uses.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is general structure schematic diagram of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is the assembly relation schematic diagram of two-freedom revolving bed of the present utility model, parallel operation arm and cutting head;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of tie-beam of the present utility model;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of parallel operation arm of the present utility model;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the intermediary movements chain of parallel operation arm of the present utility model;
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of the moving platform of parallel operation arm of the present utility model;
Fig. 7 is the structural representation of cutting head of the present utility model.
Detailed description of the invention
The technological means realized to make the utility model, creation characteristic, reaching object and effect is easy to understand, below in conjunction with specific embodiment and diagram, setting forth the utility model further.
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, a kind of six degree of freedom series parallel type full-hydraulic tunneling machine, comprises loading part 1, running part 2, scratch board conveyor 3, fuselage body 4, two-freedom revolving bed 5, parallel operation arm 6 and cutting head 7.Wherein, loading part 1 for loading the material such as rock, coal cinder is positioned at the front end of fuselage body 4, and be positioned at the below of cutting head 7 and parallel operation arm 6, described loading part 1 comprises shovel board 11, star-wheel 12, shovel board hoist cylinder 13 and front chute 14, described star-wheel 12 has two groups and symmetry is arranged in shovel board 11, for being carried backward by the material in shovel board 11 to enter in front chute 14; Described front chute 14 is positioned at the centre position of shovel board 11 postmedian, described shovel board 11 is connected by hinge with fuselage body 4, shovel board hoist cylinder 13 is for regulating the elevation-depression angle of shovel board 11, and the two ends of shovel board hoist cylinder 13 are all connected by hinge with shovel board 11, fuselage body 4.Described running part 2 comprises track frame 21, crawler belt 22 and running motor 23.Described running motor 23 is arranged on track frame 21, for crawler belt 22 provides power; Driving wheel 24 is provided with at the output of running motor 23; Crawler belt 22 is wrapped on track frame 21, and is meshed with driving wheel 24.Described scratch board conveyor 3 is positioned at the centre position of fuselage body 4 inside, comprises transport motor 31, rear chute 32 and scraper chain 33.Described transport motor 31 is positioned at the afterbody of rear chute 32, and is connected with rear chute 32 by screw, and described rear chute 32 is inclined and mounted on the middle part of fuselage body 4, and the front end of rear chute 32 is lower than rear end.Described fuselage body 4 is arranged on running part 2, and be connected mutually with the track frame 21 of running part 2, on the left of the middle part of described fuselage body 4, be provided with operating desk 41, be provided with rear lighting lamp 42 at the upper rear of fuselage body 4, below the afterbody of fuselage body 4, be provided with rear support leg 43.Described two-freedom revolving bed 5 faces upward the function of swing adjustment and the support and connection of bowing in adjustment, horizontal plane for realizing cutting head 7, the rear end of two-freedom revolving bed 5 is connected by pivoting support bearing with fuselage body 4, and the front end of two-freedom revolving bed 5 is connected by bolt mutually with parallel operation arm 6.Described parallel operation arm 6 between two-freedom revolving bed 5 and cutting head 7, face upward for realizing cutting head 7 adjustment of bowing, swing regulate and along the large regulatory function of cutting head 7 own axes telescopic adjustment three.Described cutting head 7 is for cutting rock or coal seam, and cutting head 7 is arranged on the front end of parallel operation arm 6, and is connected mutually by bolt with parallel operation arm 6.
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2 and Figure 3, described two-freedom revolving bed 5 comprises rotary table 51, angling cylinder 52, tie-beam 53, pitching oil cylinder 54 and postbrachium backplate 55.The rear end of described rotary table 51 is connected by pivoting support bearing with fuselage body 4, and the front end of described rotary table 51 is connected by hinge with the rear end of tie-beam 53.Described angling cylinder 52 have two, and being arranged symmetrically in the both sides of rotary table 51, rotating around the axis of vertical direction for driving rotary table 51; The rear end of angling cylinder 52 is connected by hinge with fuselage body 4, and the front end of angling cylinder 52 is connected by hinge with rotary table 51.Described pitching oil cylinder 54 is for regulating tie-beam 53 elevation-depression angle, and the rear end of pitching oil cylinder 54 is connected by hinge with rotary table 51, and the front end of pitching oil cylinder 54 is connected by hinge with tie-beam 53.Two ears hinge seats 531 be arranged symmetrically with are provided with in the both sides, front end of described tie-beam 53, two monaural hinge seats 532 be arranged symmetrically with are provided with in the both sides, rear end of tie-beam 53, be provided with waling 533 and horizontal stiffener 534 in the inside of tie-beam 53, be provided with fitting operation hole 535 in the front top of tie-beam 53.Described postbrachium backplate 55 is positioned at the top of tie-beam 53, for avoiding the rock after fragmentation or coal to fall in two-freedom revolving bed 5, and protects pitching oil cylinder 54; Described postbrachium backplate 55 is connected by screw mutually with tie-beam 53.
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, shown in Fig. 4 and Fig. 5, described parallel operation arm 6 comprises fixed platform 61, outer kinematic chain 62, intermediary movements chain 63, moving platform 64 and forearm backplate 65.Wherein, described fixed platform 61 is connected by bolt with the tie-beam 53 in two-freedom revolving bed 5; Described outer kinematic chain 62 has three, and is arranged symmetrically between fixed platform 61 and moving platform 64, and the two ends of described outer kinematic chain 62 are connected by screw with fixed platform 61, moving platform 64 respectively; The forward and backward two ends of described intermediary movements chain 63 are connected mutually with fixed platform 61, moving platform 64 respectively; Described forearm backplate 65 is fixedly mounted on the outer kinematic chain 62 that is positioned at above intermediary movements chain 63 by screw, rock or coal for avoiding cutting rear generation enter the inside of parallel operation arm 6, to protect outer kinematic chain 62 and intermediary movements chain 63.
As shown in Fig. 2, Fig. 4 and Fig. 6, described moving platform 64 comprises rear mount pad 641, T-shaped joint pin 642 and front mount pad 643.Wherein, the cross section of described T-shaped joint pin 642 presents T-shaped, and the forward and backward two ends of described T-shaped joint pin 642 are connected mutually with front mount pad 643, rear mount pad 641 respectively; Described front mount pad 643 is connected by bolt with cutting head 7; Described rear mount pad 641 is provided with pipeline hole 6411, mount pad 643 is provided with motor installing hole 6431 before described.
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2 and Figure 4, described outer kinematic chain 62 comprises rear universal joint 621, liquids double-rows cylinder pressure 622 and front universal joint 623.Wherein, the rear end of described rear universal joint 621 is arranged in fixed platform 61 by screw, the rear end of described liquids double-rows cylinder pressure 622 and the front end of rear universal joint 621 are connected, the front end of liquids double-rows cylinder pressure 622 and the rear end of front universal joint 623 are connected, and the front end of described front universal joint 623 is connected by screw with moving platform 64.An axis of the cross axle of described rear universal joint 621 parallels with an axis of the cross axle of front universal joint 623, and another axis of the cross axle of rear universal joint 621 parallels with another axis of the cross axle of front universal joint 623; In the same direction, the axis keeping parallelism of the cross axle of three rear universal joints 621 in fixed platform 61 is arranged on; In the same direction, the axis keeping parallelism of the cross axle of three front universal joints 623 on moving platform 64 is arranged on.
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, shown in Fig. 4 and Fig. 5, described intermediary movements chain 63 comprises rear hinge 631, intermediate liquid cylinder pressure 632 and front hinge 633.Wherein, described rear hinge 631 is fixedly mounted in fixed platform 61 by screw, the forward and backward two ends of described intermediate liquid cylinder pressure 632 are connected mutually with front hinge 633, rear hinge 631 respectively, and described front hinge 633 is fixedly mounted on the rear mount pad 641 of moving platform 64 by screw.The axis of described rear hinge 631 parallels with an axis of the cross axle of rear universal joint 621, the axis of described front hinge 633 parallels with an axis of the cross axle of front universal joint 623, and the axis of described rear hinge 631 is mutually vertical with the axis of front hinge 633.
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, shown in Fig. 6 and Fig. 7, described cutting head 7 comprises cutting motor 71, cutting head body 72, driving gear 73, driven gear 74, driven shaft 75 and pick 76.Wherein, described cutting motor 71 has three, and is arranged on before moving platform 64 on mount pad 643, for providing power for driving gear 73 by screw symmetry; Described driving gear 73 is arranged on the output shaft of cutting motor 71, and is connected by flat key with the output shaft of cutting motor 71; Described driven gear 74 is arranged on driven shaft 75, and is connected by flat key with driven shaft 75, and described driven gear 74 is meshed with three driving gears 73 simultaneously; The front end of described driven shaft 75 is connected with cutting head body 72 by bearing, and the rear end of driven shaft 75 is connected with mount pad 643 before moving platform 64 by bearing; Described pick 76 helically line style mounting arrangements, on the lateral surface of cutting head body 72, and is provided with diamond like carbon coating at the external surface of described pick 76.
Dimensional constraints relation between the axis of the cross axle of rear universal joint 621, front universal joint 623, and dimensional constraints relation between the axis of the cross axle of rear hinge 631 and rear universal joint 621, the dimensional constraints relation between the axis of front hinge 633 and the axis of the cross axle of front universal joint 623, the dimensional constraints relation between rear hinge 631 and the axis of front hinge 633 combination define the freedom of motion of parallel operation arm 6.
Running motor 23 described in the utility model, transport motor 31 and cutting motor 71 all adopt hydraulic motor.
During use, according to the actual cutting operation needs of heading machine cutting head 7, the attitude of cutting head 7 can be determined.The left and right of the cutting head 7 extension and contraction control rotary table 51 significantly swung by angling cylinder 52 swings and realizes, and the left and right of cutting head 7 swings by a small margin also to swing by the extension and contraction control moving platform 64 of liquids double-rows cylinder pressure 622 in outer kinematic chain 62 and realizes; Cutting head 7 significantly faces upward the facing upward to bow and realize of extension and contraction control tie-beam 53 of bowing and regulating by pitching oil cylinder 54 up and down, and cutting head 7 facing upward up and down is by a small margin bowed and regulated also by the facing upward to bow and realize of extension and contraction control moving platform 64 of liquids double-rows cylinder pressure 622 in outer kinematic chain 62; The flexible of cutting head 7 realizes by controlling liquids double-rows cylinder pressure 622 and the flexible of intermediate liquid cylinder pressure 632 in parallel operation arm 6; Cutting head 7 drives the rotation of driven gear 74 and driven shaft 75 to realize mainly through cutting motor 71 around the rotation of own axes.In actual cutting operation, the operation pose adjustment of cutting head 7 needs to control the rotation of multiple directions or mobile realization simultaneously.
More than show and describe general principle of the present utility model, principal character and advantage.The technician of the industry should understand; the utility model is not restricted to the described embodiments; what describe in above-described embodiment and manual just illustrates principle of the present utility model; under the prerequisite not departing from the utility model spirit and scope; the utility model also has various changes and modifications, and these changes and improvements all fall in the claimed scope of the utility model.The claimed scope of the utility model is defined by appending claims and equivalent thereof.

Claims (3)

1. a six degree of freedom series parallel type full-hydraulic tunneling machine, comprise loading part, running part, scratch board conveyor, fuselage body, two-freedom revolving bed, parallel operation arm and cutting head, it is characterized in that: described loading station is in the front end of fuselage body, and be positioned at the below of cutting head and parallel operation arm, described loading part comprises shovel board, star-wheel, shovel board hoist cylinder and front chute, described star-wheel has two groups and symmetry is arranged in shovel board, described front chute is positioned at the centre position of shovel board postmedian, described shovel board is connected by hinge with fuselage body, the two ends of shovel board hoist cylinder and shovel board, fuselage body is all connected by hinge, described running part comprises track frame, crawler belt and running motor, and described running motor is arranged on track frame, and be provided with driving wheel at the output of running motor, crawler belt is wrapped on track frame, and is meshed with driving wheel, described scratch board conveyor is positioned at the centre position of fuselage body inside, comprise transport motor, rear chute and scraper chain, described transport motor is positioned at the afterbody of rear chute, and be connected with rear chute by screw, described rear chute is inclined and mounted on the middle part of fuselage body, and the front end of rear chute is lower than rear end, described fuselage body is arranged on running part, and is connected mutually with the track frame of running part, on the left of the middle part of described fuselage body, be provided with operating desk, is provided with rear lighting lamp at the upper rear of fuselage body, below the afterbody of fuselage body, be provided with rear support leg, the rear end of described two-freedom revolving bed is connected by pivoting support bearing with fuselage body, and the front end of two-freedom revolving bed is connected by bolt mutually with parallel operation arm, described parallel operation arm is between two-freedom revolving bed and cutting head, and described cutting head is arranged on the front end of parallel operation arm, and is connected mutually by bolt with parallel operation arm,
Described two-freedom revolving bed comprises rotary table, angling cylinder, tie-beam, pitching oil cylinder and postbrachium backplate, the rear end of described rotary table is connected by pivoting support bearing with fuselage body, and the front end of described rotary table is connected by hinge with the rear end of tie-beam; Described angling cylinder have two, and be arranged symmetrically in the both sides of rotary table, the rear end of angling cylinder is connected by hinge with fuselage body, and the front end of angling cylinder is connected by hinge with rotary table; The rear end of described pitching oil cylinder is connected by hinge with rotary table, and the front end of pitching oil cylinder is connected by hinge with tie-beam; Be provided with waling and horizontal stiffener in the inside of described tie-beam, be provided with fitting operation hole in the front top of tie-beam; Described postbrachium backplate is positioned at the top of tie-beam, and is connected mutually by screw with tie-beam;
Described parallel operation arm comprises fixed platform, outer kinematic chain, intermediary movements chain, moving platform and forearm backplate, and described fixed platform is connected by bolt with the tie-beam in two-freedom revolving bed; Described outer kinematic chain has three, and is arranged symmetrically between fixed platform and moving platform, and the two ends of described outer kinematic chain are all connected by screw with fixed platform, moving platform; The forward and backward two ends of described intermediary movements chain are connected mutually with fixed platform, moving platform respectively; Described forearm backplate is fixedly mounted on the outer kinematic chain that is positioned at above intermediary movements chain by screw;
Described moving platform comprises rear mount pad, T-shaped joint pin and front mount pad, the forward and backward two ends of described T-shaped joint pin are connected mutually with front mount pad, rear mount pad respectively, described front mount pad is connected by bolt with cutting head, described rear mount pad is provided with pipeline hole, mount pad is provided with motor installing hole before described.
2. a kind of six degree of freedom series parallel type full-hydraulic tunneling machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described outer kinematic chain comprises rear universal joint, liquids double-rows cylinder pressure and front universal joint, the rear end of described rear universal joint is installed on the stationary platform by screw, the described rear end of liquids double-rows cylinder pressure and the front end of rear universal joint are connected, the front end of liquids double-rows cylinder pressure and the rear end of front universal joint are connected, and the front end of described front universal joint is connected by screw with moving platform; An axis of the cross axle of described rear universal joint parallels with an axis of the cross axle of front universal joint, and another axis of the cross axle of rear universal joint parallels with another axis of the cross axle of front universal joint; In the same direction, the axis keeping parallelism of the cross axle of three rear universal joints is on the stationary platform installed; In the same direction, the axis keeping parallelism of the cross axle of three front universal joints on moving platform is arranged on;
Described intermediary movements chain comprises rear hinge, intermediate liquid cylinder pressure and front hinge, described rear hinge fixedly mounts on the stationary platform by screw, the forward and backward two ends of described intermediate liquid cylinder pressure are connected mutually with front hinge, rear hinge respectively, and described front hinge is fixedly mounted on moving platform by screw; The described axis of rear hinge parallels with an axis of the cross axle of rear universal joint, and the axis of described front hinge parallels with an axis of the cross axle of front universal joint, and the axis of described rear hinge and the axis of front hinge mutually vertical.
3. a kind of six degree of freedom series parallel type full-hydraulic tunneling machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described cutting head comprises cutting motor, cutting head body, driving gear, driven gear, driven shaft and pick, described cutting motor has three, and to be arranged on before moving platform on mount pad by screw symmetry; Described driving gear is arranged on the output shaft of cutting motor, and is connected by flat key with the output shaft of cutting motor; Described driven gear is arranged on driven shaft, and is connected by flat key with driven shaft, and described driven gear is meshed with three driving gears simultaneously; The front end of described driven shaft is connected with cutting head body by bearing, and the rear end of driven shaft is connected with mount pad before moving platform by bearing; Described pick helically line style mounting arrangements, on the lateral surface of cutting head body, and is provided with diamond like carbon coating at the external surface of described pick.
CN201520654914.XU 2015-08-27 2015-08-27 All -hydraulic entry driving machine of 6 -degree of freedom series -parallel connection formula Withdrawn - After Issue CN204899935U (en)

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105041329A (en) * 2015-08-27 2015-11-11 安徽理工大学 Six-freedom-degree series-parallel full-hydraulic tunneling machine
CN105804743A (en) * 2016-04-11 2016-07-27 中南大学 Continuous rotating and vibrating cutting equipment realizing pregrooving and used for hard rock ore body and construction process of equipment
CN109372501A (en) * 2018-10-10 2019-02-22 刘志伟 A kind of hydrojet driving coalcutter
CN110939384A (en) * 2020-01-10 2020-03-31 长沙理工大学 Working method of jumbolter for high slope anchoring
CN111005735A (en) * 2019-12-30 2020-04-14 中铁工程装备集团有限公司 Parallel type flexible arm TBM cutter tunneling control method
CN111075351A (en) * 2020-01-10 2020-04-28 长沙理工大学 Roofbolter system
CN111119732A (en) * 2020-01-10 2020-05-08 长沙理工大学 Roofbolter for high slope anchoring

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105041329A (en) * 2015-08-27 2015-11-11 安徽理工大学 Six-freedom-degree series-parallel full-hydraulic tunneling machine
CN105041329B (en) * 2015-08-27 2017-06-06 安徽理工大学 Six degree of freedom series parallel type full-hydraulic tunneling machine
CN105804743A (en) * 2016-04-11 2016-07-27 中南大学 Continuous rotating and vibrating cutting equipment realizing pregrooving and used for hard rock ore body and construction process of equipment
CN109372501A (en) * 2018-10-10 2019-02-22 刘志伟 A kind of hydrojet driving coalcutter
CN111005735A (en) * 2019-12-30 2020-04-14 中铁工程装备集团有限公司 Parallel type flexible arm TBM cutter tunneling control method
CN110939384A (en) * 2020-01-10 2020-03-31 长沙理工大学 Working method of jumbolter for high slope anchoring
CN111075351A (en) * 2020-01-10 2020-04-28 长沙理工大学 Roofbolter system
CN111119732A (en) * 2020-01-10 2020-05-08 长沙理工大学 Roofbolter for high slope anchoring
CN111075351B (en) * 2020-01-10 2021-04-23 长沙理工大学 Roofbolter system
CN111119732B (en) * 2020-01-10 2021-04-23 长沙理工大学 Roofbolter for high slope anchoring

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