CN203167980U - Peanut seed shucking machine - Google Patents

Peanut seed shucking machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203167980U
CN203167980U CN 201320113042 CN201320113042U CN203167980U CN 203167980 U CN203167980 U CN 203167980U CN 201320113042 CN201320113042 CN 201320113042 CN 201320113042 U CN201320113042 U CN 201320113042U CN 203167980 U CN203167980 U CN 203167980U
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China
Prior art keywords
peanut
shucking
sieve
peanut seed
feed hopper
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CN 201320113042
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王东伟
尚书旗
连政国
王家胜
李想
王延耀
韩坤
陈凯
孙玉涛
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Qingdao Agricultural University
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Qingdao Agricultural University
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Priority to CN 201320113042 priority Critical patent/CN203167980U/en
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a peanut seed shucking machine which comprises a machine frame. A motor is placed below the machine frame, a feeding hopper is placed on the upper portion of the machine frame, a shucking roller is arranged below the feeding hopper, and a concave grid is arranged below the shucking roller. A sundry discharging device is placed on one side in the rotation direction of the shucking roller, and an upper draught fan is arranged on the other side in the rotation direction of the shucking roller. A sifter is placed below the concave grid, a shell outlet is formed between the sifter and the sundry discharging device, and a kernel outlet is formed below the sifter and on one side of the upper draught fan. A pushing rod and a rocking rod are placed on the left side and the right side of the machine frame, and are connected with the sifter. A lower draught fan is placed below the sifter, and the shucking roller is connected with an eccentric shaft. The peanut seed shucking machine is simple in structure and convenient to use. Due to the fact that the multi-teeth plastic roller is adopted, the breakage rate and the damage rate of peanut kernels are greatly reduced, working efficiency is improved, space is saved, and operation is convenient. The peanut seed shucking machine solves the problems that an existing peanut shucking machine is high in breakage rate, large in damage rate, low in clean-shucking rate and poor in cleanliness.

Description

The peanut seed decorticator
Technical field
The utility model relates to mechanical field, and a kind of peanut seed decorticator is applicable to peeling off of peanut kind fruit specifically.
Background technology
Be rich in fat and protein in the peanut, be main edible vegetable oil source, and can provide rich vegetable protein matter again.Utilize the albumen powder of the peanut dregs after peanut or the degreasing, can be directly used in and bake ediblely, also can be used as raw material or the additive of meat products, dairy products, candy and fried food.Be the food that raw material or additive are made with the peanut protein powder, both improved protein content, improved its functional characteristic again.Peanut protein powder can also be made protein meat by high pressure swelling.Peanut is the important source material of edible vegetable oil industry, utilizes peanut oil can make margarine, shortening, salad oil, mediation wet goods, also can be used as the raw material of industry.Peanut is except through simply processing with regard to the edible, can also make nutritiously through deep processing, and color is good various food and health products all.Peanut processing byproduct peanut shell and peanut dregs etc. can fully utilize, and value added by manufacture is increased economic efficiency.
Peanut is being produced grease, is being produced peanut protein, producing the peanut instrument and when peanut trade export, needing that all peanut is carried out preliminary treatment and process.The preliminary treatment of peanut mainly comprises peeling off of peanut and classification, fragmentation, rolls embryo and steams stir-fry etc.
Peanut is in processing or during as exporting, the processing of need peeling off.Peanut is when producing grease, and the purpose of peeling off is in order to improve oil yield, improves the quality of crude oil and grouts, is beneficial to the carrying out of rolling subsequent handlings such as embryo and the comprehensive utilization of cot.Traditional peeling off is manpower peel manually shell, peel off by hand and not only point fatiguability, injured, and work efficiency is very low, so the vast farmers an urgent demand of peanut producing region replaces manual peeling off with machine.The birth of earthnut sheller has changed this situation to a great extent, makes the peasant in peanut producing region adopt the most original method for stripping shell to peel off again, thereby has alleviated peasant's manual labor widely, has also improved the efficient that peanut is peeled off simultaneously.
The peanut seed hulling machine is peanut pod to be removed shell and the operating machinery on farm that obtains shelled peanut.Because the physilogical characteristics of peanut itself have determined peanut shelling not carry out integration of operation with the field results of peanut, and just can shell after can only dropping to a certain degree at the moisture content of peanut pod.Along with the continuous development of peanut cultivation industry, the manual shelling of peanut can't have been satisfied the requirement of High-efficient Production, and it is extremely urgent to carry out shelling machineization.
And the shelled peanut after the groundnut sheller of China shelling at present exists broken skin and the higher phenomenon of damage ratio, can only be used for oil expression, food processing and edible peanut, and can not be used as peanut seed.That is that all right is ripe for existing peanut shelling device, introduces or imitates produced peanut shelling facility and all have certain defective, the variety type of incompatible Chinese peanut and the actual conditions of peanut shelling through digesting and assimilating after.Therefore, based on the actual conditions of Chinese peanut production, be badly in need of developing the novel peanut shelling device that is fit to China's actual conditions, to satisfy the active demand in vast peanut cultivation user of domestic present stage and market, promote increasing peasant income, growth of agricultural efficiency.
The utility model content
According to above-mentioned weak point, the purpose of this utility model provides and a kind ofly can greatly reduce the percentage of damage of shelled peanut and the peanut seed decorticator of damage ratio.
For achieving the above object, the technical solution of the utility model is: a kind of peanut seed decorticator, it comprises frame, the frame below is provided with motor, described frame top is provided with feed hopper, the below of feed hopper is provided with the cylinder of peeling off, the peel off below of cylinder is provided with concave grate, side along the cylinder rotation direction of peeling off is provided with trash discharging apparatus, opposite side is provided with fan, the below of concave grate is provided with sieve, is provided with out faucal between sieve and the trash discharging apparatus, and the sieve below is positioned at fan one side and is provided with peanut kernel outlet, the frame left and right sides is provided with push rod and rocking bar, described push rod links to each other with sieve with rocking bar, and the below of sieve is provided with down blower fan, and the described cylinder of peeling off also is connected with eccentric shaft.
Preferably: the described cylinder of peeling off is multiple tooth plastic drum.
Preferably: described feed hopper is provided with the inlet amount adjusting device.
Preferably: described inlet amount adjusting device is for being arranged on the charging adjustable plate on the feed hopper inclined-plane by nut, described feed hopper inclined-plane is provided with regulating tank, and the below on feed hopper inclined-plane is provided with the handwheel that matches with nut.
Preferably: described peanut kernel outlet is provided with out the benevolence quantity regulating device.
Preferably: describedly go out the benevolence quantity regulating device for be arranged on the peanut adjustable plate on the peanut kernel outlet side plate by bolt, described peanut adjustable plate below is provided with peanut whereabouts plate.
Preferably: described peanut whereabouts plate is obliquely installed.
Preferably: described sieve is the flake sieve.
Preferably: described frame bottom is provided with land wheel.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are: the utility model is simple in structure, and is easy to use, by adopting multiple tooth plastic drum, greatly reduces percentage of damage and the damage ratio of shelled peanut, improved operating efficiency, and saved the space, is convenient to operation.This peanut seed decorticator can not only be realized the synthetic job of peeling off, clean, classifying to peanut, also can solve the existing percentage of damage height of existing earthnut sheller, and damage ratio is big, and walnut hulling rate is low, the difficult problem of cleannes difference.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is structural representation one of the present utility model.
Fig. 2 is structural representation two of the present utility model.
Fig. 3 is side view one of the present utility model.
Fig. 4 is side view two of the present utility model.
Fig. 5 is the vertical view of the utility model feed hopper.
Fig. 6 is the side view of the utility model feed hopper.
Fig. 7 is the front view of the utility model peanut kernel outlet.
Wherein, 1-charging adjustable plate; The 2-feed hopper; The 3-fan; The 4-peanut kernel outlet; The 5-push rod; The 6-motor; The 7-cylinder of peeling off; The 8-trash discharging apparatus; 9-goes out faucal; The 10-frame; The 11-rocking bar; Blower fan under the 12-; The 13-land wheel; The 14-concave grate; The 15-sieve; The 16-eccentric shaft; 17-goes out the benevolence adjustable plate; The 18-regulating tank; The 19-nut; The 20-charging aperture; The 21-handwheel; 22-feed hopper inclined-plane; 23-peanut whereabouts plate; 24-peanut kernel outlet side plate; The 25-bolt.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with specific embodiment the utility model is described further.
By the peanut seed decorticator shown in Fig. 1-4, it comprises frame 10, frame 10 belows are provided with motor 6, described frame 10 tops are provided with feed hopper 2, the below of feed hopper 2 is provided with the cylinder 7 of peeling off, the peel off below of cylinder 7 is provided with concave grate 14, side along cylinder 7 rotation directions of peeling off is provided with trash discharging apparatus 8, opposite side is provided with fan 3, the below of concave grate 14 is provided with sieve 15, be provided with out faucal 9 between sieve 15 and the trash discharging apparatus 8, sieve 15 belows are positioned at fan 3 one sides and are provided with peanut kernel outlet 4, and frame 10 left and right sides are provided with push rod 5 and rocking bar 11, and described push rod 5 links to each other with sieve 15 with rocking bar 11, the below of sieve 15 is provided with down blower fan 12, and the described cylinder 7 of peeling off also is connected with eccentric shaft 16.Wherein, the cylinder 7 of peeling off is preferably multiple tooth plastic drum, can better be applicable to peeling off of peanut seed, reduces percentage of damage and the damage ratio of shelled peanut.Feed hopper 2 is provided with the inlet amount adjusting device.Inlet amount adjusting device shown in Fig. 5-6 as can be known, it comprises by nut 19 and is arranged on charging adjustable plate 1 on the feed hopper inclined-plane 22, described feed hopper inclined-plane 22 is provided with regulating tank 18, and the below on feed hopper inclined-plane 22 is provided with the handwheel 21 that matches with nut 19.During use, unclamp nut 19, by the position of handwheel 21 adjusting charging adjustable plates 1, can control the size of charging aperture 20, thereby play the effect of control peanut feed quantity.Described peanut kernel outlet 4 is provided with out the benevolence quantity regulating device.As shown in Figure 7 go out the benevolence quantity regulating device as can be known, it comprises being arranged on by bolt 25 and goes out benevolence adjustable plate 17 on the peanut kernel outlet side plate 24, describedly goes out benevolence adjustable plate 17 belows and is provided with peanut whereabouts plate 23.Peanut whereabouts plate 23 is obliquely installed, and is convenient to peanut and falls to collecting.Described sieve 15 is preferably the flake sieve, and the flake sieve is the fish-eye shaped sieve aperture of making projection in the metal sheet upper punch, and mixture can only unidirectionally be selected on compass screen surface, and propelling movement ability backward is relatively good.Frame 10 bottoms are provided with land wheel 13, and being convenient to this peanut seed decorticator can move freely.
The complete machine power of peanut seed decorticator is provided by motor 6.The outputting power of motor 6 is delivered to fan 3 and following blower fan 12 respectively through the transmission of two bands.Following blower fan 12 is crossed a band transmission through one transmission of power is arrived eccentric shaft 16; Eccentric shaft 16 through one the band transmission with transmission of power to the cylinder 7 of peeling off.In earthnut sheller when work, be poured into peanut in the middle of the feed hopper 2, and peanut enters into cylinder 7 the insides of peeling off along feed hopper inclined-plane 22.Peanut the cylinder-concave clearance that cylinder 7 and the concave grate 14 of peeling off formed push with rubbing after, peanut shell breaks, and drops into flake sieve 15 with shelled peanut through the casing inclined-plane by lattice-shaped concave grate 14.By the peel off model of drum shaft bearing of change, can regulate the distance of peeling off between cylinder 7 and the concave grate 14, thereby can adapt to the requirement of peeling off of different peanut varieties.Side along cylinder 7 rotation directions of peeling off is provided with trash discharging apparatus 8, and opposite side is provided with fan 3, can guarantee that most peanut shell and lighter impurity just blew out earthnut sheller by trash discharging apparatus 8 before dropping into flake sieve 15.The porpoise under the effect of flake sieve 15 of remaining shelled peanut and peanut shell, following blower fan 12 reach the peanut shell above the flake sieve 15 and blow out outside the machine by going out faucal 9 than light impurity.Shelled peanut moves upward under the propelling movement effect of flake sieve 15, and finger stone and earth move downward.Shelled peanut can be controlled the height of peanut kernel outlet 4 by changing the angle that benevolence adjustable plate 17, thereby reaches the purpose of the shelled peanut of collecting different sizes.
Spending No. 11 peanuts with the Shandong is subjects, and peanut water content<9% during test illustrates the advantage of this peanut seed decorticator.
The experimental data table of this peanut seed of table 1 decorticator and other decorticator
As shown in Table 1, the walnut hulling rate of this peanut seed decorticator is higher than common earthnut sheller, percentage of damage is close with the 6BH-180 decorticator, but less than other decorticator, cleannes are higher than common earthnut sheller, illustrate that this peanut seed decorticator effect of peeling off is good than the common peanut decorticator, and can reduce the percentage of damage of shelled peanut, improve the cleannes of peanut.

Claims (9)

1. peanut seed decorticator, it comprises frame (10), frame (10) below is provided with motor (6), it is characterized in that: described frame (10) top is provided with feed hopper (2), the below of feed hopper (2) is provided with the cylinder of peeling off (7), the peel off below of cylinder (7) is provided with concave grate (14), side along the cylinder of peeling off (7) rotation direction is provided with trash discharging apparatus (8), opposite side is provided with fan (3), the below of concave grate (14) is provided with sieve (15), be provided with out faucal (9) between sieve (15) and the trash discharging apparatus (8), sieve (15) below is positioned at fan (3) one sides and is provided with peanut kernel outlet (4), frame (10) left and right sides is provided with push rod (5) and rocking bar (11), described push rod (5) links to each other with sieve (15) with rocking bar (11), the below of sieve (15) is provided with down blower fan (12), and the described cylinder of peeling off (7) also is connected with eccentric shaft (16).
2. according to the described peanut seed decorticator of claim 1, it is characterized in that: the described cylinder of peeling off (7) is multiple tooth plastic drum.
3. according to the described peanut seed decorticator of claim 1, it is characterized in that: described feed hopper (2) is provided with the inlet amount adjusting device.
4. according to the described peanut seed decorticator of claim 3, it is characterized in that: described inlet amount adjusting device is for being arranged on the charging adjustable plate (1) on the feed hopper inclined-plane (22) by nut (19), described feed hopper inclined-plane (22) is provided with regulating tank (18), and the below of feed hopper inclined-plane (22) is provided with the handwheel (21) that matches with nut (19).
5. according to the described peanut seed decorticator of claim 1, it is characterized in that: described peanut kernel outlet (4) is provided with out the benevolence quantity regulating device.
6. according to the described peanut seed decorticator of claim 5, it is characterized in that: describedly go out the benevolence quantity regulating device and go out benevolence adjustable plate (17) for being arranged on by bolt (25) on the peanut kernel outlet side plate (24), describedly be provided with peanut whereabouts plate (23) below going out benevolence adjustable plate (17).
7. according to the described peanut seed decorticator of claim 6, it is characterized in that: described peanut whereabouts plate (23) is obliquely installed.
8. according to the described peanut seed decorticator of claim 1, it is characterized in that: described sieve (15) is the flake sieve.
9. according to the described peanut seed decorticator of claim 1, it is characterized in that: described frame (10) bottom is provided with land wheel (13).
CN 201320113042 2013-03-12 2013-03-12 Peanut seed shucking machine Active CN203167980U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103181608A (en) * 2013-03-12 2013-07-03 青岛农业大学 Husking machine for peanut seeds
CN104000286A (en) * 2014-06-20 2014-08-27 庞桂福 Peanut sheller
CN106174612A (en) * 2016-08-04 2016-12-07 苏州灵垦农业科技有限公司 A kind of pulley type groundnut sheller
CN106213529A (en) * 2016-08-04 2016-12-14 苏州灵垦农业科技有限公司 A kind of pulley type Semen arachidis hypogaeae intelligence shelling robot
CN107960667A (en) * 2017-11-29 2018-04-27 安徽合众智信科技咨询有限公司 A kind of stagewise peanut shelling device
CN112089062A (en) * 2020-09-27 2020-12-18 李江勇 Agricultural product processing equipment for peanut shelling and screening
CN113439502A (en) * 2021-06-29 2021-09-28 严高超 Peanut shelling and seed selecting device

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103181608A (en) * 2013-03-12 2013-07-03 青岛农业大学 Husking machine for peanut seeds
CN104000286A (en) * 2014-06-20 2014-08-27 庞桂福 Peanut sheller
CN106174612A (en) * 2016-08-04 2016-12-07 苏州灵垦农业科技有限公司 A kind of pulley type groundnut sheller
CN106213529A (en) * 2016-08-04 2016-12-14 苏州灵垦农业科技有限公司 A kind of pulley type Semen arachidis hypogaeae intelligence shelling robot
CN108065422A (en) * 2016-08-04 2018-05-25 苏州灵垦农业科技有限公司 A kind of pulley type groundnut sheller
CN108991543A (en) * 2016-08-04 2018-12-14 惠安县信达友工业设计有限公司 A kind of pulley type peanut intelligence hulling device
CN107960667A (en) * 2017-11-29 2018-04-27 安徽合众智信科技咨询有限公司 A kind of stagewise peanut shelling device
CN112089062A (en) * 2020-09-27 2020-12-18 李江勇 Agricultural product processing equipment for peanut shelling and screening
CN113439502A (en) * 2021-06-29 2021-09-28 严高超 Peanut shelling and seed selecting device

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