CN203043352U - High-rise escape slow descent device - Google Patents

High-rise escape slow descent device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203043352U
CN203043352U CN2012205122637U CN201220512263U CN203043352U CN 203043352 U CN203043352 U CN 203043352U CN 2012205122637 U CN2012205122637 U CN 2012205122637U CN 201220512263 U CN201220512263 U CN 201220512263U CN 203043352 U CN203043352 U CN 203043352U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
steel wire
wire rope
platform
cabin
folding
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CN2012205122637U
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Chinese (zh)
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不公告发明人
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北京巨国科技有限公司
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Priority to CN2012205122637U priority Critical patent/CN203043352U/en
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Publication of CN203043352U publication Critical patent/CN203043352U/en

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a high-rise escape slow descent device which mainly comprises a piston slow descent mechanism, an empty chamber collecting and releasing mechanism, a steel wire rope balancing mechanism, rescue capsules, a rescue mobile platform, a steel wire rope, a steel wire rope guide wheel, a supporting structure and the like, wherein the rescue mobile platform is of a platform with a steel structure, the two rescue capsules are arranged at the front end of the rescue mobile platform, the piston slow descent mechanism, the empty chamber collecting and releasing mechanism and the like are arranged at the rear part of the rescue mobile platform, a floor is paved on the bottom surface of the platform, and an entrance of the platform is at the rear end. The high-rise escape slow descent device is reasonable and practical in structure, safe, reliable, easy to operate, and suitable for multiple persons to escape. The high-rise escape slow descent device can be widely used in emergency escape of high-rise buildings, thereby having wide application prospects.

Description

A kind of high-rise life saving slow descending device

Technical field

The utility model relates to a kind of rescue emergency tool, relates in particular to a kind of skyscraper lifesaving life-saving slow descending device.

Background technology

Current, quickening along with the urban construction paces, urban land day is becoming tight, force that human high-rise building is more and more to the high-altitude development, but along with people's high-rise ratio of living is increasing, in case uncertain emergency takes place such as fire, earthquake and so on, traditional fire fighter's safety apparatus such as escape devices such as aerial ladder, air cushion can't make high residential building, and the people of office building are withdrawing of safety rapidly.Therefore a kind of can be simple to operate, can be efficient, steadily, life-saving equipment arises at the historic moment.

Present stage is existing to be suitable for the lifesaving appliance of the outside escape of building, slow descending device with the transmission of no electromechanical formula serves as preferred, the electricity consumption Emergency Ladder is namely outside in the building to be installed by sprocket wheel by wall as exempting from outside the building, the top-down chain strip transmission line that chain and the folding ladder that matches are formed, body weight drive sprocket transmission by the escape people, to reach from the purpose of the outside escape that descends of building, but there is the cost height, the shortcoming that maintenance difficulties is big, and conveying people that can only be has from top to down limited the requirement above arriving below the rescue personnel has; All there is shortcoming in the flexible sleeve of escaping in addition in addition; Come in the in addition small sized personal lifesaving descent control device that occurs is characterized in flexibly, can use for individual's escape, but still can't satisfy the requirement that many people escape and upwards transport the rescue personnel; The discloseder car formula life-saving slow descending devices of coming in, though can satisfy the demand of transporting escape personnel and lifesaving personnel up and down, a second carrier person is few, and efficient is low, and structural design is not too reasonable, and poor reliability is for safety hides some dangers for.

Summary of the invention

The utility model purpose is a kind of life-saving slow descending device that utilizes the piston type damping principle of design, and it is rational in infrastructure, and is sturdy and durable, reliable and secure, easy operating, easy to maintenance, can once transport many people's escapes, and guarantee the safety and steady of escaping, the lifesaving personnel in time can also be sent to the scene of the accident.

A kind of life-saving slow descending device that the utility model is designed, mainly by the piston slow descending mechanism, survival capsule, lifesaving platform, steel wire rope, the steel wire rope balancer, the supporting construction underframe, the empty cabin of folding and unfolding mechanism, platform travel mechanism and brake deceleration mechanism form.Lifesaving platform is the steel construction supporter, its base plate laying floor, lifesaving platform is seated on the supporting construction underframe, survival capsule is positioned at the front portion of lifesaving platform, survival capsule is two cabin bodies of pairing, piston slow descending mechanism wherein, the steel wire rope balanced controls, the empty cabin mechanism of folding and unfolding and brake deceleration mechanism are positioned at the rear portion of mobile platform.Tooth bar holder under the platform base, fixing a pair of tooth bar, by meshing with the gear that supports on the underframe, the movement of implementation platform, track girder contacts with the roller set that is fixed on supporting construction, handwheel by the supporting construction underframe shakes then by chain drive, and the gear engagement realizes the movement of lifesaving platform, and the movement that makes platform is safety and steady more.The inlet/outlet of lifesaving platform is located at the rear portion.Steel wire rope passes through directive wheel, with the piston slow descending mechanism, and the steel wire rope balancer, the empty cabin mechanism of folding and unfolding and survival capsule connect into a cover operational system, movement velocity and the direction of motion of piston slow descending mechanism control survival capsule, the steel wire balancer, the empty cabin of folding and unfolding mechanism is used for realizing survival capsule initial launch state.Cardinal principle is to use steel wire rope with survival capsule, the reel at the back top of mobile platform, and the empty cabin of steel wire rope balancer and folding and unfolding mechanism couples together, and makes it constitute an operational system.

Lifesaving platform in the designed life-saving slow descending device of the utility model is whole steel construction, in the lifesaving platform porch foot of ladder is arranged, the escape personnel can enter platform from foot of ladder, also has a push-and-pull flat board in addition, during use platform is shaken out, pull out flat board and ride on the ground, can go up the people or car for disabled persons is pushed.The high strength glass plate is arranged around the lifesaving platform, both sides also are provided with glider glass window, can ventilate, deck roof is equipped with sunshading board, lay solar panels simultaneously, track girder is fixed on the base plate bottom, the lower surface of track girder be fixed on the roller that supports on the underframe and cooperate, supporting underframe and building fixes, platform travel mechanism is installed on and supports on the underframe, lifesaving platform is realized moving forward and backward of lifesaving platform by the control of platform travel mechanism, in use platform is shaken out, after finishing using platform is regained.Tooth bar holder under the platform base, fixing a pair of tooth bar, by meshing with the gear that supports on the underframe, the movement of implementation platform, track girder contacts with the roller set that is fixed on supporting construction, handwheel by the supporting construction underframe shakes then by chain drive, and the gear engagement realizes the movement of lifesaving platform; Platform travel mechanism is mainly by tooth bar, gear, chain, sprocket wheel, the one-level decelerator, compositions such as handwheel, decelerator wherein, handwheel is fixed in support base shelf structure one side, decelerator one end output shaft cooperates with minor sprocket, lower sprocket drives hinge wheel by chain, and hinge wheel is driven gear again, thereby the wheel and rack engagement drives the receipts of platform and puts.

Above-mentioned platform travel mechanism is mainly by tooth bar, gear, and chain, sprocket wheel, the one-level decelerator, handwheel is formed.The tooth bar number is 2, and symmetry is installed on two track girders, and decelerator is fixed on and supports on the underframe, and input connects handwheel, and output connects minor sprocket, by rotating handwheel, drives chain, and chain is driven gear again, wheel and rack engagement, the movement of implementation platform.

Piston slow descending mechanism in the designed life-saving slow descending device of the utility model mainly is by piston; power transmission shaft; cable drum; support; protective cover is formed; mechanism is installed in the protective cover on it; mechanism's overall fixed is in the platform rear portion; piston is four; be symmetrically distributed in the platform both sides; every side is two; power transmission shaft is concentric with cable drum and fixedly connected, and the drive cable drum by steel wire rope rotates, and the rotation of cable drum drives the power transmission shaft that connects firmly with it; at two of turning cylinder a rotating disk is installed respectively; two pistons of every side are connected to eccentric rod on the rotating disk by connecting rod, move reciprocatingly thereby the rotation by rotating disk drives two pistons, in the motion process; the size of the gas outlet bottom regulating piston realizes the size adjustment of the piston resistance of motion, thereby makes piston motion under certain resistance realize that the slow of survival capsule falls.Require high strength so this mechanism is critical component, high reliability guarantees that the running of system is reliable and stable.

Piston in the piston type slow descending mechanism is the higher air rammer of the good intensity of sealing.

One end of the power transmission shaft that connects firmly with cable drum also has a gear-box, by the gear engagement rotation is input to braking mechanism, pulling brake handgrip, and braking mechanism will produce friction, thus generation brake force, the realization system is decelerated to brake.

Solar panels are laid at top at lifesaving platform, can be with storage of solar energy in battery, for using with motor of the empty cabin of folding and unfolding and folding and unfolding lifesaving platform.

Survival capsule in the designed piston type life-saving slow descending device of the utility model is mainly by the lifesaving platform part-structure framework corresponding with survival capsule, survival capsule cabin body, control decline handgrip, the brake handgrip, the lock dog of suspention cabin body, the expansion link of four suspension usefulness, steel wire rope track, steel wire rope track handwheel, mechanisms such as the anti-collision block in spring damper and top form.The structural framing of mobile platform is fixed in the platform front portion, for each survival capsule, the structural framing both sides are equipped with steel wire rope track rope sheave, the steel wire rope track twines thereon, can the steel wire rope track be put down with handwheel during use, rail effect is to escape compartment guiding and fixing, prevents that it from swinging aloft.Structural framing top also is equipped with anti-collision block and four expansion links, and four expansion links are symmetrically distributed, two of sides, cooperates with lock dog can be effectively fixing survival capsule, control the folding of padlock mechanism by the step-down operation handgrip that is installed on a side.The survival capsule porch is equipped with sliding door, plays a protective role.The steel wire rope directive wheel also is equipped with on survival capsule top, and the lifting of manned capsule body is controlled in the folding and unfolding of the steel wire rope by passing directive wheel.The directive wheel of cabin body is distributed in the both sides of cabin body and structural framing, cooperates with the steel wire rope track that is wound in the track rope-winding wheel, realizes the function of guiding and stabilizing cabin body.Steel wire rope track rope sheave fixed form is that an end is fixed and is wound on the steel wire rope track rope sheave, and the steel wire rope track other end is equipped with a grasp, during use it is put down, and the pre-buried hook of grasp end hook residence face, thus dragline is stretching.The effect of damping leg is the effect of playing damping, buffering when the cabin body lands, and the damping leg is positioned at body bottom, cabin, totally 4.

In the designed life-saving slow descending device of the utility model, the steel wire rope jacking system is by directive wheel, steel wire rope balancer, cable drum, and compositions such as the empty cabin mechanism of folding and unfolding and motor, steel wire rope is 4, is divided into two groups, the operations of a survival capsule of per two control; Every group of steel wire rope twines and the one end is fixed on the cable drum, the winding direction of two groups of steel wire ropes is opposite, the other end of steel wire rope passes the directive wheel that is fixed on platform directive wheel and survival capsule, cooperate with regulating wheel and the directive wheel of corresponding steel wire rope balancer respectively, wherein an end of one group of steel wire rope is fixed on the balancer, another group steel wire rope stretches out balancer, twines and is fixed on the cable drum in the empty cabin of folding and unfolding.

Above-mentioned steel wire rope balancer is mainly by casing, governor motion and directive wheel are formed, wherein directive wheel and governor motion are fixed on the wheel seat, be fixedly mounted in the casing by wheel seat, governor motion is by spring, wheel seat, regulating wheel, connecting steel wire constitutes, two steel wire ropes of a survival capsule come balance by a balancer, governor motion is the tension adjustment of stretching to realize steel wire rope by regulating spring, and the steel wire rope of one of them survival capsule is directly fixed on the balancer through behind the balancer, and another survival capsule then passes on the wire reel that balancer twined and be fixed on the empty cabin of folding and unfolding mechanism.

The empty cabin of folding and unfolding of the present utility model mechanism is mainly by cable drum, main shaft, ratchet mechanism, handwheel, sprocket wheel, motor, compositions such as friction box.This mechanism's outer cover protective cover; cable drum; ratchet mechanism; the handwheel sprocket wheel, all on same axis, wherein ratchet mechanism is release mechanism to the friction box; the empty cabin of folding and unfolding mechanism can manual operation and electric operating; the friction box is reducing gear, is furnished with clutch shaft, the smooth and easy safety of operation when having guaranteed folding and unfolding sky cabin.

For strengthening security, eliminate fear, increase aesthetic property, block with high-intensity glass plate around the lifesaving platform, respectively there is a slide glass window platform both sides simultaneously, can be used for ventilated.

The traffic direction of two survival capsules of the life-saving slow descending device that the utility model is designed is opposite.

The designed life-saving slow descending device of the utility model can be installed in the top layer platform of building or certain one deck at floor middle part, life-saving slow descending device is positioned at interior of building at ordinary times, do not influence the overall appearance of building, when emergency is used, the handwheel of the platform travel mechanism of rotatable life-saving slow descending device, rapidly lifesaving platform is shifted out, the building body is stretched out in the mobile platform front portion.By cable wire track rope sheave the cable wire track of survival capsule both sides is put to ground, the hook that the grasp of track end and ground is pre-buried is fixed, tension cable wire track, operate the empty cabin of folding and unfolding mechanism then, make a survival capsule drop to ground, what this moment, the escape personnel can be orderly enters lifesaving platform in batches, enter another manned capsule body, the personnel of lifesaving simultaneously can enter survival capsule on ground, after personnel enter the lifesaving hatch door in the lifesaving platform is shut, pull the step-down operation handle, the manned capsule body descends under the effect of gravity, and this moment, another manned capsule body rose to platform.In the process that descends, the gravity of manned capsule body is converted into torsional interaction in cable drum by steel wire rope, by the power transmission shaft that connects firmly with reel, drive the rotating disk at power transmission shaft two ends, eccentric shaft on the rotating disk of every end drives two pistons and moves reciprocatingly in cylinder, by regulating the venthole of cylinder bottom, piston is moved reciprocatingly in cylinder under the certain speed, thereby the speed that the control survival capsule descends descends it in certain safety speed.When manned capsule body descends, another cabin body will rise, and personnel bring to platform with lifesaving, and this device can back and forth move, and constantly the escape personnel be transferred to ground and the lifesaving personnel are brought in the platform.

After finishing using, can survival capsule cabin body all be retracted in the platform by the empty cabin of operation folding and unfolding mechanism, and by lock dog the cabin body overhang be put in place, the handwheel that shakes platform travel mechanism then is retracted to original position with it.Ground is equipped with buffing pad, and this buffing pad plays the effect of buffering to the survival capsule that be about to land, and makes when landing more steadily, does not have too big impact.

The advantage of the utility model life-saving slow descending device is:

1, rational in infrastructure, simple to operate, stable, safe and reliable, the method for operation is similar to elevator.

2, be not subjected to the external environment variable effect, sturdy and durable, be easy to safeguard that can be repeatedly used, lifesaving efficient height is conducive to colony's escape.

3, energy savings mustn't external power supply, does not produce operating cost.

4, adopt closed car design, increase security, eliminate the fear of escape.

When 5, this device uses part is exposed outside the building, will be recovered to after finishing using in the building, do not influence the aesthetic property in building.Can be widely used in the skyscraper.

Description of drawings

The overall structure figure of Fig. 1, life-saving slow descending device.

The side view of Fig. 2, life-saving slow descending device.

The front view of Fig. 3, life-saving slow descending device.

The structural profile schematic diagram of Fig. 4, piston slow descending mechanism.

Fig. 5, escape capsule structure schematic diagram.

Fig. 6, platform travel mechanism structure chart.

Fig. 7, the transmission shaft structure figure of platform travel mechanism.

Fig. 8, balancer structure chart figure.

Fig. 9, brake structure schematic diagram.

Figure 10, the empty cabin structure figure of folding and unfolding.

Figure 11, piston slow descending mechanism schematic diagram.

Figure 12, total system schematic diagram.

The specific embodiment

In conjunction with specific embodiments life-saving slow descending device structure of the present utility model and embodiment are described further with reference to the accompanying drawings below.

Embodiment:

Life-saving slow descending device such as accompanying drawing 1,2 shown in, mainly by the braking mechanism I, the survival capsule II, piston slow descending mechanism III, the balancer IV, the empty cabin of folding and unfolding mechanism V, platform travel mechanism VI supports the underframe VII, mobile platform VIII, formations such as steel cable directive wheel.Mobile lifesaving platform VIII is whole steel construction, blocks with safety glass all around, and push pull type window is installed in both sides simultaneously, base plate is according to the floor 72 of client and actual conditions laying, the survival capsule II is symmetrically distributed as shown in the figure, adds up to two, is positioned at the front portion of lifesaving platform.Piston type slow descending mechanism III, the balancer IV, the empty cabin of folding and unfolding mechanism V is fixedly installed in the rear portion of lifesaving platform; Steel wire rope by directive wheel shown in Figure 1 with piston type slow descending mechanism III, the balancer IV, the empty cabin mechanism's V of folding and unfolding and survival capsule II are connected into an operational system, piston type slow descending mechanism III is by the elevating movement of steel wire rope control survival capsule.

Lifesaving platform in the life-saving slow descending device such as Fig. 1, shown in 2, mainly be welded by rectangular steel pipe 73, glass sliding door (not drawing among the figure) can be installed in the platform porch, track girder 81 is fixed on the lifesaving platform bottom, track girder matches with being installed in the roller set 71 that supports on the underframe, and mobile platform can be moved on support underframe.By as Fig. 1, the platform travel mechanism VI shown in 6,7 is rotated handwheel 61 and can be made mobile platform mobile before and after on roller set.

Platform travel mechanism such as Fig. 1, shown in 6,7, mainly by handwheel 61, speed changer 62, minor sprocket 65, hinge wheel 67, chain 66, gear 68 and tooth bar 69 constitute.69 pairings of gear 68 and tooth bar, totally two overlap respectively that symmetry is installed on both sides, have increased this mechanism stability, as Fig. 1, handwheel shown in 6,7 61 is installed in decelerator 62 inputs, decelerator output termination power transmission shaft 64, minor sprocket 65 is installed in power transmission shaft 64 middle parts, connect big minor sprocket by chain, hinge wheel 67 is installed in hinge wheel axle middle part, and a gear 68 is respectively installed at hinge wheel axle two ends, with gear engagement be that 69, two tooth bars of tooth bar connect firmly bottom the mobile platform by mount pad 610 respectively.So just can move by implementation platform.

Piston slow descending mechanism such as Fig. 2 in the life-saving slow descending device are shown in 4,11, mainly by cable drum 31, air rammer 33, travelling gear 34, power transmission shaft 35, rotating disk 36, compositions such as connecting rod 37 and piston stifled 38, as shown in Figure 4, cable drum 31 is installed on the power transmission shaft 35, and an end of steel wire rope fixedly is wound on the cable drum 31, the lower end is through the steel wire rope guide wheel, the survival capsule II, the balancer IV is fixed on the cable drum 53 and balancer IV of the empty cabin of folding and unfolding mechanism V.By the rotation of power transmission shaft, drive the rotating disk 36 at power transmission shaft two ends, rotating disk is by eccentric shaft drivening rod 37, and connecting rod 37 is hinged with piston, moves back and forth thereby drive piston 33, can realize the adjusting of speed simultaneously by regulating piston stifled 38.Its schematic diagram as shown in figure 11.

Life-saving slow descending device is regained at the back useable electric moter of finishing using, and motor is by storage battery power supply, and battery can be charged by solar panel again, solar panel can be laid on mobile platform VIII top, survival capsule mechanism II such as Fig. 1 in the life-saving slow descending device, 3, shown in 5, mainly by manned capsule body 24, lock dog 23-2, expansion link 23-1, guide wheel 210, damper 22, sliding door 211, steel wire rope track rope-winding wheel 92, decline handle 21 and mobile platform counterpart framework constitute.Expansion link is fixed on mobile platform VIII top, lock dog is fixed on cabin body 24 tops, the guide wheel 210 that cooperates with two groups of hanging steel ropes in addition of cabin body top as shown in the figure in addition, there are some steel wire rope track guide wheels 91 both sides of cabin body, are used for cooperating with the steel wire rope dragline, make at people cabin body to be unlikely to rock in the decline process, porch at people cabin body is equipped with sliding door 211, body bottom in cabin is equipped with bradyseism device 22, totally four, is installed in four angles of cabin body respectively.There is protective plate the mobile platform framework both sides corresponding with the cabin body, in the both sides corresponding with the cabin body, a steel wire rope track rope-winding wheel 92 are arranged respectively as shown in Figure 5, in order to folding and unfolding steel wire rope dragline, of each cabin body step-down operation handgrip 21 are installed.Steel wire rope is by 210 and slow descending mechanism, balancer, and the empty cabin of folding and unfolding mechanism etc. is connected to an operational system.

Survival capsule II such as Fig. 1,3, shown in 5, several steel wire rope guide wheels respectively are equipped with in both sides, in order to cooperate with the steel wire rope dragline, play and in the process that descends, place its effect of rocking, wherein steel wire rope dragline one end is fastened on steel wire rope track rope-winding wheel 92, and the other end is equipped with grasp, and the hook pre-buried with ground is connected, thereby form the track that the cabin body descends, guaranteed the stability in the decline process.

Braking mechanism in the life-saving slow descending device as shown in Figure 9, by steel wire rope 15, brake shoes 11, connecting rod 17, baffle plate 16, spring 13, pull bar 14 and the brake handgrip composition that is installed in the mobile platform front portion, rotating shaft passes through Bevel Gear Transmission, brake shoes is fixed on the mobile platform top by bearing pin, connecting rod, pull bar connect with bearing pin as shown in Figure 9, and spring plays reset response.In when brake, pulling brake handgrip, with the steel wire rope tension, brake shoes will with the rotating shaft friction, thereby play the effect of deceleration.

The balancer IV of life-saving slow descending device as shown in Figure 8, mainly by casing 43, spring 41, wheel seat 42, guide wheel 44 compositions such as grade, this balancer internal trolley group is totally two rows, every row is passed by a steel wire and connects, wherein principle as shown in Figure 12, spring can tighten up and loosen steel wire rope by the adjusting to pull of steel wire, simultaneously the middle part of right-hand member as shown in Figure 8 is two steel wire rope guide wheels, steel cable passes one, the wheel seat of these two guide wheels has a bit of steel wire rope to connect again, and is poor by two pull of steel wire, regulates the tensioning degree of every steel wire rope.Thereby realize its equilibrium function.

The empty cabin of folding and unfolding in life-saving slow descending device mechanism V as shown in figure 10, mainly by the empty cabin of folding and unfolding handwheel 51, hinge wheel 52, the empty cabin of folding and unfolding cable drum 53, friction lid 54, brake pad 55, power transmission shaft 56, base 57 and protective cover (not shown) are formed.Cable drum, hinge wheel, be fixedly mounted on the power transmission shaft, friction lid 54 is fixed by base, brake pad 55 is connected with power transmission shaft by special-shaped axis 58, and handwheel is connected with power transmission shaft by special-shaped axis 59, and wherein rub box and brake pad can play the effect of deceleration when folding and unfolding, special-shaped axis 58 extracted or advance can make brake pad be connected and break away from power transmission shaft, same handwheel can be realized and being connected and disengaging of power transmission shaft by special-shaped axis 59.Special-shaped axis 58 will push in when putting down the sky cabin, and special-shaped axis 59 will be extracted; Special-shaped axis 58 will be extracted when packing up the sky cabin, and special-shaped axis 59 will push in.

Steel wire rope in the life-saving slow descending device connects situation and directive wheel scheme of installation as shown in figure 12, and mainly by the steel wire rope directive wheel, steel wire rope is formed.Steel wire rope is divided into two groups every group two by on the wire reel that is fastened in the piston slow descending mechanism, and two groups winding direction is opposite, and wherein one group of other end passes directive wheel, survival capsule, and balancer, and be fixed on the balancer; Another group is passed directive wheel, survival capsule, and balancer, the empty cabin of folding and unfolding mechanism, and fixedly be wrapped on the wire reel in the empty cabin of folding and unfolding, forming an operational system. each manned capsule body is by two steel wire rope control operations.

Present embodiment can be installed on it on platform of top of building or suitably local in the floor in use.When accident need be escaped immediately, can shake the handwheel 61 of platform travel mechanism rapidly, lifesaving platform VIII head is shifted out outside the building, shake the steel wire rope-winding wheel 92 of manned capsule body both sides then fast, put down the steel wire rope track rapidly, it is firm that hook pre-buried on track lower end grasp and the ground is connected, and pulls out the special-shaped axis 59 on the handwheel in the empty cabin of folding and unfolding, pull the decline handgrip of corresponding survival capsule, make sky cabin body drop to ground along orbit of steel wire; The escape personnel enters another survival capsule in batches then, closes hatch door, pulls the decline handgrip then, and this moment, the manned capsule body descended under the gravity effect, and ground rises on the empty cabin.In the decline process, the cable drum that the steel wire rope of suspention survival capsule will drive in the slow descending mechanism rotates, and then four pistons that drive two ends do the reciprocating motion of damping, and then makes the decline of survival capsule obtain deceleration, and keeps a stable decrease speed.The balancer IV will be carried out balance to the tension force of suspension wire simultaneously, make the elasticity of every steel wire relatively stable; The buffer 22 of survival capsule bottom will play the effect of buffering to landing, thereby make the survival capsule safe landing.Lifeguard below also can enter the survival capsule of landing, takes advantage of this cabin to arrive the building upper strata, implements rescue.So circulation, this system can finish the lifesaving task efficiently.The cabin body that rises will promote expansion link and shrink when running to the top, the cabin body continues the rising expansion link and sets back, and under the stopping of lock dog, expansion link hangs survival capsule, prevents its decline.Have only after the escape personnel enters, pull decline handgrip 21 again, this cabin body will descend under the gravity effect.

The life-saving slow descending device of present embodiment design is after application is finished, and the handwheel that both can use manpower to rotate the empty cabin of folding and unfolding is regained the cabin body, rotates handwheel, and following survival capsule will rise, and survival capsule rises to the top, and lock dog is hung the jail with the cabin body.Can also adopt simultaneously motor to regain the cabin body to the top, hang the jail, then motor cut out.This mechanism can add the ratchet and pawl arrangement (not shown), and it is locked with reel to pull ratchet at last, prevents that it is loosening.

Support underframe in the present embodiment can be customized according to customer demand and field condition, thereby guarantee that it is attractive in appearance, and is reliable, convenient, and is fit to special building, the needs of particular client.Can be set to the foot of ladder formula and also can be swash plate face formula and enter for the instrument of various belt wheel supporting underframe import department.

Drawn by above-mentioned argumentation, the lifesaving appliance in the present embodiment is rational in infrastructure, compactness, and humanization designing, simple to operation, the service efficiency height does not need external power supply, energy savings, environmental protection can realize reciprocal operation, the efficient height.Life-saving slow descending device in the present embodiment is reliable and secure, and maintenance maintenance is convenient, is fit to wide popularization and application.

Above-described embodiment is illustrating of the utility model design, and protection domain is as the criterion with claim.

Claims (9)

1. high-rise life saving slow descending device is mainly by piston slow descending mechanism, survival capsule, lifesaving platform, steel wire rope, steel wire rope balancer, supporting construction underframe, the empty cabin of folding and unfolding mechanism, platform travel mechanism, brake deceleration mechanism forms, and it is characterized by the front portion that survival capsule is positioned at lifesaving platform, survival capsule is two cabin bodies of pairing, piston descending lifeline mechanism wherein, steel wire rope balanced controls, the empty cabin of folding and unfolding mechanism, brake deceleration mechanism, be positioned at the rear portion of mobile platform, cardinal principle is to use steel wire rope with survival capsule, the reel at the back top of mobile platform, the empty cabin of steel wire rope balancer and folding and unfolding mechanism couples together, and makes it constitute an operational system.
2. high-rise life saving slow descending device according to claim 1, be further characterized in that: lifesaving platform is whole steel construction, tooth bar holder under the platform base, fixing a pair of tooth bar, by with the gear engagement of supporting on the underframe, the movement of implementation platform, track girder contacts with the roller set that is fixed on supporting construction, handwheel by the supporting construction underframe shakes then by chain drive, and the gear engagement realizes the movement of lifesaving platform; Platform travel mechanism is mainly by tooth bar, gear, chain, sprocket wheel, the one-level decelerator, compositions such as handwheel, decelerator wherein, handwheel is fixed in support base shelf structure one side, decelerator one end output shaft cooperates with minor sprocket, lower sprocket drives hinge wheel by chain, and hinge wheel is driven gear again, thereby the wheel and rack engagement drives the receipts of platform and puts.
3. high-rise life saving slow descending device according to claim 1; be further characterized in that: the piston slow descending mechanism in this device is mainly by piston; power transmission shaft; cable drum; support; protective cover is formed; piston is four; be symmetrically distributed in the platform both sides; every side is two; mechanism is installed in the protective cover on it; power transmission shaft is concentric with cable drum and fixedly connected the drive cable drum rotation of steel wire rope, the power transmission shaft that the rotation drive of cable drum connects firmly with it; at two of turning cylinder a rotating disk is installed respectively; two pistons of every side are connected to eccentric rod on the rotating disk by connecting rod, move reciprocatingly thereby the rotation by rotating disk drives two pistons, in the motion process; the size of the gas outlet bottom regulating piston realizes the size adjustment of the piston resistance of motion, thereby makes piston motion under certain resistance realize that the slow of survival capsule falls.
4. high-rise life saving slow descending device according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: an end of the power transmission shaft that connects firmly with cable drum also has a gear-box, by the gear engagement rotation is input to braking mechanism, pulling brake handgrip, braking mechanism will produce friction, thereby generation brake force realizes the brake that is decelerated to of system.
5. high-rise life saving slow descending device according to claim 1 is characterized in that: around the lifesaving platform high strength glass plate is arranged, both sides also are provided with glider glass window, can ventilate; Deck roof is equipped with sunshading board, lays solar panels simultaneously, can be with storage of solar energy in battery, for using with motor of the empty cabin of folding and unfolding and folding and unfolding lifesaving platform.
6. high-rise life saving slow descending device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: survival capsule is mainly by the lifesaving platform part-structure framework corresponding with survival capsule, survival capsule cabin body, control decline handgrip, brake handgrip, the lock dog of suspention cabin body, and the expansion link of four suspension usefulness, steel wire rope track, steel wire rope track handwheel, spring damper, mechanisms such as the anti-collision block in top form; The structural framing of mobile platform is fixed in the platform front portion, for each survival capsule, the structural framing both sides are equipped with steel wire rope track rope sheave, the steel wire rope track twines thereon, can the steel wire rope track be put down with handwheel during use, the steel wire rope rail effect is to escape compartment guiding and fixing, prevent that it from swinging aloft, structural framing top also is equipped with anti-collision block and four expansion links, four expansion links are symmetrically distributed, two of one sides cooperate effectively fixedly survival capsule with lock dog, control the folding of padlock mechanism by the step-down operation handgrip that is installed on a side, the survival capsule porch is equipped with sliding door, play a protective role, the steel wire rope directive wheel also is equipped with on survival capsule top, and the lifting of manned capsule body is controlled in the folding and unfolding of the steel wire rope by passing directive wheel; The directive wheel of cabin body is distributed in the both sides of cabin body and structural framing, cooperate with the steel wire rope track that is wound in steel wire rope track rope sheave, realize the function of guiding and stabilizing cabin body, steel wire rope track rope sheave fixed form is that an end is fixed and on steel wire rope track rope sheave in addition, the steel wire rope track other end is equipped with a grasp, during use it is put down, the pre-buried hook of grasp end hook residence face, the effect of damping leg is the effect of playing damping, buffering when the cabin body lands, the damping leg is positioned at body bottom, cabin, totally 4.
7. high-rise life saving slow descending device according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the lifting of survival capsule is by steel wire rope, directive wheel, steel wire rope balancer, cable drum, the empty cabin of folding and unfolding mechanism controls jointly, and steel wire rope is 4, be divided into two groups, the operation of a survival capsule of per two control; Every group of steel wire rope twines and the one end is fixed on the cable drum, the winding direction of two groups of steel wire ropes is opposite, the other end passes the directive wheel that is fixed on platform and the directive wheel of survival capsule, cooperate with regulating wheel and the directive wheel of corresponding steel wire rope balancer respectively, wherein an end of one group of steel wire rope passes and is fixed on the balancer, another group steel wire rope stretches out balancer, twines and is fixed on the cable drum in the empty cabin of folding and unfolding.
8. high-rise life saving slow descending device according to claim 7 is further characterized in that: balancer is by casing, governor motion, and directive wheel is formed; Directive wheel and governor motion are fixed on the wheel seat, and governor motion is by spring, wheel seat, and regulating wheel connects steel wire and constitutes; The empty cabin of folding and unfolding mechanism is mainly by cable drum, main shaft, ratchet mechanism, handwheel, sprocket wheel, motor, compositions such as friction box, this mechanism's outer cover protective cover, cable drum, ratchet mechanism, the handwheel sprocket wheel, the friction box is all on same axis, wherein ratchet mechanism is release mechanism, the empty cabin of folding and unfolding mechanism can manual operation and electric operating, and the friction box is reducing gear, is furnished with clutch shaft; The smooth and easy safety of operation when the empty cabin of whole folding and unfolding mechanism has guaranteed folding and unfolding sky cabin.
9. high-rise life saving slow descending device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: in the lifesaving platform porch foot of ladder is arranged, the escape personnel can enter platform from foot of ladder, also has a push-and-pull flat board in addition, during use platform is shaken out, pull out flat board and ride on the ground, can go up the people or car for disabled persons is pushed.
CN2012205122637U 2012-10-09 2012-10-09 High-rise escape slow descent device CN203043352U (en)

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104056368A (en) * 2014-07-04 2014-09-24 王瑞琪 High-rise escape system
CN105459125A (en) * 2015-12-20 2016-04-06 华南理工大学 High-altitude rescue robot system based on Internet and fast rescue method of high-altitude rescue robot system
CN107951668A (en) * 2017-12-29 2018-04-24 李建林 A kind of bone surgery leg lifting gear
CN107952182A (en) * 2017-12-29 2018-04-24 潘爱平 A kind of fire escape device for high-rise buildings
CN107982806A (en) * 2017-12-29 2018-05-04 张瀚文 A kind of lifesaving appliance
CN108046113A (en) * 2017-12-29 2018-05-18 潘爱平 A kind of elevator
CN108186270A (en) * 2017-12-29 2018-06-22 威海市妇幼保健院(威海市立第二医院、威海市妇女儿童医院) A kind of device of water confinement
CN108217226A (en) * 2017-12-29 2018-06-29 日照轩宜信息科技有限公司 A kind of freight house charging machinery
CN108209592A (en) * 2017-12-29 2018-06-29 刘丹赤 A kind of food processing charging device

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104056368A (en) * 2014-07-04 2014-09-24 王瑞琪 High-rise escape system
CN104056368B (en) * 2014-07-04 2017-04-26 王瑞琪 High-rise escape system
CN105459125A (en) * 2015-12-20 2016-04-06 华南理工大学 High-altitude rescue robot system based on Internet and fast rescue method of high-altitude rescue robot system
CN107951668A (en) * 2017-12-29 2018-04-24 李建林 A kind of bone surgery leg lifting gear
CN107952182A (en) * 2017-12-29 2018-04-24 潘爱平 A kind of fire escape device for high-rise buildings
CN107982806A (en) * 2017-12-29 2018-05-04 张瀚文 A kind of lifesaving appliance
CN108046113A (en) * 2017-12-29 2018-05-18 潘爱平 A kind of elevator
CN108186270A (en) * 2017-12-29 2018-06-22 威海市妇幼保健院(威海市立第二医院、威海市妇女儿童医院) A kind of device of water confinement
CN108217226A (en) * 2017-12-29 2018-06-29 日照轩宜信息科技有限公司 A kind of freight house charging machinery
CN108209592A (en) * 2017-12-29 2018-06-29 刘丹赤 A kind of food processing charging device
CN107951668B (en) * 2017-12-29 2020-03-03 莒县人民医院 Leg lifting device for orthopedic operation

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