CN202685351U - Straw compactor - Google Patents

Straw compactor Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202685351U
CN202685351U CN 201220300166 CN201220300166U CN202685351U CN 202685351 U CN202685351 U CN 202685351U CN 201220300166 CN201220300166 CN 201220300166 CN 201220300166 U CN201220300166 U CN 201220300166U CN 202685351 U CN202685351 U CN 202685351U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
stalk
compression roll
compacting machine
straw
stalk compacting
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN 201220300166
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈华
Original Assignee
陈华
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 陈华 filed Critical 陈华
Priority to CN 201220300166 priority Critical patent/CN202685351U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202685351U publication Critical patent/CN202685351U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a straw compactor for straw processing, and aims to solve the problems of complex structure, high blockage rage, low reliability and durability and equipment maintenance and repair difficulty of the conventional straw processing equipment. The straw compactor comprises a rack, a feed hopper, an execution mechanism, a transmission mechanism and a cutting mechanism, wherein the execution mechanism at least comprises a feeding channel communicated with the feed hopper and a pair of compaction rollers; the compaction rollers are connected with the transmission mechanism; a stock supporting plate is arranged at the discharge ends of the compaction rollers; and the cutting mechanism is arranged behind the stock supporting plate. The straw compactor has the characteristics of simple structure, low blockage rate, high reliability and durability, convenience in maintenance and repair and automatic swallowing capability.

Description

The stalk compacting machine
Technical field
The utility model belongs to agricultural machinery, relates to specifically a kind of stalk compacting machine, is used for the compacting of stalk.
Background technology
Development along with agricultural production; grain yield significantly improves; stalk quantity also increases; burn coal in addition and use popularizing of liquefied gas; making has a large amount of stalks more than needed in the rural area, adopting burning is the Main Means of Treating straw, and it produces a large amount of heavy smogs; not only become the bottleneck problem of rural environmental protection, even become the arch-criminal of bringing disaster to urban environment, hindering aviation.In fact, the key of problem is that the comprehensive development and utilization rate of agricultural crop straw is low.Be exactly that stalk is fluffy and cause a low reason of stalk comprehensive development and utilization rate, be not easy to transportation and keeping.
Application number is 0226904.0, Granted publication day is the rod extruder for stalks on August 27th, 2003, comprise main shaft, shell, bearing, its shell inner main axis one end is equipped with the fixing star-like turntable mounting of bolt, star-like turntable mounting is equipped with the extruding wheel shaft away from center-side, and is fixed wtih the center with bolt the toothed squeegee roller of bearing periphery is housed, and the shell inside circumference has hopper, be installed in the discharging opening with blade on the shell along being uniform-distribution with in one week of skewed slot with screw thread, charging aperture is housed on the outer casing door; With the discharging opening of blade be an end with the blade of spherical crown shape, the screwed pipe of the other end, discharging opening can be 12-24.This rod extruder for stalks can be finished the pulverizing of stalk.
There is following shortcoming in this rod extruder for stalks:
One, rod extruder for stalks complex structure is not easy to large-scale popularization.
Two, the discharging opening of rod extruder for stalks band blade is that an end is with the blade of spherical crown shape.Because may be mingled with hard thing in the agricultural crop straw, such as stone, iron wire etc., cause the damage of blade, affect the effect of stalk processing.Simultaneously, along with the increase of equipment access times and process time, the wearing and tearing of blade also can be on the rise, and finally affect the processing of stalk.Therefore, this equipment dependability and durability are low, and maintenance is inconvenient.
Three, before charging, stalk must cut up with a hay cutter to break and just can enter charging aperture, and the disconnected stalk length afterwards of hand hay cutter must be within certain scope, so that the stalk difficulty of processing is larger.
Four, discharging opening is less, cause easily obstruction, and this rod extruder for stalks does not have anticlogging function, thereby affects the efficient of stalk processing.
Application number is 201020551173.X, Granted publication day is the stalk crasher on April 20th, 2011, comprise frame, transmission device and reducing mechanism, the charging aperture place of stalk crasher arranges propulsion plant, propulsion plant is comprised of turning cylinder and propulsion blades, propulsion blades is fixed on the turning cylinder, and turning cylinder is installed on the frame, and turning cylinder passes through the transmission mechanism driven rotary by the belt in the transmission device.This stalk crasher can gulp down material automatically, has solved the large problem of hand fed labour intensity.
There is following shortcoming in this stalk crasher:
Stalk crasher has increased material-pulling device at charging aperture, makes complicated structure.
The utility model content
For existing stalk process equipment complex structure, stop up easily, reliability and durability are low, the problem of corrective maintenance maintenance difficult, it is a kind of simple in structure that the purpose of this utility model is to provide, be difficult for stopping up, reliability and durability are high, and maintenance makes things convenient for and can automatically gulp down the stalk compacting machine of material.
The utility model stalk compacting machine is achieved through the following technical solutions:
A kind of stalk compacting machine comprises frame, feed hopper, executing agency, transmission mechanism and material cutting mechanism, it is characterized in that: described executing agency comprises feeding-passage and an a pair of compression roll with feed hopper UNICOM at least, and compression roll is connected with transmission mechanism; The compression roll discharge end is provided with stock supporting plate, and material cutting mechanism is arranged on the stock supporting plate rear.
The utility model also has following technical characterictic.
Be provided with a pair of just pressure roller in the described feeding-passage, the spacing of two first pressure rollers is greater than the spacing of two compression rolls.
Described compression roll rotating shaft is provided with rack-mounted pressure-bearing spring, and first pressure roller rotating shaft is provided with rack-mounted support spring.
Described support spring top is provided with adjusting nut.
Described transmission mechanism is belt transmission, chain transmission or gear drive, or their combination, and motor or diesel engine or other power set are adopted in the power input, also reducing gear can be set.
Specifically, described transmission mechanism comprises a belt wheel that is connected with power-equipment, in the rotating shaft of belt wheel driving gear is set, and in the compression roll rotating shaft driven gear is set, driving gear and driven gear engagement.
Described compression roll disposes scraper.
Described material cutting mechanism comprises cutting knife, moving lever, cutting knife by about two consist of, and be flexibly connected with two moving levers, moving lever is connected with handle or power set.
Described compression roll uses the material of high abrasion, high strength, high tenacity to forge moulding.
The stalk compacting machine course of work of the present utility model is: in the middle of first stalk being pressed into first pressure roller from feed hopper, fluffy, mixed and disorderly stalk is pressed into the shape of comparison standard, when stalk enters by the compression roll of transmission mechanism driven rotary, just pressure roller just can gulp down material automatically by the pulling force driven rotary that the compression roll that rotates produces.Behind compression roll, stalk is pressed into sheet stalk sheet, the stalk sheet out after, through material cutting mechanism, cut into the length that needs.Material cutting mechanism will be lifted on the handle first during blank by manually-operated, drives moving lever and rises, and cutting knife is shunk, and cutting knife is stretched out after rising to the stalk sheet, during the length that needs to stalk, handle toward pressing down, with straw cutting, is finished process.
The utlity model has following beneficial effect:
One, the stalk compacting machine that provides of the utility model comprises frame, feed hopper, executing agency, transmission mechanism and material cutting mechanism, can be efficiently with fluffy, and mixed and disorderly stalk is pressed into sheet, so that the transportation of stalk and keeping.Compare with existing stalk process equipment, have advantage simple in structure.
Two, this stalk compacting machine adopts the synchronous symmetrical mechanics design of pressure roller, finishes the process that stalk is processed by the extruding of two compression rolls, has the high characteristics of reliability and durability.
Three, in the middle of this stalk compacting machine is pressed into just pressure roller with stalk from charging aperture first, when stalk drives the compression roll of choosing dress by transmission mechanism, the pulling force driven rotary that first pressure roller is produced by the compression roll that rotates, thereby can automatically gulp down material.And stalk can directly enter feed hopper, needs the disconnected problem of stalk hand hay cutter before having solved existing process equipment processing, and this stalk compacting machine uses convenient.
Four, this stalk compacting machine is provided with rack-mounted support spring below being positioned at just pressure roller rotating shaft, and the support spring top is provided with adjusting nut.The rotation adjusting nut can be regulated the distance between the two first pressure rollers, can satisfy the stalk processing of different fluffy degree, has the wide characteristics of the scope of application.
Five, this stalk compacting machine is provided with rack-mounted pressure-bearing spring above being positioned at the compression roll rotating shaft, when the stalk charging too much, when perhaps being mingled with hard thing in the stalk, under the extruding force effect, be positioned at the compression roll extruding pressure-bearing spring of top, so that the distance increase between two compression rolls, thereby occur stopping up stuck phenomenon when avoiding the work of stalk compacting machine.
Six, in the use procedure of this stalk compacting machine, the pressure roller wearing and tearing have effectively prolonged the service life of core component compression roll synchronously, and the material of simultaneously compression roll use high abrasion, high strength, high tenacity forges moulding can satisfy long-time demand of constantly producing.Have long service life, easy to maintenance, maintenance cost is low, reusable advantage after repairing.
Seven, this stalk compacting machine compression roll disposes scraper, can either avoid the stalk of compacting to be bonded on the compression roll, affects the processing of normal stalk, can make the stalk that processes from discharging opening smoothly out simultaneously, in order to avoid the phenomenon that results in blockage.
Eight, this stalk compacting machine is provided with material cutting mechanism, after the stalk compacting, can according to the difference of purposes, cut into different length.
Nine, this stalk compacting machine when work, finish the processing of stalk by the extruding of two compression rolls, have the low advantage of noise.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the utility model stalk compacting machine structural representation.
Fig. 2 is the utility model stalk compacting machine pressing result figure.
Mark among the figure: 1 is moving lever, and 2 is cutting knife, and 3 is the pressure-bearing spring, 4 is scraper, and 5 is compression roll, and 6 is adjusting nut, 7 is first pressure roller, and 8 is feed hopper, and 9 is support spring, 10 is driven gear, and 11 is belt wheel, and 12 is frame, 13 is driving gear, 14 is handle, and 15 is feeding-passage, and 16 is stock supporting plate.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing stalk compacting machine of the present utility model is described further.
A kind of stalk compacting machine comprises frame 12, feed hopper 8, executing agency, transmission mechanism and material cutting mechanism, and described executing agency comprises feeding-passage 16 and an a pair of compression roll 5 with feed hopper UNICOM at least, and compression roll 5 is connected with transmission mechanism; Compression roll 5 discharge ends are provided with stock supporting plate 16, and material cutting mechanism is arranged on stock supporting plate 16 rears.
Be provided with a pair of just pressure roller in the described feeding-passage 15, the spacing of two first pressure rollers 7 is greater than the spacing of two compression rolls 5.
Described compression roll 5 rotating shafts are provided with the pressure-bearing spring 3 that is installed on the frame 12, and first pressure roller 7 rotating shafts are provided with the support spring 9 that is installed on the frame 12.
Described support spring 9 tops are provided with adjusting nut 6.
Described transmission mechanism is belt transmission, chain transmission or gear drive, or their combination, and motor or diesel engine or other power set are adopted in the power input, also reducing gear can be set.Specifically, described transmission mechanism comprises a belt wheel that is connected with power-equipment 11, and driving gear 13 is set in the rotating shaft of belt wheel 11, in compression roll 5 rotating shafts driven gear 10 is set, driving gear and driven gear engagement.
Described compression roll 5 disposes scraper 4.
Described material cutting mechanism comprises cutting knife 2, moving lever 1, cutting knife 2 by about two consist of, and be flexibly connected with two moving levers 1, moving lever 1 is connected with handle 14 or power set.
Described compression roll 5 uses the material of high abrasion, high strength, high tenacity to forge moulding.
The stalk compacting machine course of work of the present utility model is: in the middle of first stalk being pressed into first pressure roller 7 from feed hopper, fluffy, mixed and disorderly stalk is pressed into the shape of comparison standard, when stalk enters by the compression roll 5 of transmission mechanism driven rotary, just pressure roller 7 just can gulp down material automatically by the pulling force driven rotary that the compression roll 5 that rotates produces.Behind compression roll 5, stalk is pressed into sheet stalk sheet, the stalk sheet out after, through material cutting mechanism, cut into the length that needs.Material cutting mechanism will be lifted on the handle 14 first during blank by manually-operated, drives moving lever 1 and rises, and cutting knife 2 is shunk, and cutting knife 2 is stretched out after rising to the stalk sheet, during the length that needs to stalk, handle 14 toward pressing down, with straw cutting, is finished process.

Claims (7)

1. stalk compacting machine, comprise frame (12), feed hopper (8), executing agency, transmission mechanism and material cutting mechanism, it is characterized in that: described executing agency comprises feeding-passage (15) and an a pair of compression roll (5) with feed hopper UNICOM at least, and compression roll (5) is connected with transmission mechanism; Compression roll (5) discharge end is provided with stock supporting plate (16), and material cutting mechanism is arranged on stock supporting plate (16) rear.
2. stalk compacting machine according to claim 1 is characterized in that: be provided with a pair of just pressure roller (7) in the described feeding-passage (15), two just the spacing of pressure rollers (7) greater than the spacing of two compression rolls (5).
3. stalk compacting machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described compression roll (5) rotating shaft is provided with the pressure-bearing spring (3) that is installed on the frame (12), and first pressure roller rotating shaft is provided with the support spring (9) that is installed on the frame (12).
4. it is characterized in that according to claim 1 or 3 described stalk compacting machines: described support spring (9) top is provided with adjusting nut (6).
5. stalk compacting machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described compression roll (5) disposes scraper (4).
6. stalk compacting machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described material cutting mechanism comprises cutting knife (2), moving lever (1), cutting knife (2) by about two consist of, and be flexibly connected with two moving levers (1), moving lever (1) is connected with handle (14) or power set.
7. stalk compacting machine according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described compression roll (5) is to use the material of high abrasion, high strength, high tenacity to forge the compression roll of moulding (5).
CN 201220300166 2012-06-26 2012-06-26 Straw compactor Expired - Fee Related CN202685351U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220300166 CN202685351U (en) 2012-06-26 2012-06-26 Straw compactor

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220300166 CN202685351U (en) 2012-06-26 2012-06-26 Straw compactor

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202685351U true CN202685351U (en) 2013-01-23

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 201220300166 Expired - Fee Related CN202685351U (en) 2012-06-26 2012-06-26 Straw compactor

Country Status (1)

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CN (1) CN202685351U (en)

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103587138A (en) * 2013-10-14 2014-02-19 王洪生 Small straw squeeze forming machine
CN106217565A (en) * 2016-08-08 2016-12-14 刘德平 A kind of environmental protection throwaway chopsticks reclaim compaction apparatus
CN106564212A (en) * 2016-11-15 2017-04-19 长沙新气象自动化技术有限公司 Processing and drying integrated machine for fluorite balls
CN109382880A (en) * 2018-10-08 2019-02-26 佛山市集知汇科技有限公司 A kind of feeding device of stalk braider

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103587138A (en) * 2013-10-14 2014-02-19 王洪生 Small straw squeeze forming machine
CN103587138B (en) * 2013-10-14 2016-03-23 辽宁工程技术大学 Miniature stalk single lead screw ex truding briquetting machine
CN106217565A (en) * 2016-08-08 2016-12-14 刘德平 A kind of environmental protection throwaway chopsticks reclaim compaction apparatus
CN106217565B (en) * 2016-08-08 2018-05-25 泉州成协石材装饰工程有限公司 A kind of environmental protection recycles compaction apparatus with throwaway chopsticks
CN106564212A (en) * 2016-11-15 2017-04-19 长沙新气象自动化技术有限公司 Processing and drying integrated machine for fluorite balls
CN106564212B (en) * 2016-11-15 2019-01-01 长沙新气象自动化技术有限公司 Fluorite pellet processes drying integral machine
CN109382880A (en) * 2018-10-08 2019-02-26 佛山市集知汇科技有限公司 A kind of feeding device of stalk braider

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20130123

Termination date: 20140626

EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model