CN202587942U - Double-purpose box for plant cultivation and root system penetration force experiments - Google Patents

Double-purpose box for plant cultivation and root system penetration force experiments Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202587942U
CN202587942U CN 201220250378 CN201220250378U CN202587942U CN 202587942 U CN202587942 U CN 202587942U CN 201220250378 CN201220250378 CN 201220250378 CN 201220250378 U CN201220250378 U CN 201220250378U CN 202587942 U CN202587942 U CN 202587942U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
root system
root
characterized
force test
lower box
Prior art date
Application number
CN 201220250378
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杜喜春
孙小军
王战平
赵丹
韩波
陈重海
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西安浐灞生态区管理委员会
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Priority to CN 201220250378 priority Critical patent/CN202587942U/en
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Publication of CN202587942U publication Critical patent/CN202587942U/en

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a double-purpose box for plant cultivation and root system penetration force experiments, which comprises an upper box body, a lower transparent box body and a supporting plate, the lower transparent box body is used in cooperation with the upper box body, and the supporting plate is mounted on the upper box body; the supporting plate is a root penetration-resisting plate when being used for plant cultivation, or is a netty partition when being used in a plant root system penetration force experiment, and the root penetration-resisting plate is provided with mounting holes. The structure of the double-purpose box is simple, the design is reasonable, and moreover, the double-purpose box is convenient to use, effectively solves the problems of conventional movable plant cultivation boxes and roof gardens, i.e. great urban water resource consumption, great time and labor consumption and high management and maintenance cost, also can be used as a plant root system penetration force experiment device to solve the problems of the past waterproof material penetration experiment, i.e. long time and poor experiment reliability, reduces the experiment cost, and increases the efficiency and reliability of the experiments.

Description

Plant cultivation and root system puncture force test two-purpose case

Technical field

The utility model relates to a kind of experiment in cultivation device, especially relates to a plant cultivating and root system puncture force test two-purpose case.

Background technology

Less and the rainfall skewness of north city rainfall; Use portable flower bed in a large number on both sides of the road and in roof top garden and the afforestation project in the road; Though played the effect of good beautifying urban environment; But flower bed that these are portable and facility often need frequently water in management process, have increased the weight of the shortage of city water resource, have also increased the cost of labor of maintenance and management link.

The greenery patches, roof is a kind of special garden style, when building, must consider watertight composition and the stopping area protection and the factors such as wind-force destruction and greening maintenance of roofing, and its waterproof construction is the problem that people pay close attention to the most when particularly building the roof top garden.Waterproof material surface, seamless angle and seam crossing are all penetrated or penetrate by root system easily.Part waterproof roll itself is not corrosion-resistant, and only one-year age is torn with regard to available have gentle hands pine.In a single day the waterproof material that is adopted is penetrated by root system of plant, watertight composition will produce hidden danger to whole building, even cause tremendous loss ineffective.Therefore, before waterproof material was used for the extensive laying of planted roof, it was very necessary carrying out the test of plant root puncture resistant.

At present, the test of plant root puncture resistant mainly contains dual mode: carry out under the situation such as the plant of selection particular types, specific cultivation matrix and growing environment in the container of certain specification (1); The process of the test science is tight; But generally need time,, also need the test in 2 years even under the situation of accelerated test with 4 years; Could judge whether material possesses anti-root system of plant puncture ability, and test period is very long; (2) waterproof material direct mail sample is detected to the laboratory of developed country; Detection method is a plantation fan pulses leguminous plants under the certain environment condition; Whether see material after half a year by the root system of plant puncture, but this scheme is not suitable for the anti-root test of roof greening, because the species of heavy green roof are more; Implantation time is longer, and running into the strong especially plant reliability of root system puncture ability will reduce.

The utility model content

The purpose of the utility model is to overcome above-mentioned deficiency of the prior art; One plant cultivating and root system puncture force test two-purpose case is provided; It is simple in structure, reasonable in design and easy to use; Efficiently solve existing plant and move cultivation case and roof top garden and need consume a large amount of city water resources and consumption worker consuming time, problem that the management maintenance cost is high, can also solve the test period of waterproof material puncture in the past and grow and the not good problem of test reliability as root system of plant puncture force testing equipment; Reduce experimentation cost simultaneously, improved test efficiency and test reliability.

For realizing above-mentioned purpose, the technical scheme that the utility model adopts is: a plant cultivating and root system puncture force test two-purpose case is characterized in that: comprise upper box and the transparent lower box that is used with upper box, and be installed in the gripper shoe on the upper box; Be the root puncture resistant plate when said gripper shoe is used for plant cultivation, said gripper shoe is netted dividing plate when being used for the test of root system of plant puncture force, has installing hole on the said root puncture resistant plate.

Above-mentioned plant cultivation and root system puncture force test two-purpose case; It is characterized in that: the case inner bottom part of said transparent lower box is provided with hollow pipe; The inside of said hollow pipe is disposed with pervious bed and filter course from the bottom to top, and the upper end of said hollow pipe is passed installing hole and is fixed on the root puncture resistant plate.

Above-mentioned plant cultivation and root system puncture force test two-purpose case, it is characterized in that: the bottom of said hollow pipe has a plurality of suction osculums, and a plurality of said suction osculums evenly are provided with.

Above-mentioned plant cultivation and root system puncture force test two-purpose case, it is characterized in that: the top of said transparent lower box has a plurality of water filling osculums, and a plurality of said water filling osculums evenly are provided with.

Above-mentioned plant cultivation and root system puncture force test two-purpose case is characterized in that: the quantity of said hollow pipe and installing hole is equal and be a plurality of, and a plurality of said hollow pipes evenly are provided with, and a plurality of said installing holes evenly are provided with.

Above-mentioned plant cultivation and root system puncture force test two-purpose case, it is characterized in that: said pervious bed is water-absorbing resin layer or fine sand layer, and said filter course is spongy layer or canvas layer.

Above-mentioned plant cultivation and root system puncture force test two-purpose case, it is characterized in that: the port of said transparent lower box is the boss shape, and said gripper shoe is installed on the port place of transparent lower box, and said upper box and transparent lower box are interlocked.

Above-mentioned plant cultivation and root system puncture force test two-purpose case, it is characterized in that: said root puncture resistant plate is steel plate, poly (methyl methacrylate) plate or plastic plate.

Above-mentioned plant cultivation and root system puncture force test two-purpose case, it is characterized in that: said hollow pipe is plastic tube or steel pipe.

Above-mentioned plant cultivation and root system puncture force test two-purpose case, it is characterized in that: said transparent lower box is the glass casing.

The utility model compared with prior art has the following advantages:

1, simple in structure, reasonable in design and easy to use.

2, efficiently solving existing plant moves cultivation case and roof top garden and need consume a large amount of city water resources and consumption worker consuming time, problem that the management maintenance cost is high; Have water-saving, save time, saving of labor's characteristics; Practice thrift the maintenance and management cost, improved plant survival rate simultaneously.

3, efficiently solve to detect root resistance material root resistance ability in the existing roof greening engineering and estimate and have the long and not good problem of test reliability of test period in the cultivated plant root puncture power technology, reduced experimentation cost, improved test reliability.

4, because transparent lower box adopts transparent material to process, if therefore in experimentation root system penetrate waterproof root resistance material, termination test has reduced test period at any time, has improved test efficiency.

Through accompanying drawing and embodiment, the utility model is done further detailed description below.

Description of drawings

Fig. 1 is the overall structure sketch map of the utility model.

Explosion figure when Fig. 2 does plant cultivation for the utility model.

Fig. 3 is the syndeton sketch map of the utility model hollow pipe and root puncture resistant plate.

Explosion figure when Fig. 4 does the test of root system of plant puncture force for the utility model.

Description of reference numerals:

Embodiment

As shown in Figure 1, the utility model comprises upper box 1 and the transparent lower box 2 that is used with upper box 1, and is installed in the gripper shoe 3 on the upper box 1.The case inner bottom part of said transparent lower box 2 is provided with hollow pipe 4, and the inside of said hollow pipe 4 is disposed with pervious bed 6 and filter course 7 from the bottom to top, and the upper end of said hollow pipe 4 is passed installing hole 3-11 and is fixed on the root puncture resistant plate 3-1; Hollow pipe not only has supporting role; And the matrix filtration that 7 pairs of cultivated plants of the filter course of its set inside are required; Prevent that matrix from getting in the transparent lower box 2, the moisture that pervious bed 6 is used for absorbing transparent lower box 2 is to the slowly lasting supply moisture of cultivated plant.The bottom of said hollow pipe 4 has a plurality of suction osculums 8, and a plurality of said suction osculums 8 evenly are provided with; The suction osculum not only can absorb the moisture in the transparent lower box 2, and can discharge redundant moisture in the upper box 1, guarantees the required moisture of plant growing.The top of said transparent lower box 2 has a plurality of water filling osculums 5, and a plurality of said water filling osculums 5 evenly are provided with; When being used for plant cultivation, not only can in transparent lower box 2, inject water plant is irrigated, and also can discharge unnecessary water in the transparent lower box 2 through the water filling osculum through the water filling osculum, can make cultivated plant ventilated simultaneously.The port of said transparent lower box 2 is the boss shape, and said gripper shoe 3 is installed on the port place of transparent lower box 2, and said upper box 1 is interlocked with transparent lower box 2.

As shown in Figure 2, said gripper shoe 3 has installing hole 3-11 for being used for the root puncture resistant plate 3-1 of plant cultivation on the said root puncture resistant plate 3-1.

As shown in Figure 4, said gripper shoe 3 is for being used for the netted dividing plate 3-2 of root system of plant puncture force test.

As shown in Figure 3, in the present embodiment, the quantity of said hollow pipe 4 and installing hole 3-11 equates and is a plurality of that a plurality of said hollow pipes 4 evenly are provided with, and a plurality of said installing hole 3-11 evenly are provided with.

In the present embodiment, said pervious bed 6 is water-absorbing resin layer or fine sand layer, and said filter course 7 is spongy layer or canvas layer; Pervious bed 6 also can adopt polymerization high-efficiency water-absorbing agent (or resin), modified carboxy methyl cellulose/SiO 2High-efficiency water-absorbing material such as hybrid material, filter course 7 also can adopt porous and have the material than strong hydrophilicity and filter capacity.

In the present embodiment, said root puncture resistant plate 3-1 is steel plate, poly (methyl methacrylate) plate or plastic plate.

In the present embodiment, said hollow pipe 4 is plastic tube or steel pipe.

In the present embodiment, said transparent lower box 2 is the glass casing, is convenient for people to timely viewing test situation.

As depicted in figs. 1 and 2; The utility model is when being used to do plant cultivation, and said gripper shoe 3 is root puncture resistant plate 3-1, in the case of transparent lower box 2, places hollow pipe 4; Set gradually pervious bed 6 and filter course 7 from the bottom to top in the inside of hollow pipe 4; The upper end of hollow pipe 4 is fixed on the root puncture resistant plate 3-1, then upper box 1 is buckled on the transparent lower box 2, and the required matrix of placement cultivated plant gets final product cultivated plant in upper box 1.Behind the cultivated plant casing is placed on outdoor; Then unnecessary rainfall can flow in the transparent lower box 2 with pervious bed 6 through filter course 7 successively and store; When in the transparent lower box 2 during excessive rainfall; Can discharge through water filling osculum 5, and this water filling osculum 5 improves the effect of soil aeration in addition; When through a plurality of fine days, when cultivation matrix and plant hydropenia, can utilize the rainwater that is stored in the transparent lower box 2 to supply plant utilization through the capillarity of pervious bed 6 and filter course 7 again.Therefore, the utility model efficiently solves existing plant and moves cultivation case and roof top garden and need consume a large amount of city water resources and consumption worker consuming time, problem that the management maintenance cost is high, has practiced thrift water resource, has reduced the maintenance and management cost.

As shown in Figure 4; The utility model is when being used to do the test of root system of plant puncture force; Said gripper shoe 3 is netted dividing plate 3-2, after placing waterproof root resistance material to be detected on the netted dividing plate 3-2, with sealant the slit between waterproof root resistance material to be detected and the transparent lower box 2 is filled up; Then upper box 1 is buckled on the transparent lower box 2, cultivation matrix is placed on to wait to test on the waterproof root resistance material can plants observation.Plant normal growth is after a period of time, if root system penetrates waterproof root resistance material, termination test at any time shows the root puncture resistant performance inconsistency lattice of waterproof root resistance material.Therefore, the utility model can also solve the long and not good problem of test reliability of the test period of waterproof material puncture in the past as root system of plant puncture force testing equipment, has reduced experimentation cost, has improved test efficiency and test reliability.

The above; It only is the preferred embodiment of the utility model; Be not that the utility model is done any restriction; Every according to the utility model technical spirit to any simple modification, change and equivalent structure transformation that above embodiment did, all still belong in the protection domain of the utility model technical scheme.

Claims (10)

1. a plant cultivating and root system puncture force test two-purpose case is characterized in that: comprise upper box (1) and the transparent lower box (2) that is used with upper box (1), and be installed in the gripper shoe (3) on the upper box (1); Said gripper shoe (3) is root puncture resistant plate (3-1) when being used for plant cultivation, and said gripper shoe (3) is netted dividing plate (3-2) when being used for the test of root system of plant puncture force, has installing hole (3-11) on the said root puncture resistant plate (3-1).
2. according to described plant cultivation of claim 1 and root system puncture force test two-purpose case; It is characterized in that: the case inner bottom part of said transparent lower box (2) is provided with hollow pipe (4); The inside of said hollow pipe (4) is disposed with pervious bed (6) and filter course (7) from the bottom to top, and the upper end of said hollow pipe (4) is passed installing hole (3-11) and is fixed on the root puncture resistant plate (3-1).
3. according to described plant cultivation of claim 2 and root system puncture force test two-purpose case, it is characterized in that: the bottom of said hollow pipe (4) has a plurality of suction osculums (8), and a plurality of said suction osculums (8) evenly are provided with.
4. according to claim 2 or 3 described plant cultivations and root system puncture force test two-purpose case, it is characterized in that: the top of said transparent lower box (2) has a plurality of water filling osculums (5), and a plurality of said water filling osculums (5) evenly are provided with.
5. according to claim 2 or 3 described plant cultivations and root system puncture force test two-purpose case; It is characterized in that: the quantity of said hollow pipe (4) and installing hole (3-11) equates and is a plurality of; A plurality of said hollow pipes (4) evenly are provided with, and a plurality of said installing holes (3-11) evenly are provided with.
6. according to claim 2 or 3 described plant cultivations and root system puncture force test two-purpose case, it is characterized in that: said pervious bed (6) is water-absorbing resin layer or fine sand layer, and said filter course (7) is spongy layer or canvas layer.
7. according to claim 1,2 or 3 described plant cultivations and root system puncture force test two-purpose case; It is characterized in that: the port of said transparent lower box (2) is the boss shape; Said gripper shoe (3) is installed on the port place of transparent lower box (2), and said upper box (1) is interlocked with transparent lower box (2).
8. according to claim 1,2 or 3 described plant cultivations and root system puncture force test two-purpose case, it is characterized in that: said root puncture resistant plate (3-1) is steel plate, poly (methyl methacrylate) plate or plastic plate.
9. according to claim 2 or 3 described plant cultivations and root system puncture force test two-purpose case, it is characterized in that: said hollow pipe (4) is plastic tube or steel pipe.
10. according to claim 1,2 or 3 described plant cultivations and root system puncture force test two-purpose case, it is characterized in that: said transparent lower box (2) is the glass casing.
CN 201220250378 2012-05-30 2012-05-30 Double-purpose box for plant cultivation and root system penetration force experiments CN202587942U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105738569A (en) * 2016-02-04 2016-07-06 广州大学 Testing device and testing method for rapidly determining root resistance of waterproof material
CN105830847A (en) * 2014-10-24 2016-08-10 三峡大学 Visual monitoring method of rock breaking mechanism adopting root systems
CN105961140A (en) * 2016-03-01 2016-09-28 张新民 Wick type rain and flood resource accumulation utilization system
CN107576659A (en) * 2016-07-05 2018-01-12 中国石油天然气股份有限公司 Detection method of the root system of plant to pipeline anticorrosion coating extrusion performance
CN107576658A (en) * 2016-07-05 2018-01-12 中国石油天然气股份有限公司 Detection method of the root system of plant to pipeline anticorrosion coating penetration performance
CN108072737A (en) * 2016-11-11 2018-05-25 天津市奇才防水材料有限公司 A kind of root-resistant puncturing performance rapid detection method

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105830847B (en) * 2014-10-24 2018-08-14 三峡大学 A kind of root system rock breaking mechanism method for visually monitoring
CN105830847A (en) * 2014-10-24 2016-08-10 三峡大学 Visual monitoring method of rock breaking mechanism adopting root systems
CN105738569A (en) * 2016-02-04 2016-07-06 广州大学 Testing device and testing method for rapidly determining root resistance of waterproof material
CN105738569B (en) * 2016-02-04 2019-04-09 广州大学 A kind of experimental rig and test method of quick measurement waterproof material root-resistant puncturing
CN105961140A (en) * 2016-03-01 2016-09-28 张新民 Wick type rain and flood resource accumulation utilization system
CN107576659A (en) * 2016-07-05 2018-01-12 中国石油天然气股份有限公司 Detection method of the root system of plant to pipeline anticorrosion coating extrusion performance
CN107576658A (en) * 2016-07-05 2018-01-12 中国石油天然气股份有限公司 Detection method of the root system of plant to pipeline anticorrosion coating penetration performance
CN107576659B (en) * 2016-07-05 2020-04-10 中国石油天然气股份有限公司 Method for detecting extrusion performance of plant root system on pipeline anticorrosive coating
CN107576658B (en) * 2016-07-05 2020-04-10 中国石油天然气股份有限公司 Method for detecting penetrability of plant root system on pipeline anticorrosive coating
CN108072737A (en) * 2016-11-11 2018-05-25 天津市奇才防水材料有限公司 A kind of root-resistant puncturing performance rapid detection method

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Granted publication date: 20121212

Termination date: 20130530