CN202519170U - Fermentation tank utilizing tobacco field wastes to produce organic fertilizer - Google Patents

Fermentation tank utilizing tobacco field wastes to produce organic fertilizer Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202519170U
CN202519170U CN2012201197973U CN201220119797U CN202519170U CN 202519170 U CN202519170 U CN 202519170U CN 2012201197973 U CN2012201197973 U CN 2012201197973U CN 201220119797 U CN201220119797 U CN 201220119797U CN 202519170 U CN202519170 U CN 202519170U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
tank
vega
waste
fertilizer
feed
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2012201197973U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王建安
刘国顺
陈文相
翟欣
陈雪
董安玮
代昌铭
杨丁元
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Henan Agricultural University
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Henan Agricultural University
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Priority to CN2012201197973U priority Critical patent/CN202519170U/en
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Publication of CN202519170U publication Critical patent/CN202519170U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

The utility model relates to a fermentation tank utilizing tobacco field wastes to produce an organic fertilizer. The fermentation tank comprises a tank body, wherein the tank body is arranged in a rack; a feed port is arranged at the top end of the tank body and communicated with a feed device; a discharge port is arranged at the lower end of the tank body, and a blocking door is arranged on the discharge port; and a stirring device is arranged at the top end of the tank body. The upper part of the tank body is conical, the middle part of the tank body is cylindrical, and the lower part of the tank body is back-tapered. The tank body comprises an anticorrosive layer, a heating layer, a heating-pipe fixing layer, a thermal insulating layer and a veneer layer. The stirring device comprises a stirring motor, a stirring shaft and a stirring blade, and the stirring motor is fixedly arranged at the top end of the tank body. One end of the stirring shaft is connected with an output shaft of the stirring motor, and the stirring blade is fixedly arranged on the stirring shaft. The fermentation tank can carry out high-temperature sterilization and fermentation to the tobacco field wastes in a high-temperature environment, therefore harmful bacteria in the tobacco field wastes is thoroughly killed, and meanwhile, the tobacco field wastes can be thoroughly fermented.

Description

Utilize the vega waste to produce the fermentor tank that fertilizer is used
Technical field:
The utility model belongs to vega waste recycling technical field, is specifically related to a kind of vega waste that utilizes and produces the fermentor tank that fertilizer is used.
Background technology:
For a long time, China tobacco grower is in the tobacco leaf planting production process, and the low pin leaf that vega produces, fireworks, cigarette are pitched; Custom is discarded in field, the edge of a field or place, stream, and the degradation material after tobacco leaf rots spreads with current, not only wastes resource; Pollute the vega environment, and grow the disease and pest propagation easily.Along with tobacco industry in recent years to the concern of basic vega health and the requirement of planningization plantation; Various places tobacco company is provided with waste collection pond or incinerator around vega; But except indivedual concentrated show areas in flakes; Cut off big number cigarette district still by the tobacco grower by oneself, the phenomenon that abandons waste everywhere is also relatively more serious.In March, 2011, State Tobacco Monopoly Bureau proposed the optimization hierarchical organization, and the strategic plan of " improving the effective supply ability of sound tobacco " is in order to satisfy the demand of cigarette industry to high quality raw material.The quantity that is exactly the vega waste like this increases much on the original basis, and therefore, processing vega waste that must science could realize cleaning the target of vega and environment.
The development that modern science and technology is maked rapid progress and the companion's and the increasingly serious environmental problem of coming; Leaf tobacco production is fertile in a large amount of use inorganic fertilizers from controlling; Cause soil compaction, effectively nutrition is single, the soil nutrient imbalance; The breeding of environmental pollution, soil microorganisms is suppressed, especially in rhizosphere and the non-rhizosphere ecological index such as biomass, structure of community, distribution and activity thereof great changes have taken place.Tobacco plant nutrition is unbalance, Metabolic disorder, becomes malnutritive type tobacco leaf, directly causes the reduction of quality of tobacco characteristic.
And the scarp total nitrogen content of vega waste is up to 10%, and potassium, phosphorus, calcium and organic content are all about 1.5%.If can promote the formation of soil aggregate to it as mixed organic manure, the improvement soil property plays shock absorption to acid soil and saltings, improves soil water-retaining, fertilizer-preserving ability, also has necessarily to prevent disease and pest and the effect that suppresses weed growth.Therefore, optimizing the tobacco leaf hierarchical organization with current State Bureau is opportunity, with scarp as base fertilizer; The mixed organic manure that Development and Production is of high quality and at a reasonable price; Have good development prospect, still, in the vega waste; Especially contain harmful germs such as mosaic disease in disease and pest tobacco leaf, the low pin leaf of vega; If the direct fermentation of vega waste is used as fertilizer, can cause the propagation of harmful germ on the contrary, therefore must earlier the vega waste be carried out could using as fertilizer after the effective sterilization fermentative processing.
The utility model content:
In sum; In order to overcome the deficiency of prior art problem; The utility model provides a kind of vega waste that utilizes to produce the fermentor tank that fertilizer is used; It can carry out the High Temperature Sterilization fermentation to the vega waste under hot environment, thereby thoroughly kills the harmful germ that is contained in the vega waste, can the vega waste thoroughly be fermented again simultaneously.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the technical scheme of the utility model is achieved in that
A kind of vega waste that utilizes is produced the fermentor tank that fertilizer is used, and wherein: comprise frame, tank body, feeding device and whipping appts, tank body is arranged in the frame; The top of tank body is provided with opening for feed, and opening for feed is communicated with feeding device, and the tank body lower end is provided with discharge port; Discharge port is provided with stock stopping door, and the top of tank body is provided with whipping appts, and tank body top is tapered; The tank body middle part is a cylinder type, and the bottom of tank body is the back taper type, and tank body comprises preservative coat, zone of heating, heating tube immovable bed, thermal insulation layer and the exterior trim layer that sets gradually from inside to outside; Whipping appts comprises agitator motor, stir shaft and agitating vane; Agitator motor is fixed on the top of tank body, and an end of stir shaft is connected with the output shaft of agitator motor, is fixed with agitating vane on the stir shaft.
Further, the upper end of described tank body is provided with moisture exhausting port and wet-emitting blower.
Further, there is air compressor machine the bottom of described tank body through pipe connection.
Further, the preservative coat of described tank body is a stainless steel layer, and the zone of heating of tank body is the intensive outer electric oil pipe of preservative coat that is coiled in, and the heating tube immovable bed of tank body is to be wrapped in the outer one deck aluminium lamination of zone of heating.
Further; Described feeding device comprises hopper, transfer passage, lift and sliding plate, and lift is arranged in the transfer passage, and an end of lift is arranged on the inner bottom part of hopper; Its other end is corresponding with the opening for feed that the tank body top is provided with, and is connected through sliding plate with opening for feed.
The beneficial effect of the utility model is:
1, the utility model can carry out the High Temperature Sterilization fermentation to the vega waste under hot environment, thereby thoroughly kills the harmful germ that is contained in the vega waste, can the vega waste thoroughly be fermented again simultaneously.
2, the utility model is simple in structure, easy to use, ferment effect is good; Vega waste thermophilic fermentation in fermentor tank after the pulverizing; Can effectively kill the germ in the vega waste; Objectionable impuritiess such as the floral leaf germ of especially carrying on the waste tobacco leaf, remains of pesticide prevent that it from destroying soil.
Description of drawings:
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the utility model;
Fig. 2 is the enlarged diagram of the A portion of the utility model Fig. 1.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing the utility model is done further to specify.
Like Fig. 1, shown in Figure 2, a kind of vega waste that utilizes is produced the fermentor tank that fertilizer is used, and comprises frame 1, tank body 5, feeding device and whipping appts; Tank body 5 is arranged in the frame 1, and the top of tank body 5 is provided with opening for feed 14, and opening for feed 14 is communicated with feeding device; Tank body 5 lower ends are provided with discharge port 9, and discharge port 9 is provided with stock stopping door 20, and the top of tank body 5 is provided with whipping appts; Tank body 5 tops are tapered, and it is provided with moisture exhausting port 4 and wet-emitting blower 3, and tank body 5 middle parts are cylinder type; The bottom of tank body 5 is the back taper type, through pipe connection air compressor machine 8 is arranged on it, and tank body 5 comprises preservative coat 19, zone of heating 18, heating tube immovable bed 17, thermal insulation layer 16 and the exterior trim layer 15 that sets gradually from inside to outside; The preservative coat 19 of tank body 5 is a stainless steel layer, and the zone of heating 18 of tank body 5 is the intensive electric oil pipe that is coiled in outside the preservative coat 19, and the heating tube immovable bed 17 of tank body 5 is for being wrapped in one deck aluminium lamination outside the zone of heating 18; Whipping appts comprises agitator motor 2, stir shaft 6 and agitating vane 7; Agitator motor 2 is fixed on the top of tank body 5, and an end of stir shaft 6 is connected with the output shaft of agitator motor 2, is fixed with agitating vane 7 on the stir shaft 6.Feeding device comprises hopper 10, transfer passage 11, lift 12 and sliding plate 13; Lift 12 is arranged in the transfer passage 11; One end of lift 12 is arranged on the inner bottom part of hopper 10; Its other end is corresponding with the opening for feed 14 that tank body 5 tops are provided with, and is connected through sliding plate 13 with opening for feed 14.
A kind of treatment process that utilizes the vega waste to produce fertilizer, concrete process step is following:
A, collection
With the vega waste gathering that is dispersed in the field and be transported to treatment plant;
B, pulverizing
The vega waste, is pulverized dry straw after with the volume ratio being the mixed of 1:1;
C, thermophilic fermentation
Vega waste after pulverizing is delivered in the hopper 10 of fermentor tank, starts lift 12, agitator motor 2 and air compressor machine 8, vega waste and the mixture of dry straw of lift 12 after with the pulverizing in the hopper 10 is promoted to tank body 5 upper ends; 14 slide in the tank body 5 along sliding plate 13 from opening for feed then; Air compressor machine 8 is constantly carried air in tank body 5, for the fermentation of vega waste provides oxygen, zone of heating 18 is made up of the intensive preservative coat 19 outer electric oil pipes that are coiled in; The electricity oil pipe constantly heats the vega waste in preservative coat 19 and the tank body 5; Leavening temperature is remained between 100~120 ℃, and agitator motor 2 drives stir shaft 6 rotations, and the agitating vane 7 that is provided with on the stir shaft 6 constantly stirs the vega waste in the tank body 5; Make its fermentation sterilization more thorough; Moisture exhausting port 4 and wet-emitting blower 3 that tank body 5 tops are provided with guarantee moisture stable in the positive tank body 5, and the discharge port 9 that the vega waste that fermentation finishes and the mixture of dry straw are provided with from tank body 5 lower ends is discharged.The mixture of vega waste and dry straw fermented in fermentor tank 12~15 hours.
D, spontaneous fermentation
Vega waste after the allotment is deposited in the interior spontaneous fermentation of fermentation vat 48~72 hours, can obtain directly applying to the fertilizer of vega.
Be noted that; The foregoing description is to the explanation of the utility model technical scheme and unrestricted; Other modification that is equal to replacement or makes of affiliated technical field those of ordinary skill according to prior art; As long as do not exceed the thinking and the scope of the utility model technical scheme, all should be included within the desired interest field of the utility model.

Claims (5)

1. one kind is utilized the vega waste to produce the fermentor tank that fertilizer is used; It is characterized in that: comprise frame (1), tank body (5), feeding device and whipping appts, tank body (5) is arranged in the frame (1), and the top of tank body (5) is provided with opening for feed (14); Opening for feed (14) is communicated with feeding device; Tank body (5) lower end is provided with discharge port (9), and discharge port (9) is provided with stock stopping door (20), and the top of tank body (5) is provided with whipping appts; Tank body (5) top is tapered; Tank body (5) middle part is a cylinder type, and the bottom of tank body (5) is the back taper type, and tank body (5) comprises preservative coat (19), zone of heating (18), heating tube immovable bed (17), thermal insulation layer (16) and the exterior trim layer (15) that sets gradually from inside to outside; Whipping appts comprises agitator motor (2), stir shaft (6) and agitating vane (7); Agitator motor (2) is fixed on the top of tank body (5), and an end of stir shaft (6) is connected with the output shaft of agitator motor (2), is fixed with agitating vane (7) on the stir shaft (6).
2. the vega waste that utilizes according to claim 1 is produced the fermentor tank that fertilizer is used, and it is characterized in that: the upper end of described tank body (5) is provided with moisture exhausting port (4) and wet-emitting blower (3).
3. the vega waste that utilizes according to claim 1 is produced the fermentor tank that fertilizer is used, and it is characterized in that: there is air compressor machine (8) bottom of described tank body (5) through pipe connection.
4. the vega waste that utilizes according to claim 1 is produced the fermentor tank that fertilizer is used; It is characterized in that: the preservative coat (19) of described tank body (5) is a stainless steel layer; The zone of heating (18) of tank body (5) is the intensive outer electric oil pipe of preservative coat (19) that is coiled in, and the heating tube immovable bed (17) of tank body (5) is for being wrapped in one deck aluminium lamination outside the zone of heating (18).
5. the vega waste that utilizes according to claim 1 is produced the fermentor tank that fertilizer is used; It is characterized in that: described feeding device comprises hopper (10), transfer passage (11), lift (12) and sliding plate (13); Lift (12) is arranged in the transfer passage (11); One end of lift (12) is arranged on the inner bottom part of hopper (10); Its other end is corresponding with the opening for feed (14) that tank body (5) top is provided with, and is connected through sliding plate (13) with opening for feed (14).
CN2012201197973U 2012-03-27 2012-03-27 Fermentation tank utilizing tobacco field wastes to produce organic fertilizer Expired - Fee Related CN202519170U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012201197973U CN202519170U (en) 2012-03-27 2012-03-27 Fermentation tank utilizing tobacco field wastes to produce organic fertilizer

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012201197973U CN202519170U (en) 2012-03-27 2012-03-27 Fermentation tank utilizing tobacco field wastes to produce organic fertilizer

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202519170U true CN202519170U (en) 2012-11-07

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102603370A (en) * 2012-03-27 2012-07-25 河南农业大学 Treatment technology for producing organic fertilizer by tobacco field waste and fermentation tank thereof
CN103937661A (en) * 2014-05-20 2014-07-23 乔春明 Thermoelectric linkage device for biogas
CN104150995A (en) * 2014-08-08 2014-11-19 张明亮 Organic fertilizer reaction device
CN104355717A (en) * 2014-10-23 2015-02-18 泗县孙苏生态农业科技有限公司 Organic fertilizer production equipment with stirring fermenting device
CN104402537A (en) * 2014-10-27 2015-03-11 唐婧婵 Silkworm-excrement vertical type continuous fermentation apparatus
CN105084513A (en) * 2015-08-18 2015-11-25 无锡乐华自动化科技有限公司 Industrial wastewater circulating fluid bed automatic treatment device
CN106316487A (en) * 2016-08-15 2017-01-11 五洲丰农业科技有限公司 Microbial fermentation fertilizer production system
CN106733023A (en) * 2016-11-20 2017-05-31 广西大学 A kind of agricultural uses stalk processing equipment
WO2018036552A1 (en) * 2016-08-26 2018-03-01 宁波宝力农环境技术开发有限公司 Low-temperature pressurized hydrolysis tank

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102603370A (en) * 2012-03-27 2012-07-25 河南农业大学 Treatment technology for producing organic fertilizer by tobacco field waste and fermentation tank thereof
CN103937661A (en) * 2014-05-20 2014-07-23 乔春明 Thermoelectric linkage device for biogas
CN104150995A (en) * 2014-08-08 2014-11-19 张明亮 Organic fertilizer reaction device
CN104355717A (en) * 2014-10-23 2015-02-18 泗县孙苏生态农业科技有限公司 Organic fertilizer production equipment with stirring fermenting device
CN104402537A (en) * 2014-10-27 2015-03-11 唐婧婵 Silkworm-excrement vertical type continuous fermentation apparatus
CN105084513A (en) * 2015-08-18 2015-11-25 无锡乐华自动化科技有限公司 Industrial wastewater circulating fluid bed automatic treatment device
CN106316487A (en) * 2016-08-15 2017-01-11 五洲丰农业科技有限公司 Microbial fermentation fertilizer production system
WO2018036552A1 (en) * 2016-08-26 2018-03-01 宁波宝力农环境技术开发有限公司 Low-temperature pressurized hydrolysis tank
CN106733023A (en) * 2016-11-20 2017-05-31 广西大学 A kind of agricultural uses stalk processing equipment

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20121107

Termination date: 20150327

EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model