CN202383803U - Torrential flood geological disaster early warning system - Google Patents

Torrential flood geological disaster early warning system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202383803U
CN202383803U CN201120351014XU CN201120351014U CN202383803U CN 202383803 U CN202383803 U CN 202383803U CN 201120351014X U CN201120351014X U CN 201120351014XU CN 201120351014 U CN201120351014 U CN 201120351014U CN 202383803 U CN202383803 U CN 202383803U
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China
Prior art keywords
early warning
monitoring center
monitoring
disposal system
message pick
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201120351014XU
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
周峰
王军
朱振龙
赵阳
樊世颖
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NANJING YIZHOU ENERGY TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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NANJING YIZHOU ENERGY TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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Publication of CN202383803U publication Critical patent/CN202383803U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A50/00TECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE in human health protection, e.g. against extreme weather

Abstract

The utility model relates to a torrential flood geological disaster early warning system which is composed of on-site monitoring devices, a transmission network, a monitoring center server, monitoring center clients, and early warning terminals. The on-site monitoring devices are connected with the monitoring center server via the transmission network. The output terminal of the monitoring center server is connected with the monitoring center clients and the early warning terminals. The torrential flood geological disaster early warning system is unmanned on duty, and can realize the procedures of automatic acquisition, processing, statistical statement, transmission, display, and broadcasting early warning. The system is time-saving and labor-saving, and is rapid and accurate, can realize the monitoring and early warning of the torrential flood geological disaster effectively and timely.

Description

Mountain torrents geologic hazard early warning system
Technical field
The utility model relates to automated monitoring technology, is a kind of mountain torrents geologic hazard early warning system.
Background technology
The unsettled hill features of some of China is easy to generate geologic hazard phenomenons such as landslide rubble flow after receiving rain erosion, this causes huge threat to resident's security of the lives and property.Relevant departments have also taked relative measures that the landslide is monitored and early warning; But all need special observation personnel to monitor mostly and report to the police; This method real-time is poor; When facing a danger, often can not make early warning work timely and effectively, also wasting time and energy aspect the daily statistics.5.12 earthquake is exactly a caution, all communications facilitys interrupted after disaster took place, and can only rely on manpower to aftershock in the later stage; The landslide; Checked-up lakes etc. are monitored, and not only dangerous high, efficient is low; And the lacking quantitative data analyse prediction scientifically, can't accomplish that more real time data upgrades monitoring.
The utility model content
The problem that the utility model will solve is: the mountain torrents geologic hazard needs monitoring and early warning in real time, and present monitoring system can not realize the real-time update of Monitoring Data.
The technical scheme of the utility model is: mountain torrents geologic hazard early warning system; Constitute by field monitoring equipment, transmission network, monitoring center's server, monitoring center's client and early warning terminal; Field monitoring equipment connects monitoring center's server through transmission network, and the output of monitoring center's server connects monitoring center's client and early warning terminal respectively.
Field monitoring equipment comprises type vibration wire crack gauge, multipoint displacement meter, osmometer, ultrasonic water level gauge and integrated precipitation station, and field monitoring power devices mode is sun power; Transmission network comprises public network, ultra short wave communication and satellite communication; Corresponding field monitoring equipment, monitoring center's server comprises surface displacement message pick-up disposal system, internal modification message pick-up disposal system, underground water message pick-up disposal system, surface water message pick-up disposal system and rainfall amount message pick-up disposal system; Monitoring center's client comprises information display unit, data analysis unit and threshold value dispensing unit; The early warning terminal comprises GPRS frequency-modulated broadcast transmitter, GPRS fm broadcast receiver.
The utility model has designed a kind of unattended mountain torrents geologic hazard monitor and early warning system with regard to present mountain torrents geology subject level, overcomes the prior art shortcoming.Surface displacement monitoring, internal modification monitoring, groundwater monitoring, surface water monitoring, rainfall amount monitoring are integrated, and signal integrated presentation coming according to five kinds of mountain torrents geologic hazards of surface displacement, internal modification, underground water, surface water, rainfall amount or that arrived is comprehensively judged to reach the signal complementation.Can obtain the lead of a hour or 10 minutes respectively.
Compared with prior art, the utility model is placed on the zones of different configuration according to the concrete condition that is prone to take place mountain torrents geologic hazard zone with field monitoring equipment, makes it become multistage mountain torrents geologic hazard early warning system.In addition; Owing to adopt the sun power of band clamper control to add accumulator direct current supply mode; Can support field monitoring equipment in continuous working under the rainy weather situation more than 10 days; Type vibration wire crack gauge, multipoint displacement meter, osmometer, ultrasonic water level gauge, integrated precipitation station can be distinguished automatic collection, transfer surface displacement, internal modification, underground water, surface water, rainfall amount information, thus can realize unattended management mode in the open air, thus save human resources; Guarantee staff's safety, more can accomplish real time data renewal monitoring.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structured flowchart of the utility model.
Fig. 2 is the type vibration wire crack gauge structured flowchart of the utility model.
Fig. 3 is the multipoint displacement meter structured flowchart of the utility model.
Fig. 4 is the osmometer structured flowchart of the utility model.
Fig. 5 is the ultrasonic water level gauge structured flowchart of the utility model.
Fig. 6 is the integrated precipitation station structured flowchart of the utility model.
Fig. 7 is the early warning terminal structure block diagram of the utility model.
Embodiment
Structured flowchart like Fig. 1 demonstration; Constitute by field monitoring equipment, transmission network, monitoring center's server, monitoring center's client and early warning terminal; Field monitoring equipment connects monitoring center's server through transmission network, and the output of monitoring center's server connects monitoring center's client and early warning terminal respectively.Field monitoring equipment is made up of type vibration wire crack gauge, multipoint displacement meter, osmometer, ultrasonic water level gauge, integrated precipitation station; Be responsible for the acquisition process and the transmission of on-the-spot surface displacement, internal modification, underground water, surface water, rainfall amount information, field monitoring power devices mode is sun power; Transmission network comprises public network, ultra short wave communication and satellite communication; Corresponding field monitoring equipment, monitoring center's server comprises surface displacement message pick-up disposal system, internal modification message pick-up disposal system, underground water message pick-up disposal system, surface water message pick-up disposal system and rainfall amount message pick-up disposal system; Monitoring center's client comprises information display unit, data analysis unit and threshold value dispensing unit; The early warning terminal comprises GPRS frequency-modulated broadcast transmitter, GPRS fm broadcast receiver.
The type vibration wire crack gauge is seated in important landslide hidden danger point, is used for monitoring the surface deformation of massif.Adopt the stainless steel measuring staff, have water resistance, corrosion resistance and the long-time stability of very high precision and sensitivity, brilliance, when the slight slip of accurate measurement massif, definite when warning the initiatively.The structured flowchart of type vibration wire crack gauge is as shown in Figure 2, specifically comprises: vibrating wire sensor, signal gathering unit, data processing unit, data transmission unit.Vibrating wire sensor be metallic cord with tension as sensitive element, after the length of string was confirmed, the variable quantity of its natural vibration frequency can characterize the size of the suffered pulling force of string; Through corresponding metering circuit; Just can obtain becoming with pulling force the electric signal of certain relation, then electric signal passed to signal gathering unit, signal gathering unit is gathered electric signal and is carried out filtering; Data processing unit filters and stores data, and data transmission unit transmits packing data.
Multipoint displacement meter is seated in side slope or sliding mass deep layer, and bore angle is used for observing the distortion of side slope or sliding mass deep layer with domatic vertical.The structured flowchart of multipoint displacement meter is as shown in Figure 3, specifically comprises: displacement transducer, signal gathering unit, data processing unit, data transmission unit.Displacement transducer is formed by the vibratory string sensing unit and through the spring that heat treatment stress discharges; Spring one end is connected that the other end is connected on the measuring staff on the string; When the connection measuring staff is pulled out from sensor body; Spring elongation causing tension force increases and by the transmission of vibratory string unit, the tension force of string is proportional with elongation, and the variation of displacement can be measured through signal gathering unit exactly and confirmed.Signal gathering unit is gathered electric signal and is carried out filtering, and data processing unit filters and stores data, and data transmission unit transmits packing data.
Osmometer is applicable to and is embedded in the hydraulic structure, basement rock for a long time or is installed in piezometric tube, boring and the pressure vessel, measures seepage water pressure or liquid level, and measures simultaneously and bury temperature a little underground, and be a kind of equipment that supplies to measure for a long time ground water pressure.The structured flowchart of osmometer is as shown in Figure 4, specifically comprises: pressure transducer, collection collecting unit, data processing unit, data transmission unit.Pressure transducer inside has root vibration string to bear predetermined pulling force, is evacuated then and with the EBW (electron beam welding) sealing, the sealing ring of flexible membrane back can be sealed in sensor in the guard shield.With a solenoid excited vibration string, solenoid is connected with data acquisition unit, test its vibration period or frequency.Vibration period is very responsive to the pressure that is applied on the sensing element; The electric signal that can be directly proportional with pressure is thus passed to signal gathering unit; Signal gathering unit is gathered electric signal and is carried out filtering; Data processing unit filters and stores data, and data transmission unit transmits packing data.
Ultrasonic water level gauge is installed in and is prone to the bank, river in the geologic hazard zones such as the sliding ripple of massif, rubble flow takes place, and low-lying land is used for monitoring the surface water water level, and the surface water water level just is an important indicator of weighing mountain torrents geologic hazard outburst.The structured flowchart of ultrasonic water level gauge is as shown in Figure 5, specifically comprises: ultrasonic sensor, collection collecting unit, data processing unit, data transmission unit.Ultrasonic sensor transmits and receives ultrasound wave; Round trip delay time computed range according to the snow sound wave; Then range data is mail to signal gathering unit; Signal gathering unit is gathered the range data understanding and is carried out filtering, and data processing unit filters and stores data, and data transmission unit transmits packing data.
Integrated precipitation station is placed at the somewhere (this ground is the index property place of basin formation rubble flow) in rubble flow zone, rain gage can be in real time (in minute) rainfall record when pursuing, store and be sent to early warning system.The structured flowchart of integrated precipitation station is as shown in Figure 6, specifically comprises: rain sensor, collection collecting unit, data processing unit, data transmission unit.Rain sensor transfers rainfall amount to pulse signal, and the signal gathering unit paired pulses is counted, and data processing unit filters and stores data, and data transmission unit transmits packing data.
The early warning terminal is installed in the place that the people in the mountain torrents geologic hazard zone assembles; After monitoring center's server process is divided the plate field monitoring information that equipment transmits; Think and might or take place under the situation of mountain torrents geologic hazard; Automatically open the early warning terminal, the broadcasting alarm sound also can manually start warning after flood control department is discussed.The structured flowchart at early warning terminal is as shown in Figure 7, is divided into transmitter, receiver and loudspeaker, and transmitter frequency is 150MHZ; Built-in GPRS module, through network, mobile phone is issued transmitter; Transmitter sends FM signal and gives receiver; The same built-in GPRS module of receiver can receive the signal that network and mobile phone send and the FM signal of transmitter.
Adopt the unattended mountain torrents geologic hazard early warning system of the utility model; Can realize a series of flow processs of automatic collection, processing, statistical report form, transmission, demonstration, broadcasting early warning; Time saving and energy saving, and rapidly accurately, can effectively in time realize monitoring and early warning to the mountain torrents geologic hazard.

Claims (2)

1. mountain torrents geologic hazard early warning system; It is characterized in that constituting by field monitoring equipment, transmission network, monitoring center's server, monitoring center's client and early warning terminal; Field monitoring equipment connects monitoring center's server through transmission network, and the output of monitoring center's server connects monitoring center's client and early warning terminal respectively.
2. mountain torrents geologic hazard early warning system according to claim 1 is characterized in that field monitoring equipment comprises type vibration wire crack gauge, multipoint displacement meter, osmometer, ultrasonic water level gauge and integrated precipitation station, and field monitoring power devices mode is sun power; Transmission network comprises public network, ultra short wave communication and satellite communication; Corresponding field monitoring equipment, monitoring center's server comprises surface displacement message pick-up disposal system, internal modification message pick-up disposal system, underground water message pick-up disposal system, surface water message pick-up disposal system and rainfall amount message pick-up disposal system; Monitoring center's client comprises information display unit, data analysis unit and threshold value dispensing unit; The early warning terminal comprises GPRS frequency-modulated broadcast transmitter, GPRS fm broadcast receiver.
CN201120351014XU 2011-09-19 2011-09-19 Torrential flood geological disaster early warning system Expired - Fee Related CN202383803U (en)

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Cited By (16)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102867396A (en) * 2012-09-19 2013-01-09 成都林海电子有限责任公司 Satellite technology-based wide area geological disaster forecasting system and method
CN103149917A (en) * 2013-03-25 2013-06-12 广东省水利电力勘测设计研究院 Hydraulic safety monitoring system based on wireless sensor network
CN103700223A (en) * 2012-09-28 2014-04-02 中国石油天然气股份有限公司 Oil-gas pipeline torrential flood disaster monitoring system
CN103700221A (en) * 2012-09-28 2014-04-02 中国石油天然气股份有限公司 Oil-gas pipeline torrential flood disaster monitoring method
CN103700222A (en) * 2012-09-28 2014-04-02 中国石油天然气股份有限公司 Method for establishing oil-gas pipeline torrential flood disaster monitoring system
CN104270611A (en) * 2014-10-13 2015-01-07 成都汉康信息产业有限公司 Debris flow disaster matrix monitoring system
CN104881960A (en) * 2015-05-05 2015-09-02 北京国信华源科技有限公司 Multi-factor monitoring integrated early warning system and method
CN105488959A (en) * 2016-01-29 2016-04-13 李勇 Intelligent real-time flood control system and method
CN105678966A (en) * 2016-03-01 2016-06-15 张晓华 Integrated monitoring and early warning system for geological mountain torrent disaster and realization method thereof
CN106846738A (en) * 2017-03-07 2017-06-13 安徽省(水利部淮河水利委员会)水利科学研究院(安徽省水利工程质量检测中心站) A kind of school's mountain torrents Forewarning Terminal station
CN107784792A (en) * 2016-08-24 2018-03-09 南京易周能源科技有限公司 A kind of mountain landslide supervision early warning system
CN108122376A (en) * 2017-12-29 2018-06-05 北京国电高科科技有限公司 A kind of seismic monitoring early warning system and method
CN108333598A (en) * 2017-12-31 2018-07-27 广州中海达定位技术有限公司 A kind of geological disaster monitoring system and method
CN108847000A (en) * 2018-08-03 2018-11-20 青海大学 A kind of Landslide Hazards early warning method for pushing
CN109949549A (en) * 2019-04-18 2019-06-28 甘肃省地质环境监测院 A kind of Geological Disaster Warning System
WO2021120514A1 (en) * 2019-12-20 2021-06-24 追信数字科技有限公司 Emergency permission-starting communication device system and method therefor

Cited By (21)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102867396B (en) * 2012-09-19 2014-10-08 成都林海电子有限责任公司 Satellite technology-based wide area geological disaster forecasting system and method
CN102867396A (en) * 2012-09-19 2013-01-09 成都林海电子有限责任公司 Satellite technology-based wide area geological disaster forecasting system and method
CN103700221B (en) * 2012-09-28 2016-04-06 中国石油天然气股份有限公司 A kind of oil and gas pipes mountain flood monitoring method
CN103700223A (en) * 2012-09-28 2014-04-02 中国石油天然气股份有限公司 Oil-gas pipeline torrential flood disaster monitoring system
CN103700221A (en) * 2012-09-28 2014-04-02 中国石油天然气股份有限公司 Oil-gas pipeline torrential flood disaster monitoring method
CN103700222A (en) * 2012-09-28 2014-04-02 中国石油天然气股份有限公司 Method for establishing oil-gas pipeline torrential flood disaster monitoring system
CN103700222B (en) * 2012-09-28 2016-03-09 中国石油天然气股份有限公司 A kind of construction method of oil and gas pipes mountain flood monitoring system
CN103149917B (en) * 2013-03-25 2014-01-22 广东省水利电力勘测设计研究院 Hydraulic safety monitoring system based on wireless sensor network
CN103149917A (en) * 2013-03-25 2013-06-12 广东省水利电力勘测设计研究院 Hydraulic safety monitoring system based on wireless sensor network
CN104270611A (en) * 2014-10-13 2015-01-07 成都汉康信息产业有限公司 Debris flow disaster matrix monitoring system
CN104881960A (en) * 2015-05-05 2015-09-02 北京国信华源科技有限公司 Multi-factor monitoring integrated early warning system and method
CN105488959A (en) * 2016-01-29 2016-04-13 李勇 Intelligent real-time flood control system and method
CN105678966A (en) * 2016-03-01 2016-06-15 张晓华 Integrated monitoring and early warning system for geological mountain torrent disaster and realization method thereof
CN107784792A (en) * 2016-08-24 2018-03-09 南京易周能源科技有限公司 A kind of mountain landslide supervision early warning system
CN106846738A (en) * 2017-03-07 2017-06-13 安徽省(水利部淮河水利委员会)水利科学研究院(安徽省水利工程质量检测中心站) A kind of school's mountain torrents Forewarning Terminal station
CN106846738B (en) * 2017-03-07 2020-04-14 安徽省(水利部淮河水利委员会)水利科学研究院(安徽省水利工程质量检测中心站) School torrential flood early warning terminal station
CN108122376A (en) * 2017-12-29 2018-06-05 北京国电高科科技有限公司 A kind of seismic monitoring early warning system and method
CN108333598A (en) * 2017-12-31 2018-07-27 广州中海达定位技术有限公司 A kind of geological disaster monitoring system and method
CN108847000A (en) * 2018-08-03 2018-11-20 青海大学 A kind of Landslide Hazards early warning method for pushing
CN109949549A (en) * 2019-04-18 2019-06-28 甘肃省地质环境监测院 A kind of Geological Disaster Warning System
WO2021120514A1 (en) * 2019-12-20 2021-06-24 追信数字科技有限公司 Emergency permission-starting communication device system and method therefor

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20120815

Termination date: 20120919