CN205334687U - Mud -rock flow monitoring and early warning system - Google Patents

Mud -rock flow monitoring and early warning system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205334687U
CN205334687U CN201521081941.9U CN201521081941U CN205334687U CN 205334687 U CN205334687 U CN 205334687U CN 201521081941 U CN201521081941 U CN 201521081941U CN 205334687 U CN205334687 U CN 205334687U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
monitoring
warning
early warning
mud
stake
Prior art date
Application number
CN201521081941.9U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
熊清远
Original Assignee
四川远德安防检测设备有限公司
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Priority to CN201521081941.9U priority Critical patent/CN205334687U/en
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Publication of CN205334687U publication Critical patent/CN205334687U/en

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a mud -rock flow monitoring and early warning system belongs to geology disaster monitoring early warning field. This system includes displacement sensor, rain sensor, monitoring and early warning terminal, wireless detector, remote control and measurement center, cell -phone, monitoring stake, tightrope etc. Adopts solar energy to make the power. Remote control and measurement center, cell -phone accessible wireless network and monitoring and early warning terminal real -time communication, the monitoring and early warning terminal can be accomplished functions such as the sampling of displacement, rainfall, assay, judgement, early warning, transmission according to the sampling time interval of setting for is automatic, the monitoring stake is installed in the barranca of flowing area of mud flow front end to be connected with displacement sensor through the tightrope. Can be in time with on -the -spot alarm whistle, wireless detector, SMS, the early warning of phone mode when taking place the mud -rock flow. Have convenient, the early warning response characteristics such as timely of maintaining of installing and use, to shorten the early warning time, reduce the casualties and loss of property has the important function.

Description

A kind of debris flow monitoring pre-warning system
Technical field
This utility model relates to a kind of Geological Hazards Monitoring early warning system, more particularly to a kind of debris flow monitoring pre-warning system。
Background technology
Mud-rock flow typically occurs in mountain area or other cheuch deep gullies, the area that landform is dangerously steep, because the landslide caused of heavy rain, severe snow or other natural disasters the special mighty torrent that carries a large amount of silt and stone。Because having unexpected outburst, energy is big, break with tremendous force, feature that destructive power is extremely strong, causes great threat and loss to people's lives and properties。Mud-rock flow is one of common serious geologic hazard type in China mountain area, and the precautionary measures are taked in the geological disaster area that mud-rock flow is taken place frequently, and set up debris flow monitoring pre-warning demonstration system very urgent。
Publication number is CN105023395A, and the Chinese patent literature that publication date is on November 04th, 2015 discloses a kind of debris flow monitoring pre-warning system, it is characterised in that this system includes two wireropes, line-breakage sensor, radio transmitting device and remote supervisory。When the scale that mud-rock flow occurs reaches jackstay height, monitoring line-breakage sensor is subject to when impact tension flicks to produce a switching signal to judge generation the early warning of mud-rock flow。But, it is typically in monitoring section and is difficult to find suitable place to fix wirerope, even if its difficulty of construction is also very big after finding。On the other hand, if mud-rock flow can not make line-breakage sensor produce switching signal in time, mud-stone flow disaster will be produced and fail to report or postpone early warning。
Summary of the invention
This utility model provides a kind of debris flow monitoring pre-warning system by scene to displacement, the Real-time Collection of rainfall, analysis, process, judgement, early warning and Radio Transmission Technology, this system can be effectively improved the reliability of debris flow monitoring pre-warning, and reduce monitoring system install and use maintenance cost。
In order to realize above-mentioned utility model purpose, the technical solution adopted in the utility model is:
A kind of debris flow monitoring pre-warning system, including displacement transducer, rain sensor, monitoring and warning terminal, remote measurement and control center, mobile phone, wireless alarm, monitoring stake, tightrope;Generation the multimode warning automatically of mud-rock flow is judged by the timely collection of rainfall, displacement。
It is characterized in that: described monitoring and warning terminal includes microprocessor, controller, memory, wireless network module, alarm module;Microprocessor processes sampled data in real time, and wireless network module is responsible for and the communication at remote measurement and control center, mobile phone;It is automatically performed the functions such as sampling, analysis, judgement, early warning, transmission by the sampling time interval set;On-the-spot siren, note, phone, wireless transmit mode is had during early warning;
Described remote measurement and control carries out data transmission centrally through wireless network and monitoring and warning terminal and arranges, and preserves whole measurement data;
The identical address coding launched when described wireless alarm relies on monitoring and warning terminal alarms, adopts frequency hopping, and near the band limits set, automatic frequency-hopping coupling is reported to the police;Can using multiple wireless alarm as required, a pair wireless alarm distance can reach 1000 meters;
Described displacement transducer is connected with the monitoring stake being arranged on the flowing area of mud flow by high-quality tightrope, produces constant-tension by counterweight by pulley and makes tightrope tensioning;
Described rain sensor can measure rainfall rainfall and the rainfall intensity situation of locality in time;
Described monitoring stake is arranged in the valley of front end, the flowing area of mud flow, and is above installing guardrail net;
Described monitoring system is provided supply of electric power by solar energy。
Installing monitoring stake in the valley of front end, the flowing area of mud flow, neighbouring slope ridge is buried underground reference stake, rain sensor and solar panels are installed in reference stake top, and rainproof box is fixed at middle part。In displacement transducer, monitoring and warning terminal, accumulator fixed case;Rain sensor, displacement transducer wire access monitoring and warning terminal。Monitoring stake is connected with high-quality tightrope with between displacement transducer。Multiple wireless alarms are arranged on local-style dwelling houses or near roads, and remote measurement and control is centrally disposed in the emergency center of government, can receive the displacement of monitoring and warning terminal transmission, rainfall monitoring data。First impact guardrail net when mud-rock flow occurs, and it is mobile to promote monitoring stake to produce by guardrail net;The mobile change that monitoring and warning terminal measures monitoring stake by displacement transducer determines that mud-rock flow generation sends multimode warning。
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of this utility model embodiment
Labelling in figure: 1, displacement transducer, 2, rain sensor, 3, monitoring and warning terminal, 4, accumulator, 5, remote measurement and control center, 6, mobile phone, 7, tightrope, 11, solar panels, 12, reference stake, 13, rainproof box, 14, monitoring stake, 15, guardrail net。
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with specification drawings and specific embodiments, this utility model is described in further detail。
As in figure 2 it is shown, a kind of debris flow monitoring pre-warning system, specifically include that displacement transducer, rain sensor, monitoring and warning terminal, remote measurement and control center, mobile phone, wireless transmitter, wireless alarm。Bury underground in the valley of front end, the flowing area of mud flow monitoring stake (14), before add guardrail net (15) to prevent Rolling Stone (or the stone carried secretly in flood) from running into and producing false alarm;Burying reference stake (12) underground on neighbouring slope ridge, rain sensor (2) and solar panels (11) are installed in reference stake (12) top;The fixing rainproof box (13) in middle part;In displacement transducer (1), monitoring and warning terminal (3), accumulator (4) fixed case;Displacement transducer (1) and rain sensor (2) access monitoring and warning terminal (3) by wire;Monitoring post (14) is connected with high-quality tightrope (7) with between displacement transducer (1), produces constant-tension by counterweight by pulley。
Monitoring system carries out initial setting up immediately after installing, and displacement, rainfall measurement are made return-to-zero。First impact guardrail net (15) when there being mud-rock flow to occur, and it is mobile to promote monitoring stake (14) to produce by guardrail net (15);The mobile change that monitoring and warning terminal (3) measures monitoring stake (14) by displacement transducer (1) determines that mud-rock flow occurs, and timely automated startup on-the-spot siren, wireless alarm (8)。Just warning message and measurement data are sent toward remote measurement and control center (5), mobile phone (6) when wireless network is normal。
This utility model is as a kind of debris flow monitoring pre-warning system, owing to have employed high-precision sensing technology, microprocessing, control technology and wireless communication technique;Monitoring section intrinsic displacement and rainfall can be carried out real-time sampling, analysis, judgement, early warning and transmission。When there being mud-rock flow to occur, monitoring and warning terminal, automatically with multimode alert, makes downstream resident or vehicle quickly to make and dodges, and in order to ensure the safety of human life, to reduce, property loss provides Reliable guarantee。Native system is easy to install, and maintenance cost is relatively low, has great application value。

Claims (5)

1. a debris flow monitoring pre-warning system, including displacement transducer, rain sensor, monitoring and warning terminal, wireless alarm, remote measurement and control center, monitoring stake, tightrope;It is characterized in that: monitoring stake is arranged on the flowing area of mud flow, is connected with displacement transducer by tightrope, displacement transducer and rain sensor access monitoring and warning terminal by wire;First impact guardrail net when mud-rock flow occurs, and it is mobile to promote monitoring stake to produce by guardrail net;The mobile change that monitoring and warning terminal measures monitoring stake by displacement transducer determines that mud-rock flow generation sends multimode and reports to the police。
2. debris flow monitoring pre-warning system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described monitoring and warning terminal includes microprocessor, controller, memory, wireless network module, alarm module;Monitoring and warning terminal can complete displacement, the sampling of rainfall, analysis, judgement, early warning, transfer function by the sampling time interval set。
3. debris flow monitoring pre-warning system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described remote measurement and control center completes the setting of monitoring and warning terminal, amendment, and receive measurement data by wireless network, measurement data is carried out comprehensively analysis, judgement, early warning。
4. debris flow monitoring pre-warning system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described wireless alarm is installed on residential block, debris flow gully downstream or road, can install multiple;The identical address coding launched when relying on monitoring and warning terminal alarms, adopts frequency hopping, and near the band limits set, automatic frequency-hopping coupling is reported to the police。
5. debris flow monitoring pre-warning system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: before monitoring stake, there is steel wire。
CN201521081941.9U 2015-12-15 2015-12-15 Mud -rock flow monitoring and early warning system CN205334687U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201521081941.9U CN205334687U (en) 2015-12-15 2015-12-15 Mud -rock flow monitoring and early warning system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201521081941.9U CN205334687U (en) 2015-12-15 2015-12-15 Mud -rock flow monitoring and early warning system

Publications (1)

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CN205334687U true CN205334687U (en) 2016-06-22

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106355538A (en) * 2016-08-26 2017-01-25 中国地质科学院探矿工艺研究所 Collapse prevention engineering system
CN107341950A (en) * 2017-09-07 2017-11-10 中国地质调查局水文地质环境地质调查中心 A kind of geological disaster warning device and method for early warning
CN109584516A (en) * 2019-01-02 2019-04-05 贵州天略信息技术有限公司 A kind of debris flow monitoring pre-warning system
CN110706456A (en) * 2019-10-19 2020-01-17 中国科学院、水利部成都山地灾害与环境研究所 Rapid early warning system for debris flow

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106355538A (en) * 2016-08-26 2017-01-25 中国地质科学院探矿工艺研究所 Collapse prevention engineering system
CN107341950A (en) * 2017-09-07 2017-11-10 中国地质调查局水文地质环境地质调查中心 A kind of geological disaster warning device and method for early warning
CN109584516A (en) * 2019-01-02 2019-04-05 贵州天略信息技术有限公司 A kind of debris flow monitoring pre-warning system
CN110706456A (en) * 2019-10-19 2020-01-17 中国科学院、水利部成都山地灾害与环境研究所 Rapid early warning system for debris flow

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GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
PE01 Entry into force of the registration of the contract for pledge of patent right

Denomination of utility model: Debris flow monitoring and early warning system

Effective date of registration: 20180802

Granted publication date: 20160622

Pledgee: Bank of Zigong Limited by Share Ltd

Pledgor: SICHUAN YUANDE SECURITY DETECTION EQUIPMENT CO., LTD.

Registration number: 2018510000079

Denomination of utility model: Debris flow monitoring and early warning system

Effective date of registration: 20180802

Granted publication date: 20160622

Pledgee: Bank of Zigong Limited by Share Ltd

Pledgor: SICHUAN YUANDE SECURITY DETECTION EQUIPMENT CO., LTD.

Registration number: 2018510000079

PE01 Entry into force of the registration of the contract for pledge of patent right
PC01 Cancellation of the registration of the contract for pledge of patent right

Date of cancellation: 20190807

Granted publication date: 20160622

Pledgee: Bank of Zigong Limited by Share Ltd

Pledgor: SICHUAN YUANDE SECURITY DETECTION EQUIPMENT CO., LTD.

Registration number: 2018510000079

Date of cancellation: 20190807

Granted publication date: 20160622

Pledgee: Bank of Zigong Limited by Share Ltd

Pledgor: SICHUAN YUANDE SECURITY DETECTION EQUIPMENT CO., LTD.

Registration number: 2018510000079

PC01 Cancellation of the registration of the contract for pledge of patent right
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Denomination of utility model: Debris flow monitoring and early-warning system and method

Effective date of registration: 20190812

Granted publication date: 20160622

Pledgee: Bank of Zigong Limited by Share Ltd

Pledgor: SICHUAN YUANDE SECURITY DETECTION EQUIPMENT CO., LTD.

Registration number: Y2019510000006

Denomination of utility model: Debris flow monitoring and early-warning system and method

Effective date of registration: 20190812

Granted publication date: 20160622

Pledgee: Bank of Zigong Limited by Share Ltd

Pledgor: SICHUAN YUANDE SECURITY DETECTION EQUIPMENT CO., LTD.

Registration number: Y2019510000006

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Date of cancellation: 20200909

Granted publication date: 20160622

Pledgee: Bank of Zigong Limited by Share Ltd.

Pledgor: SICHUAN YUANDE SECURITY TESTING EQUIPMENT Co.,Ltd.

Registration number: Y2019510000006

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