CN106887117A - A kind of debris flow monitoring pre-warning system - Google Patents

A kind of debris flow monitoring pre-warning system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106887117A
CN106887117A CN201510976600.6A CN201510976600A CN106887117A CN 106887117 A CN106887117 A CN 106887117A CN 201510976600 A CN201510976600 A CN 201510976600A CN 106887117 A CN106887117 A CN 106887117A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
monitoring
warning
stake
terminal
mud
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201510976600.6A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
熊清远
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Sichuan Yuande Security Detection Equipment Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Sichuan Yuande Security Detection Equipment Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Sichuan Yuande Security Detection Equipment Co Ltd filed Critical Sichuan Yuande Security Detection Equipment Co Ltd
Priority to CN201510976600.6A priority Critical patent/CN106887117A/en
Publication of CN106887117A publication Critical patent/CN106887117A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08BSIGNALLING OR CALLING SYSTEMS; ORDER TELEGRAPHS; ALARM SYSTEMS
    • G08B21/00Alarms responsive to a single specified undesired or abnormal condition and not otherwise provided for
    • G08B21/02Alarms for ensuring the safety of persons
    • G08B21/10Alarms for ensuring the safety of persons responsive to calamitous events, e.g. tornados or earthquakes

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of debris flow monitoring pre-warning system, belong to Geological Hazards Monitoring early warning field.The system makees power supply including displacement transducer, rain sensor, monitoring and warning terminal, wireless alarm, remote measurement and control center, mobile phone, monitoring stake, tightrope etc. using solar energy.Remote measurement and control center, mobile phone can be by wireless network and monitoring and warning terminal real-time communications;Monitoring and warning terminal can be automatically performed to functions such as displacement, the sampling of rainfall, analysis, judgement, early warning, transmission by the sampling time interval of setting;Monitoring stake is arranged in the valley of flowing area of mud flow front end, and is connected with displacement transducer by tightrope.Can in time with live siren, wireless alarm, short message, liaison mode early warning when there is mud-rock flow.With the features such as easy to maintenance, early warning response is timely is installed and used, played an important role to shortening pre-warning time, reduction casualties and property loss.

Description

A kind of debris flow monitoring pre-warning system
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of Geological Hazards Monitoring early warning system, more particularly to a kind of mud-rock flow Monitoring and warning system.
Background technology
Mud-rock flow typically occurs in mountain area or other cheuch deep gullies, the dangerously steep area of landform, because cruelly Rain, severe snow or other natural calamities landslide triggered and the spy for carrying a large amount of silts and stone Different mighty torrent.Because have outburst suddenly, energy is big, break with tremendous force, destructive power is extremely strong the characteristics of, give people People's lives and properties cause great threat and loss.Mud-rock flow is the common serious geological disaster in China mountain area The precautionary measures are taken in one of type, the geological disaster area taken place frequently to mud-rock flow, set up mud-rock flow monitoring Early warning demonstration system is very urgent.
Publication No. CN105023395A, publication date is the Chinese patent text on November 04th, 2015 Offer and disclose a kind of debris flow monitoring pre-warning system, it is characterised in that the system include two wireropes, Line-breakage sensor, radio transmitting device and remote supervisory.When the scale that mud-rock flow occurs reaches master During wirerope height, monitoring line-breakage sensor produces a switching signal to sentence when being flicked by impact tension The generation and early warning of disconnected mud-rock flow.But, typically it is difficult to find suitable place fixation steel in monitoring section Cable, even if its difficulty of construction is also very big after finding.On the other hand, if mud-rock flow can not make to break in time Line sensor produces switching signal, and mud-stone flow disaster will be produced to fail to report or postpone early warning.
The content of the invention
The present invention provide it is a kind of by scene to displacement, the Real-time Collection of rainfall, analyze, process, sentence Disconnected, early warning and the debris flow monitoring pre-warning system of Radio Transmission Technology, the system can effectively improve mudstone Flow the reliability of monitoring and warning, and reduce monitoring system install and use maintenance cost.
In order to realize foregoing invention purpose, the technical solution adopted by the present invention is:
A kind of debris flow monitoring pre-warning system, including displacement transducer, rain sensor, monitoring and warning Terminal, remote measurement and control center, mobile phone, wireless alarm, monitoring stake, tightrope;By rainfall, position The timely collection of shifting is alarmed come the generation and automatic multimode for judging mud-rock flow.
It is characterized in that:Described monitoring and warning terminal include microprocessor, controller, memory, Wireless network module, alarm module;Microprocessor real-time processing sampled data, wireless network module is born Duty and remote measurement and control center, the communication of mobile phone;It is automatically performed by the sampling time interval of setting and is adopted The functions such as sample, analysis, judgement, early warning, transmission;Have during early warning live siren, short message, phone, Wireless transmission mode;
Described remote measurement and control carries out data transmission and sets centrally through wireless network with monitoring and warning terminal Put, and preserve whole measurement data;
The identical address coding launched when described wireless alarm is by with monitoring and warning terminal alarms, Using frequency hopping, the automatic frequency-hopping matching alarm near the band limits of setting;Can make as needed Multiple wireless alarms are used, a pair of wireless alarm distances can reach 1000 meters;
Described displacement transducer is connected by high-quality tightrope with the monitoring stake for being arranged on the flowing area of mud flow Connect, tightrope is tensioned by pulley generation constant-tension with counterweight;
Described rain sensor can in time measure the rainfall rainfall and rainfall intensity situation of locality;
Described monitoring stake is arranged in the valley of flowing area of mud flow front end, and is above being installed Guardrail net;
Described monitoring system provides supply of electric power by solar energy.
Monitoring stake is installed in the valley of flowing area of mud flow front end, base is buried on slope ridge nearby Rain sensor and solar panels are installed in quasi- stake, reference stake top, and rainproof box is fixed at middle part.Position In displacement sensor, monitoring and warning terminal, battery fixed case;Rain sensor, displacement sensing The wire of device accesses monitoring and warning terminal.Connected with high-quality tightrope between monitoring stake and displacement transducer Connect.Multiple wireless alarms are arranged on local-style dwelling houses or near roads, and remote measurement and control is centrally disposed in government Emergency center, can receive displacement, the rainfall monitoring data of monitoring and warning terminal transmission.When mud-rock flow hair Guardrail net is impacted when raw first, and promotes monitoring stake to produce movement by guardrail net;Monitoring and warning Terminal is measured the mobile change of monitoring stake and is sent out determining mud-rock flow to occur by displacement transducer Go out multimode warning.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the invention
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the present invention
Marked in figure:1st, displacement transducer, 2, rain sensor, 3, monitoring and warning terminal, 4, Battery, 5, remote measurement and control center, 6, mobile phone, 7, tightrope, 11, solar panels, reference stake, 13rd, rainproof box, 14, monitoring stake, 15, guardrail net.
Specific embodiment
The present invention is made further specifically below in conjunction with specification drawings and specific embodiments It is bright.
As shown in Fig. 2 a kind of debris flow monitoring pre-warning system, mainly includes:Displacement transducer, rainfall Sensor, monitoring and warning terminal, remote measurement and control center, mobile phone, wireless launcher, wireless alarm. In the valley of flowing area of mud flow front end bury monitoring stake (14), before plus guardrail net (15) False alarm is produced to prevent Rolling Stone (or the stone carried secretly in flood) from running into;Neighbouring slope ridge Upper embedded reference stake (12), rain sensor (2) and the sun are installed in reference stake (12) top Can plate (11);Rainproof box (13) is fixed at middle part;Displacement transducer (1), monitoring and warning In terminal (3), battery (4) fixed case;Displacement transducer (1) and rain sensor (2) Monitoring and warning terminal (3) is accessed by wire;Between monitoring post (14) and displacement transducer (1) Connected with high-quality tightrope (7), constant-tension is produced by pulley with counterweight.
Monitoring system carries out initial setting up immediately after installing, and displacement, rainfall measurement are made to return Zero treatment.Impact guardrail net (15) first when there is mud-rock flow to occur, and by guardrail net (15) Monitoring stake (14) is promoted to produce movement;Monitoring and warning terminal (3) is by displacement transducer (1) The mobile change of monitoring stake (14) is measured to determine that mud-rock flow occurs, and timely automated startup is existing Field siren, wireless alarm.It is just that warning message and measurement data is past when wireless network is normal Remote measurement and control center, mobile phone send.
The present invention as a kind of debris flow monitoring pre-warning system, as a result of high-precision sensing skill Art, microprocessing, control technology and wireless communication technique;Can be to monitoring section intrinsic displacement and rain Amount carries out real-time sampling, analysis, judgement, early warning and transmission.When there is mud-rock flow to occur, monitoring Forewarning Terminal is automatic with multimode alert, downstream resident or vehicle is quickly made Avoid, Reliable guarantee is provided to ensure the safety of human life, reducing property loss.The system is installed to be made With conveniently, maintenance cost is relatively low, with great application value.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of debris flow monitoring pre-warning system, including displacement transducer, rain sensor, monitoring are pre- Alert terminal, wireless alarm, remote measurement and control center, monitoring stake, tightrope;It is characterized in that:Monitoring Stake is arranged on the flowing area of mud flow, is connected with displacement transducer by tightrope, displacement transducer and rainfall Sensor accesses monitoring and warning terminal by wire;Guardrail net is impacted first when mud-rock flow occurs, And promote monitoring stake to produce movement by guardrail net;Monitoring and warning terminal is surveyed by displacement transducer Go out the mobile change of monitoring stake determine mud-rock flow occur and send multimode alarm.
2. debris flow monitoring pre-warning system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The prison Surveying Forewarning Terminal includes microprocessor, controller, memory, wireless network module, alarm module; And can press setting sampling time interval complete to displacement, the sampling of rainfall, analysis, judgement, early warning, The functions such as transmission.
3. debris flow monitoring pre-warning system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:It is described remote Journey measurement and control center completes setting, the modification to monitoring and warning terminal, and receives measurement by wireless network Data, comprehensive analysis, judgement, early warning are carried out to measurement data.
4. debris flow monitoring pre-warning system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described Wireless alarm is installed on debris flow gully downstream residential block or road, can install multiple;By with The identical address coding launched during monitoring and warning terminal alarms, using frequency hopping, in the frequency range of setting The scope alarm of automatic frequency-hopping matching nearby.
5. debris flow monitoring pre-warning system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:In monitoring There is steel wire before stake.
CN201510976600.6A 2015-12-15 2015-12-15 A kind of debris flow monitoring pre-warning system Pending CN106887117A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510976600.6A CN106887117A (en) 2015-12-15 2015-12-15 A kind of debris flow monitoring pre-warning system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510976600.6A CN106887117A (en) 2015-12-15 2015-12-15 A kind of debris flow monitoring pre-warning system

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN106887117A true CN106887117A (en) 2017-06-23

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CN201510976600.6A Pending CN106887117A (en) 2015-12-15 2015-12-15 A kind of debris flow monitoring pre-warning system

Country Status (1)

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CN (1) CN106887117A (en)

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107481483A (en) * 2017-08-31 2017-12-15 成都英孚克斯科技有限公司 A kind of equipment working condition on-line monitoring equipment
CN108492531A (en) * 2018-03-21 2018-09-04 遵义师范学院 A kind of disaster early warning system and installation method based on wireless sensor network
CN111353687A (en) * 2020-01-16 2020-06-30 黑龙江科技大学 Coal mine emergency rescue command information management system and method thereof
CN112037474A (en) * 2020-09-08 2020-12-04 中国科学院、水利部成都山地灾害与环境研究所 Multi-sensor hierarchical debris flow monitoring and early warning method, system and computer equipment

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107481483A (en) * 2017-08-31 2017-12-15 成都英孚克斯科技有限公司 A kind of equipment working condition on-line monitoring equipment
CN108492531A (en) * 2018-03-21 2018-09-04 遵义师范学院 A kind of disaster early warning system and installation method based on wireless sensor network
CN108492531B (en) * 2018-03-21 2019-09-06 遵义师范学院 A kind of disaster early warning system and installation method based on wireless sensor network
CN111353687A (en) * 2020-01-16 2020-06-30 黑龙江科技大学 Coal mine emergency rescue command information management system and method thereof
CN112037474A (en) * 2020-09-08 2020-12-04 中国科学院、水利部成都山地灾害与环境研究所 Multi-sensor hierarchical debris flow monitoring and early warning method, system and computer equipment

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