CN202374806U - Recycled water underground vertical irrigation emitter - Google Patents

Recycled water underground vertical irrigation emitter Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202374806U
CN202374806U CN 201220001610 CN201220001610U CN202374806U CN 202374806 U CN202374806 U CN 202374806U CN 201220001610 CN201220001610 CN 201220001610 CN 201220001610 U CN201220001610 U CN 201220001610U CN 202374806 U CN202374806 U CN 202374806U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
water
irrigator
irrigation
base body
hard base
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN 201220001610
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
焦有权
石青
冯仲科
李春亭
李燕
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Beijing Vocational College of Agriculture
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Beijing Vocational College of Agriculture
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Priority to CN 201220001610 priority Critical patent/CN202374806U/en
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Publication of CN202374806U publication Critical patent/CN202374806U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a recycled water underground vertical irrigation emitter and belongs to the field of a range of agricultural irrigation equipment. The irrigation emitter integrally comprises a hard support body and a permeation irrigation pipeline; the permeation irrigation pipeline is arranged inside the hard support body; at least three drippers are distributed on the hard support body; an outlet of the irrigation emitter is arranged under the ground; the outlet of the irrigation emitter is connected with a water delivery hair canal by a connecting piece; water flow of the water delivery hair canal directly enters the permeation irrigation pipeline and enters the drippers on the outer wall of the hard support body by seepage flow, so that solid particles in the water flow are remained in the permeation irrigation pipeline; the water flow directly flows into a soil layer through the drippers on the hard support body and due to different positions of the drippers, the water flow can be distributed around plants in a more centralized and uniform mode; a semicircular handle part is arranged at the uppermost part of the hard support body on the outer layer of the irrigation emitter and can be pulled out of the soil layer, so that after each irrigation season is finished, the solid particles in the permeation irrigation pipeline can be cleaned and the recycled water underground vertical irrigation emitter is also convenient to overhaul and replace.

Description

The underground vertical irrigator of a kind of recycled water
Technical field
The utility model belongs to the field of agricultural irrigation device range, specifically, is the underground vertical irrigator of a kind of recycled water.
Background technology
From the source of irrigation water type, can be used for the water body of irrigating in the natural water resources, two kinds of surface water, underground water are arranged.Surface water comprises the rainwash of retaining in river flow, lake and the process of confluxing.Underground water has phreatic water and deep phreatic water.Urban sewage and irrigation return flow are used for irrigating, and are the recyclings of water resource.In the northern city of China, urban sewage and industrial wastewater have become one of main water source of some farmland, suburb (comprising field of vegetables, rice field and wheatland etc.) irrigation water through purifying.Obtained certain economic benefits though do like this, the structure of can improving the soil moisturizes and nutriment in a fertilizer, makes crop yield, and on average each cubic metre sanitary sewage can increase production the about 0.5kg of wheat or paddy; But dirty the filling also embodied some shortcomings; The part farmland; Cause the farmland to be worsened and the agriculture underproduction owing to irrigating with poisonous and hazardous industrial wastewater, the large tracts of land reclaimed water for irrigation is also brought the pollution of each side such as air, soil, surface water, especially handles bad recycled water in the surface irrigation process; Distribute a large amount of toxic gas, also have water droplet, runoff that surrounding buildings, crop blade face and human body are all brought harm.
From irrigation method, now drip emitter has two kinds to infiltrate mode, and a kind of is the water dropper that point source infiltrates, because distribution of soil water is a stratiform in the point source drip irrigation wetting body, and wetting body or be the semiellipsoid shape, or be column.Separate between the wetting body, a wetting body is only served the miniature crop suction of a strain, and its irrigation method is difficult to satisfy for large-scale individual plants.Second kind is the line source wetting front; The problem that not only has moistening width; Also there is whether inhomogeneity problem of moisture distribution; Be not meant on the drip irrigation pipe each water dropper inhomogeneity problem of effluenting, and be meant the humid region of a formation of respectively dripping is connected whether form uniform humid zone each other, so have great difficulty at design aspect.
Summary of the invention
To the problems referred to above, the purpose of the utility model provides the underground vertical irrigator of a kind of recycled water.Be used for the water of executing to big-and-middle-sized individual plant crop.
In irrigation system, distribute corresponding water delivery hollow billet according to plant water requirement size, distribute n (i.e. 3≤n≤10) around plant, the utility model improves to the single irrigator of water delivery hollow billet subordinate, provides a kind of recycled water underground vertical irrigator.
The irrigator of the utility model is mainly used in subsurface, and preferred vertical is inserted underground.Irrigator integral body comprises hard base body and infiltrating irrigation pipe, and the infiltrating irrigation pipe is in the inside of hard base body, and at least three water droppers distribute on the hard base body.The length of infiltrating irrigation pipe is less than the length of hard base body, and the hard base body is a tubulose, hard base body material selection stainless steel or PVC; Hard base body tip is the conical or pyrometric cone shape of entity, and the water dropper vertical demixing on the hard base body is arranged, arranges point-blank; The adjacent entity conical upper of first water dropper is provided with; The outlet of irrigator places below ground, and the outlet of irrigator adopts connector to link to each other with the water delivery hollow billet, and the topmost of hard base body has a semi-circular handle piece.
The utility model is owing to take above technical scheme, and it has the following advantages:
1, the underground vertical irrigator of the utility model recycled water is owing to directly insert below ground, and the liquid manure of will pouring water is applied directly to the crop root district, has reduced loss of moisture runoff and evaporation in the surface irrigation;
2, the underground vertical irrigator of the utility model recycled water is because the water dropper vertical demixing arranges that the water yield is concentrated on soil layer evenly distribute, and induce root system to the bottom development growth, the plant strain growth desired nutritional is more plentiful;
3. the underground vertical irrigator of the utility model recycled water is because emitter outlet places below ground; Influence to atmospheric environment is almost nil; Do not produce rainwash and ponding, other crops of the face of land and building are not produced effect, thereby be null value yet the harm of human body.
4. brought up to more than 10 years by present 6 years the service life of the underground vertical irrigator of this practical new recycled water, reduce and irrigate loss 10%, improve fertilizer efficiency 20%.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is vertical irrigator sketch map.
The semi-circular handle piece 5-of 1-hard base body 2-infiltrating irrigation pipe 3-water delivery hollow billet 4-insert emitter 6-insert emitter 7-insert emitter 8-bite type is adjustable to the end tee pipe coupling
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and embodiment the utility model is carried out detailed description.
In the irrigation system, aqueduct is divided into main, arm (branched pipe) and water delivery hollow billet, and arm is the secondary pipeline of irrigator water delivery; The water delivery hollow billet is the final stage pipeline of irrigator water distribution, and in the irrigation system, irrigator generally is placed on the water delivery hollow billet; General placement filter device between the arm of irrigation system and water delivery hollow billet, recycled water gets into the water delivery hollow billet again through arm arrival filter; Can prevent that irrigator from stopping up, distribute the suitable water yield to arrive strain position regional soil via filter again.
Irrigator integral body is divided into internal layer and skin, and outer field hard base body is a tubulose, is made by hard material, preferred stainless steel or pvc, and the entity cone-shaped is made at hard base body tip, and preferred conical or triangular pyramidal are convenient to insert soil layer.At least three water droppers of distribution on the hard base body, three insert emitter vertical demixings that preferred size equates are arranged, arrange point-blank, are convenient to current direction and flow out outward.In the entity conical upper first water dropper is set, i.e. the adjacent entity taper of first water dropper.The irrigator internal layer is an infiltrating irrigation pipe.The length of infiltrating irrigation pipe is less than the length of hard base body, and the infiltrating irrigation pipe preferably is close to the inwall of hard base body.The outlet of irrigator places below ground; The outlet of irrigator adopts connector to be connected with the water delivery hollow billet; Described connector adopts bite type adjustable to end tee pipe coupling (GB/T 3741-2008); The current of water delivery hollow billet just directly get into the infiltrating irrigation pipe, get into the water dropper on the hard base body outer wall through seepage flow, and the solid particle in the current is stayed the infiltrating irrigation pipe like this.Current flow directly in the soil layer through the water dropper on the hard base body because the position of water dropper is different, so current can more concentrate be evenly distributed in plant around.The topmost of the outer hard base body of irrigator has a semi-circular handle piece, can its drawing be gone out soil layer, and after finishing each irrigation season, the solid particle in the pipe for osmotic irrigation can wash, also easy access and replacing.
Embodiment
The underground vertical irrigator of the utility model recycled water is made the shape that vertical buried hard is plugged in pole; In one embodiment, the whole long 70cm of irrigator, integral body is divided into internal layer and skin; Skin is a hard base body 1; It is PVC that hard base body 1 adopts material, and hard base body 1 is a tubulose, is divided into inner and outer wall two parts; Hard base body 1 tip is the sharp entity triangular pyramidal structure in tip, three water droppers that distribute on the hard base body 1, and said water dropper is an insert emitter, is respectively insert emitter 5, insert emitter 6 and insert emitter 7.Equal-sized three water dropper vertical demixings are arranged; Arrange point-blank; From the tip vertically upward: most advanced and sophisticated and insert emitter 5 at a distance of 10cm, be that insert emitter be the triangular pyramidal of entity 5 below, insert emitter 5 and insert emitter 6 25cm, insert emitter 6 and insert emitter 7 20cm distribution apart apart; Insert emitter 7 and top are at a distance of 15cm; Internal layer is an infiltrating irrigation pipe 2, infiltrating irrigation pipe 2 long 55cm, and infiltrating irrigation pipe 2 is close to the inwall of hard base body 1.Emitter outlet places below ground; The outlet of irrigator adopts bite type adjustable to holding tee pipe coupling 8 to be connected with the water delivery hollow billet; Recycled water gets into infiltrating irrigation pipe 2 through water delivery hollow billet 3, and seepage flow gets into insert emitter 5, insert emitter 6 and the insert emitter 7 on the hard base body 1 then, can solid particle be stayed in the infiltrating irrigation pipe 2; Infiltrating irrigation pipe 2 plays the effect of filtration, and recycled water finally arrives the diverse location of soil layer through insert emitter 5, insert emitter 6 and insert emitter 7.Irrigator has a semi-circular handle piece 4 at hard base body 1 topmost, can the irrigator drawing be gone out soil layer, easy access and replacing thereof.
Above-mentioned each embodiment only is used to explain the utility model; Wherein the structure of each parts, connected mode etc. all can change to some extent; Every equivalents of on the basis of the utility model technical scheme, carrying out and improvement all should not got rid of outside the protection domain of the utility model.

Claims (9)

1. underground vertical irrigator of recycled water is characterized in that: comprise hard base body and infiltrating irrigation pipe, the infiltrating irrigation pipe is in the inside of hard base body, and at least three water droppers distribute on the hard base body.
2. the underground vertical irrigator of a kind of recycled water as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: the length of said infiltrating irrigation pipe is less than the length of hard base body.
3. the underground vertical irrigator of a kind of according to claim 1 recycled water, it is characterized in that: said hard base body is a tubulose.
4. the underground vertical irrigator of a kind of according to claim 1 recycled water is characterized in that: said hard base body material selection stainless steel or PVC.
5. the underground vertical irrigator of a kind of according to claim 1 recycled water is characterized in that: said hard base body is most advanced and sophisticated to be the conical or pyrometric cone shape of entity.
6. the underground vertical irrigator of a kind of according to claim 1 recycled water is characterized in that: the water dropper vertical demixing on the said hard base body is arranged, arranges point-blank.
7. the underground vertical irrigator of a kind of according to claim 1 recycled water is characterized in that: the adjacent entity conical upper of first in the described water dropper is provided with.
8. the underground vertical irrigator of a kind of according to claim 1 recycled water is characterized in that: the topmost of said hard base body has a semi-circular handle piece.
9. the underground vertical irrigator of a kind of according to claim 1 recycled water, it is characterized in that: the outlet of said irrigator places below ground, and the outlet of irrigator adopts connector to link to each other with the water delivery hollow billet.
CN 201220001610 2012-01-04 2012-01-04 Recycled water underground vertical irrigation emitter Expired - Fee Related CN202374806U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220001610 CN202374806U (en) 2012-01-04 2012-01-04 Recycled water underground vertical irrigation emitter

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220001610 CN202374806U (en) 2012-01-04 2012-01-04 Recycled water underground vertical irrigation emitter

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CN202374806U true CN202374806U (en) 2012-08-15

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103041938A (en) * 2013-01-14 2013-04-17 西北农林科技大学 Layered watering dripper capable of preventing potting soil from being hardened
CN103704096A (en) * 2013-12-31 2014-04-09 北京东方园林股份有限公司 Water-permeable water storage pipe capable of being recycled
CN105830880A (en) * 2016-05-23 2016-08-10 甘肃省治沙研究所 Gradient type root irrigation system
CN107509613A (en) * 2017-10-20 2017-12-26 中国农业科学院农田灌溉研究所 A kind of underground self-induction integral type irrigation rig
CN108934935A (en) * 2018-05-29 2018-12-07 安徽国川环境技术有限公司 A kind of agricultural irrigation drip irrigation appliance

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103041938A (en) * 2013-01-14 2013-04-17 西北农林科技大学 Layered watering dripper capable of preventing potting soil from being hardened
CN103704096A (en) * 2013-12-31 2014-04-09 北京东方园林股份有限公司 Water-permeable water storage pipe capable of being recycled
CN103704096B (en) * 2013-12-31 2016-02-03 北京东方园林股份有限公司 A kind of infiltration standpipe that can be recycled
CN105830880A (en) * 2016-05-23 2016-08-10 甘肃省治沙研究所 Gradient type root irrigation system
CN107509613A (en) * 2017-10-20 2017-12-26 中国农业科学院农田灌溉研究所 A kind of underground self-induction integral type irrigation rig
CN107509613B (en) * 2017-10-20 2023-07-04 中国农业科学院农田灌溉研究所 Underground self-induction integrated irrigation device
CN108934935A (en) * 2018-05-29 2018-12-07 安徽国川环境技术有限公司 A kind of agricultural irrigation drip irrigation appliance

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20120815

Termination date: 20150104

EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model