CN202291409U - Selective laser melting rapid molding equipment for directly fabricating large-sized parts - Google Patents

Selective laser melting rapid molding equipment for directly fabricating large-sized parts Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202291409U
CN202291409U CN2011202516312U CN201120251631U CN202291409U CN 202291409 U CN202291409 U CN 202291409U CN 2011202516312 U CN2011202516312 U CN 2011202516312U CN 201120251631 U CN201120251631 U CN 201120251631U CN 202291409 U CN202291409 U CN 202291409U
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CN
China
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optical
powder
substrate
molding equipment
rapid molding
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CN2011202516312U
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Chinese (zh)
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曾晓雁
王泽敏
关凯
胡乾午
李祥友
高明
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华中科技大学
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Abstract

The utility model discloses selective laser melting rapid molding equipment for directly fabricating large-sized parts, which mainly comprises a laser array, an optical system array, a molding cylinder, a molding cylinder three-dimensional sectional heating thermal insulation structure, a molding cylinder weight balancing system, a substrate leveling device, double recovery cylinders, double powder storage tanks, double quantitative powder feeding and falling devices, a powder spreading device, a protective atmosphere hood, a gas purification system and a control system. The adopted optical system array is constructed by a plurality of optical system units and mechanical mobile platforms, and the coverage area of the optical system can be randomly expanded or reduced. The parts fabricated by adopting the selective laser melting rapid molding equipment for directly fabricating the large-sized parts are far greater than the parts fabricated by the domestic and overseas selective laser melting technology at present in dimension. The molding efficiency is increased manifold without changing the molding precision or the complexity and the mechanical behaviors of the parts.

Description

Directly make the precinct laser fusion rapid molding equipment of large parts
Technical field
The utility model belongs to laser and makes the field fast, is specifically related to the precinct laser fusion rapid molding equipment of the fine and close parts of a kind of large scale, high accuracy and labyrinth, and parts can be metal, nonmetal or metal and nonmetallic composite.
Background technology
The directly quick finished parts of laser have dual mode at present: a kind of direct manufacturing technology of laser melting coating (Direct Laser Fabrication-DLF) that is based on synchronous powder feeding system or wire feed process; It is but that laser Machining head is fixed on lathe Z on the kinematic axis that moves; Utilize metal dust or wire fusing that focussed laser beam will send into synchronously, through the individual layer manufacturing according to the mobile realization parts of planned trajectory of control workbench on the XY plane.After the manufacturing of accomplishing an aspect, Z repeats last process then to the rising certain distance, is layering up to realizing the three-dimensionally shaped of parts; Second kind of precinct laser fusion rapid molding technology (Selective Laser Melting-SLM) that is based on the shop powder; Its basic functional principle is the certain thickness powder of tiling in working cylinder; According to the control of computer, the mode of laser beam through vibration mirror scanning optionally melts the fore-put powder layer according to the slicing treatment result of three-dimensional parts figure.Subsequent working cylinder decline certain distance is also spread powder once more, and laser beam is in the manufacturing of accomplishing one deck under the parts under the drive of galvanometer once more according to the 3-D graphic of parts.So repeat to spread degradation operation under powder, scanning and the working cylinder, thereby realize the manufacturing of three-dimensional parts.
But machinable element size of the direct manufacturing technology of laser melting coating and lathe processing dimension based on automatic powder feeding and wire feed process are in close relations.This processing mode generally uses power at the Nd:YAG more than 1 kilowatt, CO 2Or optical fiber laser; Laser focuses on the back and forms bigger molten bath at surface of the work, in the molten bath, sends into alloy powder or wire, and the height and the width of the single track cladding layer that forms after the material consolidation of being added are bigger; The dimensional accuracy of moulding parts is not high; Need carry out follow-up machining processes, the whole speed that moves of lathe is not high simultaneously, and process velocity faster can not be provided.In addition, quality is big during owing to machine tool motion, inertia is big, acceleration is little, not only influences working (machining) efficiency, and also bigger for the crudy influence of corner, start-stop position etc.Because based on the restriction of the laser melting coating Direct Manufacture Process self-technique principle features of automatic powder feeding and wire feed, this method can't be carried out the forming parts (as having complicated inner cavity and hanging structure etc.) of some shape relative complex.
The precinct laser fusion rapid molding technology can realize the moulding of any complicated shape parts, and existing both at home and abroad some related patent U.S. Patent No. are open.United States Patent (USP) " PROCESS AND DEVICE FOR PRODUCING A SHAPED BODY BY SELECTIVE LASER the MELTING " (patent No.: US7047098) describe a kind of precinct laser fusion manufacturing process and equipment thereof that utilizes three-dimensional digital model to make fine and close part in detail.Powder is gone into the powder bucket by the powder storage chamber body drop of top in this equipment, and powder bucket below is provided with power spreading device, and this power spreading device tiles powder to formation cylinder, and unnecessary powder is sent in the recovery cavity.Adopt the movement locus of galvanometer scanning system control laser at processing plane, focussed laser beam is accomplished fusing, the solidification forming of part in this layer pattern according to the formed machining locus of the slice of data of metallic element threedimensional model.Then, moulding cylinder Z axle decline certain height repeats to spread the process of powder, the fusing of laser constituency, so repeatedly, finally obtains 3 d part.The advantage of the precinct laser fusion rapid molding equipment that this patent is related is that power spreading device has unique brush type and dodges the frame for movement of structure and powder sending quantity automatic control, revise or avoid in the forming process before one deck processing flatness inadequately to the influence of shop powder precision.Although its shortcoming has been to adopt the powder feeding structure of powder formula of falling, improved working (machining) efficiency to a certain extent, itself there is the defective on certain efficient in unidirectional powder feeding.
Domestic patent documentation " a kind of metal parts precinct laser fusion quick forming method and device thereof " (patent publication No.: CN 1603031A) disclose a kind of precinct laser fusion quick shaping device.It adopts the powder feeding cylinder to place the top powder formula automatic powder feeding system below the working face, has improved the apparent density of powder to be processed in the moulding cylinder, but is unfavorable for the lifting of forming efficiency.It also adopts powder-laying roller to spread powder, is easy to generate to glue powder and shake, and difficulty obtains not only thin but also uniform high-quality shop powder effect, finally influences the performance and the quality of part.Chinese patent document " a kind of rapid forming system of direct manufacturing metal parts " (patent publication No.: CN 1631582A) describe a kind of precinct laser rapid forming system equally in detail.Its adopts the two-way relatively efficiently powder shop powder structure that falls, and uses the hard scraper plate as shop powder instrument simultaneously, has improved shop opaque amount.But; The open powder structure of being selected for use that falls has caused bigger dust pollution to the whole machining process environment; Reduced the effective power of laser, and its laser motion control structure of selecting for use is made up of up and down polariscope, slide block and guide rail, thus in the scanning process up and down polariscope realize laser focal beam spot moving on machined surface with slide block in motion on the guide rail; This structure has defectives such as movement velocity is slow, motion process instability, makes the element precision of its processing and performance be difficult to meet the demands.In addition, also there is a common shortcoming in preceding two patents, and the optical system that equipment adopted is and only contains a laser scanning galvanometer and optical focus mirror system, and the accessory size that therefore not only can process is very limited, and working (machining) efficiency is also lower.
Except that disclosed patent documentation; External existing how tame equipment manufacturers develop the precinct laser fusion quickly shaping device; Mainly the DTM company with EOS company, CONCEPT Laser and the U.S. of Germany is representative, and the precinct laser fusion quickly shaping device that they manufacture and design is comparatively ripe.Wherein the equipment of EOS company adopts the scanning galvanometer that rotary inertia is little, response speed is fast; The high speed that realization is up to 7m/s accurately scans; Focus on the back spot diameter simultaneously carefully to 100 μ m; The heat affected area is less, the dimensional accuracy of moulding parts is high, surface roughness is low, and minimum thin-wall construction about can moulding 0.08mm.And DTM company adopts non-metal powder or mixed-powders such as laser fusion resin, and the bonding between realizing between powder particle is accomplished the manufacturing of non-metal workpiece.But the process component of the said equipment is size-constrained in optics such as laser galvanometer, f-θ compound lens, and the breadth of the maximum of the apparatus processing of the said firm processing at present is 250mm * 250mm, can't carry out the more processing of large-scale part.CONCEPT Laser company then adopts mechanical mobile platform to carry a laser scanning galvanometer; Expansion by a relatively large margin the laser machining area that can cover; Make the precinct laser fusion quickly shaping device can processing parts size significantly strengthen, the breadth of the maximum of the said firm's equipment processing at present is 800mm * 500mm.Its shortcoming is that working (machining) efficiency is low, and a low power laser instrument is made large-scale part and can't be satisfied the important requirement of RP technique for the production cycle.
It is thus clear that mainly there are following three aspect problems in the directly quick manufacturing parts of laser at present:
(1) but the size of processing parts and dimensional accuracy contradict.Directly make the direct manufacturing that the parts technology can realize other large-scale part of " rice " level based on the laser melting coating of automatic powder feeding, but its dimensional accuracy then can only reach " millimeter " rank; The machining accuracy that the precinct laser fusion rapid molding technology can realize can reach " micron " rank; But its processing dimension is subject to existing optics, does not adopt maximum under the situation of frame for movement mobile optical device can only reach the processing breadth of 250mm * 250mm.If adopt the frame for movement moving optical system, working (machining) efficiency then declines to a great extent.
(2) but the complex-shaped degree of processing parts and the size of part contradict.Based on the laser melting coating of automatic powder feeding directly make the parts technology can only the straight forming large scale, the blank of simple shape; Although precinct laser fusion rapid molding parts technology does not receive the influence of part complexity, the size of part is far smaller than the former.
(3) but the dimensional accuracy of processing parts and working (machining) efficiency contradict.The working (machining) efficiency of high accuracy precinct laser fusion rapid molding technology is merely 2-20mm 3/ s, be low machining accuracy automatic powder feeding laser melting coating Rapid Manufacturing Technology 1/5th in addition lower.
In a word, the fast direct finished parts method of existing laser can't realize the organic unity that large scale, high efficiency, high accuracy and high complexity are made.
In addition, no matter from patent both domestic and external still from external existing industrial applications equipment, existing equipment or precision are not high, performance is bad, or forming efficiency is low, or can't carry out the processing etc. of large-scale part.Therefore, the precinct laser fusion former of a kind of large-scale part that can efficiently produce precision height, excellent performance of invention is significant.
Summary of the invention
All deficiencies to the prior art existence; The utility model provides a kind of precinct laser fusion rapid molding equipment of direct manufacturing large parts; This equipment can high efficiency, make the parts that full-size reaches the large complicated shape of " rice " level accurately, and the surface smoothness of parts is very high.
The utility model discloses a kind of precinct laser fusion rapid molding equipment of direct manufacturing large parts, this equipment comprises substrate, the substrate elevating motion; The moulding cylinder, first reclaims cylinder, power spreading device and control system; It is characterized in that this equipment comprises laser array, optical system; Moulding cylinder weight balancing mechanism, and first powder feeding mechanism;
First reclaims the side that cylinder is positioned at the moulding cylinder, and both surfaces are same plane and as processing plane, and power spreading device moves on processing plane; First powder feeding mechanism lays respectively at optical system and unifies side; Optical system is positioned at moulding cylinder top, and laser array is made up of at least one laser instrument, and the laser beam that laser instrument sends focuses on the moulding cylinder surfaces via optical system;
In the moulding cylinder substrate is housed, the substrate below is provided with elevating movement mechanism and connects, and elevating movement mechanism drives substrate and in the moulding cylinder, moves up and down, and moulding cylinder weight balancing mechanism is positioned at the bottom of equipment, and acts in the elevating movement mechanism.
The utlity model has following technique effect:
(1) the utility model is arranged one or several and even tens of laser instruments and corresponding optical system with fixed array distribution pattern, mobile platform pattern or the two mixed mode, only needs quantity or the size of mobile platform and the processing request that quantity can satisfy arbitrary dimension and Shape Parts through increase and decrease laser instrument and optical system.
(2) the utility model can be according to the optical system of the pattern of building optimize to(for) different demands such as working (machining) efficiency, platform building costs; Wherein fixed array distribution pattern working (machining) efficiency is the highest, and mobile platform pattern and mixed mode can significantly reduce the construction cost of platform with this sacrificing the quantity that reduces laser instrument and optical system under the condition of certain efficient.
(3) adopt the quantitative two-way powder feeding structure of powder formula of sealing, realized two-way powder laying, simplified the structure of rapid forming equipment and improved the efficient of laser fusion moulding, reduced the manufacturing cost of former and the processing cost of part the moulding cylinder.
(4) the utility model employing moulding cylinder weight balancing mechanism makes in the whole laser formation process of loading on of moulding cylinder drive motors and remains unchanged, thereby guarantees the long-term stability operation of equipment and the machining accuracy of short transverse.
The improved technical scheme of the utility model has following technique effect:
(5) the utility model adopts the mode subregion of also line scanning to carry out forming parts, under the prerequisite that keeps high dimensional accuracy, has increased substantially shaping efficiency, can effectively reduce the thermal stress that produces in the laser formation process simultaneously.
(6) moulding cylinder segmentation heat tracing system carries out omnidistance heat treatment to forming part, reduces the inner thermal stress of part significantly, guarantees the dimensional accuracy and the performance of forming part.
(7) the machining area protective cover of the utility model design can reach the requirement of laser formation to the water oxygen content at short notice, and gets rid of the flue dust that is produced in the laser formation process rapidly.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of first kind of specific embodiment of the utility model precinct laser fusion rapid molding equipment;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of second kind of specific embodiment of the utility model precinct laser fusion rapid molding equipment;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of a kind of optical system unit of the utility model;
Fig. 4 is the concrete implementation sketch map of first kind of fixed array distribution pattern optical system;
Fig. 5 is the concrete implementation sketch map of second kind of fixed array distribution pattern optical system;
Fig. 6 is the concrete implementation sketch map of first kind of mobile platform pattern optical system;
Fig. 7 is the concrete implementation sketch map of second kind of mobile platform pattern optical system;
Fig. 8 is the concrete implementation sketch map of first kind of mixed mode optical system;
Fig. 9 is the concrete implementation sketch map of second kind of mixed mode optical system;
Figure 10 is the third concrete implementation sketch map of mixed mode optical system;
Figure 11 is the 4th a kind of concrete implementation sketch map of mixed mode optical system;
Figure 12 is substrate elevating motion, the segmented heat tracing system of the utility model, the structural representation of moulding cylinder weight balancing mechanism;
Figure 13 is the structural representation of second kind of form of the moulding cylinder weight balancing mechanism of the utility model;
Figure 14 is the first kind of quantitative powder feeding mechanism of the utility model and the structural representation of power spreading device;
Figure 15 is the structural representation of first kind of substrate levelling gear of the utility model;
Figure 16 is first kind of concrete implementation sketch map of protection eyeglass on the protective atmosphere cover cap plate of the utility model;
Figure 17 is second kind of concrete implementation sketch map of protection eyeglass on the protective atmosphere cover cap plate of the utility model;
Figure 18 is the second kind of quantitative powder feeding mechanism of the utility model and the structural representation of power spreading device;
Figure 19 is the part-structure sketch map of second kind of substrate levelling gear of the utility model;
Figure 20 is the structural representation of the built-in optical system embodiment of the utility model;
Figure 21 is a kind of structural representation that installs the optical system unit of hermetically-sealed construction additional of the utility model;
Figure 22 is the structural representation of the third form of the moulding cylinder weight balancing mechanism of the utility model.
The specific embodiment
Below through by embodiment the utility model being described in further detail, but following examples only are illustrative, and the protection domain of the utility model does not receive the restriction of these embodiment.
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of specific embodiment of the precinct laser fusion rapid molding equipment that the utility model is related comprises laser array 1, optical system 3, substrate 8, substrate elevating motion 13, moulding cylinder 7, moulding cylinder weight balancing mechanism 15, reclaims cylinder 6, quantitative powder feeding mechanism 2, power spreading device 12 and control system 14.
The surface of moulding cylinder 7 surfaces and recovery cylinder 6 is that same plane is a processing plane, and power spreading device 12 can side-to-side movement on processing plane.Optical system 3 be positioned at moulding cylinder 7 directly over, quantitatively powder feeding mechanism 2 is positioned at a side of optical system 3.The multiple laser that laser array 1 is sent focuses on moulding cylinder 7 surfaces via optical system 3.
Substrate 8 is housed in the moulding cylinder 7; Substrate 8 is growth substrate of forming part; Its top is powder and part to be formed 9; Substrate 8 is moved up and down in moulding cylinder 7 by elevating movement mechanism 13 drives of its below, and moulding cylinder weight balancing mechanism 15 is positioned at the bottom of equipment, and acts in the elevating movement mechanism 13.
In said structure; Can set up second reclaim in cylinder 6 ', second powder feeding mechanism 2 ', protective atmosphere cover 5, gas purge system 4, substrate levelling gear 11 and the heat tracing system 10 at least one; Wherein, the second recovery cylinder 6 ' and second powder feeding mechanism 2 ' must be set up simultaneously.Protective atmosphere cover 5 must be set up with gas purge system 4 simultaneously.When above-mentioned each parts were all set up simultaneously, its structure was as shown in Figure 2.
Second reclaims cylinder 6 ' and first reclaims the both sides that cylinder 6 lays respectively at moulding cylinder 7; Three's surface is that same plane is a processing plane; Power spreading device 12 can side-to-side movement on processing plane; Shared spaces such as processing plane and power spreading device 12 are shrouded by 5 on protective atmosphere cover, and protective atmosphere cover about 5 is communicated with gas purge system 4 (conveniently gas purge system 4 being drawn as left and right sides two parts in order to draw among Fig. 2) by air inlet and exhaust outlet respectively.The top of protective atmosphere cover 5 is optical system 3, quantitative powder feeding mechanism 2,2 ', in the middle of wherein optical system 3 is positioned at, a quantitative powder feeding mechanism is arranged each side, and the multiple laser that laser array 1 is sent focuses on moulding cylinder 7 surfaces via optical system 3.
The substrate levelling gear of setting up 11 is installed in substrate 8 tops.
The heat tracing system 10 that sets up is located in the moulding cylinder 7, and heat tracing system 10 is a segmented, is made up of jointly the heating arrangement of heating arrangement between substrate 8 and the elevating movement mechanism 13 and moulding cylinder 7 inwalls.This heating arrangement can be various heat forms such as resistance wire, heating plate, eddy-current heating or Far-infrared Heating.
With structure shown in Figure 2 is example, and the control system 14 that is the main body with industrial control computer and motion control card controls each mechanism's coordinated movement of various economic factors.The groundwork process is following:
(1) opens protective atmosphere cover 5, substrate 8 is placed on the heating arrangement in the moulding cylinder 7, substrate 8 is adjusted to level through substrate levelling gear 11.With 5 sealings of protective atmosphere cover and unlatching gas purge system 4, in cover, charge into inert gas by air inlet, and keep circulation, the interior atmosphere of cover is controlled in the required scope of processing.
(2) stl file of part to be formed is imported industrial control computer and obtain the slice of data of part, generate the Laser Processing track of each layer.
(3) quantitatively powder feeder 2 ' is delivered to moulding cylinder 7 surperficial right sides with powder according to the amount of setting; The height of a section of substrate 8 declines; Power spreading device 12 moves to from right to left and reclaims cylinder 6 places, and powder promptly is tiled on the substrate 8, and laser array 1 is sent laser; Optical system 3 control focal beam spots move at processing plane according to machining locus, realize the processing of current layer.
(4) quantitatively powder feeder 2 is delivered to left side, moulding cylinder 7 surface with powder according to the amount of setting; The height of a section of substrate 8 declines; Power spreading device 12 moves to recovery cylinder 6 ' from left to right and locates, the new powder of last layer that on the metal level that has deposited, tiles uniformly, and laser array 1 is sent laser; Optical system 3 control focal beam spots move at processing plane according to machining locus, realize the processing of current layer.
(5) constantly repeating step (3), (4), finally realize part by two-dimentional moulding to three-dimensionally shaped expansion, obtain entity component.
(6) in process, heat tracing system 10 guarantees all the time that along with the continuous decline of substrate 8 opening stage by stage only heating is positioned at the powder and the part of substrate 8 tops.Simultaneously; During every increase one deck; Control system 14 calculates the weight that the moulding cylinder increases according to the slice thickness of part and the apparent density of powder; And control moulding cylinder weight balancing mechanism 15 provides the real-time force of equivalent weight to carry out balance, and the weight that elevating movement mechanism 13 is born remains constant, guarantees substrate 8 easy motions.
Illustrate several kinds of concrete implementations of each parts below.
The laser array of the precinct laser fusion rapid molding equipment that the utility model is related is by one or several and even tens of laser constitutions, and laser instrument can be the CO of middle and high power 2Laser instrument, Nd:YAG laser instrument, optical fiber laser and semiconductor laser etc., its quantity is determined by the Design for optical system structure.
The related optical system of the utility model is to realize that the precinct laser fusion rapid molding equipment high efficiency produces one of the key technology of the large-scale part of precision height, excellent performance.The related optical system of the utility model can adopt fixed array distribution pattern, mobile platform pattern or the two mixed mode.Basic composition structure under the various patterns is an optical system unit; As shown in Figure 3; Each optical system unit comprises beam expanding lens 17, XY laser scanning galvanometer 18, f-θ compound lens 19, and laser sends from light-emitting window 16, focuses on the processing plane through beam expanding lens 17, XY laser scanning galvanometer 18 and f-θ compound lens 19 successively; For preventing flue dust, the optics of mentioning more than the dust pollution, protection eyeglass 20 is installed between f-θ compound lens 19 and processing plane.Optical system unit also can be made up of beam expanding lens and XYZ Three-Dimensional Dynamic focusing scanning galvanometer, and laser sends from light-emitting window 16, focuses on the processing plane through beam expanding lens 17 and XYZ Three-Dimensional Dynamic focusing scanning galvanometer successively.Different according to the pattern that adopts, the related optical system of the utility model also comprises the associated mechanical structure that optical system unit is moved at two dimension or three dimensions.Optical system unit can also adopt in the prior art other any one can carry out laser beam and assemble the optics that is used for Laser Processing.
Fig. 4~Figure 11 has provided fixed array distribution pattern, mobile platform pattern, light path design sketch map in composite mode respectively, but the utility model is not limited to the described optical system of these sketch mapes.Only there is difference in the action of different optical systems in the laser scanning process of each layer, do not exert an influence for the motion process of other structures of equipment, repeats no more at this.
Different according to the processing parts size, the fixed array distribution pattern can adopt several or tens of s' laser instrument and corresponding optical system unit to constitute by arrayed, can be used for the moulding of arbitrary shape part.Laser instrument can corresponding optical system unit, also can be through a plurality of optical system units of beam split correspondence.Fig. 4 has provided first kind of concrete implementation of fixed array distribution pattern optical system; Some optical system units 21 are according to rectangular array and be fixed on the location-plate 22; The position that only needs during practical application location-plate 22 to be placed on optical system place as shown in Figure 2 gets final product, and optical system unit 21 is structure shown in Figure 3.Optical system unit 21 pairing machining area planing methods are following: substrate is divided into some identical or different zones; A small amount of superposed part is arranged between the adjacent area; A zone on the field sweep covered substrate of each optical system unit, the size in this zone and shape are determined by the device (like XY laser scanning galvanometer and f-θ compound lens or XYZ Three-Dimensional Dynamic focusing scanning galvanometer etc.) that optical system adopted.Computer resolves into several regions with the XY plane of three-dimensional part model; Corresponding one by one on shape, size, position with the zone of dividing on the substrate, each optical system unit is according to section graph data constituency melting powder in this unit The corresponding area of computer distribution during laser scanning.All optical system units are worked simultaneously during Laser Processing; The form that the processing of overlapping region can select another optical system unit of optical system unit scanning or not; Form or the mixed sweep form that also can select two optical system units to scan respectively are as the criterion with the crudy of guaranteeing binding site.
Fig. 5 has provided second kind of concrete implementation of fixed array distribution pattern optical system, and some optical system units 21 are arranged and are fixed on the location-plate 22 according to circumference array, can be used for the processing of large-scale circular ring-shaped member.The center line that optical system unit is arranged in circumference array of each bar circumferential point line expression among the figure; The scope that can cover according to optical system unit is from inside to outside arranged layer by layer, covers whole part to guarantee the machining area after all optical system unit combinations.Optical system unit 21 pairing machining area planing methods are similar with first kind of implementation, and difference is and need arranges each zone with the circumference array form according to shape, the size of annulus part.
Adopt the optical system of Fig. 4 and two kinds of fixed array distribution patterns of Fig. 5; The difform metallic element of corresponding respectively processing; Their common advantage is that all laser instruments and optical system unit are worked simultaneously in the scanning process; The constituency melt-forming time of each layer is depended on that group laser instrument and optical system unit that sweep time is the longest, and individual layer is short process time, and working (machining) efficiency is very high.Shortcoming is that the covering in whole machining process zone needs a lot of optical system units and corresponding laser instrument, and the cost that equipment is built is higher.
Optical system unit 21 can be the arrayed of rectangle, circumference form or other arbitrary form.
Fig. 6 has provided first kind of concrete implementation of mobile platform pattern optical system, and this optical system adopts the XY ball-screw to carry optical system unit.In XY ball-screw mobile platform pattern optical system; Optical system unit 21 be directly installed on by X to leading screw 23 and Y on the mobile platform that leading screw 24 constitutes, computer makes its machining area cover whole base plate through control XY ball-screw mobile platform moving optical system unit 21.The machining area planing method of optical system unit 21 is following: by some shapes, the identical or different regional amalgamation part of the size projecting figure on the XY plane; Adjacent area has a small amount of intersection, and each regional shape is determined by the device that optical system adopted with size.When laser scanning manufacturing, computer moves to each regional top through control XY ball-screw mobile platform respectively with optical system unit 21 in a certain order, accomplishes the laser scanning process in these zones successively.
Fig. 7 has provided second kind of concrete implementation of mobile platform pattern optical system, carries optical system unit 21 by circumferential ring around mobile platform, and the dividing mode of machining area is with reference to the optical system of circumference array distribution pattern shown in Figure 5.During Laser Processing, optical system unit 21 move to successively on the circular slide rail 25 each zone above, accomplish the laser scanning process of figures in these zones.
This pattern has enlarged the accessory size that separate unit laser instrument and single optical system unit can be processed by mobile platform; Make precinct laser fusion equipment can forming part size no longer receive the restriction of optical component; But; The precinct laser scan task of each layer all is to be accomplished by this laser instrument and optical system unit, and the processing required time is longer than the fixed array distribution pattern far away, and efficient is very low.
Optical system unit 21 can be installed in the two and three dimensions mobile platform except XY ball-screw and the arbitrary form the circular slide rail.
Fig. 8~Figure 11 is the implementation of four kinds of mixed mode optical systems providing.Fig. 8 is first kind of implementation of mixed mode optical system, and it adopts the XY ball-screw to carry rectangular array pattern optical system 26; Second of the mixed mode optical system kind of implementation among Fig. 9, it adopts circumferential ring to carry rectangular array pattern optical system 26 around mobile platform.Rectangular array pattern optical system 26 is a rectangular array pattern optical system as shown in Figure 4; Rectangular array pattern optical system 26 replaces respectively among Fig. 6 that circumferential ring promptly constitutes first kind and second kind of implementation of mixed mode optical system around the optical system unit 21 of mobile platform pattern optical system in the XY ball-screw mobile platform pattern optical system and Fig. 7.The machining area that is covered according to rectangular array pattern optical system 26 and the shape of mobile platform and kinetic characteristic amalgamation part are at the projecting figure on XY plane; During laser scanning manufacturing; Rectangular array pattern optical system 26 moves to different machining area tops, all optical system units 21,21 ' successively ... Processing should the zone simultaneously.
The third implementation of mixed mode optical system shown in Figure 10.It is the basic composition unit with mobile platform pattern optical system 27 shown in Figure 6, is installed on the location-plate 22 according to the rectangular array form.The division methods of the machining area of each basic composition unit is identical with first kind of implementation of mixed mode, and the laser scanning manufacturing of each basic composition unit is carried out simultaneously.
The 4th kind of implementation of the mixed mode optical system that Figure 11 provides adopts circumferential ring to carry a plurality of rectangular array optical systems 26 around mobile platform, all rectangular array optical system 26 even dispersed arrangement, and can on mobile platform, move.Optical system under this pattern is mixed identical with the region allocation of optical system shown in Figure 9 at the machining area branch; Each rectangular array optical system 26 and 26 ' etc. need be carried out the laser scanning manufacturing of several regions; Scanning simultaneously such as each rectangular array optical system 26 and 26 ' etc. in the process, move simultaneously, accomplish the Laser Processing task of each layer.
Mixed mode is the integrated application of fixed array pattern and mobile platform pattern; Adopt multi-station laser and a plurality of optical system unit to scan simultaneously; Working (machining) efficiency is between above-mentioned two kinds of patterns; And order and position that the array that can adopt optimized Algorithm control different optical system unit or optical system unit to form according to the difformity of parts successively moves on mobile platform; With this utilization ratio that further improves laser instrument and optical system, obtain optimum efficient, cost ratio.
Shown in figure 12, the segmented heat tracing system of the utility model is made up of two parts, and a part is for being positioned at the resistance wire 32 of moulding cylinder 7 inwalls, and resistance wire 32 is divided into plurality of sections from top to bottom, and the decline along with substrate 8 in the forming parts process is opened successively; Another part is fixed on the below of substrate 8, is followed successively by heating plate 28, heat insulation with ceramic beaverboard 29 with have the coldplate 30 of coolant flow channel.In the forming process of part, whether adopt heating and heat preserving function, the temperature of setting heat tracing and the opportunity of heat tracing according to the material decision of part.The application purpose of grading resistance silk is to improve the utilization ratio of heat, and thermal insulation board and coldplate then are mainly used in the heat that stops heating to produce and spread to substrate elevating motion and other functional entities, influence the stability of equipment work.This heating system can also adopt different heat forms such as eddy-current heating, Far-infrared Heating, and concrete scheme is as the criterion to obtain the highest efficiency of heating surface.
Shown in figure 12, the substrate elevating motion comprises piston 31, circular engagement plate 33, first ball-screw 35, turbine and worm decelerator 36 and first motor 37.Piston 31 upper ends link to each other with coldplate 30; The lower end links to each other with circular engagement plate 33; Ball-screw 35 1 ends are positioned at the center of circular engagement plate 33 and fixing with it, and the other end links to each other with turbine and worm decelerator 36, and turbine and worm decelerator 36 links to each other with first motor 37.Drive reducer of turbodrill 36 by first motor 37 during work and rotate, rotate, and drive motions synchronously such as the circular engagement plate 33 that is attached thereto, piston 31, and then substrate 8 is moved up and down thereby drive ball-screw 35.
The substrate elevating motion also can add many cover motors, the acting in conjunction of turbine and worm reducer structure on circular engagement plate according to the difference of required load; Also can adopt gear & rack structure replacement ball-screw, by the motor driven gear rotation, tooth bar moves up and down consistent the moving up and down such as piston, circular engagement plate and substrate that drive end fixed thereon; Can also adopt servo hydraulic transmission mechanism to directly act on substrate or heat tracing system bottom, drive substrate etc. moves up and down.
Shown in figure 12; Moulding cylinder weight balancing mechanism is made up of the bindiny mechanism 34 that at least two hydraulic mechanisms 38 and steel wire rope, pulley constitute; In the process that substrate 8 descends; Each hydraulic mechanism 38 acts on the circular engagement plate 33 through the steel wire rope of bindiny mechanism 34, provide real-time active force with balance along with powder in the moulding cylinder 7 constantly accumulate, the continuous huge load that produced of growth of part, the weight that elevating movement mechanism 13 is born remains constant.The form of the composition of this mechanism is not limited to the syndeton that adopts steel wire rope and pulley composition, can also be according to the different mining of equipment size with form shown in figure 13, and promptly hydraulic mechanism 38 acts directly on the circular engagement plate 33.
This equipment can adopt single powder feeding mechanism also can adopt two powder feeding mechanisms, and powder feeding mechanism can be quantitative or non-quantitation mode, and the concrete structure of powder feeding mechanism can adopt existing various structure, the structure that also can adopt this instance to provide.The structure of a kind of specific embodiment of quantitative powder feeding mechanism is described below.Shown in figure 14, quantitatively powder feeding mechanism mainly comprises storage powder case 41, sleeve 42, cylinder 43, duff pipe 44 and second motor 49 etc.Sleeve 42 horizontal positioned have powder inlet groove and powder output slot on the barrel, the position of powder inlet groove is corresponding with the outlet 39 of storage powder case 41, and powder output slot is connected with duff pipe 44.Cylinder 43 is installed in the sleeve 42, and it is peripheral to fit tightly with sleeve 42 inwalls, and has at least one storage powder groove 40, the second motor 49 along circumference and drive cylinders 43 and in sleeve 42, rotate.It should be noted that: the mouth of pipe shape of the powder inlet groove of the cross section of groove 40, sleeve 42 and the cross section of powder output slot, outlet 39 and duff pipe 44 is complementary, and preferably is thin narrow rectangle.During powder feeding; Second motor 49 drives cylinder 43 rotations; A groove alignment of storage powder groove 40 exports 39 o'clock powder and gets into storage powder groove 40, and another groove on the other side is then aimed at the upper orifice of duff pipe 44 simultaneously, and powder falls with duff pipe 44 in it; Cylinder 43 revolutions move certain angle, can see a certain amount of powder off.
Requirement according to parts are made is different, and powder feeding mechanism can be open or enclosed construction.When part need be made in protective atmosphere, must adopt enclosed powder feeding mechanism, this enclosed powder feeding mechanism is meant that storage powder case 41 is for closed, only through duff pipe 44 external powder feedings.
The quantitative powder feeding mechanism that the utility model adopts can also adopt the quantitative powder feeding mechanism of parallel-moving type except adopting aforementioned rotary quantitative powder feeding mechanism.Shown in figure 18, the quantitative powder feeding mechanism of parallel-moving type comprises storage powder case 41, support 60, powder inlet groove 59, powder output slot 61, powder feeding plate 62, motion 63 and duff pipe 44.Support 60 upper and lowers have the powder inlet groove 59 and powder output slot 61 of offset, and the position of powder inlet groove 59 is corresponding with the outlet 39 of storage powder case 41, and powder output slot 61 is connected with duff pipe 44.Powder feeding plate 62 levels that have storage powder hole 64 are installed in the support 60; The right-hand member of powder feeding plate 62 connects motion 63; Motion 63 can be by the combination of motor and leading screw, also can be by high pressure draught and relay assembly, or other can promote the version of powder feeding plate 62 move left and right.Similar with the rotary quantitative powder feeding mechanism, the mouth of pipe shape of cross section, outlet 39 and the duff pipe 44 in powder inlet groove 59, powder output slot 61, storage powder hole 64 is complementary, and preferably is thin narrow rectangle.During powder feeding; Motion 63 drives 62 motions of powder feeding plate makes storage powder hole 64 aim at powder inlet groove 59; Powder in the storage powder case 41 relies on gravity to get into storage powder hole 64, and the powder feeding plate moves to left and makes storage powder hole 64 aim at powder output slot 61, and the powder in the storage powder hole 64 is along duff pipe 44 free-fallings; A certain amount of powder can be seen off, quantitative powder feeding can be realized through the number of times of move left and right.
When using two powder feeding mechanisms, the two structure can be the same or different.
Shown in figure 22, moulding cylinder weight balancing mechanism can also be made up of the quantitative powder feeding assembly of at least two covers, and each quantitative powder feeding assembly includes the 3rd quantitative powder feeding mechanism 69, contains the syndeton 34 of powder case 70, directed guide rail 71 and steel wire rope, pulley formation and forms.Directed guide rail 71 is vertically mounted on device bottom; Contain powder case 70 and be movably arranged on the directed guide rail 71, can move up and down along directed guide rail 71, the meal outlet of the 3rd quantitative powder feeding mechanism 69 lays respectively at the top of containing powder case 70; In the process that substrate 8 descends; The 3rd quantitative powder feeding mechanism 69 is constantly sent into powder to containing powder case 70, and the weight of sending into powder is identical with the weight that 7 interior powder accumulation of moulding cylinder and part growth are produced, and guarantees substrate 8 accurate, stable moving up and down.The 3rd quantitative powder feeding mechanism 69 can adopt and first, second quantitative powder feeding mechanism same structure, also can adopt wider belt pulley powder feeding structure of current application and cladding to use the powder feeder structure.
Shown in figure 14, power spreading device comprises T type crossbeam 45, be positioned at crossbeam 45 both sides lead tube cell 46, scraper plate 48, briquetting 47 and transmission mechanism.The lower nozzle of upper orifice and duff pipe 44 of leading tube cell 46 is high together, guarantees that powder can not pollute process chamber in the free-falling process.The material of scraper plate 48 can be pottery, hard metal alloys or organic material etc., is fastened on by briquetting 47 in the groove of T type crossbeam 45 lower ends, and scraper plate 48 lower surfaces are smooth flat and are close to processing plane that T type crossbeam 45 is positioned at substrate 8 tops.Before the powder feeding, T type crossbeam 45 move under the drive of transmission mechanism the quantitative powder feeding mechanism in right side below, and the upper orifice that makes the left side lead tube cell 46 aligns with duff pipe 44 mouths of pipe; Powder falls behind fully down; T type crossbeam is moved horizontally to the left side and reclaims cylinder, accomplishes the shop powder action of current layer, in like manner is applicable to the shop powder process of the left side structure of symmetry with it; Realize the two-way powder laying function of this equipment thus, significantly improve shop powder efficient.The transmission mechanism of T type crossbeam 45 can adopt the ball-screw transmission mechanism of driven by motor, also can adopt the pulley transmission mechanism of driven by motor, perhaps the straight-line transmitting actuation mechanism of other types.
Under the not high condition of required precision, power spreading device also can adopt drum-type shop powder mechanism.
Shown in figure 15, the substrate levelling gear comprises guide rail 52, leveling support 54.Guide rail 52 is installed on the T type crossbeam 45 along moulding cylinder Y direction, and is parallel to processing plane, and leveling support 54 is installed on the guide rail 52, and this support level part front end has and runs through circular hole 55 up and down, is used for the clamping amesdial, and other has the screw 53 of vertical circular hole fastening.In order to reach better leveling effect, substrate 8 is installed on the heating plate 28 through dog screw 50 and levelling bolt 51, and dog screw 50 all is evenly distributed with levelling bolt 51, is not limited to three groups of screws shown in Figure 15.Concrete leveling method is following: with the processing plane is benchmark; Through T type crossbeam 45 drive amesdial is installed leveling support 54 along the X-direction move left and right; The support of leveling simultaneously 54 can move forward and backward to guide rail 52 along Y; Thereby the height number of display base plate 8 each position, and through the adjustment levelling bolt 51 high and low position substrate 8 upper surfaces are overlapped with processing plane.
Because the substrate weight of large-size is very big, it is relatively poor or receive human strength and limit to adopt dog screw and levelling bolt to carry out leveling accuracy in the leveling process, and difficulty reaches instructions for use.The utility model can also adopt other a kind of mechanism to replace dog screw and levelling bolt for this reason; This mechanism comprises fixed bar 68 between coldplate 30 and piston 31, bracing frame 66, the 66 ', the 3rd, the 4th motor 67,67 ', second, third ball-screw 65,65 '; Shown in figure 19; Wherein an end of fixed bar 68 is fixed on the piston 31, and the other end directly is connected below the coldplate 30.First, second bracing frame 66,66 ' is fixed on the piston 31, and second ball-screw 65 is vertically mounted on first bracing frame 66, and its upper end is fixing with coldplate 30, and the lower end links to each other with the 3rd motor 67.In like manner second bracing frame 66 ', the 4th motor 67 ', the 3rd ball-screw 65 ' connect with identical structure, and promptly the 3rd ball-screw 65 ' is vertically mounted on second bracing frame 66 ', and the upper end is fixed with coldplate 30, and the lower end links to each other with the 4th motor 67 '.For the ease of regulating, fixed bar 68 is connected formed triangle with first, second bracing frame 66,66 ' and is preferably equilateral triangle.Rely on the 3rd, the 4th motor 67,67 ' to drive leading screw in the leveling process and rotate, thereby drive coldplate 30 motions, realize and maintenance substrate 8 levels with 3 principles of confirming a plane.
Protective atmosphere covers on and must guarantee that enough logical light areas can focus on processing plane to guarantee laser beam fully after galvanometer deflection when sealing in the process chamber, therefore must on protective atmosphere cover cap plate, have additional the protection eyeglass.Figure 16,17 is respectively the vertical view of the protective atmosphere cover of different protection type of lenses; Wherein shown in Figure 16ly be embedded on the protective atmosphere cover cap plate 56 for a plurality of protection eyeglasses 57 of array distribution; Optical system main and the array distribution pattern is arranged in pairs or groups, optical system unit in the corresponding array distribution pattern of each protection eyeglass.Shown in Figure 17ly be embedded on the protective atmosphere cover cap plate 56 for single large-scale protection eyeglass 58, main optical system with mobile platform pattern, mixed mode is arranged in pairs or groups.The former is not high for the material and the requirements of making of protection eyeglass, can change the protection eyeglass that breaks down at any time, better economy; Though latter's cost is higher, can satisfy the randomly located instructions for use of optical system unit under mobile platform pattern and the mixed mode, all can realize penetrating fully of laser beam at an arbitrary position.
Gas purge system guarantees that through air inlet and exhaust outlet and protective atmosphere cover formation closed circulation water, the oxygen content in the protective atmosphere cover reaches instructions for use.Air inlet and exhaust outlet are provided with dust filtering device, prevent little, the nano powder dust pollution internal and external environment that produce in the process.
The processing and manufacturing difficulty of large-scale protection eyeglass is bigger, also can optical system 3 integral body be inserted in the gas shield cover 5 in order better to realize mobile platform pattern optical system and mixed mode optical system.Concrete method for arranging is shown in figure 20, and optical system 3 is fixed on the under of gas shield cover 5, and miscellaneous part and locations of structures are constant basically.Shown in figure 21; Adopt this structure; Need install seal closure 69 separately additional to each open optical system unit, the protection optics is avoided the pollution of interior dust of cavity and flue dust, and the arranged of optical system unit and scan mode are consistent with external optical system.
The utility model not only is confined to the above-mentioned specific embodiment; Persons skilled in the art are according to the disclosed content of the utility model; Can adopt other multiple specific embodiment to implement the utility model, therefore, project organization of every employing the utility model and thinking; Do some simple designs that change or change, all fall into the scope of the utility model protection.

Claims (18)

1. precinct laser fusion rapid molding equipment of directly making large parts, this equipment comprises substrate (8), substrate elevating motion (13); Moulding cylinder (7), first reclaims cylinder (6), power spreading device (12) and control system (14); It is characterized in that this equipment comprises laser array (1), optical system (3); Moulding cylinder weight balancing mechanism (15), and first powder feeding mechanism;
First reclaims the side that cylinder (6) is positioned at moulding cylinder (7), and both surfaces are same plane and as processing plane, and power spreading device (12) moves on processing plane; First powder feeding mechanism lays respectively at optical system (3) one sides; Optical system (3) is positioned at moulding cylinder (7) top, and laser array (1) is made up of at least one laser instrument, and the laser beam that laser instrument sends focuses on moulding cylinder (7) surface via optical system (3);
Substrate (8) is housed in the moulding cylinder (7); Substrate (8) below is provided with elevating movement mechanism (13) and connects; Elevating movement mechanism (13) drives substrate (8) and in moulding cylinder (7), moves up and down, and moulding cylinder weight balancing mechanism (15) is positioned at the bottom of equipment, and acts in the elevating movement mechanism (13).
2. precinct laser fusion rapid molding equipment according to claim 1 is characterized in that, also is provided with substrate levelling gear (11) in substrate (8) top.
3. precinct laser fusion rapid molding equipment according to claim 1 is characterized in that, heat tracing system (10) is set in moulding cylinder (7).
4. precinct laser fusion rapid molding equipment according to claim 3 is characterized in that, heat tracing system (10) is a segmented, is made up of jointly the heating arrangement of heating arrangement between substrate (8) and the elevating movement mechanism (13) and moulding cylinder (7) inwall.
5. precinct laser fusion rapid molding equipment according to claim 3; It is characterized in that; This equipment comprises that also second powder feeding mechanism and second reclaims cylinder (6 '), and second powder feeding mechanism is identical with the first powder feeding mechanism structure, is positioned at the opposite side of optical system; Second reclaims the opposite side that cylinder (6 ') is positioned at moulding cylinder (7), and its surface is positioned at processing plane.
6. precinct laser fusion rapid molding equipment according to claim 1; It is characterized in that; This equipment also comprises gas purge system (4) and protective atmosphere cover (5); Processing plane and power spreading device (12) are positioned at protective atmosphere cover (5), and protective atmosphere cover (5) is communicated with gas purge system (4) through air inlet and exhaust outlet respectively.
7. precinct laser fusion rapid molding equipment according to claim 1; It is characterized in that; Optical system is made up of at least one optical system unit; Each optical system unit (21) is according to arrayed and be fixed on the location-plate (22), and the laser beam that is sent by the laser instrument subarea-scanning that behind optical system unit (21), walks abreast makes machining area cover whole base plate.
8. precinct laser fusion rapid molding equipment according to claim 1; It is characterized in that; Optical system is by one or constitute according to a plurality of optical subsystems that array format distributes; Optical subsystem constitutes to leading screw (23) and Y at least one optical system unit (21) on the mobile platform that leading screw (24) constitutes by being installed in by X; Control system (14) drives optical system unit (21) through the control mobile platform, and the subarea-scanning that walk abreast behind the laser beam study of Confucian classics system unit (21) that is sent by laser instrument makes machining area covering whole base plate.
9. precinct laser fusion rapid molding equipment according to claim 1; It is characterized in that; Optical system is made up of at least one optical subsystem that is installed on the circular slide rail (25); Optical subsystem is by one or constitute according to a plurality of optical system unit (21) that array format distributes, and the subarea-scanning that walk abreast behind the laser beam study of Confucian classics system unit (21) that is sent by laser instrument makes machining area covering whole base plate.
10. precinct laser fusion rapid molding equipment according to claim 1; It is characterized in that moulding cylinder weight balancing mechanism constitutes to quadruplet powder feeding assembly by two, each powder feeding assembly includes quantitative powder feeding mechanism, Sheng powder case, directed guide rail and syndeton; Directed guide rail is vertically mounted on device bottom; Contain the powder case and be movably arranged on the directed guide rail, move up and down along directed guide rail, quantitatively the meal outlet of powder feeding mechanism is positioned at the top of containing the powder case.
11. according to arbitrary described precinct laser fusion rapid molding equipment in the claim 1 to 10, it is characterized in that first powder feeding mechanism is quantitative powder feeding mechanism, it comprises storage powder case (41), sleeve (42), cylinder (43), duff pipe (44) and second motor (49); Sleeve (42) horizontal positioned has powder inlet groove and powder output slot on the barrel, the position of powder inlet groove is corresponding with the outlet (39) of storage powder case (41), and powder output slot is connected with duff pipe (44); Cylinder (43) is installed in the sleeve (42), and its periphery fits tightly with sleeve (42) inwall, and has at least one storage powder groove (40) along circumference, and second motor (49) links to each other with cylinder (43).
12. according to arbitrary described precinct laser fusion rapid molding equipment in the claim 1 to 10; It is characterized in that; First powder feeding mechanism is quantitative powder feeding mechanism, and it comprises storage powder case (41), support (60), powder inlet groove (59), powder output slot (61), powder feeding plate (62), motion (63) and duff pipe (44); Support (60) upper and lower has the powder inlet groove (59) and the powder output slot (61) of offset; The position of powder inlet groove (59) is corresponding with the outlet (40) of storage powder case (41); Powder output slot (61) is connected with duff pipe (44); Powder feeding plate (62) level that has storage powder hole (64) is installed in the support (60), and the end of powder feeding plate (62) connects motion (63).
13. according to arbitrary described precinct laser fusion rapid molding equipment in the claim 1 to 10, it is characterized in that, power spreading device comprises T type crossbeam (45), be positioned at crossbeam (45) both sides lead tube cell (46), scraper plate (48), briquetting (47) and transmission mechanism; The upper orifice of leading tube cell (46) is high together with the meal outlet of quantitative powder feeding mechanism; Scraper plate (48) is fastened in the groove of T type crossbeam (45) lower end by briquetting (47); Scraper plate (48) lower surface is smooth flat and is close to processing plane; T type crossbeam (45) is positioned at substrate (8) top, and T type crossbeam (45) is connected with transmission mechanism, and T type crossbeam (45) moves under the drive of transmission mechanism.
14. precinct laser fusion rapid molding equipment according to claim 3; It is characterized in that segmented heat tracing system is made up of two parts, a part is for being positioned at the resistance wire (32) of moulding cylinder (7) inwall; Resistance wire (32) is divided into plurality of sections from top to bottom; Another part comprises from top to bottom the heating plate (28) that connects successively, heat insulation with ceramic beaverboard (29) with have the coldplate (30) of coolant flow channel, and heating plate (28) is located at below the substrate (8), and is fixedly connected with substrate (8).
15. according to arbitrary described precinct laser fusion rapid molding equipment in the claim 1 to 10; It is characterized in that the substrate elevating motion comprises piston (31), circular engagement plate (33), first ball-screw (35), turbine and worm decelerator (36) and first motor (37); Piston (31) upper end links to each other with substrate (8) or heat tracing system (10); The lower end links to each other with circular engagement plate (33); First ball-screw (35) one ends are positioned at the center of circular engagement plate (33) and fixing with it; The other end links to each other with turbine and worm decelerator (36), and turbine and worm decelerator (36) links to each other with first motor (37).
16. according to arbitrary described precinct laser fusion rapid molding equipment in the claim 1 to 10; It is characterized in that; Moulding cylinder weight balancing mechanism is made up of at least two hydraulic mechanisms (38) and bindiny mechanism (34), and hydraulic mechanism (38) acts on the substrate elevating motion through bindiny mechanism (34).
17. precinct laser fusion rapid molding equipment according to claim 2 is characterized in that, the substrate levelling gear comprises guide rail (52) and leveling support (54); Guide rail (52) is installed on the T type crossbeam (45) along moulding cylinder Y direction, and is parallel to processing plane, and leveling support (54) is installed on the guide rail (52), this leveling support level part front end have be used for the clamping amesdial run through circular hole (55) up and down.
18. precinct laser fusion rapid molding equipment according to claim 15; It is characterized in that; Between coldplate (30) and piston (31), be provided with fixed bar (68); First, second bracing frame (66,66 '), the 3rd, the 4th motor (67,67 '), and second, third ball-screw (65,65 '); Fixed bar (68) one ends be fixed on piston (31) above; The other end directly is connected below the coldplate (30); First, second bracing frame (66,66 ') all is fixed on the piston (31); Second ball-screw (65) is vertically mounted on first bracing frame (66), and the one of which end links to each other with coldplate (30) and be fixing, and the other end links to each other with the 3rd motor (67); The 3rd ball-screw (65 ') is vertically mounted on second bracing frame (66 '), and the one of which end links to each other with coldplate (30) and be fixing, and the other end links to each other with the 4th motor (67 ').
CN2011202516312U 2011-07-15 2011-07-15 Selective laser melting rapid molding equipment for directly fabricating large-sized parts CN202291409U (en)

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