CN202043485U - Ecological moisturizing device helping plants on barren land survive through critical period - Google Patents

Ecological moisturizing device helping plants on barren land survive through critical period Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202043485U
CN202043485U CN2011200653391U CN201120065339U CN202043485U CN 202043485 U CN202043485 U CN 202043485U CN 2011200653391 U CN2011200653391 U CN 2011200653391U CN 201120065339 U CN201120065339 U CN 201120065339U CN 202043485 U CN202043485 U CN 202043485U
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degraded
degradation
plant
bag
moisturizing device
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CN2011200653391U
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Chinese (zh)
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高宇
高国强
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高宇
高国强
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Abstract

The utility model relates to an ecological moisturizing device helping plants on barren land survive through critical period, mainly consisting of a degradation container body, degradation bags, composite soil and a moisturizing film, wherein, a plurality of degradation bags are arranged in the degradation container body; the composite soil is filled between each two degradation bags; and the moisturizing film is covered on the upper surface of the degradation container body. The utility model is characterized in that different degradation times are selected through the degradation container body and the degradation bags according to plant features, namely, nearly a year of water and nutrient can be provided to sand plants so that the plants can smoothly survive through critical period. Furthermore, the survival rate of the plants reaches to 80%.

Description

Barren soil plantation plant is spent the ecological moisturizing device that survives the key period
Technical field
The utility model belongs to plantation of barren soil and sand control device, relates in particular to a kind of barren soil plantation plant and spends the ecological moisturizing device that survives the key period
Background technology
Now, the mankind defend and control sand by fair means or foul, as afforestation, grass planting fixes the sand, is provided with sand-protecting barrier, implemented shelter forest, water conservation forest, the ecological forest, large quantities of ecological construction engineerings such as the grass of sealing a mountain pass that trees have been planted to fix the sand and educate, and contained the trend of " sand advances the people and moves back " effectively.The desert is administered in countries in the world does not at present also have the feasible mature technique of essence, and the expert who has thinks and can reply that the expert who has thinks and can not reply.Carrying out Dragsaw type at southwestern desert edge and administer, be not that Sha Jinren moves back is exactly that the people advances sand and moves back, and again and again, it is difficult to make progress.The natural characteristic of desert area; (1) no soil all is the exposed grains of sand, does not have any life.(2) the not enough 100mm of rainfall, evaporation discharge be up to several thousand mm, and (3), powerful north-westward southeast storm wind, southwest is eastwards a little less than the north wind.(4), often scrape sandstorm.(5) tendency on sand dune is to move from the North-East Bound southwestward.A kind of method of utilizing hardboard to cover, concrete grammar is; (1), hardboard covers and invalid rainfall can be become effective rainfall, has to be seeped in the sand bed plate under and to preserve to a bit the rainfall of certain area is intensive, in order to the supply plant needs of abundance.(2) formulate the sealing area that covers hardboard according to the rainfall of locality, reserve the plantation trees again, grain, the seedling eye of vegetables etc.Along with the long-pending increase of desert surface vegetated surface, after the desert component environment improved, rainfall also can progressively increase, and groundwater level also can be raised year by year simultaneously.After desert surface was covered by hardboard, the grains of sand were pressed under the plate firmly, no matter blow great wind, and the grains of sand can not rolled by strong wind yet, and sandstorm can become without a trace immediately.This method also is applicable to urban afforestation, road and rail greenbelt, the greening of park, gardens Entertainment Plaza, community courtyard greening, the plantation and the greening on roof, house and building roof.Said method at present and can't promote, personnel selection and consuming time, increase planting cost are one of key factors.Even have the honor to grow at a period of time seed, the possibility that survives is also little, and efficient is extremely low, even and have and grow the plant survive and in process of growth, lacks artificial treatment, extinction can be suffered when running into arid and damage by disease and insect, the purpose in radical cure desert can't be reached.At present, generally adopt the lower berth, ground to bury water pipe and survive to guarantee psammophytes, the method can only be used near the water source and developed regions.This kind method cost is very high.Desertization present situation and harm China are subjected to one of serious country of desertification hazard in the world, and territory over half is in arid, semiarid zone.The existing sandy land area in the whole nation reaches 1 68.9 ten thousand km2, accounts for 17.6% of territory total area, and sandy land mainly is distributed in northwest, North, Northeast China western part.China's sandy land area is still in continuous expansion.At present, the annual desertification of land expanding area of China is from 15 60km of the seventies 2/ year, be increased to the 2100km of the eighties 2The km more than the 2460 of/year and the nineties 2/ year, the land area that is equivalent to lose in a year a medium county.Inner Mongol Alxa, Xinjiang Tarim River downstream, the southeast, the Caidamu Basin, Qinghai, first-class area, dam, Hebei, the average annual expansion rate of sandy land reaches more than 4%.Desertification has brought serious disaster to the mankind.Therefore, demand urgently developing a kind of simple, be convenient to promote, can provide nearly 1 year water and nutritional agents, the moisturizing device and the method that plant are spent smoothly survive the key period to plant.
The utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to overcome the deficiency of above-mentioned technology, and provides a kind of barren soil plantation plant to spend the ecological moisturizing device that survives the key period, can provide nearly 1 year moisture content and nutritional agents to plant, plant is spent smoothly survive the key period.
The utility model for achieving the above object, by the following technical solutions: a kind of barren soil plantation plant is spent the ecological moisturizing device that survives the key period, it is characterized in that: mainly constitute by degraded vessel, degraded bag and composite soil and moisture film, described degraded vessel is built-in with several degraded bags, be filled with composite soil between the degraded bag, described moisture film covers degraded vessel upper surface.
Be equipped with water or pest repellant or biological fluids or nutrient solution or PH equilibrium liquid in the described degraded bag.
Described degraded vessel, moisture film and degraded bag are provided with different degradation times, and degradation time is set as gradient degraded, the degradation time scope 1-24 month.
Beneficial effect: the degradation time of degraded vessel and the different gradients of degraded bag selection, nearly 1 year moisture content and nutritional agents is provided promptly can for the sand control plant, plant is spent smoothly survive the key period.The survival rate of plant reaches 80%.Degraded vessel, moisture film and degraded bag are selected degradable material, avoid the soil is produced secondary pollution.This device is particularly useful for the big-and-middle plant planting in coastal saline land, can administer the popularization action in desert, also can be widely used in urban afforestation, road and rail greenbelt, park, gardens Entertainment Plaza greening etc. simultaneously.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a structural representation of the present utility model.
Embodiment
Describe embodiment of the present utility model in detail below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and preferred embodiment.As shown in the figure, a kind of barren soil plantation plant is spent the ecological moisturizing device that survives the key period, mainly be made of degraded vessel 1, degraded bag 2 and composite soil 3 and moisture film 4, described degraded vessel is built-in with several degraded bags, is filled with composite soil between the degraded bag.Be equipped with water 5 or pest repellant or biological fluids or nutrient solution or PH equilibrium liquid in the described degraded bag.Described degraded vessel, moisture film and degraded bag are provided with different degradation times, and degradation time is set as gradient degraded, the degradation time scope 1-24 month.
Degradable material can be selected the ripe biodegradation material of market supply.Its degradative phase is 1-24 month.Composite soil is beneficial to the plantation plant according to the apolegamy of routine ridging technology and spends the soil property that survives the key period according to floristics and local ecotope, and composite soil is full of moisture before plantation.
Degraded vessel and degraded bag shape can be made into circle, square bag shape.Specification is made plurality of specifications according to the root system of plant size.Part biological liquid in the degraded bag or nutrient solution can be according to plant variety by the different time sections configurations, and the time can extend to 24 months.
Principle: before plantation, be full of moisture in the composite soil of degraded in the vessel, (in the middle of the conditional region can also manual watering keep the skin wet), the moisture of composite soil can satisfy the nearly 30 days demand of plant substantially.The degraded gradient that the degraded bag is selected according to plant characteristic after 30 days begins to break and degrades gradually, can provide the degraded bag interior moisture, nutrient solution and PH equilibrium liquid for plant gradually in 1-12 month.According to the plant growing rule, the one-tenth current of plant cultivating or transplanting is roughly in 1 year.After 1 year, the hydrotropism of the plant utilization root system of plant of plantation or transplanting, when the external moisture that provides can not satisfy its growth demand, root system of plant then can initiatively be sought new water source.Adopt ecological moisturizing device then can help plant to adapt to new transplanting or plantation environment, biological fluids or nutrient solution or PH equilibrium liquid and composite soil are grown in the use degraded bag, when spend survive the key period after, root system of plant then can utilize self characteristics, taking root rapidly penetrates the degraded vessel and finds water source under the 7 new environment of 6 times water-bearing layers of sand bed, and favourable its grows vigorously.
Embodiment one
1, plant species is selected
Takla Makan Desert innerland except that the photo-thermal aboundresources to the growth of plant favourable, therefore other all factors all are unfavorable for plant growing, when selecting plant species, pay special attention to the husky characteristic such as bury of the salt tolerant of plant, drought-enduring, high temperature resistant, weatherproof.By introduction and Experiment and investigation and analysis in recent years, we think in the process that desert highway biological protection system is built, and the selection of plant species is fixed the sand seeds so that yellow horn etc. is good.
2, structure and layout
Because the mechanical measures for sand prevention effective protecting time that is provided with during constructing highway is limited, bring into play its protection benefit in order to make the biological protection system substitute sand-protecting barrier as soon as possible, but when desert highway biological protection system is built rational close planted, the seeding row spacing of employing 1--4m.Tree arrangement can adopt duplicate rows or multirow to mix in the ranks and hand over.Planting season is preferably selected the planting-season in early spring.
Concrete grammar: the bag of will degrading is opened, and inwardly is full of water or pest repellant or biological fluids or nutrient solution or PH equilibrium liquid respectively, and sack is sealed.Select the degraded bag of different degradation times to be put at interval in the degraded vessel, will fix the sand sapling to put into the degraded vessel, recharge composite soil compacting back and cover moisture film, divide evaporation to prevent water.As time passes, barren soil plantation plant is spent the ecological moisturizing device that survives the key period and degrades gradually, can in a period of time, provide sufficient moisture and nutrient solution for nursery stock, make fix the sand sapling root growth rapidly and flourishing, to be that a dry sand layer is following be wet sand bed on the drift sand top layer usually, behind the plant germination on the drift sand, the main root root system can penetrate the degraded vessel and initiatively seek new water source, have rapid extension,, spend the growth key period smoothly to reach the ability of consistent wet sand bed as early as possible.
Simultaneously, also will take different measures in the process of afforestation: 1) water retention capacity of aeolian sandy soil is poor, and the need water that the water-holding capacity in the soil can not satisfy seedling requires and influences seedling development.Therefore, upload when planting, should in the hole that plants trees, be affixed by some clays or water-loss reducer, promote growing of nursery stock with the retention ability that increases sandy soil at mild mobile sand.2) to strengthen tending management behind the seedling planting, particularly the seedling phase except normal fertilising with prevent the damage by disease and insect, strong wind also will in time observe the wind erosion sand of nursery stock bury situation later, so that take corresponding emergency measures, promotes growing of forest.
Embodiment two
Plant on the ground at coastal saline-alkali soil, transplant 600 of Chinese scholar trees, diameter of a cross-section of a tree trunk 1.3 meters above the ground 10-15cm.
According to the size of transplanting nursery stock earthen platform, select different specifications, this transplants earthen platform diameter between 1m-1.5m, selects that diameter is 1.2, the degraded vessel of two kinds of specifications of 1.8m.
At first put into the degraded bag that several are equipped with water or pest repellant or biological fluids or nutrient solution or PH equilibrium liquid in the vessel in degraded, set up platform greatly after, carry out bagging, seal then.When planting, open and seal, pour water.Effect: plant percent 98%, transplanting seedling time shortened for 2 weeks, the nursery stock normal growth.
The above only is preferred embodiment of the present utility model, is not structure of the present utility model is done any pro forma restriction.Every foundation technical spirit of the present utility model all still belongs in the scope of the technical solution of the utility model any simple modification, equivalent variations and modification that above embodiment did.

Claims (3)

1. a barren soil plantation plant is spent the ecological moisturizing device that survives the key period, it is characterized in that: mainly constitute by degraded vessel, degraded bag and composite soil and moisture film, described degraded vessel is built-in with several degraded bags, be filled with composite soil between the degraded bag, described moisture film covers degraded vessel upper surface.
2. barren soil plantation plant according to claim 1 is spent the ecological moisturizing device that survives the key period, it is characterized in that: be equipped with water or pest repellant or biological fluids or nutrient solution or PH equilibrium liquid in the described degraded bag.
3. barren soil plantation plant according to claim 1 and 2 is spent the ecological moisturizing device that survives the key period, it is characterized in that: described degraded vessel, moisture film and degraded bag are provided with different degradation times, degradation time is set as gradient degraded, the degradation time scope 1-24 month.
CN2011200653391U 2011-03-14 2011-03-14 Ecological moisturizing device helping plants on barren land survive through critical period Expired - Fee Related CN202043485U (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102138458A (en) * 2011-03-14 2011-08-03 高宇 Ecological moisture retention device for ensuring plants grown on barren lands to live through critical survival periods
CN107873325A (en) * 2017-11-30 2018-04-06 陈敏梅 Desert plant cultivation bag

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102138458A (en) * 2011-03-14 2011-08-03 高宇 Ecological moisture retention device for ensuring plants grown on barren lands to live through critical survival periods
CN107873325A (en) * 2017-11-30 2018-04-06 陈敏梅 Desert plant cultivation bag

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Granted publication date: 20111123

Termination date: 20140314