CN104255367B - A kind of almond viability container seedling method - Google Patents

A kind of almond viability container seedling method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104255367B
CN104255367B CN201410448337.9A CN201410448337A CN104255367B CN 104255367 B CN104255367 B CN 104255367B CN 201410448337 A CN201410448337 A CN 201410448337A CN 104255367 B CN104255367 B CN 104255367B
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China
Prior art keywords
soil
container
seed
container bag
nursery
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201410448337.9A
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CN104255367A (en
Inventor
马松梅
王荣学
聂迎彬
马新
裴丽霞
刘燕
李冬梅
刘凯军
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Shihezi University
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Shihezi University
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • A01G17/005Cultivation methods
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/02Receptacles, e.g. flower-pots or boxes; Glasses for cultivating flowers
    • A01G9/029Receptacles for seedlings

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of almond viability container seedling method and plastic bowl container bag, nursery lot is selected first, vernalization, pack, sowing, field management are carried out by Sand culture.Container bag mainly includes:Polypots and osculum;Described polypots is arranged on the body exterior of plastic bowl container bag, and described osculum is arranged on the bottom of polypots.Present invention saves 30 50% grain weight, shorten growing-seedling period, only need 36 months just can seedling, improve the randomness of the surrival rate of afforestation and afforestation, save the area that occupies cultivated land, cost is low, social benefit, economic benefit and profitable on ecology.

Description

A kind of almond viability container seedling method
Technical field
The invention belongs to the technical field of mongolian amygdalus seed nursery, more particularly to a kind of almond viability container seedling method.
Background technology
Mongolian amygdalus seed (Amygdalus mongolica), is under the jurisdiction of the rose family (Rosaceae), Li Yake (Pnmoideae), peach category (Prunus persica), almond subgenus (Subg.Amygdalus) has handle group (Sect.Pedunculatae).The high 1-2m of the plant, also known as downy cherry fruit, potato, are that Central Asia the Gobi desert region is distinctive Xerophytic deciduous shrubs, national three-level few survivors imminent extinction protected plants (Fourier state 1992).Mongolian amygdalus seed is light property seeds, root system hair Reach, it is drought-enduring, cold-resistant, barren-resistant.Florescence 4 to May, fruit ripe 7 to August.Mongolian amygdalus seed is mainly distributed on height above sea level 900-2400m mound The ground such as mound, rocky slopes and dry wash, often grow along the saturating streamline of earth's surface in Desert Regions and turn into these regional water and soil conservations and plant Thing and landscape plant.According to the on-site inspection in our fields, mongolian amygdalus seed China be distributed mainly on Alxa Zuoqi, Nei Mongol, Black sketch map, Wulate Front Banner's Wula Shan Mountain, Wulate Middle Banner, Wulate Rear Banner, Daqunshan Mountains west section, Helan Mountain in Ningxia conservation of nature Area, the ground such as Qilian Mountains, Gansu Province Nature Reserve and the hollow ditch of Zhangye Dragon Head Mountain pine.Due to mankind's mining, log, soil The activities such as exploitation, industrialization and urbanization cause the habitat of mongolian amygdalus seed islanding, and distributed area area constantly reduces.Therefore, cover The protection of ancient Relationship of Almond also causes the concern of people increasingly.
Mongolian amygdalus seed is that (benevolence oil content is about 40% to one of important woody oil tree species, its benevolence grease quality better , can be edible in soya-bean oil, cottonseed oil, sunflower oil etc.), and benevolence has important medical value.In addition, its seed-protein Content is higher, and total protein content is 25.98%, and seed crude fat content is up to 51%.So, it is the Northwest's grass again There is the excellent forage plant of higher value of exploiting and utilizing in ground animal husbandry.Traditional field seedling raising has the following disadvantages:1. nursery Survival rate is low;2. nursery stock growing way is weak;3. go out that garden afforestation season property is strong, existence time section problem;4. nursery sowing quantity is big, to arable land Soil requires high.Because mongolian amygdalus seed biological characteristics and physiological characteristic are adapted with arid area natural conditions completely, afforestation Cost is relatively low, the characteristics of mutually unifying with social benefit, economic benefit, ecological benefits.Mongolian amygdalus seed can be used as the elder generation afforested Cutting edge of a knife or a sword seeds are promoted on a large scale.At present, there is cost of forestation height in traditional peach class seeds, and survival rate is low, growth conditions requirement It is high, it is impossible to carry out large area container nursery and transplanting is afforested, the problem of social benefit, economic benefit and ecological benefits are poor.
The content of the invention
The purpose of the embodiment of the present invention is to provide a kind of almond viability container seedling method, it is intended to solve traditional peach There is cost of forestation height in class seeds, survival rate is low, and growth conditions requires high, it is impossible to carry out large area container nursery and transplanting is made Woods, the problem of social benefit, economic benefit and ecological benefits are poor.
The embodiment of the present invention is achieved in that a kind of almond viability container seedling method, the technical step flow bag Include the selection of nursery lot, vernalization, pack, sowing, field management are carried out by Sand culture;
The selection of described nursery lot refers to that the nursery lot of selection is located at Ba Yan Nor City Wulate Rear Banner Sai Wusu towns, category Plateau continental climate, 96-105.9mm of mean annual precipitation, soil belongs to sandy loam, selects well-ventilated, and irrigation and drainage are convenient Husky territory is as nursery, and Nutrition Soil is by mountain torrents soil:Rhizobium soil:Sandy soil:Sheep manure=2:1:5:1 part by weight is matched somebody with somebody Put, in case stand-by after being well mixed;
Described carries out the side that vernalization refers to carry out Prunus Mongolica seeds using sand storage burial treatment by Sand culture Formula carries out vernalization, and the sand storage time is carried out before annual soil layer in December freezes reality, sand storage 80-90 days, is first soaked before sand storage with clear water Bubble 24-48h of seed makes seed fully absorb water, and reaches humidity more than 60%, and good, the moist lee side of selection draining is carried out Dig pit, depth is rested in more than underground water, below frozen soil layer, make seed just at freezing below layer at 30-40cm, will soak Seed and clean wet sand by weight 1:4 puddle uniformly, and sand humidity is 60% or so, and agglomerating with holding, tactile dissipate is Standard, is inserted in hole after seed and sandy soil are mixed, or first in hole bottom tiling 20cm wet sands, then the 10cm seeds that up tile, 10cm wet sands are repaved, when being taped against successively away from native face 20cm, are filled up hole with wet soil, to be buried in right amount in hole and put grass anti-to ventilate It is mould, sand storage seed is manually sifted out with sieve before sowing, according to 1 after sifting out:3 part by weight is uniformly mixed seed with sandy soil Close, keep 30% humidity, the stratification under conditions of 18 DEG C -25 DEG C, the sowing in time when there are 20-30% seeds to show money or valuables one carries unintentionally;
Described pack refers to, with the plastic bowl container bag that specification is diameter 12cm, height 15cm, Nutrition Soil is filled into modeling At expect alms bowl container bag 90%, Nutrition Soil is tamped, is not spilt and is defined from container bottom drain holes by Nutrition Soil, according to a line ten The quantity of plastic bowl container bag is placed, and is conducive to the management in later stage field;
Described sowing refers to that seedbed first is carried out into routine before sowing waters, and seedbed is irrigated, it is ensured that plastic bowl container bag Middle Nutrition Soil is wet through, and when seedbed can enter people and walk about, the Prunus Mongolica seeds showed money or valuables one carries unintentionally are put into plastic bowl container bag, every bag 2-3 are put, beneficial to survival rate is ensured, 1-1.5cm of sandy soil is covered on plastic bowl container bag, after planting according to humidity condition, Sprayed water, depending on water spray number of times is according to humidity, sprayed 4-5 times with plastic tube band upper nozzle daily, keep matrix moistening to ensure Emerge;
Described field management refers to be watered according to the humidity condition of plastic bowl container bag, and two weeks waters once, Weeds are removed in time, and seedling growth later stage, control is watered, and is conducive to nursery stock lignifying.
Further, it is native by mountain torrents to the Nutrition Soil of use in described pack:Rhizobium soil:Sandy soil:Sheep manure=2:1:5:1 Part by weight configured, be conducive to the seedling growth of mongolian amygdalus seed, growing-seedling period can be greatly shortened, only need 3-6 months With regard to energy seedling, container seedling forestation seedling-slowing stage is short, growth is fast.
Further, described almond viability container seedling method is by the way of container seedling balled transplanting, enhances pair The adaptability of reproducing area, can extend the afforestation season, and container nursery does not account for arable land or occupied cultivated land less, realizes and educates everywhere Seedling, with field planting, wears original soil group, does not hinder root, can greatly improve the surrival rate of afforestation, Afforestation Effects are notable.
A kind of plastic bowl container bag, the container bag mainly includes:Polypots and osculum;Described polypots is arranged on modeling Expect the body exterior of alms bowl container bag, described osculum is arranged on the bottom of polypots.
Further, described pack refers to the plastic bowl container bag that specification is diameter 12cm, height 15cm, by Nutrition Soil It is filled at the 90% of plastic bowl container bag.
Further, the number of described osculum is set to 4, and the shape of a central small hole is surround using three macropores Formula.
Effect collects
A kind of almond viability container seedling method that the present invention is provided, using plastic bowl container bag nursery, has saved 30- 50% grain weight;Using Nutrition Soil, beneficial to seedling growth, growing-seedling period is shortened, only needing 3-6 months just can seedling, promotion Growth;Using container seedling balled transplanting, enhance to reproducing area adaptability, extend the afforestation season, improve afforestation and survive Rate and the randomness of afforestation, save the area that occupies cultivated land.Almond viability container seedling method cost is low, survival rate Height, growth conditions requires low, realizes large area container nursery and transplanting is afforested, social benefit, economic benefit and ecological benefits It is good.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of step flow chart of almond viability container seedling method provided in an embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of plastic bowl container bag provided in an embodiment of the present invention;
In figure:1st, polypots;2nd, osculum.
Embodiment
In order to make the purpose , technical scheme and advantage of the present invention be clearer, with reference to embodiments, to the present invention It is further elaborated.It should be appreciated that the specific embodiments described herein are merely illustrative of the present invention, it is not used to Limit the present invention.
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and specific embodiment to the present invention application principle be further described.
As shown in figure 1, a kind of almond viability container seedling method, the technical step flow includes the selection of nursery lot S101, pass through Sand culture and carry out vernalization S102, pack S103, sowing S104, field management S105;
The selection S101 of described nursery lot refers to that the nursery lot of selection is located at Ba Yan Nor City Wulate Rear Banner match crow element Town, belongs to plateau continental climate, and 96-105.9mm of mean annual precipitation, soil belongs to sandy loam, selects well-ventilated, irrigation and drainage Convenient sand territory is as nursery, and Nutrition Soil is by mountain torrents soil:Rhizobium soil:Sandy soil:Sheep manure=2:1:5:1 part by weight enters Row configuration, in case stand-by after being well mixed;
Described is referred to using sand storage to Prunus Mongolica seeds progress burial treatment by Sand culture progress vernalization S102 Mode carry out vernalization, the sand storage time is carried out before annual soil layer in December freezes reality, sand storage 80-90 days, first with clear before sand storage Water immersion 24-48h of seed makes seed fully absorb water, and reaches humidity more than 60%, good, the moist lee side of selection draining Digged pit, depth is rested in more than underground water, below frozen soil layer, make seed just at freezing below layer at 30-40cm, will The seed soaked is with clean wet sand by weight 1:4 puddle uniformly, and sand humidity is 60% or so, and agglomerating with holding, one touches i.e. Dissipate and be defined, inserted after seed and sandy soil are mixed in hole, or first in hole bottom tiling 20cm wet sands, then the 10cm kinds that up tile Son, repaves 10cm wet sands, when being taped against successively away from native face 20cm, is filled up hole with wet soil, to be buried in right amount in hole and put careless to ventilate It is mould proof, sand storage seed is manually sifted out with sieve before sowing, according to 1 after sifting out:3 part by weight carries out seed and sandy soil uniform Mixing, the humidity of holding 30%, the stratification under conditions of 18 DEG C -25 DEG C is broadcast in time when there is 20-30% seeds to show money or valuables one carries unintentionally Kind;
Described pack refers to, with the plastic bowl container bag that specification is diameter 12cm, height 15cm, Nutrition Soil is filled into modeling At expect alms bowl container bag 90%, Nutrition Soil is tamped, is not spilt and is defined from container bottom drain holes by Nutrition Soil, according to a line ten The quantity of plastic bowl container bag is placed, and is conducive to the management in later stage field;
Described sowing S104 refers to that seedbed first is carried out into routine before sowing waters, and seedbed is irrigated, it is ensured that polypots holds Nutrition Soil is wet through in device bag, and when seedbed can enter people and walk about, the Prunus Mongolica seeds showed money or valuables one carries unintentionally are put into plastic bowl container bag, Every bag puts 2-3, beneficial to survival rate is ensured, 1-1.5cm of sandy soil is covered on plastic bowl container bag, after planting according to humidity feelings Condition, is sprayed water with plastic tube band upper nozzle, depending on water spray number of times is according to humidity, is sprayed 4-5 times, keep matrix moistening to protect daily Card is emerged;
Described field management S105 refers to be watered according to the humidity condition of plastic bowl container bag, and two weeks waters one It is secondary, weeds are removed in time, and seedling growth later stage, control is watered, and is conducive to nursery stock lignifying.
Further, it is native by mountain torrents to the Nutrition Soil of use in described pack S103:Rhizobium soil:Sandy soil:Sheep manure=2: 1:5:1 part by weight is configured, and is conducive to the seedling growth of mongolian amygdalus seed, can be greatly shortened growing-seedling period, only be needed 3-6 With regard to energy seedling, container seedling forestation seedling-slowing stage is short, growth is fast within individual month.
Further, described almond viability container seedling method is by the way of container seedling balled transplanting, enhances pair The adaptability of reproducing area, can extend the afforestation season, and container nursery does not account for arable land or occupied cultivated land less, realizes and educates everywhere Seedling, with field planting, wears original soil group, does not hinder root, can greatly improve the surrival rate of afforestation, Afforestation Effects are notable.
Plastic bowl container bag, the container bag mainly includes:Polypots 1 and osculum 2;Described polypots 1 is arranged on modeling Expect the body exterior of alms bowl container bag, described osculum 2 is arranged on the bottom of polypots 1.
Further, described pack refers to the plastic bowl container bag that specification is diameter 12cm, height 15cm, by Nutrition Soil It is filled at the 90% of plastic bowl container bag.
Further, the number of described osculum 2 is set to 4, and the shape of a central small hole is surround using three macropores Formula.
Operation principle
As shown in figure 1, a kind of step flow of almond viability container seedling method includes the selection S101 of nursery lot, led to Cross Sand culture and carry out vernalization S102, pack S103, sowing S104, field management S105;The selection S101 of described nursery lot Refer to that the nursery lot of selection is located at Ba Yan Nor City Wulate Rear Banner Sai Wusu towns, belong to plateau continental climate, mean annual precipitation 96-105.9mm is measured, soil belongs to sandy loam, select well-ventilated, the convenient husky territory of irrigation and drainage is as nursery, and Nutrition Soil is pressed Mountain torrents soil:Rhizobium soil:Sandy soil:Sheep manure=2:1:5:1 part by weight is configured, in case stand-by after being well mixed;It is described Sand culture carry out vernalization S102 refer to using sand storage to Prunus Mongolica seeds carry out burial treatment by way of urge Bud, the sand storage time is carried out before annual soil layer in December freezes reality, sand storage 80-90 days, and first seed is soaked with clear water before sand storage Seed is fully absorbed water within 24-48 hours, reach humidity more than 60%, good, the moist lee side of selection draining is dug Hole, depth is rested in more than underground water, below frozen soil layer, makes seed just at freezing below layer at 30-40cm, by what is soaked Seed is with clean wet sand by weight 1:4 puddle uniformly, and sand humidity is 60% or so, and agglomerating with holding, tactile dissipate is defined, Inserted after seed and sandy soil are mixed in hole, or first in hole bottom tiling 20cm wet sands, then the 10cm seeds that up tile, repave 10cm wet sands, when being taped against successively away from native face 20cm, are filled up hole with wet soil, to be buried in right amount in hole and be put grass mould proof to ventilate, broadcast Sand storage seed is manually sifted out with sieve before kind, according to 1 after sifting out:3 part by weight is uniformly mixed seed with sandy soil, is protected Hold 30% humidity, the stratification under conditions of 18 DEG C -25 DEG C, the sowing in time when there is 20-30% seeds to show money or valuables one carries unintentionally;Described Pack S103 refers to, with the plastic bowl container bag that specification is diameter 12cm, height 15cm, Nutrition Soil is filled into plastic bowl container bag 90% at, tamp Nutrition Soil, do not spilt and be defined from container bottom drain holes 2 by Nutrition Soil, hold according to ten polypots of a line The quantity of device bag is placed, and is conducive to the management in later stage field;Described sowing S104 is first carried out seedbed before referring to sowing Routine is watered, and seedbed is irrigated, it is ensured that Nutrition Soil is wet through in plastic bowl container bag, when seedbed can enter people and walk about, will revealed White Prunus Mongolica seeds are put into plastic bowl container bag, and every bag puts 2-3, beneficial to survival rate is ensured, in plastic bowl container bag 1-1.5cm of sandy soil is covered in face, after planting according to humidity condition, daily with plastic tube band upper nozzle sprayed water, spray water number of times according to Depending on humidity, spray 4-5 times, keep matrix moistening to ensure to emerge;Described field management S105 refers to according to polypots container The humidity condition of bag is watered, and two weeks is watered once, and weeds are removed in time, and seedling growth later stage, control is watered, is conducive to Nursery stock lignifying.
The foregoing is merely illustrative of the preferred embodiments of the present invention, is not intended to limit the invention, all essences in the present invention Any modifications, equivalent substitutions and improvements made within refreshing and principle etc., should be included in the scope of the protection.

Claims (3)

1. a kind of almond viability container seedling method, it is characterised in that the selection including nursery lot, carried out by Sand culture Vernalization, pack, sowing, field management;
The selection of described nursery lot refers to that the nursery lot of selection is located at Ba Yan Nor City Wulate Rear Banner Sai Wusu towns, belongs to plateau Continental climate, 96-105.9mm of mean annual precipitation, soil belongs to sandy loam, selects well-ventilated, the convenient husky earth of irrigation and drainage Ground is as nursery, and Nutrition Soil is by mountain torrents soil:Rhizobium soil:Sandy soil:Sheep manure=2:1:5:1 part by weight is configured, and is mixed Close uniform rear in case stand-by;
Described carries out entering by way of vernalization refers to carry out burial treatment to Prunus Mongolica seeds using sand storage Sand culture Row vernalization, the sand storage time is carried out before annual soil layer in December freezes reality, sand storage 80-90 days, is first soaked and planted with clear water before sand storage Son makes seed fully absorb water in 24-48 hours, reaches humidity more than 60%, good, the moist lee side of selection draining is dug Hole, depth is rested in more than underground water, below frozen soil layer, makes seed just at freezing below layer at 30-40cm, by what is soaked Seed is with clean wet sand by weight 1:4 puddle uniformly, and sand humidity is 60% or so, and agglomerating with holding, tactile dissipate is defined, Inserted after seed and sandy soil are mixed in hole, or first in hole bottom tiling 20cm wet sands, then the 10cm seeds that up tile, repave 10cm wet sands, when being taped against successively away from native face 20cm, are filled up hole with wet soil, to be buried in right amount in hole and be put grass mould proof to ventilate, broadcast Sand storage seed is manually sifted out with sieve before kind, compares 1 according to weight after sifting out:3 are uniformly mixed seed with sandy soil, are kept 30% humidity, the stratification under conditions of 18 DEG C -25 DEG C, the sowing in time when there is 20-30% seeds to show money or valuables one carries unintentionally;
Described pack refers to, with the plastic bowl container bag that specification is diameter 12cm, height 15cm, Nutrition Soil is filled into polypots At the 90% of container bag, Nutrition Soil is tamped, is not spilt and is defined from container bottom drain holes by Nutrition Soil, according to ten plastics of a line The quantity of alms bowl container bag is placed, and is conducive to the management in later stage field;
Described sowing refers to that seedbed first is carried out into routine before sowing waters, and seedbed is irrigated, it is ensured that sought in plastic bowl container bag Foster soil is wet through, and when seedbed can enter people and walk about, the Prunus Mongolica seeds showed money or valuables one carries unintentionally is put into plastic bowl container bag, every bag puts 2-3, beneficial to survival rate is ensured, 1-1.5cm of sandy soil is covered on plastic bowl container bag, after planting according to humidity condition, often It is sprayed water with plastic tube band upper nozzle, depending on water spray number of times is according to humidity, is sprayed 4-5 times, keeps matrix moistening to ensure Seedling;
Described field management refers to be watered according to the humidity condition of plastic bowl container bag, and two weeks waters once, in time Weeds are removed, seedling growth later stage, control is watered, and is conducive to nursery stock lignifying.
2. almond viability container seedling method as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that to use in described pack Nutrition Soil is by mountain torrents soil:Rhizobium soil:Sandy soil:Sheep manure=2:1:5:1 part by weight is configured.
3. almond viability container seedling method as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that described almond nursery lot container Method for culturing seedlings enhances the adaptability to reproducing area by the way of container seedling balled transplanting, can extend the afforestation season, and Container nursery does not account for arable land or occupied cultivated land less, realizes nursery everywhere, with field planting, wears original soil group, do not hinder root.
CN201410448337.9A 2014-09-04 2014-09-04 A kind of almond viability container seedling method Expired - Fee Related CN104255367B (en)

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CN105830837B (en) * 2016-03-25 2019-03-12 苏梓骁 A kind of semiarid Mountain Area four seasons exempt to pour method of forestation
CN109005730A (en) * 2018-07-02 2018-12-18 河西学院 A kind of Prunus Mongolica seeds low-temperature stratification Pregermination and seedling breeding method
CN108834659A (en) * 2018-07-02 2018-11-20 河西学院 A kind of rare woody oleiferous plants crop Prunus Mongolica seeds container seedling culture method
CN109041986A (en) * 2018-07-04 2018-12-21 麻仕栋 A kind of plant growing container bag and its method for culturing seedlings of Chinese pine nursery
CN109618594A (en) * 2018-12-13 2019-04-16 陕西省治沙研究所 A kind of Amygdalus pedunculata seed Sand culture germination accelerating method
CN111972267A (en) * 2020-08-28 2020-11-24 江苏水木农景股份有限公司 Sowing method for improving transplanting survival rate and growth amount of carya illinoensis bud seedlings

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CN101461319B (en) * 2009-01-15 2011-04-06 西北农林科技大学 Rapid seedling cultivation method of Prunus pedunculata Maxim.
CN102893835A (en) * 2012-10-11 2013-01-30 中国农业科学院兰州畜牧与兽药研究所 Fast seedling method for introducing Prunus mongolica in loess plateau regions

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN203633237U (en) * 2013-12-31 2014-06-11 塔里木大学 Seedling cultivation bowl for sand culture plants

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