CN202024754U - Dam and side slope three dimensional continuous deformation monitoring system - Google Patents

Dam and side slope three dimensional continuous deformation monitoring system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202024754U
CN202024754U CN2011201118002U CN201120111800U CN202024754U CN 202024754 U CN202024754 U CN 202024754U CN 2011201118002 U CN2011201118002 U CN 2011201118002U CN 201120111800 U CN201120111800 U CN 201120111800U CN 202024754 U CN202024754 U CN 202024754U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
slope
dam
dimensional continuous
measuring
continuous modification
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Expired - Lifetime
Application number
CN2011201118002U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张国新
李炳奇
刘毅
卢正超
冯帆
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China Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower Research
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China Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower Research
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Priority to CN2011201118002U priority Critical patent/CN202024754U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202024754U publication Critical patent/CN202024754U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a dam and side slope three dimensional continuous deformation monitoring system with the advantages of capability of continuous measurement, wide measuring range, automation and lower cost. The monitoring system comprises a measuring device, a signal acquisition and transmission device as well as a remote receiving and analyzing device, wherein the measuring device includes a plurality of measuring units; each measuring unit includes a minitype accelerometer or a minitype inclinometer fixed in a casing, and cables; the signal acquisition and transmission device includes a data collector and a wireless emitter; the remote receiving and analyzing device includes a signal receiver and a data calculation server; and data collected from the measuring device through the data collector can be directly downloaded and browsed through a laptop, or sent through the wireless emitter and transferred to the data calculation server through the signal receiver.

Description

The three-dimensional continuous modification monitoring system of dam and side slope
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of three-dimensional continuous modification monitoring system, can be used for measuring the surface of hydraulic structure and the slip distortion of internal modification and side slope different depth.
Background technology
The deformation monitoring of hydraulic structure is an important means of safety management.The inclination and distortion of monitoring side slope and hydraulic structure generally adopts tiltmeter etc. at present.These inclination measurement apparatus generally adopt spot measurement, and measurement range is limited, are difficult to robotization, and cost is very high.Rubble flow, side slope unstability are common geologic hazards at present.If can before it takes place, monitor, will take measures in advance, thereby loss be dropped to minimum.
The utility model content
Technology of the present utility model is dealt with problems and is: overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, provide that a kind of continuous coverage, measurement range are big, robotization, lower-cost dam and side slope three-dimensional continuous modification monitoring system.
Technical solution of the present utility model is: the three-dimensional continuous modification monitoring system of this dam and side slope comprises measurement mechanism, signals collecting and transmitting device, long-range receiving and analyzing device.Measurement mechanism comprises a plurality of measuring units, and each measuring unit comprises micro accelerometer or the miniature inclinometer that is fixed in enclosure, and cable; Signals collecting and transmitting device comprise data acquisition unit and transmitting set; Long-range receiving and analyzing device comprises signal receiver and data computation server; Data acquisition unit will directly periodically be downloaded and browse by notebook computer from the data of measurement mechanism collection, perhaps send by transmitting set and be sent to the data computation server through signal receiver.
Measure the angle of inclination of a plurality of positions owing to adopt a plurality of measuring units, so can realize continuous coverage, measurement range is big, because measuring unit uses micro accelerometer (or miniature inclinometer), inclination angle that can the perception shell also is converted into digital signal, realize that by signals collecting and transmitting device signal period property reads and stores, and through the data-signal of transmitting set by long-range receiving and analyzing device reception and storage emission, and form the graphic presentation of each measuring unit three-D displacement variation and time relationship on the display screen of data computation server, this has just realized robotization.In addition, this monitoring system is provided with the monitor or the tiltmeter of a plurality of single-points, and cost is lower.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 shows the structural representation according to measuring unit of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 shows the structural representation according to measurement mechanism of the present utility model;
Fig. 3 shows the cross sectional representation according to measuring unit of the present utility model;
Fig. 4 shows the structural representation according to dam of the present utility model and the three-dimensional continuous modification monitoring system of side slope.
Embodiment
As shown in Figure 1, 2, the measurement mechanism 10 of this monitoring system comprises a plurality of measuring units 4, and each measuring unit 4 comprises the micro accelerometer 2 (or miniature inclinometer) that is fixed in the shell, and cable 3.Certainly, also can include only a measuring unit 4.Recommend the micro accelerometer based on MEMS (based on the inclinometer of MEMS micro accelerometer) of use, inclination angle that can the perception shell also is converted into digital signal, realize that by data acquisition unit 12 signal period property reads and stores, cable comprises 2 signal wires and 2 power leads (as shown in Figure 3).MEMS (Micro ElectroMechanical System), be exactly the small mechanism of integrated machinery and electronic devices and components on a silicon substrate in fact, make the MEMS product by electronic section being used semiconductor technology and mechanical part use micromechanical process or increasing new structural sheet.MEMS mainly comprises several parts such as micro mechanism, microsensor, miniature actuator and corresponding treatment circuit, and it is to merge multiple Micrometer-Nanometer Processing Technology, and the high-tech front subject that grows up on the basis of the newest fruits of application modern information technologies.A brand-new technology field and industry have been opened up in the development of MEMS technology, and the microsensor of employing MEMS fabrication techniques, microactrator, micro parts, Micromechanical Optics device, vacuum microelectronic device, power electronic devices etc. all have very wide application prospect in Aero-Space, automobile, biomedicine, environmental monitoring, military affairs and other a lot of fields.The micro accelerometer based on MEMS (or inclinometer) that recommend to use in the utility model is any one very little application branch wherein just.
Preferably, described shell is a high strength rigid tubular structure 1.
Preferably, a plurality of measuring unit 4 series connection, measuring unit connects by universal ball joint 5 in twos, the termination sun joint universal ball joint of each measuring unit, the cloudy joint of another termination universal ball joint, the end of sun joint universal ball joint are provided with the hole that the power lead that is used for cable 3 and signal wire pass through.
Preferably, micro accelerometer 2 or miniature inclinometer are positioned at high strength rigid tubular structure 1 inside, more preferably the MEMS micro accelerometer 2 (or miniature inclinometer) of recommendation use is positioned at the center of rigid tubular structure 1, because what adopt is high strength rigid tubular structure 1, can think that promptly it can not be out of shape, sensor is placed on the center of rigid tubular structure, can record the inclination angle of rigid tubular structure on two orthogonal directionss accurately; While can be avoided inner micro accelerometer (or inclinometer) 2 to be interfered or destroy, if be put into 5 li of spherical universal knots, when two rod members connect rotation herein, is easy to the measuring accuracy of disturb sensor.
Preferably, consider the protection of power lead and signal wire, the hard-over of universal ball joint 5 is and 30 ° of the axis runouts of high strength rigid tubular structure 1.
Preferably, as shown in Figure 3, be provided with the resilient protection sleeve pipe 6 of waterproof anti-corrosion in the outside of high strength rigid tubular structure 1.In addition, be filled with flexible high molecular material 7 between the resilient protection sleeve pipe 6 of cable 3 and waterproof anti-corrosion.
Fig. 4 shows the structural representation according to dam of the present utility model and the three-dimensional continuous modification monitoring system of side slope.MEMS micro accelerometer 2 (or miniature inclinometer) by measurement mechanism 10 of the present utility model just can the perception shell the inclination angle and be converted into digital signal, realize that by data acquisition unit 12 periodicity of digital signal reads and stores, can be directly by notebook computer 11 periodic downloads and browsing data, also can digital signal be sent to data computation server 14 by transmitting set 8, utilize signal receiver 13 to receive and store the data-signal of emission, after the computational analysis through the server computer corresponding software, can on display screen, form the graphic presentation of each measuring unit three-D displacement variation and time relationship.The power supply of signal data acquisition device 12 can be used solar cell 9, public generating or large-capacity battery.Measurement mechanism 10 is powered by power lead by data acquisition unit 12.
The above; it only is preferred embodiment of the present utility model; be not that the utility model is done any pro forma restriction; every foundation technical spirit of the present utility model all still belongs to the protection domain of technical solutions of the utility model to any simple modification, equivalent variations and modification that above embodiment did.

Claims (7)

1. the three-dimensional continuous modification monitoring system of dam and side slope, comprise: measurement mechanism, signals collecting and transmitting device, long-range receiving and analyzing device, it is characterized in that: measurement mechanism comprises a plurality of measuring units (4), each measuring unit (4) comprises micro accelerometer (2) or the miniature inclinometer that is fixed in enclosure, and cable (3); Signals collecting and transmitting device comprise data acquisition unit (12) and transmitting set (8); Long-range receiving and analyzing device comprises signal receiver (13) and data computation server (14); Data acquisition unit (12) will directly periodically be downloaded and browse by notebook computer (11) from the data that measurement mechanism is gathered, and perhaps send by transmitting set (8) and be sent to data computation server (14) through signal receiver (13).
2. the three-dimensional continuous modification monitoring system of dam according to claim 1 and side slope, it is characterized in that: described shell is high strength rigid tubular structure (1).
3. the three-dimensional continuous modification monitoring system of dam according to claim 2 and side slope, it is characterized in that: a plurality of measuring units (4) series connection, measuring unit connects by universal ball joint (5) in twos, the one termination sun joint universal ball joint of each measuring unit, the cloudy joint of another termination universal ball joint, the end of sun joint universal ball joint are provided with the hole that the power lead that is used for cable (3) and signal wire pass through.
4. the three-dimensional continuous modification monitoring system of dam according to claim 3 and side slope, it is characterized in that: micro accelerometer (2) or miniature inclinometer are positioned at high strength rigid tubular structure (1) inside.
5. the three-dimensional continuous modification monitoring system of dam according to claim 4 and side slope, it is characterized in that: micro accelerometer (2) or miniature inclinometer are positioned at the center of high strength rigid tubular structure (1).
6. according to claim 4 or 5 described dams and the three-dimensional continuous modification monitoring system of side slope, it is characterized in that: the hard-over of universal ball joint (5) is and 30 ° of the axis runouts of high strength rigid tubular structure (1).
7. the three-dimensional continuous modification monitoring system of dam according to claim 6 and side slope, it is characterized in that: the outside of high strength rigid tubular structure (1) is provided with the resilient protection sleeve pipe (6) of waterproof anti-corrosion.
CN2011201118002U 2011-04-15 2011-04-15 Dam and side slope three dimensional continuous deformation monitoring system Expired - Lifetime CN202024754U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011201118002U CN202024754U (en) 2011-04-15 2011-04-15 Dam and side slope three dimensional continuous deformation monitoring system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011201118002U CN202024754U (en) 2011-04-15 2011-04-15 Dam and side slope three dimensional continuous deformation monitoring system

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CN202024754U true CN202024754U (en) 2011-11-02

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102252646A (en) * 2011-04-15 2011-11-23 中国水利水电科学研究院 Dam and side slope three-dimensional continuous deformation monitoring system
CN102607490A (en) * 2012-03-27 2012-07-25 中国水利水电科学研究院 Instrument for measuring displacement of anchor cable along path continuously
CN105040634A (en) * 2015-07-21 2015-11-11 山东康威通信技术股份有限公司 System and method for dynamically displaying rubber dam displacement and deformation through three-dimensional model
CN110186420A (en) * 2019-05-22 2019-08-30 中国铁道科学研究院集团有限公司铁道建筑研究所 A kind of tunnel cross section convergence deformation auto-monitoring system

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102252646A (en) * 2011-04-15 2011-11-23 中国水利水电科学研究院 Dam and side slope three-dimensional continuous deformation monitoring system
CN102252646B (en) * 2011-04-15 2013-04-24 中国水利水电科学研究院 Dam and side slope three-dimensional continuous deformation monitoring system
CN102607490A (en) * 2012-03-27 2012-07-25 中国水利水电科学研究院 Instrument for measuring displacement of anchor cable along path continuously
CN105040634A (en) * 2015-07-21 2015-11-11 山东康威通信技术股份有限公司 System and method for dynamically displaying rubber dam displacement and deformation through three-dimensional model
CN110186420A (en) * 2019-05-22 2019-08-30 中国铁道科学研究院集团有限公司铁道建筑研究所 A kind of tunnel cross section convergence deformation auto-monitoring system

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RGAV Abandon patent right to avoid regrant
AV01 Patent right actively abandoned

Granted publication date: 20111102

Effective date of abandoning: 20130424