CN203192201U - Online monitoring system for high-voltage long-distance power transmission line - Google Patents

Online monitoring system for high-voltage long-distance power transmission line Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203192201U
CN203192201U CN 201320079803 CN201320079803U CN203192201U CN 203192201 U CN203192201 U CN 203192201U CN 201320079803 CN201320079803 CN 201320079803 CN 201320079803 U CN201320079803 U CN 201320079803U CN 203192201 U CN203192201 U CN 203192201U
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China
Prior art keywords
data
sensor network
monitoring system
wireless sensor
zigbee
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN 201320079803
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈孟元
曹龙
陈跃东
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Xiamen Beitai Electric Co. Ltd.
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Anhui Polytechnic University
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Abstract

The utility model provides an online monitoring system for a high-voltage long-distance power transmission line. The online monitoring system is characterized by comprising a wireless sensor network suitable for collecting data information of an environmental field, an ARM9 (Advanced Risc Machines 9)-based embedded wireless gateway suitable for sending the data information to the internet, and a WEB-based data management and monitoring part suitable for managing and monitoring the data through the internet. Optionally, the wireless sensor network adopts a ZigBee wireless communication technology to enable sensor nodes to form a star topology structure. Optionally, the wireless sensor network comprises a data node suitable for collecting the data and a coordinator node suitable for being in charge of internal management and control of the wireless sensor network. The mobility and the networking flexibility of the system are greatly improved and the effects of simplifying the equipment mounting wire arrangement, improving the mobility and the convenience of the system and the like are very outstanding.

Description

High pressure long-distance transmission line on-line monitoring system
Technical field
The utility model relates to industrial control field, relates in particular to a kind of high pressure long-distance transmission line on-line monitoring system.
Background technology
Sensor network is made of the microsensor node of large scale deployment, these simple nodes detect, gather and handle the information of monitored object in real time with cooperation way, and these information are handled, obtain detailed and information accurately, be sent to client terminal.Traditional monitoring system mainly adopts the wired sensor network, its data transmission relies on conductive medium, need cable laying, bring a series of drawbacks relevant with delivering path such as wiring is complicated, preset interface is destroyed building, wireline inspection maintenance difficulty, circuit dilatation difficulty thus, these problem outstanding behaviours are that wired sensor network mobility difference and maintaining in the future are very inconvenient.The network coverage under many particular surroundingss and network support remain a difficult problem in addition.In the last few years, along with the mobile communication technology develop rapidly, unobstructed for setting up, reliable wireless network provided possibility, and wireless communication technology has been adopted in information acquisition and the transmission of increasing sensor network.(wireless sensor network WSN) can effectively reduce wired mode and transmit signal to the influence of high pressure long-distance transmission line wireless sensor network, obtains accurate information.
On the other hand, existing power equipment condition monitoring system generally adopts the communication of RS485/CAN bus mode, and Monitoring Data is reached Surveillance center in real time through the local wired network.Wireless sensor network and Web server be connected or Web server is realized with still adopting wired connected mode being connected of internet, its obvious defects is under the situation that surveyed area is bigger, detection node is many, equipment is installed with field wiring and is still seemed loaded down with trivial details, and mobility is relatively poor.
The utility model content
Deficiency at existing system, in order to obtain the more information in the wireless sensor network, simultaneously in order to meet the characteristics that the region is big in the monitored area, measuring point is many, of long duration, better realize precision monitor, the technical problems to be solved in the utility model provides a kind of high pressure long-distance transmission line on-line monitoring system.
According to aspect of the utility model, a kind of high pressure long-distance transmission line on-line monitoring system is provided, it is characterized in that, comprising:
Wireless sensor network is suitable for gathering the data message at environment scene;
Embedded radio gateway based on ARM9; Be suitable for described data message is sent to the internet; With
Data management and monitoring part based on WEB are suitable for managing and monitor described data by the internet.
Optionally, described wireless sensor network adopts the ZigBee wireless communication technology that each sensor node is formed star topology.
Optionally, described wireless sensor network comprises:
Back end is suitable for image data; With
Coordinator node is suitable for being responsible for management and the control of wireless sensor network inside.
Optionally, described back end comprises:
Sensor is suitable for image data;
ZigBee RFD is suitable for sending the data that sensor is gathered by coordinator node to the embedded radio gateway; With
Microprocessor.
Optionally, described embedded radio gateway based on ARM9 comprises:
The Zigbee module is used for the data message that receiving sensor collects;
The GPRS wireless communication module is suitable for by GPRS network and Internet network service;
Location time service module is suitable for the precise time that positioning system is via satellite obtained geography information and the collection site data at gateway place, forms the data message that has time/geographical labels; With
The ARM9 embedded microprocessor, built-in miniature Web server is used for the ZigBee module is carried out corresponding configuration and received the data of each ZigBee terminal node.
Optionally, described data management based on WEB is adopted the B/S architecture with the monitoring part.
Optionally, described data management is to operate in the cover of one on Web server web application with the monitoring part.
Optionally, selecting " No. one, the Big Dipper " navigational system for use is global position system, so that geography and temporal information to be provided.
The utility model has mainly been introduced the ultimate principle that the wireless sensor network that has time/geographical labels is realized, each Module Design scheme of hardware in high pressure long-distance transmission line monitoring system.Utilize the characteristics of wireless-sensor network distribution type, improved system movability and networking flexibility significantly, especially in the simplified apparatus installation wiring, it is very remarkable to improve aspect effects such as system's movability and convenience; Utilize the gateway of GPRS, ZigBee telegon and embedded web server design to realize the whole network seamless link, overcome the lower bottleneck of ZigBee transfer rate under the conventional gateway framework simultaneously.Make the user realize browsing and analyzing each parameter of high pressure long-distance transmission line by Web browser, no matter in where, need only time, space distribution and the variation that all can understand various measured parameter by computing machine at any time, monitor the situation of change in tested zone at any time.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the high pressure long-distance transmission line on-line monitoring system that provides among embodiment of the utility model;
Fig. 2 is the wireless sensor network topology structural representation among Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the sensor node hardware configuration synoptic diagram that provides among embodiment of the utility model;
Fig. 4 is the gateway hardware configuration synoptic diagram that provides among embodiment of the utility model.
Embodiment
In order to make the purpose of this utility model, technical scheme and advantage clearer, below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the utility model is further described.Should be appreciated that specific embodiment described herein only in order to explaining the utility model, and be not used in restriction the utility model.
Deficiency at existing system, simultaneously because when accurately obtaining high pressure long-distance transmission line measured parameter, need have accurate geographic coordinate and time tag in these information, these information that collect can be reacted the actual conditions of measurand more accurately, for data analysis provides the data support with precisely controlling.In order to obtain the more information in the wireless sensor network, simultaneously in order to meet the characteristics that the region is big in the monitored area, measuring point is many, of long duration, better realize precision monitor, the utility model proposes high pressure long-distance transmission line on-line monitoring system under a kind of Internet of Things framework that carries time tag.
According to embodiment of the utility model, a kind of high pressure long-distance transmission line on-line monitoring system that carries the time geographical labels is proposed.As shown in Figure 1, this on-line monitoring system comprises:
Be installed in the wireless sensor network at environment scene;
Embedded radio gateway based on ARM9; With
Data management and monitoring part based on WEB.
Wherein, wireless sensor network is used for gathering the data message at environment scene, is connected with gateway by the Zigbee module, and gateway receives the data that sensing network transmits, be connected with the internet by the GPRS module, the user can land the WEB browser environment scene is monitored.
For wireless sensor network, it can adopt the ZigBee wireless communication technology that each sensor node is formed star topology.In the present embodiment, as shown in Figure 2, star network is a radial structure; Described wireless sensor network is mainly by sensor node (Reduced Function Device, RFD), coordinator node (Full Function Device, FFD) and gateway node constitute, each sensor node in the monitored area becomes star topology by the networking of ZigBee wireless communication technology.
For each sensor node in the wireless sensor network, as shown in Figure 3, each sensor node circuit comprises:
Microprocessor;
ZigBee RFD; With
Sensor.
All sensor nodes only communicate by coordinator node and gateway node, and the information that the records mode by multi-hop is sent to coordinator node, and sensor node is not that the starting point of communication is exactly the terminal point of communication.
Coordinator node is responsible for management and the control of wireless sensor network inside, if certain sensor node will communicate with the another one sensor node, so just need coordinator node, data are sent to coordinator node earlier, and then by data being sent to the purpose sensor node.
Gateway node has the system of stronger communication capacity, computing power and affluent resources, and it realizes the mutual conversion between the communication protocol, finishes the seamless link of wireless sensor network and Internet network.
According to embodiment of the utility model, the high-performance 1T cycle single-chip microcomputer STC11F16 that described microprocessor adopts macrocrystalline science and technology to produce, what sensor node RFD and coordinator node FFD used is the CC2420 chip of Chipcon company, at present, the long sensor that uses of high pressure long-distance transmission line monitoring has: shock sensor, strain gauge, obliquity sensor, sag sensor, temperature sensor, tension pick-up, acceleration transducer, lightning monitoring device and icing monitoring equipment etc.By at various monitoring devices of visual plant deploy such as shaft tower, power transmission lines, use the wireless sense network that the ZigBee wireless communication technology is formed many monitoring devices collaborative perception, for on-line monitoring provides real-time reference data.
As shown in Figure 4, this embedded radio gateway hardware circuit comprises:
Embedded microprocessor (S3C2410A), the ARM9 processor is the core of whole wireless sensor network gateway, is used for the ZigBee module is carried out corresponding configuration and received the data of each ZigBee terminal node;
Memory module (FLASH and SDRAM);
The GPRS wireless communication module is by the data transmission between GPRS network and Internet network service realization ARM terminal and the client;
The Zigbee module is used for the data message that receiving sensor collects;
Time service module in location is obtained the geography information (warp, latitude) at gateway place and the precise time of collection site data by big-dipper satellite, forms the data message that has time/geographical labels; And
Other peripheral circuit (for example power module etc.).
Wherein, the information that is sent to the ZigBee module arrives built-in miniature Web server in the ARM9 processor.
Described data management is adopted B/S architecture: browser/server with the monitoring part, refer to browser and server end, need not adorn special software at client-side, as long as a browser, user side can displaying live view after the login monitoring system and the site environment parameter that collects of analysis wireless sensor network.Be very easy to user's operation, realize the remote access to wireless sensor network.
The utility model has mainly been introduced the ultimate principle that the wireless sensor network that has time/geographical labels is realized, each Module Design scheme of hardware in high pressure long-distance transmission line monitoring system.Utilize the characteristics of wireless-sensor network distribution type, improved system movability and networking flexibility significantly, especially in the simplified apparatus installation wiring, it is very remarkable to improve aspect effects such as system's movability and convenience; Utilize the gateway of GPRS, ZigBee telegon and embedded web server design to realize the whole network seamless link, overcome the lower bottleneck of ZigBee transfer rate under the conventional gateway framework simultaneously.Make the user realize browsing and analyzing each parameter of high pressure long-distance transmission line by Web browser, no matter in where, need only time, space distribution and the variation that all can understand various measured parameter by computing machine at any time, monitor the situation of change in tested zone at any time.
Should be noted that and understand, under the situation that does not break away from the desired spirit and scope of the present utility model of accompanying Claim, can make various modifications and improvement to the utility model of foregoing detailed description.Therefore, the scope of claimed technical scheme is not subjected to the restriction of given any specific exemplary teachings.

Claims (3)

1. high pressure long-distance transmission line on-line monitoring system, it is characterized in that, wireless sensor network adopts the ZigBee wireless communication technology that each sensor node is formed star topology, embedded radio gateway based on ARM9 comprises: the Zigbee module is used for the data message that receiving sensor collects; The GPRS wireless communication module is suitable for by GPRS network and Internet network service; Location time service module is suitable for the precise time that positioning system is via satellite obtained geography information and the collection site data at gateway place, forms the data message that has time/geographical labels; With the ARM9 embedded microprocessor, built-in miniature Web server is used for the ZigBee module is carried out corresponding configuration and received the data of each ZigBee terminal node.
2. high pressure long-distance transmission line on-line monitoring system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described wireless sensor network comprises: back end is suitable for image data; And coordinator node, be suitable for being responsible for management and the control of wireless sensor network inside.
3. high pressure long-distance transmission line on-line monitoring system according to claim 2, it is characterized in that described back end comprises: sensor is suitable for image data; ZigBee RFD is suitable for sending the data that sensor is gathered by coordinator node to the embedded radio gateway; And microprocessor.
CN 201320079803 2013-02-01 2013-02-01 Online monitoring system for high-voltage long-distance power transmission line Expired - Fee Related CN203192201U (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103926904A (en) * 2014-04-25 2014-07-16 桂林电子科技大学 Mobile Internet of Things with path optimization function and management method thereof
CN104183103A (en) * 2014-08-12 2014-12-03 西安工程大学 Field debugging system for online power transmission line monitoring devices and debugging method thereof
CN105321325A (en) * 2015-11-27 2016-02-10 苏州云达通信科技有限公司 Satellite remote unattended sensor network
CN106208023A (en) * 2016-09-13 2016-12-07 国家电网公司 A kind of single-phase arc overvoltage based on metallic ground principle limits device
CN110441655A (en) * 2019-08-08 2019-11-12 中广核玉溪元江风力发电有限公司 A kind of wind power plant collection electric line lightning stroke ground fault detection system
CN113702749A (en) * 2021-09-24 2021-11-26 温州大学 Non-contact electric energy comprehensive measurement device and electric power internet of things system

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103926904A (en) * 2014-04-25 2014-07-16 桂林电子科技大学 Mobile Internet of Things with path optimization function and management method thereof
CN104183103A (en) * 2014-08-12 2014-12-03 西安工程大学 Field debugging system for online power transmission line monitoring devices and debugging method thereof
CN105321325A (en) * 2015-11-27 2016-02-10 苏州云达通信科技有限公司 Satellite remote unattended sensor network
CN106208023A (en) * 2016-09-13 2016-12-07 国家电网公司 A kind of single-phase arc overvoltage based on metallic ground principle limits device
CN110441655A (en) * 2019-08-08 2019-11-12 中广核玉溪元江风力发电有限公司 A kind of wind power plant collection electric line lightning stroke ground fault detection system
CN113702749A (en) * 2021-09-24 2021-11-26 温州大学 Non-contact electric energy comprehensive measurement device and electric power internet of things system

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ASS Succession or assignment of patent right

Owner name: XIAMEN BEITECH ELECTRICAL CO., LTD.

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Effective date: 20140411

C41 Transfer of patent application or patent right or utility model
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Effective date of registration: 20140411

Address after: 361000 S306, South third floor, Torch Hotel, torch hi tech Zone, Fujian, Xiamen

Patentee after: Xiamen Beitai Electric Co. Ltd.

Address before: Anhui Engineering University Technology Transfer Center of the Yangtze River Road, high tech Zone 241008 in Anhui city of Wuhu province No. 83 Branch Center

Patentee before: Anhui Polytechnic University

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20130911

Termination date: 20190201