CN201964722U - Solar energy and air stove combined drying equipment - Google Patents

Solar energy and air stove combined drying equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201964722U
CN201964722U CN2011200441311U CN201120044131U CN201964722U CN 201964722 U CN201964722 U CN 201964722U CN 2011200441311 U CN2011200441311 U CN 2011200441311U CN 201120044131 U CN201120044131 U CN 201120044131U CN 201964722 U CN201964722 U CN 201964722U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
solar energy
drying
solar
hot
heat
Prior art date
Application number
CN2011200441311U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
沈卫强
刘小龙
冯斌
刘娜
田翔
张�杰
樊国全
Original Assignee
新疆农业科学院农业机械化研究所
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Application filed by 新疆农业科学院农业机械化研究所 filed Critical 新疆农业科学院农业机械化研究所
Priority to CN2011200441311U priority Critical patent/CN201964722U/en
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Publication of CN201964722U publication Critical patent/CN201964722U/en

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers

Abstract

The utility model discloses solar energy and air stove combined drying equipment, which consists of a drying room, an air stove and an electric cabinet; the interior of the drying room is partitioned into three chambers, namely a heat exchange chamber I, a solar heating chamber II and a drying chamber III through a vertical partition plate and a horizontal partition plate; the roof of the drying room is provided with a transparent cover plate; a solar heat collecting plate and the horizontal partition plate are placed in parallel to partition the solar heating chamber into a solar heat collecting layer and a solar heat exchange layer; and a programmable logic controller (PLC) control module is built in the electric cabinet. The purpose of regulating and controlling the temperature and the humidity of the drying chamber is fulfilled by controlling the switching of a circulating fan; when the meteorological condition is good, solar energy is started to provide dry heat energy; when the heat supplied by the solar energy is insufficient, the solar energy and the air stove are simultaneously started to supply heat; and the combined drying mode has low dependency on the meteorological condition, is easy to realize automatic control, has high drying efficiency, good drying quality and low energy consumption, and can perform drying operation all the year round.

Description

A kind of solar energy and hot-blast stove combination drying equipment
Technical field
The utility model belongs to dry technology equipment field, relates to a kind of solar energy and hot-blast stove combination drying equipment.
Background technology
Solar energy drying utilizes solar energy, and luminous energy is converted into heat energy, is used for dry processing, and solar energy drying belongs to energy saving and environment friendly drying.But exist greatly to the dependence of meteorological condition, temperature rise is slow, the problem of poor controllability, thereby promote the use of and be restricted.At present, the means that address this problem normally adopt supplementary energy or increase the hot measure of storage.Hot-blast stove begins to promote and obtained using widely at the end of the nineties in China in late 1970s as the thermal source drying, become the regeneration product of electric heat source and traditional steam power thermal source in many industries, technology is ripe, fuel source is abundant, available coal, gas, oil act as a fuel, but there is the operating cost height, the problem that environmental pollution is big.
The utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of solar energy and hot-blast stove combination drying equipment, overcome solar energy or hot-blast stove and carry out the dry problem that exists as single thermal source, the combination drying way that a kind of not only energy-conserving and environment-protective is provided but also easily controls automatically, this kind combination drying way is low to the meteorological condition degree of dependence, the drying efficiency height, dry mass is good, and it is low to consume energy, and can carry out drying operation throughout the year.
The purpose of this utility model is achieved in that a kind of solar energy and hot-blast stove combination drying equipment, is made up of drying shed, hot-blast stove and electric cabinet three parts.Become three Room by vertical partition plate with the horizontal baffle lattice in the drying shed, top is the solar energy heating chamber, and the left part Heat Room links to each other with hot-blast stove, the right part hothouse.The deck of drying shed is a transparent cover plate, and the parallel placement with horizontal baffle of solar heat-collection plate is separated into the solar energy heating chamber two-layer up and down: solar energy heating floor and solar energy heat exchange layers.The horizontal baffle right side end air inlet that links to each other with hothouse is equipped with the automatic air-intake device of gravity type, and the left side links to each other with Heat Room and one brings out the air port circulating fan is housed.At the Heat Room exterior wall wet-emitting blower is installed.Hot-blast stove is by linking to each other with Heat Room into and out of the air channel, and the air inlet duct pipeline is equipped with the pressure axial flow blower.The material go-cart is by dry door turnover, and the automatic air-intake device of gravity type is equipped with in lower end, the dry door left and right sides.The PLC control module reaches the purpose of the dry room temperature of regulation and control, humidity by the switch of control circulating fan and wet-emitting blower.
Utilize solar energy drying to use separately: when fine dried material operation, material to be dried to be installed in the material go-cart, push hothouse, close door.The solar heat-collection plate of solar energy heating chamber is subjected to the solar radiation by transparent cover plate, absorb solar energy and the temperature rising, under the effect of circulating fan, air-flow is heated by solar heat-collection plate from the heat exchange layers that the horizontal baffle air inlet enters the solar energy heating chamber, enter Heat Room from the air outlet in horizontal baffle left side, the circulating fan through the vertical partition plate bottom is blown into hothouse.
Utilize the dry use of hot-blast stove: at overcast and rainy and night and temperature rise initial stage, during drying operation, the hot blast that hot-blast stove work produces enters Heat Room, under the effect of circulating fan, hot blast passes the material bed thermal material that adds, and forms a big heat circulating system in the hothouse, highly humid air enters Heat Room from the circulating fan on the top of vertical partition plate, carry out air-flow forced circulation dry run, wet-emitting blower can be finished the adjusting of dry gas stream humidity, all finishes up to dry run.
The combination drying way that the utility model combines solar energy drying and hot-blast stove drying, fine day is enabled solar energy dry heat energy is provided, when solar-heating is not enough, enable solar-heating and hot-blast stove heat supply simultaneously, the temperature rise initial stage, overcast and rainy and enable hot-blast stove night dry heat energy is provided has the hot blast forced circulation, and air-flow is even, the drying efficiency height, low characteristics consume energy.
Description of drawings
The utility model is described in further detail below in conjunction with accompanying drawing.
Fig. 1 is the utility model structural representation.
Direction shown in the arrow is the air-flow loop direction among the figure.
The specific embodiment
A kind of solar energy and hot-blast stove combination drying equipment, as shown in Figure 1, comprise drying shed 8, hot-blast stove 1 and 9 three main parts of electric cabinet of having door 17, hot-blast stove 1 is by 2,4 linking to each other with drying shed 8 into and out of the air channel, and electric cabinet 9 built-in PLC control modules reach the temperature of controlling drying shed 8, the purpose of humidity by the switching of control circulating fan 5 and wet-emitting blower 6.
Drying shed 8 inside are divided into three Room by vertical partition plate 7 and horizontal baffle 12, I-Heat Room, II-solar energy heating chamber, III-hothouse.The deck of drying shed is a transparent cover plate 10, constitutes the solar energy heating chamber between horizontal baffle 12 and the transparent cover plate 10, and middle part, solar energy heating chamber is equipped with solar heat-collection plate 11 it is divided into solar energy heating floor 15 and solar energy heat exchange layers 14.The horizontal baffle 12 right sides end air inlet that links to each other with hothouse is equipped with the automatic air-intake device 16 of gravity type, and the left side links to each other with Heat Room and one brings out the air port circulating fan 5 is housed.The Heat Room exterior wall punch with hot-blast stove by 2,4 linking to each other into and out of the air channel, air inlet duct is equipped with forces axial flow blower 3, vertical partition plate respectively is equipped with circulating fan 5 up and down, at the Heat Room exterior wall wet-emitting blower 6 is installed.After material go-cart 13 pushes hothouse, fasten door 17.The automatic air-intake device of gravity type 11 is hingedly mounted on door 17 both sides by hinge respectively for uniform blade, closes air inlet automatically by the deadweight of blade.

Claims (4)

1. solar energy and hot-blast stove combination drying equipment, comprise the drying shed (8) that has door (17), (9) three main parts of hot-blast stove (1) and electric cabinet, hot-blast stove (1) is by air inlet duct (2), exhaust passage (4) links to each other with drying shed (8), air inlet duct (2) mouth is equipped with forces axial flow blower (3), vertical partition plate (7) and horizontal baffle (12) are equipped with in drying shed (8) inside, vertical partition plate respectively is equipped with circulating fan (5) up and down, horizontal baffle (12) the right side end air inlet that links to each other with hothouse is equipped with the automatic air-intake device of gravity type (16), the left side links to each other with Heat Room and one to bring out the air port circulating fan (5) is housed, at the Heat Room exterior wall wet-emitting blower (6) is installed, door (17) both sides are equipped with the automatic air-intake device of gravity type (16).
2. solar energy according to claim 1 and hot-blast stove combination drying equipment is characterized in that: drying shed (8) is inner to be divided into three Room by vertical partition plate (7) and horizontal baffle (12), I-Heat Room, II-solar energy heating chamber, III-hothouse.
3. solar energy according to claim 1 and hot-blast stove combination drying equipment is characterized in that: the switching of built-in PLC control module control circulating fan (5) of electric cabinet (9) and wet-emitting blower (6).
4. solar energy according to claim 1 and 2 and hot-blast stove combination drying equipment, it is characterized in that: the deck of drying shed (8) is transparent cover plate (10), constitute the solar energy heating chamber between horizontal baffle (12) and the transparent cover plate (10), middle part, solar energy heating chamber is equipped with solar heat-collection plate (11) it is divided into solar energy heating floor (15) and solar energy heat exchange layers (14).
CN2011200441311U 2011-02-22 2011-02-22 Solar energy and air stove combined drying equipment CN201964722U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011200441311U CN201964722U (en) 2011-02-22 2011-02-22 Solar energy and air stove combined drying equipment

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011200441311U CN201964722U (en) 2011-02-22 2011-02-22 Solar energy and air stove combined drying equipment

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN201964722U true CN201964722U (en) 2011-09-07

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2011200441311U CN201964722U (en) 2011-02-22 2011-02-22 Solar energy and air stove combined drying equipment

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN201964722U (en)

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102620531A (en) * 2012-04-05 2012-08-01 镇江新梦溪能源科技有限公司 Auxiliary heating pipeline integral type solar drier
CN102620530A (en) * 2012-04-05 2012-08-01 镇江新梦溪能源科技有限公司 Auxiliary heating flat plate integral type solar drier
CN102878793A (en) * 2012-09-12 2013-01-16 四川南充首创科技开发有限公司 Assistant biomass heat source for solar drier and intelligent regulation and control device
CN102927803A (en) * 2012-11-12 2013-02-13 江苏福通木业有限公司 Wood chip drying device
CN102967133A (en) * 2012-10-27 2013-03-13 张向华 Hot air drying room
CN103090647A (en) * 2012-11-14 2013-05-08 昆山市大金机械设备厂 Industrial oven
CN103512319A (en) * 2012-06-18 2014-01-15 海口同方阳光科技有限公司 Original palm rattan drying technology of solar heating pump
CN103673520A (en) * 2012-09-25 2014-03-26 昆山尚达智机械有限公司 Solar timber drying equipment
CN104776693A (en) * 2015-03-20 2015-07-15 殷玉华 Intelligent drying device for traditional Chinese medicinal materials
CN108955110A (en) * 2018-07-03 2018-12-07 真木农业设备(安徽)有限公司 A kind of solar drying device

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102620531A (en) * 2012-04-05 2012-08-01 镇江新梦溪能源科技有限公司 Auxiliary heating pipeline integral type solar drier
CN102620530A (en) * 2012-04-05 2012-08-01 镇江新梦溪能源科技有限公司 Auxiliary heating flat plate integral type solar drier
CN103512319A (en) * 2012-06-18 2014-01-15 海口同方阳光科技有限公司 Original palm rattan drying technology of solar heating pump
CN102878793A (en) * 2012-09-12 2013-01-16 四川南充首创科技开发有限公司 Assistant biomass heat source for solar drier and intelligent regulation and control device
CN102878793B (en) * 2012-09-12 2014-09-24 四川南充首创科技开发有限公司 Assistant biomass heat source for solar drier and intelligent regulation and control device
CN103673520A (en) * 2012-09-25 2014-03-26 昆山尚达智机械有限公司 Solar timber drying equipment
CN102967133A (en) * 2012-10-27 2013-03-13 张向华 Hot air drying room
CN102927803A (en) * 2012-11-12 2013-02-13 江苏福通木业有限公司 Wood chip drying device
CN103090647A (en) * 2012-11-14 2013-05-08 昆山市大金机械设备厂 Industrial oven
CN104776693A (en) * 2015-03-20 2015-07-15 殷玉华 Intelligent drying device for traditional Chinese medicinal materials
CN108955110A (en) * 2018-07-03 2018-12-07 真木农业设备(安徽)有限公司 A kind of solar drying device

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GR01 Patent grant
C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20110907

Termination date: 20120222