CN203776051U - Layered moisture absorbing type grain drying tower - Google Patents

Layered moisture absorbing type grain drying tower Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203776051U
CN203776051U CN201420163201.9U CN201420163201U CN203776051U CN 203776051 U CN203776051 U CN 203776051U CN 201420163201 U CN201420163201 U CN 201420163201U CN 203776051 U CN203776051 U CN 203776051U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
grain
tower body
moisture absorption
moisture absorbing
horn shape
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Expired - Lifetime
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CN201420163201.9U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张文天
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Kaiyuan City Iron Grain Is Built Grain Machinery Development In Science And Technology Co Ltd
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Kaiyuan City Iron Grain Is Built Grain Machinery Development In Science And Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201420163201.9U priority Critical patent/CN203776051U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/80Food processing, e.g. use of renewable energies or variable speed drives in handling, conveying or stacking
    • Y02P60/85Food storage or conservation, e.g. cooling or drying

Abstract

The utility model discloses a layered moisture absorbing type grain drying tower. The grain drying tower comprises a tower body and a bucket elevator; a grain inlet is formed in the top part of the tower body; a grain discharging mechanism and a grain outlet are respectively arranged and formed at the bottom part of the tower body; a discharge port in the top part of the bucket elevator is connected with the grain inlet in the top part of the tower body through a grain feeding slide pipe; a feed port is formed in the bottom part of the bucket elevator; a plurality of layers of inlet angular box and a plurality of layers of exhaust annular box are arranged in the tower body; hot air chambers communicated with the air inlet angular boxes are formed in the tower body; the hot air chambers are connected with hot air supply pipes; moisture absorbing chambers communicated with the exhaust angular boxes are also formed in the tower body; a plurality of horizontal separating plates are arranged in the moisture absorbing chambers and lengthways divide the moisture absorbing chambers into a plurality of moisture absorbing air boxes; a moisture absorbing fan is arranged outside each of the moisture absorbing air boxes; the moisture absorbing air boxes are connected with air inlets of the moisture absorbing fans. With the adoption of the layered moisture absorbing type grain drying tower, the flow rate of hot air in each layer can be independently controlled, thus the grain drying efficiency is high, and good energy saving effect is realized.

Description

A kind of layering damp absorbed type grain drying tower
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of grain drying equipment, especially a kind of grain drying tower.
Background technology
Grain drying tower is a kind of common grain drying equipment, its operation principle is that the high-temperature hot-air that hot-blast stove is produced imports the air inlet horn shape box in tower body, high water content grain in tower body is dried, from the steam evaporating in grain, through exhaust horn shape box, discharge tower body.Grain drying tower of the prior art all adopts the mode of forced draft that high-temperature hot-air is imported to tower body, utilize one or two high-power air blasts, the hot blast that hot-blast stove is produced is pressed into tower body, owing to needing to consume a large amount of hot blasts in grain heat-drying process, therefore, press the air blast general power of hot blast conventionally will reach 50-60kw, electric quantity consumption is larger, and grain heat-drying cost is higher.In addition, grain drying tower of the prior art all adopts whole cloth wind structure, and hot blast is evenly pressed into air inlet horn shape box by hot air chamber or hot-flow flue, and relies on malleation in tower from exhaust horn shape box, to discharge tower body by drying the steam producing.The drying tower of this structure can not be accomplished hierarchical control hot blast, therefore, the startup stage of drying tower, can cause the grain moisture content of bottom larger, need to again enter tower and dry, and causes grain moisture content too low; At drying tower, close down the stage, along with grain in tower body is discharged, the hot blast that enters tower body from the air inlet horn shape box on tower body top can directly be discharged from exhaust horn shape box, cause hot blast short circuit, and the grain of bottom can not normally be dried.
Utility model content
The technical problem that utility model will solve: a kind of layering damp absorbed type grain drying tower is provided, and this layering damp absorbed type grain drying tower can independently be controlled each layer of hot air flow, and grain heat-drying efficiency is high, good energy-conserving effect.
The technical scheme that technical solution problem is taked: a kind of layering damp absorbed type grain drying tower, comprise tower body, bucket elevator, at tower body top, be provided with grain-entering mouth, in tower body bottom, be provided with draining crop mechanism and grain outlet, the discharging opening at bucket elevator top is connected with the grain-entering mouth at tower body top by upper grain elephant trunk, bottom at bucket elevator is provided with charging aperture, in tower body, be provided with multilayer air inlet horn shape box and exhaust horn shape box, in tower body, be provided with the hot air chamber with air inlet horn shape box UNICOM, hot air chamber connects warm-air supply pipe, at tower body, be provided with the moisture absorption chamber with exhaust horn shape box UNICOM in also, be provided with a plurality of horizontal baffles the moisture absorption is indoor, dividing plate is longitudinally separated into a plurality of moisture absorption bellows by moisture absorption chamber, at each moisture absorption bellows, be provided with a moisture absorption blower fan outward, moisture absorption bellows connect moisture absorption air inlet.
As improvement of the present utility model: hot air chamber is arranged on tower body central authorities, and with the air inlet horn shape box UNICOM of hot air chamber both sides, a moisture absorption chamber with exhaust horn shape box UNICOM is respectively set in tower body both sides.
As further improvement of the utility model: be provided with cooling section above draining crop mechanism, air inlet horn shape box side at cooling section is provided with cooling air compartment, cooling air compartment connects cooling duct, exhaust horn shape box side at cooling section is provided with cool wind box, at cool wind box, be provided with cooling induced-draught fan outward, cool wind box connects cooling blower air inlet.
As another kind of the present utility model, improve: the grain outlet in tower body bottom is provided with time grain elephant trunk that connects bucket elevator charging aperture, at grain outlet, be provided with control flashboard with returning on grain elephant trunk.
Beneficial effect: the utility model layering damp absorbed type grain drying tower, owing to having adopted described layering damp absorbed type grain drying tower to comprise tower body, bucket elevator, at tower body top, be provided with grain-entering mouth, in tower body bottom, be provided with draining crop mechanism and grain outlet, the discharging opening at bucket elevator top is connected with the grain-entering mouth at tower body top by upper grain elephant trunk, bottom at bucket elevator is provided with charging aperture, in tower body, be provided with multilayer air inlet horn shape box and exhaust horn shape box, in tower body, be provided with the hot air chamber with air inlet horn shape box UNICOM, hot air chamber connects warm-air supply pipe, in tower body, be also provided with the moisture absorption chamber of exhaust horn shape box UNICOM and be provided with a plurality of horizontal baffles the moisture absorption is indoor, dividing plate is longitudinally separated into a plurality of moisture absorption bellows by moisture absorption chamber, at each moisture absorption bellows, be provided with a moisture absorption blower fan outward, moisture absorption bellows connect the technical scheme of moisture absorption air inlet, during work after moisture absorption fan starting, can in drying tower, form negative pressure in the position of respective layer, hot blast in hot air chamber is sucked to the air inlet horn shape box of this position, the grain of respective layer in tower body is carried out to drying and processing, the steam producing enters moisture absorption blower fan through moisture absorption bellows and discharges, startup by moisture absorption blower fan corresponding to each moisture absorption bellows of independent control or close, realize the independent hot air flow of controlling each layer.The startup stage of drying tower, by each layer of difference, supply with hot blast, can effectively prevent the too high phenomenon of grain moisture content of tower bottom; At drying tower, closing down the stage, closing in time the moisture absorption blower fan in emptying district, tower top, can prevent hot blast short circuit, making the undischarged grain of Ta Neishang can normally obtain hot-air seasoning.In addition, based on principle of expanding with heat and contracting with cold, the steam volume forming after high-temperature hot-air and the heat exchange of Low Temperature Wet grain is much smaller than hot blast volume, therefore, the moisture absorption blower fan general power of layering damp absorbed type grain drying tower of the present utility model only enter blower fan general power for common malleation drying tower thermal air pressure half just can meet drying requirement, it is high that layering damp absorbed type grain drying tower of the present utility model has grain heat-drying efficiency, the advantages such as good energy-conserving effect.Owing to having adopted, above draining crop mechanism, be provided with cooling section, air inlet horn shape box side at cooling section is provided with cooling air compartment, cooling air compartment connects cooling duct, exhaust horn shape box side at cooling section is provided with cool wind box, at cool wind box, be provided with cooling induced-draught fan outward, cool wind box connects the technical characterictic of cooling blower air inlet, and the grain after drying can be lowered the temperature in time, is convenient to storage and the transportation of grain; Owing to having adopted hot air chamber to be arranged on tower body central authorities, and with the air inlet horn shape box UNICOM of hot air chamber both sides, a technical characterictic with the moisture absorption chamber of exhaust horn shape box UNICOM is respectively set in tower body both sides, makes layering damp absorbed type grain drying tower of the present utility model go for the large-scale grain drying tower that production capacity is larger; Owing to having adopted the grain outlet in tower body bottom to be provided with time grain elephant trunk that connects bucket elevator charging aperture, on grain outlet and time grain elephant trunk, be provided with the technical characterictic of controlling flashboard, by operation flashboard, the a small amount of super moisture grain producing the startup stage of making drying tower enters bucket lifting machine inlet capable by returning grain elephant trunk, again enter drying tower and carry out drying and processing, simpler compared with two super moisture grain structures of belt conveyor transhipment of available technology adopting, more convenient operation, production and operating cost are lower.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of layering damp absorbed type grain drying tower of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of layering damp absorbed type grain drying tower of the present utility model.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, layering damp absorbed type grain drying tower of the present utility model is described in further detail.
As shown in Figure 1, layering damp absorbed type grain drying tower of the present utility model comprises tower body 1, bucket elevator 8, at tower body top, be provided with grain-entering mouth 2, in tower body bottom, be provided with draining crop mechanism 14 and grain outlet 15, the discharging opening at bucket elevator top is connected with the grain-entering mouth at tower body top by upper grain elephant trunk 4, in the bottom of bucket elevator, be provided with charging aperture 13, grain outlet in tower body bottom is provided with time grain elephant trunk 12 that connects bucket elevator charging aperture, on grain outlet and time grain elephant trunk, be provided with and control flashboard 11, in tower body, be provided with multilayer air inlet horn shape box and exhaust horn shape box, in tower body, be also provided with the hot air chamber 16 with air inlet horn shape box UNICOM, moisture absorption chamber 3 with exhaust horn shape box UNICOM, hot air chamber connects warm-air supply pipe 17, be provided with a plurality of horizontal baffles 7 the moisture absorption is indoor, dividing plate is longitudinally separated into a plurality of moisture absorption bellows 5 by moisture absorption chamber, at each moisture absorption bellows, be provided with a moisture absorption blower fan 6 outward, moisture absorption bellows connect moisture absorption air inlet.
Above draining crop mechanism, be provided with cooling section, air inlet horn shape box side at cooling section is provided with cooling air compartment 19, and cooling air compartment connects cooling duct 18, in the exhaust horn shape box side of cooling section, is provided with cool wind box 9, at cool wind box, be provided with cooling induced-draught fan 10 outward, cool wind box connects cooling blower air inlet.
As another kind of embodiment of the present utility model, as shown in Figure 2, hot air chamber 16 is arranged on tower body central authorities, and with the air inlet horn shape box UNICOM of hot air chamber both sides, a moisture absorption chamber 3 with exhaust horn shape box UNICOM is respectively set in tower body both sides.

Claims (4)

1. a layering damp absorbed type grain drying tower, comprise tower body, bucket elevator, at tower body top, be provided with grain-entering mouth, in tower body bottom, be provided with draining crop mechanism and grain outlet, the discharging opening at bucket elevator top is connected with the grain-entering mouth at tower body top by upper grain elephant trunk, bottom at bucket elevator is provided with charging aperture, in tower body, be provided with multilayer air inlet horn shape box and exhaust horn shape box, it is characterized in that: in tower body, be provided with the hot air chamber with air inlet horn shape box UNICOM, hot air chamber connects warm-air supply pipe, at tower body, be provided with the moisture absorption chamber with exhaust horn shape box UNICOM in also, be provided with a plurality of horizontal baffles the moisture absorption is indoor, dividing plate is longitudinally separated into a plurality of moisture absorption bellows by moisture absorption chamber, at each moisture absorption bellows, be provided with a moisture absorption blower fan outward, moisture absorption bellows connect moisture absorption air inlet.
2. layering damp absorbed type grain drying tower according to claim 1, is characterized in that: hot air chamber is arranged on tower body central authorities, and with the air inlet horn shape box UNICOM of hot air chamber both sides, a moisture absorption chamber with exhaust horn shape box UNICOM is respectively set in tower body both sides.
3. layering damp absorbed type grain drying tower according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: above draining crop mechanism, be provided with cooling section, air inlet horn shape box side at cooling section is provided with cooling air compartment, cooling air compartment connects cooling duct, exhaust horn shape box side at cooling section is provided with cool wind box, at cool wind box, be provided with cooling induced-draught fan outward, cool wind box connects cooling blower air inlet.
4. layering damp absorbed type grain drying tower according to claim 3, is characterized in that: the grain outlet in tower body bottom is provided with time grain elephant trunk that connects bucket elevator charging aperture, on grain outlet and time grain elephant trunk, is provided with control flashboard.
CN201420163201.9U 2014-04-04 2014-04-04 Layered moisture absorbing type grain drying tower Expired - Lifetime CN203776051U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106918216A (en) * 2017-03-24 2017-07-04 福建南平荣田机械制造有限公司 A kind of method and device of uniform drying of taking grain out of a granary to sun it
CN107889885A (en) * 2017-09-19 2018-04-10 合肥市凯佳机械加工有限公司 A kind of novel rice drying tower
CN109855415A (en) * 2019-04-01 2019-06-07 青岛创客机械设备制造有限公司 A kind of high-temperature energy-conservation vertical type drying apparatus
CN111296564A (en) * 2020-03-30 2020-06-19 郭立春 Tower type grain dryer
CN113074539A (en) * 2020-01-03 2021-07-06 四川奥凯川龙农产品干燥设备制造有限公司 Wind-blocking device for roller shutter

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106918216A (en) * 2017-03-24 2017-07-04 福建南平荣田机械制造有限公司 A kind of method and device of uniform drying of taking grain out of a granary to sun it
CN106918216B (en) * 2017-03-24 2019-03-12 湖北天和机械有限公司 A kind of method and device for drying of uniformly taking grain out of a granary to sun it
CN107889885A (en) * 2017-09-19 2018-04-10 合肥市凯佳机械加工有限公司 A kind of novel rice drying tower
CN109855415A (en) * 2019-04-01 2019-06-07 青岛创客机械设备制造有限公司 A kind of high-temperature energy-conservation vertical type drying apparatus
CN109855415B (en) * 2019-04-01 2023-11-24 青岛创客机械设备制造有限公司 High-temperature energy-saving vertical drying device
CN113074539A (en) * 2020-01-03 2021-07-06 四川奥凯川龙农产品干燥设备制造有限公司 Wind-blocking device for roller shutter
CN113074539B (en) * 2020-01-03 2024-03-26 四川奥凯川龙农产品干燥设备制造有限公司 Shutter air-closing device
CN111296564A (en) * 2020-03-30 2020-06-19 郭立春 Tower type grain dryer

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