CN201964423U - Pyrolysis and pyrolysis gas secondary combustion integral burning equipment - Google Patents

Pyrolysis and pyrolysis gas secondary combustion integral burning equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201964423U
CN201964423U CN2010206376241U CN201020637624U CN201964423U CN 201964423 U CN201964423 U CN 201964423U CN 2010206376241 U CN2010206376241 U CN 2010206376241U CN 201020637624 U CN201020637624 U CN 201020637624U CN 201964423 U CN201964423 U CN 201964423U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
annular
pyrolysis
firing chamber
dual firing
vertical
Prior art date
Application number
CN2010206376241U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈泽峰
陈金兴
孙建军
姚艳
张海燕
林钦云
Original Assignee
福建省丰泉环保控股有限公司
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Priority to CN2010206376241U priority Critical patent/CN201964423U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201964423U publication Critical patent/CN201964423U/en

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Abstract

The utility model discloses pyrolysis and pyrolysis gas secondary combustion integral burning equipment, which comprises a racking mechanism, a feeding mechanism, a cylindrical vertical pyrolysis furnace, a spiral slagging machine and an annular secondary combustion chamber, wherein the annular secondary combustion chamber annularly coats the vertical pyrolysis furnace body; an outer wall coats the annular secondary combustion chamber; the racking mechanism is arranged outside the outer wall of the annular secondary combustion chamber and above the top of the vertical pyrolysis furnace body; the feeding mechanism is arranged between the racking mechanism and the top of the vertical pyrolysis furnace, and comprises a feed hopper, a first gate and a second gate from top to bottom; the spiral slagging machine is arranged at the bottom of the vertical pyrolysis furnace; an annular partition wall is arranged between the vertical pyrolysis furnace and the annular secondary combustion chamber; a plurality of vent holes are uniformly formed at the upper part of the annular partition wall to communicate the vertical pyrolysis furnace and the annular secondary combustion chamber; a secondary intake air blower is arranged on the upper connecting outer wall of the annular secondary combustion chamber; and a smoke outlet is arranged at the lower part of the annular secondary combustion chamber. The pyrolysis and pyrolysis gas secondary combustion integral burning equipment can be widely applied to hazardous waste incineration industry.

Description

A kind of pyrolysis and the integrated burning facility of pyrolysis gas second-time burning
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of burning disposal equipment, refers in particular to a kind of pyrolysis and the integrated burning facility of pyrolysis gas second-time burning, and it is applicable to the danger wastes burning disposal.
Background technology
For the disposal of danger wastes, what extensively adopt in the world is the burning method disposal technology.When existing danger wastes burned, pyrolysis oven and dual firing chamber were two separate equipment, and the pyrolysis gas that pyrolysis oven comes out enters by high-temperature pipe and continues fully burning in the dual firing chamber.Its weak point is: the burning facility floor space is big, cost cost height, and the operating cost height, the pipeline heat loss is big etc.
The utility model content
The purpose of this utility model provides a kind of pyrolysis and the integrated burning facility of pyrolysis gas second-time burning.
For realizing the purpose of this utility model, the inventor takes following technical scheme: a kind of pyrolysis and the integrated burning facility of pyrolysis gas second-time burning, comprise a feed mechanism, a feeding mechanism, a cylindric vertical pyrolysis oven, a spiral tapping machine, also comprise an annular dual firing chamber, wherein, annular dual firing chamber annular is coated on outside the vertical pyrolysis oven body of heater, coats one deck outer wall outside annular dual firing chamber again; Feed mechanism is arranged on outside the annular dual firing chamber outer wall and vertical pyrolysis oven body of heater over top; Feeding mechanism is arranged between feed mechanism and the vertical pyrolysis oven body of heater top, and it comprises feed hopper, the first road flashboard and the second road flashboard from top to bottom; Spiral tapping machine is arranged on vertical pyrolysis oven furnace bottom; Also be provided with a ring-type partition wall between vertical pyrolysis oven and the annular dual firing chamber, ring-type partition wall top evenly distributes several ventholes to be communicated with vertical pyrolysis oven and ring-type dual firing chamber, annular dual firing chamber top connects outer wall the secondary air air blast is set, and annular dual firing chamber bottom sets out mouth.
The workflow of pyrolysis of the present utility model and the integrated burning facility of pyrolysis gas second-time burning is: pour danger wastes into feed hopper by feed mechanism, through entering vertical pyrolysis oven behind the double-gate plate seal apparatus, when annular dual firing chamber is preheating to 850 ℃, with the danger wastes igniting of vertical pyrolysis oven bottom, and blast air less than theoretical air requirement (theoretical air requirement is the required dry air amount of danger wastes completing combustion), the danger wastes of bottom begins spontaneous combustion, wherein the organic compound composition of long-chain begins the flammable pyrolysis gas that pyrolysis becomes short chain in anoxic environment, flammable pyrolysis gas enters annular dual firing chamber and excess air by venthole fully to be mixed and carries out the high temperature peroxide and fully burn, and the molecular structure of the poisonous and harmful substance in the flue gas is thoroughly destroyed.After danger wastes reacted completely, slag was discharged via the furnace bottom spiral tapping machine.
The utility model has dwindled the volume of existing danger wastes burning facility, reduces floor space, reduces operating cost, and has reduced the resistance of ducting that flammable pyrolysis gas transmits, and has improved pyrolysis efficient.
The utility model can be widely used in danger wastes burning disposal industry.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a structural representation of the present utility model.
The specific embodiment
Now the technical solution of the utility model is described in further detail: a kind of pyrolysis and the integrated burning facility of pyrolysis gas second-time burning in conjunction with Figure of description, as shown in Figure 1, comprise a feed mechanism 1, a feeding mechanism, a cylindric vertical pyrolysis oven 8, a spiral tapping machine 16, also comprise an annular dual firing chamber 10, wherein, annular dual firing chamber 10 annulars are coated on outside vertical pyrolysis oven 8 bodies of heater, coat one deck outer wall 17 outside annular dual firing chamber again; Feed mechanism is arranged on outside the annular dual firing chamber outer wall 17 and vertical pyrolysis oven body of heater over top; Feeding mechanism is arranged between feed mechanism 1 and the vertical pyrolysis oven body of heater top, and it comprises feed hopper 2, the first road flashboard 3 and the second road flashboard 4 from top to bottom; Spiral tapping machine 16 is arranged on vertical pyrolysis oven furnace bottom; Also be provided with a ring-type partition wall 9 between vertical pyrolysis oven and the annular dual firing chamber, ring-type partition wall top evenly distributes several ventholes 5 (its quantity and size are according to the design of equipment actual treatment amount) to be communicated with vertical pyrolysis oven and ring-type dual firing chamber, annular dual firing chamber 10 tops connect outer wall 17 secondary air air blast 6 are set, and annular dual firing chamber bottom sets out mouth 11.Connect outer wall 17 on annular dual firing chamber 10 tops combustion-supporting combustor 7 also is set, it is positioned at secondary air air blast 6 belows.
During work, danger wastes is promoted in the feed hopper 2 by feed mechanism 1, pending danger wastes drops on earlier on the first road flashboard 3, when blanking is instructed, the first road flashboard is opened, danger wastes is fallen the second road flashboard 4, be that danger wastes is at the first road flashboard 3, in the cavity between the second road flashboard 4, after treating the first road flashboard, 3 closures, the second road flashboard 4 is opened, and treats to close the second road flashboard after danger wastes is fallen on the siege 13, danger wastes enters vertical pyrolysis oven 8 by the second road flashboard 4, makes furnace gas with the external world convection current not take place.When annular dual firing chamber 10 is preheating to 850 ℃, vertical pyrolysis oven 8 by combustor 12 igniting, and is blasted air less than theoretical air requirement by air intake air blast 14, the pyrolysis oven body of heater adopts the bottom air feed, but cooling hearth 13.The danger wastes of bottom begins spontaneous combustion, and the heat of its generation is dried the danger wastes on top and heated up, and the oxygen in the consumed cabin air, makes the upper strata danger wastes be in anaerobic environment.The upper strata danger wastes is when reaching the required temperature of pyrolysis, wherein the organic compound composition of long-chain begins the pyrolysis gas that pyrolysis becomes short chain in anoxic environment, pyrolysis gas enters annular dual firing chamber 10 by venthole 5, by combustion-supporting combustor 7 igniting, secondary air air blast 6 makes the tangential air intake of combustion air, pyrolysis gas and combustion air be fierce turbulent flow in annular dual firing chamber 10, fully mix no dead angle, satisfied " 3T " (Temperature ignition temperature, the Time time of staying, Turbulence turbulivity) principle that danger wastes burns.Fully gas fume after burning enters thereafter exhaust gas purification equipment by outlet flue 11.Go out under pyrolysis gas is enterprising and combustion air fully mixes and carries out the high temperature peroxide and fully burn, turbulence level height, and can guarantee that it stops more than 2 seconds in high temperature section makes in the pyrolysis gas harmful substance thoroughly destroy by fire.This equipment is when stable operation, and the pyrolysis gas production is stable, and pyrolysis gas can be in the spontaneous combustion of annular dual firing chamber, and combustion-supporting combustor 7 only is used for preheating of annular dual firing chamber and igniting, need not combustion-supporting oil consumption, has significantly reduced operating cost.After danger wastes reacted completely, slag drained into out pit 15 via furnace bottom spiral tapping machine 16.

Claims (2)

1. pyrolysis and the integrated burning facility of pyrolysis gas second-time burning, comprise a feed mechanism (1), a feeding mechanism, a cylindric vertical pyrolysis oven (8), a spiral tapping machine (16), it is characterized in that: also comprise an annular dual firing chamber (10), wherein, annular dual firing chamber (10) annular is coated on outside vertical pyrolysis oven (8) body of heater, coats one deck outer wall (17) outside annular dual firing chamber again; Feed mechanism is arranged on outside the annular dual firing chamber outer wall (17) and vertical pyrolysis oven body of heater over top; Feeding mechanism is arranged between feed mechanism (1) and the vertical pyrolysis oven body of heater top, and it comprises feed hopper (2), the first road flashboard (3) and the second road flashboard (4) from top to bottom; Spiral tapping machine (16) is arranged on vertical pyrolysis oven furnace bottom; Also be provided with a ring-type partition wall (9) between vertical pyrolysis oven and the annular dual firing chamber, ring-type partition wall top evenly distributes several ventholes (5) to be communicated with vertical pyrolysis oven and ring-type dual firing chamber, annular dual firing chamber (10) top connects outer wall (17) secondary air air blast (6) is set, and annular dual firing chamber bottom sets out mouth (11).
2. pyrolysis according to claim 1 and the integrated burning facility of pyrolysis gas second-time burning is characterized in that: connect outer wall (17) on annular dual firing chamber (10) top combustion-supporting combustor (7) also is set, it is positioned at secondary air air blast (6) below.
CN2010206376241U 2010-12-01 2010-12-01 Pyrolysis and pyrolysis gas secondary combustion integral burning equipment CN201964423U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010206376241U CN201964423U (en) 2010-12-01 2010-12-01 Pyrolysis and pyrolysis gas secondary combustion integral burning equipment

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010206376241U CN201964423U (en) 2010-12-01 2010-12-01 Pyrolysis and pyrolysis gas secondary combustion integral burning equipment

Publications (1)

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CN201964423U true CN201964423U (en) 2011-09-07

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CN (1) CN201964423U (en)

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102641881A (en) * 2012-04-01 2012-08-22 胡昀 Garbage continuous cracking furnace
CN103420049A (en) * 2013-08-27 2013-12-04 天紫环保投资控股有限公司 Liftable feeding device for garbage disposal
CN103672908A (en) * 2013-11-29 2014-03-26 广东昕旺环保科技发展有限公司 Vertical shaft multiple incinerator for refuse pyrolysis, gasification and fusion
CN104456575A (en) * 2014-11-10 2015-03-25 宜昌市九天环保科技有限公司 Household garbage pyrolysis combustion furnace and operation process thereof
CN104949132A (en) * 2015-07-17 2015-09-30 张宝家 Pyrolyzing gasifier
CN105135437A (en) * 2015-08-11 2015-12-09 李海平 Household garbage lack oxygen gasification and combustion integration type tri-treatment (reduction, harmless treatment and resourceful treatment) processing device and method
CN106051786A (en) * 2016-06-21 2016-10-26 南通天蓝环保能源成套设备有限公司 Novel medical garbage pyrolysis incinerator
CN106122974A (en) * 2016-08-09 2016-11-16 上海任得机械制造有限公司 A kind of garbage pyrolysis furnace
CN106196080A (en) * 2016-07-13 2016-12-07 北京保利洁科技发展有限公司 A kind of method of solid waste resource recovery
WO2020113684A1 (en) * 2018-12-06 2020-06-11 舒小明 Vertical waste treatment furnace, and waste treatment system and method

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102641881A (en) * 2012-04-01 2012-08-22 胡昀 Garbage continuous cracking furnace
CN102641881B (en) * 2012-04-01 2014-07-09 胡昀 Garbage continuous cracking furnace
CN103420049A (en) * 2013-08-27 2013-12-04 天紫环保投资控股有限公司 Liftable feeding device for garbage disposal
CN103672908A (en) * 2013-11-29 2014-03-26 广东昕旺环保科技发展有限公司 Vertical shaft multiple incinerator for refuse pyrolysis, gasification and fusion
CN104456575A (en) * 2014-11-10 2015-03-25 宜昌市九天环保科技有限公司 Household garbage pyrolysis combustion furnace and operation process thereof
CN104949132A (en) * 2015-07-17 2015-09-30 张宝家 Pyrolyzing gasifier
CN105135437A (en) * 2015-08-11 2015-12-09 李海平 Household garbage lack oxygen gasification and combustion integration type tri-treatment (reduction, harmless treatment and resourceful treatment) processing device and method
CN105135437B (en) * 2015-08-11 2018-05-29 李海平 Weary gasification, burning integral type " three change " processing unit of house refuse and method
CN106051786A (en) * 2016-06-21 2016-10-26 南通天蓝环保能源成套设备有限公司 Novel medical garbage pyrolysis incinerator
CN106196080A (en) * 2016-07-13 2016-12-07 北京保利洁科技发展有限公司 A kind of method of solid waste resource recovery
CN106122974A (en) * 2016-08-09 2016-11-16 上海任得机械制造有限公司 A kind of garbage pyrolysis furnace
WO2020113684A1 (en) * 2018-12-06 2020-06-11 舒小明 Vertical waste treatment furnace, and waste treatment system and method

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GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20110907

Termination date: 20161201

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee