CN102641881A - Garbage continuous cracking furnace - Google Patents

Garbage continuous cracking furnace Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN102641881A
CN102641881A CN2012100948664A CN201210094866A CN102641881A CN 102641881 A CN102641881 A CN 102641881A CN 2012100948664 A CN2012100948664 A CN 2012100948664A CN 201210094866 A CN201210094866 A CN 201210094866A CN 102641881 A CN102641881 A CN 102641881A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
cracking
heater
storehouse
furnace
slide valve
Prior art date
Application number
CN2012100948664A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN102641881B (en
Inventor
胡昀
Original Assignee
胡昀
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 胡昀 filed Critical 胡昀
Priority to CN201210094866.4A priority Critical patent/CN102641881B/en
Publication of CN102641881A publication Critical patent/CN102641881A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN102641881B publication Critical patent/CN102641881B/en

Links

Abstract

The invention discloses a garbage continuous cracking furnace and aims to provide the garbage continuous cracking furnace which is relatively low in operation cost, good in purification effect, relatively low in energy consumption, free from pollution emission, high in working efficiency, relatively large in treatment amount and wide in application range. The garbage continuous cracking furnace comprises a furnace body, a first gate valve (11) and a second gate valve (14), wherein the first gate valve (11) and the second gate valve (14) divide the furnace body into a cracking cabin (26), a middle cabin (13) and a feeding cabin (16); a side wall at the cracking cabin (26) comprises an inner liner (8), a heat-preserving layer (9) and an outer liner (10) which are sequentially arranged from inside to outside; a heater (24) is arranged in the heat-preserving layer (9); a slag discharging pipe (23) is arranged on the lower part of the cracking cabin (26); a cracking cabin air outlet (27) is formed in the side wall at the cracking cabin (26); and a middle cabin air outlet (28) is formed in the side wall at the middle cabin (13).

Description

A kind of rubbish continuous cracking stove
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of rubbish continuous cracking stove.
Background technology
Comparatively typical refuse treatment plant in the past mainly contains following several kinds: 1, high temperature incineration equipment.Its volume and weight is bigger, and disposal of refuse is unmake obviously; Be suitable for more type of waste and large-scale application; Stable, sterilization and pollutant removal are good.But this equipment construction and operating cost are high, and energy resource consumption is big, and the equipment sealing is poor, and air pollution is serious, when utilizing this equipment to carry out garbage disposal, are prone to produce pernicious gases such as bioxin, and greenhouse gas emissions are big; 2, high pressure steam sterilization equipment.This equipment investment is relatively low, and operating cost is low, is easy to detect, and residue danger is lower, and sterilization effect is good, and suitable process range is wider.But the volume of this equipment is less and treating capacity is limited, and Disinfection Effect is relatively poor, and the pressure release exhaust has the discharging of contaminated air thing, is prone to produce gas with foreign flavor.Therefore, improvement is made to these problems by many producers or company, and for example the patent No. is that the Chinese patent of ZL2011103750241 discloses a kind of waste cracking furnace; It comprises pyrolysis furnace body of heater, cover plate, motor, speed changer, and said pyrolysis furnace upper of furnace body opening part is a dog-house, and said cover plate and said dog-house are sealed and matched; Said pyrolysis furnace upper of furnace body is provided with gas vent, and said pyrolysis furnace body of heater comprises inner bag, outer courage, and said inner bag and said outer courage are provided with heat-insulation layer; Be provided with heater in the said heat-insulation layer; The said furnace body bottom of separating is provided with residue outlet, and this patent is under the state of totally-enclosed, negative pressure, oxygen deprivation, rubbish to be carried out cracking, and energy consumption is low, disposal cost is low, do not produce greenhouse gases; And sterilization, sterilization and complete decomposition; But this patent needs discontinuity to feed intake in actual application, and inefficiency, treating capacity be fewer, can't be applicable to large-scale Biohazard Waste Disposal.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention is the deficiency that overcomes prior art, provides that a kind of operating cost is lower, purified treatment is effective, energy resource consumption is less, non-pollutant discharge, high efficiency, treating capacity are big, adapt to wide rubbish continuous cracking stove.
The technical scheme that the present invention adopted is: the present invention includes body of heater and be arranged on first slide valve, second slide valve on the said body of heater; Said first slide valve and said second slide valve with said body of heater be divided into cracking storehouse, intermediate bin, the storehouse feeds intake; The sidewall that is positioned at said cracking Cang Chu on the said body of heater comprises inner bag, outer courage; Be provided with heat-insulation layer between said inner bag and the said outer courage; Be provided with heater in the said heat-insulation layer, bottom, said cracking storehouse is provided with residue outlet, and the top in said cracking storehouse also is positioned at said side wall of furnace and is provided with gas outlet, cracking storehouse; The top in said cracking storehouse also is positioned at said side wall of furnace and is provided with gas outlet, cracking storehouse, the top of said intermediate bin and be positioned at said side wall of furnace and be provided with the intermediate bin gas outlet.
Said rubbish continuous cracking stove also comprises motor, speed changer, agitator, and it is outside that said motor, said speed changer are arranged on said body of heater, and said agitator is arranged in the said cracking storehouse and with said speed changer and is in transmission connection.
Said body of heater below also is provided with pulverizer; Said residue outlet is communicated with said pulverizer; Said speed changer also is connected with tooth sector; The input gear of said pulverizer is meshed with said tooth sector, and said pulverizer one end is a carbon ash slag notch, and said carbon ash slag notch place is provided with slide valve.
Said cracking also is equipped with the rubbish baffle plate in the storehouse, and said rubbish baffle plate below is provided with solid slag passage, and said solid slag passage lower end passes said body of heater diapire, said residue outlet and said solid slag channel connection.
The sidewall that said body of heater is positioned at said cracking storehouse is provided with window.
The sidewall that said body of heater is positioned at said cracking storehouse is provided with hygrosensor.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: owing to the present invention includes body of heater and be arranged on first slide valve, second slide valve on the said body of heater, said first slide valve and said second slide valve are divided into cracking storehouse, intermediate bin, the storehouse that feeds intake with said body of heater, and the sidewall that is positioned at said cracking Cang Chu on the said body of heater comprises inner bag, outer courage; Be provided with heat-insulation layer between said inner bag and the said outer courage, be provided with heater in the said heat-insulation layer, bottom, said cracking storehouse is provided with residue outlet; The top in said cracking storehouse also is positioned at said side wall of furnace and is provided with gas outlet, cracking storehouse, and the top in said cracking storehouse also is positioned at said side wall of furnace and is provided with gas outlet, cracking storehouse, the top of said intermediate bin and be positioned at said side wall of furnace and be provided with the intermediate bin gas outlet; The rubbish material is by knocking down the said storehouse that feeds intake that material conveyer is delivered to the continuous cracking stove, reach thing position setting height after, stop conveyer; Open said second slide valve, the rubbish material gets into said intermediate bin from the said storehouse that feeds intake, close said second slide valve after; Open said first slide valve again, the rubbish material gets into said cracking storehouse from said intermediate bin and carries out cracking, in the time of cracking; The rubbish material is by knocking down the said storehouse that feeds intake that material conveyer is delivered to the continuous cracking stove, reach thing position setting height after, stop conveyer; Open said second slide valve this moment; Pending rubbish rests on said intermediate bin, close top said second slide valve after, start again and knock down material conveyer and feed intake; After cracking is accomplished; Open said first slide valve, the rubbish material gets into said cracking storehouse from said intermediate bin, repeats the action of charging then; So adopt the cracking technique of continuous operation; Need not to shut down cooling, daily handling ability 10 ~ 20T is so operating cost of the present invention is lower, purified treatment is effective, energy resource consumption is less, non-pollutant discharge, high efficiency, treating capacity is big, adaptation is wide and floor space is little.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of slide valve of the present invention.
The specific embodiment
As shown in Figure 1; The present invention includes body of heater and first slide valve 11, second slide valve 14 that are arranged on the said body of heater; The top of said body of heater is a dog-house 17; Said first slide valve 11 and said second slide valve 14 with said body of heater be divided into cracking storehouse 26, intermediate bin 13, the storehouse 16 that feeds intake, said dog-house 17 is positioned at the top in the said storehouse 16 that feeds intake, in the actual manufacture process; Said body of heater is a three stage structure; Said first slide valve 11 is between said cracking storehouse 26 and said intermediate bin 13, and said second slide valve 14 is said intermediate bin 13 and said feeding intake between the storehouse 16, and said first slide valve 11 is same structure with said second slide valve 14; The loam cake, hollow sheeting 33, lower cover, rubber gasket 37, the axis of guide 34, otic placode 35 and the balance plate 41 that include slip valve plate 34, hydraulic cylinder 40 and set gradually from top to bottom; Said loam cake and said under cover and be provided with material-dropping hole, said slip valve plate 34 be positioned at said loam cake and said lower cover and with the said hollow sheeting 33 suitable valve bodies that form, said hydraulic cylinder 40 is connected with said slip valve plate 34; In the actual fabrication process; Said loam cake comprises top external seal plate 39, the top internal fixation plate 38 that sets gradually from top to bottom, and said top external seal plate 39 is provided with the material-dropping hole I with said top internal fixation plate 38, and said lower cover comprises bottom internal fixation plate 32, the bottom external seal plate 31 that sets gradually from top to bottom; Said bottom internal fixation plate 32 is provided with the material-dropping hole II with said bottom external seal plate 31; Said hollow sheeting 33, said slip valve plate 34 are between said top internal fixation plate 38 and said bottom internal fixation plate 32, and said hydraulic cylinder 40 is arranged on the outside of said external seal plate 39 or bottom external seal plate 31, are provided with flexible graphite grazing pad 37 between said hollow sheeting 33 and the said slip valve plate 34; The quantity of the said axis of guide 34 can be according to the actual conditions setting; Adopted three parallel said axis of guides 34 among the present invention, said slip valve plate 36 is connected with said otic placode 35 through the said axis of guide 34, and said otic placode 35 is connected with the power transmission shaft of said hydraulic cylinder 40; The said axis of guide 34 passes said balance plate 41, and said balance plate 41 is fixedly installed on said top internal fixation plate 38 or the said bottom internal fixation plate 32.
The sidewall that is positioned at said cracking Cang26Chu on the said body of heater comprises inner bag 8, outer courage 10; Be provided with heat-insulation layer 9 between said inner bag 8 and the said outer courage 10; Be provided with heater 24 in the said heat-insulation layer 9; 26 bottoms, said cracking storehouse are provided with residue outlet 23; The top in said cracking storehouse 26 also is positioned at said side wall of furnace and is provided with gas outlet, cracking storehouse 27, the top of said intermediate bin 13 and be positioned at said side wall of furnace and be provided with intermediate bin gas outlet 28, and the gas that rubbish is produced in the Pintsch process process 27 is drawn with said intermediate bin gas outlet 28 and by the further purified treatment of outside operation from gas outlet, cracking storehouse.
Said rubbish continuous cracking stove also comprises motor 1, speed changer 2, agitator 5; It is outside that said motor 1, said speed changer 2 are arranged on said body of heater; Said agitator 5 is arranged in the said cracking storehouse 26 and with said speed changer 2 and is in transmission connection; It is even that said agitator 5 can be convenient to the inner rubbish cracking of said body of heater, and make things convenient for the rubbish on top to move down.
Said body of heater below also is provided with pulverizer 21; Said residue outlet 23 is communicated with said pulverizer 21; Utilize said pulverizer 21 with further cooling and the pulverizing of bulky grain garbage carbon charcoal thing, said speed changer 2 also is connected with tooth sector 22, and the input gear of said pulverizer 21 is meshed with said tooth sector 22; Said pulverizer 21 1 ends are carbon ash slag notch 19, and said carbon ash slag notch 19 places are provided with slide valve 20.
In the said cracking storehouse 26 rubbish baffle plate 4 is installed also; Said rubbish baffle plate 4 belows are provided with solid slag passage 3; Said solid slag passage 3 lower ends pass said body of heater diapire, and said residue outlet 23 is communicated with said solid slag passage 3, and said rubbish baffle plate 4 can not isolate to be fallen by the rubbish of complete cracking, carbon ashing; The rubbish of charcoal ashing is sent to pulverizer 21 from said solid slag passage 3, and guarantee obtains good treatment effect.
In addition; Said body of heater is positioned on the sidewall in said cracking storehouse 26 and also is provided with hygrosensor 6, manhole flange and blind plate 7, window 25; Said hygrosensor 6 is used for rubbish temperature in observation and the test body of heater, and said manhole flange and blind plate 7 are convenient to maintenance and cleaning in the body of heater, and said window 25 is used to observe the cracking degree of the 26 pairs of rubbish in said cracking storehouse; And; In order to guarantee the power transmission shaft operate as normal in the said solid slag passage 3 and to maintain easily and clear up, on the sidewall of said solid slag passage 3, also offer the maintenance window, close through panel under the said maintenance window normal condition; Modes such as for example screw is fixed or buckle or screw thread be fixing need to safeguard and open said maintenance window during cleaning.
In practical work process; Said motor 1, said speed changer 2, said pulverizer 21 and said body of heater all are fixedly installed on the base 18; Said body of heater is fixed on the said base 18 through bracing frame; The capacity in the said storehouse 16 that feeds intake prevents in the continuous dosing process that less than the capacity in said intermediate bin 13 and said cracking storehouse 26 the rubbish material blocks said first slide valve 11 with said second slide valve 14.
Operation principle of the present invention is: pan feeding first, start said second pressure cylinder 15, and under dynamic action, open said second slide valve 14; Put material in the said storehouse 16 that feeds intake into said intermediate bin 13, and close said second pressure cylinder 15 and said second slide valve 14 rapidly, under dynamic action, open said first slide valve 11 then; Materials in the said intermediate bin 13 are put into the pyrolysis furnace cracking and are handled, after said first slide valve 11 is opened, and the low-temperature material gasification of being heated; Can be handled through outside negative pressure equipment clean by said intermediate bin gas outlet 28, material is put into cracking processing in the said cracking storehouse 26, closes first slide valve 11 and said slag notch slide valve 20 under the sealing situation; Through said heater 24, rubbish material in the hyperfrequency eddy current heats said inner bag 8 and stove makes it under the condition of 850 ℃ of oxygen deprivations of temperature; Start said motor 1 and agitator 5, the rubbish material of the pyrolysis furnace first half is owing to the weight of self, the ashing of the rapid cracking carbon of bottom rubbish material; Volume-diminished under the effect of said agitator 5, continues to carry out Pintsch process and descend; And carbon ashing rapidly, charing flows to said pulverizer 21 after said rubbish baffle plate 4 drops to said solid slag outlet 3 by said residue outlet 23; With further pulverizing and cooling after the charing of bulky grain carbon, by 19 dischargings of carbon charcoal slag notch, the pernicious gas that produces in the process is handled through outside negative pressure equipment clean by gas outlet, said cracking storehouse 27 at last; In the cracking material, begin to carry out follow-up pan feeding, be about to the rubbish material and put into said intermediate bin 13 from said feeding warehouse 16; Close said second pressure cylinder 15 then and close said second slide valve 14, continue feeding again and give said feeding warehouse 16, pyrolysis furnace is after a furnace charge is handled in cracking in the time of setting; Can start said first pressure cylinder 12, said first slide valve 11 is opened under dynamic action, puts the low-temperature material of said intermediate bin 13 into pyrolysis furnace and carries out the cracking processing; And close slide valve 11 rapidly No. 1, this moment, said cracking storehouse 26 remaining pernicious gases were handled through outside negative pressure equipment clean by said intermediate bin gas outlet 28, and then opened said second slide valve 14; Put the said rubbish that feeds intake storehouse 16 into said intermediate bin 13, close slide valve once more No. 2, go round and begin again; Periodic duty reaches and knocks down the purpose that the material cracking is handled continuously.
The present invention can be widely used in garbage purification treatment facility field.

Claims (6)

1. rubbish continuous cracking stove; It is characterized in that: said rubbish continuous cracking stove comprises body of heater and is arranged on first slide valve (11), second slide valve (14) on the said body of heater; Said first slide valve (11) and said second slide valve (14) are divided into cracking storehouse (26), intermediate bin (13), the storehouse that feeds intake (16) with said body of heater; Be positioned at the sidewall of locating in said cracking storehouse (26) on the said body of heater and comprise inner bag (8), outer courage (10); Be provided with heat-insulation layer (9) between said inner bag (8) and the said outer courage (10); Be provided with heater (24) in the said heat-insulation layer (9); Bottom, said cracking storehouse (26) is provided with residue outlet (23), and the top in said cracking storehouse (26) also is positioned at said side wall of furnace and is provided with gas outlet, cracking storehouse (27), the top of said intermediate bin (13) and be positioned at said side wall of furnace and be provided with intermediate bin gas outlet (28).
2. a kind of rubbish continuous cracking stove according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: said rubbish continuous cracking stove also comprises motor (1), speed changer (2), agitator (5); It is outside that said motor (1), said speed changer (2) are arranged on said body of heater, and said agitator (5) is arranged in the said cracking storehouse (26) and with said speed changer (2) and is in transmission connection.
3. a kind of waste cracking furnace according to claim 2; It is characterized in that: said body of heater below also is provided with pulverizer (21); Said residue outlet (23) is communicated with said pulverizer (21), and said speed changer (2) also is connected with tooth sector (22), and the input gear of said pulverizer (21) is meshed with said tooth sector (22); Said pulverizer (21) one ends are carbon ash slag notch (19), and said carbon ash slag notch (19) locates to be provided with slide valve (20).
4. a kind of waste cracking furnace according to claim 3; It is characterized in that: rubbish baffle plate (4) also is installed in the said cracking storehouse (26); Said rubbish baffle plate (4) below is provided with solid slag passage (3); Said solid slag passage (3) lower end passes said body of heater diapire, and said residue outlet (23) is communicated with said solid slag passage (3).
5. a kind of waste cracking furnace according to claim 3 is characterized in that: the sidewall that said body of heater is positioned at said cracking storehouse (26) is provided with window (25).
6. a kind of waste cracking furnace according to claim 3 is characterized in that: the sidewall that said body of heater is positioned at said cracking storehouse (26) is provided with hygrosensor (6).
CN201210094866.4A 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 Garbage continuous cracking furnace CN102641881B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201210094866.4A CN102641881B (en) 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 Garbage continuous cracking furnace

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201210094866.4A CN102641881B (en) 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 Garbage continuous cracking furnace

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN102641881A true CN102641881A (en) 2012-08-22
CN102641881B CN102641881B (en) 2014-07-09

Family

ID=46655103

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201210094866.4A CN102641881B (en) 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 Garbage continuous cracking furnace

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN102641881B (en)

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2005114197A (en) * 2003-10-03 2005-04-28 Nippon Steel Corp Waste gasification melting treatment method
CN2918425Y (en) * 2006-01-26 2007-07-04 张兴权 Pyrogenation retort
CN101811129A (en) * 2009-12-11 2010-08-25 深圳市兖能投资管理有限公司 Vertical continuous microwave heating low-temperature cracking furnace for garbage
CN201964423U (en) * 2010-12-01 2011-09-07 福建省丰泉环保控股有限公司 Pyrolysis and pyrolysis gas secondary combustion integral burning equipment
CN102277197A (en) * 2011-06-14 2011-12-14 福州市英袖能源科技有限公司 Cracking furnace system of biomass garbage
CN202655319U (en) * 2012-04-01 2013-01-09 胡昀 Garbage continuous splitting-decomposition furnace

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2005114197A (en) * 2003-10-03 2005-04-28 Nippon Steel Corp Waste gasification melting treatment method
CN2918425Y (en) * 2006-01-26 2007-07-04 张兴权 Pyrogenation retort
CN101811129A (en) * 2009-12-11 2010-08-25 深圳市兖能投资管理有限公司 Vertical continuous microwave heating low-temperature cracking furnace for garbage
CN201964423U (en) * 2010-12-01 2011-09-07 福建省丰泉环保控股有限公司 Pyrolysis and pyrolysis gas secondary combustion integral burning equipment
CN102277197A (en) * 2011-06-14 2011-12-14 福州市英袖能源科技有限公司 Cracking furnace system of biomass garbage
CN202655319U (en) * 2012-04-01 2013-01-09 胡昀 Garbage continuous splitting-decomposition furnace

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN102641881B (en) 2014-07-09

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US8328993B2 (en) Pyrolysis reactor for processing municipal wastes
CN204107965U (en) A kind of town and country solid waste cooperative disposal and resource utilization system
CN202283543U (en) Innocent and recycling treatment system for municipal domestic garbage
CN102433160B (en) Control method for biomass gasification equipment
US8419902B2 (en) Method and system for wasteless processing and complete utilization of municipal and domestic wastes
CN2636094Y (en) Refuse pyrolysis treatment device
CN201756534U (en) Fixed bed biomass gas industrial boiler system
CN102322642A (en) Sludge drying and incinerating system on basis of incineration of waste grate furnace and treatment method thereof
CN103058719A (en) Fast aerobic fermentation device for domestic waste and/or kitchen waste
WO2010039165A1 (en) Method, system, and reactor for processing and utilization of municipal and domestic wastes
CN204074684U (en) A kind of rubbish from cooking Intelligent processing system
CN101972769B (en) Medical rubbish harmless resource comprehensive utilization system
US10435638B2 (en) Pyrolysis processing of solid waste from a water treatment plant
CN104028547B (en) Municipal solid waste extreme decrement and highly resourceful treatment process and municipal solid waste extreme decrement and highly resourceful treatment device
CN202279806U (en) Biomass carbonizing cracking gas purifier
CN107234122A (en) A kind of resource recycling of house refuse manufacture haydite utilizes production technology
CN102319720B (en) Comprehensive treatment system of municipal domestic garbage
CN203265240U (en) Device for preparing fuel gas by utilizing domestic garbage and generating power by utilizing fuel gas
CN107572701A (en) Environment-friendly type sanitary wastewater waste treatment equipment
CN103028595A (en) Energy utilization method for household garbage
CN2765690Y (en) Garbage comprehensive treatment device
CN104588391A (en) Portable kitchen waste treatment system
CN104973597A (en) Production method of active carbon
CN203319926U (en) Rotary reaction kettle for pyrolyzing coal or organic waste in garbage
CN102311743A (en) Microwave pyrolysis based biomass recycling and integrated treatment method and equipment

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20140709

Termination date: 20180401