CN205119075U - Garbage pyrolytic gasification incineration disposal device - Google Patents

Garbage pyrolytic gasification incineration disposal device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205119075U
CN205119075U CN201520755276.0U CN201520755276U CN205119075U CN 205119075 U CN205119075 U CN 205119075U CN 201520755276 U CN201520755276 U CN 201520755276U CN 205119075 U CN205119075 U CN 205119075U
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China
Prior art keywords
gasification
refuse
radiant tube
garbage
gas
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CN201520755276.0U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
娄世松
邸建军
侯军元
王影辉
安利敏
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碧海舟(北京)节能环保装备有限公司
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Priority to CN201520755276.0U priority Critical patent/CN205119075U/en
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a garbage pyrolytic gasification incineration disposal device, the device include that waste gasification stove, rubbish charge -in system, heating burn burning furnace, rubbish drying system, slag ash cooling trough, the system of unloading, heating and burn burning furnace combustor, chimney, air compressor machine, radiant tube combustor, radiant tube, residue and turn over board and dust remover. The beneficial effect of the utility model as follows: continuous operation gasification refuse treatment device. Be particularly useful for refuse treatment on a small scale such as offshore oil platform, ocean -going ship, also can be used to interim activity site's refuse treatment.

Description

A kind of refuse pyrolysis gasification burning treating apparatus

Technical field

The utility model relates to refuse disposal installation, particularly a kind of mobile garbage pyrolyzing, gasifying and incinerating treating apparatus.

Background technology

How to process house refuse and become the current whole world all at one of great difficult problem being devoted to solve and capture.A lot of process house refuse is the burning based on house refuse at present, and this process is an oxidizing process, and no matter be aerobic or oxygen deprivation state, its burning process all can produce harmful " dioxin " material, seriously jeopardizes and destroy living environment and the health of the mankind.

For solving this problem, people also study for a long period of time.CN104178226A provides one way of life refuse pyrolysis comprehensive resource treatment system and method, and described system comprises pretreatment unit, heat accumulating type rotating bed pyrolysis oven, Oil-gas Separation purifier, fixed-bed gasification, pyrolysis gas storage device and device for recovering combustible gas; By house refuse raw material after sorting, fragmentation, oven dry, the pretreatment such as shaping, high-temperature oil gas and pyrolytic carbon is obtained in the pyrolysis of heat accumulating type rotating bed pyrolysis oven, gasification combustible gas is generated, in order to the fuel as heat storage type gas radiation pipe burner after pyrolytic carbon gasification.This technical operation cost is low, good in economic efficiency, the low-calorie gasification combustible gas of described generation is passed into heat accumulation type radiant tube combustion, solves the problem of gasification and pyrolysis rubbish charcoal deficiency in economic performance and the industrialization promotion of domestic garbage pyrolysis resource.But device complexity is huge, is unsuitable for small-sized movable.

CN103756697A discloses processing method and the treatment system thereof of a kind of rubbish and mud, and the processing method of described rubbish and mud comprises the following steps: S1, crude waste is carried out pretreatment obtain pending rubbish; S2, sludge dewatering to be dried; S3, the mud in pending rubbish and step S2 mixed and carries out extruding and processing and forming process; S4, by the rubbish after processing and the mixture destructive distillation of mud to generate oil gas product and solid product; S5, oil gas product collected and isolates carbonization gas, tar and sewage, sorting being carried out to solid product and obtains semicoke and residue; S6, will the carbonization gas of generation purify after be stored in air accumulator; And S7, subsequent treatment is carried out to sewage, tar and semicoke and recycles.According to the processing method of rubbish of the present invention and mud, improve process efficiency, the concentration of energy achieving two spike-type cultivars is recycled, and reduces cost, decreases rubbish and Treatment of Sludge to the pollution of environment.

CN201320573465 discloses a kind of refuse disposal system, comprising: pre-processing device, pyrolysis installation, purifier and air accumulator, and pre-processing device carries out pretreatment to form pyrolysis feed to rubbish.Pyrolysis installation is connected to receive pyrolysis feed and pyrolysis feed is resolved into pyrolysis gas and garbage carbon with pre-processing device.Purifier is connected to receive pyrolysis gas and carries out cooling and purifying to pyrolysis gas with pyrolysis installation.Air accumulator is connected with purifier to receive the pyrolysis gas through purifying, and air accumulator is connected to provide source of the gas to pyrolysis installation with pyrolysis installation.According to the refuse disposal system of this invention, by garbage decomposition is become pyrolysis gas and garbage carbon, and by adopting the pyrolysis gas of rubbish as fuel gas, not only can improve the utilization rate of thermal decomposition product, and avoid the problem that pyrolysis oil process and operation thereof bring, reduce the operating cost of refuse disposal system, energy consumption is low simultaneously, and resource level is high.

CN203498321U discloses packaged type biomass garbage gasification furnace, comprises body of heater, and is installed on the grate in this body of heater; Porch, described body of heater upper end is connected with feed mechanism, the upper end of described body of heater is provided with hothouse, described hothouse lower end is provided with the dry hermatic door of the downward folding possessing certain heat conductivility, reduction room is provided with below described dry hermatic door, the lower end of described reduction room is provided with reduction hermatic door, the below of described reduction hermatic door is provided with combustion chamber, and lower end, described combustion chamber is provided with burning isolation strip, is provided with carbonization chamber below described burning isolation strip.The present invention is rational in infrastructure, low cost of manufacture; Good energy-conserving effect, carbonization temperature is high, and harmful substance clearance is high, and charred effect is good; By three hermatic door chargings, without discharge, environment protecting is good.The present invention relates to a kind of screw slag tap Domestic garbage gasification furnace, is a kind of special facilities processing house refuse.

CN203653499U have employed brand-new design concept, by body of heater, body of heater shell, water jacket shell, upper pin ring flange, leftover bits and pieces ring flange, water-level gauge, steam pipe, safety valve, upper cover, filling pipe interface, blow-off pipe, support, fire grate, spiral tapping machine, slag notch, shaft coupling, reductor, feeding mouth, feed chute, piston material pushing device, hydraulic press connecting rod, hydraulic press, built-in cloth rubbing board, distributing device support of bearing assembly, distributing device, distributing device travelling gear, speed reducer drive gear A, speed reducer drive gear B, reductor, gas vent, ventilation duct, air blast, cavity, it is characterized in that, body of heater is that skeleton forms stove intracorporeal space by barreled metal shell, body of heater shell top is by upper cover, bottom is made up of spiral tapping machine, form a closed stove intracorporeal space.Under hermetic situation, gasification is carried out to house refuse and disposes, effectively cut off the Production conditions of dioxin-like chemical, reach the object that consumer waste innocent is disposed.This stove and accessory have manufacture easy to use, automaticity is high, the feature of continuous operation.

The two medium Domestic garbage gasification furnace of CN104119959A backfire formula, comprises body of heater, body of heater has bell, air intake, steam inlet, electric ignition device, jacket water (J.W.) entrance, ash hole, combustible gas exports, jacket water (J.W.) exports, heat-insulation layer, and furnace interior respectively is drying layer from top to bottom, pyrolytic layer, oxide layer, reducing zone, ash room is a kind of Novel household garbage treatment facility, achieves the requirement of innoxious, minimizing, resource.

CN202881202U discloses the living beings added garbage gasification furnace of band plasma torch heats system, this gasification furnace comprises: gasification body of heater (1), as the refractory masses (2) of gasification furnace lining, be arranged on the charging aperture (3) at gasification body of heater top, be arranged on the furnace gas export (4) of gasification body of heater upper side, be arranged on the oxidant gas import (5) of gasification body of heater lower side, be arranged on the plasma torch (6) of gasification body of heater lower side, and be arranged on the slag outlet (7) of gasification body of heater bottom sides.The novel uniqueness of biomass garbage gasification furnace provided by the invention, scientific and reasonable for structure, expansion and the mode that can realize renewable resource raw material and purposes are innovated, and the construction of suiting measures to local conditions of better biological support matter generating and living beings chemical project, promotes the development of green energy resource; The furnace gas that living beings added garbage gasification furnace is discharged can Collection utilization, as the combustion gas of certain calorific value or the unstripped gas of production of chemicals.

CN202193767U relates to field of garbage disposal, particularly relate to the treatment facility of one way of life rubbish, goal of the invention of the present invention be find a kind of efficiency high, drop into low, energy-conserving and environment-protective, the renewable life refuse processing method recycled, in order to realize foregoing invention object, the invention provides one way of life refuse gasification boiler, be provided with the drop-bottom of a band through hole in described gasification furnace, gasification furnace is divided into upper and lower two parts by described drop-bottom, top is vaporizer, and bottom is motor room; Gasification zone, high-temperature region is divided into again from top to bottom in described vaporizer; The furnace wall on top, described gasification zone is communicated with respectively with loader and gas pipeline; Be provided with blanking device in a row between described cracking zone and high-temperature region, be provided with in described high-temperature region and stir device; The described device that stirs equidistantly is fixed on hollow rotating shaft; Also include discharger, described discharger is connected with gasification furnace by drop-bottom through hole.

CN201795493U belongs to technical field of waste incineration, is specifically related to a kind of refuse gasification boiler.This refuse gasification boiler comprises the housing of tubular, the upside of housing is arranged with material input port and exhanst gas outlet, the downside of housing is provided with slag-drip opening, the middle and lower part of housing is filled with fluidisation sand, diffuser penetrates the inner side of housing and is embedded in fluidisation sand from the outside of housing, the inlet end that diffuser is positioned at hull outside is connected with hot-blast stove, and the pipe shaft that diffuser is positioned at case inside is provided with air dispelling hole, and hot-blast stove coordinates with diffuser and makes fluidisation sand be in static sedimentation state or fluidized state of seething with excitement.The present invention relatively easily can carry out rubbish pretreatment, burn and the rubbish that gasifies, prevent the stench of rubbish to spread, decrease deslagging, the workload of mucking haulage after burning gasification rubbish, also provide flammable source of the gas for other incinerators or cement kiln, be conducive to the subsequent treatment of waste incineration.

Utility model content

In order to solve deficiency of the prior art, the utility model proposes a kind of refuse pyrolysis gasification burning treating apparatus.The technical scheme adopted is as follows:

A kind of refuse pyrolysis gasification burning treating apparatus, this device comprises refuse gasification boiler, garbage feeding system, adds thermal incinerator, drying garbage system, slag ash bosh, discharge system, add thermal incinerator burner, chimney, air compressor machine, radiant tube burner, radiant tube, residue turnover panel and deduster.Garbage feeding system is connected with refuse gasification boiler, refuse gasification boiler is built in and adds in thermal incinerator, radiant tube is provided with in refuse gasification boiler, burner is provided with in radiant tube, add thermal incinerator and be also provided with multiple burner, the outlet of heating incinerator smoke and radiant tube exhanst gas outlet are connected with drying garbage system, and are connected with chimney with deduster; Air compressor machine is connected with radiant tube burner, and the gas after refuse gasification is connected with gas burning system.First gasifying and burn again, because avoiding the incineration temperature producing dioxin, avoiding producing dioxin.

Further, heat bottom incinerator and be provided with slag ash bosh, discharge system and add thermal incinerator burner.

Further, refuse gasification furnace bottom is also provided with residue turnover panel.

The beneficial effects of the utility model are as follows:

Solve the device of domestic garbage gasification process; Solve the low energy consumption treatment technology of house refuse; Solve the secondary pollution technique of domestic garbage treating system; The judicial convenience of domestic rubbish disposal controls; Processing procedure innoxious, continued operation, can realize garbage disposal low cost and drop into and judicial convenience operation, also can realize portable process.Be particularly useful for the garbage disposal on a small scale such as offshore platform, ocean-going ship, also can be used for the garbage disposal at template activity scene.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is structure chart of the present utility model;

Reference numeral:

1-refuse gasification boiler, 2-garbage feeding system, 3-add thermal incinerator, 4-drying garbage system, 5-slag ash bosh, 6-discharge system, 7-add thermal incinerator burner, 8-chimney, 9-air compressor machine, 10-radiant tube burner, 11-radiant tube, 12-residue turnover panel, 13-deduster

2-

Detailed description of the invention

In order to make the purpose of this utility model, technical scheme and advantage clearly understand, below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the present invention is further elaborated.

Embodiment one

Shown in Figure 1, a kind of refuse pyrolysis gasification burning treating apparatus, this device comprises refuse gasification boiler 1, garbage feeding system 2, adds thermal incinerator 3, drying garbage system 4, slag ash bosh 5, discharge system 6, add thermal incinerator burner 7, chimney 8, air compressor machine 9, radiant tube burner 10, radiant tube 11, residue turnover panel 12 and deduster 13.Garbage feeding system 2 is connected with refuse gasification boiler 1, refuse gasification boiler 1 is built in and adds in thermal incinerator 3, radiant tube 11 is provided with in refuse gasification boiler 1, burner 10 is provided with in radiant tube 11, add thermal incinerator 3 and be also provided with multiple burner, add thermal incinerator 3 exhanst gas outlet and radiant tube 11 exhanst gas outlet is connected with drying garbage system 4, and be connected with chimney 8 with deduster 13; Air compressor machine 9 is connected with radiant tube burner 10, and the gas after refuse gasification is connected with gas burning system.

Add and to be provided with slag ash bosh 5, discharge system 6 bottom thermal incinerator 3 and to add thermal incinerator burner 7.

Residue turnover panel 12 is also provided with bottom refuse gasification boiler 1.

Dried rubbish loads refuse gasification boiler, gas after gasification enters gas burning system for heating, residue after gasification falls into through turnover panel and adds thermal incinerator burning, and the lime-ash after burning enters bosh, and the gas that drying system is discharged directly enters stove and burns through smoke stack emission.

Its specific works step is: the rubbish of drying adds system by rubbish and adds gasification furnace, and gasify in gasification furnace, become fuel gas, fuel gas enters gas burning system, and the part as fuel is used for burner; Part carbonization, fall into through turnover panel after carbonization and add thermal incinerator and to ignite lower burning at burner, discharge system leaks into water-cooling groove.There is radiant tube in gasification furnace, outside has heating furnace to provide gasification thermal source, add thermal incinerator and radiant tube flue gas at drying garbage system garbage drying, the gas of drying garbage system directly enters and adds thermal incinerator, dried rubbish is used for gasification through garbage feeding system, the cooled flue gas of drying device removes chimney through deduster, whole treatment system is all run more than 700 DEG C, avoids the temperature range producing dioxin.

The above is only the preferred embodiment of the present invention; it should be pointed out that for those skilled in the art, under the premise without departing from the principles of the invention; can also make some improvements and modifications, these improvements and modifications also should be considered as protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (3)

1. a refuse pyrolysis gasification burning treating apparatus, this device comprises refuse gasification boiler (1), garbage feeding system (2), add thermal incinerator (3), drying garbage system (4), slag ash bosh (5), discharge system (6), add thermal incinerator burner (7), chimney (8), air compressor machine (9), radiant tube burner (10), radiant tube (11), residue turnover panel (12) and deduster (13), it is characterized in that: garbage feeding system (2) is connected with refuse gasification boiler (1), refuse gasification boiler (1) is built in and adds in thermal incinerator (3), radiant tube (11) is provided with in refuse gasification boiler (1), burner (10) is provided with in radiant tube (11), add thermal incinerator (3) and be also provided with multiple burner, add thermal incinerator (3) exhanst gas outlet and radiant tube (11) exhanst gas outlet is connected with drying garbage system (4), and be connected with chimney (8) with deduster (13), air compressor machine (9) is connected with radiant tube burner (10), and the gas after refuse gasification is connected with gas burning system.
2. a kind of refuse pyrolysis gasification burning treating apparatus according to claim 1, is characterized in that: add thermal incinerator (3) bottom and be provided with slag ash bosh (5), discharge system (6) and add thermal incinerator burner (7).
3. a kind of refuse pyrolysis gasification burning treating apparatus according to claim 1, is characterized in that: refuse gasification boiler (1) bottom is also provided with residue turnover panel (12).
CN201520755276.0U 2015-09-25 2015-09-25 Garbage pyrolytic gasification incineration disposal device CN205119075U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105202545A (en) * 2015-09-25 2015-12-30 碧海舟(北京)节能环保装备有限公司 Garbage pyrolysis gasification incineration treatment device
CN106524174A (en) * 2016-12-23 2017-03-22 杨虎 Stir-fry drying type small living garbage incinerator
CN109668151A (en) * 2018-12-21 2019-04-23 虞刚 A kind of refuse pyrolysis gasification burning processing unit

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105202545A (en) * 2015-09-25 2015-12-30 碧海舟(北京)节能环保装备有限公司 Garbage pyrolysis gasification incineration treatment device
CN106524174A (en) * 2016-12-23 2017-03-22 杨虎 Stir-fry drying type small living garbage incinerator
CN109668151A (en) * 2018-12-21 2019-04-23 虞刚 A kind of refuse pyrolysis gasification burning processing unit

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