CN103939947A - Biomass furnace - Google Patents

Biomass furnace Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103939947A
CN103939947A CN201410118519.XA CN201410118519A CN103939947A CN 103939947 A CN103939947 A CN 103939947A CN 201410118519 A CN201410118519 A CN 201410118519A CN 103939947 A CN103939947 A CN 103939947A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
furnace
combustion chamber
burner hearth
sidewall
circulating water
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
CN201410118519.XA
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李俊伟
安跃锋
叶锐
赵项林
李辽宁
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Luoyang Yuxin Engineering Technology Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Luoyang Yuxin Engineering Technology Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Luoyang Yuxin Engineering Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Luoyang Yuxin Engineering Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN201410118519.XA priority Critical patent/CN103939947A/en
Publication of CN103939947A publication Critical patent/CN103939947A/en
Withdrawn legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B40/00Technologies aiming at improving the efficiency of home appliances, e.g. induction cooking or efficient technologies for refrigerators, freezers or dish washers

Abstract

The invention discloses a biomass furnace which comprises a furnace panel, a furnace body and a hearth arranged inside the furnace body, wherein the upper end of the furnace body is covered with the furnace panel, a combustion chamber is arranged at the bottom end of the hearth, a fire grate is arranged on the bottom of the combustion chamber, an ash bucket is arranged below the fire grate, a circulating water pipe and an air inlet pipe are arranged on the outer wall of the hearth and are wound around the outer wall of the hearth in the circumferential direction in parallel in a spiral mode, the two ends of the circulating water pipe and the two ends of the air inlet pipe are arranged at the upper end and the lower end of the lateral wall of the furnace body respectively, multiple small ventilation holes are evenly formed in the lateral wall of the air inlet pipe in the circumferential direction, through holes are formed in positions, corresponding to the small ventilation holes, of the lateral wall of the hearth, the number of the through holes is equal to the number of the small ventilation holes, and a stirring device used for stirring fuel is arranged inside the combustion chamber. By the adoption of the biomass furnace, fuel can be burnt completely and heat generated during burning can be utilized.

Description

A kind of biomass furnace
Technical field
The invention belongs to stove and accessory technical field, relate in particular to a kind of biomass furnace.
Background technology
Biomass furnace is a kind of Domestic cooking or the heating system developing rapidly in recent years, it has changed the heating mode of traditional stove and accessory taking coal as fuel, make fuel with all flammable biologies such as stalk, straw, in stove, existing naked light burning also has gasification composition, have and there is no tar, not over-emitting black exhaust, thermal efficiency advantages of higher is applicable to rural households and uses very much.But, in long-term use, find, existing biomass furnace also comes with some shortcomings: 1, fuel is in the process of burning, and the part of fuel and the air contact area that are deposited in fuel inside are very little, can not fully burn, therefore will produce a large amount of imflammable gas and dustless carbon black; 2, after fuel combustion, in flue gas, still mix some dustless carbon black or other particulate material are discharged into indoor or outdoors, environment has been caused to pollution; 3, fuel is in combustion process, and a large amount of heat energy of generation have a big chunk not utilized well.
Summary of the invention
In order to solve existing problem in existing biomass furnace, the object of this invention is to provide a kind of biomass furnace, can in burning process, fuel be burned completely by agitating device is set, and the heat producing in burning process is used.
In order to realize foregoing invention object, the present invention adopts technical scheme as described below:
A kind of biomass furnace, comprises furnace panel, body of heater and is arranged on the burner hearth of body of heater inside, furnace panel lid is located at the upper end of body of heater, and the bottom of burner hearth is provided with combustion chamber, and the bottom of combustion chamber is provided with fire grate, and the below of fire grate is provided with ash bucket; On the outer wall of burner hearth, be provided with circulating water pipe and blast pipe, the along the circumferential direction parallel spiral winding of circulating water pipe and blast pipe is on the outer wall of burner hearth, the two-port of circulating water pipe and blast pipe is arranged on the top and bottom of sidewall of the furnace body respectively, on the sidewall of described blast pipe, offer some airing holes along its circumferencial direction is uniform, on the sidewall of burner hearth, offer through hole with described airing hole corresponding section, described through hole is identical with the quantity of airing hole; In described combustion chamber, be provided with the agitating device for stirring fuel.
Further, described agitating device comprises motor and stirring rod, and motor is installed on ash bucket, and stirring rod one end is connected with the output shaft of motor by shaft coupling, and the other end extend in combustion chamber through fire grate.
Further, the other end of described stirring rod is provided with some driving levers, on driving lever, is provided with and splashes.
Further, described some driving levers are along the circumferential direction on the uniform sidewall that is installed in the stirring rod other end.
Further, on the sidewall of described combustion chamber, be provided with the air intake passage communicating with the external world.
Owing to adopting technique scheme, the present invention has following superiority:
1, by circulating water pipe is set on burner hearth, this biomass furnace in use, passes into cooling water in circulating water pipe, the heat that can make fuel produce afterwards in burning heats cooling water, and body of heater has been played to protective effect, in addition, effectively utilize the energy, avoided waste;
2, by the blast pipe that communicates with burner hearth is set on burner hearth, can in burner hearth, carry out twice aeration, can make not clean-burning carbon black and imflammable gas in combustion chamber in burner hearth, carry out second-time burning, make fuel combustion thorough;
3, agitating device is set in combustion chamber, can stirs fuel, make fuel inner and outer portions can fully contact combustion-supporting gas, and then make fuel combustion complete.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present invention;
In figure: 1-furnace panel; 2-discharge flue; 3-burner hearth; 4-body of heater; 5-circulating water pipe; 6-blast pipe; 7-combustion chamber; 8-air intake passage; 9-fire grate; 10-ash bucket; 11-motor; 12-stirring rod; 13-driving lever; 14-airing hole; 15-charging aperture.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the present invention will be further described in detail.
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of biomass furnace, comprises furnace panel 1, body of heater 4 and is arranged on the burner hearth 3 of body of heater inside, furnace panel 1 lid is located at the upper end of body of heater, the bottom of burner hearth 3 is provided with combustion chamber 7, and the bottom of combustion chamber 7 is provided with fire grate 9, and the below of fire grate 9 is provided with ash bucket 10; On the outer wall of burner hearth 3, be provided with circulating water pipe 5 and blast pipe 6, the along the circumferential direction parallel spiral winding of circulating water pipe 5 and blast pipe 6 is on the outer wall of burner hearth 3, the two-port of circulating water pipe 5 and blast pipe 6 is arranged on the top and bottom of sidewall of the furnace body respectively, on the sidewall of described blast pipe 6, offer some airing holes 14 along its circumferencial direction is uniform, on the sidewall of burner hearth 3, offer through hole with described airing hole corresponding section, described through hole is identical with the quantity of airing hole; In described combustion chamber 7, be provided with the agitating device for stirring fuel, agitating device comprises motor 11 and stirring rod 12, motor 11 is installed on ash bucket, stirring rod 12 one end are connected with the output shaft of motor by shaft coupling, the other end extend in combustion chamber 7 through fire grate 9, the other end of described stirring rod 12 is provided with some driving levers, and driving lever along the circumferential direction on the uniform sidewall that is installed in the stirring rod other end, is provided with and splashes on driving lever.
On the sidewall of described combustion chamber 7, be provided with the air intake passage communicating with the external world, for combustion-supporting gas not, accelerate the burning of fuel.
Described burner hearth 3 sidewall place near to the upper end are provided with discharge flue 2, in discharge flue 2, are provided with filter screen, for stopping the particle of burning or entering in external environment for the fuel particle completely that burns.
The present invention, by agitating device is set in combustion chamber, can stir fuel, makes fuel inner and outer portions can fully contact combustion-supporting gas, and then makes fuel combustion complete.

Claims (5)

1. a biomass furnace, comprises furnace panel, body of heater and is arranged on the burner hearth of body of heater inside, furnace panel lid is located at the upper end of body of heater, and the bottom of burner hearth is provided with combustion chamber, and the bottom of combustion chamber is provided with fire grate, and the below of fire grate is provided with ash bucket; It is characterized in that: on the outer wall of burner hearth, be provided with circulating water pipe and blast pipe, the along the circumferential direction parallel spiral winding of circulating water pipe and blast pipe is on the outer wall of burner hearth, the two-port of circulating water pipe and blast pipe is arranged on the top and bottom of sidewall of the furnace body respectively, on the sidewall of described blast pipe, offer some airing holes along its circumferencial direction is uniform, on the sidewall of burner hearth, offer through hole with described airing hole corresponding section, described through hole is identical with the quantity of airing hole; In described combustion chamber, be provided with the agitating device for stirring fuel.
2. biomass furnace according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described agitating device comprises motor and stirring rod, and motor is installed on ash bucket, and stirring rod one end is connected with the output shaft of motor by shaft coupling, and the other end extend in combustion chamber through fire grate.
3. biomass furnace according to claim 2, is characterized in that: the other end of described stirring rod is provided with some driving levers, on driving lever, is provided with and splashes.
4. biomass furnace according to claim 3, is characterized in that: described some driving levers are along the circumferential direction on the uniform sidewall that is installed in the stirring rod other end.
5. biomass furnace according to claim 1, is characterized in that: on the sidewall of described combustion chamber, be provided with the air intake passage communicating with the external world.
CN201410118519.XA 2014-03-27 2014-03-27 Biomass furnace Withdrawn CN103939947A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410118519.XA CN103939947A (en) 2014-03-27 2014-03-27 Biomass furnace

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410118519.XA CN103939947A (en) 2014-03-27 2014-03-27 Biomass furnace

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN103939947A true CN103939947A (en) 2014-07-23

Family

ID=51187728

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201410118519.XA Withdrawn CN103939947A (en) 2014-03-27 2014-03-27 Biomass furnace

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN103939947A (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104964271A (en) * 2015-06-30 2015-10-07 许成荫 Biomass burning device achieving even burning
CN108180460A (en) * 2017-12-21 2018-06-19 陈方羽 A kind of abundant combustion environmental-friendly energy-saving boiler

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104964271A (en) * 2015-06-30 2015-10-07 许成荫 Biomass burning device achieving even burning
CN108180460A (en) * 2017-12-21 2018-06-19 陈方羽 A kind of abundant combustion environmental-friendly energy-saving boiler

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PB01 Publication
C04 Withdrawal of patent application after publication (patent law 2001)
WW01 Invention patent application withdrawn after publication

Application publication date: 20140723