CN201911283U - Intelligently-controlled dense type coal-fired baking house for drying tobaccos - Google Patents

Intelligently-controlled dense type coal-fired baking house for drying tobaccos Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201911283U
CN201911283U CN2011200002969U CN201120000296U CN201911283U CN 201911283 U CN201911283 U CN 201911283U CN 2011200002969 U CN2011200002969 U CN 2011200002969U CN 201120000296 U CN201120000296 U CN 201120000296U CN 201911283 U CN201911283 U CN 201911283U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
tobacco
flue
coal
chamber
baking
Prior art date
Application number
CN2011200002969U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
罗华元
孔宁川
马剑雄
王绍坤
常寿荣
杨应明
杨闽
沈冬明
李鹏飞
Original Assignee
红云红河烟草(集团)有限责任公司
云南瑞升烟草技术(集团)有限公司
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Priority to CN2011200002969U priority Critical patent/CN201911283U/en
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Publication of CN201911283U publication Critical patent/CN201911283U/en

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P70/00Climate change mitigation technologies in the production process for final industrial or consumer products
    • Y02P70/10Greenhouse gas [GHG] capture, material saving, heat recovery or other energy efficient measures, e.g. motor control, characterised by manufacturing processes, e.g. for rolling metal or metal working
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P70/00Climate change mitigation technologies in the production process for final industrial or consumer products
    • Y02P70/50Manufacturing or production processes characterised by the final manufactured product

Abstract

The utility model discloses an intelligently-controlled dense type coal-fired baking house for drying tobaccos, which comprises a heating room 18, a tobacco baking room 19, a residual heat recovering layer 20 and an automatic control instrument, wherein the tobacco baking room is connected with the heating room by an air inlet 12 and an air return port, and the position of the air return port is provided with an air return regulating plate 8; one end of the tobacco baking room is provided with a tobacco charging door 17, the residual heat recovering layer is arranged between the top 22 of the tobacco baking room and the top 10 of the baking house, a dehumidifying pipeline 15 is arranged in the residual heat recovering layer, and the top of the tobacco baking room is communicated with the dehumidifying pipeline by a dehumidifying port 14; an air inlet door 16 of cold air, which corresponds to the position of the residual heat recovering layer, is arranged above the tobacco charging door; and the lower part of the heating room is provided with a heating furnace 2, the top of the heating furnace is provided with a heat exchanger 1, the top of the heat exchanger is provided with an airflow flow controlling plate 7, the lower edge of the airflow flow controlling plate is connected with an airflow baffle plate 13, and the top of the heating room is provided with a circulating fan 4 and is also communicated with the residual heat recovering layer by a cold air inlet 9. The utility model has the advantages of simple structure and low construction cost, the operation is convenient, energy resources are saved, the excessive combustion of coal is overcome, the baking process is executed in an intellectualized accurate temperature-control humidity-control way, and the baking quality of tobacco leaves is enhanced.

Description

The coal-fired barn of Based Intelligent Control Tobacco drying concentrated type
Technical field
The utility model belongs to flue-cured tobacco modulating equipment technical field, is specifically related to a kind of Tobacco drying usefulness that is applicable to, the coal-fired barn of Based Intelligent Control Tobacco drying concentrated type that intelligent accurate temperature controlling control is wet.
Background technology
The coal-fired tobacco barn of prior art is more accurate mostly to the control of humidity, and because there is overshoot in coal burning, causes temperature control effect not good enough.In baking process and baking operation, no matter be barn group or single barn, a large amount of damp and hot steam that high temperature hot gas that the baking drying muscle stage forms and hydrofuge phase form all is the in line barn external world that goes out, heat energy is not used, and causes energy waste.At present, intensive barn curing has become the capital equipment of China's tobacco flue-curing, therefore, designs accurate temperature and humidity control, energy-saving bulk curing barn, for improving the bulk curing barn performance, improves the tobacco flue-curing automatic control level, and it is significant to improve baking quality of tobacco.For this reason, the design people through concentrating on studies, has developed the coal-fired barn of a kind of Based Intelligent Control Tobacco drying concentrated type at the deficiencies in the prior art, evidence, and effect is good.
The utility model content
It is a kind of simple in structure that the purpose of this utility model is to provide, and technological process is easy, the coal-fired barn of the accurate Based Intelligent Control Tobacco drying of temperature and humidity control concentrated type.
The purpose of this utility model is achieved in that and comprises heat supply chamber, flue-cured tobacco chamber, waste heat recovery floor and auto-controlling apparatus, and the flue-cured tobacco chamber connects the heat supply chamber by air inlet and return air inlet, and the return air inlet place is provided with the return air adjustable plate; Flue-cured tobacco chamber one end is provided with dress cigarette door, between top, flue-cured tobacco chamber and the barn top waste heat recovery floor is set, and the hydrofuge pipeline is set in the waste heat recovery layer, and top, flue-cured tobacco chamber is communicated with the hydrofuge pipeline by moisture exhausting port; Dress cigarette door top is provided with the cold wind shutter corresponding to waste heat recovery layer position; Bottom, heat supply chamber is provided with heating furnace, and the heating furnace top is provided with heat exchanger, and the heat exchanger top is provided with the program control making sheet of air flow stream, and the program control making sheet of air flow stream lower edge connects air baffle, and top, heat supply chamber is provided with circulating fan, and is communicated with the waste heat recovery layer by cold air inlet.
The utility model provides a kind of air-flow flow control device and waste-heat recovery device; by improving barn building structure; realize the accurate and heat energy recycle of temperature and humidity control; improve baking quality of tobacco; reduce energy resource consumption, reduce the baking cost, thereby stablize baking quality of tobacco; improve and plant the cigarette benefit, promote tobacco leaf large-scale production level.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 looks schematic diagram for the utility model overall structure master;
Fig. 2 is the utility model waste heat recovery layer internal structure schematic diagram.
Among the figure: 1-heat exchanger, 2-heating furnace, 3-heating furnace bearing, 4-circulating fan, 5-fire door, 6-ash pit door, the program control making sheet of 7-air flow stream; 8-return air adjustable plate, 9-cold air inlet, 10-barn top, 11-moisture outlet, 12-air inlet, 13-air baffle, the 14-moisture exhausting port, 15-hydrofuge pipeline, 16-cold wind shutter, 17-dress cigarette door, 18-heat supply chamber, 19-flue-cured tobacco chamber, 20-waste heat recovery layer, 21-shelves cigarette frame, top, 22-flue-cured tobacco chamber, 23-chimney.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing the utility model is further described, but never in any form the utility model is limited, any conversion based on the utility model training centre is done all falls into protection domain of the present utility model.
As shown in the figure, the utility model comprises heat supply chamber 18, flue-cured tobacco chamber 19, waste heat recovery floor 20 and auto-controlling apparatus, and flue-cured tobacco chamber 19 connects heat supply chamber 18 by air inlet 12 and return air inlet, and the return air inlet place is provided with return air adjustable plate 8; Flue-cured tobacco chamber 19 1 ends are provided with dress cigarette door 17, between top 22, flue-cured tobacco chamber and the barn top 10 waste heat recovery floor 20 are set, and hydrofuge pipeline 15 is set in the waste heat recovery layer 20, and 19 tops, flue-cured tobacco chamber are communicated with hydrofuge pipeline 15 by moisture exhausting port 14; Dress cigarette door 17 tops are provided with cold wind shutter 16 corresponding to waste heat recovery layer 20 position; 18 bottoms, heat supply chamber are provided with heating furnace 2, heating furnace 2 tops are provided with heat exchanger 1, and heat exchanger 1 top is provided with the program control making sheet 7 of air flow stream, and the program control making sheet of air flow stream 7 lower edges connect air baffle 13,18 tops, heat supply chamber are provided with circulating fan 4, and are communicated with waste heat recovery layer 20 by cold air inlet 9.
Described hydrofuge pipeline 15 is communicated with atmosphere by moisture outlet 11, realizes the purpose that the hydrofuge control is wet.
The program control making sheet 7 of described air flow stream, return air adjustable plate 8 and circulating fan 4 electrically connect with auto-controlling apparatus respectively, program control making sheet 7 suitable for reading the opening of control air flow stream with closed, thus regulate the amount of air-flow through heating equipment, or without heating equipment.
Good metal (as galvanized sheet) the hydrofuge pipeline 15 of thermal conductivity of parallel arranged is set, so that exchange heat and waste heat recovery in the described waste heat recovery layer 20.
A grade cigarette frame 2 is set in the described flue-cured tobacco chamber 19.
Described return air adjustable plate 8 is unidirectional opening structure.
The operation principle of the present utility model or the course of work:
During tobacco flue-curing, tobacco leaf hangs on the shelves cigarette frame of flue-cured tobacco chamber, and heating equipment adds hot-air, and circulating fan is twitched heated air and passed flue-cured tobacco chamber tobacco leaf floor, the heating tobacco leaf, and the evaporation moisture content in leaves promotes the tobacco leaf flavescence.Open the cold wind shutter and the external world simultaneously and carry out air exchange, discharge damp and hot steam, dry tobacco leaf.In hydrofuge, damp and hot steam is realized exchange heat by galvanized sheet hydrofuge pipeline and the outside air that enters the waste heat recovery layer, enters the flue-cured tobacco chamber after cold air is heated, and has realized heat recovery.In the time of needs constant temperature, program control making sheet 7 closures of auto-controlling apparatus control air flow stream, air-flow heats up without the heating equipment heat exchange, directly enters flue-cured tobacco chamber smoke stratification and realizes temperature control, be that the utility model has made up the inside and outside gas flow control system of circulation automatically, reached the wet purpose of accurate temperature controlling control.
Characteristics of the present utility model:
1, the waste heat recovery floor of unique design and flue-cured tobacco chamber, heat supply chamber make up the gas flow control system of circulation automatically, have both reached the wet purpose of accurate temperature controlling control, have realized the recycling of waste heat again, have saved the energy, have reduced discharging.
2, automatically the program control making sheet 7 of the air flow stream of control reduce that coal-fired furnaces " overshoot " bring to thermostatically controlled influence, help the regulation and control of temperature.
3, simple in structure, technological process is easy.Be particularly suitable for intellectualized reconstruction to existing coal-fired barn.

Claims (6)

1. the coal-fired barn of a Based Intelligent Control Tobacco drying concentrated type, comprise heat supply chamber (18), flue-cured tobacco chamber (19), waste heat recovery floor (20) and auto-controlling apparatus, it is characterized in that: described flue-cured tobacco chamber (19) connects heat supply chamber (18) by air inlet (12) and return air inlet, and the return air inlet place is provided with return air adjustable plate (8); Flue-cured tobacco chamber (19) one ends are provided with dress cigarette door (17), between top, flue-cured tobacco chamber (22) and the barn top (10) waste heat recovery floor (20) is set, hydrofuge pipeline (15) is set in the waste heat recovery layer (20), and top, flue-cured tobacco chamber (19) is communicated with hydrofuge pipeline (15) by moisture exhausting port (14); Dress cigarette door (17) top is provided with cold wind shutter (16) corresponding to waste heat recovery layer (20) position; Bottom, heat supply chamber (18) is provided with heating furnace (2), heating furnace (2) top is provided with heat exchanger (1), heat exchanger (1) top is provided with the program control making sheet of air flow stream (7), the program control making sheet of air flow stream (7) lower edge connects air baffle (13), top, heat supply chamber (18) is provided with circulating fan (4), and is communicated with waste heat recovery layer (20) by cold air inlet (9).
2. the coal-fired barn of Based Intelligent Control Tobacco drying concentrated type according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described hydrofuge pipeline (15) is communicated with atmosphere by moisture outlet (11).
3. the coal-fired barn of Based Intelligent Control Tobacco drying concentrated type according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the program control making sheet of described air flow stream (7), return air adjustable plate (8) and circulating fan (4) electrically connect with auto-controlling apparatus respectively.
4. the coal-fired barn of Based Intelligent Control Tobacco drying concentrated type according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the hydrofuge pipeline (15) that parallel arranged is set in the described waste heat recovery layer (20).
5. the coal-fired barn of Based Intelligent Control Tobacco drying concentrated type according to claim 1 is characterized in that: a grade cigarette frame (2) is set in the described flue-cured tobacco chamber (19).
6. the coal-fired barn of Based Intelligent Control Tobacco drying concentrated type according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described return air adjustable plate (8) is unidirectional opening structure.
CN2011200002969U 2011-01-04 2011-01-04 Intelligently-controlled dense type coal-fired baking house for drying tobaccos CN201911283U (en)

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CN2011200002969U CN201911283U (en) 2011-01-04 2011-01-04 Intelligently-controlled dense type coal-fired baking house for drying tobaccos

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011200002969U CN201911283U (en) 2011-01-04 2011-01-04 Intelligently-controlled dense type coal-fired baking house for drying tobaccos

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Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102283433A (en) * 2011-08-30 2011-12-21 云南大学 Saving-energy method and device for curing tobaccos by recycling humidity-discharging waste heat in curing barn
CN102589257A (en) * 2012-03-28 2012-07-18 江苏科地现代农业有限公司 Electric heating and drying equipment
CN102607243A (en) * 2012-01-13 2012-07-25 浏阳市远见机械设备销售有限公司 Fireworks and crackers material curing barn
CN103040085A (en) * 2012-12-27 2013-04-17 湖北省烟草科研所 Energy-saving baking room with dehumidifying and heat accumulating function
CN103040084A (en) * 2013-01-18 2013-04-17 湖北省烟草科研所 Efficient waste heat recovery energy-saving emission-reduction roasting room
CN103099298A (en) * 2013-03-04 2013-05-15 贵州省烟草公司黔南州公司 Tobacco leaf bulk curing barn smoke waste heat utilization device
CN103162522A (en) * 2013-03-14 2013-06-19 卢亚东 High purity graphite dryer
CN103222674A (en) * 2012-09-12 2013-07-31 遵义市烟草公司绥阳县分公司 Curing barn for utilizing solar energy and recycling curing and dehumidification gas waste heat in curing barn
CN103519337A (en) * 2013-10-25 2014-01-22 王清伟 High-density negative-pressure circulating-type stack-type curing barn system by utilizing tobacco leaves for metabolizing heat energy
CN103859567A (en) * 2014-04-03 2014-06-18 贵州大学 Tobacco curing method with heat used in grading-circulating mode and system structure
CN104964553A (en) * 2013-01-04 2015-10-07 李宏江 Third eco-friendly energy-saving dryer out of three food and drug eco-friendly energy-saving dryers
CN105444555A (en) * 2015-12-31 2016-03-30 温州星贝机械科技有限公司 Dryer
CN105865167A (en) * 2016-05-25 2016-08-17 福建省莆田市禾硕农业开发有限公司 Agricultural byproduct drying system and application thereof
CN106418639A (en) * 2016-09-30 2017-02-22 广东省烟草南雄科学研究所 Tobacco leaf curing device and method for both alcohol group and diesel fuel
CN106723263A (en) * 2015-11-24 2017-05-31 谢中 A kind of intensive flue-cured tobacco thermal cycle drying plant

Cited By (23)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102283433B (en) * 2011-08-30 2014-06-04 云南大学 Saving-energy method and device for curing tobaccos by recycling humidity-discharging waste heat in curing barn
CN102283433A (en) * 2011-08-30 2011-12-21 云南大学 Saving-energy method and device for curing tobaccos by recycling humidity-discharging waste heat in curing barn
CN102607243A (en) * 2012-01-13 2012-07-25 浏阳市远见机械设备销售有限公司 Fireworks and crackers material curing barn
CN102589257A (en) * 2012-03-28 2012-07-18 江苏科地现代农业有限公司 Electric heating and drying equipment
CN102589257B (en) * 2012-03-28 2014-07-16 江苏科地现代农业有限公司 Electric heating and drying equipment
CN103222674B (en) * 2012-09-12 2015-10-21 贵州省烟草公司遵义市公司绥阳县分公司 Solar energy and hothouse baking hydrofuge gas waste-heat recycling barn
CN103222674A (en) * 2012-09-12 2013-07-31 遵义市烟草公司绥阳县分公司 Curing barn for utilizing solar energy and recycling curing and dehumidification gas waste heat in curing barn
CN103040085A (en) * 2012-12-27 2013-04-17 湖北省烟草科研所 Energy-saving baking room with dehumidifying and heat accumulating function
CN103040085B (en) * 2012-12-27 2014-12-10 湖北省烟草科研所 Energy-saving baking room with dehumidifying and heat accumulating function
CN104964553A (en) * 2013-01-04 2015-10-07 李宏江 Third eco-friendly energy-saving dryer out of three food and drug eco-friendly energy-saving dryers
CN103040084A (en) * 2013-01-18 2013-04-17 湖北省烟草科研所 Efficient waste heat recovery energy-saving emission-reduction roasting room
CN103099298A (en) * 2013-03-04 2013-05-15 贵州省烟草公司黔南州公司 Tobacco leaf bulk curing barn smoke waste heat utilization device
CN103162522B (en) * 2013-03-14 2015-08-05 卢亚东 A kind of high purity graphite dryer
CN103162522A (en) * 2013-03-14 2013-06-19 卢亚东 High purity graphite dryer
CN103519337A (en) * 2013-10-25 2014-01-22 王清伟 High-density negative-pressure circulating-type stack-type curing barn system by utilizing tobacco leaves for metabolizing heat energy
CN103519337B (en) * 2013-10-25 2015-12-02 王清伟 A kind of high density negative-pressure cyclic formula accumulation type barn system utilizing tobacco leaf metabolism heat energy
CN103859567A (en) * 2014-04-03 2014-06-18 贵州大学 Tobacco curing method with heat used in grading-circulating mode and system structure
CN106723263A (en) * 2015-11-24 2017-05-31 谢中 A kind of intensive flue-cured tobacco thermal cycle drying plant
CN106723263B (en) * 2015-11-24 2018-07-20 谢一中 A kind of intensive flue-cured tobacco thermal cycle drying equipment
CN105444555A (en) * 2015-12-31 2016-03-30 温州星贝机械科技有限公司 Dryer
CN105444555B (en) * 2015-12-31 2018-02-16 温州星贝机械科技有限公司 A kind of dryer
CN105865167A (en) * 2016-05-25 2016-08-17 福建省莆田市禾硕农业开发有限公司 Agricultural byproduct drying system and application thereof
CN106418639A (en) * 2016-09-30 2017-02-22 广东省烟草南雄科学研究所 Tobacco leaf curing device and method for both alcohol group and diesel fuel

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Granted publication date: 20110803

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