CN201835411U - Building curtain wall heat insulation structure with air passage and phase change material - Google Patents

Building curtain wall heat insulation structure with air passage and phase change material Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201835411U
CN201835411U CN2010205804054U CN201020580405U CN201835411U CN 201835411 U CN201835411 U CN 201835411U CN 2010205804054 U CN2010205804054 U CN 2010205804054U CN 201020580405 U CN201020580405 U CN 201020580405U CN 201835411 U CN201835411 U CN 201835411U
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China
Prior art keywords
curtain wall
air
change material
building
heat insulation
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN2010205804054U
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Chinese (zh)
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李栋
吴国忠
齐晗兵
薛康
赵岩
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Northeast Petroleum University
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Northeast Petroleum University
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Abstract

A building curtain wall heat insulation structure with an air passage and phase change materials mainly solves the problem of high consumption and poor indoor ventilation effect of existing building curtain walls. The building curtain wall heat insulation structure is characterized in that a phase change material layer made of phase change materials and a face layer are sequentially arranged of the indoor side of an inner-layer glass curtain wall of the sunny side of a building, a shady air inlet is arranged at the lower end of the outer glass curtain wall of the shady side of the building, orifice staggered plates with anti-insect nets and filters and capable of being adjusted electrically are arranged on the air inlet and an air inlet, and the sunny air outlet is communicated with a shady hot air passage through a roof air discharging passage. By the aid of the air inlet, the air outlet and the air discharging passage which are arranged reasonably and the additional phase change material layer, the building curtain wall heat insulation structure with the air passage and phase change material can improve the overall indoor environment of the building to realize remarkable energy-saving and environment-friendly effect. Simultaneously, the building curtain wall heat insulation structure with the air passage and the phase change material has the advantages of simple structure, low operation energy consumption, convenience in maintenance, moisture condensation prevention and the like.

Description

A kind of building curtain wall heat insulation structural that has air duct and phase-change material
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of building curtain wall heat insulation structural that is applied in the field of house buildings, specifically, relates to a kind of Building Curtain Wall Structures that has air duct and phase-change material.
Background technology
Since the seventies in 20th century, curtain wall is along with the development of modern architecture is popularized in worldwide.Double-deck external respiration formula curtain wall is early than occurring in Europe the eighties in 20th century, because it has preferably functions such as insulation, heat insulation, sound insulation, simultaneously can create the architectural style that has sense of the times again, therefore be acknowledged as mode of construction, be widely used gradually with " ecological significance ".But along with the long-time application of this building curtain wall, there are the following problems to find it: at first being energy consumption, is indoor circulation of air problem secondly.The existence of above problem is restricting applying of building curtain wall.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem that proposes in order to solve in the background technology the utility model proposes a kind of building curtain wall heat insulation structural that has air duct and phase-change material.The building curtain wall of this kind heat insulation structural by be provided with reasonably, air outlet and extract duct, and increased phase-change material layers, can improve the whole indoor environment of building effectively, reach the considerable energy saving environment protecting.The utlity model has simple in structure, characteristics such as operation energy consumption is low, easy to maintenance, anti-condensation simultaneously.
The technical solution of the utility model is: this kind has the building curtain wall heat insulation structural of air duct and phase-change material, comprise the curtain wall metal framework, routine building curtain wall constructions such as glass outer curtain wall and inner layer glass curtain wall, wherein, the glass outer curtain wall is installed in curtain wall metal framework outside, the inner layer glass curtain wall is installed in curtain wall metal framework indoor, constitute the house sunny slope air passage of heat and in the shade the hot-air channel in house between glass outer curtain wall and the inner layer glass curtain wall, be the exhaust passage, roof between the top of the top of curtain wall metal framework and inner layer glass curtain wall chamber, on this basis, the technical program is made improvements and is: the indoor at the inner layer glass curtain wall of house sunny slope is furnished with a phase-change material layers and finish coat successively, described phase-change material layers is made by phase-change material, and described finish coat is made by aluminum alloy materials.
In addition, on the basis of such scheme, can also increase following content:
At first, can have sunny slope exhaust opening, sunny slope air inlet port at the upper and lower side of the glass outer curtain wall of house sunny slope, the lower end of in the shade glass outer curtain wall has in the shade air inlet port in the house, and above each inlet and outlet mouth install can electronic adjustment the band fly net and the wrong orifice plate of filter; The sunny slope exhaust opening is communicated with in the shade hot-air channel by the exhaust passage, roof.
Secondly, the glass outer curtain wall can be made of transparent individual layer tempered glass, and the inner layer glass curtain wall can be made of Low-E hollow tempered glass.
The utlity model has following beneficial effect:
At first, adopt the building curtain wall of this kind structure, utilize " stack effect " and the principle of " greenhouse effect " and the heat storage capacity of phase-change material, solve energy-conservation from the function of curtain wall, by reasonably advancing the setting of air outlet, extract duct and phase-change material layers, can improve the whole indoor environment of building effectively, reduce energy consumption for cooling summer, reduce heating energy consumption winter; Secondly, aspect environmental protection, the glass outer curtain wall in this scheme is selected colourless transparent glass or low reflection tempered glass for use, can reduce the harmful effect that glass-reflected is brought to greatest extent; Once more, between the double-decker that this scheme adopts the quite wide air passage of heat is arranged, and air is bigger to the damped coefficient of sound wave, therefore can provides good sound insulation and noise reduction effect, allow the people of interior works and life that a quiet environment is easily arranged.And the inner layer glass curtain wall can be provided with inboard openable windows, and the user can freely open as required, outdoor fresh air is introduced indoor, simultaneously that the indoor turbid air discharge of easily growing virus and spreading germs is outdoor; The lower end of in the shade glass outer curtain wall has in the shade air inlet port in the house, the sunny slope exhaust opening is communicated with in the shade the air passage of heat by the exhaust passage, roof, make in the shade room also can participate in thermal insulation and ventilation directly, adjusted the whole indoor environment of building construction effectively.
In use, this scheme adopts the Motorized blind blinds to place the sunny slope air passage of heat, can prevent effectively that Exposure to Sunlight from not influencing the facade effect again, also can according to user's needs regulate sun shades towards and angle, change the brightness and the incident angle of outdoor sunlight, build a comfortable soft indoor lighting environment; At the wrong orifice plate of each inlet and outlet mouth mounting strap fly net and filter, can the free adjustment rate of air circulation, and can be outside curtain wall with small insect such as mosquitos and flies and sand and dust particulate blockage, and allow clean, ozone enter the air passage of heat; Because the greenhouse effect of the air passage of heat, the temperature difference of the inside and outside both sides of inner layer glass curtain wall is diminished, and hull-skin temperature improves greatly, concerning outer curtain wall, because the air passage of heat communicates with outdoor gas, the inside and outside temperature difference of outer curtain wall is reduced, and on the other hand, wet gas is at any time by outside the ventilation passing away, so, glass outer curtain wall inner surface can dewfall yet, therefore has the function that well prevents dewfall, improves building and the life-span of decorating and the function of curtain wall greatly; The inner layer glass curtain wall is provided with retractable structure, can clean easily and safeguard, has reduced operating cost effectively.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a composition schematic diagram of the present utility model.
1-curtain wall metal framework among the figure, 2-glass outer curtain wall, the 3-sunny slope air passage of heat, the 4-sun-shading louver, 5-inner layer glass curtain wall, 6-phase-change material layers, 7-finish coat, the wrong orifice plate of 8-, 9-sunny slope air inlet port, in the shade air inlet port of 10-, 11-sunny slope exhaust opening, exhaust passage, 12-roof, in the shade hot-air channel of 13-.
The specific embodiment
The utility model is described in further detail below in conjunction with accompanying drawing:
Fig. 1 is a composition schematic diagram of the present utility model.As shown in the figure, this building curtain wall heat insulation structural that has air duct and phase-change material, comprise curtain wall metal framework 1, glass outer curtain wall 2 and inner layer glass curtain wall 5, glass outer curtain wall 2 is installed in curtain wall metal framework 1 outside, inner layer glass curtain wall 5 is installed in curtain wall metal framework 1 indoor, constituting the house sunny slope air passage of heat 3 and in the shade the hot-air channel 13 in house between glass outer curtain wall 2 and the inner layer glass curtain wall 5, is exhaust passage, roof 12 between the top of the top of curtain wall metal framework 1 and inner layer glass curtain wall 5.Wherein, indoor at the inner layer glass curtain wall 5 of house sunny slope is furnished with a phase-change material layers 6 and finish coat 7 successively, described phase-change material layers 6 is made of one or more phase-change materials by paraffin, polyethylene glycol, polyalcohol, hard fat acid, senior fat hydrocarbon, compound fragrant hydrocarbon, and described finish coat 7 can be made of polymeric material or aluminium alloys.
On the basis of aforementioned schemes, the scheme that can further be optimized, promptly the upper and lower side at the glass outer curtain wall 2 of house sunny slope has sunny slope exhaust opening 11, sunny slope air inlet port 9, the lower end of in the shade glass outer curtain wall has in the shade air inlet port 10 in the house, and above each inlet and outlet mouth install can electronic adjustment the band fly net and the wrong orifice plate 8 of filter; Sunny slope exhaust opening 11 is communicated with in the shade hot-air channel 13 by exhaust passage, roof 12.
The building curtain wall that utilizes such scheme to finish, in summer, open the wrong orifice plate of sunny slope air inlet port, sunny slope exhaust opening and in the shade air inlet port daytime, in the air passage of heat, form the difference in height in air port, so the generation stack effect produces zone of positive pressure at sunny slope air inlet port and in the shade air inlet port.Small insects such as natural wind passes through fly net, the filter of sunny slope and in the shade air inlet port, mosquitos and flies and sand and dust particle are blocked in outside the curtain wall, and clean, ozone enters the air passage of heat separately.Air in the sunny slope air passage of heat is subjected to the influence of sunlight direct projection and outside air temperature simultaneously, in the shade the interior air of the air passage of heat is subjected to the influence of outside air temperature, temperature all can raise, volume expansion, form ascending air, ascending air flows from bottom to top, because the sunny slope air passage of heat directly is communicated with the sunny slope exhaust opening that is arranged on sunny slope glass outer curtain wall top, in the shade the air passage of heat is communicated with the sunny slope exhaust opening by the exhaust passage, roof, therefore the hot air in them can be discharged to external environment by the sunny slope exhaust opening, and take away heat in the air passage of heat separately, this process is constantly carried out, promptly reduce the temperature on inner layer glass curtain wall surface effectively, improved the indoor environment of house integral body, reduced building refrigeration expense.Meanwhile, the phase-change material layers that is arranged on sunny slope inner layer glass curtain wall indoor is finished heat-accumulating process.In addition, the user is the inboard openable windows on the freely openable inner layer glass curtain wall as required, finishes indoor ventilation.In night, the user can select the switching of each inlet and outlet mouth according to the height of temperature.Still higher when outside air temperature, when needing to continue heat radiation, then keep each inlet and outlet mouth opening constant, the course of work of the present utility model is identical with daytime.When outside air temperature is lower, in the time of wouldn't needing to continue heat radiation, then can close all inlet and outlet mouths, this moment, the air passage of heat formed the space of a sealing, became the barrier of house with heat exchange with outside.Because the phase transition temperature of phase-change material is close with the human comfort temperature, when outside air temperature is lower than this temperature, phase-change material promptly takes place by liquid state to discharge considerable latent heat of phase change simultaneously to solid-state phase transformation, the air in the heating sunny slope air passage of heat, the air expanded by heating, enter in the shade the air passage of heat through the exhaust passage, roof,, thereby improve the surface temperature of whole indoor wall effectively in the shade air of heat transferred, improve whole indoor environment, reduce building energy consumption.Arrive when daytime, outside air temperature rises, and phase-change material takes place again to finish the savings process of latent heat of phase change by solid-state phase transformation to liquid state.In the winter time, close the wrong orifice plate that is installed in each inlet and outlet mouth, the temperature under the irradiation of sunlight of the air in the sunny slope air passage of heat raises, volume expansion, and enter in the shade the air passage of heat by the exhaust passage, roof, with in the shade of heat transferred house.At this moment, the whole air passage of heat forms a greenhouse, has improved the temperature on inner layer glass curtain wall surface effectively, has improved the indoor environment of house integral body, reduces the heating cost of building.
In addition, for reducing the harmful effect that glass-reflected is brought to greatest extent, can limit glass outer curtain wall 2 is made of transparent individual layer tempered glass, inner layer glass curtain wall 5 is made of Low-E hollow tempered glass, and selected these colourless transparent glass or low reflection tempered glass can effectively reduce light pollution.
The utility model can be widely used in decoration and the insulation of skin, can satisfy room ventilation ventilation and sound insulation and noise reduction requirement simultaneously. In addition, the utility model also has simple in structure, the characteristics such as operation energy consumption is low, easy to maintenance, Antidewing.

Claims (3)

1. building curtain wall heat insulation structural that has air duct and phase-change material, comprise curtain wall metal framework (1), glass outer curtain wall (2) and inner layer glass curtain wall (5), glass outer curtain wall (2) is installed in curtain wall metal framework (1) outside, inner layer glass curtain wall (5) is installed in curtain wall metal framework (1) indoor, constitute the house sunny slope air passage of heat (3) and in the shade the hot-air channel in house (13) between glass outer curtain wall (2) and the inner layer glass curtain wall (5), between the top of the top of curtain wall metal framework (1) and inner layer glass curtain wall (5) exhaust passage, roof (12), it is characterized in that: the indoor at the inner layer glass curtain wall (5) of house sunny slope is furnished with a phase-change material layers (6) and finish coat (7) successively, described phase-change material layers (6) is made by phase-change material, and described finish coat (7) is made by aluminum alloy materials.
2. a kind of building curtain wall heat insulation structural that has air duct and phase-change material according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the upper and lower side at the glass outer curtain wall (2) of house sunny slope has sunny slope exhaust opening (11), sunny slope air inlet port (9), the lower end of in the shade glass outer curtain wall has in the shade air inlet port (10) in the house, and above each inlet and outlet mouth install can electronic adjustment the band fly net and the wrong orifice plate (8) of filter; Sunny slope exhaust opening (11) is communicated with in the shade hot-air channel (13) by exhaust passage, roof (12).
3. a kind of building curtain wall heat insulation structural that has air duct and phase-change material according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: glass outer curtain wall (2) is made of transparent individual layer tempered glass, and inner layer glass curtain wall (5) is made of Low-E hollow tempered glass.
CN2010205804054U 2010-10-28 2010-10-28 Building curtain wall heat insulation structure with air passage and phase change material Expired - Fee Related CN201835411U (en)

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102995802A (en) * 2012-12-18 2013-03-27 青岛中科润美润滑材料技术有限公司 Double-layer glass curtain wall utilizing solar energy
CN104634814A (en) * 2015-02-09 2015-05-20 东北石油大学 Indoor heat environment experiment device with phase-change material curtain wall on one side and application method of indoor heat environment experiment device
CN104790523A (en) * 2015-04-24 2015-07-22 戴长虹 Energy-saving glass house
CN105350683A (en) * 2015-11-14 2016-02-24 占行波 House external wall air-suction type solar indoor cooling device
CN110241938A (en) * 2019-05-24 2019-09-17 深圳供电局有限公司 Build phase-change accumulation energy wall body structure
CN111535437A (en) * 2020-04-17 2020-08-14 苏州磐际建筑科技有限公司 Low-energy-consumption phase-change building comfortable and healthy system
CN112748753A (en) * 2020-12-25 2021-05-04 湖南大学 Anti-condensation control method and system for double-layer ventilation glass curtain wall
CN113187133A (en) * 2021-05-13 2021-07-30 成都中恒瑞达铝幕墙装饰材料有限公司 Novel aluminum veneer
CN114673384A (en) * 2022-03-22 2022-06-28 中国建筑第二工程局有限公司 Multifunctional energy-saving exhibition hall building

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102995802A (en) * 2012-12-18 2013-03-27 青岛中科润美润滑材料技术有限公司 Double-layer glass curtain wall utilizing solar energy
CN104634814A (en) * 2015-02-09 2015-05-20 东北石油大学 Indoor heat environment experiment device with phase-change material curtain wall on one side and application method of indoor heat environment experiment device
CN104634814B (en) * 2015-02-09 2017-03-01 东北石油大学 Side carries indoor thermal environment experimental provision and the using method of phase-change material curtain wall
CN104790523A (en) * 2015-04-24 2015-07-22 戴长虹 Energy-saving glass house
CN105350683A (en) * 2015-11-14 2016-02-24 占行波 House external wall air-suction type solar indoor cooling device
CN105350683B (en) * 2015-11-14 2018-08-17 占行波 External wall of house air draught type indoor colar cooling apparatus
CN110241938A (en) * 2019-05-24 2019-09-17 深圳供电局有限公司 Build phase-change accumulation energy wall body structure
CN111535437A (en) * 2020-04-17 2020-08-14 苏州磐际建筑科技有限公司 Low-energy-consumption phase-change building comfortable and healthy system
CN112748753A (en) * 2020-12-25 2021-05-04 湖南大学 Anti-condensation control method and system for double-layer ventilation glass curtain wall
CN113187133A (en) * 2021-05-13 2021-07-30 成都中恒瑞达铝幕墙装饰材料有限公司 Novel aluminum veneer
CN114673384A (en) * 2022-03-22 2022-06-28 中国建筑第二工程局有限公司 Multifunctional energy-saving exhibition hall building
CN114673384B (en) * 2022-03-22 2023-07-25 中国建筑第二工程局有限公司 Multifunctional energy-saving exhibition hall building

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GR01 Patent grant
C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20110518

Termination date: 20111028