CN201669229U - Fruit classified screening device - Google Patents

Fruit classified screening device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201669229U
CN201669229U CN 200920277329 CN200920277329U CN201669229U CN 201669229 U CN201669229 U CN 201669229U CN 200920277329 CN200920277329 CN 200920277329 CN 200920277329 U CN200920277329 U CN 200920277329U CN 201669229 U CN201669229 U CN 201669229U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
image acquisition
fruit
radiation source
rejecting
conveyer belt
Prior art date
Application number
CN 200920277329
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
罗华平
徐贲
郭玲
Original Assignee
塔里木大学
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Publication date
Application filed by 塔里木大学 filed Critical 塔里木大学
Priority to CN 200920277329 priority Critical patent/CN201669229U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201669229U publication Critical patent/CN201669229U/en

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a fruit classified screening device comprising a rack, a feeding mouth, a discharge hole, an aggregating box and an information processing and control system, wherein a fences-like conveyer belt is arranged behind the feeding mouth and longitudinally divided into two sides; the two longitudinal sides are respectively provided with a group of image collector and light source; a rejecting mechanism and a turnover mechanism are arranged behind the image collector positioned in front; and at least one group of rejecting mechanisms is arranged behind the image collector positioned at the rear. Compared with the prior art, the screening device avoids the miss selection and labor efficiency problems when manually selecting the unqualified fruits, can increase the intrinsic quality separation and save manpower, has the characteristic of high separation efficiency, is particularly applicable to harvesting or selecting fruits such as red dates, tomatoes and the like needing to judge the maturity mainly from the surface color, and has wide application value in deep processing.

Description

Fruit sizing screening device
Technical field:
The utility model relates to a kind of fruit screening plant, particularly a kind of device that coloured fruit is carried out the quality sizing screening.
Background technology:
Present for some fruits; particularly whether or the fruit mainly judged of quality discrepancy from appearance color as class maturations such as red date, tomatos; its screening is a heavy and complicated job; the particularly rise of scale agricultural in recent years; as to process tomato be disposable gathering substantially; decayed fruit, go mouldy the fruit and crude fruit sneak into unavoidable; because the amount of gathering is big; it is very difficult still relying on artificial screening; sometimes also need the fruit of being gathered is carried out the sorting of different brackets, it manually almost is impossible then relying on.
Existing automatic grading plant mainly is heavy according to size and fruit as the grade to red date, then mainly press the letter sorting of mesh size by mechanical sieve, realize fruit shape size basically identical, can't the identification colors brown stain have a strong impact on " jujube inferior " of the cracking blackout of red date grade.
CN200951432 discloses a kind of tomato color selector, comprises that frame, raw material feed into mechanism, and obtains the fruit picture signal by color ccd sensor, selects ripe tomato by pneumatic or electrical separation mechanism after treatment.But this color selector can not carry out sieving and grading to fruit, and ccd sensor can only be got a face of fruit in screening process, and the probability of therefore leaking choosing is bigger, has influenced the screening quality.
Summary of the invention:
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of screening precision height, and can realize the fruit sizing screening device of classification.
The utility model is achieved through the following technical solutions: comprise frame (10), spout (1), discharging opening (12), Material collecting box for harvesting (13) and information processing and control system (8), it is characterized in that spout (1) is provided with paliform conveyer belt (11) afterwards, described conveyer belt (11) vertically is divided into both sides, and respectively be provided with one group of image collector (3) and radiation source (2) in both sides longitudinally in said conveyer belt (11) from front to back by conveyer belt (11) direct of travel, in above-mentioned image acquisition device (3), its image acquisition device (3) that is in the front is provided with rejecting mechanism (4) and switching mechanism (5) afterwards, and the image acquisition device (3) that is in the back then is provided with at least one group of rejecting mechanism (4) afterwards.
Above-mentioned rejecting mechanism (4) and switching mechanism (5) can be electromagnetic launch mechanism, comprise electromagnet (15), armature (16) and ejection plate (14), armature (16) and ejection plate (14) connect and the two between be provided with axle and form a leverage.
Above-mentioned rejecting mechanism (4) and switching mechanism (5) also can be pneumatic ejection mechanism, comprise air pump, air rammer (20) and ejection plate (14), ejection plate (14) is provided with and is provided with axle between fork (21) and the two and forms a leverage, and air rammer (20) is provided with piston rod and is connected with the fork (21) of ejection plate (14).
Above-mentioned rejecting mechanism (4) can also be pneumatic mechanism, comprises pneumatic blow gun (22) and air pump.
The above-mentioned image acquisition device (3) that is in the back preferably is provided with 2~4 groups of rejecting mechanisms (4) afterwards.
Above-mentioned conveyer belt (11) preferably is provided with dividing plate (7) longitudinally between the both sides, be shifted mutually with the fruit that prevents conveyer belt (11) both sides, is provided with connected entrance (6) on the dividing plate (7) that switching mechanism (5) is located.
Above-mentioned rejecting mechanism (4) correspondence all can be provided with discharging opening (12), and the discharging opening place also can be provided with Material collecting box for harvesting (13).
For can extraction and analysis fruit inner material information, as contain the information of sugar or other content of material, the utility model also can be provided with fruit diffuse transmission light sorting mechanism, comprise image acquisition device (3) and radiation source (2), and the relative arrangement of image acquisition device (3) with radiation source (2), be the opposite of image acquisition device (3) in radiation source (2), be provided with polarized lens sheet (17) between described image acquisition device (3) and the radiation source (2), as improvement, asking of above-mentioned image acquisition device (3) and radiation source (2) also can be provided with filter lens sheet (18), at least a in optical male lens (19) or the optics concavees lens.Described fruit diffuse transmission light sorting mechanism can be arranged in the passage behind the discharging opening (12), also can be located in spout (1) passage afterwards.
The utility model course of work is as follows:
Fruit is advanced in a side of paliform conveyer belt (11) and with conveyer belt (11) level, through image acquisition device when (3) by the positive picture signal of image acquisition device (3) collecting fruit (9) and import information processing and control system (8), after information processing and control system (8) analyzing and processing, if do not conform to ciruela, then rejecting mechanism thereafter (4) is with its rejecting, if from the qualified side of positive surface analysis through switching mechanism when (5), switching mechanism (5) then continues fruit 9 to advance from the opposite side that connected entrance (6) is turned to conveyer belt (11), when fruit 9 passes through the image acquisition device (3) of these sides, image acquisition device (3) is with the picture signal of collecting fruit 9 reverse side and be input to information processing and control system (8), after information processing and control system (8) analyzing and processing, if do not conform to ciruela then thereafter rejecting mechanism (4) with its rejecting, when continuing to advance, rejecting mechanism thereafter (4) then can be with qualified fruit by color image identification reference area grade by size---and be that the difference of color is picked and selected and recommended into corresponding discharging opening 12 and enter corresponding Material collecting box for harvesting 13.
Compared with prior art, the utility model not only screens the precision height, be specially adapted to as red date, the results or the screening of the fruit whether mainly one class maturation such as tomato is judged from appearance color, if be provided with fruit diffuse transmission light sorting mechanism, the information such as pol that also detectable acquisition is extracted by fruit diffuse transmission light, sub-elect by executing agency and to contain the different fruit of pol, can avoid in of the influence of screening fruit size pol, with the apparent size unanimity but the prematurity water content is higher is not suitable for making dried fruit and sorts out, saved artificial to a certain extent and machine resource has reduced cost, as red date, whether one class maturation such as tomato is mainly judged from appearance color, the results of the fruit that the quality of quality is then relevant with inner material content or the sieving and grading deep processing aspect value that has a wide range of applications.
Description of drawings:
Fig. 1 is the utility model embodiment 1 main structural representation of looking.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation that Fig. 1 overlooks.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of embodiment 1 fruit diffuse transmission light sorting mechanism.
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of embodiment 1 electromagnetic launch mechanism and user mode.
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the utility model embodiment 2 electromagnetic launch mechanism user modes.
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of the utility model embodiment 3 pneumatic ejection mechanisms.
Fig. 7 is the structural representation of the utility model embodiment 4 pneumatic mechanisms.
Fig. 8 is the structural representation of the utility model embodiment 4 pneumatic mechanism user modes.
Fig. 9 is the structural representation of the utility model embodiment 5 fruit diffuse transmission light sorting mechanisms.
Shown in the figure, 1 is spout, and 2 is radiation source, and 3 is image acquisition device, 4 is rejecting mechanism, and 5 is switching mechanism, and 6 is connected entrance, and 7 is dividing plate, 8 are information processing and control system, and 9 is fruit, and 10 is frame, and 11 is conveyer belt, 12 is discharging opening, and 13 is Material collecting box for harvesting, and 14 is ejection plate, and 15 is electromagnet, 16 is armature, and 17 is the polarized lens sheet, and 18 is the filter lens sheet, and 19 is the optical male lens, 20 is air rammer, and 21 is fork, and 22 is pneumatic blow gun.
The specific embodiment:
Embodiment 1:
With reference to Fig. 1 ~ 4, it is the structural representation of the utility model embodiment 1, comprise frame 10, spout 1, discharging opening 12, Material collecting box for harvesting 13 and information processing and control system 8, after spout 1, be provided with two paliform conveyer belts 11, but two-way parallel processing simultaneously, described conveyer belt 11 vertically is divided into both sides, conveyer belt 11 is provided with dividing plate 7 longitudinally between the both sides, on the dividing plate 7 at switching mechanism 5 places, be provided with connected entrance 6, and respectively be provided with one group of image collector 3 and radiation source 2 in both sides longitudinally in said conveyer belt 11 from front to back by conveyer belt 11 direct of travels, in described image acquisition device 3, its image acquisition device 3 that is in the front is provided with rejecting mechanism 4 and switching mechanism 5 afterwards, the image acquisition device 3 that is in the back then is provided with 3 groups of rejecting mechanisms 4 afterwards, rejecting mechanism 4 after the image acquisition device 3 of above-mentioned front and the image acquisition device that is in the back 3 the 1st group of rejecting mechanism 4 a shared discharging opening 12 and Material collecting box for harvesting 13 afterwards, image acquisition device 3 the 2nd and the 3rd group of rejecting mechanism 4 afterwards that is in the back is provided with separately independently discharging opening 12 and Material collecting box for harvesting 13, be equipped with fruit diffuse transmission light sorting mechanism (see figure 5) in the 2nd and the 3rd group of rejecting mechanism 4 after the described image acquisition device that is in the back 3 and the discharging opening 12 of conveyer belt end and the fruit passage between the Material collecting box for harvesting 13, comprise image acquisition device 3 and radiation source 2, and image acquisition device 3 and radiation source 2 relative arrangements, be provided with polarized lens sheet 17 between described image acquisition device 3 and the radiation source 2, filter lens sheet 18 and optical male lens 19, polarized lens sheet 17 is provided with two, wherein a slice forward bias 45 is spent, inclined to one side 45 degree of another sheet negative sense; Above-mentioned rejecting mechanism 4 and switching mechanism 5 are electromagnetic launch mechanism, comprise electromagnet 15, armature 16 and ejection plate 14, armature 16 and ejection plate 14 connect and the two between be provided with axle and form a leverage.
Embodiment 2:
With reference to Fig. 5, be the structural representation of the utility model embodiment 2 electromagnetic launch mechanism user modes, to compare with embodiment 1, the difference of present embodiment is that described electromagnetic launch mechanism is arranged at conveyer belt 11 tops.
Embodiment 3:
With reference to Fig. 6, be the structural representation of the utility model embodiment 3 pneumatic ejection mechanisms.Compare with embodiment 1, the difference of present embodiment is that described rejecting mechanism 4 and switching mechanism 5 are pneumatic ejection mechanism, this pneumatic ejection mechanism comprises air pump, air rammer 20 and ejection plate 14, in the air delivering pipeline of air rammer 20 magnetic valve is arranged, ejection plate 14 is provided with and is provided with axle between fork 21 and the two and forms a leverage, and air rammer 20 is provided with piston rod and is connected with the fork 21 of ejection plate 14.
Embodiment 4:
With reference to Fig. 7, Fig. 8, be the structural representation of the utility model embodiment 4 pneumatic mechanisms.Compare with embodiment 2, the difference of present embodiment is that described rejecting mechanism 4 is pneumatic mechanism, described pneumatic mechanism comprises pneumatic blow gun 22 and air pump, in the air delivering pipeline of above-mentioned pneumatic blow gun 22 and air rammer 20 magnetic valve is arranged, and the pneumatic mechanism of penetrating of rejecting mechanism 4 is arranged at conveyer belt 11 tops, and described switching mechanism 5 is pneumatic ejection mechanism.
Embodiment 5:
With reference to Fig. 9, be the structural representation of the utility model embodiment 5 fruit diffuse transmission light sorting mechanisms.Compare with embodiment 1, the difference of present embodiment is that described fruit diffuse transmission light sorting mechanism is arranged in the passage between spout 1 and the conveyer belt 11, be provided with before the conveyer belt 11 one group and be provided with three pairs of image acquisition devices 3 simultaneously and radiation source 2 and level 120 degree around arranging, be provided with the rejecting mechanism 4 that electromagnetic launch mechanism constitutes after the fruit diffuse transmission light sorting mechanism, can reject at charging stage fruit just that inner material content is not up to standard, the fruit after the screening for the first time divides and closes on the parallel conveyer belt 11 of each bar more afterwards.
Embodiment 6:
Compare with embodiment 1, the difference of present embodiment is that described fruit diffuse transmission light sorting mechanism is arranged in the passage between spout 1 and the conveyer belt 11, be equipped with one group and be provided with two pairs of image acquisition devices 3 and radiation source 2 and planche cross simultaneously and arrange before every conveyer belt 11, be provided with the rejecting mechanism 4 that electromagnetic launch mechanism constitutes after the fruit diffuse transmission light sorting mechanism.
Embodiment 7:
Compare with embodiment 1, the difference of present embodiment is to establish side by side altogether 10 conveyer belts, be equipped with one group of fruit diffuse transmission light sorting mechanism before every conveyer belt 11, described fruit diffuse transmission light sorting mechanism is arranged in the passage between spout 1 and the conveyer belt 11, be equipped with one group and described fruit diffuse transmission light sorting mechanism before every conveyer belt 11 and be provided with two pairs of image acquisition devices 3 and radiation source 2 and planche cross simultaneously and arrange, be provided with the rejecting mechanism 4 that electromagnetic launch mechanism constitutes after the fruit diffuse transmission light sorting mechanism.
Embodiment 8:
Compare with embodiment 7, the difference of present embodiment is that electromagnetic launch mechanism is replaced by pneumatic ejection mechanism, in the air delivering pipeline of described air rammer 20 magnetic valve is arranged.
Embodiment 9:
Compare with embodiment 7, the difference of present embodiment is that electromagnetic launch mechanism is replaced by pneumatic mechanism, in the air delivering pipeline of above-mentioned pneumatic blow gun 22 magnetic valve is arranged.
Embodiment 10:
Compare with embodiment 5, the difference of present embodiment is that described fruit diffuse transmission light sorting mechanism is made up of a pair of image acquisition device 3 and radiation source 2, is equipped with one group of fruit diffuse transmission light sorting mechanism before every conveyer belt 11.
Embodiment 11:
Compare with embodiment 7, the difference of present embodiment is that described fruit diffuse transmission light sorting mechanism is made up of a pair of image acquisition device 3 and radiation source 2, and optical male lens between described image acquisition device (3) and the radiation source (2) 19 are replaced by concavees lens.
Embodiment 12:
Compare with embodiment 10, the difference of present embodiment is that the optical male lens 19 of described fruit diffuse transmission light sorting mechanism are replaced by concavees lens.

Claims (9)

1. a fruit sizing screening device comprises frame (10), spout (1), discharging opening (12), Material collecting box for harvesting (13) and information processing and control system (8), it is characterized in that
Spout (1) is provided with paliform conveyer belt (11) afterwards, described conveyer belt (11) vertically is divided into both sides, and respectively be provided with one group of image collector (3) and radiation source (2) in both sides longitudinally in said conveyer belt (11) from front to back by conveyer belt (11) direct of travel, in above-mentioned image acquisition device (3), its image acquisition device (3) that is in the front is provided with rejecting mechanism (4) and switching mechanism (5) afterwards, and the image acquisition device (3) that is in the back then is provided with at least one group of rejecting mechanism (4) afterwards.
2. fruit sizing screening device according to claim 1 is characterized in that
Described rejecting mechanism (4) and switching mechanism (5) are electromagnetic launch mechanism, comprise electromagnet (15), armature (16) and ejection plate (14), armature (16) and ejection plate (14) connect and the two between be provided with axle and form a leverage.
3. fruit sizing screening device according to claim 1 is characterized in that
Described rejecting mechanism (4) and switching mechanism (5) are pneumatic ejection mechanism, comprise air pump, air rammer (20) and ejection plate (14), ejection plate (14) is provided with and is provided with axle between fork (21) and the two and forms a leverage, and air rammer (20) is provided with piston rod and is connected with the fork (21) of ejection plate (14).
4. fruit sizing screening device according to claim 1 is characterized in that
Described rejecting mechanism (4) can also be pneumatic mechanism, comprises pneumatic blow gun (22) and air pump.
5. according to claim 1,2,3 or 4 described fruit sizing screening devices, it is characterized in that
Described conveyer belt (11) is provided with dividing plate (7) longitudinally between the both sides, be provided with connected entrance (6) on the dividing plate (7) that switching mechanism (5) is located.
6. according to claim 1,2,3 or 4 described fruit sizing screening devices, it is characterized in that
Be provided with fruit diffuse transmission light sorting mechanism, comprise image acquisition device (3) and radiation source (2), and the relative arrangement of image acquisition device (3) with radiation source (2), be image acquisition device (3) on the opposite of radiation source (2), be provided with polarized lens sheet (17) between described image acquisition device (3) and the radiation source (2).
7. fruit sizing screening device according to claim 5 is characterized in that
Be provided with fruit diffuse transmission light sorting mechanism, comprise image acquisition device (3) and radiation source (2), and the relative arrangement of image acquisition device (3) with radiation source (2), be image acquisition device (3) on the opposite of radiation source (2), be provided with polarized lens sheet (17) between described image acquisition device (3) and the radiation source (2).
8. fruit sizing screening device according to claim 6 is characterized in that
Be provided with at least a in filter lens sheet (18), optical male lens or the optics concavees lens between described image acquisition device (3) and the radiation source (2).
9. fruit sizing screening device according to claim 7 is characterized in that
Be provided with at least a in filter lens sheet (18), optical male lens or the optics concavees lens between described image acquisition device (3) and the radiation source (2).
CN 200920277329 2009-12-28 2009-12-28 Fruit classified screening device CN201669229U (en)

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Cited By (16)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102634854A (en) * 2012-04-09 2012-08-15 陕西科技大学 Cocoon screening device
CN102921646A (en) * 2012-11-21 2013-02-13 孙中国 Automatic screening device for jujubes with different colors
CN102941189A (en) * 2012-11-30 2013-02-27 上海交通大学 Controllable rotary angle insection tray device of fruit sorter
CN102974549A (en) * 2012-12-19 2013-03-20 王海磊 Gridding-belt-type equipment for automatically sorting unripe and ripe winter jujubes
CN103817084A (en) * 2014-02-21 2014-05-28 山东省农业科学院农业质量标准与检测技术研究所 Near-infrared spectroscopy grade sorting instrument for winter jujube
CN103934221A (en) * 2014-04-28 2014-07-23 安徽捷迅光电技术有限公司 Device for preventing multi-angle lighting reflection of color sorter
CN103949410A (en) * 2014-04-21 2014-07-30 黄晶灿 Automatic betel nut seed sorting device
CN104056789A (en) * 2013-03-19 2014-09-24 青岛农业大学 Carrot defect image quantitative detection method and carrot sorting apparatus
CN104399678A (en) * 2014-11-19 2015-03-11 合肥安晶龙电子有限公司 Color sorter
CN104399679A (en) * 2014-11-19 2015-03-11 合肥安晶龙电子有限公司 Sorting device of color sorter sorting device
CN104457629A (en) * 2014-12-20 2015-03-25 桐梓县创兴自动化设备有限公司 Automatic detection device for spray nozzles on cloth spray painting machine
CN105268659A (en) * 2015-11-12 2016-01-27 上海电机学院 Red jujube screening machine based on visual technique
CN105268656A (en) * 2015-10-29 2016-01-27 宁夏大学 Electromagnetic quick fruit grading device
CN106180001A (en) * 2016-09-21 2016-12-07 福建农林大学 Class spherical nut Non-Destructive Testing classification conveyer device and control method thereof
CN108855895A (en) * 2018-08-13 2018-11-23 江西绿萌分选设备有限公司 A kind of quick sorting unit of navel orange
CN109772730A (en) * 2019-03-06 2019-05-21 中国农业大学 A kind of ellipse or round fruits and vegetables detection and classification mechanism

Cited By (22)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102634854A (en) * 2012-04-09 2012-08-15 陕西科技大学 Cocoon screening device
CN102634854B (en) * 2012-04-09 2014-04-30 陕西科技大学 Cocoon screening device
CN102921646A (en) * 2012-11-21 2013-02-13 孙中国 Automatic screening device for jujubes with different colors
CN102941189A (en) * 2012-11-30 2013-02-27 上海交通大学 Controllable rotary angle insection tray device of fruit sorter
CN102941189B (en) * 2012-11-30 2013-12-25 上海交通大学 Controllable rotary angle insection tray device of fruit sorter
CN102974549A (en) * 2012-12-19 2013-03-20 王海磊 Gridding-belt-type equipment for automatically sorting unripe and ripe winter jujubes
CN104056789A (en) * 2013-03-19 2014-09-24 青岛农业大学 Carrot defect image quantitative detection method and carrot sorting apparatus
CN104056789B (en) * 2013-03-19 2017-05-17 青岛农业大学 Carrot defect image quantitative detection method
CN103817084A (en) * 2014-02-21 2014-05-28 山东省农业科学院农业质量标准与检测技术研究所 Near-infrared spectroscopy grade sorting instrument for winter jujube
CN103949410A (en) * 2014-04-21 2014-07-30 黄晶灿 Automatic betel nut seed sorting device
CN103949410B (en) * 2014-04-21 2016-09-14 黄晶灿 A kind of Semen Arecae seed automatic separation equipment
CN103934221A (en) * 2014-04-28 2014-07-23 安徽捷迅光电技术有限公司 Device for preventing multi-angle lighting reflection of color sorter
CN104399678A (en) * 2014-11-19 2015-03-11 合肥安晶龙电子有限公司 Color sorter
CN104399679A (en) * 2014-11-19 2015-03-11 合肥安晶龙电子有限公司 Sorting device of color sorter sorting device
CN104457629B (en) * 2014-12-20 2017-05-17 重庆市超群工业股份有限公司 Automatic detection device for spray nozzles on cloth spray painting machine
CN104457629A (en) * 2014-12-20 2015-03-25 桐梓县创兴自动化设备有限公司 Automatic detection device for spray nozzles on cloth spray painting machine
CN105268656A (en) * 2015-10-29 2016-01-27 宁夏大学 Electromagnetic quick fruit grading device
CN105268656B (en) * 2015-10-29 2017-10-13 宁夏大学 Electromagnetic type fruit rapid classification device
CN105268659A (en) * 2015-11-12 2016-01-27 上海电机学院 Red jujube screening machine based on visual technique
CN106180001A (en) * 2016-09-21 2016-12-07 福建农林大学 Class spherical nut Non-Destructive Testing classification conveyer device and control method thereof
CN108855895A (en) * 2018-08-13 2018-11-23 江西绿萌分选设备有限公司 A kind of quick sorting unit of navel orange
CN109772730A (en) * 2019-03-06 2019-05-21 中国农业大学 A kind of ellipse or round fruits and vegetables detection and classification mechanism

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