CN109793253A - Leaf machine is selected in a kind of removal of impurities of high-efficiency multi-stage - Google Patents

Leaf machine is selected in a kind of removal of impurities of high-efficiency multi-stage Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109793253A
CN109793253A CN201811446553.4A CN201811446553A CN109793253A CN 109793253 A CN109793253 A CN 109793253A CN 201811446553 A CN201811446553 A CN 201811446553A CN 109793253 A CN109793253 A CN 109793253A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
sundries
delivery pipe
leaf
collecting bin
image recognition
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Pending
Application number
CN201811446553.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
鄢冬青
高建亮
姜华
刘常荣
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Yunnan Runpu Electrical And Mechanical Engineering Co Ltd
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Yunnan Runpu Electrical And Mechanical Engineering Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201811446553.4A priority Critical patent/CN109793253A/en
Publication of CN109793253A publication Critical patent/CN109793253A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of removal of impurities of high-efficiency multi-stage and selects leaf machine, including air delivery pipe, image recognition detector, Apparatus for spraying and jetting particulate materials, collecting bin on air delivery pipe are set, it is characterized in that the collecting bin is at least arranged two, each collecting bin includes the shell with cavity, at least one feeding inlet on shell is set, each feeding inlet with sundries, the secondary cigarette outlet on air delivery pipe, shell is equipped with the regulating tuyere being connected with adjusting blower, and housing bottom is equipped with the sundries with valve, secondary cigarette outlet.Realize the sundries automatic rejection being mingled in tobacco leaf, and it is collected with the automatic classification of the biggish tobacco leaf of established standards color distinction, so that tobacco leaf degree qualification rate and degree of purity is reached technique requirement, improves image recognition, blowing rejecting effect, the tobacco leaf that will meet class requirement is avoided accidentally to reject.

Description

Leaf machine is selected in a kind of removal of impurities of high-efficiency multi-stage
Technical field
The present invention relates to tobacco processing equipment technical fields, in particular to online photoelectricity is used for when beating and double roasting produces certainly It is dynamic that the removal of impurities in leaf removal of impurities process is selected to select leaf equipment.
Background technique
In tobacco processing course, especially before beating and double roasting, need to carry out grading and removal of impurities to tobacco leaf.Existing rank It is the means that current beating and double roasting enterprise generallys use that section manual sorting, which selects leaf, and manual sorting selects leaf that leaf level of operation is not only selected to join Difference is uneven, and the efficiency of separation is low, and sorting quality is unstable, takes up a large area, and staff is chronically at poor work In environment, large labor intensity, while selecting leaf at high cost.The tobacco leaf processing enterprise having thus distinguishes that color selects leaf automatically using photoelectricity De-burring machine carries out that leaf is selected to clean.Currently, photoelectricity distinguish color select automatically material in leaf de-burring machine convey generally using belt conveying or Wind model two ways.It distinguishes that color is selected automatically in leaf de-burring machine in wind model photoelectricity, completes tobacco leaf conveying by pipeline wind-force While, by the image recognizer and control mechanism being arranged on vertical pipe, being mingled in for will identify that is miscellaneous in tobacco leaf Object and with after the biggish tobacco leaf of established standards color distinction, is arranged in blowing device at pipeline symmetrical openings by controlling, will Sundries and with the biggish tobacco leaf compressed air spraying of established standards color distinction into various articles collecting apparatus, realization be mingled in cigarette The automatic rejection of sundries in leaf, and sorted with the automatic of the biggish tobacco leaf of established standards color distinction.It is defeated in existing wind-force Photoelectricity is sent to distinguish that color is selected automatically in leaf de-burring machine, point since the wind by pipeline send material movement speed very fast, and in pipeline Cloth is disorderly and unsystematic, therefore affects image recognition and compressed air spraying rejecting effect, or even can occur that the cigarette of grade will be met The phenomenon that leaf is accidentally rejected.Cause existing photoelectricity distinguish color select automatically leaf de-burring machine image recognition and compressed air spraying reject efficiency compared with It is low, it is difficult to which that primary sundries completely is rejected, and tobacco leaf degree qualification rate and degree of purity is made to be extremely difficult to technique requirement.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to provide one kind in same wind model channel to solve the shortcomings of the prior art On, multiple image recognition and blowing impurities removing are carried out to tobacco leaf, while tobacco leaf up to standard being classified, makes the tobacco leaf selected Leaf machine is selected in the high-efficiency multi-stage removal of impurities that grade qualification rate and degree of purity reach technique requirement.
The present invention passes through following technical proposal and completes: leaf machine, including air delivery pipe are selected in a kind of removal of impurities of high-efficiency multi-stage, and setting exists Image recognition detector, Apparatus for spraying and jetting particulate materials, collecting bin on air delivery pipe, it is characterised in that the collecting bin is at least arranged two, often A collecting bin includes the shell with cavity, at least one feeding inlet on shell is arranged in, each feeding inlet is sent with wind Sundries, secondary cigarette outlet on pipeline, shell are equipped with the regulating tuyere being connected with adjusting blower, and housing bottom is equipped with band valve Sundries, the secondary cigarette outlet of door adjust the pressure in collecting bin will pass through adjusting blower, make the pressure and sundries, secondary cigarette The pressure exported in the air delivery pipe of top is consistent, and the compressed air for allowing Apparatus for spraying and jetting particulate materials to blow out can be smooth by sundries, secondary cigarette It is blown in collecting bin;Again by two collecting bins being at least arranged, collect respectively sundries and with established standards color distinction Biggish tobacco leaf completes classification and selects leaf.
Collecting bin inner walls top sets sound absorbing layer along wall surface, when compressed air spraying is effectively reduced by sound absorbing layer The noise of generation.
The air delivery pipe is straight tube, multiple image recognition detectors is arranged at intervals on the straight tube, in each figure As identification detector rear straight tube on offer upper and lower through-hole in opposite directions, be arranged on upper through-hole Apparatus for spraying and jetting particulate materials, lower through-hole with it is corresponding Collecting bin feeding inlet is connected.So as to image recognition detector identify the sundries being mingled in tobacco leaf and with established standards color After the biggish tobacco leaf of difference, it is blown by sundries and with the biggish tobacco leaf of established standards color distinction to collecting bin by Apparatus for spraying and jetting particulate materials In, it realizes the sundries automatic rejection being mingled in tobacco leaf and is received with the automatic classification of the larger tobacco leaf of established standards color distinction Collection selects leaf purpose.
The air delivery pipe is set as that several segments are upward convex and to recessed arc shape pipeline, and in air delivery pipe to recessed Arc shape pipeline on image recognition detector is set, and at image recognition detector rear on recessed arc shape pipeline It is oppositely arranged blowing mouth and sundries, the outlet of secondary cigarette, is blown on mouth and Apparatus for spraying and jetting particulate materials is set, sundries, secondary cigarette export the collecting bin with lower section It is connected, so that wind be made to send material in the arc shape pipeline by raising upward, is thrown to after tube wall by centrifugal force effect along pipeline Cavity orderly, is dispersedly distributed, so that image recognition detector identifies the sundries being mingled in tobacco leaf and and established standards After the biggish tobacco leaf of color distinction, it is blown by sundries and with the biggish tobacco leaf of established standards color distinction to receipts by Apparatus for spraying and jetting particulate materials Collect in storehouse, realize the sundries automatic rejection being mingled in tobacco leaf and divides with the automatic of the larger tobacco leaf of established standards color distinction What grade was collected selects leaf purpose.
One end of the air delivery pipe is connected with feed hopper, the other end and the leaf with material import and export and air outlet thereon Gas separating device be connected, the air outlet of the leaf gas separating device is connected with main air blower air inlet, main air blower air outlet pass through deduster and Pipeline is connected, and send power source in order to provide wind.
The image recognition detector is conventional equipment.
The Apparatus for spraying and jetting particulate materials is conventional equipment, including nozzle, which passes through tracheae and control valve and air on tracheae Compressor is connected, for providing the compressed air of blowing sundries, secondary cigarette.
The present invention has following advantages and effect;By adopting the above technical scheme, pipe can be sent conveniently by a wind On road, several image recognition detectors, several Apparatus for spraying and jetting particulate materials, multiple collecting bins, the mistake for moving material in air delivery pipe are set Cheng Zhong, by image recognition detector identify the sundries being mingled in tobacco leaf and with the biggish cigarette of established standards color distinction Leaf, while the pressure in corresponding collecting bin is adjusted by adjusting blower, send the pressure and the wind of sundries, secondary cigarette outlet top Pressure in pipeline is consistent, and sundries, secondary cigarette can be smoothly blown to corresponding by the compressed air that Apparatus for spraying and jetting particulate materials is blown out In collecting bin, so completes removal of impurities and leaf is selected in classification, so that tobacco leaf degree qualification rate and degree of purity is reached technique requirement, improve figure As identification, blowing rejecting effect, avoids the tobacco leaf that will meet class requirement from accidentally rejecting, so that impurities removing efficiency is reached >=85%, tobacco leaf degree Qualification rate reaches >=90%.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is schematic structural view of the invention;
Fig. 2 is another structural schematic diagram of the present invention.
Specific embodiment
The present invention is described in more detail in the embodiment provided with reference to the accompanying drawings of the specification, but the present invention is not limited to Embodiment.
High-efficiency multi-stage removal of impurities winnowing leaf machine provided by the invention, including air delivery pipe, are arranged in the figure on air delivery pipe As identification detector 4, Apparatus for spraying and jetting particulate materials 3, collecting bin, in which:
The collecting bin is arranged 8 and 11 2, and two collecting bins 8,11 include the shell with cavity, on the shell of collecting bin 8 Equipped with a feeding inlet, a sundries, secondary cigarette outlet on the feeding inlet and air delivery pipe are set on the shell of collecting bin 11 Have two feeding inlets, two feeding inlets respectively with two sundries, the secondary cigarette outlet on air delivery pipe, each collecting bin 8,11 Shell be equipped with and adjust the regulating tuyere that is connected of blower 10, each housing bottom is equipped with the sundries with valve 9, secondary cigarette is arranged Outlet;The pressure in collecting bin 8,11 is adjusted will pass through adjusting blower 10, the pressure and sundries, secondary cigarette is made to export top Pressure in air delivery pipe is consistent, and sundries, secondary cigarette can be smoothly blown to collection by the compressed air for allowing Apparatus for spraying and jetting particulate materials 3 to blow out In storehouse 8,11;The collecting bin 8,11 inner walls tops set sound absorbing layer 14 along wall surface, and compression is effectively reduced by sound absorbing layer 14 The noise generated when air blown.
The air delivery pipe is straight tube 5, three image recognition detectors is arranged at intervals on the straight tube 5, at each Three pairs of upper and lower through-holes are offered on the straight tube 5 at image recognition detector rear in opposite directions, corresponding spray is set on through-hole on each It is connected to blow device 3, lower through-hole and corresponding collecting bin 8,11 feeding inlets, such as Fig. 1, passes through first image recognition detector 4 and identifies The sundries that is mingled in tobacco leaf out and with after the biggish tobacco leaf of established standards color distinction, through first Apparatus for spraying and jetting particulate materials 3 by sundries And be first blown with the biggish tobacco leaf of established standards color distinction into first collecting bin 8, it completes first order tobacco leaf and sorts;Again Through second, third image recognition detector 4 identify the sundries being mingled in tobacco leaf and with established standards color distinction it is larger Tobacco leaf after, arrived respectively through second, third Apparatus for spraying and jetting particulate materials 3 by sundries and with the biggish tobacco leaf blowing of established standards color distinction It in second collecting bin 11, completes second level tobacco leaf and sorts, qualified tobacco leaf enters with the wind in leaf gas separating device 2, and tobacco leaf is from outlet 12 discharges, wind enters in main air blower 1 through air outlet 13, after 1 air outlet of main air blower, deduster dedusting, is sent into pipeline for circulation Use or as other purposes.Realize the sundries automatic rejection that is mingled in tobacco leaf and with established standards color distinction compared with What the automatic classification of big tobacco leaf was collected selects leaf purpose.
The air delivery pipe is set as three sections of upward convex arc shape pipelines 51 and three sections to recessed arc shape pipeline 7, and Each section in air delivery pipe three image recognition detectors 4 are respectively set on recessed arc shape pipeline 7, and at first Being oppositely arranged on recessed arc shape pipeline 7 for 4 rear of image recognition detector is blown mouth and sundries, the outlet of secondary cigarette, each It is respectively provided with Apparatus for spraying and jetting particulate materials 3 on a blowing mouth, each sundries, secondary cigarette export the feeding inlet phase of collecting bin 8,11 corresponding with lower section Even, such as Fig. 2;Wind send material to be sent into air delivery pipe through entrance 6, under main air blower air draught effect, makes material in circular arc swan-neck Wind model is completed in road, and raise upward in transmission process by first segment arc shape pipeline 51 when, acted on by centrifugal force It throws to after the tube wall and orderly, is dispersedly distributed along tube cavity, so that first image recognition detector 4 is recognized accurately mixed Miscellaneous sundries in tobacco leaf and with the biggish tobacco leaf of established standards color distinction, and by first Apparatus for spraying and jetting particulate materials 3 by sundries with And it completes level-one tobacco leaf into the first collecting bin 8 with the biggish tobacco leaf blowing of established standards color distinction and sorts, and through valve 9 Discharge;When the arc shape pipeline 51 to raise upward using second segment, thrown to after the tube wall by centrifugal force effect along tube cavity Orderly, it is dispersedly distributed, is identified convenient for second image recognition detector 4, be blown into second collecting bin through second Apparatus for spraying and jetting particulate materials In 11, when the arc shape pipeline 51 to raise upward using third section, thrown to after the tube wall by centrifugal force effect along tube cavity Orderly, it is dispersedly distributed, is identified convenient for third image recognition detector 4, be blown into second collecting bin through third Apparatus for spraying and jetting particulate materials 3 In 11, completes second level tobacco leaf and sort, and be discharged through valve 9;Qualified tobacco leaf enters with the wind in leaf gas separating device 2, and tobacco leaf is from outlet 12 discharges, wind enters in main air blower 1 through air outlet 13, after 1 air outlet of main air blower, deduster dedusting, is sent into pipeline for circulation Use or as other purposes.
The right end of the air delivery pipe is connected with feed hopper 6, left end with thereon with material import and export 12 and air outlet 13 Leaf gas separating device 2 is connected, and the air outlet 13 of the leaf gas separating device 2 is connected with 1 air inlet of main air blower, and 1 air outlet of main air blower passes through Deduster is connected with pipeline (not providing in figure), send power source in order to provide wind;
The image recognition detector 4 is conventional equipment;The Apparatus for spraying and jetting particulate materials 3 is conventional equipment, including nozzle, the nozzle pass through gas Control valve on pipe and tracheae is connected with air compressor, for providing the compressed air of blowing sundries, secondary cigarette.

Claims (7)

1. leaf machine, including air delivery pipe are selected in a kind of removal of impurities of high-efficiency multi-stage, image recognition detector on air delivery pipe, spray are set Blowing device, collecting bin, it is characterised in that the collecting bin is at least arranged two, and each collecting bin includes the shell with cavity, if Set at least one feeding inlet on shell, each feeding inlet with sundries, the secondary cigarette outlet on air delivery pipe, shell It is equipped with the regulating tuyere being connected with adjusting blower, housing bottom is equipped with the sundries with valve, secondary cigarette outlet.
2. leaf machine is selected in high-efficiency multi-stage removal of impurities according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the air delivery pipe is straight tube, at this It is arranged at intervals with multiple image recognition detectors on straight tube, is opened up in opposite directions on the straight tube at each image recognition detector rear There is upper and lower through-hole, Apparatus for spraying and jetting particulate materials is set on upper through-hole, lower through-hole is connected with corresponding collecting bin feeding inlet.
3. leaf machine is selected in high-efficiency multi-stage removal of impurities according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the air delivery pipe is set as several segments It is upward convex and to recessed arc shape pipeline, and image recognition detection is set on recessed arc shape pipeline in air delivery pipe Device, and blowing mouth and sundries, the outlet of secondary cigarette are oppositely arranged on recessed arc shape pipeline at image recognition detector rear, Apparatus for spraying and jetting particulate materials is set on blowing mouth, and sundries, the outlet of secondary cigarette are connected with the collecting bin of lower section.
4. leaf machine is selected in high-efficiency multi-stage according to claim 1 removal of impurities, it is characterised in that one end of the air delivery pipe with into Hopper is connected, and the other end is connected with the leaf gas separating device thereon with material import and export and air outlet, the outlet air of the leaf gas separating device Mouth is connected with main air blower air inlet, and main air blower air outlet is connected by deduster with pipeline, send power source in order to provide wind.
5. leaf machine is selected in high-efficiency multi-stage removal of impurities according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the image recognition detector is normal Advise equipment.
6. leaf machine is selected in high-efficiency multi-stage removal of impurities according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the Apparatus for spraying and jetting particulate materials is conventional equipment, packet Nozzle is included, which is connected by the control valve on tracheae and tracheae with air compressor, for providing blowing sundries, secondary cigarette Compressed air.
7. leaf machine is selected in high-efficiency multi-stage removal of impurities according to claim 1, it is characterised in that collecting bin inner walls top If sound absorbing layer.
CN201811446553.4A 2018-11-29 2018-11-29 Leaf machine is selected in a kind of removal of impurities of high-efficiency multi-stage Pending CN109793253A (en)

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CN201811446553.4A CN109793253A (en) 2018-11-29 2018-11-29 Leaf machine is selected in a kind of removal of impurities of high-efficiency multi-stage

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811446553.4A CN109793253A (en) 2018-11-29 2018-11-29 Leaf machine is selected in a kind of removal of impurities of high-efficiency multi-stage

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109452682A (en) * 2018-11-29 2019-03-12 云南润普机电工程有限公司 Leaf machine is selected in a kind of multistage removal of impurities

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CN201669229U (en) * 2009-12-28 2010-12-15 塔里木大学 Fruit classified screening device
CN102695429A (en) * 2010-01-07 2012-09-26 豪尼机械制造股份公司 Method and device for removing foreign particles from a tobacco stream
CN203648848U (en) * 2013-12-16 2014-06-18 江苏恒森烟草机械有限公司 Air supply smoked sheet foreign mater removing machine
CN105855171A (en) * 2016-04-11 2016-08-17 江苏恒森烟草机械有限公司 Air conveying drop type impurity removing device and tobacco impurity removing method
CN209749793U (en) * 2018-11-29 2019-12-10 云南润普机电工程有限公司 High-efficient multistage edulcoration leaf selection machine

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20020130067A1 (en) * 1999-09-01 2002-09-19 Yoshio Takai Foreign substance eliminating apparatus
CN1689715A (en) * 2004-04-27 2005-11-02 豪尼制丝设备责任有限公司 Method and apparatus for separating foreign matter from material flow
CN201669229U (en) * 2009-12-28 2010-12-15 塔里木大学 Fruit classified screening device
CN102695429A (en) * 2010-01-07 2012-09-26 豪尼机械制造股份公司 Method and device for removing foreign particles from a tobacco stream
CN203648848U (en) * 2013-12-16 2014-06-18 江苏恒森烟草机械有限公司 Air supply smoked sheet foreign mater removing machine
CN105855171A (en) * 2016-04-11 2016-08-17 江苏恒森烟草机械有限公司 Air conveying drop type impurity removing device and tobacco impurity removing method
CN209749793U (en) * 2018-11-29 2019-12-10 云南润普机电工程有限公司 High-efficient multistage edulcoration leaf selection machine

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109452682A (en) * 2018-11-29 2019-03-12 云南润普机电工程有限公司 Leaf machine is selected in a kind of multistage removal of impurities

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