CN109452682A - Leaf machine is selected in a kind of multistage removal of impurities - Google Patents

Leaf machine is selected in a kind of multistage removal of impurities Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109452682A
CN109452682A CN201811446552.XA CN201811446552A CN109452682A CN 109452682 A CN109452682 A CN 109452682A CN 201811446552 A CN201811446552 A CN 201811446552A CN 109452682 A CN109452682 A CN 109452682A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
leaf
delivery pipe
sundries
image recognition
collecting bin
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201811446552.XA
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
鄢冬青
高建亮
姜华
刘常荣
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Yunnan Runpu Electrical And Mechanical Engineering Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Yunnan Runpu Electrical And Mechanical Engineering Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Yunnan Runpu Electrical And Mechanical Engineering Co Ltd filed Critical Yunnan Runpu Electrical And Mechanical Engineering Co Ltd
Priority to CN201811446552.XA priority Critical patent/CN109452682A/en
Publication of CN109452682A publication Critical patent/CN109452682A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A24TOBACCO; CIGARS; CIGARETTES; SIMULATED SMOKING DEVICES; SMOKERS' REQUISITES
    • A24BMANUFACTURE OR PREPARATION OF TOBACCO FOR SMOKING OR CHEWING; TOBACCO; SNUFF
    • A24B1/00Preparation of tobacco on the plantation
    • A24B1/04Sifting, sorting, cleaning or removing impurities from tobacco
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A24TOBACCO; CIGARS; CIGARETTES; SIMULATED SMOKING DEVICES; SMOKERS' REQUISITES
    • A24BMANUFACTURE OR PREPARATION OF TOBACCO FOR SMOKING OR CHEWING; TOBACCO; SNUFF
    • A24B3/00Preparing tobacco in the factory
    • A24B3/10Roasting or cooling tobacco

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of multistage removal of impurities and selects leaf machine, including air delivery pipe, image recognition detector, Apparatus for spraying and jetting particulate materials, collecting bin on air delivery pipe are set, it is characterized in that be set as several segments upward convex and to recessed arc shape pipeline for air delivery pipe, and image recognition detector is set on recessed arc shape pipeline in air delivery pipe, and blowing mouth and sundries, the outlet of secondary cigarette are oppositely arranged on recessed arc shape pipeline at image recognition detector rear, Apparatus for spraying and jetting particulate materials is set on blowing mouth, and sundries, the outlet of secondary cigarette are connected with the collecting bin of lower section.Realize the sundries automatic rejection being mingled in tobacco leaf, and it is collected with the automatic classification of the biggish tobacco leaf of established standards color distinction, so that tobacco leaf degree qualification rate and degree of purity is reached technique requirement, improves image recognition, blowing rejecting effect, the tobacco leaf that will meet class requirement is avoided accidentally to reject.

Description

Leaf machine is selected in a kind of multistage removal of impurities
Technical field
The present invention relates to tobacco processing equipment technical fields, in particular to online photoelectricity is used for when beating and double roasting produces certainly It is dynamic that the removal of impurities in leaf removal of impurities process is selected to select leaf equipment.
Background technique
In tobacco processing course, especially before beating and double roasting, need to carry out grading and removal of impurities to tobacco leaf.Existing rank It is the means that current beating and double roasting enterprise generallys use that section manual sorting, which selects leaf, and manual sorting selects leaf that leaf level of operation is not only selected to join Difference is uneven, and the efficiency of separation is low, and sorting quality is unstable, takes up a large area, and staff is chronically at poor work In environment, large labor intensity, while selecting leaf at high cost.The tobacco leaf processing enterprise having thus distinguishes that color selects leaf automatically using photoelectricity De-burring machine carries out that leaf is selected to clean.Currently, photoelectricity distinguish color select automatically material in leaf de-burring machine convey generally using belt conveying or Wind model two ways.It distinguishes that color is selected automatically in leaf de-burring machine in wind model photoelectricity, completes tobacco leaf conveying by pipeline wind-force While, by the image recognizer and control mechanism being arranged on vertical pipe, being mingled in for will identify that is miscellaneous in tobacco leaf Object and with after the biggish tobacco leaf of established standards color distinction, is arranged in blowing device at pipeline symmetrical openings by controlling, will Sundries and with the biggish tobacco leaf compressed air spraying of established standards color distinction into various articles collecting apparatus, realization be mingled in cigarette The automatic rejection of sundries in leaf, and sorted with the automatic of the biggish tobacco leaf of established standards color distinction.It is defeated in existing wind-force Photoelectricity is sent to distinguish that color is selected automatically in leaf de-burring machine, point since the wind by pipeline send material movement speed very fast, and in pipeline Cloth is disorderly and unsystematic, therefore affects image recognition and compressed air spraying rejecting effect, or even can occur that the cigarette of grade will be met The phenomenon that leaf is accidentally rejected.Cause existing photoelectricity distinguish color select automatically leaf de-burring machine image recognition and compressed air spraying reject efficiency compared with It is low, it is difficult to which that primary sundries completely is rejected, and tobacco leaf degree qualification rate and degree of purity is made to be extremely difficult to technique requirement.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to provide one kind in same wind model channel to solve the shortcomings of the prior art On, multiple image recognition and blowing impurities removing are carried out to tobacco leaf, while tobacco leaf up to standard being classified, makes the tobacco leaf selected Leaf machine is selected in the multistage removal of impurities that grade qualification rate and degree of purity reach technique requirement.
The present invention passes through following technical proposal and completes: leaf machine, including air delivery pipe are selected in a kind of multistage removal of impurities, and setting is sent in wind Image recognition detector, Apparatus for spraying and jetting particulate materials, collecting bin on pipeline, it is characterised in that it is upward convex and downward that air delivery pipe is set as several segments Recessed arc shape pipeline, and image recognition detector is set on recessed arc shape pipeline in air delivery pipe, and in image Identification detector rear is oppositely arranged blowing mouth and sundries, the outlet of secondary cigarette on recessed arc shape pipeline, is blown on mouth and sets Apparatus for spraying and jetting particulate materials is set, sundries, the outlet of secondary cigarette are connected with the collecting bin of lower section, so that wind be made to send material arc-shaped by raising upward When pipeline, is thrown to after tube wall by centrifugal force effect and orderly, be dispersedly distributed along tube cavity, so that image recognition detector can Be recognized accurately the sundries being mingled in tobacco leaf and with after the biggish tobacco leaf of established standards color distinction, will be miscellaneous by Apparatus for spraying and jetting particulate materials Object and with the biggish tobacco leaf blowing of established standards color distinction into collecting bin, realize that the sundries being mingled in tobacco leaf picks automatically It removes and selects leaf purpose with what the automatic classification of the larger tobacco leaf of established standards color distinction was collected.
One end of the air delivery pipe is connected with feed hopper, the other end and the leaf with material import and export and air outlet thereon Gas separating device be connected, the air outlet of the leaf gas separating device is connected with main air blower air inlet, main air blower air outlet pass through deduster and Pipeline is connected, and send power source in order to provide wind.
The collecting bin is at least arranged two, and each collecting bin includes the shell with cavity, is arranged on shell extremely A few feeding inlet, each feeding inlet is with sundries, the secondary cigarette outlet on air delivery pipe, and housing bottom is equipped with band valve Sundries, secondary cigarette outlet, will pass through at least two collecting bins, respectively collect sundries and with established standards color distinction compared with Big tobacco leaf completes classification and selects leaf.
The shell of the collecting bin is equipped with the regulating tuyere being connected with adjusting blower, is collected by adjusting blower to adjust Pressure in storehouse is consistent the pressure with the pressure in the air delivery pipe above sundries, the outlet of secondary cigarette, Apparatus for spraying and jetting particulate materials is allowed to blow out Compressed air sundries, secondary cigarette can be smoothly blown in collecting bin.
The inner walls top of the collecting bin is equipped with sound absorbing layer, production when compressed air spraying is effectively reduced by sound absorbing layer Raw noise.
The image recognition detector is conventional equipment.
The Apparatus for spraying and jetting particulate materials is conventional equipment, including nozzle, solenoid electric valve, and wherein nozzle is mounted on solenoid electric valve, Solenoid electric valve is connected by tracheae with compressed air reservoir, for providing the compressed air of blowing sundries, secondary cigarette.
The present invention has following advantages and effect;It by adopting the above technical scheme, can be conveniently by several in a band Section is upward convex and on recessed arc-shaped air delivery pipe, and several image recognition detectors, several Apparatus for spraying and jetting particulate materials, multiple collections is arranged Storehouse makes wind send material when by the segment pipe especially by the setting of several upward convex arc-shaped air delivery pipes, by Centrifugal force effect is thrown to after tube wall orderly, to be dispersedly distributed along tube cavity, and image recognition detector can be recognized accurately The sundries that is mingled in tobacco leaf and with the biggish tobacco leaf of established standards color distinction, then by Apparatus for spraying and jetting particulate materials by sundries and with set The biggish tobacco leaf blowing of quasi- color distinction is calibrated into corresponding collecting bin, realizes the sundries automatic rejection being mingled in tobacco leaf, And collected with the automatic classification of the biggish tobacco leaf of established standards color distinction, so that tobacco leaf degree qualification rate and degree of purity is reached work Skill requirement improves image recognition, blowing rejecting effect, avoids the tobacco leaf that will meet class requirement from accidentally rejecting, make impurities removing efficiency, cigarette Leaf grade qualification rate is effectively promoted.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is schematic structural view of the invention.
Specific embodiment
The present invention is described in more detail in the embodiment provided with reference to the accompanying drawings of the specification, but the present invention is not limited to Embodiment.
Multistage removal of impurities winnowing leaf machine provided by the invention, including air delivery pipe, the image being arranged on air delivery pipe are known Other detector 4, Apparatus for spraying and jetting particulate materials 3, collecting bin, in which: air delivery pipe is set as that three sections upward convex and three sections to recessed arc shape pipeline 5,7, and three image recognition detectors 4 are respectively set on recessed arc shape pipeline 7 at each section of air delivery pipe, and Three 4 rears of image recognition detector three blowing mouths are oppositely arranged on recessed arc shape pipeline 7 and sundries, secondary cigarette go out Mouthful, Apparatus for spraying and jetting particulate materials 3 is respectively provided on three blowing mouths, three sundries, the outlet of secondary cigarette are connected with the collecting bin of lower section;
The right end of the air delivery pipe is connected with feed hopper 6, left end and the leaf gas with material import and export 12 and air outlet 13 thereon Separator 2 is connected, and the air outlet 13 of the leaf gas separating device 2 is connected with 1 air inlet of main air blower, and 1 air outlet of main air blower passes through dedusting Device is connected with pipeline (not providing in figure), send power source in order to provide wind;
The collecting bin is arranged 8 and 11 2, and two collecting bins 8,11 include the shell with cavity, on the shell of collecting bin 8 Equipped with a feeding inlet, a sundries, secondary cigarette outlet on the feeding inlet and air delivery pipe are set on the shell of collecting bin 11 There are two feeding inlets, for two feeding inlets respectively with two sundries, the secondary cigarette outlet on air delivery pipe, each housing bottom is equal Equipped with the sundries with valve 9, secondary cigarette outlet;
The shell of the collecting bin 8,11 is equipped with the regulating tuyere being connected with adjusting blower 10, is adjusted by adjusting blower 10 Pressure in collecting bin 8,11, make the pressure and sundries, secondary cigarette outlet top air delivery pipe in pressure be consistent, allow spray Sundries, secondary cigarette can be smoothly blown in collecting bin 8,11 by the compressed air for blowing device blowout;The image recognition detector 4 is Conventional equipment;The Apparatus for spraying and jetting particulate materials 3 is conventional equipment, including nozzle, which is connected by tracheae with air compressor, for mentioning For the compressed air of blowing sundries, secondary cigarette;
The image recognition detector is conventional equipment;
The Apparatus for spraying and jetting particulate materials is conventional equipment, including nozzle, solenoid electric valve, and wherein nozzle is mounted on solenoid electric valve, electromagnetism Control valve is connected by tracheae with compressed air reservoir, for providing the compressed air of blowing sundries, secondary cigarette.
When work, wind send material to be sent into air delivery pipe through entrance 6, under main air blower air draught effect, makes material in circular arc Wind model is completed in crooked pipeline, and raise upward in transmission process by first segment arc shape pipeline 5 when, by centrifugal force Effect is thrown to after the tube wall orderly, to be dispersedly distributed along tube cavity, and first image recognition detector 4 is enable to accurately identify The sundries that is mingled in tobacco leaf out and with the biggish tobacco leaf of established standards color distinction, and will be miscellaneous by first Apparatus for spraying and jetting particulate materials 3 It object and completes level-one tobacco leaf into the first collecting bin 8 with the biggish tobacco leaf blowing of established standards color distinction and sorts, and through valve Door 9 is discharged;When the arc shape pipeline 5 to raise upward using first segment, thrown to after the tube wall by centrifugal force effect along pipeline sky Chamber orderly, is dispersedly distributed, and is identified convenient for second image recognition detector 4, is blown into second collection through second Apparatus for spraying and jetting particulate materials In storehouse 11, when the arc shape pipeline 5 to raise upward using third section, thrown to after the tube wall by centrifugal force effect along tube cavity Orderly, it is dispersedly distributed, is identified convenient for third image recognition detector 4, be blown into second collecting bin through third Apparatus for spraying and jetting particulate materials 3 In 11, completes second level tobacco leaf and sort, and be discharged through valve 9;Qualified tobacco leaf enters with the wind in leaf gas separating device 2, and tobacco leaf is from outlet 12 discharges, wind enters in main air blower 1 through air outlet 13, after 1 air outlet of main air blower, deduster dedusting, is sent into pipeline for circulation Use or as other purposes.

Claims (7)

1. leaf machine, including air delivery pipe are selected in a kind of multistage removal of impurities, image recognition detector on air delivery pipe, blowing are set Device, collecting bin, it is characterised in that it is upward convex and to recessed arc shape pipeline that air delivery pipe is set as several segments, and in air delivery pipe Image recognition detector is set on recessed arc shape pipeline, and at image recognition detector rear to recessed circular arc It is oppositely arranged blowing mouth and sundries, the outlet of secondary cigarette on shape pipeline, is blown on mouth and Apparatus for spraying and jetting particulate materials is set, sundries, the outlet of secondary cigarette and lower section Collecting bin be connected.
2. leaf machine is selected in multistage removal of impurities according to claim 1, it is characterised in that one end of the air delivery pipe and feed hopper Be connected, the other end is connected with the leaf gas separating device thereon with material import and export and air outlet, the air outlet of the leaf gas separating device and Main air blower air inlet is connected, and main air blower air outlet is connected by deduster with pipeline.
3. leaf machine is selected in multistage removal of impurities according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the collecting bin is at least arranged two, each Collecting bin includes the shell with cavity, at least one feeding inlet on shell is arranged in, each feeding inlet send pipe with wind Sundries, secondary cigarette outlet on road, housing bottom are equipped with the sundries with valve, secondary cigarette outlet.
4. leaf machine is selected in multistage removal of impurities according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the inner walls top of the collecting bin is set There is sound absorbing layer.
5. leaf machine is selected in multistage removal of impurities according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the shell of the collecting bin is equipped with and tune Save the connected regulating tuyere of blower.
6. leaf machine is selected in multistage removal of impurities according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the image recognition detector is conventional sets It is standby.
7. leaf machine is selected in multistage removal of impurities according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the Apparatus for spraying and jetting particulate materials is conventional equipment, including spray Mouth, solenoid electric valve, wherein nozzle is mounted on solenoid electric valve, and solenoid electric valve passes through tracheae and compressed air reservoir phase Even.
CN201811446552.XA 2018-11-29 2018-11-29 Leaf machine is selected in a kind of multistage removal of impurities Pending CN109452682A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811446552.XA CN109452682A (en) 2018-11-29 2018-11-29 Leaf machine is selected in a kind of multistage removal of impurities

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811446552.XA CN109452682A (en) 2018-11-29 2018-11-29 Leaf machine is selected in a kind of multistage removal of impurities

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN109452682A true CN109452682A (en) 2019-03-12

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ID=65612088

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201811446552.XA Pending CN109452682A (en) 2018-11-29 2018-11-29 Leaf machine is selected in a kind of multistage removal of impurities

Country Status (1)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112056612A (en) * 2019-11-05 2020-12-11 智思控股集团有限公司 Stem and crutch removing system
CN112971195A (en) * 2019-12-13 2021-06-18 湖南中烟工业有限责任公司 Method and equipment for improving grade of air-separation tobacco leaves by utilizing wind inertia principle

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112056612A (en) * 2019-11-05 2020-12-11 智思控股集团有限公司 Stem and crutch removing system
CN112971195A (en) * 2019-12-13 2021-06-18 湖南中烟工业有限责任公司 Method and equipment for improving grade of air-separation tobacco leaves by utilizing wind inertia principle

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