CN201488481U - Solar drying apparatus for traditional Chinese medicinal materials - Google Patents

Solar drying apparatus for traditional Chinese medicinal materials Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN201488481U
CN201488481U CN2009202227940U CN200920222794U CN201488481U CN 201488481 U CN201488481 U CN 201488481U CN 2009202227940 U CN2009202227940 U CN 2009202227940U CN 200920222794 U CN200920222794 U CN 200920222794U CN 201488481 U CN201488481 U CN 201488481U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
drying
solar
chinese medicine
daylighting
traditional chinese
Prior art date
Application number
CN2009202227940U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
郭成芳
陈垣
陈杰
王骥
李敏骞
王健
Original Assignee
陇西中天药业有限责任公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 陇西中天药业有限责任公司 filed Critical 陇西中天药业有限责任公司
Priority to CN2009202227940U priority Critical patent/CN201488481U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201488481U publication Critical patent/CN201488481U/en

Links

Classifications

    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P70/00Climate change mitigation technologies in the production process for final industrial or consumer products
    • Y02P70/10Greenhouse gas [GHG] capture, material saving, heat recovery or other energy efficient measures, e.g. motor control, characterised by manufacturing processes, e.g. for rolling metal or metal working

Abstract

The utility model relates to a drying apparatus for traditional Chinese medicinal materials, in particular to a high-efficiency, energy-saving and environment-friendly large-size solar drying apparatus for traditional Chinese medicinal materials. The drying apparatus is built by high strength steel and can use the sunlight to the maximum extent and rapidly raise the temperature in a greenhouse. With an automatic moisture removal system added in the structure, the device realizes automation management and solves the problem that the water content in traditional Chinese medicinal materials during drying process exceeds the standard. A top sunlight plate adopts a polycarbonate sheet (PC) with excellent performance, which does not dew and is short in drying period and long in service life. A solar lighting system is internally installed and the drying device can be produced without using any non-renewable energy source.

Description

The Chinese medicine solar drying apparatus
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of Chinese medicine drying device, especially a kind of large-scale Chinese medicine solar drying apparatus of efficient, energy-saving and environmental protection.
Background technology
Solar drying apparatus is used as a kind of new forms of energy, in fields such as flower planting, aquaculture, edible fungus culturing, bringing into play the effect that becomes more and more important, its operation principle mainly is to absorb the solar radiation energy by the top, door and window, wall, ground form the dry place of a sealing, thereby reach heat preservation effect.
Chinese medicine must in time be dried to the safe moisture limit after gathering and processing, and could guarantee the quality of Chinese medicine.Here so-called Chinese medicine " safe moisture " is meant under certain condition, it is stored, the critical moisture content that quality does not morph safely.Dry general solarization method, method of making herbs dry gradually in the shade, baking a heatable brick bed method, FAR INFRARED HEATING seasoning, the micro-wave drying method etc. of using of Chinese medicine.Drying means in the past has the operation inconvenience in addition outward of its unique advantage, drying time is long or dry run control difficulty or problems such as production prices costliness and dry traditional Chinese medicine material Moisture high UCL.This solar drying apparatus good looking appearance, Stability Analysis of Structures can not only dry Chinese medicine, can also dry seed, agricultural product such as vegetables, tobacco.
In addition, the solar drying apparatus majority of China is that daylighting area is at 200m 2Following is middle-size and small-size, especially with small-sized in the majority, can't finish large-scale production.At present, the solar drying apparatus of known maximum is that daylighting area has only 650m 2Solar energy cured meat and fish drying device, secondly be 620M 2Dry demonstration plant of large-sized solar and daylighting area be 500m 2Lian County, Hunan east Confectionery solar drying apparatus.
The utility model content
The utility model provides a kind of large-scale Chinese medicine solar drying apparatus that solves Chinese medicine Moisture high UCL problem, can shorten arid cycle, saves production cost, environmental protection, is fit to enterprise's large-scale production running.
The utility model of reaching above-mentioned purpose specifically comprises following structure.
Bracing frame adopts high strength steel to constitute, and tilts with arch, forms one and is used for dry space, and be fixed in the ground with angle steel, at utmost utilizes sunlight, improves the temperature of drying device fast.
Sunlight board, adopt polycarbonate plate (PC), use bolt, pad, fluid sealant sealing and fixing to form daylighting face towards south on the arch inclined-plane of above-mentioned bracing frame, absorb solar radiation, guarantee the required temperature of drying device, it satisfies following performance indications: light transmission reaches 89%, room light is according to even, the utilization rate height, winter saving energy insulation, cooling in summer dehumidifying.Impact resistant capability is at 30 times of acrylic board, 2~20 times of safety glass.The surface scribbles uvioresistant (UV) coating, has well stopped the destruction of ultraviolet ray to the greenhouse.Proportion is half of glass, and self burning-point is 580 ℃, can adopt clod wash, the bending of hot bending mode, and it is strong to resist exceedingly odious weather ability.Sound insulation is than the high 3~4dB of glass of same thickness, and heat insulation amount is up to 49%, thermal conductivity factor is low, and can save the heating energy consumption winter.Adaptive temperature is-100 ℃~135 ℃, and is stable-40 ℃~120 ℃ every physical indexs, the good dewfall not of heat-insulating property when 23 ℃ of 0 ℃ of indoor temperatures of outdoor temperature, and service life is more than 10 years.
Automatic dehumidification system, be provided with the humiture inductor at seat placed in the middle, the top of dry place, vent window and ventilation blower before the leading section of dry place is provided with, at the top of dry place vent window and exhaust fan are set, the switch of the switch of vent window and last vent window and ventilation blower, exhaust fan before utilizing the induction of humiture inductor to control, the automatic management of implement device, thereby the problem of solution dry run Chinese medicine Moisture high UCL.And, drip material by the nothing that described automatic dehumidification system and sunlight board adopt, guarantee not dewfall of drying device inside.
The solar energy electrotype is set on the solar illuminating system, daylighting face absorbs solar radiation, convert solar energy to electric energy, satisfy the lighting demand of drying device, reach purpose of energy saving.
And, described Chinese medicine solar drying apparatus, office of the western and eastern, mainly based on daylighting in the south, the facility area reaches 720m 2More than, daylighting area reaches 900m 2More than, belong to the large-sized solar drying device in the world.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is daylighting surface construction figure of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is a structure side view of the present utility model;
Fig. 3 is a sunlight board construction drawing of the present utility model;
Fig. 4 is a structure chart of going up vent window of the present utility model.
The reference numeral explanation
1 bracing frame, 2 sunlight board
Vent window before the 3 humiture inductors 4
Vent window on 5 ventilation blowers 6
7 ventilation fans, 8 solar energy electrotypes
9 angle steel, 10 fluid sealants
11 bolts, 12 pads
13 catch ring 14 steel wire ropes
15 pulleys, 16 hinges
The specific embodiment
Followingly the utility model is described with reference to accompanying drawing.Fig. 1 is daylighting surface construction figure of the present utility model, and Fig. 2 is a structure side view of the present utility model, and Fig. 3 is a sunlight board construction drawing of the present utility model.
As Fig. 1, Fig. 2, shown in Figure 3, the bracing frame 1 by high strength steel constitutes tilts with arch, is formed for dry space, and is fixed in the ground with angle steel 9.Above-mentioned bracing frame 1 is arranged with east-west direction on ground, arch inclined-plane Chao Nan, and the facility area reaches 720m 2More than.Above-mentioned bracing frame 1 the arch inclined-plane, use fluid sealant 10, bolt 11, pad 12 sealing and fixing sunlight board 2 to form the daylighting face of drying devices, absorb solar radiation, guarantee the required temperature of drying device.Above-mentioned sunlight board 2 adopts polycarbonate plate (PC), and the daylighting face of drying device reaches 900m 2More than.
As shown in Figure 2, in the middle position, dry place top that bracing frame 1 forms, humiture inductor 3 is set, vent window 4 and ventilation blower 5 before the leading section of dry place is provided with, vent window 6 and exhaust fan 7 are set at the top of dry place, the switch of the switch of vent window 4 and last vent window 6 and ventilation blower 5, exhaust fan 7 before utilizing the induction of humiture inductor 3 to control, the automatic management of implement device.
Middle front part at above-mentioned daylighting face is provided with solar energy electrotype 8, utilizes solar energy electrotype 8 to convert solar energy to electric energy, satisfies the lighting demand of drying device.
Fig. 4 is a structure chart of going up vent window of the present utility model.An end of going up vent window 6 as shown in the figure is connected the top of bracing frame 1 by hinge 16, and the other end is that the center is turning and catch ring 13 ends fixed thereon with the tie point of hinge 16.Steel wire rope 14 is fixed on above-mentioned catching on the ring 13, and goes up vent window 6 by pulley 15 pullings, finishes the Kai Heguan of vent window 6.
Embodiment
Below the embodiment of effect assessment of the present utility model is described.
Embodiment 1
Select the uniform place of solar radiation that the sun dehydration device of certain area is set, the drying device and simulate Chinese medicine solar drying apparatus of the present utility model of drying in the shade of the same area is set again.In three drying devices, carry out the Radix Angelicae Sinensis drying simultaneously, the variations in temperature in 3 drying devices is measured.Measurement result is as shown in table 1.
Table 1
Minute The sun dehydration device Drying device dries in the shade Solar drying apparatus
??8:20 ??8℃ ??13℃ ??14℃
??12:00 ??18℃ ??14℃ ??28℃
??14:00 ??30℃ ??14℃ ??36℃
??16:00 ??27℃ ??13℃ ??34℃
??18:00 ??21℃ ??13℃ ??28℃
Mean daily temperature ??20.8℃ ??13.4℃ ??28℃
According to table 1 as can be seen, than the temperature height of sun dehydration device with the drying device that dries in the shade, mean daily temperature also exceeds 7.2 ℃ than sun dehydration device to the temperature of solar drying apparatus, can improve drying efficiency always.
Embodiment 2
Three drying devices of embodiment 1 are added 40 ℃ of bake drying devices, carry out the Radix Angelicae Sinensis drying simultaneously.Measure drying time and dry back moisture, its result is as shown in table 2.
Table 2
Drying device Drying time Moisture Remarks
Exposure to Sunlight ??32h ??7.4%
Dry in the shade ??30h ??9.5%
40 ℃ of oven dry ??10h ??8.7% 10 ° of power consumption
Solar energy ??28h ??8.2%
According to table 2 as can be seen, on drying time, solar drying apparatus is all lacked than Exposure to Sunlight, the drying device that dries in the shade, though longer than drying time of 40 ℃ of bake drying devices, 40 ℃ of bake drying devices need consume 10 °.Dry in the shade in moisture aspect, solar drying apparatus ratio, 40 ℃ of bake drying devices are all low.

Claims (5)

1. a Chinese medicine solar drying apparatus is characterized in that, this structure comprises: the bracing frame that adopts high strength steel to be built into; The sunlight board that adopts polycarbonate plate (PC) to constitute; Be equipped with automatic dehumidification system; The embedded with solar illuminator.
2. Chinese medicine solar drying apparatus as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, support frame as described above, and the daylighting high strength steel constitutes, and tilts with arch, constitutes one and is used for dry space.
3. Chinese medicine solar drying apparatus as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, described automatic dehumidification system, middle position, top at dry place is provided with the humiture inductor, vent window and ventilation blower before the leading section of dry place is provided with are provided with vent window and exhaust fan are housed at the top of dry place.
4. Chinese medicine solar drying apparatus as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, the solar energy electrotype is set on the daylighting face, absorbs solar radiation.
5. Chinese medicine solar drying apparatus as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, the thing layout, and mainly based on daylighting in the south, the facility area reaches 720m 2More than, daylighting area reaches 900m 2More than.
CN2009202227940U 2009-09-18 2009-09-18 Solar drying apparatus for traditional Chinese medicinal materials CN201488481U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009202227940U CN201488481U (en) 2009-09-18 2009-09-18 Solar drying apparatus for traditional Chinese medicinal materials

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009202227940U CN201488481U (en) 2009-09-18 2009-09-18 Solar drying apparatus for traditional Chinese medicinal materials

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN201488481U true CN201488481U (en) 2010-05-26

Family

ID=42427357

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2009202227940U CN201488481U (en) 2009-09-18 2009-09-18 Solar drying apparatus for traditional Chinese medicinal materials

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN201488481U (en)

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102793253A (en) * 2012-08-02 2012-11-28 四川南充首创科技开发有限公司 Integral greenhouse type solar red jujube drying room
CN103994640A (en) * 2014-04-25 2014-08-20 贵州三泓药业股份有限公司 Radix pseudostellariae drying device
CN104501535A (en) * 2013-07-25 2015-04-08 文山苗乡三七科技有限公司 A method for drying pseudo-ginseng
CN104596203A (en) * 2013-11-01 2015-05-06 李钢 Drying system of traditional Chinese herbal medicines
CN104930827A (en) * 2015-05-27 2015-09-23 无锡市崇安区科技创业服务中心 Intelligent airing and drying device
CN109055626A (en) * 2018-08-02 2018-12-21 哈哈驴(天津)国际贸易有限公司 Donkey hide processing method and process flow before a kind of tanning donkey-hide gelatin

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102793253A (en) * 2012-08-02 2012-11-28 四川南充首创科技开发有限公司 Integral greenhouse type solar red jujube drying room
CN104501535A (en) * 2013-07-25 2015-04-08 文山苗乡三七科技有限公司 A method for drying pseudo-ginseng
CN104596203A (en) * 2013-11-01 2015-05-06 李钢 Drying system of traditional Chinese herbal medicines
CN104596203B (en) * 2013-11-01 2016-08-31 李钢 Chinese medicinal material drying dry systems
CN103994640A (en) * 2014-04-25 2014-08-20 贵州三泓药业股份有限公司 Radix pseudostellariae drying device
CN104930827A (en) * 2015-05-27 2015-09-23 无锡市崇安区科技创业服务中心 Intelligent airing and drying device
CN109055626A (en) * 2018-08-02 2018-12-21 哈哈驴(天津)国际贸易有限公司 Donkey hide processing method and process flow before a kind of tanning donkey-hide gelatin
CN109055626B (en) * 2018-08-02 2020-09-22 哈哈驴(天津)国际贸易有限公司 Donkey hide processing method and process flow before donkey hide boiling

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN102818434B (en) Drying unit of nitrogen-source heat pump
CN103099302B (en) For the intelligent power saving dehumidifying integral type barn of flue-cured tobacco
CN201467972U (en) Solar tobacco leaf drying device
CN201355177Y (en) Device for utilizing solar energy to dry panax pseudoginseng
CN105981613A (en) Novel energy-saving greenhouse
CN203416802U (en) Intelligent energy-saving and humidity-removal integrated curing barn for cured tobaccos
CN201896377U (en) Breathing wall body
CN102645095A (en) Intelligent electric heating drier
CN205547285U (en) Dried persimmon drying device
CN203848526U (en) Novel solar drying system
CN202179004U (en) Ventilating device for agricultural greenhouse
CN201740153U (en) Ventilation system for buildings
CN205279634U (en) Board -like timber drying apparatus of hot -blast two -way flow
CN204388483U (en) A kind of Multifunctional drier
CN204574540U (en) A kind of active solar air heat collection system combined with passive type
CN101144683B (en) Solar energy hot air current heated and material dried method produced by power-free style
CN203120887U (en) Drying box for tea leaves
CN201274737Y (en) Solar energy drying for drying seafood
CN204579872U (en) A kind of high temperature heat pump waste heat recovery tobacco flue-curing house
CN203814556U (en) Multilayer box-type reversed hot air drying device for drying medlar
CN104776694A (en) Central bidirectional-circulating temperature control and humidity control drier
CN201563588U (en) Solar-energy auxiliary heating heat pump curing barn
CN201860730U (en) Intelligent baking system
CN203116471U (en) Tunnel drying machine
CN204860342U (en) Intelligence warmhouse booth

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CX01 Expiry of patent term

Granted publication date: 20100526

CX01 Expiry of patent term