CN201487536U - Metal hydride hydrogen storage device with safeguarding structure - Google Patents

Metal hydride hydrogen storage device with safeguarding structure Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201487536U
CN201487536U CN2009200454121U CN200920045412U CN201487536U CN 201487536 U CN201487536 U CN 201487536U CN 2009200454121 U CN2009200454121 U CN 2009200454121U CN 200920045412 U CN200920045412 U CN 200920045412U CN 201487536 U CN201487536 U CN 201487536U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
metal hydride
hydrogen storage
hydrogen
storage unit
safety protection
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2009200454121U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘振泰
曾壎
沈建跃
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WUXI SUNFUEL ENERGY TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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WUXI SUNFUEL ENERGY TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E60/00Enabling technologies; Technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02E60/30Hydrogen technology
    • Y02E60/32Hydrogen storage
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E60/00Enabling technologies; Technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02E60/30Hydrogen technology
    • Y02E60/34Hydrogen distribution

Abstract

A metal hydride hydrogen storage device with a safeguarding structure is composed of a storage container shell body, hydrogen storage alloy powder, heat conducting agent, anti-expansion agent, a hydrogen diversion component, a multifunctional integrated bottle plug and a reducing valve, wherein the multifunctional integrated bottle plug is a novel connector integrated with a switch valve, a filter and a safeguarding structure. The medal hydride hydrogen storage device can be used independently, or multiple hydrogen storage devices can be grouped through a bus bar for different hydrogen quantity demanded. The metal hydride hydrogen storage device has high volume ratio and hydrogen storage intensity, low balance pressure and safe use, is applicable to both industry and civil use and brings hydrogen application to daily life of people. When the internal gas is inflated excessively or the heat expansion pressure increases to reach the preset pressure higher threshold value, the safeguarding structure of the multifunctional integrated bottle plug can automatically induct and rapidly release gas for reducing pressure so that the crack or explosion of the bottle body is prevented and the use safety is accordingly improved.

Description

A kind of metal hydride hydrogen storage unit that has safety protection structure
Technical field:
The utility model belongs to the hydrogen storage technology in Hydrogen Energy field, particularly a kind of metal hydride hydrogen storage unit that has safety protection structure.
Background technique:
Hydrogen Energy is as a kind of very superior secondary energy and clean energy resource, and its major advantage has: the combustion heat value height, the heat after the burning of every kg of hydrogen is about 3 times of gasoline, 3.9 times of alcohol, 4.5 times of coke.The product of burning is a water, is the cleanest in the world energy.Aboundresources, hydrogen can be produced by water, and water is rich in natural resources the most on the earth, historical romance the classical processes of recycling, the sustainable development of natural material.Simultaneously, Hydrogen Energy is as " contain can physical efficiency source ", has the characteristic of gasoline, direct storage that diesel oil is the same, transportation, use, and overcome the defective that " process performance sources " such as electric energy can't directly store in a large number.
The storage of hydrogen and conveying are the important steps during Hydrogen Energy is utilized.Because the flammability of hydrogen, easy diffusivity and in light weight, thus its store with carry in safe, efficient and not have leakage loss be the top-priority in actual applications problems of people.Five kinds of storage hydrogen methods are roughly arranged in the industry practical application: (1) normal pressure is stored; (2) high-pressure bottle; (3) liquid hydrogen is stored; (4) metal hydride mode; (5) absorption is stored.Wherein traditional banking system exists the volume hydrogen-storage density low, and is high to using container performance to require, and has defectives such as explosion risk; Advantages such as and hydride hydrogen-storing has volume ratio hydrogen-storage density height, and balance pressure is low, and is safe in utilization can be used for industry and civilian simultaneously, thereby make Hydrogen Energy come into our daily life.
Existing metal hydride hydrogen storage unit, inside is filled with the hydride hydrogen-storing material, when the hydride hydrogen-storing material is inhaled hydrogen, it is big that its unit cell volume becomes, unit cell volume shrinks when putting hydrogen, storage hydrogen device also will expand contraction deformation thereupon, as the filler inequality, also will cause container different parts discontinuity, and the hydride hydrogen-storing material to inhale the process put hydrogen be the process of a heat exchange, overcharge with thermal expansion all to make the metal hydride hydrogen storage unit local compression excessive and cause bottle explosion or blast.Therefore, certain special construction also need be arranged to eliminate this potential safety hazard on metal hydride hydrogen storage unit.
Summary of the invention:
In order to overcome the part potential safety hazard of the deficiencies in the prior art and existence, the purpose of this utility model provides a kind of novel metal hydride hydrogen storage unit that has safety protection structure.This hydrogen-storing device is simple in structure, and is with low cost, easy to install, and the hydrogen that the mesohigh hydrogen production plant by water electrolysis produces directly jar is charged in this device.When the device internal gas overcharges or thermal expansion stresses when increasing to predefined pressure ceiling value; safety protection structure in the multifunctional integrated formula bottle stopper will be responded to and venting decompression fast automatically; prevent that bottle from breaking or exploding, thereby improved the Security in the using process.
The utility model adopts following technological scheme: a kind of novel metal hydride hydrogen storage unit that has safety protection structure; mainly be made up of storage vessel housing, hydrogen-bearing alloy powder, heat guiding agent, antiswelling agent, hydrogen flow guide member, multifunctional integrated formula bottle stopper, reduction valve etc., wherein multifunctional integrated formula bottle stopper is that collection switch valve, filter and safety protection structure are the novel connector of one.Be characterized in: hydrogen flow guide member, hydrogen-bearing alloy powder, heat guiding agent and antiswelling agent place in the housing of storage vessel, and storage vessel housing, multifunctional integrated formula bottle stopper, seal washer and reduction valve adopt the compression seal mode to be connected.Also this metal hydride hydrogen storage unit can be passed through the cylinder manifold layout in groups, to satisfy different hydrogen demand amounts.
The described metal hydride hydrogen storage unit that has safety protection structure is characterized in: storage vessel housing, multifunctional integrated formula bottle stopper all adopt stainless steel, and storage vessel housing external diameter is 5~100mm.
The described metal hydride hydrogen storage unit that has safety protection structure; be characterized in: when the device internal gas overcharges or thermal expansion stresses increases to predefined pressure ceiling value (5~15MPa) time; safety protection structure in the multifunctional integrated formula bottle stopper will be responded to and venting decompression fast automatically; prevent that bottle from breaking or exploding, thereby improved the Security in the using process.
The described metal hydride hydrogen storage unit that has safety protection structure is characterized in: storage vessel housing, multifunctional integrated formula bottle stopper, seal washer and reduction valve adopt the compression seal mode to be connected.
The described metal hydride hydrogen storage unit that has safety protection structure; be characterized in: the hydrogen flow guide member adopts the net metal preparation; its material is one or more in titanium and alloy, aluminium and alloy thereof, calcium and alloy thereof, iron and alloy thereof, nickel and the alloy thereof, and flexible.
The described metal hydride hydrogen storage unit that has safety protection structure is characterized in: filter is the sintering body of Stainless Steel Powder, copper powder of sheet etc., prevents that hydrogen-bearing alloy powder from entering gas circuit.
The described metal hydride hydrogen storage unit that has safety protection structure is characterized in: the hydride hydrogen-storing alloy powder is Rare Earth Lanthanum nickel (AB 5Type), magnesium is alloy (A 2Type B), a certain in the alloys such as ferro-titanium (AB type) or TiV solid solution alloy.
The described metal hydride hydrogen storage unit that has safety protection structure is characterized in: the material of heat guiding agent is calcium, aluminium or its alloy; Antiswelling agent adopts the aluminum alloy fiber silk.
The described metal hydride hydrogen storage unit that has safety protection structure is characterized in: can this metal hydride hydrogen storage unit be passed through the cylinder manifold layout in groups according to the different demands to hydrogen.
Description of drawings:
Fig. 1 is the structural drawing of the novel metal hydride hydrogen storage unit that has safety protection structure.
Among the figure, 1-reduction valve, the multifunctional integrated formula bottle stopper of 2-, 3-filter, 4-storage vessel housing, 5-safety protection structure, 6-switch valve, 7-hydrogen flow guide member, 8-packing (comprising hydrogen-bearing alloy powder, heat guiding agent and antiswelling agent).
Embodiment:
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing the utility model is described further.
Embodiment 1
The metal hydride hydrogen storage unit of the utility model band safety protection, its internal structure and profile are: stainless steel storage vessel housing 4, external diameter 51mm, long 295mm.Netted hydrogen flow guide member 7 is that aluminum is done, diameter 5mm, and long 225mm, is placed in the cylindrical shell by 1.Filling AB 5Type LaNi 5Hydrogen-bearing alloy powder 1400g.The heat guiding agent that be equipped with inside adopts the calloy preparation, and antiswelling agent adopts the aluminum alloy fiber silk.Storage vessel housing 4, multifunctional integrated formula bottle stopper 2, seal washer and reduction valve 1 adopt the compression seal mode to be connected.Connecting head is equipped with filter 3, and filter is the sintering body of the Stainless Steel Powder of sheet, prevents that hydrogen-bearing alloy powder from entering gas circuit.Safety protection structure 5 is equipped with at connecting head place at hydrogen outlet; when internal pressure increases to predefined pressure 5MPa; safety protection structure in the multifunctional integrated formula bottle stopper will be responded to and venting decompression fast automatically, and the assurance device internal pressure is within safety range.
Embodiment 2
The metal hydride hydrogen storage unit of the utility model band safety protection, its internal structure and profile are: stainless steel storage vessel housing 4, external diameter 81mm, long 335mm.Netted hydrogen flow guide member 7 is that aluminum is done, diameter 8mm, and long 255mm, is placed in the cylindrical shell by 1.Filling AB 5Type LaNi 5Hydrogen-bearing alloy powder 3600g.The heat guiding agent that be equipped with inside adopts pure calcium preparation, and antiswelling agent adopts the aluminum alloy fiber silk.Storage vessel housing 4, multifunctional integrated formula bottle stopper 2, seal washer and reduction valve 1 adopt the compression seal mode to be connected.Connecting head is equipped with filter 3, and filter is the sintering body of the Stainless Steel Powder of sheet, prevents that hydrogen-bearing alloy powder from entering gas circuit.Safety protection structure 5 is equipped with at connecting head place at hydrogen outlet; when internal pressure increases to predefined pressure 10MPa; safety protection structure in the multifunctional integrated formula bottle stopper will be responded to and venting decompression fast automatically, and the assurance device internal pressure is within safety range.
In addition, with this metal hydride hydrogen storage unit in groups by the cylinder manifold layout, also within the protection domain of this patent.

Claims (9)

1. novel metal hydride hydrogen storage unit that has safety protection structure, it is characterized in that: be made up of storage vessel housing, hydrogen-bearing alloy powder, heat guiding agent, antiswelling agent, hydrogen flow guide member, multifunctional integrated formula bottle stopper, reduction valve etc., wherein multifunctional integrated formula bottle stopper is that collection switch valve, filter and safety protection structure are the novel connector of one; Hydrogen flow guide member, hydrogen-bearing alloy powder, heat guiding agent and antiswelling agent place in the housing of storage vessel, and storage vessel housing, multifunctional integrated formula bottle stopper, seal washer and reduction valve adopt the compression seal mode to be connected; Also this metal hydride hydrogen storage unit can be passed through the cylinder manifold layout in groups, to satisfy different hydrogen demand amounts.
2. the metal hydride hydrogen storage unit that has safety protection structure according to claim 1 is characterized in that: storage vessel housing, multifunctional integrated formula bottle stopper all adopt stainless steel, and storage vessel housing external diameter is 5~100mm.
3. the metal hydride hydrogen storage unit that has safety protection structure according to claim 1; it is characterized in that: when the device internal gas overcharges or thermal expansion stresses increases to predefined pressure ceiling value (5~15MPa) time, the safety protection structure in the multifunctional integrated formula bottle stopper will be responded to and venting decompression fast automatically.
4. the metal hydride hydrogen storage unit that has safety protection structure according to claim 1 is characterized in that: storage vessel housing, multifunctional integrated formula bottle stopper, seal washer and reduction valve adopt the compression seal mode to be connected.
5. the metal hydride hydrogen storage unit that has safety protection structure according to claim 1; it is characterized in that: the hydrogen flow guide member adopts the net metal preparation; its material is one or more in titanium and alloy, aluminium and alloy thereof, calcium and alloy thereof, iron and alloy thereof, nickel and the alloy thereof, and flexible.
6. the metal hydride hydrogen storage unit that has safety protection structure according to claim 1 is characterized in that: filter is the sintering body of Stainless Steel Powder, copper powder of sheet etc., prevents that hydrogen-bearing alloy powder from entering gas circuit.
7. the metal hydride hydrogen storage unit that has safety protection structure according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the hydride hydrogen-storing alloy powder is Rare Earth Lanthanum nickel (AB 5Type), magnesium is alloy (A 2Type B), a certain in the alloys such as ferro-titanium (AB type) or TiV solid solution alloy.
8. the metal hydride hydrogen storage unit that has safety protection structure according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the material of heat guiding agent is calcium, aluminium or its alloy; Antiswelling agent adopts the aluminum alloy fiber silk.
9. the metal hydride hydrogen storage unit that has safety protection structure according to claim 1 is characterized in that: can this metal hydride hydrogen storage unit be passed through the cylinder manifold layout in groups according to the different demands to hydrogen.
CN2009200454121U 2009-05-19 2009-05-19 Metal hydride hydrogen storage device with safeguarding structure Expired - Fee Related CN201487536U (en)

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Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103972540A (en) * 2014-04-03 2014-08-06 上海华篷防爆科技有限公司 Power generating device provided with hydrogen storage tank made of iron-based porous metallic material
CN103972571A (en) * 2014-04-03 2014-08-06 上海华篷防爆科技有限公司 Solid hydrogen power generation device containing polymer electrolyte membrane
CN103972539A (en) * 2014-04-03 2014-08-06 上海华篷防爆科技有限公司 Solid hydrogen energy device provided with fluorine polymer electrolyte membrane
CN103972564A (en) * 2014-04-03 2014-08-06 上海华篷防爆科技有限公司 Generating device provided with hydrogen storage tank adopting stainless steel composite material
CN103968243A (en) * 2014-04-03 2014-08-06 上海华篷防爆科技有限公司 Hydrogen storage device made of iron-based porous metal composite material
CN103972560A (en) * 2014-04-03 2014-08-06 上海华篷防爆科技有限公司 Solid hydrogen energy device provided with polymer electrolyte membrane
CN103968238A (en) * 2014-04-03 2014-08-06 上海华篷防爆科技有限公司 Hydrogen storage device made of iron-base alloy composite material
CN103968244A (en) * 2014-04-03 2014-08-06 上海华篷防爆科技有限公司 Hydrogen storage device prepared by silver cadmium oxide composite material
CN103968239A (en) * 2014-04-03 2014-08-06 上海华篷防爆科技有限公司 Copper-base alloy hydrogen storage device
CN103968232A (en) * 2014-04-03 2014-08-06 上海华篷防爆科技有限公司 Stainless steel hydrogen storage device
CN106524217A (en) * 2015-09-12 2017-03-22 朱天悦 Gas anti-explosion safety device
CN106787139A (en) * 2016-12-27 2017-05-31 北京有色金属研究总院 A kind of hydrogen-preparing hydrogen-storing backup power system of fuel cell for communication base station
CN107104255A (en) * 2011-02-28 2017-08-29 尼古拉斯·基恩 Energy unit with safety and stable storing hydrogen
CN110542278A (en) * 2019-07-30 2019-12-06 杭州蓝捷氢能科技有限公司 Hydrogen liquefaction device

Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107104255A (en) * 2011-02-28 2017-08-29 尼古拉斯·基恩 Energy unit with safety and stable storing hydrogen
CN103968238A (en) * 2014-04-03 2014-08-06 上海华篷防爆科技有限公司 Hydrogen storage device made of iron-base alloy composite material
CN103968239A (en) * 2014-04-03 2014-08-06 上海华篷防爆科技有限公司 Copper-base alloy hydrogen storage device
CN103972564A (en) * 2014-04-03 2014-08-06 上海华篷防爆科技有限公司 Generating device provided with hydrogen storage tank adopting stainless steel composite material
CN103968243A (en) * 2014-04-03 2014-08-06 上海华篷防爆科技有限公司 Hydrogen storage device made of iron-based porous metal composite material
CN103972560A (en) * 2014-04-03 2014-08-06 上海华篷防爆科技有限公司 Solid hydrogen energy device provided with polymer electrolyte membrane
CN103972540A (en) * 2014-04-03 2014-08-06 上海华篷防爆科技有限公司 Power generating device provided with hydrogen storage tank made of iron-based porous metallic material
CN103968244A (en) * 2014-04-03 2014-08-06 上海华篷防爆科技有限公司 Hydrogen storage device prepared by silver cadmium oxide composite material
CN103972539A (en) * 2014-04-03 2014-08-06 上海华篷防爆科技有限公司 Solid hydrogen energy device provided with fluorine polymer electrolyte membrane
CN103968232A (en) * 2014-04-03 2014-08-06 上海华篷防爆科技有限公司 Stainless steel hydrogen storage device
CN103968244B (en) * 2014-04-03 2016-09-14 上海华篷防爆科技有限公司 Hydrogen-storing device prepared by a kind of Agcdo composite
CN103972571A (en) * 2014-04-03 2014-08-06 上海华篷防爆科技有限公司 Solid hydrogen power generation device containing polymer electrolyte membrane
CN106524217A (en) * 2015-09-12 2017-03-22 朱天悦 Gas anti-explosion safety device
CN106787139A (en) * 2016-12-27 2017-05-31 北京有色金属研究总院 A kind of hydrogen-preparing hydrogen-storing backup power system of fuel cell for communication base station
CN110542278A (en) * 2019-07-30 2019-12-06 杭州蓝捷氢能科技有限公司 Hydrogen liquefaction device

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Granted publication date: 20100526

Termination date: 20130519