CN103968238A - Hydrogen storage device made of iron-base alloy composite material - Google Patents

Hydrogen storage device made of iron-base alloy composite material Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103968238A
CN103968238A CN201410132574.4A CN201410132574A CN103968238A CN 103968238 A CN103968238 A CN 103968238A CN 201410132574 A CN201410132574 A CN 201410132574A CN 103968238 A CN103968238 A CN 103968238A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
hydrogen
storage
solid state
storing device
hydrogen storage
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Pending
Application number
CN201410132574.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
黄晓东
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Shanghai Huapeng Explosion Proof Technology Co Ltd
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Shanghai Huapeng Explosion Proof Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201410132574.4A priority Critical patent/CN103968238A/en
Publication of CN103968238A publication Critical patent/CN103968238A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E60/00Enabling technologies; Technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02E60/30Hydrogen technology
    • Y02E60/32Hydrogen storage
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E60/00Enabling technologies; Technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02E60/30Hydrogen technology
    • Y02E60/50Fuel cells
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P90/00Enabling technologies with a potential contribution to greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions mitigation
    • Y02P90/45Hydrogen technologies in production processes

Abstract

A solid hydrogen power generating device comprises a hydrogen storage device, a hydrogen supply device, a power generating battery device and the like, wherein the hydrogen storage device comprises a hydrogen storage cylinder containing hydrogen storage particles, the average diameter of each hydrogen storage particle ranges from 20 mu m to 200 mu m, and each hydrogen storage particle is provided with an internal cavity surrounded by a porous wall; an air hole is formed in one end of the hydrogen storage cylinder, and a filter is arranged in the air hole; and a casing of the hydrogen storage cylinder comprises an iron-base alloy liner and a carbon fiber enhancement layer.

Description

A kind of hydrogen-storing device of ferrous alloy composite material
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of novel energy, especially a kind of solid state hydrogen battery, is specifically related to hydrogen-storing device.
Background technique
The power of automobile generally uses fuel oil at present, and because petroleum resources are limited, people have to seek new alternative energy source, for example electric energy, solar energy etc.As the substitute of vehicle fuel, comprise known liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) and LNG Liquefied natural gas.Use the harmful gas of motor vehicle emission of these substitutes relatively less, but still fail fundamentally to solve the problem of the energy and pollution.
Hydrogen more and more comes into one's own as the application of fuel, and the hydrogen of gaseous state is very easy to blast.In hydrogen powered vehicle field, hydrogen can be stored in the on-board high-voltage container of the traffic tool.Such storage system efficiency in volume level is not high, and for example, due to storage overpressure, 5,000-10, the about 350-700 Bar of 000psi() air pressure, thereby there is potential safety hazard.
Summary of the invention
In order to realize above object, the present invention proposes a kind of solid state hydrogen electricity generating device, using solid state hydrogen as the energy, solid state hydrogen is converted into electric energy, with the acting of electric energy drive motor.This solid state hydrogen electricity generating device, by supporting relevant auxiliary device, as hydrogen-storing device, hydrogen feeding mechanism, generating battery device etc., is realized the object of saving fuel oil and reducing toxic emission.
Described hydrogen-storing device comprises storage hydrogen bottle, and storage hydrogen bottle contains storage hydrogen particle, and this storage hydrogen particle can, by the hydrogen after activation, store with solid-state form, and disengages the hydrogen of storage in the time of heat absorption.Described storage hydrogen particle have by porous wall around internal cavities.One end of storage hydrogen bottle is provided with pore, is provided with filter in pore.Filter is made by metal powder sintered moulding or by the micro-close net of stainless steel, can allow hydrogen circulation and filters and stop other gas and impurity to enter in storage hydrogen bottle.In the time hydrogen being injected to storage hydrogen bottle, hydrogen enters storage hydrogen bottle inside through filter, now store up the storage hydrogen particle that hydrogen bottle contains and absorb rapidly hydrogen, after overactivation, a large amount of hydrogen molecules are changed into solid state hydrogen and are stored in hydrogen bottle inside, hydrogen is no longer stored with the form of high-pressure gaseous, thereby reach safety in transportation and storage object.
The solid state hydrogen that described hydrogen feeding mechanism can store storage hydrogen particle by the air pipe at storage hydrogen bottle pore place divides submode to disengage with Gaseous Hydrogen, sends into generating battery device.
Described generating battery device and general battery structure are similar, are adopted material difference.This device overlaps to form generating battery device with the Porous hydrogen fuel utmost point (anode) and air pole (negative electrode) and polymer dielectric film.At anode, hydrogen is decomposed into hydrogen ion (proton) and electronics, and polymer dielectric film only allows proton to pass and the negative electrode that arrives, and electronics moves on to negative electrode along external circuit, carries out chemical reaction become water (H2O) at negative electrode and oxygen.In electronics moving process, obtain electric energy.
Hydrogen storage technology provided by the invention and electricity generating device have solved the existing series of problems of gaseous state storing mode effectively, have replenished the blank of this technical field, have novelty.This hydrogen storage technology and electricity generating device can be used for the various traffic tool, and the features such as, transitory efficient safe and reliable with it, economic convenient, environmental protection and energy saving, have vast potential for future development.Use solid state hydrogen can solve as the energy environmental pollution that oil discharging waste gas causes, and use solid state hydrogen can reduce costs as the energy.
The said storage hydrogen of above-mentioned hydrogen-storing device bottle contains storage hydrogen particle, and the average diameter of this storage hydrogen particle is 20 microns to 200 microns, have by porous wall around internal cavities.One end at storage hydrogen bottle is provided with pore, is provided with filter in pore.The housing of described storage hydrogen bottle comprises ferrous alloy inner bag and carbon fiber enhancement layer, the wall thickness 1-10 millimeter of described inner bag, preferably 7-9 millimeter.
Further, the average diameter of described storage hydrogen particle is 50 microns to 80 microns.
Further, described storage hydrogen particle is CNT, nano-glass ball, nano ceramics.The mixture of nano zeolite, nanofiber or these materials.
Further, described storage hydrogen particle has the wall thickness of 1 to 30 micron, preferably the wall thickness of 1 to 10 micron.
Further, the wall of described storage hydrogen particle is porous wall, and the aperture in described porous wall is 50 dust-1000 dusts, and preferably the aperture in porous wall is 200 dust-500 dusts.
Further, described filter is made up of metal powder sintered moulding, or is made up of the micro-close net of stainless steel, and contains Metal Palladium.
Further, the thickness of described carbon fiber enhancement layer is 0.5-5mm.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is solid state hydrogen electricity generating device schematic diagram of the present invention.
1 storage hydrogen bottle in figure, 2 oxygen-storage devices, 3 generating battery devices, 12 storage hydrogen bottle pores, 13 filters, 22 oxygen-storage device pores, the electric energy delivery outlet of 31 generating battery devices.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the present invention is described in more detail.
Figure 1 shows that solid state hydrogen electricity generating device schematic diagram of the present invention.This device comprises storage hydrogen bottle 1, oxygen-storage device 2 and generating battery device 3.Storage hydrogen bottle 1 is connected with generating battery device 3 with oxygen-storage device pore 22 by storage hydrogen bottle pore 12 respectively with oxygen-storage device 2, the storage hydrogen bottle pore 12 interior filters 13 that arrange, and the electric energy delivery outlet 31 of generating battery device is connected with motor.
Described storage hydrogen bottle 1 contains storage hydrogen particle, and storage hydrogen bottle 1 pore 12 is connected with generating battery device 3.
Described oxygen-storage device 2 internal reservoir oxygen, oxygen-storage device 2 pores 22 are connected with generating battery device 3.
Described generating battery device 3 is built up generating battery device with the Porous hydrogen fuel utmost point (anode) and air pole (negative electrode) and polymer dielectric film, and electric energy is connected with motor by electric energy delivery outlet 31.
The average diameter of described storage hydrogen particle is 20 microns to 200 microns, preferably 50 microns to 80 microns.
Described storage hydrogen particle can be CNT, nano-glass ball, nano ceramics.The mixture of nano zeolite, nanofiber or these materials.This storage hydrogen particle has 1 to 30 micron, preferably the wall thickness of 1 to 10 micron.
The wall of described storage hydrogen particle is porous wall, and the aperture in described porous wall is 50 dust-1000 dusts, preferably 200 dust-500 dusts.
Described filter 13 is made up of metal powder sintered moulding or is made up of the micro-close net of stainless steel, and described filter contains Metal Palladium.
The housing of described storage hydrogen bottle comprises ferrous alloy inner bag and carbon fiber enhancement layer, the wall thickness 1-10 millimeter of described inner bag, preferably 7-9 millimeter.
Solid state hydrogen electricity generating device of the present invention can reduce costs hydrogen as the energy, solves the environmental pollution that oil discharging waste gas causes.Described hydrogen-storing device can reach safety in transportation and storage object, for using hydrogen energy source that technical support is provided.
Embodiment 1
The ferrous alloy that use contains following quality % chemical element is prepared the storage hydrogen bottle inner bag of solid state hydrogen hydrogen-storing device of the present invention, chromium 25, nickel 4, manganese 2.5, silicon 1, carbon 0.5, nitrogen 0.3, and the iron of surplus.The wall thickness of storage hydrogen bottle inner bag is 9 millimeters.Carbon fibre reinforcement is attached to the housing that solidify to form storage hydrogen bottle on inner bag, described carbon fiber enhancement layer thickness is 0.5mm.
Embodiment 2
Repeat embodiment 1 operation, just the quality % of chemical element is revised as chromium 30, nickel 3, manganese 2, silicon 1.2, carbon 1.5, nitrogen 0.1, and the iron of surplus.The wall thickness of storage hydrogen bottle inner bag is 7mm.Described carbon fiber enhancement layer thickness is 2.5mm.
Embodiment 3
Repeat embodiment 1 operation, just the quality % of some chemical element is revised as chromium 28, nickel 4, manganese 3, nitrogen 0.2, and the iron of surplus.The wall thickness of storage hydrogen bottle inner bag is revised as 1mm.Described carbon fiber enhancement layer thickness is 5mm.

Claims (9)

1. a hydrogen-storing device for solid state hydrogen, comprises storage hydrogen bottle, and storage hydrogen bottle contains storage hydrogen particle, and the average diameter of this storage hydrogen particle is 20 microns to 200 microns, have by porous wall around internal cavities; One end at storage hydrogen bottle is provided with pore, is provided with filter in pore; The housing of described storage hydrogen bottle comprises ferrous alloy inner bag and carbon fiber enhancement layer, the wall thickness 1-10 millimeter of described inner bag.
2. the hydrogen-storing device of solid state hydrogen according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the average diameter of described storage hydrogen particle is 50 microns to 80 microns.
3. according to the hydrogen-storing device of solid state hydrogen described in claim 1 or 2, it is characterized in that, described storage hydrogen particle is the mixture of CNT, nano-glass ball, nano ceramics, nano zeolite, nanofiber or these materials.
4. according to the hydrogen-storing device of solid state hydrogen described in claim 1 or 2, it is characterized in that, described storage hydrogen particle has the wall thickness of 1 to 30 micron.
5. according to the hydrogen-storing device of solid state hydrogen described in claim 1 or 2, it is characterized in that, the aperture in described porous wall is 50 dust-1000 dusts.
6. according to the hydrogen-storing device of solid state hydrogen described in claim 1 or 2, it is characterized in that, described filter is made up of metal powder sintered moulding.
7. according to the hydrogen-storing device of solid state hydrogen described in claim 1 or 2, it is characterized in that, described filter is made up of the micro-close net of stainless steel.
8. according to the hydrogen-storing device of solid state hydrogen described in claim 1 or 2, it is characterized in that, the thickness of described carbon fiber enhancement layer is 0.5-5mm.
9. according to the hydrogen-storing device of solid state hydrogen described in claim 1 or 2, it is characterized in that the wall thickness 7-9 millimeter of described inner bag.
CN201410132574.4A 2014-04-03 2014-04-03 Hydrogen storage device made of iron-base alloy composite material Pending CN103968238A (en)

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Citations (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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CN1270422A (en) * 2000-05-12 2000-10-18 南开大学 Composite hydrogen-storing electrode material of hydrogen-storing alloy/nm carbon material and its preparing process
CN1277935A (en) * 1999-06-16 2000-12-27 中国科学院金属研究所 Method for preparing single wall nanometer carbon tube hydrogen storage material
CN1609500A (en) * 2003-10-22 2005-04-27 丰田自动车株式会社 High pressure container and manufacture thereof
CN1752506A (en) * 2005-09-30 2006-03-29 天津海蓝德能源技术发展有限公司 Method hydride hydrogen-storing cylinder and preparing method thereof
CN101291874A (en) * 2005-10-21 2008-10-22 华盛顿萨凡纳河有限公司 Hollow porous-wall glass microspheres for hydrogen storage
WO2009109962A2 (en) * 2008-03-03 2009-09-11 Fredy Ornath A hydrogen storage tank
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CN201487536U (en) * 2009-05-19 2010-05-26 无锡尚弗能源科技有限公司 Metal hydride hydrogen storage device with safeguarding structure
CN202048351U (en) * 2010-12-23 2011-11-23 广州有色金属研究院 Solid hydrogen storage device for metal hydride
CN102596451A (en) * 2009-09-04 2012-07-18 株式会社渥美精机 Hydrogen storage alloy and hydrogen storage unit using same
CN202807518U (en) * 2012-09-07 2013-03-20 上海华篷防爆科技有限公司 Fiber reinforced container
CN203500844U (en) * 2013-04-03 2014-03-26 北京浩运金能科技有限公司 Metal hydride hydrogen storage device capable of quickly absorbing and desorbing hydrogen

Patent Citations (12)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1277935A (en) * 1999-06-16 2000-12-27 中国科学院金属研究所 Method for preparing single wall nanometer carbon tube hydrogen storage material
CN1270422A (en) * 2000-05-12 2000-10-18 南开大学 Composite hydrogen-storing electrode material of hydrogen-storing alloy/nm carbon material and its preparing process
CN1609500A (en) * 2003-10-22 2005-04-27 丰田自动车株式会社 High pressure container and manufacture thereof
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CN201487536U (en) * 2009-05-19 2010-05-26 无锡尚弗能源科技有限公司 Metal hydride hydrogen storage device with safeguarding structure
CN102596451A (en) * 2009-09-04 2012-07-18 株式会社渥美精机 Hydrogen storage alloy and hydrogen storage unit using same
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CN202807518U (en) * 2012-09-07 2013-03-20 上海华篷防爆科技有限公司 Fiber reinforced container
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Application publication date: 20140806