CN201323800Y - Energy-saving sunlight greenhouse capable of keeping warm without coal burning in winter - Google Patents

Energy-saving sunlight greenhouse capable of keeping warm without coal burning in winter Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201323800Y
CN201323800Y CNU2008200728201U CN200820072820U CN201323800Y CN 201323800 Y CN201323800 Y CN 201323800Y CN U2008200728201 U CNU2008200728201 U CN U2008200728201U CN 200820072820 U CN200820072820 U CN 200820072820U CN 201323800 Y CN201323800 Y CN 201323800Y
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
greenhouse
winter
film
need
wall
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Expired - Fee Related
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CNU2008200728201U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
卢明春
李志敏
齐瑞锋
吴光华
王力
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Jilin Academy of Agricultural Machinery
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Jilin Academy of Agricultural Machinery
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Priority to CNU2008200728201U priority Critical patent/CN201323800Y/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A30/00Adapting or protecting infrastructure or their operation
    • Y02A30/24Structural elements or technologies for improving thermal insulation
    • Y02A30/244Structural elements or technologies for improving thermal insulation using natural or recycled building materials, e.g. straw, wool, clay or used tires
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/14Measures for saving energy, e.g. in green houses

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Abstract

The utility model relates to an energy-saving sunlight greenhouse capable of keeping warm without coal burning in winter, and belongs to the technical field of greenhouses. The sunlight greenhouse has a structure with long front roofing and short rear roofing, one of the two sides is a wall including two clay brick walls (9) and two benzene boards (10), and a high-temperature region ventilating window (5) is arranged at the joint site of the wall; the other side includes five plastic films (2), a steel truss (3) and an external heat insulating grass curtain (4); and the bottom of the greenhouse includes a board ditch (7) and a ground head exchange system (8). The energy-saving sunlight greenhouse has the advantages of reasonable structure, low cost, environmental friendliness, and good heat insulating and energy-saving effects; and is suitable for be used in Northern China in winter.

Description

Need not burn coal heating energy conserving greenhouse by solar heat a kind of winter
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of greenhouse technology, is need not burn coal heating energy conserving greenhouse by solar heat a kind of winter that is suitable for using the middle part, northeast.
Background technology
The middle part, northeast has unique daylight resources advantage, and the general area of percentage of sunshine is all more than 60%, the area that has even up to 80%.Utilize this advantage for many years, developed the greenhouse in spring and autumn in large quantities, but also do not work out the energy saving sunlight greenhouse that need not burn the coal heating winter.Because weather cold, in annual February in December to the coming year, the most of idle sealing in ten hundreds of greenhouses is stopped using.The greenhouse that small part must be used winter (as the greenhouse of peach greenhouse, plantation tomato and cucumber) relies on a large amount of coals that burn to heat and keeps operation.Coal-fired waste gas and the flue dust of producing, contaminated environment wastes energy.
Summary of the invention
Be the problem that solves idle sealing in a large amount of common greenhouses in winter and coal-fired greenhouse contaminated environment and waste energy, the utility model provides to burn the coal heating a kind of winter that is suitable for using the middle part, northeast, promptly can carry out the energy saving sunlight greenhouse that leafy vegetables is produced.
The technical scheme that its technical problem that solves the utility model adopts:
Designed and need not burn coal heating energy conserving greenhouse by solar heat a kind of winter, its whole, back roofing short configuration long for front roof, wherein a side is a body of wall, is made of two clay brick walls and two benzene plate; The connecting place of body of wall is the high-temperature region vent window; A wherein other side is made of five layers of plastic film, steel truss and outer insulation straw screen or mat; Its medium temperature chamber's inner bottom part is made of plate ditch, underground heat exchange system.
Described underground heat exchange system is that an airtight air stores system, mainly by main air blower, hot air duct, heat collecting chamber, radiating tube, hot tap is formed, described five layers of plastic film comprise that first tunic is the daylighting film, second tunic is a screened film, be located at the anterior low-temperature space in greenhouse, trilamellar membrane is an insulation film, during branch is located in the greenhouse, the rear portion is movable inner membrance, and the 4th tunic is a damp-proof membrane, in the inner setting of back inclined roof, the layer 5 film is the winter protection film, is provided with outside the wall of back, and described body of wall is provided with the cement water-proof layer, described outer insulation straw screen or mat one side is provided with the roller shutter machine, azimuth, described greenhouse is 10 ° of degree of positive south by west, and front roof daylighting angle is about 26 °, and anterior roofing angle, greenhouse is: 30 °-50 °, the middle part is 25 °-30 °, and the rear portion is 10 °-15 °.The greenhouse span of surviving the winter is 8 meters, highly is 3.4 meters, and length is 45 meters, 1 meter~1.2 meters of truss spaces.
Front roof is long because greenhouse of the present utility model adopts, the short configuration of back roofing, the design of orientation angles aspect, greenhouse etc., by greenhouse by solar heat section geometric parameter and daylighting face shape are optimized, can make total light-inletting quantity and average transmittance reach optimum level.The film number of plies of surviving the winter is designed to five roads makes the printing opacity effect constant, has increased insulation, shielding, protection against the tide and winter protection function.System can regulate indoor air temperature and air nutrient about the cold and hot windage Buddhist nun's temperature adjusting of multiple air film, stops that the space cold air directly enters, and discharges humid air.In addition, the utility model is rational in infrastructure, and cost is low, environmental protection, heat preservation and energy conservation effects are good, is convenient to apply at north of china in winter.
Description of drawings
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples the utility model is further specified.
Fig. 1 is a greenhouse general structure schematic diagram.
1. roller shutter machines among the figure, 2. plastic film, 3. steel truss, 4. outer insulation straw screen or mat, 5. high-temperature region vent window, 6. cement water-proof layer, 7. plate ditch, 8. underground heat exchange system, 9. clay brick wall, 10. benzene plate.
Embodiment
Fig. 1 is a greenhouse general structure schematic diagram.Greenhouse of the present utility model adopts front roof length, the short configuration of back roofing, and the azimuth, greenhouse is 10 ° of degree of positive south by west, and front roof daylighting angle is about 26 °, and anterior roofing angle, greenhouse is: 30 °-50 °, the middle part is 25 °-30 °, and the rear portion is 10 °-15 °.The greenhouse span of surviving the winter is 8 meters, highly is 3.4 meters, and length is 45 meters, 1 meter~1.2 meters of truss spaces, and above structure can make total light-inletting quantity and average transmittance reach optimum level by greenhouse by solar heat section geometric parameter and daylighting face shape are optimized.
Can open and close heat preservation system inside: the heat preservation system inside skeleton that we are designed, skeleton is anterior consistent with outer skeleton form, inside and outside skeleton spacing 10CM, thermal screen folding and unfolding between inside and outside skeleton is born the plant lift heavy by inner frame simultaneously.Because inner frame is an arch form, the bottom without any support, think and guarantee that the stressed stability of skeleton is designed to 3-D triangle steel truss 3 with it, spacing is 6.4 meters between every row's bracing frame, for keeping the stability of horizontal direction integral body, so horizontal gird also adopts 3-D triangle steel truss 3, messenger wire hangs thereon.The steel skeleton material is hot-dip galvanized steel pipe, reinforcing bar.The design because middle no any upright supports, do not influence cultivate in the greenhouse and the soil utilize area.For not influencing daylighting, spacing is up to 6.4 meters between the bracing frame, and skeleton is born the lift heavy of plant simultaneously, has solved the climing problem of hanging in the greenhouse.
The effect of the cold and hot windage Buddhist nun's temperature adjusting of multiple air film system: regulate indoor air temperature and air nutrient, stop that the space cold air directly enters, discharge humid air.
Concrete structure about high-temperature region vent window 5 aspects is: adopt at front roof and lift the mode that the daylighting film ventilates, open the low level air inlet together.With the straight spacing of daylighting costal fold is that 20~30cm place establishes screened film in addition; Front roof puts in a skylight 4, and adverse grade puts in a skylight 6, satisfies the needs of different ventilatings.Whole greenhouse amounts to and establishes 10 exhaust outlets, and wherein two windows are respectively installed one of axial fan, guarantees to carry out when needing powerful air draft.Vent window is installed in all the other 8 air ports.Vent window is selected the plastic-steel window of good seal performance for use, vertical or horizontally is arranged on forward and backward sloping top.Close at ordinary times, when need ventilating by artificial unlatching.It is airtight that forward and backward sloping vent window should be carried out insulation, avoids cold and hot air to reveal naturally, and will take appropriate frost and snow measure.
Cold wind is entered by front roof low level air inlet, after stopping, the conductively-closed film moves upward, and in the overhead stop preheating of middle part, greenhouse, and the contact crop, satisfy the demand of crop to fresh air.The hot-air of high-temperature region, greenhouse is discharged by forward and backward sloping exhaust outlet.When the stubble tomato of surviving the winter plantation needs to lead to apoplexy, all take this form.Do not allow to open air inlet at chamber planting, but when need ventilating, can open the exhaust outlet on the forward and backward slope, the guiding natural convection air, or by the blower fan forced flow.At this moment,, be equivalent to through superheater at first through the high-temperature region, greenhouse by the outdoor cold air that enters, ability and crop come in contact after the raising temperature.
Surviving the winter, the adjustment of luminous environment mainly comprises in the greenhouse:
A) select for use electric rolling machine 1 to substitute traditional manpower roller shutter, shorten the roller shutter time, prolong light application time;
B) cultivate before, adjusting ground be the low northern high shape in south, increases ground extinction area;
C) select suitable truss quantity, truss space, framework material size in the design, reduce greenhouse body building correlation and go into blocking of light, enlarge planting soil sensitive surface etc.
Cantilevered ground electric rolling machine 1 is installed in ground.It has volume, put curtain fast, safely, save time the labour-saving characteristics.Cantilevered ground electric rolling machine 1 is selected in the greenhouse of surviving the winter for use, and purpose is to shorten the roller shutter time, prolongs light application time.Use cantilevered ground electric rolling machine,, disposable again finish volume from top to bottom from bottom to top, put the work of curtain overall process, only 5 minutes time of need, save time 20 times, save time 4 times than mechanical roller shutter than artificial roller shutter.Contrast artificial roller shutter greenhouse, can increase by two hours light application time every day.
The reasonable Arrangement film carries out subregion to air and regulates, and guiding, control air flow.Plastic film 2 numbers of plies of surviving the winter are five roads.The printing opacity effect is constant, has increased insulation, shielding, protection against the tide and winter protection function.
First tunic is daylighting film (adventitia), mainly plays the printing opacity effect.Increase indoor effective illumination, improve room temperature, strengthen plant photosynthesis efficient, promote plant growth, reduce damage by disease and insect.
Second tunic is a screened film, is located at the anterior low-temperature space in greenhouse, play a part wind speed damping and guides wind to.
Trilamellar membrane is an insulation film.Divide be located in the greenhouse in, the rear portion, be movable inner membrance.Insulation film is two.The wide about 4000MM in middle part, the wide about 2400MM in rear portion.In, posterior membrane can set up separately according to warming needs, in time draw back or close, so that adjust.
The 4th tunic is a damp-proof membrane.Be provided with in inclined roof inside, back, main effect is sealed damp-proof, insulation, the dried warm state of protection adverse grade.
The layer 5 film is the winter protection film.Be provided with outside the wall of back, main effect is further to seal winter protection from the outside to the greenhouse building enclosure.
Heat exchanger in ground design and plate region sealing technique
Underground heat exchange system 8 is that an airtight air stores system, and it is made up of main air blower, hot air duct, heat collecting chamber, radiating tube, hot tap etc.Blower fan is connected with pipeline with air inlet is middle.Thermal-collecting tube is located at underground 50~140cm depths in the greenhouse, and direction is for to bury underground along the greenhouse east-west direction, and quantity is established 4~6 rows according to the width of greenhouse span and do not waited.The two ends of pipeline export 300~500mm height that bassets, and are communicated with indoor low temperature district upper air.Be provided with the collection chamber of one one constant volume between blower fan and the pipeline, be equivalent to the hot-air distribution station.One each other between the three, mating reaction.Operation procedure: suction hot gas---enters heat pipe---and slowly discharges, and improves ground temperature, and the bottom, greenhouse also is provided with plate ditch 7.
" sealing of plate region " technology, promptly outside the greenhouse wall around a distance, dig the 1-2 rice degree of depth, the winter protection ditch of 2-3 rice width being communicated with continual gully, cuts off moisture.In general, winter protection ditch greenhouse in autumn digs out before using, and allows sunlight fully shine, transpiring moisture.
The composite wall body structure design
Body of wall comprises back wall and thing gable, adopt heterogeneous multi-layer combined wall building, two benzene plate 10 wall body structures of both two clay brick wall 9+ have good heat storage performance and make its heat storage that becomes inside, greenhouse, are in higher level as a huge thermal source heat radiation to keep indoor temperature at night; It also is main load-carrying members that the special version of greenhouse by solar heat makes the back wall, and integrally-built stability, durability are played key effect.Roofing board, main material are selected plank, film, benzene plate, straw mat etc. for use.When layers of material paved, the mode of mainly use the iron wire binding, pressing was only used one deck cement mortar and cement water-proof layer 6 topmost, had so just guaranteed the warm state of doing of roof effectively from material and two aspects of technology.
Because greenhouse of the present utility model adopts the short configuration of long, the rear roofing of front roof, orientation angles side, greenhouse The designs of face etc. by heliogreenhouse section geometric parameter and lighting surface shape are optimized, can make total Light-inletting quantity and average transmittance reach optimum level. The film number of plies of surviving the winter is designed to five roads makes the printing opacity effect constant, Insulation, shielding, protection against the tide and function of cold have been increased. About multiple air film cold-hot wind damping temperature adjusting be System can be regulated indoor air temperature and air nutrient, stops that the space cold air directly enters, and discharges moist empty Gas. In addition, the utility model is rational in infrastructure, and cost is low, environmental protection, heat preservation and energy conservation effects are good, is convenient in north Fang Dongji applies.

Claims (6)

1, need not burn coal heating energy conserving greenhouse by solar heat a kind of winter, it is characterized in that, its whole, back roofing short configuration long for front roof, wherein a side is a body of wall, is made of two clay brick walls (9) and two benzene plate (10); The connecting place of body of wall is high-temperature region vent window (5); A wherein other side is made of five layers of plastic film (2), steel truss (3) and outer insulation straw screen or mat (4); Its medium temperature chamber's inner bottom part is made of plate ditch (7), underground heat exchange system (8).
2, need not burn coal heating energy conserving greenhouse by solar heat a kind of winter according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described underground heat exchange system (8) is that an airtight air stores system, mainly is made up of main air blower, hot air duct, heat collecting chamber, radiating tube, hot tap.
3, need not burn coal heating energy conserving greenhouse by solar heat a kind of winter according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described five layers of plastic film comprise that first tunic is the daylighting film, second tunic is a screened film, be located at the anterior low-temperature space in greenhouse, trilamellar membrane is an insulation film, divide be located in the greenhouse in, the rear portion, be movable inner membrance, the 4th tunic is a damp-proof membrane, in the inner setting of back inclined roof, the layer 5 film is the winter protection film, is provided with outside the wall of back.
4, need not burn coal heating energy conserving greenhouse by solar heat a kind of winter according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described body of wall is provided with cement water-proof layer (6).
5, need not burn coal heating energy conserving greenhouse by solar heat a kind of winter according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described outer insulation straw screen or mat (4) one sides are provided with roller shutter machine (1).
6, need not burn coal heating energy conserving greenhouse by solar heat a kind of winter according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, azimuth, described greenhouse is 10 ° of degree of positive south by west, front roof daylighting angle is about 26 °, anterior roofing angle, greenhouse is: 30 °-50 °, the middle part is 25 °-30 °, and the rear portion is 10 °-15 °.The greenhouse span of surviving the winter is 8 meters, highly is 3.4 meters, and length is 45 meters, 1 meter~1.2 meters of truss spaces.
CNU2008200728201U 2008-11-27 2008-11-27 Energy-saving sunlight greenhouse capable of keeping warm without coal burning in winter Expired - Fee Related CN201323800Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNU2008200728201U CN201323800Y (en) 2008-11-27 2008-11-27 Energy-saving sunlight greenhouse capable of keeping warm without coal burning in winter

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNU2008200728201U CN201323800Y (en) 2008-11-27 2008-11-27 Energy-saving sunlight greenhouse capable of keeping warm without coal burning in winter

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106688707A (en) * 2017-02-28 2017-05-24 邓新福 Novel greenhouse with heat storage function
CN107950244A (en) * 2016-10-16 2018-04-24 侯隆飙 The overwintering greenhouse of solar integration energy-saving and emission-reduction
CN109881798A (en) * 2019-01-23 2019-06-14 乾安县奥琦科技发展有限责任公司 A kind of house insulating structure

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107950244A (en) * 2016-10-16 2018-04-24 侯隆飙 The overwintering greenhouse of solar integration energy-saving and emission-reduction
CN106688707A (en) * 2017-02-28 2017-05-24 邓新福 Novel greenhouse with heat storage function
CN109881798A (en) * 2019-01-23 2019-06-14 乾安县奥琦科技发展有限责任公司 A kind of house insulating structure

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C17 Cessation of patent right
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Granted publication date: 20091014

Termination date: 20091228