CN202197614U - Cooling and heating combined supply horticulture facility of new energy greenhouse combination garden - Google Patents

Cooling and heating combined supply horticulture facility of new energy greenhouse combination garden Download PDF

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CN202197614U
CN202197614U CN2011201663136U CN201120166313U CN202197614U CN 202197614 U CN202197614 U CN 202197614U CN 2011201663136 U CN2011201663136 U CN 2011201663136U CN 201120166313 U CN201120166313 U CN 201120166313U CN 202197614 U CN202197614 U CN 202197614U
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greenhouse
energy
garden
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north
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陈绍希
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陈绍希
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/12Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries using renewable energies, e.g. solar water pumping

Abstract

The utility model relates to a major construction equipment of vegetables and flowers, in particular to a cold and heat supply horticulture facility of now energy greenhouse combination garden. The technical problems to be solved are as follows: 1, the energy consumption of the greenhouse heating in the current technology is high, a lot of frames of the sunlight greenhouse are collapsed, the cost of the special frame of the terraced greenhouse is high, and the frame of the terraced greenhouse has no insulation paving machines; and 2, the problems of building the pre-refrigeration houses in the fields, intensively seedling and strengthening to build the vegetable garden are requested by the new 'shopping basket' project plan of the department of agriculture. The technical scheme to solve the problem comprises the following steps: according to the plane graph of the garden, a semi-arched angle steel frame type sunlight greenhouse is built in the north part; a multi-functional complementary new-energy room and the pre-refrigeration houses are built in the shadow land outside the north wall of the greenhouse; excepting the grid electricity, a photovoltaic generation system, a solar water heater system and a methane gas-hot water system are built; because of the arched angle-steel type complete truss span greenhouse in the south part of the combination supply garden, the two greenhouses which are respectively in the north part and the south part are respectively provided with a heating room, a pre-refrigerating room, a sprouting room and a greenhouse frame which is used for strengthening the insulation and resisting the wind and the snow. The technical scheme can be provided for the current greenhouse construction design and production industries to research the new greenhouse product in 12th Five Year Plan.

Description

Combination garden, new forms of energy greenhouse changes in temperature alliance horticultural facility equipment
(1) technical field under
The utility model relates to industrialized agriculture vegetable gardening flowers Architectural Equipment equipment specialty, combination garden, especially a kind of new forms of energy greenhouse changes in temperature alliance horticultural facility equipment.
(2) background technology
(1) existing utility growing vegetables reply microthermal climate ability is more, and the greenhouse heating power consumption is high.
1, the 2011.01.18 Southern City: two big reasons cause the dish valency and go up: the first, continuous two all microthermal climates have already produced influence to this locality melon dish in winter.Say that generally about 10 ℃, the melon dish can be difficult to growth or stop growing.The second, this winter, weather was colder, and northern many cities have been difficult to the vegetables self-sufficiency, (< greenhouse production>2011.01.P59) at present
2, girth lucky 2010.01<modern greenhouse Gong Cheng>Two editions P191, general, attached-greenhouse is heated and year is consumed the about 90-150kg/m of coal 2Coal-fired cost accounts for 30%~50% of whole production cost.About 35 ° areas of north latitude, the energy charge of heating winter accounts for 30%~40% of totle drilling cost, for reducing greenhouse operating cost, improves the production benefit, must pay close attention to the design of heating system in the greenhouse planning and designing.
(2) require to build the edge of a field precooling storehouse, intensive seedling production construction in Ministry of Agriculture's new round the "shopping basket' project construction plan, (the danger Chao An vice-minister of the 2010.11.24 Ministry of Agriculture can talk in national vegetables production scene) (< greenhouse production>2010.12.P17).Problem be how energy-conservation with save land.
1,2011-01-06 Xinhua Journalism Website: the ultra direct-furnish of farming: no longer " let the dish valency fly ".Most of agricultural byproducts are the rapid wear article, fruits and vegetables, meat, aquatic products etc. in circulation rotten loss rate up to about 15%, (< greenhouse production>2011.01.P59)
2, lucky 2010.01 < the modern greenhouse engineerings of girth>two editions P412; The fresh-keeping measure that precooling machinery uses in the fruits and vegetables process of circulation is precooling, is exactly after the fruits and vegetables results, and its natural temperature is dropped to set point of temperature rapidly; It is rotten that fruits and vegetables are reduced in transit; Prolong supply time, guarantee the fresh and uniform quality of listing fruits and vegetables, the forced ventilation precooling drops to about 10 ℃ the fruits and vegetables temperature.
Below see the 1986.8 agriculture P151 of publishing house of Designing Inst., Ministry of Commerce, (1caI=4.1855J)
3, the lucky the same P379 of girth: the germinating cabinet is one of key facility of factorial seedling growth production.Because the seed sprouting stage is special and strict to environment requirement, adopt germinating cabinet's vernalization can guarantee the germination condition of seed, and do not take greenhouse space,
Germinating cabinet's temperature regulating range is usually at 18-30 ℃, and relative moisture remains on more than 95%, adopts the atomizer humidification, and the illumination conditioning equipment has only the only a few kind to need breaking dormancy under the low light level or the complete dark condition,
(3) existing technological Sunlight greenhouse frame collapses manyly, and towed roller shutter machine shop volume thermal insulation quilt mounting condition need improve.
1, the Ministry of Agriculture shows that according to production practices in recent years especially facilities vegetable will be implemented measures such as snow defence, winter protection, insulation in advance, reduce green house and collapse and vegetables freeze injury loss.(the danger Chao An vice-minister of 2010.11.24 Ministry of Agriculture speech)
2, the towed roller shutter machine volume of existing technological greenhouse by solar heat shop thermal insulation quilt; " can be used in length and be the above greenhouse of 100m; its shortcoming is that the axiality of installation accuracy and power transmission shaft of requirement transmission is higher, and is also high to greenhouse self specification requirement " (girth Ji < modern greenhouse engineering>two editions P418)
(4) an existing technical battery Keelof green house cost high, still do not have thermal insulation quilt shop volume machinery.
(5) Ministry of Agriculture requires to strengthen the garden building work of vegetables standard, and demonstration drives the victual quality and benefits and improves comprehensively, strengthens farmer specialized cooperative society and cultivates, and strengthens the intensive seedling production construction.(the danger Chao An vice-minister of 2010.11.24 Ministry of Agriculture speech).
Winter-Spring early summer dish valency big rise and big fall in this year show " 12 " chamber facility Equipment Requirement new product:
One to the winter heat to production environment regulation and control in the greenhouse, summer cooling energy-saving synergy, carry out the production of standardization gardening, though very advanced, the existing volume film of China's chamber facility architectural design machine, window opener etc. also lack new forms of energy alliance energy and land saving.
Two will adapt to peasant's professional production cooperative society intensification needs of scale production.
1, China belongs to continental climate; Summer is xeothermic and high temperature season is very long (generally will continue 6-8 month); And often receive the lower influence of agricultural product price in summer; The greenhouse cooling energy consumption constitutes the relative scale of hothouse production cost maybe be higher, (lucky 2010.01 < the modern greenhouse engineerings of girth>two edition P348)
2, according to the monitoring of Shandong Province Department of Commerce, temperature gos up in the recent period, and open-air vegetable growth speeds up, and landings significantly increase, and the vegetables storage life shortens because of the temperature rises in addition, and continuous 6 weeks of wholesale price fall after rise.
Grand the saying of Shandong Province Department of Commerce market operation Guo department director: really jump out the vicious circle of " dish low-priced hinder farming, the expensive people of wound of dish ", key will improve the systematism level of vegetables production, and the decentralized management of single household can't adapt to the demand of big circulation.(2011.4.26 < the modern newspaper in east>A36)
(3) summary of the invention:
(1) the utility model technical problem that will solve:
1, combination garden, the new forms of energy greenhouse changes in temperature alliance horticultural facility equipment plane that the garden establishment of " 12 " farmer specialized cooperative society vegetable or flower standard needs is proposed
2, reply microthermal climate ability in the existing technological facilities growing vegetables, the greenhouse heating power consumption is high!
3, require to build the edge of a field precooling storehouse, intensive seedling production construction in the Ministry of Agriculture's new round the "shopping basket' project planning, problem be how energy-conservation with economize ground?
4, existing technological Sunlight greenhouse frame collapses howly, and towed roller shutter machine shop volume thermal insulation quilt mounting condition need improve!
5, an existing technical battery Keelof green house cost high, still do not have thermal insulation quilt shop volume machinery!
(2) technical scheme of technical solution problem employing:
The garden has the net electricity that the lightning protection anti electrostatic measure is arranged, and biogas should require to take off H through the affirmation of contract supply of local authorities 2The biogas that S is good, air pressure is steady, greenhouse addressing are not built on the air port, flooding area, debris flow district, and the present technique scheme is:
Combination garden, a kind of new forms of energy greenhouse changes in temperature alliance horticultural facility equipment, press the garden plane:
1, the north, garden is east-west semicircle arch form slotted-angle shelving greenhouse by solar heat, is the towed roller shutter machine of gimbal coupling type on the wall top thereafter.
2, the outer shade of wall is built three new energy resources system in new forms of energy chamber of providing multiple forms of energy to complement each other on the ground behind this greenhouse by solar heat; 1. the inside and outside air conditioner system in solar energy power generating band precooling storehouse and germinating cabinet; 2. heating coil system, 3. biogas hot water heating gas handling system under the floor heating of solar water heater band and the germinating cabinet's germination bed.
3, build the whole truss attached-greenhouse of circular arch type angle steel of south-north direction through south, this greenhouse by solar heat alliance garden three new energy resources system and when the earth mat electricity; Thereafter the outer shade of wall is built the precooling storehouse on the ground, is built the key facility germinating cabinet of intensive seedling production; Also can build the new forms of energy chamber of providing multiple forms of energy to complement each other; This attached-greenhouse north and south wall is all established lifting I-beam electric thermal insulating outward and is spread the volume machine, and the electric complementary garden lamp of scene is walked on stage other in operation.
It is existing that details are as follows with the present technique scheme:
1, at the semicircle arch form slotted-angle shelving greenhouse by solar heat described in the present technique scheme, its structure is: semicircle arch form slotted-angle shelving is arranged, on two wing plates of semicircle arch form angle steel screw is arranged respectively; Semicircle arch form slotted-angle shelving on post connects upper limb with bolt, becomes two semicircle arch form slotted-angle shelvings; At many single semicircle arch form slotted-angle shelvings of center-to-center; The both connects on the installation flat board on greenhouse Hou Qiang and preceding wall column and the horizontal angle girder steel, and between two semicircle arch form slotted-angle shelvings, many horizontal corner steel stay-bolts of frame connect; Because of one side semicircular arch angle steel has flat wing band screw, the flat wing of the angle steel in opposite oppositely need weld small wing boring in addition.
2, on wall top behind the semicircle arch form slotted-angle shelving greenhouse by solar heat described in the present technique scheme; The towed roller shutter machine of gimbal coupling type shop volume thermal insulation quilt is arranged, and it has top volume machine and pedestal, and the bearing block that two ends respectively connect power transmission shaft is installed on the embedded iron; Gimbal coupling is respectively arranged on the power transmission shaft of two ends; Active catch wind and rain wallboard is arranged, and back wall has three beams: day beam, grade beam, intercolumniation horizontal angle girder steel, Bao Qiang is stable.
3, in the new forms of energy chamber of providing multiple forms of energy to complement each other described in the present technique scheme; Net is arranged; Its structure is: the inside and outside air conditioner system in solar energy power generating band precooling storehouse and germinating cabinet is arranged; On flat roof, the photovoltaic battery panel array is arranged, through photovoltaic cell component, controller, by the precooling storehouse in each greenhouse of switchgear house circuit alliance and the air conditioner inside and outside the germinating cabinet.
4, in the new forms of energy chamber of providing multiple forms of energy to complement each other described in the present technique scheme; There are net electricity, its structure to be: heating coil system under the floor heating of solar water heater band and the germinating cabinet's germination bed is arranged; On flat roof, the new forms of energy chamber of providing multiple forms of energy to complement each other, solar water heater is arranged; The floor heating back pool is arranged to the solar water heater supply-water pump on indoor terrace, heating coil under each greenhouse floor heating pipe of buried pipeline alliance and the germinating cabinet's germination bed, solar energy go out in the boiler heat exchanger and add heating return pipe swelling heat Cistern valve with the biogas stove and be connected.
5, in the new forms of energy chamber of providing multiple forms of energy to complement each other described in the present technique scheme; Net is arranged; Its structure is: biogas hot water heating gas handling system is arranged, and the confession water return pipeline of heating radiator in each greenhouse of biogas stove hot-water outlet pipe alliance and air inlet heating heater unit is in the pipe insulation through between two greenhouses and precooling storehouse; Connect to the overhead return pipe swelling heat water tank of feed pipe adding to the biogas stove to have on the heating return pipe; It goes out with valve and solar energy, and heat exchanger links to each other in the boiler, and the biogas stove has hot water and biogas security control point and smoke exhaust pipe, and indoor have a H 2S, the CO alarm that exceeds standard.
6, at the whole truss attached-greenhouse of the circular arch type angle steel described in the present technique scheme, its structure is: the whole truss of circular arch type angle steel is arranged, weldering girt under circular arch type angle steel arch bar; Many arrowhead vertical rods of between weldering link to each other, and on circular arch type angle steel arch bar, on two wing plates of angle steel screw are arranged respectively; The whole truss of circular arch type angle steel on post connects upper limb with bolt, becomes the whole truss of two circular arch type angle steel, and the many whole truss of single circular arch type angle steel are arranged between two posts; Each weldering of both two ends is installed dull and stereotyped; With on the post and intercolumniation horizontal angle girder steel dull and stereotyped bolt is installed is connected, many horizontal corner steel stay-bolts connections of frame between the whole truss of two circle confession type angle steel have only one flat wing band screw are arranged in the two circular arch types angle steel of opposite; The flat wing of the angle steel in opposite is reverse, need weld small wing boring in addition.
7, in the whole truss attached-greenhouse of the angle steel of circular arch type described in the present technique scheme, canopy film and two end axles, film-pressing line arranged, have the canopy film to window and the side window window opener; Gutter and thermal insulation layer are arranged; Its structure is: outside the gable of attached-greenhouse north and south, all establish lifting I-beam electric thermal insulating and spread the volume machine, lifting I-beam, suspension two-speed electric block are arranged, rain cover is respectively arranged; Thermal insulation quilt two end axles band suspension ring; Pressure is linked to each other with Keelof green house by last item line ratchet turnbuckle built-in fitting, and attached-greenhouse circular arch type roofing north and south gable outer rim dress active catch brattice plate, north and south gable are built the electric block volume outward and put the thermal insulation quilt operation and walk on stage and block bar; Beishan Mountain wall is outer to be operated on the flat roof in precooling storehouse, germinating cabinet that blocks bar shaded outside the wall of the Beishan Mountain of walking on stage, and the electric complementary lamp of scene is walked on stage other in operation.
(3) adopt the beneficial effect of technique scheme to be
1, to have brought into play the greenhouse by solar heat East and West direction be that garden retaining northwester northeaster weakens the cool winds effect in new forms of energy greenhouse combination garden; Utilize behind the greenhouse by solar heat shaded of wall to build the new forms of energy chamber of providing multiple forms of energy to complement each other; The net electricity is arranged, photovoltaic generation, solar energy floor heating, biogas hot water heating gas handling system alliance greenhouse by solar heat, attached-greenhouse are arranged, the performance attached-greenhouse takes up an area of the effect of lacking than greenhouse by solar heat, is able to the new forms of energy alliance simultaneously; Play because of ground and cause, provide multiple forms of energy to complement each other, fully utilize; The effect of stressing benefit is for " strengthen the garden building work of vegetables standard, strengthen the farmer specialized cooperative society cultivation, " that " 12 " Ministry of Agriculture proposes laid the facility basic condition.
2, biogas hot water heating gas handling system has heating radiator and air inlet heater unit, promotes the photosynthesis of cold day hothouse plants, because the airtight few CO of cold day greenhouse door and window 2, plant was under light conditions when sunshine was injected the greenhouse, and the blade face pore absorbs CO 2,, discharge O simultaneously with the hydration saccharogenesis 2, this process is photosynthesis.Synthetic monose such as glucose, for plant growing provides energy, (lucky 2010.01 < the modern greenhouse engineerings of girth>two edition P304)
3, the skeleton of semicircle arch form slotted-angle shelving greenhouse by solar heat and circular arch type angle steel roman truss attached-greenhouse; Improved wind resistance snow disaster evil ability than the general skeleton of existing technology; Moderate cost, on-the-spot few welding, construction is fast; Improved the reliability of the towed roller shutter machine shop volume thermal insulation quilt of existing technological greenhouse by solar heat simultaneously; Having solved existing technological attached-greenhouse does not have the thermal insulation quilt problem, meets the requirement of " accelerating multi-functional, intelligent, the economical agricultural equipment facility of exploitation " that the speech (2009.11.24) of the Liu Xian vice chief of department of agricultural mechanization management department of the Ministry of Agriculture in national industrialized agriculture working forum propose, (< greenhouse production>09.12.P10)
4, the dash area outside the wall of the Beishan Mountain, two greenhouse, garden is built the edge of a field precooling storehouse, is built intensive seedling production key facility germinating cabinet and saved the occupation of land of nursing young plants in hothouses; Add above-mentioned energy-conservation three measures of resisting natural disasters; Be of value to and implement that speech (2010.11.24) that Ministry of Agriculture danger Chao An vice-minister can go up in national vegetables production scene proposes: period from now on; The basic ideas of Development of Vegetable Industry are: serve as theme to change the economic development mode; To improve the quality of products, equilibrium market is supplied as main direction, (2010.12.P16 < greenhouse production >)
(4) description of drawings
(1) list of drawings
Fig. 1, combination garden, new forms of energy greenhouse changes in temperature alliance horticultural facility equipment floor plan
The A-O-O ' of Fig. 2, Fig. 1-A profile has semicircle arch form slotted-angle shelving greenhouse by solar heat and provides multiple forms of energy to complement each other the new forms of energy chamber
The horizontal corner steel pull bar connects enlarged drawing, the C-C profile of Fig. 3-1, Fig. 3 between the single, double semicircle arch form slotted-angle shelving of Fig. 3, Fig. 2
The B-B profile of Fig. 4, Fig. 1, figure has circular arch type angle steel roman truss attached-greenhouse and north and south gable peripheral hardware lifting I-beam electric thermal insulating thereof to be spread the volume machine
(2) each figure grade title
Fig. 1, new forms of energy greenhouse combination garden changes in temperature alliance horticultural facility equipment plane label 1, south gets heavy industry word beam orbit,
2, walk on stage and block bar,
3, the whole truss attached-greenhouse of circular arch type angle steel,
4, heating radiator,
5, North gets heavy industry word beam orbit,
6, block bar on the flat roof in precooling storehouse and germinating cabinet,
7, the inside and outside air conditioner in precooling storehouse and germinating cabinet,
8, supply direct current supply line,
9, hot insulated line in the outdoor and precooling storehouse of heating,
10, greenhouse heat-insulating quilt is deposited ground,
11, the electric complementary garden lamp of scene,
12, step on the new forms of energy chamber and push up ladder and block bar,
13, semicircle arch form slotted-angle shelving greenhouse by solar heat,
14, the gable wind and rain wallboard of fending off is pressed sunshade net built-in fitting,
15, the towed roller shutter machine of Hou Qiangding active catch wind and rain wallboard,
16, alterating and direct current switchgear house,
17, new forms of energy chamber and flat roof block bar,
18, electric alternating current of net and ammeter,
19, top, new forms of energy chamber solar photovoltaic cell panel,
20, the inside and outside air conditioner in precooling storehouse,
21, the top of the towed roller shutter machine of Hou Qiangding volume machine and two ends transmission shafts bearing are installed on the embedded iron,
22, door and vent,
23, top, new forms of energy chamber solar water heater,
24, the floor heating back pool is to the solar water supply pump,
25, solar energy goes out boiler to the floor heating supply-water pump,
26, solar energy goes out boiler and heat exchanger,
27, the biogas stove advances the communicating valve of heating backwater swelling heat water tank and label 26 heat exchangers,
28, add heating backwater supply-water pump to the biogas stove,
29, biogas stove hot water and biogas security control point and smoke exhaust pipe,
30, the biogas stove goes out the heating hot water pipe,
31, the top of towed roller shutter machine volume machine two ends power transmission shaft gimbal coupling,
32, heating coil under floor heating underground pipe and the germinating cabinet's germination bed,
The A-O-O ' of Fig. 2, Fig. 1-A profile has semicircle arch form slotted-angle shelving greenhouse by solar heat and provides multiple forms of energy to complement each other the new forms of energy chamber,
The horizontal corner steel pull bar connects enlarged drawing between the single, double semicircular arch slotted-angle shelving of Fig. 3, Fig. 2, and label 33, press mold are pressed by the line built-in fitting,
34, air inlet heater unit,
35, flat board is installed in the weldering of two semicircle arch form slotted-angle shelving two ends on the post,
36, center-to-center list semicircular arch slotted-angle shelving two ends band installing plate lacks the wing plate that label 38 is installed, weldering small wing boring 36A,
37, two semicircle arch form slotted-angle shelving connecting bolt spring washers on the post,
38, horizontal corner steel pull bar band screw,
39, horizontal angle girder steel between the wall column of back, the dull and stereotyped corresponding bolt of installation that weldering is joined at corresponding single two semicircular arch slotted-angle shelving two ends connects,
40, wall grade beam behind the greenhouse by solar heat,
41, beam embedded iron bolt in wall sky connects behind the greenhouse,
42, accumulation of heat trench,
43, greenhouse front wall back timber embedded iron bolt connects,
44, flat board is installed in corresponding label 39 welderings of greenhouse front wall intercolumniation horizontal angle girder steel,
The B-B profile of Fig. 4, Fig. 1 is schemed to have whole truss attached-greenhouse of circular arch type angle steel and north and south gable thereof respectively to establish lifting I-beam electric thermal insulating outward and is spread the volume machine, label 45, electric block rain cover,
46, lifting I-beam rain cover,
47, column,
48, the anti-thermal insulation layer that leaks at the bottom of the gutter band,
49, canopy film two end axles and film-pressing line built-in fitting,
50, thermal insulation quilt has two end axles band suspension ring,
51, press by last item line ratchet turnbuckle built-in fitting,
52, two-speed electric block,
53, the thermal insulation quilt in the volume of shop,
54, the canopy film of having completed,
55, flat board is installed in the weldering of angle steel column top,
56, intercolumniation horizontal angle girder steel, the whole truss of corresponding single, double circular arch type angle steel two ends are joined weldering dull and stereotyped bolt spring packing ring connection are installed,
57, the whole truss of single circular arch type angle steel, the flat band screw of pulling is installed in the two ends weldering, lacks label 60 wing plates weldering small wing is installed,
58, the whole truss of two circular arch type angle steel, dull and stereotyped band screw is installed in the two ends weldering,
59, the whole truss connecting bolt of two circular arch type angle steel spring washer,
60, horizontal corner steel pull bar band screw,
61, sunshade net stay cord built-in fitting,
62, north and south circular arch type gable active catch brattice plate, northern circular arch type gable active catch brattice plate is with gable height and built-in fitting.
(5) embodiment
Explain below in conjunction with accompanying drawing:
(1) three systems in new forms of energy chamber that in Fig. 1, provide multiple forms of energy to complement each other are like this work:
1, top, new forms of energy chamber solar-energy photo-voltaic cell (19) via controller and alterating and direct current switchgear house (16) are through supplying dc power supply line (8); Alliance greenhouse by solar heat (13); Attached-greenhouse (3); The inside and outside air conditioner (7) in the precooling storehouse of the outer shaded of north wall and germinating cabinet, (20); The indoor apparatus of air conditioner 10 ℃ of respiration heats of utilizing when as follows vent (22) to get rid of vegetables of blowing a cold wind over satisfy the vegetable precooling technological requirement, and alliance two air-conditioner outdoor unit blowing hot-airs are seen the hot blast greenhouse of heating off and fully utilized in two greenhouses to the precooling storehouse outside simultaneously.Air conditioner inside and outside precooling storehouse and germinating cabinet (7); 18~30 ℃ of the general air-supplies of vernalization indoor air conditioner; Humidification spray air relative moisture 95% in addition again; Can satisfy the germinating process requirement, at this moment the off-premises station wind that generally blows on utilizes cool breeze so the Winter-Spring off-premises station will be placed on outdoor or be placed between indoor preliminary finish.
2, heating coil system under the floor heating of solar water heater band and the germinating cabinet's germination bed
Heating coil (32) under solar water heater alliance two greenhouse floor heating underground pipes and the germinating cabinet's germination bed; The floor heating back pool supplies water to top, new forms of energy chamber solar water heater (23) according to weather to solar water supply pump (24), after the solarization heat; The inflow solar energy that discharges water down goes out boiler to floor heating supply-water pump (25); Water pump is used net electric alternating current (18) more, also through switchgear house (16), and Alternating Current Power Supply line alliance two greenhouses and new forms of energy chamber; Can should use the present technique scheme because of ground causes, less than 50 ℃, can open solar energy and go out the heat exchanger communicating valve (27) that boiler and heat exchanger (26) and biogas stove advance heating water return swelling heat water tank and label (26) like the solar energy leaving water temperature; Reach 50 ℃ with the water outlet of 70 ℃ of backwater heating solars; Supply with two greenhouse inner rim alliance floor heatings and bury the ground water supply line, the soil, greenhouse becomes heat storage, can protect vegetable growth ground temperature needs; Anti-microthermal climate disaster; Supply the floor heating pipeline to heat under germinating cabinet's germination bed can supplying on the floor, reduce the floor space of nursing young plants in hothouses, be able to implement intensive seedling production and ensure the quality of products.
3, biogas hot water heating gas handling system
The biogas stove goes out heating radiator and air inlet heater unit (4) in heating hot water pipe (30) alliance two greenhouses, (34); The heating backwater advances heating backwater supply-water pump (28) by the biogas stove and supplies with biogas stove (29) circulation heating; Advance to connect on the return pipe heat exchanger communicating valve (27) of swelling heat water tank and label (26) at supply-water pump (28); Be lower than 50 ℃ like bad weather solar energy leaving water temperature and can open communicating valve (27), add 70 ℃ of backwater of backwater swelling heat water tank to the biogas stove and get into that solar energy goes out boiler and heat exchanger (26) is heated, realize providing multiple forms of energy to complement each other; Anti-rank low temperature hazard weather; Biogas stove hot water and biogas security control point and smoke exhaust pipe (29), control hot water temperature's pressure and biogas pressure and composition, leakage alarm valve-closing are implemented biogas safety and are controlled automatically.
(2) in Fig. 1 Fig. 2; It is work like this that the Hou Qiangding of semicircle arch form slotted-angle shelving greenhouse by solar heat (13) has the towed roller shutter machine of gimbal coupling type shop volume thermal insulation quilt: at first be stable laying the foundation when guaranteeing long pass moving axis shop volume; There are the top volume machine and the two ends transmission shafts bearing of the towed roller shutter machine of Hou Qiangding to be installed in (21) on the embedded iron; Its structure is: volume machine two ends, the top power transmission shaft of towed roller shutter machine respectively has gimbal coupling (31) between bearing block, the towed roller shutter machine of back wall active catch wind and rain wallboard (15) is arranged, and the trace that expands with heat and contract with cold of major axis and construction material changes between gimbal coupling (31) absorption diaxon bearing; The convenient maintenance of active catch wind and rain wallboard; Can reduce the damage of strong wind to towed roller shutter machine and thermal insulation quilt again, at first back wall has three beams: day beam, grade beam, intercolumniation horizontal angle girder steel, Bao Qiang is stable.
(3) in Fig. 4 whole truss attached-greenhouse of circular arch type angle steel and north and south gable peripheral hardware lifting I-beam electric thermal insulating thereof to be spread the volume machine be work like this:
On the lifting I-beam track (1) that attached-greenhouse north and south gable is respectively established outward, (5); Each hangs 1 two-speed electric block (52), and the people stands in to walk on stage and blocks in the bar (2), can see two two-speed electric blocks (52) duty; When thermal insulation quilt has two end axles band suspension ring (50); Fixedly be fixed on the gutter (48) at two, thermal insulation quilt (50) one end axle north and south with pressing by last item line ratchet turnbuckle built-in fitting (51) connection, two, thermal insulation quilt (50) other end axle north and south is suspended on two two-speed electric blocks in north and south (52) with isometric rope white silk respectively, then slow slow circular arch type attached-greenhouse (3) the top central authorities that enter in limit that rise in remote control two-speed electric block (52) limit; Beginning remote control (52) limit is slow to fall that the limit is slow to enter on the circular arch type greenhouse another side gutter; The same connection with (51) fixed two, (50) other end axle north and south, accomplishes the operation of greenhouse heat-insulating quilt shop, and operation is opposite when the rolling thermal insulation quilt; After implementing completion; With pressing the pressure that is increased thermal insulation quilt middle part and two ends, greenhouse gable end by last item line ratchet turnbuckle built-in fitting (51) by line, it is high with the circular arch gable to load onto the northern circular arch gable of north and south circular arch type gable active catch brattice plate (62) windbreak plate hight then to thermal insulation quilt (50), because of northwester northeaster hazard weather many; When night time operation, can use scene electric complementary garden lamp (11); In time listen to weather forecast information at night and early prevent the wind and snow hail, when not using in the weather of thermal insulation quilt (50) the capable of hoisting existence on lifting I-beam (1), (5) below attached-greenhouse collateral branch frame.

Claims (8)

1. combination garden, new forms of energy greenhouse changes in temperature alliance horticultural facility is equipped; Net electricity is arranged, anti-thunder and lightning, anti-static precautions are arranged, it is characterized in that: by the garden plane: the north, garden is east-west semicircle arch form slotted-angle shelving greenhouse by solar heat, and wall is the towed roller shutter machine of gimbal coupling type on pushing up thereafter; The outer shade of wall is built three new energy resources system in new forms of energy chamber of providing multiple forms of energy to complement each other on the ground behind the greenhouse by solar heat; The inside and outside air conditioner system in solar energy power generating band precooling storehouse and germinating cabinet, heating coil system under the floor heating of solar water heater band and the germinating cabinet's germination bed, biogas hot water heating gas handling system; Three new forms of energy and when earth mat; Build the whole truss attached-greenhouse of circular arch type angle steel of south-north direction through south, greenhouse by solar heat alliance garden, shade is built the germinating cabinet of precooling storehouse and intensive seedling production on the ground outside the wall of back, and the energy connects the greenhouse by solar heat new forms of energy chamber of providing multiple forms of energy to complement each other; This attached-greenhouse north and south gable is all established lifting I-beam electric thermal insulating outward and is spread the volume machine, and the electric complementary garden lamp of scene is walked on stage other in operation.
2. combination garden, new forms of energy according to claim 1 greenhouse changes in temperature alliance horticultural facility equipment, it is characterized in that: the north, garden is east-west semicircle arch form slotted-angle shelving greenhouse by solar heat, and semicircle arch form slotted-angle shelving is arranged; On two wing plates of semicircle arch form angle steel, screw is arranged respectively, the semicircle arch form slotted-angle shelving on post connects upper limb with bolt; Become two semicircle arch form slotted-angle shelvings; At many single semicircle arch form slotted-angle shelvings of center-to-center, the both connects on the installation flat board on greenhouse Hou Qiang and preceding wall column and the horizontal angle girder steel, between two semicircle arch form slotted-angle shelvings; Many horizontal corner steel stay-bolts of frame connect; Because of one side semicircular arch angle steel has flat wing band screw, the flat wing of the angle steel in opposite is reverse, need weld small wing boring in addition.
3. combination garden, new forms of energy according to claim 1 greenhouse changes in temperature alliance horticultural facility equipment; It is characterized in that: the north, garden is east-west semicircle arch form slotted-angle shelving greenhouse by solar heat; On the wall top the towed roller shutter machine of gimbal coupling type is being arranged behind the semicircle arch form slotted-angle shelving greenhouse by solar heat; Its structure is: the greenhouse by solar heat back wall has three beams: body of wall sky beam, grade beam, intercolumniation horizontal angle girder steel, and the top volume machine of the towed roller shutter machine of Hou Qiangding and the bearing block of two ends power transmission shaft are installed on the embedded iron; Gimbal coupling is respectively arranged on the power transmission shaft of two ends, active catch wind and rain wallboard is arranged.
4. combination garden, new forms of energy according to claim 1 greenhouse changes in temperature alliance horticultural facility equipment; It is characterized in that: the outer shade of wall is built the new forms of energy chamber of providing multiple forms of energy to complement each other on the ground behind the greenhouse by solar heat; Heating coil system under floor heating of solar water heater band and the germination bed is arranged; On flat roof, this chamber, the photovoltaic battery panel array is arranged, through photovoltaic cell component, controller, by the precooling storehouse in each greenhouse of switchgear house circuit alliance and germinating cabinet inside and outside air conditioner system.
5. combination garden, new forms of energy according to claim 1 greenhouse changes in temperature alliance horticultural facility equipment; It is characterized in that: the outer shade of wall is built the new forms of energy chamber of providing multiple forms of energy to complement each other on the ground behind the greenhouse by solar heat; Heating coil system under the floor heating of solar water heater band and the germinating cabinet's germination bed is arranged; On flat roof, this chamber, solar water heater is arranged, the floor heating back pool is arranged to the solar water heater supply-water pump on indoor terrace; Heating coil under each greenhouse floor heating pipe of buried pipeline alliance and the germinating cabinet's germination bed is arranged, and solar energy goes out heat exchanger in the boiler and adds heating return pipe swelling heat Cistern valve with the biogas stove and be connected.
6. combination garden, new forms of energy according to claim 1 greenhouse changes in temperature alliance horticultural facility equipment; It is characterized in that: the outer shade of wall is built the new forms of energy chamber of providing multiple forms of energy to complement each other on the ground behind the greenhouse by solar heat; Biogas hot water heating gas handling system is arranged; The confession water return pipeline that heating radiator and air inlet heating heater unit in each greenhouse of biogas stove hot-water outlet pipe alliance is arranged; Connect to the overhead return pipe swelling heat water tank of feed pipe adding to the biogas stove to have on the heating return pipe, it goes out with valve and solar energy, and heat exchanger links to each other in the boiler, and the biogas stove has hot water and biogas security control point and smoke exhaust pipe.
7. combination garden, new forms of energy according to claim 1 greenhouse changes in temperature alliance horticultural facility equipment is characterized in that: three new forms of energy and when the earth mat electricity, build the whole truss attached-greenhouse of circular arch type angle steel of south-north direction through south, greenhouse by solar heat alliance garden; The whole truss of circular arch type angle steel is arranged, weldering girt under circular arch type angle steel arch bar, many arrowhead vertical rods of between weldering are connected on the circular arch type angle steel arch mutually; On two wing plates of angle steel screw is arranged respectively, the whole truss of arch form angle steel connects upper limb with bolt on post, becomes the whole truss of two circular arch type angle steel; The whole truss of many root units arch form angle steel is arranged between two posts, and each weldering of both two ends is installed dull and stereotyped, with horizontal angle girder steel on the post and between the post dull and stereotyped bolt is installed and is connected; Between the whole truss of two circular arch type angle steel; Many horizontal reinforcing pull rod bolts of frame connect, and in the two circular arch types slotted-angle shelving of opposite, have only one flat wing band screw is arranged; The flat wing of the angle steel in opposite is reverse, need weld small wing boring in addition.
8. combination garden, new forms of energy according to claim 1 greenhouse changes in temperature alliance horticultural facility equipment; It is characterized in that: three new forms of energy and when earth mat; Build the whole truss attached-greenhouse of circular arch type angle steel of south-north direction through south, greenhouse by solar heat alliance garden, outside the gable of the whole truss attached-greenhouse of circular arch type angle steel north and south, all establish lifting I-beam electric thermal insulating and spread the volume machine, lifting I-beam, suspension two-speed electric block are arranged; Rain cover is respectively arranged; Thermal insulation quilt has two end axles band suspension ring, presses to be linked to each other with Keelof green house by last item line ratchet turnbuckle built-in fitting, and attached-greenhouse circular arch type roofing north and south gable outer rim has active catch brattice plate; The north and south gable is built electric block volume outward and is put thermal insulation quilt operation table balustrade; Beishan Mountain wall is operated table balustrade outward, and on the precooling storehouse of shaded, the flat roof, germinating cabinet, the electric complementary garden lamp of scene is walked on stage other in operation outside the wall of the Beishan Mountain.
CN2011201663136U 2011-05-17 2011-05-17 Cooling and heating combined supply horticulture facility of new energy greenhouse combination garden Expired - Fee Related CN202197614U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011201663136U CN202197614U (en) 2011-05-17 2011-05-17 Cooling and heating combined supply horticulture facility of new energy greenhouse combination garden

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011201663136U CN202197614U (en) 2011-05-17 2011-05-17 Cooling and heating combined supply horticulture facility of new energy greenhouse combination garden

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105613117A (en) * 2014-10-31 2016-06-01 天津市月坛农业科技有限公司 Greenhouse capable of monitoring growth of plants intelligently
CN107503534A (en) * 2017-09-18 2017-12-22 云南三七科技产业发展有限公司 A kind of large automatic notoginseng planting factory structure

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105613117A (en) * 2014-10-31 2016-06-01 天津市月坛农业科技有限公司 Greenhouse capable of monitoring growth of plants intelligently
CN107503534A (en) * 2017-09-18 2017-12-22 云南三七科技产业发展有限公司 A kind of large automatic notoginseng planting factory structure
CN107503534B (en) * 2017-09-18 2019-05-24 云南三七科技产业发展有限公司 A kind of large automatic notoginseng planting factory structure

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